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LOUISIANA 



Comprising Sketches of Parishes, Towns, 

Events, Institutions, and Persons, 

Arranged in Cyclopedic 

Form 



EDITED BY 

ALCEE FORTIER, LIT. D. 

PROFESSOR OF ROMANCE LANGUAGES 
IN TULANE UNIVERSITY 



IN THREE VOLUMES 



VOLUME III 



Century Historical Association 
1914 



BIOGRAPHICAL EDITION 



INDEX 



Abramson, Louis .... 

Adams, J. L 

Adams, St. Clair 

Adams, W. H 

Ader, Henry F 

Aiken, Hugli K 

Ailven, John Gayle. . . 

Albert!, Ernst 

Alexander, Taliaferro 
Alexander, Wm. McF. 
Alexandre, Ernest .. . . 

Allain, A. A 

Alleman, L. J 

Allen, A. C 

Allgeyer, C. E 

Andrews, C. A 

Andrews, James 

Atkins, J. B 

Atkinson, Joseph .... 
Aucoin, Adolph A.... 

Aucoin, Edgard 

Aucoin, Kleber A. . . . 
Augustln, L. S 



rase 

27 
481 

19 

20 
482 

24 

22 
716 

25 

26 
715 
588 

21 

28 
482 

29 

31 

32 
716 
588 
483 
713 i 

?.9. 



Babin, W. J 711 



Babin, Charles. 
Bagwell, W. L. 

Baker, W. C 

Bakewell. A. G. 
Ballard, J. A.. . 
Barbe, A. M.. . . 
Barker, W. E.. 
Barkley, John 



590 

484 

33 

34 

717 

35 

590 

805 

Barland, CD 717 

Barnette, Wm. C 485 

Barousse, Homer 59 

Barr, John C 747 

Barret, T. C 36 

Barrow, S. C 37 

Barry, James E 37 

Bath, A. E 38 

Bath, Joseph 592 

Battle, C. A 39 

Beale, L. D 593 

Beer, Ferdinand 39 

Behrman, Martin 41 

Bel, Ferdinand A 594 

Belden, J. W 42 

Bell, Thomas F 42 

Bell, Thornton F 43 

Bentley, Emerson 44 

Bentley. L. E 594 

Bernadas. H. E 45 

Bertels, F 485 

Berthelot, Paul 707 

Beyt, J. Lamar 45 

'Bienvenu, Geo. L 46 



rage 

Biggs, O. A 486 

Billeaud, M 47 

Bisso, Wm. A 49 

Blackman, J. C 50 

Blackman, W. F 51 

Blake, Eugene W 50 

Boatner, Charles J 52 

Boatner, M. H 53 

Bobbitt, R. E 486 

Boh, Arthur P 53 

Bolian, George C 595 

Bolinger, S. H 60 

Bolton, G. W 54 

Boone, J. H 487 

Bounchaud, J. L 488 

Bourg, L. B 491 

Bourgeois, George M 710 

Bourgeois, Louis P 706 

Bourgeois, Lionel J 709 

Boutcher, G. W 56 

Boyce, C. W 802 

Boyce, H. A 57 

Boyd, D. P 57 

Boyd, Thos. D 58 

Boylan, W. G 59 

Braden, W. C 61 

Brandao, E. P Gl 

Breaux, J. N 65 

Breaux. J.N 65 

Breaux, S. L 63 

Brierre, M. E 66 

Brooks, Wm. P 597 

Broussard, E. S 66 

Broussard, J. 68 

Broussard, L. L 493 

Broussard, Z. B 69 

Brown, B. C 595 

Brown, C. J 492 

Brown, S. H 596 

Browne, Andrew A 492 

Browne, E. W 71 

Bruenn, Barnard 72 

Brumfield, D. C 598 

Bruner, H. E 295 

Brunot, H. F 75 

Bruns, H. D 74 

Buck, Henry 598 

Buckner, H. S 76 

Buckner, Louis, Jr 494 

Bullock, Otis W 77 

Buquoi, J. P 718 

Burch, Emile 704 

Burk, W. R 599 

Burke, P. E 79 

Burthe, C. A 495 

Burthe, J. Leo 749 

V 



VI 



INDEX 



Page 

Bush, Louis. . . : 496 

Butler, Thos 77 

Butler, Thos. W 79 

Butterworth, W. W 497 

Byrd, C. E 80 

Byrnes, W. H 750 

Byrnes, W. H., Jr 751 

Cabell, J. B 81 

Cage, H. C 81 

CalUouet, L. P 82 

Calhoun, Nathan M 718 

Callaway, I. M 84 

Cambon, F. J 501 

Cambon, Henry 499 

Cambon, M. C 501 

Cambon, Sylvester, Sr 498 

Cambon, Sylvester J., Jr 500 

Cammack, C. H 85 

Campbell, "William 86 

Capdeville, Paul 87 

Cappel, Jos. J .89 

Carmouche, W. J 719 

Carpenter, A. C 90 

Carre, D. Beach 503 

Carre, W. W 502 

Carroll, Chas 

Carter, H. J 90 

Carter, T. A 91 

Caruthers, J. A 91 

Carver, E. S 92 

Carville, J. A 504 

Caspari, L 600 

Castell, W. J 505 

Cazenavette, L. L 92 

Chaille, S. E 745 

Chalaron, F. J 93 

Chamberlin, W. B 95 

Chandler, G. C 95 

Chaplin, Chichester 98 

Chappuis, P. J 96 

Charbonuet, J. A 97 

Charlet, A. M 601 

Charnley, J. T 98 

Chauff, L. D 602 

Chase, T. B 99 

Chavez, F. 100 

Chenet, H. S 101 

Claiborne, C. F 102 

Clark, L. 505 

Clayton, C. P 103 

Clerc, R. F 103 

Cline, Dan D 104 

Coco, A. V 602 

Cognevich, Louis A. . . .'. 105 

Cohn, Albert J 106 

Cohn, Isidore 105 

Coignet, J. A. 107 

Colomb, B. A 506 

Colomb, J. J 107 

Collier, B. T 604 

Colvin, E. C 604 

Cooley, Le Verrier, Jr 720 

Cooper, A. W 108 

Cormier, C. E 109 

Cornelson, G. H 109 



Page 

Couret, Maurice 751 

Crantord, T. J 605 

Crebbin, John T 110 

Culpepper, R. C Ill 

Cunningham, M. J 112 

Cunningham, W. T 113 

Currie, J. E 605 

Cushman, M. R 607 

Cushman, W. S 113 

Cusachs, Gaspar 606 

Daniels, F. A 114 

Dansereau, Hercules 115 

Dansereau, H. C 608 

Dansereau, Philip 116 

da Ponte, Harry 507 

d'Aquin, J. J 752 

Darsam, Jos. W 117 

Daspit, Henry 117 

Davey, J. C 118 

David, F. E 119 

Davidson, J. H 508 

Davis, C. F 119 

Dawkins, B. T 120 

Dawkins, H. E 509 

DeBellevue, C. B 120 

DeBuys, Rathbone E 754 

Dehon, Louis A 608 

de la Vergne, Hugues 124 

de la Vergne, H.J 124 

de la Vergne, Jules 124 

de Livaudais, Dugue E 754 

Denegre, W. D 122 

Denis, Henry 510 

Diboll, C. C 511 

Dicks, A. H 126 

Dickson, S. Brooks 127 

Dodson, W. R 127 

Donaldson, H. A 515 

Doss, W. L 516 

Doussan, J. E 518 

Dowden, S. G 128 

Dowling, Oscar 755 

Duchein, C. F 130 

Dufour, H. Generes 800 

Dugas, Oscar 519 

Duke, J. R 702 

Dunn, J. F 130 

Duson, C. C. .. 131 

Duson, W. W 134 

Dyer, Isadore 129 

Dymond, John 139 

Dymond, John, Jr 720 

East, S. T 609 

Eastham, J. H 143 

Edrington, P. E 144 

Edwards, C. J 146 

Edwards, T. A 147 

Edwards, W. W 145 

Elliott, Clay 721 

Elliott, R. W 149 

Ellis, C. H 150 

Emery, R. R 519 

Englade, Mack 701 

Estopinal, Adam 152 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



Vll 



Page 

Estopinal, Albert 151 

Estopinal, Albert, Jr 152 

Estopinal, Alfred 153 

Estopinal. Fernando 154 

Estopinal, R. L 154 

Eubank, D. P 158 

Eustis, Allan C 156 

Pavrot, H. L 158 

Feingold, Marcus 160 

Ferrell, L. C 160 

Fisher, Hugh C 162 

Fisher, John B 520 

Fisher, W. L 162 

Fleming, R. H 521 

Fleming. W. L 163 

Ford, J. P 610 

Ford, W. M 163 

Formento. W. J 164 

Fort, A. K 165 

Fortier, Amedee 168 

Fortier, E. J 166 

Fortier, E. L 168 

Fortier, J. J. A 167 

Fortier. J. P 169 

Fortson, E. H 610 

Foster, James M 170 

Foster, Eleanor Long 171 

Foster, James M., Jr 173 

Foster, M. J 611 

Frederich. E.J 521 

Friedrichs, E. D 173 

Fuller, Ned McG 612 

Fullilove, S. C 174 

Pyler, Geo. H 174 

Gallion, Z. T 175 

Gamard. E. A 176 

Garcia, Jos. M 176 

Gardere. P. J 721 

Gardiner, C. A 612 

Garland, G. P 613 

Garland. R. L 614 

Garrot. R. B 614 

Gearheard, A. G 615 

Geier, Geo 522 

Gennerelly. Jos. E 177 

Gessner, Herman B 177 

Gilbert, Philip H 523 

Givens, Allen 617 

Glover, George J 178 

Goff, William D 617 

Goldman, G. C 618 

Golsan, J. L 180 

Gonzales, Allen T 682 

Gonzales, Ambrose C 619 

Gordy, M. T 181 

Gore, B. L 182 

Goreau, Thos. W 182 

Gorman. J. A 183 

Grace, Fred J 184 

Grace, John D 803 

Grace. W. L 524 

Granier, Alovon 699 

Grant, R. R 619 



Pane 

Graugnard, Leon 722 

Graves. J. Q 524 

Gray. R. A 185 

Greaves. H. P 723 

Green, T. A 525 

Grouchy, Alex., Jr 186 

Guerard, Robt. G 186 

Gueyden, Henri 526 

Guilbeau, F. C 620 

Guilbault, Albert 187 

Guillory. E. 620 

Guion. Lewis 756 

Guion, Walter 724 

Guiterrez, Alcide 187 

Gumbel, H. E 529 

Gurley, W. M 758 

Haas, W. D 621 

Hacker, L. 188 

Hamilton, F. M 189 

Hand, T. J 724 

Hanna, Joe 622 

Hanna, J. S 190 

Hanna. Richard J 764 

Hanna. Robert 765 

Hanson, J. D 623 

Harang, Dominic 766 

Hargis, L. M 192 

Harrell, R. P 193 

Harrington, E. R 194 

Harris, W. H 194 

Hart, William 762 

Hartson, M. J 195 

Hartwell, C. A 529 

Hawthorn, J. W 196 

Hay, Alexander 624 

Haydel, G. L 683 

Haydel. J. Severin 683 

Hayne. Franklin B 759 

Heath. A. G 196 

Hebert, A. E 197 

Hebert, C. S 197 

Henderson, J. A 198 

Henriques, A. D 199 

Henriques. J. C 200 

Henry, B. W 200 

Henry, E. L 624 

Henry, J. M 530 

Henry, Joseph 725 



Henry, W. M. 



801 

Herndon. E. B 201 

Hero. W. S 531 

Herold, A. A 201 

Hester, H. G 202 

Hester, J. G '.. 205 

Himel, Clifford H 625 

Hiriart, C. A 626 

Hodges, A. J 625 

Hoffpauer, M. L 207 

Holcombe, C. A 208 

Holderith, Charles P 766 

Holloman. S. C 625 

Holmes, W. S 208 

Huckaby. G. C 209 

Hughes. John 627 

Hunt, Randell 212 



Vlll 



INDEX 



Page 

Hunter, E. G 213 

Hunter, J. D 214 

Hunter, J. R 215 

Hunter, R. P 215 

Huston, G. 532 

Hymel. R. S 216 

lies, E. J 628 

Irion, V. K 217 

Isaacs, Marks 219 

Jackson, J. H 628 

Jacob, Alice A 703 

Janvier, Charles 221 

Janvier, Jolin '. . 222 

Jastremski, H 223 

Jastremski, L 222 

Jewell, Hewitt C 629 

Johnson, Warren 223 

Johnston, J. E 224 

Jones, P. P 629 

Jones, G. H 630 

Jones, H. P 771 

Jones, Joseph 767 

Jones, Junius W 211 

Jones, J. W 210 

Jones, P. H 211 

Joseph, H. S 533 

Joyner, H. A 225 

Jung, J. C 226 

Jung, L. A 227 

Kahle, P. J 228 

Kaufman, C. A 229 

Kausler, George S 772 

Keaton, R. E 725 

Keeney, A. D 772 

Keitz, Emile S 774 

Kellv, Thomas H 773 

Kemp, R. C 230 

Kemper, J. P 231 

Kemper, W. Y 232 

Kerr, F. M 233 

Kimbell, J. L 234 

Kleinpeter, E. A 775 

Knight, J. A 630 

Knighton, J. E 235 

Koelle, J. M.. 235 

Kohlman, W 236 

Kostmaver, H. W 236 

Kramer, W. H 237 

Labbe. D. C 238 

Labbe, T. J 238 

Lacaze, A. J 699 

Lafaye, E. E 240 

Lambert, Richard 534 

Lambremont, P. M 534 

Land, Alfred D 241 

Land, John R 242 

Land, T. T 535 

Landry, A. A 536 

Landry, Arthur L 726 

Landry, Arthur 243 

Landry, Louis E 632 

Landry, L. D 631 

Lapeyre, George F 243 



Page 

Lapeyre, James M 244 

Lapeyre, Jean M 244 

Larose, J. B 246 

Larue, Felix A 537 

Lastrapes, W R 726 

Lawrason, Sam'l McC 247 

Lea, Allen C 248 

LeBeau, Vic 249 

LeBlanc, Henry A 775 

LeBlanc, Samuel A 777 

LeBlanc, J. Clarence 684 

LeBourgeois, Louis 632 

Leche, Paul 633 

Ledbetter, Benj. A 249 

Legendre. J. A 250 

Lemle, Gustave 779 

Leonhardt, A. F 251 

Leucht. Isaac L 252 

Leverich. W. K 253 

Levert, M. W 801 

Levy, Simon C 538 

Levet, S. J 688 

Lewis, A. C 727 

Lewis, A. R 728 

Lewis, John Hampden 257 

Lewis John C 253 

Lew'is, Joshua 256 

Lewis, Sidney F 258 

L'hote, Jules C 259 

Littell, B. A 634 

Littell, Theodore H 635 

Livaudais. OS 260 

Locke, Leon 779 

Lockett, A. M 261 

Loisel. Victor 262 

Long, George 539 

Looney, F. J 263 

Louque, Chas. 263 

Louque. George A 264 

Love, James F 636 

Lovejoy. W. C 265 

Lowrv. R. P 637 

Lynch, R. C 266 

Lyons, E. J 267 

Mabry, Willam A 543 

Madere, Elias 686 

Maginnis, Arthur A 544 

Maginnis, Arthur A., Jr 545 

Maginnis, C. B. 547 

Magoun, P. E 638 

Maher, T. F 279 

Mainegra. R. J., Jr 280 

Manson, James J 281 

Manion, J. E..._ 548 

Manion, Martin H 782 

Marrero, F. G 781 

Marrero, L. A 782 

Marrero, L. H 282 

Martin, A. W 639 

Martin, E. D 283 

Martin, G. A 284 

Martin, J. G 285 

Martin, Robert C 548 

Martin, R. C, Jr 550 

Martin, W. 286 

Martin, W. P 288 



BIOGKiiPHICAL 



I'llRC 

639 

289 



Martinez. R. D 

Mason, Sam W 

Matas, Rudolph ^°^ 

Mathews, C. S 

Maurin, H. C 

May, Alexander H 

May, Irby B 

Mayo. Augustus M 

McAlpln, M. R 

McBride, W. J »*- 

McCaleb, E. H 

McCaleb. E. H., Jr. 
McClelland, Wm. A 

McClosky, G. T 

McCloud, Chas C -'^ 

McGinnis, Irvin ^'^ 

McGuire, M. H ^';» 

McHardy, G. G :'■' 

McHugh, Thos. E ^'^ 

McKoin, B. McE 543 

McNeese, John - '» 

McNeese, O. W -'^ 

McShane. Augustus - '^ 

McVea, Charles -;^° 

Medlenka, J. G. . . . 

Menge, John H 

Meraux, L. A 

Merrick, Caroline E 

Merrick, Edwin T ^»' 

Merrick, Edwin T., Jr ^99 

Mevers, F. C 552 

Metz, Abraham L d4u 

Mielly, E. F f/ 

Middleton, J. M b4i 

Miller, Branch K '» ' 

Miller, C. S. 300 

Miller, Henry C '»» 

Miller, .J. D 642 

Miller, T. M j°-^ 

Miller W. H -^"1 

Miller, W. M °"^ 

Millsaps. Uriah ■ oo^ 

Milner, P.' M. . 
Mlms, S. S. . . . 

Mioton, S. F 

Mire. Geo. J. . • 
Modisette. J. O 

Moise, J. C 

Moise, L. C. . . 
Moise, H. A 



Murdock, L. A. 
Murphy, J. C. 
Murphy, W. J. • 



IX 

rate 
648 
317 
318 



291 
551 
728 
639 
292 
539 



268 
269 
269 
271 



294 
685 
296 
298 



Naquin, Ozeme ^J' 

Neelis, John G ^^* 

Neild, E. F 

Nelson. A. J 

Newman, Isidore 

Nicholson, J. W 

Nix, J. D., Jr 

Nix, J. T., Sr 

Nix, J. T., Jr 

Norman, John R 

Nugier, John 

Nunez, N. H 



320 
321 
322 
324 
328 
325 
328 
555 
330 
705 



O'Donnell, A. C 

O'Donnell, Lawrence 

O'Hara, J. A 

O'Keefe, J. D 

O'Leary, J. F 

O'Niell, C. A 

O'Reilly, John D ■ ",;•' 

Odenheimer, Sigmund ^^* 



688 
330 
557 
332 
333 
730 



729 
302 
302 
303 
303 
305 
729 
305 



Odom, F. M 

Odom, T. B 

Oechsner, Herman 
Oechsner, John .. 

Ogden, P. T 

Orfila, F. J 

Orr, A. B 

Ory, John D 

Ory, John L 

Ory, Lezln 



556 
335 
335 
336 
339 
339 
690 
691 
692 
689 



Monroe, Frank A 1^ 

Monroe, J. B 

Montagne, R. J 

Montgomery. G 

Montegut. Sidney ^s ( 

Mooney, Henry ^^° 

Mooney. Henry Clay f'-> 

Morgan, H. G ^10 

.'.'.'.'.'. 643 

... 646 

553 

.. 646 
311 



19 

307 
308 



Morris, P. S 

Morris. John A 

Morrison, B. M 

. Morrison, J. H 

Moseley, J. M 

Mouton, F. H ^ 

Mouton. Ferdinand "ij- 

Muller, A. N ■^^^ 



Ory, Oscar -„; 

Ory, Placide "■'■" 

Oschwald, Chas 

Ott, Charles E 

Overton, J. H 

Overton. Thomas r'' 

Oxford, J. W •il' 

Oxnard, B. A *^* 

Painchaud, Victor 559 

Palfrey, Chas ^^^ 

Pardue, C. A '^^ 

Parham, F. W „„ 

Parker, Caleb Harrison ' »-^ 

Parker, John M '°' 

Parker, James Porter •5^;> 

Parker, Judge J. Porter ^»^ 

Parkerson, J. R • ^^^ 

Parkerson, W. S ■' 

Patton, G. F g-^ 

Pavy. F. O 

Payne. G. C 

Peavy, A. J 

Penick, R. M 

Penick, W. S 

Penick, W. S., II 

Penrose, Geo. B. B 

Perkins, Robert J 

Perkins, Ruffin T ;^^'' 

Perrilliat. Arsene ^^^ 

Peterman, W. T 



696 
730 
340 
340 



651 
348 
651 
652 
654 
349 
352 
353 



INDEX 



rajie 

Peters, A. J 355 

Peters, J. E 561 

Peytavin. J. L 356 

Phelps, M. H 358 

Phillips, W. D 562 

Piegay, A 358 

Picard, A. E 696 

Pierce, A. N 359 

Points, J. .J. F 359 

Ponder. S. D 563 

Porter, C. V 655 

Pothier, O. L 564 

Powers. Edward 365 

Pratt, George K., Sr 789 

Prescott, Arthur T 363 

Prescott, H. H 364 

Prescott. Lewis D 731 

Price, Andrew 565 

Pugh, P. S 367 

Pujo, A. P 366 

Pulfdrd, F. J 656 



Querbes, Andrew 
Quintero, L. C. . . . 

Ratcliff, E. R 

Ramsay, L. W. . . . 
Ratzburg. Fred D. 

Rayne, H. M 

Redfern, S. E 

Reed. Y. O 

Reeves, J. T 

Reeves, Joseph T. 

Reeves, M. C 

Reid, H. A 

Reily, J. Y. 



368 

805 

, 369 

732 

369 

693 

370 

733 

734 

567 

734 

568 

569 

Reily, William B 371 

Renshaw, Henry 372 

Renwick. W. P 735 

Reuss. G. B 570 

Reymond, S. 1 373 

Reynaud, Pirmin 694 

Reynaud, L. F 374 

Reynaud, W. H 375 

Rice, C. S 376 

Richard, Gerasime 656 

Richardson, H. D 376 

Ricks, A. G 377 

Robbert, E. M 378 

Roberts, J. C 571 

Robichaux, Alcide 378 

Robichaux. E. G 379 

Robin. E. A 380 

Robinson, ,1. L 657 

Rocquet. Albert 571 

Rodrigue. Edward .1 381 

Roger, C. S 6.58 

Romain, Arinand 382 

Ross, William P 383 

Rouen, Bussiere .384 

Roulleanx. N. J 735 

Roy. Sebastien 385 

Rutledgp. W. S 572 

Rupp, J. A 659 

Rusca, ,Iohn L 660 



St. Amant. Guy S. 



660 



Page 

St. Julien. J. G 386 

St. Martin, Charles 697 

St. Martin, P. E 661 

Salamon, L. P 389 

Salatich, P. B 387 

Salatich. R. J 388 

Samuel. E. C 390 

Sarpy, Leon 391 

Sartor, Thos. R 573 

Scales, John L 663 

Scarborough, David C 789 

Schmidt, Charles E 125 

Schmidt, Gustavus 125 

Scott, Joseph T 790 

Sessums, Davis 392 

Sewell, B. N 392 

Seymour, W. H 392 

Shannon, Thos 394 

Shelby, Edwin 396 

Sherwood, R. E 397 

Shute, F. C 663 

Showalter, D. B 397 

Sims, R. N 736 

Sinai, Joseph 398 

Singletary, T. P 399 

Sisters of Mt. Carmel 310 

Smith, B. W 400 

Smith, G. J 664 

Smith, Hubert S 401 

Smith, J. M 402 

Smith, LeD. E 403 

Smith, T. R 739 

Sommerville, W. B 403 

Soniat-DuFossat, C. T 404 

Songy, Edward B 740 

Soria, H. N 406 

Souchon, Edmond 406 

Souchon, Marion 409 

Soule, Prank 410 

Sowar, E. J 741 

Sparks, R. C 574 

Spearing, J. Z 410 

Spencer, L. C 411 

Stafford, Ethelred M 413 

Stafford, G. M. G 414 

Starkey, C. T 415 

Steele, O. B 415 

Steere, A. C 793 

Stephens, Edwin L 417 

Stern, Maurice 575 

Stirling, L. G 418 

Storck, J. A 418 

Story, Hampden 419 



Street, J. L. 

Street, T. P 

Strickland, H. K. 

Sullivan. J. P 

Suthon, H. S 



665 
665 
666 
420 
421 

Sutton, John L 575 

Swayze, C. C 421 

Swords, C. W 422 

Swords, M. L 422 

Swords, M. W 424 

Taylor, G. S 424 



BIOGRAPHICAL 



XI 



I'afre 
426 



429 
667 
667 
429 

794 
430 
577 
669 



430 
433 



Taylor, Shelby „„ 

Texada, D. K 

Thatcher, F. G 

Theriot, Mark 

Thibodaux, Paul J 

Thomas, A. G 

Thomas, "Warren 

Thomason, L. M 

Thompson, C. J 

Thompson, Dhu °"^ 

ThornhiU, C. P °" 

Tichenor. G. H 

Tobin, J. F 

Tobin, J. W t^^ 

Todd, John A ^'^ 

Toledano, A 

Tompkins, R. C 

Tooke, J. W 

Tooke, L. M 

Trahan, A. R 

Trahan, E. 

Trahan, J. D 

Trezevant, M. B *'^' 

Trone, A. J • */,° 

Turner, Benjamin «*" 

Tupper, Allen « '^ 

Tupper, Tristram yj^ 

Tuten, J. D 4*^ 

442 



435 
669 
579 
670 
436 
670 
435 



Ugland, A. E 

Unsworth, C. V 4^3 

Vaccaro Bros '^42 

Van Brook, Jos **^ 

Vandegaer, W. H 676 

Van de Ven, Cornelius 444 

Ventress, J. A 444 



Villere, Gustave 



676 



Walsh, J. M 452 

Walther, H. W. E 453 

Warner, J. A 6^° 

Warren, W. J 580 

Watson, J. F 679 

Watson, S. Y 454 

Webb, H. C 457 

Webb, J 454 

Webb, R. C 456 

Webre, T. L 581 

Webre, Joseph L 743 

Wegemann, Jno. X 457 

Weil, Bertrand 458 

Weilbacher, J. 459 

Weiss, L. C 459 

Werlein, Philip 460 

Werlein, Philip P 461 

Wermuth, C. E 461 

White, H. A 46^ 

White, J. A 46u 

Whittington, W. W 464 

Wight, Pearl 

Wilbert, B. G 

Williams, U J 

Williams, S. L 

Williamson, George o»i 

Willis, James C 468 

Wilson, J. L- ■ ■ 

Wilson, R. J 

Wimberly, J. R 
Wingrave, T. J 



785 
466 
680 
468 



Vincent, H. DeL 445 

Vining, John U '^" 

Voorhies, R. D "^ 

Vuillemot, Emile ** ' 

Waguespack, H. J 677 

Waguespack, L. O »'» 

Waguespack, W. J **^ 

Wahl, J. P tfi 

Waldo, B. T Ill 

Waldo, Eveline A »°» 

Waldo, James C 3°* 

Waldo, James E »»* 

Walet, L. A '^* 

Walls, W. E ^-"^ 



586 

802 

465 

... 465 

Wisner, Edward 469 

Witherspoon, A. J 4ai 

Witherspoon, J. T 4 a 

Witherspoon. T. S 4^ 

Wogan, J. A 

Wolfe, C. G 

Wolfe, F. P 

Wolff, Solomon 

Woods. R. P '*. 

V/oodville, J. A yji 

... 47o 

.... 476 

... 582 

.... 582 

.... 581 



473 
474 
474 
587 



Woolfolk. A. W. 

Wright, J. L 

Wright. Jennie K. 
Wright. Mary A.. 

Wright, Sophie B 

Wurzlow, Calvin *^^ 

Wurzlow. E. C. 



478 



Young, J. S. 
Young, Z. T. 



Zeidler, E. J. 



479 
583 

480 




Frank A. Monroe 
Chief Justice Louisiana Supreme Court 



LOUISIANA 



Monroe, Frank Adair, chief justice of the supreme court of Lou- 
isiana, was born at Annapolis, Md., Aug. 30, 1844, but was reared 
at Frankfort, Ky., the home of his parents, Victor and Jlary Town- 
send (Polk) Monroe. His father was a native of Kentucky, and 
born in Glasgow, Barren county ; he was a lawyer by profession, 
and was appointed, by Pres. Pierce, the first federal judge for the 
territory of Washington ; he crossed the great plains in the early 
'50s on his way to the territory, going in company with the first 
territorial governor of Washington, Gov. Stephens, and at Olym- 
pia, Wash., his death occurred, his family having never joined him. 
Judge Victor Monroe was a son of Thomas Bell Monroe, a native 
of Albemarle county, Va., and a direct descendant of Andrew Mon- 
roe, a Scotchman of a Highland clan, who came to America in 
1650, and settled in Virginia, and became the progenitor of the 
noted Monroe family of the Old Dominion state, of which Pres. 
Monroe was a member. Thomas Bell Monroe became a lawyer, of 
prominence in Kentucky, and was appointed, by Pres. Jackson, 
judge of the United States District coui-t, and held the position 
until the election of Pres. Lincoln. Toward the close of the Civil 
war, he came South and located at Pass Christian," Miss., where 
. he died. His wife was a daughter of John Adair, a native of South 
Carolina and a patriot of the American Revolution, after the close 
of which he removed to Kentucky, where he won honors in pub- 
lic service, becoming one of the early governors of the State, and 
later a United States senator. The mother of Judge Frank Adair 
Monroe was a native of Maryland and her father was an officer 
in the United States navy. Judge Monroe has one brother, Wil- 
liam Winder Monroe, and a sister, Mary Eliza, the wife of Judge 
Joshua G. Baker, of New Orleans. 

Judge ilonroe received his early scholastic training in private 
schools at Frankfort, Ky., and then entered, in 1860, tlie Ken- 
tucky IMilitary institute, where he had just begun his sophomore 
year, when he entered the Confederate States army, in which he 
served 4 years, first in Co. E. 4th Kentucky infantry, then in 
Co. C, 1st Louisiana cavalry. He was wounded and captured near 
Somerset, Ky., March, 1863, and was exchanged in Oct., 1863. For 
many years Judge Slonroe has been prominently identified with 
the United Confederate Veteran organization. He has served as 
president of the Association of Army of Tennessee, Camp No. 2, 
U. C. v., and for years as a member of the Board of Governors, 
Confederate Memorial hall, New Orleans. The war closed ; Judge 
Monroe went to Pass Christian, Miss., to where his paternal grand- 
father and other members of his family had removed from Ken- 
tucky. Not long after, he took up the study of law, and in 1867 
III— 2 



20 LOUISIANA 

Checkers and "Whist clubs. In 1902 he married Miss Elizabeth, the 
daughter of Gen. Euclid Borland, of New Orleans, and is the father 
of four children : Charlotte, Beatrice, Elizabeth and St. Clair. 

Adams, Wallace Holly, attorney-at-law, and member of the well 
known law firm of Modisette & Adams, Jennings, Jefferson Davis 
parish. La., was born at Minden, "Webster parish. La., July 2, 1880; 
son of William Henry and Aurelia (Taylor) Adams, the former a 
native of Edgefield county, S. C, and the latter of the state of 
Georgia, from which commonwealtli she removed with her parents 
to Louisiana. At the beginning of the Civil war, "William Henry 
Adams, the father, then seventeen years old, enlisted as a member 
of the Albany Hussars cavalry, C. S. A. His command was promptly 
ordered to the front, and in the course of his experiences he took 
part in the ilaryland and Pennsylvania raid and the battle of Get- 
tysburg, and was twice wounded. He served to the close of the 
war. In 1871 he located in "Webster parish. La., and there for a 
time engaged in farming, but later became a contractor and builder 
at Minden. The Adams family came originally from Ireland to 
the United States, locating in Sovith Carolina, from which state 
the Louisiana branch of the family removed to Georgia. William 
Henry Adams' mother, previoiis to her marriage was a Miss Wal- 
lace, and her family came from Scotland to South Carolina, from 
which latter locality the paternal grandmother's branch of the fam- 
ily removed to Georgia. The maternal grandmother, Mrs. Sarah 
Taylor, was a great-granddaughter of a Mr. Duffel, who served as 
a member of Gen. George Washington's personal bodyguard, and 
in tliat capacity was present at the surrender of Gen. Cornwallis 
to Gen. Washington, at Yorktown. Mr. Duffel personally told Mrs. 
Sarah Taylor of this, as well as imparting much other information 
regarding his service iinder Washington, and i\Irs. Taylor, in turn, 
furnished Wallace Holly Adams with this information. The sub- 
ject of this sketch was one of three children liorn to his parents, 
but the other two, a sister and a brother died in infancy. His half 
brother. Dr. il. Herbert Adams, a successful dentist, also lives in 
Jennings. He attended the public schools of the locality in which 
he was born, and later Jeff Davis college, at Minden, La. In 1899 
he entered the Loiiisiana Industrial institute, at Ruston, from 
which he graduated in 1902 with the degree of bachelor of indus- 
try. During the succeeding 5 years he engaged in the fire insur- 
ance business at Jennings, employing his spare time in the study 
of law iinder the direction of J. II. Heinen and Cliarles R. Cline. 
In Sept., 1907, he entered the law department of Louisiana State 
university, from which he graduated with the degree of LL.B. in 
the class of 1909. Immediately following the completion of his 
professional education he began the practice of law at Jennings, 
where he has since remained and devoted his undivided attention 
to legal practice. In June, 1913, he became associated with J. 0. 
IModisette, under the firm name of ^Modisette & Adams, and this 
firm lias remained unchanged to this time and is enjoying a most 
gratifying and rapidly-increasing practice, both members of the 
firm liaving the fullest confidence of the people of the community 
and each being personally held in high esteem throughout a wide 



BIOGRAPHICAL 21 

circle of friends and aequantances. Mr. Adams has been affiliated 
?^th the Democratic party since beginning to exercise the elec- 
W? franchise He Ts a member of the Missionary Baptist church, 
and also the Free and Accepted Masons, Order of the Eastern 
S^ar and the Kappa Sigma fraternity. At this time Mr. Adams is 

"Tueman Lenesse J., of the city of Lafayette, in the parish of 
LafaveTte 'superintendent of the parish public schools, was bom 
March 6 1873, in the parish of Assumption, La.; the son of Nar- 
Sse and Oreila (SimJneaux) Axeman, bo^ natives of Assumv 
tion parish The Allemans are of Spanish origin Ihey 1 ave Deen 
Sden of Louisiana since the Spanish domination m that state. 
The Simoneaux family is of French descent, havmg emigrated 
from e mXr country to Nova Scotia whence, fleeing from 
Brit sh tyranny they iourneved down to Assumption parish, with 
Se Targe body of Lies called "Acadians" that settled in the 
soutiern parishes of the Pelican state, in 1765 Narcisse Al eman 
w^s a merchant At the outbreak of the Civil war he en hsted m 
r Lo^isTImA^liment, and served until the close of -siti lities in 
I8fi^ Ten vears later he removed to St. Mary parisn ana luu 
Jucted a mfi'antile business in Centreville, where he died June 
2 1910 a the age of 69 years. Mrs. Alleman passed away m 
her fortieth vear The subject of this sketch was a member of 
. L,..^^v of 5 sons and an equal number of daughters. He was 
dSS in the"p^^,lirLhools\f Centreville; and at^ the Chr.tjan 
Brothers' college, Memphis, Tenn., graduating m 1892 with the 
£ree of Bachelor of Arts. After having been a school teacher 
t'sevell yeirs, he took a professional course at^ the Louisiana 
State Normal school, from which he graduated m 18Jb. in orciei 
to be better qualified for the profession of teacher, Mr. Alleman 
followed one Term at the Chicago university. He was placed m 
charge of the grammar school at Centreville with only two teacli- 
ers and undei^ his administration the school was advanced o le 
11 tb arade and was issuing certificates to its graduates, entitling 
Jhemfo adrn'sstrto highel institutions, without the formality of 
an ^xlminaTion. Through his efforts a sum of money was raised 
by subs r^ption for the construction of a modern school building^ 
K 1901 Mr Alleman was appointed superintendent of schools 
^Lafayette par sh-the second incumbent of that office under the 
Act of the L^siana legislature of 1898-and remained in service 
until 1907 In the lattfr year he was elected state institute con- 
ductor and assumed the duties in connection with the management 
of ur^mer schools and teachers' institutes. During his admm^ 
ktratiT which continued .until 1912, the membership of the 
c lools 'and institutes was doubled. Again ^f^^fXlkFTof 
of superintendent of the Lafayette parish schools an 1912, Prot. 
Alleman pursued with renewed activity his system of impro e- 
menS pariiculariy in carrying out the provisions of the parish 
r^nanL of 1902^ levying a special tax ^^ .^ - ^^enefi^ o schoo 
extension, and the erection of modern buildings. Twenty-three 
new schools were constructed, containing from 1 to 6 roo^s - 
of these edifices in the city of Lafayette are very large. The pai- 



22 LOUISIANA 

ish was the first to build eonsodilated schools and to transport the 
pupils in wagonettes to and from the places of stiidy. The change 
from old to new methods has been etfected during the excellent 
administration of Prof. Alleman, with the cooperation of able and 
public-spirited officials and the substantial aid and approval of 
the people of Lafayette parish. A high standard of education has 
been established; there is one teacher for not more than four 
grades, and thereafter the pupils are required to attend a cen- 
tral school. There is an approved agricultural high school of the 
consolidated type, with courses in agrici;lture and home econom- 
ics, and having a 10-aere farm and model barn. Another agri- 
cultural high school of a different nature has teachei-s who go to 
the homes of the pupils, to demonstrate the best methods of get- 
ting results from the soil. In two other schools there are home 
economic instructors. In addition, the United States government, 
in conjunction with the parish school board, has a farm demon- 
strator wlio devotes one-half of his time to instructing adults, and 
the other half to teaching the boys and girls in agi'icultural clubs, 
which are organized solely among the school children. Prof. Alle- 
man is a member of the National Educational association; and a 
member and secretary of the Louisiana State Teachers' association. In 
1900 he married Miss Nellie Whitworth, of Iberia parish. They have 
4 children, Ray W., Eleanor, L. J., Jr., and Florence W. Alleman. 

Aiken, John Gayle, M. D., of New Orleans, was born Oct. 16, 
1859, at Charleston, S. C, son of Col. Hugh Kerr Aiken, native 
of Winnsboro, S. C, and IMary R. Gayle Aiken, of Alabama. By 
birtli and family connections. Dr. Aiken is related to the most 
distinguished people in the Southern states. Gov. William Aiken, 
of South Carolina, was grand-uncle of Dr. Aiken, and had the 
distinction of having been one of the first 10 millionaires in the 
Southern states. The town of Aiken, S. C, was named for Gov. 
Aiken's father, who was killed on that spot by a frightened horse. 
John Gayle, maternal grandfather of the subject of this sketch, 
was twice honored by the people of Alabama as governor of the 
state, and twice as judge of the siipreme court. A tablet has been 
erected to his memory in the court-house in Mobile. Gov. Gayle 's 
daughter, Amelia, was the wife of Gen. Josiah Gorgas, chief of 
ordnance in the Confederate States army. His son, Dr. "William 
C. Gorgas, now surgeon-general of U. S., has won international 
reputation through his eminent services in matters of public san- 
itation and hygiene, notably his having rid Havana, Cuba, of yel- 
low fever for the first time in 150 years, and as chief sanitary 
officer of the Canal zone, and in having been consulted by the 
state of Ecuador, South America, on the sanitary condition of 
that country, making a visit there at the special request of the 
government of that state. On several occasions. Dr. Gorgas rep- 
resented the United States at European conventions of physicians. 
Col. Hugh Kerr Aiken, father of Dr. John Gayle Aiken, was born 
in "Winnsboro, S. C"., July 5, 1822, son of David and Nancy Aiken, 
whose family consisted of 7 sons and 2 daughters. Hugh Kerr 
Aiken wa.s reared on the old plantation of his parents and re- 
ceived his education at Mount Zion academy and South Carolina 



BIOGRAPHICAL 23 

college. He engaged in planting, and after a few years moved 
to Charleston, S. C, wliere he was living wlien the Civil war broke 
out. From early youth, he \vas fond of military life, and in 1850 
was elected bi-igadier-general, and afterwards was chosen .succes- 
sor to P. H. Nelson, major-general of South Carolina state troops. 
His sword, presented on that occasion by Gen. Nelson, is among 
the most cherished relics in the keeping of his son, Dr. Aiken. As 
soon as Soiith Carolina seceded from the Union, Col. Aiken en- 
tered the Confederate army, and served on the coast until elected 
colonel of the Sixth South Carolina cavalry. The regiment was 
ordered to Virginia as part of Gen. M. C. Butler's brigade, and at 
the battle of Trevillian Station, Col. Aiken distinguished himself. 
That engagement took place June 11, 1864. The colonel's regi- 
ment lost a great number of men, and he, while leading a charge, 
was desperately wounded, being shot through the body, and the 
bullet grazing one of his lungs. He was taken by the enemy and 
placed in an ambulance, but was rescued by his soldiers and 
carried to the hoxise of Mr. Hunter, near Louisa court-liouse. He 
was l)rought home by his wife and after recovering from liis 
wound, was offered a position of partial retirement in one of the 
departments at Richmond, but he preferred rejoining his regi- 
ment in the field, on the Petersburg lines. Here he daily witnessed 
sorties, desperate fighting, and thunderous bombardments. He 
saw General "Wade Hampton's son shot and unhorsed and killed 
while dashing across the held. Col. Aiken was put in command 
of Butler's brigade, consisting of the 4th, 5th and 6th South Car- 
olina cavalry when it was transferred to the Carolinas to meet 
Sherman's advance. Feb. 27, 1865, he was ordered by General 
Butler to proceed with his troops, down the east bank of Lynch 
creek, to ascertain if any of the Federal army had cro.ssed into 
Darlington, and while in the performance of that duty, received 
a mortal wound, and expired in the arms of his nephew and cour- 
ier, William Cloud Aiken. His brother. Col. D. Wyatt Aiken, came 
out of the war with a fine record, and subsequently represented 
liis state in Congress for several terms. A younger ))rother, A. 
M. Aiken, was a private soldier. Col. Hugh K. Aik(>n was married 
Dec. 15, 1852, to IMary, third daughter of Gov. John Gayle. of 
Alabama. Their surviving child is Dr. John Gayle Aiken, of New 
Orleans. Dr. Aiken received his education at Sewanee university, 
in Tennessee, graduating in 1881. After a residence of a few 
years in ilobile, Ala., where he was engaged in the service of the 
Mobile & Ohio R. R., Dr. Aiken came to New Orleans and entered 
Tulano university, from which he graduated in 1801 ; next going 
to Halmemann Homeopathic college, Chicago, Miiere he graduated 
in 1892. Returning to New Orleans, he began the practice of 
medicine in partnership witli his father-in-law, Dr. William H. 
Holcombe, and continued with him until Dr. Holeombe's death 
in 1893. and practiced alone since, residing in the home wliieh 
Dr. Holcombe had occupied for many years, and whicli he pur- 
chased after Dr. Holeombe's death. Dr. William H. Holcombe 
was born at Lynchburg, Va., May 29, 1825, of an old Virginia fam- 
ily; his grandfather having served in the Continental army, and 



24 LOUISIANA 

his father was a distinguished physician of the old school. Dr. 
"William H. Holcombe was sent to the University of Pennsylvania, 
graduating in 1847. He removed to Cincinnati, and was there 
during a siege of Asiatic cholera, which caused him to become in- 
terested in homeopathy. The great success he met with in his 
esperiments induced him to devote himself to the new school of 
medicine, and he became one of its most talented disciples. Dr. 
Holcombe went to Natchez, Miss., in 1852, and he and his part- 
ner, Dr. Davis, were appointed physicians and surgeons to the 
Mississippi State hospital. In 1864 Dr. Holcombe removed to New 
Orleans, where he made his home until his death, Nov. 28, 1893. 
He was chairman of the Yellow Fever commission in 1878, and 
published an excellent report of the work done during the epi- 
demic of that year. For many years he was one of the editors 
of the North American Journal of Homeopathy, and president of 
the American Institute of Homeopathy in 1876. He was the author 
of several books and treatises, publishing, in 1852, "The Scientifie 
Basis of Homeopathy," and, in 1856, "Yellow Fever, and its 
Homeopathic Treatment." Dr. Holcombe also wrote 2 volumes 
of poetry, and 8 religious works, embodying the doctrines of 
Swedenborg. His last literary composition, "The Truth About 
Homeopathy," was completed a few days before his death. Dr. 
Holcombe was a man of lofty and noble nature, and of tenderest 
charity, a true philantliropist, who won the respect and devotion 
of all who knew him. He married in 1852, Miss Rebecca Palmer, 
of Cincinnati. There were 4 cliiklren ; 3 died in infancy, the sur- 
vivor being ]\Irs. John Gayle Aiken. In religion. Dr. Aiken be- 
longs to the Episcopal faith, being a member of the Christ Epis- 
copal church congregation since his 11th year; and in politics he 
is a Democrat, never actively taking pai-t in public affairs, but 
always exercising the right of suffrage. He east his first vote for 
Tiklen, the Democratic candidate for president of the United 
States, in 1880. In 1882, Dr. Aiken married Tiliss Ada Holcombe, 
daughter of Dr. W. H. and Rebecca (Palmer) Holcombe, of New 
Orleans. Ilis family consisted of 7 children, 1 of whom, Hugh 
Kerr Aiken, died in 1909. The children now living are : William 
Holcombe Aiken, medical student in Tulane university ; John 
Gayle Aiken, in mercantile business; Warwick Aiken, in the cot- 
ton business ; Ralph P. Aiken, who has eontribiited to magazines 
and newspapers ; Charles B. Aiken, at school ; and Edith Aiken, 
a teacher in the kindergarten for the poor children of the city 
of New Orleans. Hugh Kerr Aiken, second son of Dr. Aiken, a 
young man of much promise, graduate of Annapolis naval acad- 
emy, was killed while in performance of duty as a naval officer, 
Jiily 11, 1909, on the United States .steamship. North Carolina, 
while at Naples, Italy. On the occasion of Pres. Taft's visit to New 
Orleans, he referred to Lieut. Aiken in the following words: "Bi;t 
as I stand in the presence of a New Orleans audience, as I stand 
in an academic atmosphere, I cannot refrain from allusion to the 
heroic death recently met by a young, bright, able man of your 
community, Lieut. Aiken of the navy. He saw his dangerous duty, 
and, with his men under him, thoughtful of their safety, he led 




Hugh Kekr Aiken 
Lieut. U. S. Navy 



BIOGRiVPHICAL 25 

them into the place of danger, fell and was overcome, and the only 
thought he had as lie was about to meet his death was, as he asked 
his commanding officer: 'Have I made good?' It is such stan- 
dards of living and of dying that I think are inculcated not only 
at West Point and at Annapolis, but in all academic institutions, 
of which this Tulane is one of the best examples. And I am glad, 
in the presence of his neighbors— the neighbors of his father and 
of his mother, as commander-in-chief of the navy, to pay this 
tribute to his memory." The following beautiful tribute to this 
young officer was published: "There are sorrows of such wide 
significance, that when they come into our midst, the minor chords 
are struck as by a master musician, and the penetrating pathos ot 
the notes find response in every heart. We would not draw aside 
the veil to whom the right belongs to mourn, but we, too, who 
stand without, are dim-visioned from the mists of sympathy We, 
too would add a wreath of laurel to the wreaths already there— 
the' 'honor wreaths' for the 'gallant officer and gentleman, who 
walked in honor's path, and in his youth, ere life's sun had reached 
meridional glow, saluted, at last command— received his passport 
to eternity— and entered into new fields of action, where winged 
souls fly beyond all change, in the eternal distance to perfectexl lite. 
For him, 'all's well.' For those who mourn, 'all's well, for his 
life like a broken column, gleams in unsullied whiteness, un- 
mai'red by stains of sin, or rude chisel of dishonor. The honors of 
'country' and foreign power have been paid him. The flag at 
half-mast— the wreath of honor— the pall of the flowers, bedewed 
by sweet affection. And from the bugle's silver-throat, the long, 
last, farewell note— the call to rest— for 'all's well'— when He 
giveth His Beloved sleep.' A wreath of laurel, to the memory 
of Ensign Hugh K. Aiken, U. S. N., 'gallant officer and gentleman, 
who died in his vouth." The classmates of Lieut. Aiken have 
placed a tablet to his memory at Annapolis Naval academy, upon 
which is inscribed: "In memory of Ensign Hugh Kerr Aiken, 
U. S. N., who was killed in the performance of duty on board the 
United States cruiser. North Carolina, in the Bay of Naples, July 
11 1909 'And so this man died, leaving his death an example 
of' courage, his life a memorial of virtue.' Erected by his class- 
mates of 1906." 

Alexander, Taliaferro, of Shreveport, a leading lawyer, Avas born 
March 17, 1846, in Catahoula parish, the son of John S. Alexander, 
a native of Kentucky, who followed tlie profession of physician 
and in 1842 removed to Louisiana, engaging in the occupation of 
planter. He married Miss Susan Taliaferro, daughter of one of 
the early settlers of the Pelican state, who, with his father, had 
emigrated to Louisiana from Virginia in 1813. Three sons were 
born to Mr. and Mrs. John S. Alexander, their second child bemg 
the subject of this sketch. The Alexanders, of Scotch-Irish de- 
scent rank with the pioneer inhabitants of Kentucky, where Rob- 
ert Alexander, paternal grandfather of Taliaferro Alexander, was 
born. At the age of 30 years, Dr. Alexander died. Reared m his 
native parish; educated in local public schools, and next, a student 
at the Louisiana state imiversity, the younger Alexander entered 



26 LOUISIANA 

the law department of the University of Louisiana (now Tulane), 
and in 1869 received his degree of bachelor of laws. He began the 
practice of his profession in Slireveport, and was A'ei-y successful. 
He was a member of the State Constitutional convention of 1898. 
In 1876 occurred his marriage with i\Iiss Laura Lister, the daugh- 
ter of A. D. Lister. They have one son, Albert L. Alexander, who 
is a lawyer residing in Shreveport, and a graduate of University 
of Virginia, where he received tlie degree of bachelor of laws, in 
1907. 

Alexander, William McFaddin, D.D., LL.D.— New Orleans.— 
^Vas born at tlie old family liomcstead, near Union, ilonroe county, 
Va., (now West Virginia), Nov. 7, 1861; son of Michael Capertou 
Alexander, whose birthplace was the same as that of the son. The 
father was the son of a Virginia planter, but on account of threat- 
ened failing health, removed to Beaumont, Tex., previous to the 
Civil Avar, and there, with his brother and brother-in-law, organ- 
ized the firm of "Ross & Alexander," a lumber and mercantile 
firm which built the first saw-mill at Beaumont. j\Ir. Alexander 
was thus one of the pioneer lumbermen and merchants of the 
Southwest. Mr. Alexander's health was restored, his business 
prospered, and on Dec. 13, I860, he was married in Beaumont, 
to Miss Sarah L. McFaddin, a daughter of William McFaddin, a 
large ranch OAvner of Texas, and Avho served iinder Gen. Sam Hous- 
ton in the army that achieved independence for Texas. He took 
part in the battle of San Jacinto, and Avas present at the capture 
of Santa Anna. William McFaddin 's sons are numbered among 
the Avealthy citizens of Texas, and are prominently identified Avith 
the afi'airs of the Lone Star state. Mr. Alexander in the summer of 
1861, Avitli his bride of a fcAV months, returned to his old Virginia 
home on a visit. While there the Avar-eloud Imrst. and. leaving 
his Avife under his father's roof, he enlisted in the Confederate army 
under Col. Barbee. After a time, 'he Avas paroled on accotint of 
illness. HoAvever, he remained in Virginia during the Avar and for 
four years after the Avar, Avhen he returned to Texas and became 
a planter; later lie became associated Avith a lumber company and 
continued this connection until his retirement from liusiness ac- 
tivities. He died at Beaumont, Fel). 10, 1912, aged 75 years. He 
accumulated a comfortaI)le fortune. He is survived by his AvidoAV, 
one son, Rev. William McFaddin Alexander of Ncav Orleans, and 
one daughter. Miss Sibbie V. The AvidoAv and daughter reside at 
Beaumont. A son and daughter are deceased. Mr. Alexander Avas 
a Presbyterian elder, and came from a long line of Presbyterians 
originally from Scotland. His family is the Virginia branch of 
Alexandei-s, wlio have for gimerations been prominent in church, 
state and nation. As is Avell-kuoAvn, tlie Virginia Alexanders trace 
their descent in direct line back to the Earls of Stirling in Scot- 
land. Stirling is one of the most liistoric spots in Scotland — the 
former seat ol' kings and the "key to the Highlands." The castle, 
the former seat of tlie Alexanders, is still standing and is one of the 
best preserved castles of the United Kingdom and one of the show 
places of Europe. It now l)elongs to the crown by confiscation. 
Sir William Alexander, poet and man of affairs, Avas the last Earl 



BIOGRAPHICAL '^'^ 



^vas John Ervm Alexandel^ gieat-giaadtcUUer P^ ^^^ ^^ ^^.^^^^ 
ander, aud gre^VSJ-^^^t-graudta le. Jan es ^i^^a ^^^ -^.^^^^^ ^^^^^ 
.vere natives ot Vn-gmia. 1 Ie^^o^ ;to ^^^^ Rockbridge-connty, 
James Alexander went tioni A"gi''' j ^^^^^ no 

Va., to Union, Monroe county, '^^^J^^^'f^Xeing a wilderness in- 
such place as Union the ^vh'^l^^ f^"^ e present sight of Union, 
habited only by l-^^ians II seh ted «ie pie g^^ ^^ ^^^^ ^^^ 

cleared and planted a ^-^^^ '.'^^ J^/ J'S his bride, he found the 
borne to be married. On his ^^-J} j^ J^^^.^^^^ The Indians had 
house burned down and the field aid ^^aste^ ^^^^ ^,^^ 

made a raid Nothing ^^^"f;«^;^;;;\Sng in the heart of the 
field replanted, and trom h s o^*^^ly d^^eu ^^^.^ ^^^^^^^ 

^vilderness grew the a"eesti-.a home "J ^ed in the private and 
William McFacldlnAlexanck.r^^ as educated 1 Woodville, 

public schools of Bcauniont n a pnvat^ acacl^ y^^ ^^.^ 
Tex., following which li^^^-^^^^f'' . ?.^ Then he entered Union 
course in Washington and J^ee X^^^\*Jn ' Ta., completing the 
Theological seminary, at Haiupdc^J^idW' p^.^,, t^rian church 
course 1nl887. He then became pa ox of the l^e y ^^.^^.^^^ ^^^ 
at Bainbridge, Ga remaining t eie tlu^ie ^ea .^ ^^^^^^ 

became pastor of the ^\ ^ wf ^fea^- In the summer of 1899, 

phis, Tenn., where he i""^'°^'\^/^f \,ie Prvtania Street Presby- 
he came to New Orleans =« l^^Mor ot the iiytam^ ^^_ 

terian church, which 1- -ntmues ^ ecu y ^^\^^^^ ,,, ,,^, 
. gree of D.D. was «o"^''"^ °,y^;^™ ^ ^..^iversitv and Washington 
week, the Southwestern ? 7^^'^. ff 'l^^, "^Mater In 1911, the de- 
and Lee university, the l«t"^^l\\\^7,i,e University of Georgia, 
gree of LL.D. was conferred on l^f "^^f J "-^^ ^ ..^tlier chary in 
f university that tln'oughout ,ig hj oiy ha e n i a^ ,„,i,,,tiy 
conferring honorary degrees Di- Alexaiiae ^^^^^^^^ .^ ^^^^ 

identiiied^with the; progress of J f- ^^;^^^ ^^..^ed to Miss 
South. On June 24, IbJi, ur. ARXcui. Bower, 

Ceneilla Bower of Georgia a ^augWeo Judge Isaac ^^^ 

^vho for years was judge ot the ^"P'-'" '\.;'";\ ,.^,ech>d bv his son, 
district of Georgia, and ^v^io ;^,«;J^^""^^^^if;'^i J^ een -prominent^ 
Judge Byron B. Bo-er. The Bo.ei famij 1^^^^^^^ ^^^^.^^^ 

in Georgia -"-^^^^^^^l^if participated, as did the great- 
SJaSrSlS: Al^x^ei: D^.\nd Mrs. Alexander have one 
child, a daughter. Miriam Caperton. -^ physician and 

Abramson, Louis, M. D., founder, ."^^'^.^,^,^^'^\;/'^^^^^^ is one 

surgeon of the North Lo"^-^.^, f^^^^ "^, Cadd He was born 
of the leading practitionexs ot tlj^ ^ arisH ot ^J' Abramson, 

July 24, 1868, at Baton Rouge, La the soi^ot^^^a^ ^^^ 

, native of ^--^lowS "h^o u aSHf merchant and after 
in the year 18bU, touo^u (i me "'^"- i i,.io;ti(>cs Mrs. Abramson 
a few years engaged ^-J;^^'''^^Tl^^^^, and is 
(Bertha Salomon , of <-^fT?«"> •/™^^'te ^f 73 years. Dr. Louis 
still living. Her husband clied at tli<^ a^e " ^ ^^ ^ ^ ^^ ^^u- 

Abramson is the fifth - ^ anuly of ^ ^^^^i en i^ea^^^^^^^^ 
cated in the parish of West Baton Kougc, i^ct.. 



28 LOUISIANA 

devotion to his family by seeking and securing employment in 
stores and on plantations in order to help in providing for the 
household. At the age of 23 he began the stiidy of medicine at 
Tulane university, and in 1898, graduated, and immediately 
opened an office in New Oi-leans. In the course of his professional 
studies, Dr. Abramson was interne at the Shreveport Charity hos- 
pital, and at New Orleans charity hospital, serving one year in each 
of these institutions. From New Orleans he removed to Shreve- 
port and became assistant physician in the sanitarium from 1899 
to 1904, when he leased the sanitarium, and managed it during 
three years. The North Louisiana sanitarium was foiuided by 
him in 1907. It is a model curative establishment, equipped with 
the latest appliances in hygiene and sanitation, and is ably man- 
aged by Dr. Abramson, assisted by a corps of trained helpers. 
The doctor is a member of the Shreveport Medical society; the 
Louisiana State Medical society; the American Medical associa- 
tion ; American College of Surgeons ; is a thirty-second degree 
Mason; a Knight of Pythias; and affiliated with the Elks Lodge, 
No. 122, of Shreveport. In 1902, the marriage of Dr. Louis Abram- 
son and Miss Bella Lowenstein took place. Of their imion. 3 sons 
were born : Louis, Paul, and Samuel Abramson. 

Allen, Albert C, attorney-at-law, Franklin, St. Mary parish, La. 
"Was born at Franklin, La., Aug. 23, 1847; son of "William P. and 
Caroline P. (Nixon) Allen, the former of whom was born at Gal- 
latin, Tenn., in 1806, and the latter in the State of Missouri. Both 
parents died at Franklin, the mother in 1879, at the age of 60 
years, and the father in 1889. "When the mother was but 6 years 
old she had started on a trip down the Mississippi river in a boat, 
accompanied by her father, sister and brother. Her mother had 
previously died. "While the party was encamped near IMemphis, 
her father, in crossing the river, was drowned, and the three small 
children left alone. Their situation was reported by fri.endly In- 
dians, and they were taken in charge by white people. Through 
correspondence the relatives of the children were located near 
Franklin, La., and shortly afterward the orphans were carried to 
that place. The father, "William P. Allen, was one of the pioneers 
of Franklin. He located there in 1830, as a contractor, and built 
most of the antebellum sugar houses of St. Mary parish. "When 
the town of Franklin was incorporated, in 1834, ilr. Allen was 
elected the tirst mayor of the municipality. At one time he occu- 
pied the office of coroner of the parish. Albert C. was the 8th 
of 9 children born to his parents, only 3 now living. At the be- 
ginning of the Civil war there were four brothers in the family. 
Benton E. enlisted in Company G, 13th La. infantry. He attained 
the rank of lieutenant, was mortally wounded at the Battle of 
Shiloh, and died in the enemy's hands. Da^ad enlisted in the same 
company and regiment, served to the close of the war, and died 
in 1884. Robert "W. enlisted in the same company as the other 
brothers, but was afterward honorably discharged because of phy- 
sical disability. He later recovered, and enlisted as a member of 
Vinson's Scouts, serving to the close of the war. Albert C. en- 
listed in April, 1864, previous to his 17th birthday, as a member 



BIOGRAPHICAL 29 

of Vinson's Scouts, Gen. Brent's brigade, and served until the 
surrender of his command, on June 10, 1865, 2 months after Gen. 
Lee's surrender. This was due to the fact that the command had 
been sent to Southern Louisiana, and until notified by the com- 
mander of a gunboat that had been sent to that locality, did not 
know of the surrender of Gen. Kirby Smith's army. Previous 
-to his enlistment in the army, the young man had attended private 
schools at Franklin, and in April, 1866, he entered White Creek 
Springs academ.y, completing a 2-year course at that institution. 
Following this, he returned to St. Mary parish, and there taught 
in private and public schools for a time to secure means with which 
to prosecute his further studies. When this had been accomplished, 
he entered the law department of the University of Louisiana 
(now Tulane), from which he graduated in 1871, in the same 
class with Sen. ]\Iurphy J. Foster of Franklin. Following his grad- 
uation, he at once returned to Franklin and began the practice of 
his profession. In April, 1882, Mr. Allen was elected mayor of the 
City of Franklin, and reelected in 1884. While yet mayor, in 1886, 
he was elected district .iudge to fill the unexpired term of Judge 
F. S. Goode, and following this, was successively reelected to that 
station five times, three times without opposition. Judge Allen 
occupied this position longer than has any other man in the his- 
tory of the court — 22 consecutive years, his last term expiring in 
1908. In 1909, Judge Allen was appointed by Gov. Sanders as a 
member of the state Board of Pension Commissioners for Confed- 
erate soldiers, and remains incumbent of that position at this 
time. He has been a life-long democrat, is a member of the Epis- 
copal church, and of the Masonic fraternity, having filled the ex- 
alted station of Grand IMaster of the Masonic Grand Lodge of the 
State of Louisiana from 1898 to 1900, inclusive. At the time of the 
first agitation toward building the beautifi;! new courthouse that 
now adorns the central square of the City of Franklin, Judge Alleu 
was one of the most active workers for the construction of the 
building. He served as a member of a committee appointed to go 
before the police jury of St. Mary parish and request the passage 
of an ordinance authorizing the expenditure of the necessary sum 
of money. The liandsorae structure cost .$125,000, and Judge Allen 
was the first jurist to preside in the new biiilding. His term as 
judge of the district coiu-t expired shortly after the completion 
of the new courthouse. He is now engaged in the practice of law 
in the City of Franklin. Dec. 3, 1874, Judge Allen was married to 
]\riss Katie E. Johnson, of Franklin, a daughter of Cheney John- 
son, one of the pioneers of St. Mary parish. Mr. Johnson removed 
from Maryland and located in St. Mary parish at a time when 
that region was very far from its present state of development. 
He owned and operated a line of boats between Franklin and New 
Orleans before and after the Civil war. During the war he oper- 
ated his boats in the transport service of the Confederate gov- 
ernment. To Judge and IMrs. Allen 6 children have been born, 
namely: Gracie Katie, Herbert G., Edna, Louise, William P., and 
A. C, Jr. The latter died in infancy. 

Andrews, Collin Adams, head of the C. A. Andrews Coal Co., 



30 LOUISIANA 

limited, New Orleans, is a son of W. W. and ilartha (Adams) 
Andrews, and was born June' 8, 1862, at Washington, Ark. W. 
W. Andrews, the father, of Haddom, Conn., traveled by boat to 
New Orleans when 13 years of age. After having lived some years 
at New Orleans, the young man was sent to Washington, Ark., 
and placed in charge of the store of A. Brittin & Co., at that time 
the largest mercantile establishment in Southwest Arkansas. After 
one year in this responsible position, he was taken into partner- 
ship in the store, and continued a resident of that locality through- 
out the remainder of an active and useful life. In addition to 
his diities in the store, he later carried on a real estate and bank- 
ing business until the year 1870, when he disposed of his interest 
in the store, but continued in the real estate and banking business 
until his death, in 1S7.5. ]\Iartha Adams, who became the wife of 
W. W. ^Vndrews and mother of the subject of this sketch, was a 
daiig'hter of Samiiel Adams, of Tennessee. When Martha was 
quite young the family removed from Tennessee to Little Rock, 
Ark., and it was in the latter place that Mr. Andrews first met 
Miss Adams, and there they were married in 1855. This was Mr. 
Andrews' second marriage. His first wife was I\Iiss MoUie Jones, 
who lived only 3 years after their marriage, and left two daugh- 
ters, one of wliom is now the widow of Charles E. Eoyston, and 
the other the widow of William P. Hart. Both are living in Wash- 
ington, Ark., at this time. The children born to Mr. Andrews' sec- 
ond marriage were the following : Mrs. L. E. Gillepsie, of Hope, 
Ark.; W. W. Andrews, of Pine Bluff, Ark.; David Everett An- 
drews, also of the latter city, who died in 1910: Collin A. An- 
drews, the subject of this sketch ; Johnnie Fagau xVndrews, Avho 
died at the age of 4 years : Leo 3Iay Andrews, of Pine Bluif, Ark., 
one of the largest cotton planters in the latter state; Mrs. Lula 
Bell Nichols, of Pine Bluff, Ark., who died in 1909; Mrs. Nora 
Bell Hudson, of Tallahassee, Fla. Some time after the death of 
her husband, Mrs. Andrews was married to Dr. D. S. Mills, of 
Pine Bluff, Ark. She died in 1899. Collin Adams Andrews, the 
son, and subject of this sketcli, lived in the ToAvn of Washington. 
Ark., until he had attained his 14th year, and there attended the 
public schools, after which he entered Morgan's college, at Clin- 
ton, Conn., where he remained 2 years. He then attended Arkan- 
sas State university, at Fayetteville, but after 1 year in the uni- 
versity, entered the Eastman Business college, Poughkeepsie, N. 
Y. After finishing the course at this institution, he returned to 
Arkansas and shortly afterward secured a position at Little Rock 
in the office of the Little Rock, Mississip])i River & Texas R. E. 
After 1 year in this position he was placed in charge of the books 
of the Pulaski Gas Liglit Co., of Little Rock, of which company he 
later became assistant secretary and treasurer, and remained in- 
cumbent of that position about 5 years. At the expiration of this 
time he went to Memphis, Tenn., and started in the coal business 
on the Mississippi river, in Dec, 1889, on his own account. After 
conducting this enterprise 1 year he organized the Walton Coal 
Co., of jVIemphis. From the start this company Avas in a stren- 
uous fight with the old and well-kno\\n firm of Brown & Jones, 



BIOGRAPHICAL 31 

nn,1 after 1 year of this the Walton company sold out to the Pitts- 
bu /coal Co which was a reorganization of the Brovvn i: J u . 
Co At this uncture Mr. Andrews engaged with the GalloNxay 
l^Sal Cl as .^.anager of sales _departn.nt at Me.nph.. 



children weie do u ^^^ ^^^^^^ ^ praetiemg at- 

1888 now the wife of Lieut. W. H. Lassing, of the U. b^ ua^^ , 
ClSo?nrWatkiis Andrews, born at Little Rock ^^^^^^Z- 
and now vice-president and assistant secretary ot «>« C A ^n 
rWv^ roal Co New Orleans; Martha Andrews, born at ^lemphis, 
tZ, 0° t 27,"lS93 .xnd now living at the parental home m N,w 

""Sews, Judge James, prcnninent ««orney and fomer^tri^ 
iudoe Vlcxandria, La., was born m Rapides par sh La., *eb. _^, 
1847-'son of Tames R. and Lucretia (Davidson) Andrews, the for- 
mer of whom was a native of South Carolina and was brought t 
Eoiistna by his parents when about 6 months old He was reaed 

in Rapides parish and there passed his ^^1^«}%1\\*^/^-h^^ f. ",.' 
dying at his plantation home at the age of 6o years H s athei, 
Micdmel Andrews, of Scotch-Irish ancestry, died shortly at ei coni- 
ng to Louisiana. Lucretia (Davidson) Andrews, the mother. ^ as 
a natiN^ of Rapides parish., where her parents were aniong the 
aSy s<Sti:i-s Ihe atJained'the age of about 45 ^ea- and became 
the mother of 7 children,, three ot whom survive at this time 
S me" Andrews was the third son, His bo.rfoodwas^ passed on 
the farm where he attended a private school. Feb. lo, i-^o^>J^} 
t e Se of 17 years, he enlisted in the Confederate army as a pri- 
vate and sevedrom that time to the close of the war Dunng 
ome yars after the surrender he taught % -l^°°\^tmlying nv 
nt the same time, and was admitted to the bar in 1876. Shoitly 
aft rwS 1 e Icgan practice at Alexandria, and has since remained 
S that location From 1892 to 18!)6 he served on the bench as 
distS udge In the course of his professional career he has also 
•ved 8 y frs as district attorney and occupied the o^iee of ma^o 
of Alexandria 1881-82. He has been prominently identified ^Mth 
Jolticriaud public att'airs throughout the period ot b.s residence 
at Alexandria. In 1874 Judge Andrews was married to Miss 



32 LOUISIANA 

Laura Holt, a daughter of John and Catharine Holt, and three 
children have been born to their union, these being Laura, wife 
of Dr. R. 0. Simmons, of Alexandria; James R. and Elmore L., 
of Alexandria. Judge Andrews occupies a prominent position 
among leading attorneys of the State of Louisiana. 

Atkins, John Baxter, who has been for years very prominently 
identified with the business interests of Louisiana, is a native of 
Mississippi, in which state he was born, in Neshoba county, Feb. 
18, 1864. His parents were Joseph Washington and Eleanor (Sav- 
age) Atkins. His father was born in Virginia, reared in Virginia 
and Tennessee, and came to Jlississippi when a young man of 30 
years, and married a native of Mississippi. He became a lawyer 
of prominence and served as judge of his county for many years, 
and for many years was also engaged in planting. He removed 
from Neshoba to Madison county, and died in the latter at the 
age of 73 years. From the age of 8 to 20 years, John Baxter Atkins 
was reared in Madison county, Miss., where he attended the pub- 
lie schools. A common school education he supplemented with a 
commercial course in a business college at IMemphis, and in 1884 
Mr. Atkins became a resident of Louisiana. He located at Knox 
Point, where he began his business career as a clerk in a mercan- 
tile establishment, but it was not long after that we find him in 
business on his own account. Although he began on a limited 
capital as a merchant at Lake End, Red River parish, IMr. Atkins 
became not only a merchant of an enormous voh;me of business, 
bjit a grower and dealer in cotton, ranking among the leading 
cotton planters and dealers in Louisiana, but the boll weevil and 
a very damaging flood, business reverses came, and not only car- 
ried away his fortune, liut business, and after a successfiil career 
of 25 years, Mr. Atkins found it necessary to practically begin 
anew in business; but with the fortitude of strong character he 
settled up his business at Lake End, and removed in 1909 to Shreve- 
port, wliere he at once became identified with business interests 
in a prominent way, the deserved success attending his business 
relations. He is president of the Caddo Oil refinery; president of 
the Gardner Carburetor & Brass works ; president of the Louisi- 
ana Handle factory, and closely identified with several other business 
interests, including that of real estate. In the matter of polities, 
Mr. Atkins has always been a staunch democrat; bore a prominent 
part in the movements resulting in securing for Shreveport the 
commission form of government and in the removing of saloons 
from the city. He is a member of the Methodist Episcopal church, 
Soiith, and is prominently identified with the Masonic fraternity. 
In 1889 IMr. Atkins and IMiss Alma Foster were iinited in mar- 
riage and unto this union were born four children. Mrs. Atkins 
is the daughter of Joshua Foster, a prominent educator and resi- 
dent of Selma, Ala. She was born in Louisiana, reared and edu- 
cated in Loui.siana and Alabama. 

Augustin, Leonce Sumter, was born in New Orleans on Oct. 23, 
1885, tlio sou of Paul Sumter and Noemi (Barbot) Augustin. He re- 
ceived his education in the Notre Dame boys' school, conducted by 
Reverend Mother Mary Borgia, of the Sisters of Mei'cy, and after- 



BIOGRAPHICAL 33 

wards attended the College of the Immaculate Conception, graduating 
in the commercial department of that college in 1905. In 1902, Paul 
Sumter Augustin was called on to teach white men for the Civil Serv- 
ice, and Leonce Sumter Augustin became his assistant. In 1905, Paul 
Sumter Augustin was preventend from coaching persons for the Civil 
Service, being in the Service, and Leonce Sumter Augustin then conti- 
nued the work. In 1907, when the Public Night School's Civil Service 
class was opened, Leonce Sumter Augustin applied for, and secured, 
the position of head coach in the work, continuing as such until the 
fall of 1913, when the demands on his time as the head of the Augustin 
commercial college required his abandoning the other work. In 1905, 
Leonce Sumter Augustin became engaged as assistant bookkeeper of 
the Augustin grocery, continuing as such until the business was closed 
in 1906. He then devoted all his attention to teaching, and began to 
perfect himself in English, arithmetic, stenography and bookkeeping. 
In 1912, he enrolled in the teachers' department of the Gregg short- 
hand school, completing this course in a very short time. In that year, 
he added the commercial department, and the name of the institution 
bearing his name (The Augu.stin College) is now looked upon as one of 
the best of its line. The first graduation exercises were held July 1, 
1913, at which over one hundred persons attended the exercises. 
Leonce Sumter Augustin has no political adherence. He is a member 
of the Roman Catholic church, and is a member of the Holy Name and 
St. Vincent de Paul Societies. On June 8, 1910, he was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Marie Bayhi, the daughter of Eugene Bayhi and the late 
Emma Tiblier. There are, at this writing, seven assistant teachers and 
over 125 students enrolled in the college. 

Baker, William Chapman. — District attorney, Franklin, St. 
Mary pari.sh. La., was born on a farm in Copiah county, near Hazle- 
hurst. Miss., June 6, 1878; son of Everard Green Baker, a native of 
Jefferson county. Miss., and a planter and farmer of Jefferson, Panola, 
and Copiah counties of that state. The father served in the Confed- 
erate Army from the beginning to the end of the civil war, as a mem- 
ber of a Mississippi regiment. He was a graduate of Bardstown Uni- 
versity, Kentucky, and a man of unusual culture and refinement. His 
fortune, like that of many others of the time, was greatly depleted by 
the ravages of the civil war. The father died in March, 1889. Everard 
Green Baker was married to Miss Sally Plemming, a daughter of 
John Flemming, who came from Scotland and located in Adams coun- 
ty. Miss., where he had large land interests which are yet in the fam- 
ily. Sally, his daughter, mother of William Chapman Baker, was born 
in Adams county. Miss., and is at this time living at Hazlehurst, that 
State. Everard Green Baker was twice married, his first marriage 
haying been ■'o Miss Laura Alexander. Five children resulted from 
this first union, three sons and two daughters. To his second marriage 
fourteen children were born. Fifteen of the father's children grew to 
maturity, and thirteen are living at this time. William Chapman 
Baker, who was so named for a Grand Rapids, Mich., cousin of his 
father, attended a country school, one-and-a-half miles from his home, 
for two short terms — nine months in all. When thirteen years old he 
ran away from home, making his way to Raymond, Miss., where a 
brother-in-law, W. W. Dawning by name, held the ofiBce of Clerk of 
III— 3 



34 LOUISIANA 

the County com-t. The lad became a elevk iu the store of J. S. Arm- 
strong, and there remained until Sep. 21, 1896, when he secured the 
position of overseer on the plantation of J. K. G. Kitridge, in As- 
sumption parish, La., occupying this place until the autumn of 1899. 
At the latter date he removed to St. Mary parish, accepting a place as 
assistant overseer to J. E. Munson, who was overseer for L. S. Clark, 
on what is now the Lagenda Plantation, near Patterson. He continued 
in this latter place until June 1901, when he was commissioned as man- 
ager for Capt. J. N. Pharr, on Faiiwiew Plantation, for one year, fol- 
lowing this with a summer vacation spent visiting relatives. In the 
autumn of 1902, Mr. Baker entered the ofSce of Judge Charles 
O'Neill, at Franklin, now associate Justice of the State Supreme court 
and began the study of law. After six months of study his finances be- 
came so low that he was forced to seek some means for replenishing 
his pocketbook, and securing a notarial commission he went to Morgan 
City and opened an offlee as a notary public. The notary business 
proved equal to the occasion, and all time that was not re(|uired for 
making affidavits he frugally applied to the private study of his law 
books. This progressed so well that some time during the winter of 
1905 he passed an examination before a committee of the Opelousas 
Bar Association, and in March of 1906 was examined before the su- 
preme court and obtained a certificate entitling him to practice law. 
He at once became a practicing attorney of Morgan City, and resided 
there until Jan. 1, 1909, when his office was changed to Franklin. In 
1908 Mr. Baker was a candidate for the state legislature, but failed 
to poll a sufficient number of votes to put him in the house of represen- 
tatives. In 1912 he became a candidate for the office of district at- 
torney, and was elected without opposition. Sept. 20, 1904, Mr. Baker 
was married to Miss Eva Gray, a daughter of C. S. Gray of Morgan 
City, La. They have one child, Everard Winchester, born July 26, 
1905. Mr. Baker is an independent democrat, and a member of the 
Episcopal church. 

Bakewell, Rev. Alexander Gordon. — Residence, 1619 South Ram- 
part street. New Orleans, La. — Was born at Louisville, Ky., Dec. 16, 
1822; son of Thomas Woodhouse and Elizabeth Rankin (Page) Bake- 
well, l)oth of whom were born iu England, and came to the United 
States about the beginning of the nineteenth century. The paternal 
and maternal grandparents, William Bakewell and Beniamin Page, 
established the first ghissmaking plant in the United States, at Pitts- 
burg, Pa., in 1808, and this jiroperty remained in the family until 
quite recently. Au ancestor, whose name also was William Bakewell, 
was one of the founders of the science of geologv'. He lived in P]ng- 
land. Another of the family ancestors occupied the office of Lord 
Mayor of London, and it was he who, upon a memorable occasion, sup- 
plied means to Charles II. Members of the Bakewell family were in 
banking business in London during many generations. In 1808 Thomas 
Woodhouse Bakewell, the father, moved to New Orleans and there 
established himself in mercantile business, which he continued until 
the beginning of the war of 1812, when he moved to Louisville. Ky. 
While living in the latter city he built the first steamboat to ply be- 
tween Louisville and New Orleans. Later he moved to Covington, 
Ky., and from there to Cincinnati, where his death occurred. His pro- 



BIOGRAPHICAL 35 

fession was that of a shipbuilder and foimdryman. Alexander Gor- 
don Bakewell was educated at Elizabeth college, Island of Guernsey. 
In early life he was engaged in mercantile pursuits, having received 
a commercial education in the house of Francisco de Lizardi, at New 
Orleans, with which business he became associated in 1839, upon his 
return from college. At the beginning of the Civil war he enlisted as 
orderly sergeant and lay reader in Company Five, Washington ar- 
tillery, and on March 6, 1862, went to the front. He took part in the 
battle of Shiloh, and in all the engagements from Dalton down to At- 
lanta. After having been honorably discharged from the Confederate 
service, he re-entered the army of the Confederacy as chaplain, with 
a commission from the Confederate States Government, and was as- 
signed to duty in the Seventh and Twenty-Eig'ht Mississippi battal- 
ions at Snyder's Bluff, near Vicksburg. In this connection he served 
throughout the siege of Vicksburg, and after the surrender of the 
army there was paroled. After exchange he served with his command 
as above stated to the close of the war and was paroled at the sur- 
render of the army of the Tennessee, at Gainesville, Ala., May 12, 
1865. He then returned to New Orleans, where he has since lived, with 
the exception of 15 years passed in the parishes of East and West 
Feliciana, La. He was ordained as Deacon in the Protestant Epis- 
copal church by Bishop Wilmer, of Alabama, May 13, 1864, aud or- 
dained as Priest by the same bisliop. May 7, 1S65. Upon his return 
to New Orleans after the war, he took c'harge of Mt. Olivet chui'ch, 
Algiers, where he remained during several years. Following this he 
was rector of the church at Clinton, La., during three years, and 
thereafter Rector of Grace church, St. Francisville, La., until 1884, 
when he took charge of Trinity chapel, New Orleans, where he has 
since remained, being at this time incumbent of that charge. Rev. 
Bakewell is affiliated with the democratic party. He is a Master Ma- 
son and chaplain of Alpha Home Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons. 
Also, he is chaplain-general of the United Confederate veterans, Lou- 
isiana division. In 1847 A. Gordon Bakewell was married to Miss 
Sophie Cuvellier, daughter of Charles and Virginia (Coigner) Cu- 
vellier of New Orleans, La., and three children have been born to 
their union, namely: Theore H., Emma, and Annie Bakewell, the 
first aud last-named of whom are now deceased. 

Barbe, Judge Alfred Michael, district judge of the Fifteenth Judi- 
cial district of Louisiana, resident at Lake Charles, was born at 
the old family home, on the south side of Lake Charles, La., Jan. 
29, 1S78 ; son of Charvais Barbe, who was born at Paris, France, in 
1835, and came to America in 1853, landing at Galveston, Tex., where 
a first cousin. Bishop Oden, first Bishop of the Diocese of Galveston, 
then lived. Shortly thereafter he located in Calcasieu parish. La., and 
there entered the service of Amedee Pujo, later becoming his partner 
inbusiness at Rose Bluff. He married his partner's oldest daughter. 
Miss Clara Pujo. During the Civil war he was taken by the Federal 
soldiers to New Orleans, as a prisoner, although he was not serving 
as a soldier, and while in the latter city he began the study of medi- 
cine, at the Charity hospital, from which institution in due time he 
gi-aduated and later began practice on Bayou Lafourche. After a 
time, however, he returned to Lake Charles, and during the recon- 



36 LOUISIANA 

struction period served as postmaster of that cit,y. Some time later 
lie purchased the Piijo store, and for a time conducted this hiisiness. 
He served, also, as parish assessor. During his later years he lived in 
retirement at the old home place, Shell Beach, an eighteeu-hundred- 
acre property, where his widow now resides. Ten children were born 
to their union, eight of whom are living at this time, as follow : Con- 
stance, Claudia, Clarence, Henrietta, Alfred Michael, Paul J., Louis 
D., and Ernest. Alfred Michael Barbe received his earlier education 
in the convent of the Sisters of the Holy Cross, at Lake Charles. In 
1897 he graduated from the Saint Louis college, San Antonio, Tex., 
with the degree of A. B., following which he studied law in the ofifices 
of A. R. Mitchell during one year, and then entered the law school of 
Tulane university, New Orleans, from which he graduated with the 
class of 1900. During the time of his attendance at Tulane he served 
as secretary to Justice N. C. Blanchard, of the Louisiana supreme 
court. In tlie same year in which his professional education was com- 
pleted, he ))egan the practice of law at Lake Charles, where he has 
.since remained resident and devoted his abilities to the interests of 
his clients. He is a member of the Roman Catholic church and affili- 
ates with the democratic party. In 1901 he was elected as one of the 
two judges of the Fifteenth Judicial district, comprising Allen, Beau- 
regard, Calcasieu, Cameron, and Jefferson Davis parishes. His oppo- 
nents in this contest were Joseph Moore, A. R. Mitchell, J. S. Too- 
mer, and R. M. Oden, all recognized as strong men. Judge Barbe is 
a thoroug'h sportsman, and passes most of his spare time in fishing 
and hunting, both of which sports are excellent in this part of Loii- 
isiana. Judge Barbe is a descendant of two of the oldest and most 
distinguished families in Louisiana, and is a worthy representative 
of his ancestors. 

Barret, Hon. Thomas C, lieutenant-governor of Louisiana, is a 
splendid type of self-made citizen. He has been honored with many 
positions of public trust, and has a place in the front ranks of the 
prominent and successful men of the bar of Louisiana. In every re- 
sponsibility of life, public or private, Jlr. Barret has acquitted him- 
self admiral)ly. He has won public esteem as much for the exemplary 
character of liis private citizenship as for the value to the interests of 
the people of his public service. Thomas C. Barret was born in 1860. 
His father was W. W. Barret, a native of Virginia. His mother's an- 
cestors were pioneers in the work of freeing Texas. Their names are 
perpetuated in the names of the towns and counties of that state, such 
as Leander Smith, Thomas J. Rusk and others. W. W. Barret, the 
father, was a major of cavalry in the Confederate service and was 
among the last to surrender with Kir])y Smith's corps. Mr. Barret 
took his law course at Tulane university, New Orleans, then the Uni- 
versity of Louisiana ; was admitted to the bar by examination before 
the supreme court in 1886 and has been a practitioner at the Shreve- 
port bar ever since. Up to 1896 Mr. Barret held tlie offices of treasurer 
of the Caddo parish school board, and parish treasurer. In that 
year he was chosen state senator from his district, and served in that 
capacity continuously for sixteen years. In 1908 Mr. Barret was 
elected president pro teni of the State Senate. He was a member of 
tlie port investigation commission, which did so much for the import 



BIOGRAPHICAL 37 

and export trade of New Orleans ; served for many years as chairman 
of the Senate's Finance Committee, and was an important factor in 
bringing before the Interstate Commerce Commission the question of 
removing the ban of Texas against Louisiana commerce. In the elec- 
tion of 1812 Mr. Barret was chosen Lieut.-Governor. He presides 
over the Senate by virtue of that important office, and is a member of 
the important State Pardon Board. 

Barrow, Sidney Conroy, M. D., a prominent member of the med- 
ical profession at Shreveport, is a native of West Feliciana par- 
ish, La., where he was born Nov. 22, 1876, the son of Hilliard B. 
Barrow and Mary Charlotte (Smith) Barrow, both natives of the 
above parish. William Barrow, the great-grandfather of Dr. Bar- 
row, was the first of the family to come to Louisiana, he and three 
of his brothers moving from North Carolina about the same time, 
all settling in West Feliciana parish. Bennett H. Barrow, the 
grandfather of Dr. Barrow, was a planter, which has been the 
occupation of most of the family. Hilliard B. Barrow, his father, 
also a planter, is a veteran of the Civil war, and fought valiantly 
for the cause of the Confederacy during the entire struggle. He 
is the father of 4 sons and 2 daughters, all of whom were reared 
amid the scenes of plantation life. Dr. Barrow was educated in 
Centenary college, at Jackson, La., from which institution he grad- 
uated in the class of 1896. He then taught school for 2 years, and 
in order to prepare himself for the medical profession, entered the 
Memphis Hospital IMedieal college, Memphis, Tenn., and received 
his degree of M. D. in 1901. For the next 5 years he successfully 
practiced medicine at Torras, La., and then he took up post-grad- 
uate work in the School of Physical Therapeutics, New York City, 
and in 1906 located at Shreveport, where he has won an enviable 
reputation as a specialist in physical therapeutics. He is a mem- 
ber of the Shreveport and Loiiisiana State Medical societies, of the 
American Electro-Therapeutic society. Fraternally he is a Master 
Mason. In 1902 he was united in marriage to Miss May Allain of 
West Feliciana parish. They have one child living, a daughter 
named Sidney. 

Barry, James Edward, of Crowley, La., the dean of the bar of 
Acadia parish, and the oldest, in years of practice, among the law- 
yers of the district, was born Jan. 19, 1844, in Bossier parish; the 
son of Edward Barry, who came to Louisiana from Norfolk, Va., 
(where he was born in 1808) and after passing some time in Texas, 
settled in Bossier parish. La., about 1838. He had practiced law 
in his native state, but taught school for some time in Texas before 
locating at Minden, La., which was on the parish line between Bossier 
and Claiborne parishes. Later, removing to Columbia, La., he was 
elected district attorney, and later, district .iudge for the parishes 
of Catahoula, Caldwell and Franklin, serving during 8 years. Ed- 
ward Barry was a widower when he left Virginia. A few years after 
locating in Bossier parish, he contracted a second marriage with 
Miss Martha Fletcher, a native of Chautauqua county, N. Y., who 
died in Caldwell pai'ish, in 1889, in her 71st year. After leaving 
the bench. Judge Barry resumed the practice of law, and died in 
1867, in Caldwell parish. His father, James Barry, had emigrated 



38 LOUISIANA 

from Ireland to Virginia, and was a merchant. James Edward 
Barry, the subject of this sketch, was educated in private schools 
in Caldwell parish. In 1863 he enlisted in the Confederate army, 
as a private in Company C, 3d La. volunteer cavalry, serving in 
the division west of the Mississippi river, for the greater part of . 
his enlistment, in the commissary department until the close of 
the Civil war. He was paroled at Alexandria, then went back 
home, and engaged in various occupations, including 2 years as 
a farmer in Caldwell parish. Henry Clay Warmoth, at that time 
governor of Louisiana, appointed Mr. Barry to be clerk of court, 
filling an unexpired term of 3 years, at the expiration of which he 
was elected for 4 more years. While occupying the ofiSce of parish 
judge, which was' abolished by the state constitution of 1879, he 
passed an examination before the supreme court, and was adndtted 
to the practice of law in 1881. In Caldwell parish. Judge Barry 
was parish treasurer, and also served as president of the parish 
school board. Having been impressed by the glowing accounts of 
prosperity in the recently-created parish of Acadia, he removed 
to Crowley in 1886, and the following year his family joined him. 
As advisor to the police jury he tirst made his entry into public 
life in Acadia parish, and in 1889 was elected superintendent of the 
parish public schools, a position he filled with great ability for 17 
years, laying the foundation for the excellent .system now in vogue. 
The schools grew in number; the standard for teachers was im- 
proved, and modern methods were introduced. While serving as 
superintendent. Judge Barry was elected mayor of Crowley for 
1 term. It was during his administration that the waterworks 
system and standpipe were constructed. In 1875, occurred the 
marriage of Judge Barry and Miss Mary Ijongmire, born in East 
Feliciana. Their family consisted of 11 children, 6 of whom are 
living : J. Frank, residing at Crowley ; Mary Celeste, wife of 
Frank A. Nassans, of New Orleans ; Louis B., of Katy, Tex. ; Amy 
L., Kate, and Joseph B. Barry, residing at Crowley. Judge Barry 
is affiliated with the democratic party, and is a member of the 
Koman Catholic church. 

Bath, Abraham E., cashier of the Merchants' & Farmers' bank, 
of Natchitoches, La., was born at Natchitoches, March 7, 1878; 
son of Hyman and Emily (May) Bath. In early manhood Hyman 
Bath emigrated from Germany to Louisiana and established him- 
self in Natchitoches as a merchant. His wife, a native of Louisi- 
ana, is still living, but Mr. Bath died when about 63 years of age. 
The subject of this biography was educated in public primary and 
grammar schools of his native town, and completed his studies 
at the Louisiana State Normal school, Natchitoches, graduating in 
1898. After teaching school for 5 years, Mr. Bath was elected, 
in 1906, superintendent of the parish schools. He held that po- 
sition during 7 years, when he resigned to accept the cashiership 
of the Merchants & Farmers' bank, which was organized in 1913, 
with a capital of $50,000, to do a general banking business. Judge 
W. T. Cunningham is ])resident of the bank, Jeff Deblieu, first vice- 
president, and Abraliam E. Bath, cashier. In the preliminary work 
of launching the bank, Mr. Bath took a very active part, and he is 



BIOGRAPHICAL 39 

proud of the distinction of having been chosen to fill the respon- 
sible position 'he now holds in the prosperous financial institution 
created and conducted by home capital and prominent citizens of 
Natchitoches. In ilasonic circles, ilr. Bath is affiliated with the 
Ro.yal Arch chapter. His marriage to ]\Iiss Ethel Smith, a native 
of Natchitoches, daughter of S. J. and Sarah (Reynolds) Smith, 
was solemnized in 1907. Mrs. Bath was reared and educated in 
'her native town. One son, Joseph Reynolds Bath, has come to 
bless the home. 

Battle, Rev. Charles Alexander, son of C. W. Battle, a native of 
CuUoden, Ga., and Laura D. (Thompson) Battle, was born in Cul- 
loden, Ga., April 8, 1882. The Battle family lived in the same lit- 
tle Georgia town for generations, and were very prominent people 
there before the Civil war. C. W. Battle was a planter and cotton 
merchant most of his business life, but also conducted a general 
mercantile establishment in Alexander City, Ala., from 1900 to 
1903, and then returned to his native town in Georgia and con- 
tinued his old line. Laura D. Thompson was the daughter of C. 
A. Thompson, of Perry, Ga. She was married to Mr. Battle, Dec. 
30, 1880, and died Feb. 27, 1894. Mr. and Mrs. C. "W. Battle were 
the parents of 5 sons, viz. : C. A., the subject of this sketch ; Wil- 
liam R., Calvin "W., Jr., Buford D. and Laurie I. H. Charles A. 
Battle spent his youth in Culloden, Ga., until 16 years of age. Dur- 
ing 9 years of this time, he pursued the studies of common school, 
and then went to Emory College, at Oxford, Ga., for a short time 
and afterward attended and graduated at Young Harris college, 
in 1901, Avith the degree B. A., when 19 years old. He was then 
for some time at the head of the store in Alexander City, Ala. 
After the family moved back to Culloden, Ga., Mr. Battle went to 
Vanderbilt university, which he left in 1907 and received from 
that institution the degree B. D. He also took some work in the 
University of Chicago. In Dec, 1907, he entered the Louisiana 
conference of the Methodist Episcopal church. South, and was 
appointed pastor at Jennings, La., which church he served 3 
years. Then he went to the church at Lafayette for one year, when 
'he was called to the Felicity Street Methodist Episcopal church, 
in New Orleans, where he has been for 2- years as pastor. Mr. 
Battle is a member of the Masonic order. He was married Sept. 
2, 1909, to Miss Annie Laura of Lafayette, Ala., daughter of Zach 
Schiiessler, a leading merchant in that town, who died in 1909, 
leaving a large estate to his family. Mr. and IMrs. Battle have 
one son, Charles A., Jr. 

Beer, Ferdinand, president of the New Orleans & Central Amer- 
ican Trading Co., limited, was born in Germany, April 8, 1845 ; 
came to America at an early age, and while yet a young man be- 
came engaged in the dry goods business in the City of New Or- 
leans. This business prospered, and he continued conducting it 
about 10 years, at the expiration of which time he disposed of the 
dry goods business and became identified with cotton interests, 
remaining in this latter connection a number of years. He then 
organized tlie New Orleans & Central American Trading Co., lim- 



40 LOUISIANA 

ited, was made president of the company, and remained in this 
executive position until the time of his death, which occurred at 
New Orleans, Jan. 22, 1909. It was in his active executive con- 
nection with this latter company that Mr. Beer found his most 
important life work, and it was largely through his sagacious 
leadership and instrumentality, backed by his boundless energy 
and far-reaching activities, that this corporation became known 
as one of the most prominently aggressive of the various combina- 
tions and commercial institutions engaged in Central American 
trade and the settlement of Central American states. So promi- 
nent did he become in connection with this great commercial work, 
and so highly appreciated were the practical benefits of his in- 
telligently-directed efforts, that When the news of his death 
reached Bluefields, Nicaragua, which had been his Central Amer- 
ican headquarters, the leading business men of that city called 
a public meeting at the principal club house, at which appropri- 
ately appreciative resolutions were adopted and embodied in a 
fitting memorial, which was forwarded to the family at New Or- 
leans. At the same time every business place in the city of Blue- 
fields was closed for the day, as a fitting mark of respect to the 
memory of Ferdinand Beer. It was during the earlier part of Mr. 
Beer's active business career that he was married to Miss Emma 
Friedlander, a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Friedlander, of 
New Orleans. To this union 5 children were born, 3 sons, Alfred, 
Victor, Scott E., and Joseph W., and 2 daughters. Lea, now Mrs. 
Samuel H. Stern, and Clara, now ]\Irs. W. J. Voges, all of New 
Orleans. Messrs. Alfred Victor and Joseph W. Beer succeeded to 
the management of their father's Central American business fol- 
lowing his death, and continued in this joint management until 
the business had been fully liquidated, when Joseph W. Beer en- 
tered the same line of business on his own account, and has so 
continued to this time, while Alfred Victor Beer then entered upon 
and has remained actively engaged in the export and commission 
business, both gentlemen maintaining offices and general head- 
quarters in the City of New Orleans, where the last-named of the 
two enjoys the distinction of being Danish consul to Nicaragua. 
He is affiliated with the congregation of Temple Sinai, at New Or- 
leans, and is a member of Bluefields Lodge, No. 875, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons; New Orleans Lodge of the Benevolent & Protec- 
tive Order of Elks, and Crescent City Lodge, No. 182, Indepen- 
dent Order of B'Nai Brith. Scott E. Beer, after completing his 
education at Tnlaue and Harvard universities, entered upon the 
practice of law in the City of New Orleans, where he has built up 
a gratifyingly desirable clientele and is accorded general recog- 
nition as an able member of the bar. Scott E. Beer married Miss 
Amalia "Wolfson, of Columbus, Ga., and they have one daiighter, 
Clara May. Joseph W. Beer is a prominent member of the various 
Masonic bodies of New Orleans, as well as the Benevolent & Pro- 
tective Order of Elks, and several other popular fraternal organ- 
izations, and holds membership in both Temple Sinai and Touro 
Synagogue. His wife formerly was Miss Beulah Strauss, a daugh- 
ter of JMr. and IMrs. Leoj^old Strauss, of Mobile, Ala. They have 













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lldN. ilAKTIX JtKlIRJIAX 

Mayor, New Orleans 



BIOGRAPHICAL 41 

2 sons, namely : John Strauss and Ferdinand. Alfred Victor Beer 
at this time is unmarried. 

Behrman, Hon. Martin, mayor of the City of New Orleans, was 
born in New York City, Oct. 14, 1864; son of Henry and Fredreca 
Behrman. His parents removed to New Orleans in the year 1865, 
when the son was less than 1 year old. Soon afterward the father 
died, the mother surviving only until the boy had attained his 
12th year, at which early period in life the lad was thrown upon 
his own resources and began the battle on his own account. His 
educational advantages were thus limited to some attendance at 
the public schools, and shortly following the death of his mother, 
the young man began his business career as clerk in a retail gro- 
cery store. Some time later, by diligence and enterprise, he ad- 
vanced in the scale of employment to a position in a wholesale 
grocery house, and finally, at the age of 19, he became a trav- 
eling salesman. During the succeeding 2 years he sold groceries 
on the road. IMeantime the young salesman had extended his ac- 
qviaintance, and had become somewhat popular among men of in- 
fluential connections, and ultimately he was appointed a deputy 
assessor of the fifth district of the City of New Orleans. He filled 
this position with conspicuous energy and fidelity 4 years, fol- 
lowing which the deputy was advanced to the position of assessor 
for the district. This station was filled in a like satisfactory man- 
ner, and the assessor next became president of the board of asses- 
sors for a term of 4 years. Following this, in 1892, he became clerk 
of the city council, remaining encumbent of this office 4 years. In 
April, 1904, Mr. Behrman was elected state auditor, and entered 
upon the duties of this important position, which he filled with his 
u.siial ability until the date of resignation to become mayor of the 
City of New Orleans, to which trust he was elected in Dec, 1904. 
Mayor Behrman was reelected to succeed himself in 1908, and 
again in 1912, being now serving his third term. He was the last 
to be elected mayor under the old convention plan, the first under 
the primary system, and first under the commission form of city 
government. He was a member of the city school board from 1892 
to 1896, inclusive, and for 8 years was chairman of the democratic 
congressional central committee for the 1st congressional district 
of Louisiana. He served as a delegate-at-large from Louisiana to 
the democratic national conventions of 1908 and 1912, being chair- 
man of his state delegation in 1908. In 1887 Mayor Behrman was 
married to i\Iiss Julia Collins, of Cincinnati, 0. The mayor is a 
member of several fraternal orders, such as the Knights of Co- 
lumbus, Knights of Honor, Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks, 
the Young Men's Gymnastic club, tlie French Opera club, the 
Choctaw club. Chess, Checkers & Whist, Southern Yacht club, 
German Benevolent association, Driiids, Woodmen of the World, 
and other fraternal and social organizations. Of fine physique, 
pleasing personality, genial manner and graceful bearing, easy of 
approach, and always ready to lend a hearty and efficient coopera- 
tion in any worthy or commendable enterprise, enjoying a pe- 
culiarly secure place in the confidence of the public and the well- 
merited esteem of the common people, it is in no wise difficult to 



42 LOUISIANA 

account for Mayor Behrman's steady climb from near-dependence 
and obscurity to a position of security and eminence among his 
fellowmen, and it is entirely within tlie range of probabilities that 
this broad-minded, conscientious, and able citizen will yet attain 
even greater honors at the hands of the people whose interests he 
has guarded in so eminently satisfactory a manner. 

Belden, J. Webster, M. D., successful and widely known physi- 
cian of New Orleans, is the son of Dr. James G. and Arabella E. 
(Treat) Belden, and was born in this city, Oct. 10, 1856. His 
father, for many years a physician of high standing, was a native 
of Moscow, N. Y., and his mother was born at Palmyra, that state. 
The Belden family, of English descent, can boast of an American 
citizenship of nearly 3 centuries, dating from the year 1640. Dr. 
Belden 's great grandfather, John Belden, was an officer in the 
American army during the Revolutionary war. His great grand- 
mother, Ann Webster, was a sister of Noali Webster, the eminent 
American lexicographer. His grandfather, Ebenezer Belden, with 
Noah Webster, his uncle, was the publisher of Webster's diction- 
ary, Webster's spelling book, and a daily newspajjer in New York 
City, the first daily paper issued in this country. Though not a 
politician. Dr. James G. Belden was elected state treasurer of Lou- 
isiana in 1864. For nearly half a century he was a prominent fig- 
ure in the social and professional life of New Orleans, and followed 
here a long and honorable career. Dr. James Webster Belden was 
educated at Fairchilds academy, Flusliing, L. I. ; the Moravian 
institute, Philadelphia ; Tulane ^Medical college, at New Orleans, 
and the New York Homeopathic college. He has been a practicing 
physician in New Orleans for more than a quarter of a century, 
following his father's profession and emulating his example. Dr. 
Belden married, JMarcli 31, 1891, ]\Iiss Lucy B. Whitall, daughter 
of Rev. Charles West and Harriet (Harding Barnett) AVhitall, of 
New Orleans. One child, Webster Whitall, was born to this union, 
Oct. 23, 1892. Dr. Belden is a member of the democratic party 
and thougli not actively identified with political movements, he 
takes a deep interest in all those questions wliich concern the 
moral and material advancement of the people. He was appointed to 
membership on the state board of medical examiners by Gov. Foster 
in 1895, a position he has continiied to hold through successive reap- 
pointment to the present time. In religion he adheres to the prin- 
ciples of the Episcopal church, and is a member of Trinity con- 
gregation. As a member of the Round Table club, of the South- 
ern Homeopathic association, and the New Orleans Homeopathic 
association, he finds opportunity for social and professional ad- 
vancement, in wliich he is always a leader. 

Bell, Thomas Fletcher, well-known attorney and jurist, Shreve- 
port, La., was bom in Lancaster county, Va., Aug. 24, 1836, and 
died at Shreveport, La., Nov. 14, 1912. He was a son of James 
Lewis Bell, a native of Virginia and of Scotch descent. The mother, 
previous to her marriage, was a Miss Sherman, of an old Virginia 
family. She died when the son was about 10 years old. In 1839, 
when the son was 3 years old, the family removed to Cooper county, 
Mo., and there located on a farm, where the childhood and youth 




Ji'Dcio 'I'iKiMAs 1<'i,i:tciii:k IJell 



BIOGRAPHICAL 4^i 

of the boy were passed. He attended the public schools and later 
graduated from the University of Missouri, following which he 
entered the Lebanon Law school (Tennessee) and in due time 
graduated from that institution with the degree of LL. B. He 
Avas admitted to practice before the supreme court of Tennessee in 
1858. Shortly following his admission to the bar he located at 
Kansas City, Mo., and was there engaged in the jjractice of law 
when the Civil war came on. In 1861 he enlisted in the Confed- 
erate army and served throughout the war, chiefly as captain on 
the staff of various commanders. He surrendered at Shreveport, 
and a short time thereafter visited St. Louis on a prospecting tour, 
but determining that he could not subscribe . to the oath then 
required of attorneys, he returned to Louisiana and settled in 
De Soto parish as a farmer. There he was married to Miss Sallie 
Ross. Subsequently he removed to Shreveport, and when the 
political disabilities had been removed began the practice of law 
in that city, this being in the year 1867. He served as superintend- 
ent of the Caddo parish public schools for several years, and after- 
ward resumed the practice of law there, where he continued to 
reside until the time of his death. He was associated in the prac- 
tice of law for many yeai-s with E. H. Randolph, a recent presi- 
dent of the Louisiana State Bar association. He was appointed 
adjutant-general by Gov. Nicholls and reappointed by Gov. Poster. 
He was appointed judge of the First District court of Louisiana 
in 1903 and elected to succeed himself in that position in 1904, re- 
elected in 1908 and again in 1912, but died before receiving his 
commission for the latter term. He was very active in the anti- 
lottery movement, which resulted in the overthrow of the Louisiana 
state lottery. He also served as chairman of the suffrage commit- 
tee in the Louisiana Constitutional convention of 1898. This com- 
mittee formulated provisions which, standing the test of law, 
effectually delivered Louisiana from the domination of ignorance 
and fear of negro influence in government. Withal Judge Bell's 
decisions were so fair, and so strictly in accord with the true 
principles of the law that the negro race always respected him and 
appreciated the justness of his motives. As an evidence of this 
they selected him to present to an audience of his home people the 
most prominent personage among neg7'o educators. His zealous 
courage, honesty, eloquence, and learning, together with splendid 
physical proportions, made Judge Bell long a marked figure in 
Louisiana legal and political history. He was a lifelong Demo- 
crat and always active in supporting the principles of his party. 
Judge Bell was twice married. His first wife was ]\[iss Sallie Ross, 
who lived only about 5 years after their mari-iage, leaving 2 chil- 
dren, Goodwin Ross Bell, now of St. Louis, Mo., and James L. Bell, 
deceased. His second mari-iage was to Mrs. Mary Culp, nee Bucke- 
lew, who survives him. To this second marriage 3 children were 
born, viz. : Sallie, Wilbur B., and Thornton Fletcher Bell. The 
last named and youngest was born at Shreveport, La., Oct. 10, 
1878, and is elsewhere referred to in this work. 

Bell, Thornton Fletcher, district judge, Caddo parish, was born 
at Shrevci)ort, La., Oct. 10, 1878; son of Judge Thomas Fletcher 



44 LOUISIANA 

and Mai'y (Buekelew) Bell, the former of whom was a native of 
Lancaster county, Va., and the latter of the state of Alabama. The 
father and mother are elsewhere referred to in this work. Thorn- 
ton Fletcher Bell, youngest of 3 children horn to his parents, passed 
his boyhood in the city of his birth, and in the course of his educa- 
tion attended both private and public schools in the city of Shreve- 
port. After graduating from the high school in the latter city he 
entered Tulane university, at New Orleans, and graduated with the 
degree of A. B., in the class of 1S99. Following this he entered the 
law school of Tulane university and obtained the degree of LL. B. 
from that institution, graduating with the class of 1901. Shortly 
following the completion of his legal education the young attorney 
began the practice of his profession at the city of Shreveport, and 
soon enjoyed a most flattering and substantial clientele. Upon 
the death of his father, Nov. 14, 1912, he was appointed district 
judge to fill an luiexpired term of the latter, and in Feb., 1913, he 
was regularly elected to succeed himself in that position, of which 
he is incumbent at this time. 

Bentley, Emerson, of Shreveport, La., lawyer, was born in New 
Orleans, Feb. 3, 1875, the son of Emerson and Joan (Pursell) Bent- 
ley. Removing from Ohio to Louisiana in 1868, the elder Bentley 
edited several newspapers, one of which was the Morning Chron- 
icle, of New Orleans. His wife, a native of the suburb Carrollton 
(now the 7th district of New Orleans), was the daughter of one of 
the early settlers in Louisiana who was Mayor of Carrollton from 
1861 to 1865. Emerson Bentley, Sr., was widely known as a bril- 
liant journalist. He died in 1889, at the age of 39 years. The 
second son in a family of 6 children, the subject of this biography 
was educated in the public schools in New Orleans, and graduated 
from the high school with the class of 1890. His first employment 
was that of clerk in the office of the Louisville, New Orleans & 
Texas R. R. (now the Yazoo & Mississippi Valley R. R.) ; leaving 
in 1892 to become soliciting freight agent for the Missouri Pacific 
R. R. In 1895 Mr. Bentley accepted the position of chief clerk in 
the New Orleans Bureau of Freight and Transportation, of which 
W. H. Masters was the commissioner. Five years later he came to 
Shreveport and was manager of the Traffic aissociation, remaining 
in office until 1908. Taking advantage of his spare time, Mr. 
Bentley studied law in New Orleans under the direction of Judge 
Clegg, and in Shreveport in the office of the late Judge T. F. Bell ; 
and in March, 1905, was admitted to practice after examination 
by the justices of the Louisiana state supreme court, receiving, soon 
after, a commission as notary public. From 1905 to 1908 Mr. Bent- 
ley followed his profession of lawyer in Shreveport, and in the 
latter year he went to Winnfield, La., to form a partnership with 
William M. Wallace. Jan. 5, 1903, there took place the marriage 
of Emerson Bentley and Miss Marie Louise Connolly, in New Or- 
leans. They had 2 children, Muriel and Emerson, Jr. Mrs. Bent- 
ley died Aug. 13, 1898, in Winnfield. Returning to Shreveport 
after the death of his wife, Mr. Bentley resumed his practice of 
law in that city. Sept. 26, 1910, he married Miss Sue Eleanor Wat- 
son, of Shreveport. For some time past Mr. Bentley has been 



BIOGRAPHICAL 45 

specializing in the practice of the law affecting railway matters 
before the Interstate commission and the Railroad commission, and 
has been successful in several important cases of that nature. 
Politics claimed much of his attention, particularly when questions 
of reform in public aii'airs were before the people. In 1896, he 
was an active participant in the Citizens' league in opposition to 
the "regular" democrats; and in 1913 made an \;usuccessful race 
for district judge. He is a member of the Benevolent and Protect- 
ive Order of Elks, of which he is Esteemed Lecturing Knight, and 
he is president of the High School Class of 1890, an office he has 
held several years. 

Bemadas, Hector E., M. D., of New Orleans, was born at New 
Orleans, July 4, 1879, son of Emile L. J. Bernadas and Urania 
Guilliory Bernadas. His maternal grandfather, Augustiu Guil- 
liory, was a soldier during the war of 1861-65 in company I, Cres- 
cent regiment, commanded by Col. Soule. Dr. Bernadas' paternal 
grandfather came to the United States from France as mate on a 
sailing vessel when a boy, and made his home in New Orleans, 
and married Anne Gadelle. New Orleans was the birthplace of 
Emile L. J. Bernadas, father of the Doctor, and he was educated 
in the city schools. His profession was that of architect and 
builder, and be became prominent in his line of Inisiness until his 
death. May 28, 1913, many years after the demise of his wife. The 
subject of this sketch was educated in private and public schools, 
the Boys' high school, from which he graduated in 1896. The same 
year he entered the medical department of Tulane university, be- 
came an interne of the Charity 'hospital, serving 2 years ; and in 
1902 graduated from Tulane Medical college and the Charity hos- 
pital. Since that time he has lieen engaged in practice in New 
Orleans. Dr. Bernadas is a member of the Orleans Parish Medi- 
cal society, Louisiana State Medical society, American Medical as- 
sociation. National Geographic society. Grand fraternity, Brush and 
Pencil club. Southern Yacht club, Stratford club, and is medical 
examiner of the Grand fraternity and Mutual Life Insurance Co. 
of Georgia. He is the eldest of 5 children : Fernand L. Bernadas, 
druggist, in Bakerstield, Cal. ; Geo. J. Bernadas, planter, of Hay- 
wood, Cal. : Maurice G. Bernadas, connected with the Hibernia 
liank ; and ilrs. Lillie Bouttier, of Los Angeles, Cal. Dr. Bernadas 
is aiBliated with the democratic party. He married, Oct. 20, 1908, 
Miss Hester L. Kinberger, daughter of Frank and Hester Lillie 
(Rusha) Kinberger, and they have 2 daughters, Hester Catherine 
Bernadas, born ]\Iarch 23, 1911, and Ruth Louise Bernadas, born 
Aug. 18, 1913. 

Beyt, J. Lamar, M. D., successful physician and coroner, St. Mar- 
tinville, St. Martin parish. La., was born in Avoyelles parish. La., 
Jan. 23, 1886, son of Francois J. Beyt, ])orn at Haute Guraud, 
Prance, 1860, and Anna (Gremillion) Beyt, born in Avoyelles par- 
ish. La. Both parents are living at this time. When 16 years of 
age Francois J. Beyt, the father, emigrated to the United States, 
going direct to Avoyelles parish, Where he had relatives. He first 
engaged in farming, later became a clerk, and following this 
was for some time a plantation manager. Finally he engaged in 



46 LOUISIANA 

farming and merchandising combined, on his own account. In 
1913 he disposed of his holdings in Avoyelles i^arish and removed 
to St. Martinville, where he now resides with his family. J. Lamar 
Beyt was first of 11 children born to his parents. Nine of these 
children are living at this time. J. Lamar was educated at the 
public schools of Avoyelles parish, after finishing which he entered 
Sacred Heart college, at Moreauville, Avoyelles parish, where he 
continued as a student until attaining his 15th year, when he 
became assistant to his father in the management of the latter's 
business, so remaining during about 4 years. In 1905 he matricu- 
lated in the medical department of Tulane university, at New 
Orleans, from which he graduated with the degree of M. D. in the 
class of 1909. Immediately following his graduation he located 
in offices at St. Martinville and there began what has proven a 
highly successful and gratifying general medical practice. Few 
physicians of his years have attained such general and popular 
recognition in the profession and among the public as has Dr. 
Beyt. At this time the Doctor is contemplating specializing in the 
treatment of diseases of the eye, ear, nose and throat, with more 
particular reference to the eye. In 1910 Dr. Beyt was appointed 
assistant health officer for St. Martin parish, and in 1912 was 
elected coroner of St. Martin parish for a term of 4 years. In 
March, 1912, Dr. Beyt was married to Miss Eula Bonin, daughter 
of Luke Bonin of St. Martin-v-ille. One son, J. Lamar, Jr., has been 
born to them. Dr. Beyt votes the democratic ticket and takes an 
active part in the political and public affairs of his town, parish, 
and state. He is a member of the Roman CathoUc church and is 
affiliated with the Knights of Columbus. Dr. Beyt enjoys an ex- 
tensive general practice and is reckoned among the leading young 
professional men of his portion of the state. It seems very prob- 
able that more will be heard of the Doctor in years to come. 

Bienvenu, George L., D. D. S., New Orleans, was born at New 
Orleans, La., Jan. 26, 1883, son of Richard H. and Marie (Dromel) 
Bienvenu, both natives of the city in which the son was born. The 
father has for many years been in the position of city salesman 
for the wholesale grocery house of H. T. Cottam, enjoying the 
confidence and esteem of his employers and the general trade 
of the city, where he is well known. To the parents 6 children were 
born, namely: Dromel Joseph, associated with Touro infirmary, 
New Orleans; Henry F., in the drug business at New Orleans; 
George L., the subject of this sketch; Louis De G., connected with 
the telephone service of ]\Iemphis, Tenn. ; Lawrence A., connected 
with a large ice manufacturing business at Brookhaven, Miss. : 
James J., a New Orleans engineer. George L. Bienvenu attended 
the public schools of New Orleans and after completing 2 years in 
the Boys' high school, entered his uncle's (Dr. M. Viet's) labora- 
tory to prepare himself for the profession he had decided to under- 
take. He entered the New Orleans College of Dentistry for the 
session 1901 and 1902 and after completing the regular 3 years' 
course graduated in the year (session) 1903-1904, receiving the 
degree of D. D. S., since which time the Doctor has been in dental 
nractice in the Southern metropolis, having succeeded his uncle, 



BIOGRAPHICAL 47 

the late Dr. M. Vict, under whom lu; was tutored. For somo time 
Dr. Bienvenu occupied the position of demonstrator in prosthetic 
dentistry at the New Oi'lcans College of Dontistrj'. He is a mem- 
ber of the Roman Catholic church and of I'llysian Fields camp No. 
555, Woodmen of tlie World. Jan. 25, 1905, Dr. Bienvenu was 
married to Miss Bertha M. Sassinot, daughter of Louis R. and Eva 
M. (Laplace) Sassinot, both paT-ents being natives of New Orleans, 
where the father is in the hai'dwai'e business, which business li<^ has 
been conducting for a numlx'i- of years and is well known in business 
circles generally. Three children have been born to Dr. and Mrs. 
Bienvenu, as follows: Bianca Margarite, George L., Jr., and Marie 
Therese. 

Billeaud, Martial, Jr., sugar planter, mei'chant, banker and pri'si- 
deiit i)<)lice .jury of Lafayette parish, was boi-n at Broussard, La- 
fayette parish, Jja., in the year 1862. His father. Martial Billeaud, 
Sr., was boi'n in France, Aug. 25, 1884. His parents were natives 
of France, and emigrated to America in 1836. He was fourth of 5 
children born to his parents. In 1857 he married Miss Lucy St. 
Julian. He enlisted in the 26th Louisiana Volunteer infantry, undei- 
Ma.i. Legarde, in 1863, and served until th(! close of the war. 
Lucile St. Julian was born in Lafayette parish. La., and died at th(! 
place of her birth in 1902. Foi- details as to ancestry of the mothcjr, 
see sketch of J. Gilbert St. Julian, elsewhere in this work. Jean 
Billeaud, father of Martial Billeaud, Sr., came, from France to 
America in 1836, locating at the town of Vermilion, now Lafayette, 
La. He was a wheelwright by trade, having followed that occupa- 
tion in France, and after locating at Vermilion continued to make 
that his business until his death in 1875. Martial Billeaud, Sr., 
also learned the wheelwright ti'ade from his father, and followed 
that line of work some years in Lafayette. Later he removed to 
Broussard, where he followed the same employment, with an inter- 
mission of the time served in the Confederate army. After his 
marriage he engaged in planting, to which he devoted the re- 
mainder of his active life. Upon his retirement he disposed of his 
plantation interests to his children, in 1903, but continued residing 
at the old plantation homestead. Martial Billeaud was second 
of 5 children bom to his parents, these children being: Kulalie, 
Martial, Jr., subject of this sketch ; Charles, Alice, and Paul, all of 
whom are living. Martial Billeaud, Jr., was educated at public and 
private schools in the town of Bi'oiissard, later attending St. 
Charles college, at Grand Coteau, La., following which he was em- 
ployed on his father's plantation, and later rented and cultivated 
land on his own account. He began renting land and growing 
cotton in the year 1882, at the same time giving diligent attention 
to saving as much of what he made as was possible. His father 
always made a point of having his sons a.ssociated with him in his 
business enterprises. In 1893 the present large sugar factory, lo- 
cated on the old plantation, was erected, and represents an ex- 
penditure of $500,000. The first mill on the place was erected in 
1874, and was an open kettle mill run by horse power. This old 
mOl was in successful operation until the completion of the pres- 
ent splendid plant. Until 1903 Martial Billeaud and his brothers 



48 LOUISIANA 

operated their father's land, but in that year purchased the 
father's interest of 3,000 acres, and in the same year began pur- 
chasing additional land. This was continued until, in 1913, they 
owned 11,723 acres. In 1913 they decided to make a division of 
their property, and this was due, with the exception of the sugar 
factory, which they own jointly, and for which they produce about 
40,000 tons of cane annually. Martial Billeaud, Jr., owns one-fifth 
of the sugar factory. Among other plantations in which he is 
'interested are the Home plantation. Long plantation, Huron plan- 
tation, and De Laneville plantation. In 1889 Martial Billeaud, Jr., 
and Edward L. Estorge purchased the general merchandise stock 
of F. B. Grovenberg, at Broussard, which was then comparatively 
a small stock of goods, but which has been so largely increased 
since that now it is one of the largest retail stocks in the parish 
or in that part of the state. In 1899 Martial Billeaud 's brothers 
purchased Mr. Estorge 's interests in the store, and since that time 
the firm name has been M. Billeaud, Jr., & Co., Martial Billeaud, 
Jr., ow^ling a one-half interest. In 1906 Martial Billeaud organized 
the Bank of Broussard and was elected pre-sident of the institution 
at the start, in which capacity he has remained to the present. He 
was one of the organizers of the Broussard Cotton Oil Co., of which 
he is a director. He is also a member of the board of directors of 
the First National Bank of Lafayette, and of the Southwestern 
Louisiana Development bureau. Politically Mr. Billeaud aligns 
himself as an independent Democrat. During the past 18 years he 
has served the people of the parish as a member of the Lafayette 
parish police jury, and during 12 years of that time has filled the 
important office of president of that body. His greatest activities 
have been in the direction of securing good, serviceable, and 
durable roads for the people of the parish, and in his official capac- 
ity he has done everji^hing possible towaJi-d securing this much 
desired end, while as a private citizen he has contributed largely 
of both time and money for this purpose. He has also been an 
able champion of the public schools, and has done much good 
work toward securing improvements in these. In church affiliation 
Mr. Billeaud is a Roman Catholic. Fraternally, he is a member 
of the Knights of Columbus and Benevolent and Protective Order 
of Elks. He has contributed largely of his means towai'd the sup- 
port of the church and convent at Broussard. Always a tireless 
worker, Mr. Billeaud 's success in life has been achieved through 
earnest effort, diligent application and discerning thrift, intelli- 
gently directed, and no element of ^hat is termed luck has entered 
into his steady upward climb. Mr. Billeaud is now casting about 
for the best means of offsetting or overcoming the effects of recent 
national legislation affecting the production of sugar in Louisiana, 
and with this idea in mind is contemplating a greater diversity of 
products on his lands. He is fully alive to the great i^ossibilities 
of agriculture in Louisiana, and is exerting his energies toward 
practically demonstrating the feasibility of greater net acreage 
retui-ns from the land, and his able efforts in this direction wiU 
undoubtedly be largely helpful to the cause of intelligent agricul- 
ture in Louisiana. June 27, 1893, Mr. Billeaud was married to 



BIOGRAPHICAL 49 

Miss Palmyre Bernard, and 5 children, as follows, have been born 
to their union : Delia, Cornelius, Roy, Allen, and Louel. 

Bisso, William A., was born in New Orleans, La., Aug. 4, 1875, 
the son of Joseph and Mary B. (Damonte) Bisso, the former of 
whom was a native of Gyenoble, Prance, and the latter of Spanish 
and Italian descent, the daughter of Joseph Damonte. Mr. Joseph 
Bisso came to America when about 10 years of age and first settled 
in New Orleans but later went to Plaquemine, where he learned the 
trade of blacksmith and horseshoer. From Plaquemine he entered 
the service of the Confederate navy as water tender and remained 
in the service until the close of the war when he received an hon- 
orable discharge. At that time he settled on Walnut street in the 
city of New Orleans and engaged as timberman for the Fischer 
Lumber Co. After a period of about 5 years in their employ he 
went into the wood and lumber business for himself which he con- 
tinued until about 1891. A levee was built through his property 
in that year and the work at that point had to be abandoned. 
Succeeding this he became interested in the tow and ferry boat 
biisiness, which he followed until his death, Dec. 25, 1907. To Mr. 
and Mrs. Joseph Bisso, 5 children were born, namely : Anna, now 
the widow of F. G. Tyler; Joseph A., in the tow boat business; 
Katherine, now the widow of W. T. Alcorn; "William A., the sub- 
ject of this sketch, and Alexander L., also in the tow boat business. 
William A. Bisso is next to the youngest member of his father's 
family, and has spent his entire life in New Orleans. His first 
schooling was received at the McDonough school. No. 14, and after 
this he attended night school for a time at Soule's Business col- 
lege, while he was at the same time doing survey work for the 
government with the United States engineers of the Foui'th dis- 
trict. This work occupied about three years of his time, after 
which he went as a pilot on the Walnut street and Westwego 
ferry for 3 years more. At the end of that period he bought a tug 
and engaged with his father in upriver towing. From that 
time to this he has been prominently identified with that business. 
After his father's death, W. A. Bisso became president of the 
Bisso Tow Boat Co., a corporation organized under Louisiana laws. 
About the close of 1908, Mr. Bisso organized, and was made presi- 
dent of the New Orleans Coal Co., which does an exclusivelj^ whole- 
sale business in rail and ship bunker coal, practically all the sup- 
ply coming by rail from the Alabama coal fields. The plants of the 
coal company and the tow boat company are situated at the foot 
of Walnut street in New Orleans, and they also have a branch in 
Mobile, Ala. Mr. Bisso is a Catholic, a member of the Elks' club, 
of the Progressive union, and the Board of Trade. He married 
Miss Cecilia, daughter of A. L. Le Breton, and they have 1 son, 
William, Jr. In politics Mr. Bisso has always accepted the prin- 
ciples of the Democratic party and has taken active interest in the 
local management of its affairs and is one of the men whose counsel 
is sought in matters of importance to the welfare of his district. 
Elected on Democratic ticket as alderman of Fourteenth ward; 
served 1904-1908. 
Ill— 4 



50 LOUISIANA 

Blake, Eugene William, well-known jurist, of Thibodairx, was 
born in Iberville parish, Oct. 12, 1827. He was the son of Eugene 
William Blake and Adeline Dupuy, both of whom were born at 
Iberville parish. La., and whose lives alike were spent and ended at 
the place of their birth. The father was a planter and Eugene 
William, the son, was educated at the public school of Iberville, 
and shortly after the term of his schooling he removed to Thibo- 
daux, where he was appointed clerk of the court, and continued 
to occupy that position for several years, during which time he 
was carefully saving that he might accumulate the means with 
which to continue his education. When this end had been gained he 
entered college at Lexington, Ky. On completing the course of 
instruction there, he returned home and shortly afterward entered 
Louisiana state university, from which he graduated in law in 1848. 
For a time he practiced at Iberville, and on April 20, 1857, he was 
married to Miss Cecilia Thibodaux, daughter of Bannon G. and 
Justine (Aubert) Thibodaux, granddaughter of ex-Gov. Henry S. 
Thibodaux, who was the founder of the town of that name. In 
November of that year he removed to Thibodaux and engaged in 
the practice of law with his father-in-law. This partnership was 
actively continued until the beginning of the Civil war, when the 
young man enlisted in St. Mary's battery and went to the front in 
the service of the Confederacy. He was engaged in several of the 
most sanguinary conflicts that mark the history of those dark days, 
but survived and returned to his home, where he resumed the prac- 
tice of law. In March, 1866, his father-in-law died and he there- 
after conducted the legal business of the firm alone. On Dec. 19, 
1881, he was appointed to the bench as circuit judge of the Louisi- 
ana Court of Appeals, and continued in that position 8 years. 
Following this he became attorney for the Southern Pacific R. R. 
and represented that corporation in much of its important litiga- 
tion. Judge Blake was a lifelong Democrat and a member of the 
Catholic church. He died Jan. 2, 1890, at liis home in Thibodaux. 

Blackman, John Calhoun, member of the firm of Blackman, 
Overton & Dawkins, Alexandria, La., was born in Alexandria, Jan. 
7, 1877, son of Judge Wilbur F. Blackman, who is elsewhere re- 
ferred to in this work. Mr. Blackman attended the public schools 
of Alexandria and later the Louisiana State university. He was 
a student, also, at Spring Hill college, Mobile, Ala., after which 
he entered the law school of Tulane university, from which he 
graduated in 1897. In the same year he formed a partnership with 
John C. Ryan and began the practice of law at the city of Alex- 
andria. In 1904 Mr. Blackman became associated with John H. 
Overton in legal practice, and this latter connection has continued 
to this time. In 1913 this firm received Messrs. Dawkins and Mims 
into partnership, and when Mr. Mims withdrew the style of the 
firm became Blackman, Overton & Dawkins. In 1903 Mr. Black- 
man was married to Miss Elizabeth Lobdell, a daughter of John 
Lobdell, of Baton Rouge, La., and 3 children have been born to 
their union, these being: Elizabeth, John C, Jr., and Wilbur F., 
Jr. Mr. Blackman is a Knight Templar Mason, a Noble of the 
Mystic Shrine, and a charter member of Alexandria Lodge No. 




Judge Eigene W. Blake 



BIOGRAPHICAL 51 

546, Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. Mr. Blackman has 
been a lifelong resident of Rapides parish, and enjoys an excep- 
tionally wide acquaintance and general popularity, not only in 
Rapides parish, but throughout a large part of the state of Louisi- 
ana. His reputation as an able and learned lawyer is recognized 
by both bench and bar, while as a citizen he is looked upon as a 
man scrupulously diligent in the performance of his duties as a 
member of the community in which he lives. He takes an active 
interest in all public matters involving the obligations of citizen- 
ship, and is held in high esteem by his fellow citizens. 

Blackman, Wilbur Fisk, judge of the Thirteenth Judicial dis- 
trict, composed of Rapides and Grant parishes, was born in Harris 
county, Ga., Dec. 10, 1841, and is a son of John Calhoun and Achah 
Gilbert (Maddox) Blackman. His father was born in South Caro- 
lina, in 1808, and was a son of William Blackman, a native of North 
Carolina. John Blackman was the progenitor of his family in 
America. He came from Scotland to America in 1649, and settled 
in Massachusetts. The parents of Judge Blackman were married 
in Georgia. The mother was born in Alabama. Thoy had 3 chil- 
dren, namely, Josephine Curtis, "Wilbur Fisk, and Asa Olin Black- 
man. The family moved from Georgia to Louisiana in 1851, and 
settled in Claiborne parish, where the parents resided until 1872, 
when they removed to Bossier parish, and there the father died in 
1873. He was a planter by occupation, and was also a local min- 
ister of the Methodist Church. His wife died at the age of 67 years. 
Judge Blackman was reared on the farm in Claiborne parish, and 
was educated in private schools and Homer college. He graduated 
from this college in Jiine, 1861, and soon after volunteered in Com- 
pany A, 9th Louisiana regiment, under Col. Dick Taylor. On the 
organization of the company Judge Blackman was elected lieu- 
tenant, and with the regiment went to Richmond, Va., and con- 
tinued with the 9th Louisiana until its reorganization in 1862, 
when he resigned on account of ill health. He returned to his 
parental home in Louisiana, and 30 days later again volunteered in 
the Confederate army, in Company B, 28th Louisiana volunteers, 
and was made adjutant-general of the regiment under command 
of Col. Henry Gray. He continued thereafter to serve in the 
trans-Mississippi department to the close of the war. He partici- 
pated in all the battles of the department in Louisiana, and led 
the charge at the battle of Mansfield, as assistant acting adjutant- 
general, and was complimented by Gen. Taylor for "gallant and 
conspicuous service." The war closed, Mr. Blackman returned 
home, and began the study of law at Homer. He was admitted to 
practice law by the supreme court in 1866, and began the pi-actice 
immediately afterward at Homer. In 1865 he was elected to the 
lower house of the state legislature and in 1868 to the state senate, 
where he served with distinction to 1872. In 1873 he removed to 
Alexandria, where he has since resided. In 1876 he was elected 
district judge, the judicial district then composed of Rapides, 
Grant and Vernon parishes. He continued to serve as district 
judge until 1879, when the constitutional convention made a 
change in the district. He was off the bench only a year and 



52 LOUISIANA 

a half, and was then, in 1882, again elected district judge, the 
judicial district then comprising Avoyelles, Grant and Rapides 
parishes. He remained on the .bench for 10 years, and in 1892 
was elected by the legislature judge of the Court of Appeals for 
the Third circuit, and as siich served 8 years. In 1900 he 
was again elected district judge, the Thirteenth judicial district 
composed of Grant and Rapides parishes, and at each election 
since has been reelected, his present term expiring in 1916. Judge 
Blackman has long been prominent and active in politics as a 
Democrat. He was elected presidential elector-at-large from 
Louisiana and as such cast the electoral vote of the state for 
Seymour and Blair, the Democratic candidates for president and 
vice-president, respectively. In 1900 he was a delegate to the 
national Democratic convention, and has been a delegate to many 
state and congressional conventions of his party. Fraternally 
Judge Blackman is a Royal Arch Mason, a member of the Benevo- 
lent and Protective Order of Elks and of the Rapides club. He 
is a member of the Episcopal church. September 27, 1867, he mar- 
ried Miss Ellen Monfort Wells, daughter of Gen. Monfort Wells 
of Rapides parish. She died in 1898, leaving the following chil- 
dren: Wilbur Wells Blackman, planter and stockman of Alexan- 
dria; Jeanette Dent Blackman, Ellen Monfort Blackman and John 
Calhoim Blackman, a prominent lawyer of Alexandria. With the 
exception of a brief period of one and a half years, mentioned 
above. Judge Blackman has continued to serve either on the bench 
of the District court or Court of Appeals since 1876, a period of 
38 years. He has long held conspicuous place among the ablest 
jurists of Louisiana, and enjoyed the confidence and esteem, not 
only of the members of the bar, but also of the people in gen- 
eral. At his home city and in his resident parish Judge Black- 
man has won an enviable reputation as a citizen of progress and 
public spii'it, and his friends are legion. 

Boatner, Charles J., was born in Caldwell parish, La., Jan. 
23, 1849, and died at New Orleans, March 21, 1903. He was a 
son of Mark and Sarah (Stirling) Boatner, who were born in 
East Feliciana parish. La. His grandfather, Elias Boatner, was 
also born in this same parish, the son of a native Hollander, who 
was a pioneer planter in Louisiana. Mark Boatner was a lawyer 
by profession and died when his son, Charles J. Boatner, was 
but a boy. His mother having died previously, he was taken to 
Catahoula parish by an uncle, who brought him up. He studied 
law and was admitted to the bar at the age of 21. He began 
the practice of law at Harrisonburg, La., but about 1878 he re- 
moved to Monroe, La., where he resided until 1896, when 
he located in New Orleans. Mr. Boatner was elected to the state 
senate in 1876, but resigned in May, 1878, when he removed to 
Monroe. He served in the first Democratic legislature after the 
memorable days of the reconstruction period subsequent to the 
war of secession. He was a candidate for Congress in 1884, but 
was defeated by Gen. J. Floyd King, who was the incumbent at 
the time. He was elected to the 51st, 52nd and 53rd Congresses, 
and received the certificate of election to the 54th, but hiis seat 



BIOGRAPHICAL 53 

was declared vacant March 20, 1896. At a special election held 
Tnne 10 1896 he was elected to the short term ot the _54th Con- 
fess as a Democrat. His party having adopted in its national plat- 
giess a^ ^J^';""i:^_,,^ „„ fr-e "free and unlimited coinage of .silver 
a"Se ttfo o 16^1'' a meLure he refused to support, he declined 
t^a^n be a candidate for Congress, but remained ^ the party^ 
His last public service of importance was a.^ a member of the 

t^e":ft?:at'co\ - ntioS a^^-S^o the "grandfather 

Dlan" Hs was a brilliant record in Congress and among the 

TelZ etu:i 1 stiiSn^to'itt'^^^^^^^^^^^ in Congress Mr Bo^tjer 
maSd in 1870, Miss Frances R. Mayo, a daughter of Judge 
SJeiVMavo, S Concordia parish, La. She -^-^'^^l.^^^l.^^^ '^ 
V,. ■ --o „vi;,-, Tn Thpir children are Mark M., btuimg s., 
SrS^^Se ": .wl Za JotJSine, wife of Edwai;d E^ Moise. 
""^Boatner. Mark M., is a. son of the late Charles J. Boatne , 
nnd was born in Concordia parish. La., Jan. 5 187^. ^ie od 
tSned his degree of bachelor of science from the Virginia Mili- 
SrylnsSute'in 1892, and graduated in law -- J^^\--^"™: 
citv in 1896 He was iunior-major of the 2nd United fetates voiun 
?S hif^intrv 7ommanded by Col. Duncan N. Hood m the Spanish- 
AmeSn war F?om 1906 'to 1910 Mr. Boatner was the attorney 
f or the colTector of inheritance tax and was a member of the 
consttSn:? convention of 1913. He ^^:^^i^^^^^Z 
nf ponsenuence He is a Democrat m politics, but not a politician. 
Frate"nX,Mr. Soatner is a Master Mason. He was married m 
1894 to Miss Bertie E. Bryant. 

Boh, Arthur Peter, general contractor and ^J^^l^^"^ ^OS^^^Xc 
delet street New Orleans, La., was born at New ^i J^^iiS' , ,-^^^^, 
i9 1884; son of John P. and Rosalie (Wanner) Boh, bo h of 
whom were born in the same locality as was the son. John P 
Boh thV father, has devoted the energies of his lifetime to the 
vocation of a manufacturer of hand-made furniture, m which 
business he is at this time engaged His ^f ^^-^^j^^jj 
St. Louis and Basin streets. New Orleans To John P- Boh ana 
wife, who are living at this time, 6 children have been bo n, as 
follows: John Sidney, wholesale P^o^nce dealer died July dl 
1905; Arthur Peter, the subject of this «l^<^tch; C aies pio^ 
sional wood carver, now employed m con^^^^tmn w th his fathe^^^^^^ 
furniture business; Roa Lie, Henry, connected witlfatlioisbusi 
ness- Edward order clerk in the service of the Fulton Bag L,o., 
New'Orreans ' ?he third, fourth, fifth and sixth o these are now 
Uvhig at the parental home. Arthur Peter Bo^;. f ^"^,f , ^J 
nublic schools of New Orleans. After his graduation froni high 
school he was during some time engaged in employment con- 
nect with architectural pursuits. In 1905 he entered the service 
of he United States government at the New Orleans naval sta 
tion. During the year 1906 he ^^^^s enip loyed b> the sewerage 
and water board of the City of New Orleans. In 1907 he le 



54 LOUISIANA 

turned to the government work, but again in 1908 he was em- 
ployed by the sewerage and water board. In 1909 he launched into 
business as a general contractor and builder, on his own account, 
with offices at 303 Carondelet street, New Orleans, and has so 
continued to this time, doing a constantly-increasing business. 
Mr. Boh is affiliated with the Democratic party, and is a member 
of the Roman Catholic church. He is a member, also, of the Ma- 
sonic fraternity and of the Ancient United Order of Druids. 
June 21, 1905, Mr. Boh was married to Miss Rosa Birk, daughter 
of Roman and Anna Barbara (Van Freiburghouse) Birk of Switz- 
erland, in which country the daughter was born. No children have 
been born to Mr. and Mrs. Boh. 

Bolton, George W., prominent banker and financier of Alexan- 
dria, and one of the best known men of Louisiana, was born in 
DeKalb county, Ga., Sept. 15, 1841. His parents were Elisha P. 
and Eliza (Burbridge) Bolton. The father, of English lineage, 
was a native of Georgia, in which state his father settled shortly 
after the Revolutionary war, coming from Virginia. The mother of 
George W. Bolton was also a native of Georgia, and was of Irish 
parentage. In 1857 Elisha P. Bolton removed from Georgia to 
Louisiana, and located at Shiloh, Union parish, where he estab- 
lished a private school and became a well-known educator. He 
died at the age of 85 years, and his wife at 70. They were the 
parents of 8 children, 5 sons and 3 daughters, of whom 6 grew 
to majority, and 3 are still living. George W. Bolton was the 
fourth eldest and the third son. He was educated in his father's 
private school at Shiloh, and in 1861, when the Civil war came on, 
Mr. Bolton enlisted in Company E, 12th Louisiana infantrj'. He 
gallantly served the eaiisc of the Confederacy to the close of 
the war, attaining to the I'ank of second sergeant. At the battle 
of Nashville he was wounded in the right arm and shortly after- 
wards captured and taken to Camp Chase, Columbus, Ohio, and 
later transferred to Point Lookout, Md., where he was paroled 
at the close of hostilities. He then returned to his father's home 
in Louisiana, entirely without means, traveling a portion of the 
way on the deck of a Red river passenger steamer. After spend- 
ing 1 year in teaching at Shiloh, Mr. Bolton began his siic- 
cessful career as a merchant. He engaged in mercantile business 
at Winnfield, Winn parish, with Dr. A. Wade. After 3 suc- 
cessful years at Winnfield, Mr. Bolton, in company with Dr. A. 
Wade and Mr. Thomas D. Milling, opened a branch establish- 
ment at Pineville, opposite Alexandria, Mr. Bolton removing to 
Pineville to take charge of the business, the business at Winn- 
field remaining in charge of Mr. Walling. For 1 year the busi- 
ness was conducted under the firm name of A. Wade, and on 
the death of Dr. Wade was continued under the firm name of 
Milling & Bolton until the death of Mr. Milling in 1879, after 
which date Mr. Bolton continued the business on his own account 
until 1900, when he di.sposed of it, in order to give his exclusive 
time to his duties as president of the Rapides bank. This bank 
was organized in 1888, when there were only five banks in Louis- 
iana, outside of New Orleans. Mr. Bolton was made the first 





16^ 



BIOGRAPHICAL 55 

president of the bank, and this position he held until 1912, when 
he retired and was succeeded by his eldest son, James W. Bol- 
ton. However, he was induced to remain actively connected with 
the bank as chairman of the board of directors. From its organ- 
ization the Rapides bank has prospered, and has long ranked among 
the largest and most successful banks of Louisiana. Its growth 
and prosperity have been largely due to Mr. Bolton's able financier- 
ing. For many years he has held conspicuous place among bankers 
of not only Louisiana and the South, but also of the nation. He 
was one of the organizers of the Louisiana State Bankers' asso- 
ciation, and for several years served as president of the associa- 
tion. He has long been identified with the American Bankers' 
association, and for 2 terms of 3 years each he was a member of 
the executive council of this association. While mercantile and 
banking interests have claimed so great a part of his time and 
attention, Mr. Bolton has responded to the call of public duty. He 
was a delegate to, and a member of, the constitution convention 
of 1879 from Rapides parish. This convention was called for the 
purpose of framing a constitution to better suit the conditions 
then existing and especially to provide for a more economical 
management of the affairs of state than then prevailed under 
the carpet bag Republican rule. He was also a member of the 
constitutional convention of 1898 called for the purpose of set- 
tling once and for all time to come the question of the partici- 
pation of the negro in the politics of Louisiana. While the 
action taken to prevent the negro from voting was severely 
criticised in other sections of the countl-y, it has never been suc- 
cessfully attacked, with the result that the negro in Louisiana to- 
day takes no part whatever in elections, though he is accorded 
all the civil rights to which he is entitled. In both these con- 
ventions, the results of which were of far-reaching benefit to 
the state, Mr. Bolton took an active and foremost pai't, being a 
member of important committees in both. From 1888 to 1894 he 
represented Rapides parish in the lower house of the legisla- 
ture, and there rendered conspicuous service. During his first 
term in the legislature he was chairman of the committee on appro- 
priation. In this capacity he was chiefly instrumental in put- 
ting the state finances on a solid basis, which for the first time 
after the Civil war brought the annual expenditures of the state 
within the limit of current receipts, and by this I'ule the finances 
of the state have since been governed. In the annals of the state 
this is a noteworthy achievement, and its accomplishment was a 
stupendous task, and required much work and able financiering, 
but Mr. Bolton proved equal to the difficult undertaking and 
thereby rendered exceptional service to the state. During his 
last term in the legislature Mr. Bolton was honoi'cd by being 
elected speaker of the house, and in this exalted position again 
displayed exceptional ability, meeting the most sanguine hopes 
of his many friends. In 1904 Mr. Bolton was a delegate to the 
national Democratic convention at St. Louis, and was made a 
member of the committee to notifj-, at his home on the Hudson 
river, Judge Alton B. Parker of his nomination for the presi- 



56 LOUISIANA 

deney. From early manhood, Mr. Bolton has been a member 
of the Masonic fraternity. He is a Knight Templar Mason, and 
has served as grand master of the Grand Lodge and as grand 
high priest of the Royal Arch chapter of Louisiana. He has 
long been prominent as a member of the Baptist church and in 
local affairs borne the commendable part of a public-spirited citi- 
zen. In 1868 Mr. Bolton married Miss Tennessee Wade, daugh- 
ter of Dr. A. Wade. She was born in 1850 in Arkansas. Unto 
Mr. and Mrs. Bolton were born 5 sons and 1 daughter, now living: 
James Wade, president of the Rapides bank ; George F. of Lake 
Charles; Frank P., cashier of the Rapides bank; James Porter, 
merchant at Lake Charles; Roscoe, in the insurance business at 
Alexandria, and Miss Bertha, accomplished in music. 

Boutcher, George W., sugar dealer. New Orleans, was born 
in the city of Philadelphia, Pa., Jan. 4, 1854; son of Robert and 
Lydia (Wilkinson) Boutcher, both of whom were natives of the 
city in which the son was born, the father being of French ances- 
try and the mother English. The father died at the age of 73 
years, and is survived by the mother at this time. Only 2 chil- 
dren were born to the parents — a daughter, now deceased, and 
George W. He came with his parents to New Orleans in 1859 
and passed his boyhood and youth in the city, attending the 
public schools and following this with a special commercial course 
at Soule's college. After finishing at commercial school he entered 
the service of the firm of Deldugo & Co. as a clerk, and through 
the passing years won promotion for meritorious sei'vice until 
the station of vice-president of the corporation had been attained. 
Some time later he was elected to the important position of pres- 
ident and remains the incumbent of this executive post at this 
time. George W. Boutcher entered the sugar business in New 
Orleans Oct. 25, 1868, when only 14 years old, and has remained 
in the same business since that time, being, without doubt, one 
of the oldest men, in point of trade experience, in that line in 
the city of New Orleans. His business experience extends back 
to a time embracing all the horrors of the reconstruction period 
in Louisiana and covering several of the most devastating- yellow 
fever epidemics in the history of the South 's metropolis. He 
has been privileged to observe revolutionary changes in many 
lines, and to witness the great progress that has been made in every 
branch of the sugar industry, from the cane field to the office of 
the sugar broker. Marvelous transformation scenes have been 
enacted within his vision in the industrial, commercial and resi- 
dential districts of the citj', and yet George W. Boutcher is one 
of the active, aggressive and influential business men of the city 
whose greatness he has aided in creating. In 1875 Mr. Boutcher 
was married to Miss Sarah H. Prothro, a daughter of Nathan 
Prothro of South Carolina. To them 4 daughters and 3 sons were 
born, all of the latter being now deceased. The daughters are : 
Gertrude, now the wife of T. J. Woodward, Jr. ; May, Roberta and 
Louise. Mr. Boutcher is a member of the Pickwick club, the 
Chess, Checkers and Whist club and New Orleans lodge No. 30, 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. 



BIOGRAPHICAL " 



BoYCe, Henry ArcUnard, of Boyce, E.pides parish Louisiana, 
was born on the Arehinard plantation. »««,^lexand n.J Feb. 1-, 

lana in the earlj clajs oi "if^oiu ^. -g , ^ 

Srf fhTdr™ ''Sr' ArcS" Bo"'e '"and Loniso Prances 
'Bot-ee' (SdTtb? ag .0, 76). Th-ugf^.f J ^ ^IrS 

onlv 4 years old when his mothei Oiea. rie ^.'^''^^'■' ,. -.n^-, ,^r 

Returning to Louisiana shortly ^e ore the Ciyilwaot 1861-6^ 
he. joined the C-J^federate arm ^ in ^vh ch h -^^^^^ ^.^^. 

111 IISSi=f=H=l«S 

m the center 01 w Arehinard Boyce married, m 1869, 

ferAnna a^Sd°p!1aughter^of Dr. John S;.J^ planter o^ U.,- 
ides parish. They have 1 daughter, Irene, wife of Aitied 
termark residing in Alexandria, Louisiana. 

^tJ^' M« nr David French, prominent educator, was born at 

Boyd, Major °™ ^,^^04 ' L graduated from the University 

Wytheville, Va Oct. 5 1834, aiKl giacluat j^^,,^,;^,^ on his way 

? r^hT^tl^id^Tin^uJed t'J^Sp in this state -d.^e^ome^ 
idiLiiti , ^h\nh time he became a member ot the nist 

ra:3s-Sti?ULt^£^r«ryj,.o,.^^^ 

^. sirSerJivlrtedSofr u't° -.««-— .hi p^ 

Mai Boyd was invited to return to Louisiana and take tJie p es 
SeHf the school. He f J/» -^S'S''^? „T«LC 
L\'^td^ -ras'inS^'o't eSgSitrrin * S^^^^^^ 
S'uX the plan ol'tbis. e»Uf8e, ■,', l-'^ tt'raK colonel 

t\T;SLit'irZ'r°;Lti'/hfr:fu\nfto°w 

r3'prc'si£' ot 1br\lat~l :-.?i-"?tHi^i' 
Continued to occupy for some y^^rs, ater re.igni g to taU chai e 
of Kentucky Military institute I^'e StyTA?^^^^^^ 
^ZX:'^t^^Sr^:^\o'&^^^ university as 



58 LOUISIANA 

professor of philosophy and civics, which station he then con- 
tinued to occupy until the time of his death, in May, 1899. He 
was married to Miss Esther Gertrude Wright of Kapides parish 
in 1865. To them were born 8 children, of whom 6 are now living. 
Boyd, Col. Thomas D., president Louisiana State Univei-sity, 
Baton Rouge, La., was born in Wytheville, Va., Jan. 20, 1854; son 
of Thomas Jefferson and Minerva A. (French) Boyd, the former 
of whom was born near Charlottsville, Va., in 1804, and named 
for Thomas Jefferson, whom he and his family knew pei'sonally. 
His mother was a Miss Magrudcr of Maryland. He was edu- 
cated at the University of Virginia and married Miss Minerva 
French of Giles county, Va., afterward practicing law at Wythe- 
ville for many years, attaining the age of nearly 90 years before 
his death. Thomas D. Boyd, the subject of this sketch, was the 
ninth of 10 children born to his parents. The father was long prom- 
inent in the affairs of Virginia, serving as a member of the state 
legislature, on the board of public works and filling various other 
important commissions. He was a colonel of the state guard 
and one of the builders of the town of Wytheville, in later days 
owning and conducting a hotel at that place. He was a very 
active and public-.spirited man and enjoyed a reputation for the 
highest integrity. Thomas D. Boyd passed his boyhood days at 
Wytheville, Va., coming to Louisiana at the age of 14 years to 
attend Louisiana State seminary at Alexandria, of which his 
brother, David French Boyd, was then superintendent. Having 
been prepared for college by a private teacher, the young man 
entered the Louisiana university as a sophomore at the age of 
14 by reason of his splendid preparation, this being in Sept., 1868. 
He graduated with the degree of M. A. in 1872, and besides took 
a part of the civil engineering course at Louisiana State univer- 
sity. He returned to Virginia in 1872, and for a year assisted 
Charles R. Boyd in making topographical drawings of a survey 
of the Kanawha river, for the Federal government. He then re- 
turned to Louisiana in the autumn of 1873 as assistant professor 
of mathematics in Louisiana State university and so continued 
until 1877. During the period when appropriations were with- 
held from the university he remained with his brother, David 
French Boyd, who was then president of the university, and 
served as teacher and later commandant. When the agricultural 
department was added to the university he continued as assistant 
professor and commandant of cadets. In 1883, when Col. William 
Preston Johnston resigned the presidency to become first presi- 
dent of Tulane university, he was selected to fill Col. Johnston's 
chair of history and English literature, on the recommendation ■ 
of Col. Johnston, and remained incumbent of this station until 
1888, when he resigned from the professorship to become pres- 
ident of the Louisiana State Normal school at Nachitoches. The 
normal school had been established under Act of 1884, and had 
held 3 short sessions under the presidency of Dr. Edward E. 
Sheib, struggling against the handicaps of inadequate funds, 
poor equipment and insufficient buildings, so that conditions were, 
to say the least of it, very unfavorable when he took charge of 



BIOGRAPHICtUj 59 

the institution as president and ex-officio conductor of state teach- 
ers' institutes, in which capacity he continued until 1896, in which 
year he was elected president of Louisiana State university, and 
has remained incumbent of that office to this time. Col. Boyd 
is a member of all educational associations having membership in 
Louisiana, and was one of the founders of the Louisiana chautau- 
qua at Ruston. He has served as president of the Louisiana State 
Educational association and of the Louisiana School Review, and 
has been a member of the National Educational association many 
years ; also the National Association of State Universities and the 
Association of American Agricultural Colleges and Experiment 
Stations. In 1897 he was recommended by Pres. Johnston and 
given the degree of LL. D. by Tulane university. In 1882 Col. 
Boyd was married to Miss Annie Fuqua, a daughter of Col. James 
0. Fuqua of Baton Rouge, and 6 children have been born to their 
union. Col. Boyd is a member of the Episcopal church and has 
been a vestryman many years. He is also a member of the Knights 
of Pythias. 

Boylan, Washington G., executive head of the noted Boylan 
Detective Agency and Protection Police, with headquarters in 
the city of New Orleans, was born in the city of New Orleans, 
La., and has resided there from the date of his birth to the pres- 
ent time. In the course of his earlier education he attended the 
public schools of the city until attaining the eighth grade, when 
he withdrew and entered Dufour's college. After having com- 
pleted the prescribed course at this institution, embracing some 
years, he entered Spring Hill college at Mobile, Ala., from which 
he later graduated. Returning to New Orleans while yet quite a 
young man, he sought and obtained employment with the firm of 
Geo. A. Fosdick & Co., shipping agents and commission mer- 
chants, remaining in the service of this firm until the year 1861, 
when he enlisted in the service of the Confederate states as a 
private in the 13th Louisiana volunteers. His command went to 
the front and the young man saw much of the carnage and shock 
of strife that within the span of a few never-to-be-forgotten years 
clouded the land, darkened the homes and tore the hearts of so 
many of our people. He served throughout the great historic 
struggle, winning i^romotion in rank for gallant conduct from time 
to time, until he had gained the grade of captain. After the 
surrender he again returned to the city of his nativity, secur- 
ing employment in the service of the American Telegraph Co., 
wjiere he remained until the date of the consolidation of that 
coi'poration with the Western Union Telegraph Co., at which time 
he resigned to accept a position in the Probate court under the 
regime of the late Justice Louis Duvigneaud, there continuing 
until the successor to Judge Duvigneaud had been elected. He 
was then appointed chief docket clerk, under the late Thos. H. 
Handy, civil sheriff. During the incumbency of Thos. H. Handy 
as civil sheriff the supreme court appointed by Gov. Pi-ancis 
T. Nicholls was installed in office, deposing the Republican court 
headed by Judge Leduling. On the evening of the 7th of Jan., 
1877, the late Benjamin Onorato and Captain W. G. Boylan were 



60 LOUISIANA 

deputed by Thomas H. Handy to take charge of the courtroom 
and appurtenances of the Louisiana supreme court, they being 
admonished to keep everything therein intact. During the even- 
ing the court was entered by Maj. Loan, at the time chief of 
police, in full uniform and accompanied by Capt. Gray and 8 or 10 
uniformed metropolitan police officers, with ordex's from Judge 
Leduling to take possession. Maj. Loan and the accompanying 
party of officers were immediately ordered by Capt. Boylan and 
Benjamin Onorato to withdraw, which they declined to do, aug- 
menting their force of metropolitan police by an addition of 15 
armed men. Capt. Boylan and Mr. Onorato held their position, 
during the night and at 2 a. m. the following morning received 
the surrender of the squad of metropolitan police that had been 
sent to take charge of the court, the only condition of the surrender 
being that the members of the party of officers should be guar- 
anteed safe return to their homes by the sheriff's representatives. 
After the retirement of these officers, accompanied bj^ Chief Justice 
Leduling and his court, the Nicholls court, headed by Chief Jus- 
tice Manning, was sworn in, and this incident, the details of which 
had been so ably managed, through the devoted heroism and 
cool courage of those to whom they had been entrusted, marked 
the initiation of Democratic government in Louisiana. Afterward 
Capt. Boylan disengaged himself from political commissions and 
kindred pursuits as much as possible, with the intention of devot- 
ing his abilities to commercial pursuits, but in 1885, during the 
administration of President Cleveland, he was appointed to the 
position of assistant weigher, in the service of the Federal gov- 
ernment. He was shortly thereafter advanced to the post of 
weighei", and occupied that office for about 20 years, only resign- 
ing to enter the Boylan Detective Agency and Protective Police 
as an associate until the retirement of Capt. W. J. O'Connor, when 
Capt. Boylan assumed the direction of the agency as principal. 

Bolinger, Sanford H., of Shreveport, is one of the prominent 
lumbermen of Louisiana. He was born in Carroll county, Illinois, 
Jan. 5, 1855, a son of John B. and Sophia (Corbin) Bolinger. 
His parents moved to Kansas when he was only 9 years of age, 
where his father engaged in farming and also in the lumber busi- 
ness. The subject of this biography received his early education 
in the public schools of Fort Scott, Kan., and his education was 
completed by a 2-ycar course at Normal college in Illinois. On 
leaving college he taught school for 2 years and was assistant 
superintendent of schools at Port Scott for 1 year. After 
spending 3 years in the nursery business with indifferent suc- 
cess, Mr. Bolinger entered the retail lumber business in Kansas, 
from which state he removed to Texarkana, Ark., where he resided 
for 6 years. Mr. Bolinger became a resident of Shreveport in 
1902. His business operations in Loiiisiana cover a period of 
over 20 years. He is president of the S. H. Bolinger Lumber Co., 
and also president of Clear Creek Lumber Co., the mill for the 
former company being at Bolinger, La., and for the latter at Reeves, 
La., general offices for both at Shreveport. He was president of 
the Louisiana State Fair association for 3 years and did much 




SaNPOKD H. BOLINOER 



BIOGRAPHICAL 61 

to improve and upbuild this organization. Mr. Bolingcr has been 
active in the business and public life of the state ever since he has 
lived in Louisiana, and is regarded as one of the most influential 
citizens of his community. He is the organizer of the Shreveport 
Golf club, in which he has taken an active and prominent part. 
Fraternally he is a member of the Odd Fellows and Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks. In 1883 Mr. Bolinger was united 
in wedlock to Miss Florence Green, a native of Pennsylvania. 
Four children have been born to this union, namely, B. Hudson, 
Minta Ursie, Isa Nancy and John H. Bolinger. 

Braden, William C, a well-known and popular attorney at Lake 
Charles, was born in Mitchellville, la., Dec. 31, 1886, a son 
of Charles M. and Luella (Collins) Braden, natives of Ohio and 
Illinois, respectively. The father for a time was in the hardware 
business and later in the lumber business at Jacksonville, 
Fla., but has now retired and is living at home with his 
devoted wife. They are the parents of 3 children, namely, 
Cyrilla, William C, and Charlie E. William received his 
primary education in the public schools at Lake Charles, after 
which he enrolled at the Louisiana State university, graduating 
in the class of 1908 with the degree of B. A., and in 1910 he 
received his degree of LL. B. On leaving the university he en- 
tered the office of the well-known law firm of McCoy, Moss & 
Knox, and after being admitted to the bar practiced for a time in 
connection with this firm. He later began independently, and 
has succeeded in establishing an excellent practice. Mr. Braden 
is a member of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, and 
also of the Knights of the Maccabees of Lake Charles. He is a 
stanch Democrat in political adherency, a representative citi- 
zen and is regarded as one of the leading members of his profes- 
sion in that section. 

Brandao, Edwin P., commercial job printer. New Orleans, is 
the present efficient register of conveyances for the parish of 
Orleans. He was born at New Orleans, La., Oct. 7, 1874, and is a 
son of Edward A. and Esther (DeMeza) Brandao. His father, who 
is at this time a bookkeeper in the United States sub-treasury at 
New Orleans, was formerly, and for many years, a commercial 
job printer. He was born on the Island of Curacao of French and 
Spanish lineage, and came to New Orleans just prior to the begin- 
ning of the Civil war, in which he served as a private in the Con- 
federate army, being a member of Fenner's battery throughout 
the war. After the war he returned to New Orleans and became 
identified with the operations of the "White League" movement, 
in the course of which he participated in the memorable struggle 
of Sept. 14, 1874, at the New Orleans river front, and which re- 
sulted in the overthrow of the "carpet bag" government in Louis- 
iana. In 1873 Edward A. Brandao was married to Miss Esther 
DeMeza, who was born in New Orleans of French parentage. 
Edwin P. Brandao is the eldest of 4 children born to his par- 
ents. He passed his boyhood in the city of New Orleans, where, 
after graduating from the boys' high school he learned the print- 
ers' trade under direction of his father and subsequently was em- 



62 LOUISIANA 

ployed about five years in the circulation department of the Times- 
Democrat, New Orleans. In 1895 he embarked in the printing busi- 
ness on his own account and has achieved gratifying success. He 
is at this time president of the Brandao Printing Co., which 
is easily numbered among the leading, most progressive and effi- 
cient commercial printing establishments of the city. At the be- 
ginning of the Spanish-American war Mr. Brandao enlisted as 
second lieutenant, 2nd Louisiana regiment, volunteer infantry, 
serving 1 year in the operations of the army at that time. In 

1904 he was elected a member of the city council from the thir- 
teenth ward. In 1908 he was elected register of conveyances 
of Orleans Parish, without opposition, and in 1912 was re- 
elected to succeed himself, receiving the largest vote east for 
any parochial candidate at that election. Under his direction the 
conveyance office has been conducted with great satisfaction to 
the public, owing to material improvements in the system of con- 
ducting the business which he has incorporated into the manage- 
ment of the office. Mr. Brandao is affiliated with the Democratic 
party and is active and earnest in the support of those time- 
honored principles for which his party stands. He is thoroughly 
aligned with the progressive element of the business community 
and at all times ready to co-operate and lend his personal aid in 
behalf of any worthy or commendable enterprise or movement that 
promises advancement or betterment of conditions to the people 
among whom he lives. He is regarded as a public-spirited citizen, 
having the keenest appreciation of the obligations of American 
citizenship and the strictest interpretation of integrity, both per- 
sonal and official. He is a member of the Napoleon Avenue Pres- 
byterian church and of the Chess, Checkers and Whist club. In 

1905 Edwin P. Brandao was married to IMiss Grace Batson, a 
daughter of the late Robert Batson of New Orleans. Mr. and Mrs. 
Brandao have 2 daughters, namely, Esther and Ruth. 

Breaux, Joseph A., chief justice of the supreme court of 
Louisiana from 1904 to 1914, and previously associate justice of 
the supreme court from 1890 to 1904, has served with distinction 
on the supreme bench for a period of 24 years. Justice Breaux is 
a native of Louisiana, born in Ibei-ville parish February 18, 1838. 
His parents were John B. and Margaret (Walsh) Breaux, the 
father having been of French lineage, a native of Louisiana and a 
planter. In the course of his education Joseph A. Breaux, the 
son, attended the University of Louisiana and later Georgetown 
(Kentucky) college. He was admitted to the bar in 1859, but 
when the Civil war came on, the young attorney at once enlisted 
as a private in the Confederate army and served with loyalty to 
the cause and with distinguished gallantry throughoiit the term 
of the war. After the surrender, he returned home and began 
the earnest practice of law in 1865 at New Iberia, La. Shortly 
afterward he was made president of the school board of Iberia 
parish and proved so instrumental in increasing the efficiency of 
the common schools and making their usefulness more apparent 
that in 1888 he was elected state superintendent of public instruc- 
tion for Louisiana. While incumbent of this office he prepared a 



BIOGRAPHICAL 63 

bill remodeling the school laws of Loiusiana. This bill was intro- 
duced and passed both houses of the legislature by large major- 
ities, and in its operation thereafter largely increased the effective 
usefulness of the pxiblic school system of the state, for which the 
able and conscientious state superintendent has been widely com- 
mended. He also compiled the school laws of Louisiana and court 
decisions relating to these laws, which compilation was published 
in 1889. On April 24, 1890, he was appointed associate justice of 
the supreme court of Louisiana, and in 1904 became chief justice. 
As a jurist Justice Breaux has attained an eminence that has long 
marked him as a man of the profoundest legal knowledge, enabling 
him to render decisions that have been noted for their lucidity 
and even-bearing justice. Commenting upon his retirement from 
the supreme bench, the Times-Democrat of March 29, 1914, said: 
"Few prominent men of the state have played so long or so prom- 
inent a part in its affairs, public and private, as judge, lawyer, 
soldier and citizen; Judge Breaux is a native of the state, of an 
old and distinguished family, nearly 2 centuries domiciled in 
Louisiana, in colony, territory and state ; one of the oldest gradu- 
ates of the University of Louisiana and Georgetown college, one 
of the last connecting links between the bar of today and the 
bar of ante-bellum times, which ranked so high in public estima- 
tion throughout the Union and the world. He has been active 
since then in every progressive movement of his section, in busi- 
ness and financial enterprises, in the development and prosperity 
of the state, performing fully and honorably all his civil and po- 
litical duties. He has labored to preserve the best traditions and 
history of the state, and there is no better aiithority on those sub- 
jects than he who has seen and known all the great Louisianians of 
the last 60 years. If ever a man deserved a rest now, that he 
may give his time to less onerous yet equally honorable services, 
Judge Breaux is that man. He has won that rest, and he has 
won honor also, for during all his years before the public no one 
has ever raised a whisper against him, or failed to recognize his 
worth and patriotic services." Just after his retirement from 
the supreme court bench he was honored by the governor of the 
state by being appointed a curator of Louisiana State museum. In 
1861 Justice Breaux was married to Miss Eugenia Mille, a daugh- 
ter of Thomas Mille. Mrs. Breaux 's father was a well-known 
Louisiana planter and business man of earlier times who had much 
' to do with the rehabilitation of his portion of the. state and its 
advance toward agricultural and industrial development that has 
brought general prosperity not only to that portion, but to the 
whole commonwealth. 

Breaux, Samuel Locke, leading rice factor, first vice-president 
Pan-American Life Insurance Co., member board of directors New 
Orleans board of trade, prominent and leading citizen of New 
Orleans, is a son of Col. Gustave Aurelien and Emelie (Locke) 
Breaux, and was born at New Orleans, La., Feb. 13, 1860. Gustave 
A. Breaux, the father, was born in Lafayette parish, La.,- Decem- 
ber 28, 1828. His early education was obtained at the Jesuit col- 
lege in St. Charles parish. When 16 years of age he went, by sail- 



64 LOUISIANA 

ing vessel, mainly, to Northfield, Vermont, and there entered Nor- 
wich university, a military school. After having completed the 
course of study at this institution he matriculated in the law de- 
partment of Harvard university, Cambridge, Mass., from which 
in due time he graduated with his legal degree. He returned to 
Louisiana in 1853 and began the practice of law in the city of 
New Orleans. In 1856 Mr. Brcaux was married to Miss Emilie 
Locke, a daughter of Samuel Locke. At the beginning of the 
Civil war he raised a battalion and was made colonel of the 13th 
Louisiana regiment, subsequently serving throughout the whole 
period of the war. About the year 1867 he reentered the profes- 
sion of law with Mr. Charles E. Fcnner as a partner, and con- 
tinued in the profession until 1898, when he retired from prac- 
tice and subsequently gave his attention to the direction of his 
plantation and allied interests. During all of the period of his 
residence in the city of New Orleans he took a very active and 
prominent part in the commercial, industrial and political affairs 
of the municipality. He served as a member of the constitutional 
convention of 1879, and twice represented the 5th senatorial dis- 
trict in the Louisiana state senate. He was active in the promo- 
tion of the New Orleans Cotton centeimial and served as a mem- 
ber of the board of administrators of that enterprise and celebra- 
tion. During all the time of his residence in the city he was 
owner of a plantation in Lafayette parish, and as his hearing be- 
came defective, he determined to remove to the country and de- 
vote his talents to agricultural development, being especially inter- 
ested in sugar cane culture. In the subsequent development of his 
plantation interests, he became engaged in the manufacture of 
sugar, and the Lafayette Sugar refinery stands today as a monu- 
ment to his zeal and energy in this direction. Col. Breaux's death 
occurred Feb. 24, 1910, at his home in Lafayette parish, where 
he was born, and where he passed the last years of an active and 
useful life, honored and loved by all who knew him. In May, 1911, 
a portrait of Col. Breaux was presented to the Louisiana Sugar 
Planters' association, to be hung with the portraits of other pio- 
neers who toiled for the upbuilding of the sugar industry in Louis- 
iana. Samuel Locke Breaux has from childhood lived in New 
Orleans. His early education was obtained at St. Philip public 
school. Later he attended St. Stanislaus college, conducted by 
the Jesuit Brothers at Bay St. Louis, Miss., and still later the Vir- 
ginia Military institute, at Lexington, Va. Following his gradua- 
tion from the latter institution in the year 1875, he entered the 
service of Payne, Kennedy & Co., New Orleans cotton factors, 
and was successively employed by several firms handling cotton 
and rice until the year 1896, when he entered business on his 
own account, handling both staples, cotton and rice. Since 1904, 
he has confined his business exclusively to rice, and a large experi- 
ence, combined with a naturally keen and alert mind, and un- 
failing energy, has brought Mr. Breaux into general recognition 
as a leading authority in all matters pertaining to rice. He occu- 
pies the position of the leading rice factor in the city of New 
Orleans, where fully one-third of all the rice grown in the United 



BIOGRAPHICAL 65 

States is handled. March 1, 1914, Mr. Breaux formed a connec- 
tion with the firm of Gibert & Clay, and thus returned to cotton 
business in which he was educated, and in this connection still 
continues the rice business as a department of the above firm. 
On several occasions he has appeared before the Louisiana railroad 
commissio7i in the interest of more equitable treatment of the 
rice interests of the region tributary to New Orleans, and has 
been uniformly successful in his efforts in this direction. Pend- 
ing consideration both of the McKinley and the Payne-Aldrich 
tariffs, he went to Washington as chairman, and as champion, of 
the rice interests, and on each occasion acted as spokesman of those 
interests at the heai'ings before the ways and means committee of 
Congress. During the years 1898 and 1900 he filled the position 
of president of the New Orleans board of trade, and is at this 
time an active member and member of the board of directors of 
that body; also, chairman of the rice committee, the rice freights 
committee and the freight and transportation committee of the 
board of trade. In Jan., 1911, he went to Washington as a mem- 
ber of the New Orleans committee to work in the interest of secur- 
ing the Pan-American Exposition, and on that occasion acted as 
one of the speakers in presenting the claims of New Orleans before 
the committee on industrial arts and expositions. Mr. Breaux is 
first vice-president of the recentlj' organized Pan-American Life 
Insurance Co. of New Orleans, is a member of the Young Men's 
Gymnastic club and is affiliated with various other organizations 
and associations — altogether a man of many affairs and complex 
interests, and above all things vigilant and fully alive to the inter- 
ests of the people among whom he lives. April 6, 1885, Mr. Breaux 
was married to Miss Nina Williams, and to their union 1 son 
Sanniel Locke Breaux, Jr., was born, April 21, 1886. Mrs. Breaux 
died Nov. 20J 1892, and April 19, 1894, Mr. Breaux was married to 
Miss Nina Alice Rogers. 

Breaux, Hon. J. Napoleon, planter and member Louisiana state 
legislature, Broussard, Lafayette parish, La., was born at Brons- 
sard, Oct. 14, 1867 ; son of Paul and Mary (Landry) Breaux, both 
of whom were born in Lafayette parish, near the town of Brou.s- 
sard, the father in the year 1842 and the mother in 1841. Both 
parents are living at this time. Paul Breaux, the father, served 
4 years in the Confederate army as a member of the 26th 
Louisiana vohinteer infantry. He has followed the avocation of 
a planter throughout life, and is still an active worker, taking the 
lead in the operations of the plantation. He lives at the old home- 
stead where he was born, and where his father also was born. 
The father, Jean Breaux, paternal grandfathei- of J. Napoleon 
Breaux, likewise followed the avocation of a Louisiana planter 
throughout life. The paternal great-grandfather, Breaux, was 
born in Nova Scotia and came to Louisiana with the Acadian 
exiles. The maternal grandfather, Clet. Landry, was born in 
Lafayette parish. La. His father also was a planter, and came 
from' Nova Scotia with the Acadians. J. Napoleon Breaux was 
the first of 9 children, 8 of whom are living, born to his parents. 
He attended private schools at Broussard. At the early age of 
III— 5 



66 LOUISIANA 

8 j'oars he began work on the home plantation, which has now 
been in the family through several generations, and hi which 
he became part owner in the year 1905. He, like his father, 
and grandfather, has made a lifetime occupation of planting. In 
1910 he visited Europe, traveling through Spain, Italy, Ireland, 
Germany, Switzerland, England and France, and while in Rome 
had the pleasure of seeing the pope. In 1886 Mr. Breaux was 
married to Miss Esthas Taylor of Lafayette parish, a daughter of 
Heilaine Taylor, a native of the latter parish. The Taylor family 
came from North Carolina to Louisiana. Their son, Paul N., is 
the only child born to them. Mr. Breaux is affiliated with the 
Roman Catholic church and is a member of the Knights of Co- 
lumbus and the Holy Name society. From 1909 to 1912, embracing 
a term of 3 years, Mr. Breaux served the people of the par- 
ish as a member of the Lafayette parish school board. In the 
latter year he was elected to represent his parish for a term of 
4 years in the Louisiana state legislature, and is now incum- 
bent of that office, and is serving as a member of 3 of the im- 
portant committees of the lower house of the legislature, these 
being committees on education, capital and labor and parochial 
affairs. Mr. Breaux is and has always been thoroughly identified 
with the best interests of the planting and farming industry in 
Louisiana, in which connection he has been a pronounced success, 
and as a member of the lower house of the legislature he is par- 
ticularly alive to protecting and advancing the agricultural inter- 
ests of the state in every legitimate way that such ends may be 
furthered. He is demonstrating that a siiccessful farmer can be 
very useful as a memlx>r of the state legislature. 

Brierre, Maurice E., son of Theodore and Angele (Wogan) 
Brierre, was born in New Orleans, March 22, 1861. Theodore 
Brierre was born in Paris in 1830 and came to America when 21 
years old, settling in New Orleans. He was one of the pioneers in 
the sugar business first as a broker, then as a merchant. This he 
continued until 1888, when he retired and, returning to France, 
lived in Nice until his death, Sept. 20, 1913. Maurice E. Briei're 
received his education in Jefferson college, St. James parish, where 
he graduated in the commercial course, when 19 years of age ; suc- 
ceeding this he took a trip to Europe with his father and upon his 
return he went into business with his father and brother George. 
He has remained in the same calling to the present time, adding 
molasses and rice to sugar. He is a member of the Chess, Check- 
ers and Whist club, and one of the city's well-known and pros- 
perous business men. April 24, 1884, Mr. Brierre mai'ried J\Iiss 
Felicie Burthe of New Orleans, daughter of Judge Leonce Burthe, 
deceased. To Mr. and Mrs. Bi'ierre the following children have 
been liorn : ^Maurice E., Jr., Henry R. and Angele, wife of Walter 
Bell Humphreys. 

Broussard, Capt. Edwin S., successful attorney of New Iberia, 
La., and brother to Hon. Robert F. Broussard, United States sen- 
ator-elect, was boi'n on the old Broussard plantation — Marie 
Louise — in Iberia pai'ish, La., Dec. 4, 1874. The plantation for- 
merly was in St. Martin parish, but when Iberia paiish was formed 



BIOGRAPHICAL 67 

from St. iMartin the old place fell within the newly formed par- 
islu The father, J. Dorville Broussard, was born on Marie Louise 
plantation, in St. Martin parish, in the year 1832, and died in 
1906. During the Civil war the father filled the position of re- 
corder for St. Martin parish, but he nevertheless organized and 
was elected captain of a company of home guards. He 
afterward served as assessor of St. Martin parish and during a 
period of 20 years served as a member of the police jury of Iberia 
parish. His "wife, Anastasia (Gonsoulin) Broussard, was born in 
Iberia parish and died in the same locality in the year 1898, at 
the age of 61 years. The paternal grandfather, Don Louis Brous- 
sard, was born in St. Martin parish and died at New Iberia, La. 
He occupied the office of mayor of St. Martinville during several 
terms. The paternal great-great-grandfather Broussard was an 
Acadian, and came from Nova Scotia with a band of Acadian immi- 
grants in the year 1765, locating in St. Martin parish. The mater- 
nal grandfather, Francois Gonsoulin, came to Louisiana from 
France for the purpose 'of surveying and allotting lands for the 
French government, and after having completed this work he took 
up permanent residence in St. Martin parish, where he remained 
during the remainder of his life. All members of this branch oL' 
the Broussard family were born at the old plantation family home 
in St. Martin parish. The subject of this sketch was born at the 
same place, but after the plantation had become a part of Iberia 
parish. Edwin S. Broussard, the suliject of this sketch, attended 
the public schools of the locality in which he was born. In 1890 
he entered the academic department of Tulane university, but at 
this time only remained 1 year. In 1891 he entered the prepara- 
tory school of Louisiana State university and graduated in the 
agricultural course with the class of 1896. During the term 1896-97 
he filled the position of principal of the high school at Jeanerette, 
La. In 1897-98 he served as principal of the high school at St. 
Martinville. In the spring of the latter year he resigned to organ- 
ize a company of inimunes for sei'vice in the Spanish-Amei-icnn 
war, and was elected captain of his company, which became Com- 
pany I, 2nd United States Volunteer Immunes. The reginuMit ren- 
dezvoused at Covington, La., embarked on transport at New 
Orleans and went to Santiago, Cuba, being the first regiment to 
enter Cuba after the peace protocol had been signed, and remained 
in Cuba from August, 1898, until May, 1899. Being ranking cap- 
tain of his battalion, Capt. Broussard acted in the capacity of 
major much of the time. His regiment was mustered out of serv- 
ice at Camp Meade, Pa., in the autumn of 1899, and innuediately 
thereafter he entered the College of Law, Tulaiu> university. After 
a short time, however, he was appointed a government clerk to tlu^ 
Taft commission, of which "William Howard Taft was head, to the 
Philippine Islands. He remained, in the Philippines until nearly 
time for the beginning of the fall term, and then, in September, 
1900, returned and again entered the law school of Tulane univer- 
sity, where he was elected president of his class, being, it is .said, 
the first country boy to be honored with a law class presidency at 
Tulane university. He graduated with the class of 1901, and 



68 LOUISIANA 

immediately thereafter began tlie practice of law at New Iberia, 
where he has since been continuously so engaged. In 1903 he was 
appointed district attorney to fill out an unexpired term, and in 
1905 was elected to succeed himself in that office during a term 
of four years. Since 1909 he has been engaged in private prac- 
tice, in partnership with A. J. Cammack, under the firm name of 
Cammaek & Broussard. June 22, 1905, Capt. Broussard was mar- 
ried to Miss Marie Patout, a daughter of F. Patout. Four chil- 
dren have been born to Capt. and Mrs. Broussard, as follows : Felix 
Patout, Edwin S., Jr., Marie Louise and J. Dorville. Capt. Brous- 
sard has been affiliated with the Democratic party since the time 
of easting his first ballot, but recently has declared hi.s affiliation 
with the Progressive party. He takes an active part in politics 
and public affairs generallj% and is deeply appreciative of the obli- 
gations and dvities of American citizenship. He is a member of 
the Roman Catholic church, the Benevolent and Protective Order 
of Elks and the Knights of Columbi;s. Few if any families of 
Louisiana have been longer, more intimately or more prominently 
identified with the history, growth and development of the state 
of Louisiana than has the family of Broussard. From the time of 
the arrival of the first representatives of the family, as Acadian 
immigrants, to the present day, they have been filling positions of 
responsibility, trust and honor, and have not been found wanting. 
John Broussard of Pinhook, La., has in his possession the original 
commission issued to one of his and Capt. Edwin S. Broussard 's 
ancestors as commandante of Acadians. LTnited States Senator- 
elect Robert F. Broussard is a brother to Capt. Edwin S. Brous- 
sard, the subject of this sketch. 

Broussard, J. Otto, successful and well-known attorney and 
president of the board of school directors of Vermilion parish, 
La. ; residence, Abbeville, Vermilion parish. La., was born at 
Abbeville, La., Oct. 7, 1881 ; son of Hon. Lastie and Perpetue (May- 
ard) Broussard, both of whom were born in Vermilion pari.sh. 
La., the former in the year 18.38 and the latter in 1857. The 
mother died in the locality in which she was born in 1907 and the 
father in 1911. The paternal grandfather, A. A. Broussard, was 
born in Vermilion parish, where he also died at the age of 76 years. 
He married Marie Coralie Broiissard. The name originally was 
Broussard or Brassard, it is said. There were two brothers who 
came with the Acadian colony from Nova Scotia in 1765. One of 
these, Joseph Broussard, called "Beau soliel" — truthful son — 
was the first of this branch of the Broussard family in Louisiana. 
He located in the Attakapas country in Lafayette parish. Hon. 
Lastie Broussard, father of the subject of this sketch, was an 
extensive planter. When yet a young man he was elected assessor 
of the parish, and following this he was elected clerk of court and 
so served during 24 years. Afterward he represented the 
senatorial district composed of Vermilion and St. Mary par- 
ishes in the Louisiana state senate, and successively filled various 
other political offices. After retiring from the office of clerk of 
coui't he passed an examination before the supreme court of Louis- 
iana and was admitted to the bar and licensed to practice in the 



BIOGRAPHICAL 69 

courts of Louisiana., Ho retired from active practice a few years 
previous to his death. J. Otto Broussard was twelfth of 15 chil- 
dren born to his parents, 10 of whom are living at this time. J. 
Otto was a student in both private and public schools at Abbeville, 
following which, in 1898, he entered Jefferson college, at Con- 
vent, La., from which he graduated in 1902 with the degree of 
A. B. He then became assistant principal of the Abbeville high 
school and so remained during 2 years. He then returned to 
Jeffei-son college and took the degree of A. M., having taken the 
course while teaching. In 1904 he entered the law department of 
the University of the South, Sewanee, Tenn., and remained a stu- 
dent at that institution during one year, then entering the law 
department of Tulanc university, from which he graduated with 
tlie decree of LL. B. in the class of 1905. He was admitted to the 
bar May 16 of that year, and immediately began practice at Abbe- 
ville, where he has since resided and given his attention to legal 
practice. At this time Mr. Broussard is president of the board 
of school directors of Vermilion parish. In 1905 Mr. Broussard 
was married to Miss Minnie W. Putnam of Abbeville, and 3 
children have been born to their union, these being Agnes Put- 
nam, Dorothy Octavia and J. Otto, Jr. Mr. Broussard is a member 
of the Roman Catholic church and is affiliated with the Democratic 
party. He also is a thii'd degree Knight of Columbus, New Iberia 
council; Woodmen of the World, Abbeville Camp; Woodmen's Cir- 
cle, Magnolia Grove. 

Broussard, Hon. Zacharie B., clerk of court and member of Louis- 
iana state legislature, Abbeville, La., was born near Lake Pegnier, 
Vermilion parish. La., Jan. 26, 1873; son of Minos C. and 
Azena Eulalie (Duhon) Broussard, lioth of whom were born in 
Vermilion parish. La., where the father died in the year 1901 
at the age of 62 years. He is survived by his wife at this time. 
The paternal grandfather, Edouard Broussard, was born in Ver- 
milion parish and died in the locality in which he was born at 
the age of 61 years. The paternal great-grandfather, August 
Broussard, also was born in Vermilion parish and there lived 
throughout life. Minos C. Broussard, the father, was actively 
engaged in farming during the earlier part of his life, and was 
identified with that industry thi'oughout life. He served through- 
out the whole period of the Civil war, in support of the cause of 
the South. After the surrender he returned home and during the 
reconstruction days served as assistant tax collector. Later he 
was a member of the school board. He held either an elective or 
an appointive office from the year 1895 continuously to the time of 
his death, and was never a candidate for any office to which he 
was not triumphantly elected. Notwithstanding this, however, the 
family has for generations i^ast been identified witli farming and 
agricultural interests in Southwest Louisiana. Zacharie B. Brous- 
sard was fifth of 13 children born to hFs parents — 6 sons and 7 
daughters. Of these 6 sons and 6 daughters arc now living. Zach- 
arie B. attended a public school that was located on his father's 
plantation. Later he attended a private high school conducted 
by Prof. R. A. Smith at Arcadia, La., during 3 terms. When 



70 LOUISIANA 

his education had been thus completed he, in 1865, returned to 
Abbeville and entered the sheriff's office as deputy tax collector, so 
reuaaining during 6 years. During the succeeding 6 years he occu- 
pied a clerical position in the office of the clerk of court. In 
1904 he became a candidate for the Louisiana state legislature, and 
at the succeeding election was elected by an almost unanimous vote. 
During the term of his incumbency as representative he partici- 
pated in 3 sessions of the legislature, there having been an extraor- 
dinary session called by Governor Blanchard. During these ses- 
sions Representative Broussard served as a member of each of 
the following committees: Contingent expense, ways and means 
and corporations. During the session oif 1904 a bill was intro- 
duced known as the "Mermentau tax levy district bill," and he 
supported this measure, but afterward learned that his action in 
this particular instance was contrary to the wishes of his con- 
stituents. He therefore took the stump, acknowledging his mis- 
take and promising to use his influence toward having this bill 
repealed, which he did successfully at the next session of the legis- 
lature, 1906. He was elected to the legislature on the Jastremski 
platform, which advocated election to*all offices by direct vote 
of the people, and this measure was enacted during his term as a 
member of the general assembly. In 1908 he was elected to the 
office of parish assessor for a term of 4 years, but did not assume 
the duties of the office until Jan. 1, 1909, as he had been appointed 
chief clerk of the enrollment room to the legislature. His work 
in this connection was so satisfactory that at the end cf the ses- 
sion the other clerks of the office presented him with a valuable 
gold pen as a token of appreciation, and the speaker of the house 
from the rostrum complimented him highly on the efficiency of his 
work, saying that if there were more like him it would be far 
better for the house. In addition to these publicly expressed sen- 
timents of appreciation, he was also presented with a sum of 
money by the speaker of the house as a further and more sub- 
stantial acknowledgment of the value of his services. Upon assum- 
ing the duties of the office of assessor, to which he had been elected, 
he put in much of his time equalizing the assessment equitably 
between the large and small property owners. At the end of the 
fii'st year the police jury refused to pay his salary, on the ground 
that iie had reduced the assessment to too low a point. Accordingly 
he sued the parish, and in the Disti'ict court and Court of Appeals 
received a judgment. The case attracted state-wide attention. In 
Jan., 1912, Representative Broussard became a candidate for the 
office of clerk of court, against the incumbent at that time who had 
occupied the office 12 years, and previous to that time had been 
assessor during 4 years. In his candidacy he met with strong 
opposition from all of the parish officials, with but one exception. 
However, he took the stump in his own behalf, making speeches 
in both French and English, and was triumphantly elected. He 
has been incumbent of that office since May, 1912. In Dec, 1897, 
Representative Broussard was married to Miss Regina Bessan, who 
died in 1898, leaving 1 daughter, Mary Lillian Ruby. In Nov., 
1899, Mr. Broussard was married to Miss Mary Eve Thibodeaux, 



BIOGRAPHICAL 71 

and 3 childrpii have. been 1joi-n to this union, namely: Zacharie 
Warren, John Baptist Harris and Regina, all of whom were born 
2 yeai's apart and in the same month. Mr. Broiissard is a mem- 
ber of the Roman Catholic church, and is affiliated with the Wood- 
men of the World and the Woodmen's Circle. He has been affili- 
ated with the Democratic party since beginning the exercise of the 
elective franchise. Representative Broussard has a strong hold 
upon the confidence of the people of Abbeville and Vermilion par- 
ish, who have known him well from his earliest childhood and 
have good reason to believe that he will at all times carefully guard 
their inte^^ests to the best of his ability. 

Browne, Eppes Wayles, attorney at law, Shreveport, La., was 
born at Lake Providence, La., Aug. 27, 1879 ; son of Benjamin F. 
and Laura Ella (Eppes) Browne, the former of whom was born at 
Troy, Ala., in 1839, and is a descendant of an old Alabama family, 
the progenitor of which came from England. Since the early for- 
mative days in the history of Alabama the family has been well 
known in that state. At the beginning of the Civil war Benjamin 
F. Browne enlisted as a private in the 47th Alabama infantry, and 
served the cause of the Confederacy throughout the war, during 
which he participated in a number of the fiercely-contested engage- 
ments of that memorable struggle. He was wounded at the Battle 
of Fredericksburg, and at the Battle of Seven Pines was promoted 
to the rank of lieutenant for gallant conduct under fire. He par- 
ticipated in much of the hardest field service during the war. 
After the surrender he became a planter of East Carroll parish, 
La., and to this occupation devoted his energies until 1908, when 
he retired from active business, and now resides with his son, 
E. Wayles Browne, at Shreveport, La. The mother was born in 
Louisiana, a daughter of John Wayles Eppes, a native of Vir- 
ginia and a prominent and wealthy planter of Louisiana. He 
came of an old Virginia family of Welsh and English origin. Mar- 
tha Wayles, widow of John Skelton, a Virginia planter, became 
the wife of Thomas Jefferson, and was noted as a woman of great 
beauty and talent, possessing the rarest graces of person and 
character. She was related to that branch of the Wa,vles family 
from which Mrs. Browne descended. Benjamin F. and Mi'S. Browne 
became the parents of 7. children, 4 of whom died in early child- 
hood. Those surviving are : Benella Octavia, now Mrs. John T. 
Barnett of Eufaula, Ala. ; Eppes Wayles, the subject of this sketch, 
and Percy Newby Browne. Both surviving sons are practicing 
attorneys and members of the law firm of Browne, Williams & 
Browne of the city of Shreveport. Perc.y Newby Browne was 
born at Lake Providence, La., in 1884, and is a representative law- 
yer. Eppes Wayles Browne passed his boyhood and youth at 
Lake Providence, where he attended the public schools. Aftei' 
graduating from high school he entered Louisiana State univer- 
sity, but left that institution after having completed his junior 
year and entered the law department of Tulane university, at New 
Orleans, where he graduated with the degree of Bachelor of Laws 
with the class of 1904. Shortly thereafter ho began the practice 
of law at Lake Providence, under the firm name of Davis & 



72 LOUISIANA 

Browne. After about 2 years of practice here the firm removed 
to Shreveport, both members changing their place of residence 
and the firm name remaining unchanged. In Feb., 1907, 
Percy Ncwby Browne became a member of the firm and later Mr. 
Davis withdrew and Mr. Williamson entered the firm. Eppes 
Wayles Browne is affiliated with the Democratic party and has 
been active in the support of Democratic principles and the inter- 
ests of his party. Gov. Hall appointed him attorney to the tax 
colloctoi-, which position he occupies at this time. During the tei'm 
of his incumbency he has made a mai'ked record in the collection 
of inheritance and license taxes, of which much more .has been 
collected since he went into office than at any previous time. At- 
torney Browne is a member of the Benevolent and Protective Order 
of Elks. In 1908 Mr. Browne was married to Miss Grace Hall Long, 
a daughter of Bailey W. Long, clerk of court of Harrison county, 
Tex., and a granddaughter of Judge Harry H. Hall, who was a 
prominent attorney and jurist at Hallville, Harrison county, Tex. 
Mr. and Mrs. Browne have 1 son, E. Wayles, Jr., a bright boy of 4 
years. The firm of Browne, Williamson & Browne represents sev- 
eral large corporations and enjoys the reputation of being a strong 
corporation law firm in civil practice. 

Bnienn, Bernard, the subject of this sketch, a native of New 
Orleans, was born in 1859, of foreign parentage, illustrates the 
combined effects of racial characteristics and healthy forebears. 
His father, the late Zachary Bruenn, who died Nov. 23, 1912, in his 
90th year, and his mother, Deborah Soligman, who died Aug. 5, 
1874, from the effects of medical misdii'ection, were l)oth of Euro- 
pean bii'th, and possessed sturdy frames, as the result of prudent 
living and the avoidance of excesses of any kind, so inherent a trait 
of the Hebrew race. Coming to New Orleans, the father entered 
upon a career of raei-chandising which lasted from 1851 until 
within several years of his death, leaving an untaniished record 
of his life's work as the best of inheritances for his offspring. 
Bernard Bruenn, a studious youth from the outset, acquired his 
preliminary education in private and public schools of New Or- 
leans, supplementing it as he approached the years of maturity 
with his own unaided efforts. He entered the law school of the 
University of Louisiana at New Orleans, -and graduated with the 
degree of LL. B., in 1881. He then started upon the pi'actiee of his 
profession, being taken in 1886 into the law partnership made up 
of Albert H. Leonard, just then retiring after a brilliant service 
of 8 years from the office of United States district attorney for the 
district of Louisiana, and Mori'is Marks, who had previously filled 
various Federal offices, the last being that of internal revenue col- 
lector for the disti'ict of Louisiana. This law partnership endured 
until the end of 1890. Mr. Bi'ueiin, early in 1891, traveled on the 
continent of Europe, whence he retui-ned to New York citj' late in 
that year, to assume the task of representing a number of English 
bondholders interested in railroad and other properties in and 
near the tidewater region of the state of Virginia. From that time 
and until the termination of the railroad receivership and during 
the period required for the reorganization of the railroad com- 



BIOGRAPHICAL "^^ 

uanv's affairs in 1894, Mr. Brucnn divided his labors botwcon the 
So? Norfolk aiKl Portsmouth, Va.; refusing an offer of the 
^resdencv of the reorganized railway company, he went to New 
piesiaency " ^ ^ ,in there matters of detail connected with his 

'wee Indivklual preference, .s well as eert«m -„' f"";'' 

^"Hr,hr aS:\xt;r ?;."T,1.'.i"rrs ^eS 

"ffl W,tl reoaJ 1 o the onlv political party in Louisiana, he has 
ifld inTqui way thl'^under^the conditions which have existed 
• o iSTfi Tt was far better that honest well-meaning citizens of 
r tlfe sii uirall^Ihemselves with its regular faction politically^ 
Thei-e hi he regular party councils, more general good might le 
accomplshod by honest men, than by an ephemenal and hasti y 
JgSed faction, claiming to be in its entirety the on^^ sa^' ng 
o-race of the Democratic party. Nationally, Mr ^nienn always 
faJored the Republican party, because it was as he conchided io, 
Ir /.v^morlintP nnd lastin<^ good of Louisiana that its greatest crops 
'-^ ug ra if ic i^^^^^^^^ yot a while the helping hand of the gen- 
era? government to steady them as against the world's competition 
of ni??e favored climate and cheaper labor. Now that these mdus- 
?rie^ have been deprived of almost all that has been a reason of 
JheTr sm-vival the position taken by Mr. Bruenn has been fully 
iusfied During the prevalence of the dread yellow fever m New 
Orieais in t e summer of 1905 Mr. Bruenn, noting the ineffectual 
Tttemits made bv the local authorities to stem the progress of the 
n aguf suSSted in an open letter published in the Times-Demo- 
crafon Aug 22, 1905, the taking over by the Federal authorities 
of all nutrantin; stations then under control of the several state 
• authoriS Already the officers of the United States marine hos- 
S service at the "request of the general public, had joined forces 
^i tJe Louisiana state board of health and had «ho-n vemarka^de 
scientific efficiency, with the resultant beneficial effects. ^ 'le 'c e^ 
thrown out by the letter referred to was subsequently P''acUeally 
deveToped in "the purchase by the United States government from 
the state of Louisiana of its well equipped quarantine station near 
the mouth of the Mississippi river. Ever since then the entie 
Southland has rested in perfect security against ^iiy . f urfJeT in- 
vSn of the much dreaded yellow fever plague. During the fac- 
tkna political fight which prevailed in New Orleans m the fall 
of 1904 when the regular Democratic organization was opposed by 



74 LOUISIANA 

what was then termed the "Home Rule" party, Mr. Bruenn, 
without his knowledge, was unanimously nominated for the posi- 
tion of district attorney on the ticket to be put forward by that 
party. Tliis honor, highly appreciated because of its unsolicited 
tender, was declined. Besides closely following the duties pressed 
upon him by diligent attention to his profession, Mr. Bruenn found 
time to devote himself to some years of busy work on the local 
press, along special lines, in which he achieved no little success. 
He is a member of the Masonic fraternity, as also of several clubs 
and of the charitable organizations. His professional activities 
have brought him into intimate contact with the members of the 
local bench and bar, by all of whom he is recognized as an able 
lawyer and a gentleman of the highest standards. 

Brans, Henry Dickson, M. D., was born at Charleston, S. C, 
June 15, 1859. He was the son of Dr. J. Dickson Bruns and Sara 
(Dickson) Bruns, both of Charleston, S. C. His mother was the 
daughter of Samuel Henry Dickson, of Charleston, professor of 
medicine in the Charleston Medical college, also of the College of 
Physicians and Surgeons, New Yoi'k, and Jefferson Medical col- 
lege, Philadelphia. He was author of Dickson's "Practice of 
Medicine," a poet, public man, splendid orator, and was deeply 
interested in politics. Dr. J. Dickson Bruns, father of the sub- 
ject of this sketch, was a graduate of Jefferson Medical college 
and practiced for a short time at Charleston. He enlisted in the 
service of the Confederacy, was present at the fall of Fort Sumter, 
liecame a surgeon in the Southern army, and served until the end 
of the war in 1865. Following that he studied in London and Paris 
and came to New Orleans to take the chair of physiology in the 
Charity Hospital Medical college, from which place he passed to 
the chair of practice of medicine. He was an intimate friend of 
Drs. Samuel Choppin, J. C. Beard and Warren Brickell, with whom 
he founded the New Orleans infirmary. All 4 men were iden- 
tified with the movement against black and tan government in 
Louisiana. Drs. Bruns and Beard wei'e among the speakers at the 
mass meeting at Clay statue, in Sept., 1874, and took part in the 
fight of Sept. 14, that year, which iTsulted in the downfall of 
the radical administration of Louisiana. Dr. Bruns was acting 
ad.iutant general on the staff of Gen. F. N. Ogden. At his death he 
willed his gold watch to Gen. Ogden. When the general died, the 
watch was returned to Dr. H. D. Bruns, who treasures it more 
highly than any of his other possessions. Two children were born 
of Dr. J. Dickson Bruns' first marriage: Henry Dickson Bruns, 
M. D., and the late Mrs. (Margaret Steward) Lawrason, of Shreve- 
port. In 1870 Dr. Bruns' lather mai'ried Miss Mary Peiree. Two 
sons were born, and they are residents of Baltimore with their 
mother, who is a daughter of Levi Peiree, j'elative of the former 
president of the United States. Henry Dickson Bruns was edu- 
cated in private schools of New Orleans until 1876, when he entered 
the University of Virginia, for 2 years. Returning to New Orleans 
in the fall of 1878, he began the study of medicine in the University 
of Louisiana, now Tulane. In April, 1879, by competitive exam- 
ination, he was admitted as resident student at the Charitv hos- 



BIOGRAPHICAL 75 

pital. In the fall of 1880 he attended Jefferson Medical college, 
where he graduated in 1881. He next studied ophthalmology in 
schools of New York and Philadelphia and came back to New 
Orleans in 1880 to practice ophthalmology, becoming connected 
with the Charity hospital as specialist and in 1889-92 as pathologist. 
In 1892 he was appointed surgeon in charge of the eye department 
of the Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat hospital and he still fills that 
position, besides acting as surgeon-in-chief. In 1888 Dr. Bruns 
aided in establishing the New Orleans polyclinic, now the post- 
graduate medical department of Tulane university. He was in 
1890 managing editor of the New Orleans Medical and Surgical 
Journal. About 1910 he became emeritus professor of diseases of 
the eye. He is professor for the term 1913-14 in the Tulane post- 
graduate medical department. In 1895 Dr. Bruns was president 
of the State Medical society ; in 1901, member of the American 
Ophthalmological society. He has contributed many articles to 
various medical journals and in 1886 he translated from the 
French brochure by Francisque Sarcey, "Mind Your Eyes." He 
is a member of the Parish, State and National Medical associations. 
Dr. Bruns took an active part in the political campaign against 
the Louisiana state lottery, and was chairman of the parish com- 
mittee of the anti-lottery wing of the Democratic party. He was 
one of the original members, and on the executive committee of the 
Good Government league in 1911, and was chairman of the regis- 
tration committee which caused the striking off the registration 
lists of 15,000 names. He was chairman in 1888 of the executive 
committee. Young Men's Democratic association. During that 
campaign there was waged the first successful fight against the 
city ring. Dr. Bruns had personal charge of the campaign and 
was at the head of 3,000 armed men at the polls for over 3 
days until the last ballot-box was brought in. During the Citizens' 
league campaign, in 1896, he was member of the executive com- 
mittee. Oct. 17, 1888, Dr. Bruns married Miss Kate Logan, daugh- 
ter of Gen. T. M. Logan, of Charleston, S. C, and New York, who 
was the youngest general in the Confederate army, serving under 
Gen. Wade Hampton most of the time and was with Gen. Johnston 
at Atlanta. He surrendered to Gen. Sherman. Dr. Bruns and 
wife, Kate (Logan) Bruns, have 4 sons: T. M. L. Bruns, law stu- 
dent at Tulane university, and B. A. graduate of the University of 
Virginia ; John Dickson Bruns, educated at the University of Vir- 
ginia and now a business man ; James Henry Bruns, law student at 
Tulane university ; Thomas Nelson Carter Bruns, in the public 
schools. Dr. Bruns is a member of the Pi Kappa Alpha fraterpity, 
which he joined while at the University of Virginia, and in which 
he still takes an active interest. He is a member of the National 
Municipal league, of the American Free Trade league, and a large 
number of societies. 

Brunot, Harney Felix, well-known attorney and jurist, Baton 
Rouge, La., was born at the plantation home of his maternal grand- 
father in Catahoula parish. La., Oct. 8, 1860. He is a son of Felix 
R. and Jennie (Neely) Brunot. The father was born at Baton 
Rouge, La., in 1832, and died at the age of 30 years, his death re- 



76 LOUISIANA 

suiting from pneumonia while in army service as a lieutenant in 
the Pelican rifles, 3d Louisiana regiment. He followed the profes- 
sion of a practicing attorney. The Brunot family is one of the 
oldest in Louisiana. In tracing the history of this family it is 
learned that 2 brothers, Hillary and Sanson Brunot, as French 
soldiers, joined Lafayette and participated in the American Revo- 
lution, subsequently settling in the state of Pennsylvania. Sanson 
Brunot 's sons were devout Christians, and 3 of them became min- 
isters of the Episcopal church. His son, Hillary Brunot, was the 
father of James M. Brunot, who was born in Pennsylvania and 
came to Louisiana about 1826, locating at Baton Rouge, where he 
practiced law throughout the remainder of his life. His death 
occurred in 1856. His wife was a Miss Jones, and 4 daughters and 
2 sons were born to their union, 1 of these sons being Felix R. 
Brunot, the father of Judge Harney Felix Brunot, who was reared 
in Baton Rouge and educated at Louisiana state university. In 
1882 he graduated in law from Tulane university of Louisiana. He 
has resided in Baton Rouge from childhood. Following his gradu- 
ation he began the practice of his profession at Baton Rouge, and 
in the same year of his graduation was elected to the office of city 
attorney of Baton Rouge, remaining incumbent of that position 4 
years. In 1896 he was elected .judge of the 22d judicial district, 
and served in that capacity until the year 1904, when he was de- 
feated for reelection. During the succeeding 2 years he occupied 
the office of state printer, and in 1906 was again elected to the 
office of district judge, of which station he has remained incum- 
bent to this time. Judge Brunot married Miss Alice L. Laycock, a 
daughter of Di-. Samuel G. Laycock, of Baton Rouge. Two chil- 
dren have been born to their union, these being Joseph Laycock 
Brunot, a law graduate of the class of 1912, Louisiana state univer- 
sity, and now a practicing attorney at Baton Rouge, and Mai-y 
Elizabeth Brunot. Judge Brunot is president of the Elks Theatre 
Co., a realty corporation of Baton Rouge. He is a member of the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, is a Knight of Pythias, a 
Knight Templar ilason, and a Noble of the Mystic Shrine. 

Buckner, Henry S., commercial agent for all the New York 
Central R. R. lines, was born in New Orleans, Sept. 14, 1869, son 
of James Buckner, a native of Virginia, who came to the Crescent 
City about the year 1853. Both James and his wife, who was Miss 
Julia Rawls, of Philadelphia, Pa., are residing in New Orleans. 
The Buckners are of an old English family, a member of which 
Gen. Simon Bolivar Buckner was a distinguished citizen of Ken- 
tucky. Mr. Henry S. Buckner is one of 11 children, 7 sons and 4 
daughters, all living at this writing, and residing in different sec- 
tions of this country. Those who reside in New Orleans besides 
Henry S. are Helen, wife of W. A. Brand ; Christine, wife of Eben 
McCall ; and Laura, wife of Newton Kearney ; and Fred Buckner. 
The subject of this sketch spent his boyhood in New Orleans, and 
received his education in the schools of that city, and at Bellevue 
college, Virginia, where he studied 2 years. He then went to Pass 
Christian, Miss., residing there 4 years. On his return to New 
Orleans, Mr. Buckner was employed as trace clerk by the Southern 



BIOGRAPHICAL 77 

Pacific R. R. He was connected with that line for 12 years, having 
been promoted several times, gradually reaching the position of 
commercial agent. In 1902 he was offered the agency of the 
C. C. C & St. L. (Big Four) and accepted same. Four years later 
he was appointed commercial agent of all the N. Y. C. lines, com- 
prising the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern, Michigan Central, 
Lake Erie & Western, and the Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago & 
St. Louis (Big Four). He is a member of the Hoo Hoo society, and 
is one of the old members of the Chess, Checkers and Whist club. 

Bullock, Otis W., prominent attorney, Shreveport, La., was born 
at Arizona, Claiborne parish. La., Aug. 24, 1875, son of James 
Monroe and Lula (Kimbell) Bullock, both of whom were born in 
the state of Louisiana. The paternal grandfather, William 0. 
Bullock, came from Mississippi to Louisiana in 1859, locating in 
Claiborne parish, where he followed the avocation of a planter, 
as does also the father. Both parents are living at this time. Otis 
W. Bullock is the eldest of 9 children born to his parents, all of 
whom are living. His- boyhood was passed in the locality in which 
he was born, where he attended the public schools, following which 
he took a business course in the Dallas Business college, Dallas, 
Tex. He then matriculated at Ruston college, and following his 
term here entered the Arcadia Male and Female college at Arcadia, 
La., from which he graduated with the degree of B. A. in 1895. 
Following this he attended the Southern Normal university, Hunt- 
ington, Tenn., from which he graduated with the degree of B. S. 
in 1897. After a special course at the University of the South, 
Sewanee, Tenn., he matriculated at the law school of the University 
of Virginia, from which well-known institution he graduated with 
the degree of LL. B. in the class of 1907. Shortly following his 
graduation he opened offices at Ruston, La.,. and there began the 
practice of his profession, remaining in that location until the year 
1911, when he removed to Shreveport, where he has continued m 
the practice with gratifying success. He began teaching when 18 
years of age, and taught and attended school alternately, thereby 
• obtaining his education. He taught for 9 years in Texas and 
Louisiana, and was principal of the business department of Ruston 
college in the latter state, during the years 1894 and 1895. His 
last experience as a teacher was principal of the Simsboro high 
school, at Simsboro, La. At the time of his graduation in law he 
stood second in his class at the University of Virginia. In 1897 
Mr. Bullock was married to Miss Jessie Duty, a daughter of Mil- 
ton Duty, of Simsboro, La. Two children have been born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Bullock, these being Byron, 14 years old, and Lyndall, 
12 years. Mr. Bullock is a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, South, and of the Masonic fraternity, being a Royal Arch 
Mason. 

Butler, Thomas, lawver and planter, was born in West Feliciana 
parish. La., Dec. 6, 1840, and is a representative of one of the most 
prominent families of the state. The Butler family has numerous 
members in West Feliciana parish, where Thomas Butler, the 
founder of the family there, settled nearly a century ago. He was 
the grandfather of the subject of this sketch, and was a native ot 



78 LOUISIANA 

the state of Pennsylvania. His fatheu was Col. Thomas Butler of 
the regular army of the United States and a patriot and soldier 
of the American Revolution. After hi.s marriage with Mi.ss Ann 
Ellis, of Mississippi, Thomas Butler became a pioneer settler in 
West Feliciana parish, where the family homestead has been long 
established. This most interesting plantation home, known as 
"Cottage," is located about 6 miles northeast of St. Francisville. 
The founder of this inviting old place was a successful lawyer as 
well as a large planter, served on the bench as district judge, and 
later as a member of the national House of Representatives. He 
was possessed of a high order of intellectual ability and force of 
character, and carried through to successful fruition any under- 
taking in which he engaged. He and his good wife became 
the parents of 8 children, these being as follows : Pierce, 
Richard E., Margaret, Anna, Sarah, Mary E., Robert, and Edward, 
all of whom are deceased. Pierce Butler, eldest of these children 
and father of Thomas Butler, the subject of this sketch, was born 
in West Feliciana pari.sh. La., in the year 1817, and attained the 
age of 72 years. He combined sugar and cotton planting, growing 
sugar cane in Terrebonne parish and cotton in West Feliciana. He 
married Mary Louisa, a daughter of William H. Stirling, who was 
an early settler of West Feliciana parish, where the daughter was 
born and reared. LTnto Pierce Butler and his wife 3 children 
were born, namely : Thomas, the subject of this sketch ; James 
Pierce, who became a planter in Adams county, Miss., and died 
recently in the city of New Orleans, where he had resided for some 
years ; and Anna Louise, who became the wife of H. C. Minor, a 
planter of Terrebonne parish, both now deceased. Thomas Butler, 
now well known as Judge Butler, was reared in the parish in 
which he was born, ajid given good educational advantages. After 
having attended college in Maryland, he entered the University of 
Mississippi, at Oxford, and remained there until the beginning of 
the Civil war, which happened to be in his senior year as a student 
at the University of Mississippi. He was commissioned as second 
lieutenant in what was known as the Louisiana Regular Infantry,' 
and became a part of the Confederate army. He went through 4 
years of service as a Confederate soldier, finally surrendei-ing as 
captain of his company at Fort Blakely, Ala., after Gen. Lee's sur- 
render. He at once took up the study of law in the old Louisiana 
iiniversity, now Tulane, and graduated in 1868. Immediately there- 
after he began the practice of law in West Feliciana parish. In 
1870 he was appointed district judge, to fill a vacancy, and later, 
after having served out the term for which he had been appointed, 
retired from the practice of law and has since given his undivided 
attention to the management of his large estate. Judge Butler 
is owner of three lar*e plantations and his ably dii'ccted activities 
have been fruitful of a genei'ous share of the material blessings of 
this life. In 1876 Judge Butler was married to Mary Fort, daughter 
of W. J. Fort, a prominent plantei- of the same parish, where Mrs. 
Butler was born and reared. They have 9 children : Thomas, 
Mary Louise, William J., Sallie, Samuel L., Annie, Margaret, Henry 
M., and James S. Theii- beautiful counti-y home is located on the 



BIOGRAPHICAL 79 

Woodville pike, about 3 miles from St. Francisvillc, surrounded 
by stately trees and decorated and garlanded with carefully 
selected shi-ubbery and blooming plants, indicating a refined sense 
of what is most to be desired in life and an all-pervading culture 
and graciousness that proclaim the best in family life and 
home making. 

Butler, Thomas William, successful and prominent planter of 
West Feliciana parish, La., was born in Terrebonne parish. La., 
Jan. 12, 1851, son of Richard E. and Sarah (Ker) Butler, both of 
whom were born in the state of Mississippi. The founder of the 
Butler family in Louisiana was Thomas Butler, a native of Peim- 
sylvania and a son of Col. Thomas Butler of the Colonial army in 
the American Revolution, and later of the regular United States 
army. Col. Thomas Butler in later life removed to the state of 
Mississippi, where his son, Thomas, married Miss Ann Ellis and 
afterward settled in West Feliciana parish. La., where he became a 
planter and lawyer. In the course of his public career Thomas 
Butler served on the bench as judge of the district court and latei- 
as a member of Congress. Richard E. Butler was his second eldest 
son, and became a planter of Terrebonne parish, where Thomas 
William Butler, the subject of this sketch, was reared. In later 
life Richai'd E. Butler, the father, returned to West Feliciana 
parish, whei-e his death occurred on his plantation. Thomas 
William Butler was the only child born to his parents. He was 
educated at Virginia Militai-y Academy, from which he was gradu- 
ated in 1873. He devoted the activities of his life to the avocation 
of a cotton planter in West Feliciana parish, in which business he 
achieved much more than ordinary success. Mr. Butler was owner 
of the splendid plantation known as "The Cedars," and had one of 
the most commodious and altogether attractive plantation homes 
in that part of the state of Louisiana. In 1881 Mr. Butler was 
married to Miss Sallie Fort, a daughter of the late W. J. Fort, who 
was a pioneer of West Feliciana parish and a prominent cotton 
planter. Mr. and Mrs. Butler had 3 children, viz. : Sarah D., 
Richard E., and Mary F. The members of the family are communi- 
cants of the Episcopal church, and the Butler family is reckoned 
among the most prominent, highly esteenuMl, and influential in 
the parish. Mr. Butler never sought political honors, preferring 
to devote his talents to a practical demonsti'ation of the great 
possibilities of cotton growing and other by-products of a properly 
conducted Louisiana plantation, and in this field of usefulness as 
a representative typical American citizen, he was generously re- 
warded with the most substantial results of a wisely directed and 
highly honorable life. He died Dec. 15, 1913. 

Burke, Patrick E., president of the Hibernia Tnsuraiice Co., 
New Orleans, was born in Medway, Mass., July 14, 1867, son of 
Patrick E. and Margaret (Walsh) Burke, Ijoth natives of county 
Galway, Ii'eland, and who were married in the town of Medway, 
where Mr. Burke, who had emigrated to America when a young 
man, was established as a manufacturer of boots and shoes. Mi-. 
Burke, Sr., removed to Stillwater, Jlinn., in 1882, and soon after 
retired from business. There were 3 sons and 3 daughters in 



80 LOUISIANA 

the family. One of the daughters, Josephine, died in early child- 
hood, and another, Margaret, passed away soon after her marriage, 
being the mother of 4 children. Patrick is the youngest of the sons 
and of the family. He enjoys a splendid reputation as a business 
man ; is an exemplary citizen, charitable and generous, and iden- 
tified with all movements for the welfare of his fellowmen. John 
F. and Thomas J. Burke, his brothers, are in the wholesale grocery 
business at Benidji, Minn. IMr. Burke was educated in the public 
schools of Medway and Stillwater high school, and graduated in 
1885 ; next entering the University of Notre Dame, Indiana, and 
studying law. He received the degree of LL. B. in 1888 and B. A. 
in 1889. After engaging in the practice of law in Stillwater, and 
filling the position of judge of the municipal court for 4 years, 
Mr. Burke came to New Orleans, and was offered the secretaryship 
of the Hibernia Insurance Co., and in 1910 was elected its presi- 
dent. He is on the board of directors of the Union Stave Co. and 
of the Dugan Piano Co., president of the board of control Louisiana 
Lepers' Home; member of the New Orleans council, Knights of 
Columlius, and state deputy of the order; vice supreme master De 
Soto province of the 4th degree Knights of Columbus ; past grand 
knight of New Orleans council. No. 714, Knights of Columbus; 
president of St. Joseph's Conference Society of St. Vincent dc Paul, 
and secretary Louisiana Colonization bureau. Married, Nov. 14, 
1899, Miss Catherine Gibbons, daughter of Hon. John T. Gibbons, 
and niece of His Eminence, James, Cardinal Gibbons. Two sons 
and 1 daughter were born of their union, James Gibbons, Edward 
Bolan, and Catherine Margaret. Mr. Burke is a member of the 
Democratic party, but takes no active part in politics. 

Byrd, Prof. Clifton Ellis, well known educator, Shreveport, La., 
was born in Bath county, Va., Dec. 14, 1859, son of John T. and 
Sarah Keliecca (McClintic) Byrd, both of whom were natives of 
Virginia. The Byrd family is of English descent and that of Mc- 
Clintic, Scotch. Col. William Byrd, of Westover, Pa., was the 
founder of the family in the state of Virginia. John T. Byrd was 
a farmer and passed his life in his native state. Clifton Ellis, the 
son, passed his youth on the farm, where lie attended the piiblie 
schools of Bath count.v. When he had finished at these the young 
man entered Augusta military academy, where he was prepared 
for college. Following this he attended the University of Virginia, 
and after graduating from this institution began his career as a 
teacher, which has proven in every way most gratifyingly suc- 
cessful. His first connnission was that of schools at Front Royal, 
Va., where he remained 6 years, following which he became 
principal of the Ouachita parish high school, occupying this station 
3 years. He was then called to Shreveport, La., as the first 
principal of the new high school of that city, this being in the 
year 1892. Prof. Byrd has been continually connected with the 
schools of Shreveport since that time, with the exception of 1 
year, during which he served as president of the State Industrial 
school at Huston, La. He has served as principal of the Shreve- 
port high school 6 years, as city superintendent of schools 
10 years, and as parish superintendent since 1908, covering 



BIOGRAPHICAL 81 

a period of more than 21 years' connection with public educa- 
tion in Caddo parish, La. Prof. Byrd is a member of the Southern 
and National Educational associations, and of the Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks. He affiliates with the Presbyterian 
church. In 1895 Prof. Clifton Ellis Byrd was married to Miss 
Mattie McFee, of Monroe, La. Two children have been born to 
their union, namely, Mary and Clifton. 

Cabell, Joseph B., was born in Henderson, Ky., May 3, 1862, and 
is a son of Robert B. Cabell, a native of Virginia, who moved to 
Kentucky at an early day and became a planter, owning several 
farms in Henderson county. He died when 66 years old. Robert 
was a son of Joseph, also a native of Virginia, who settled in Ken- 
tucky and was also a planter. Joseph B. Cabell, the subject of this 
sketch, is the youngest in a family of 9 children, 4 of whom 
are deceased, Mr. Cabell being the only son living. He was edu- 
cated in the public schools of Henderson. At 14 years of age, 
on account of his father's death he was thrown on his own re- 
sources. He was clerk in the postoffice at Henderson; taught 
school ; was employed by the L. & N. R. R. as clerk in the freight 
office, and under Cleveland's first administration was appointed 
railway postal clerk from Nashville to St. Louis. After about 6 
months he became chief clerk of the railway mail service at Louis- 
ville and in about 8 months was called to Washington, D. C, 
and made assistant superintendent of the railway mail service of 
the United States. He held this position until Harrison was elected, 
when he resigned. He arranged for the interchange of mails with 
Mexico in 1888. After his resignation from the, railway mail serv- 
ice he became agent for the Ohio Valley R. R., now the Illinois 
Central, at Henderson, and after about 1 year he went to 
Memphis, Tenn., as traveling agent for the Blue and Canada South- 
ern Fast Freight lines, remaining with them for 1 year and then 
becoming agent for the Interstate Dispatch Fast Freight line, 
which position he occupied for 5 years. Following this for a 
period of 10 years he was Southern freight agent for the Baltimore 
& Ohio, Continental line and Central States Dispatch at Memphis, 
having charge of all Southern territory. He came to New Orleans 
as traffic manager for the Mexican American Steamship Co. and 
was later traffic manager and vice-president of the Philadelphia & 
Gulf Steamship Co. In 1907 he established a forwarding agency in 
New Orleans, a business which grew rapidly into large proportions 
and in 1911 he gave iip his connections with other companies to 
devote his entire time to his own increasing personal business. He 
is permanently located in New Orleans, having a fine home at 
366 Walnut street. In 1908 he married Miss Electra Boyle of 
Memphis, where she was born, reared and educated. He is a mem- 
ber of the Masonic order. Court of Honor, Scottish Rite Mason, 
past potentate Shrine A. A. 0. N. M. S., and also belongs to the 
B. P. 0. E., Hoo Hoos and Woodmen of the World. He is a Demo- 
crat in politics and belongs to the Boston club. Mrs. Cabell is a 
member of the Episcopal church. 

Cage, Hugh Connell, lawyer, was born on Woodlawn plantation, 
Terrebonne parish. La., Nov. 15, 1859. His parents were Duncan 
III— 6 



82 LOUISIANA 

S. and Sarah Jane (ConneU) Cage. The father was a native of 
Mississippi and the son of Judge Harry Cage, who was also a 
member of Congress, his home being in Wilkinson county, Miss. 
Judge Cage was a native of Tennessee, and was a son of William 
Cage, who was a "major in the American Revolution and the first 
speaker of the house of commons of the Free and Independent 
State of Franklin." The above quotation is inscribed on his grave 
stone at Cage's Bend on the Cumberland river in Tennessee. He 
came from a Virginia family, and was a founder of the State of 
Franklin, now Tennessee. The mother of Hugh C. Cage bore the 
maiden name of Sarah Jane Connell, and was born in Wilkinson 
county, Mississippi, of which her father, Hugh Connell, was sheriff 
for more than 30 years. His wife was a Miss Holloman. He 
was a son of Hugh Connell, who was a well educated Irishman and 
a school teacher in the early days of IMississippi. Duncan S. Cage 
was a sugar planter in Terrebonne parish. When the war of seces- 
sion came on he raised a company of infantry which became a 
part of the 26th Louisiana. On the formation of this regiment he 
was made lieutenant-colonel and later colonel, in which latter posi- 
tion he was with his regiment at Vicksburg, Miss., just before the 
siege of that city, but taking sick he was not permitted to be in 
command of the regiment, which was captured in that siege. 
Afterward he served to the close of the war on the staff of Gen. 
Kirby Smith, with the rank of colonel. Col. Cage was elected a 
member of the legislature that met at New Orleans in 1866, and 
was elected speaker of the house. He bore a prominent part in 
public affairs during reconstruction days, but never held office 
after 1866. He died in 1885, aged 60 years. His widow is now in 
her 84th year. She bore her husband 4 sons and 3 daughters, one 
son, the eldest, being deceased. Hugh C. Cage was reared on his 
father's plantation; attended the country schools till 15, at which 
age he entered the Virginia military institute at Lexington, Va., 
where he remained 2 years, being forced by reason of financial 
reverses in his father's business to leave the classroom and go to 
work. He afterward taught school 2 years and operated a saw- 
mill 1 year, earning funds to further his education. He came 
to New Orleans and matriculated in 1880 in University of Louisi- 
ana, now Tulane university, from which he received his degree of 
LL. B. in 1882. Immediately he began the practice of law in New 
Orleans. For 15 years he was associated with Mr. W. S. Bennedict, 
and then was alone in the practice for 2 years. In 1899 the 
present and well-known law fii'm of Cage, Baldwin & Crabites was 
formed. In politics Mr. Cage is a Democrat, but in 1896 he was 
elected on the Citizens' League ticket to the state senate from the 
6th senatorial district. In 1900 he was a member of the state Demo- 
cratic central committee and also managed the campaign of Gov. 
W. W. Hcai'd, and himself elected (this time on the regular Demo- 
cratic ticket) again to the state senate. During his second term 
as state senator he served as president pro tempore. Fraternally 
Mr. Cage is a Master Mason. In 1889 he married Miss Margaret M. 
Baldwin, daughter of Dr. Henry D. Baldwin, of New Orleans, La. 
Caillouet, Louis Philip, of Thibodaux, Lafourche parish, enjoys 



BIOGRAPHICAL ^^ 



a deserved -putation for learning al^y^nd v^ri^as a mer. 
ber of the lega P^ofessu)n^ ,|^"1ed in'e^ncational and .indicia 

college, he has been '^f,3*^i^,^"f teacher to indge of the Court of 
occupations from country school teacnei .1 . .^ ^^^^^^^ 

Appeals. After ^™JX judje ^ n"w devoting himself to his 
tions of P^l^li^, "^f ^^^"""^C n.,Xuet familv is of French-Canadiari 
profession of the law The Cf i^^^^^^V 'J'^g •,^,.1^ colonists. Joseph 
origin, having come ^^^'^Z'"'^; ^fl^llrxliect of this sketch, 

Caillouet, .P'-^^^-^^f-^'] -^™f f, aniood h went to France where 
was born m Canada. In eaUj mannoo ^^^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ 

he married, and where ^1^^°"' XJ^ts Tamilv, and settled in the 
1784 he returned to f '^<^"/^^^^^f j^h Cail ouet, son of James, 
parish of St. James, La Lucien^^^^^^^^^^ ^_ ^g.g^ i„ 

and father of Jf^^^^^^^^j^^es Caillouet moved to Lafourche 
St. James parish . J^^/f ^^l^t^^'ion It was on that estate that 
parish and established a plantation^ i ^^^^^^ 

Luis Philip Caillouet was born (^ct2y^^^^^^ ^^ 

as the St. James plantation, ^^^ f "^ .^Ji/it was sold. In 1879, 
the family until 1913, ^^^"\.=^,j\'\^,,"lf Active work, and from 1892 
Lueien Josepli Caillouet reto-edf-i<-t-^^ ^ 

until his death Oct 11, 191^, '^\;X.^"caillouet's mother, Eveline 
his son in Lafo^^^^^^-l ?'''i,,i^Xsh m daughter of Se- 

(Benoit) Caillouet, of Lafourche P.^™^' J^? !^ • . r.^^ i858. The 
tastien and Eloise (Morvant Benoit^ She^^^^^^^ ^, 

name of the Benoit g'™;^;^^^ ^^^.^.^Ter^ the union of Mr. 

land in Lafourche. Foiu chi men w ^^ ^^^ 

and Mrs. Lucien J«f Pl;', ^^\\°^f J^MrrJoachim Lagar The 
JudgeL. P. Caillouet and Julia, novviu^,^^^ ^^^^^.^^^^ p^^^._ 

career of J^^^.g^C^?^^^;^ * tion fir^Uii^^^^^^^^ local schools, then 
suits. He received his ^ducatim hist m p ^ ^ing with the 

at St. Vij-ent's college, C^J^^^f- jd;a\i. M^^, .^^ ^ ^^^^^^ 

degree of A. B., m |«'\^";"' g^jin., law, he was deputy recorder 
in Lafourche parish. ^y^il%'l^,,7'!'„". ' .^s'tice of the peace. After 
of the parish, and acting ^^^iv and ji^stice ot t p ^^ 

passing a brilliant e^f.^""l^tion before the^stax^^^ .^^^_ 

Ls admitted to IJ-f ^ 7, ^ j^^rSs pi of ession in'Thibodau. 
■ Set^SrfSer ^rwasUcted district atto-foi. the parishes 
if LafLrche and Assumption ser^^^^^^ ,,d 

elected district 3udge of the fli;*™^^^""'? '^ ^^^^ being elected to 
Terrebonne. His popularity -«« P^J^^Jf l^^,^' judge Cail- 
the district 3udgeship for 6 consecuxive ^ ^^ pi^.^t 

louet resigned ^^\^^^\'Y"'^f^,f'\Z^\nTey^^^^^^ He was a 
Circuit Court of Appeals i"?- * ^.^^tat"' !!!S In 1912 

member of the state <=o^^^titntionnl com entnm ot ^^^^.^^^^^ 

Judge Caillouet was a candidate for ^ sup, em ^..^^^hout 

and was honored ^it^„,^!^7f,^!\^US-. In 1890 he married 
the district, but not ^^^ffi^i-^^^VTafouSe parish, a member of one 



84 LOUISIANA 

which order he is past state deputy, and the Catholic Knights of 
America. 

Callaway, Isaac Malcolm, M. D., Shreveport, La., was born at 
Cotton Valley, Webster parish, La., Jan. 1, 1868, son of Felix Rich- 
ard and Helen Elizabeth (Roby) Callaway, both of whom were born 
in the state of Georgia, the father in the year 1834. The latter also 
passed his boyhood in the state of his nativity and when the Civil 
war came on enlisted as an artilleryman and served throughout the 
war under the command of Gen. Longstreet. When he returned to 
his home after the surrender, naturally he found his fortune de- 
pleted, and getting together such slender resources as he could 
command removed from Amerieus, Ga., to Louisiana and located 
in Cotton Valley, Webster parish. He had been reared according 
to the prevailing custom among well-to-do Georgia planters prior 
to the Civil war, and was therefore the possessor of a finished 
education, which served him well in the succeeding years. Soon 
after locating in Louisiana he married and settled down to the 
avocation of a cotton planter, to which he devoted the remaining 
years of his life, with the exception of the past decade, which has 
been passed at the home of the subject of this sketch. His wife 
died in 1896, after having become the mother of 7 children, 
4 of whom died in childhood. The surviving children are : 
Isaac Malcolm, subject of this sketch; Catherine Elizabeth, wife 
of E. M. Burleigh, of Gibsland, La. ; Matthew Madison, of Denison, 
Tex. Isaac Malcolm Callaway, the eldest child surviving, passed 
his childhood and youth to his 17th year at the plantation home of 
his parents. In the course of his education he attended Belvue 
academy. La., and Mississippi college, at Clinton, Miss., following 
which the young man found employment as a drug clerk in a gen- 
eral store of Bossier parish, La., where he continued about 2 
years, his idea being to ultimately become a physician. In 1889 he 
entered the Shreveport Charity hospital as an interne, serving in 
that capacity until 1891, when he went to New Orleans and entered 
the medical department of Tulane university, from which he gradu- 
ated with the degree of M. D. in the class of 1893. Immediately 
thereafter he began medical practice at Knox Point (now Atkins), 
La. After 1 year's practice at this place the Doctor returned to 
Shreveport for about a year's practice there, and following this 
located at Alden Bridge, La., where he remained until 1898, when 
he was called to the Shreveport Charity hospital as assistant sur- 
geon and superintendent. He remained encumbent of this position 
during the succeeding 5 years, when he resigned to resume 
practice in . the city of Shreveport. After about 4 years the 
Doctor again returned to the Shreveport Charity hospital as house 
surgeon, which important station he continued to occupy 4 
years, since which time he has been engaged in the general prac- 
tice of medicine and surgery at the city of Shreveport. In 1903 
he took a postgraduate course at the New York Polyclinic, and again 
in 1813 did clinical work at New York city. The Doctor is a mem- 
ber of the Shreveport, Louisiana state, and American Medical as- 
sociations; he is a Democrat, a Master Mason, member of the 
Baptist church. Knights of Pythias, Benevolent and Protective 



BIOGRAPHICAL 85 

Order of Elks, and the Columbia chil>. In 1894 Dr. Callaway was 
married to Miss Bessie Atkinson, of Kosciusko, Miss. Of 5 children 
born to them 2 survive at this time, these being Helen Elizabeth 
and Teresa. Two children died in infancy, and a son, Felix Jack- 
son, was drowned at the age of 9 years. It is proper to say here 
that Dr. Callaway is a self-educated man, having earned the funds 
with which his way was paid through the educational institutions 
he attended. Instances such as this should operate as a substan- 
tial encouragement to those young men whose paths are not so 
smooth as they might wish, and fui-nishes an ever-recurring proof 
of the adage that "Where there is a will there is a way." 

Cammack, Carleton Hunt, was born at Clarksville, Tenn., Dec. 
17, 1876. He was the son of Albert Cammack and his wife, Florence 
(Johnston) Cammack. His father was born in New Orleans, La., 
Juno 15, 1854, and died in Clarksville, Tenn., July 26, 1906. His 
mother was a native of Clarksville, and died in New Orleans. The 
paternal grandfather of Carleton Hunt Cammack, Robert Chew 
Cammack, was born in Spottsylvania county, Va., but came to New 
Orleans and made it the home of his life. He was a commission 
merchant in the best standing, and a gentleman of fortune and 
position in the community. Albert Cammack succeeded to his 
father's business. When the Civil war broke out, he joined the 
1st regiment of Louisiana cavalry and served in it until the close 
of the war, when he returned to business pursuits in New Orleans, 
but owing to failing health was obliged to retire therefrom. When 
he did so, he removed to the old Galveston homestead, which had 
become the property of his wife, where he spent his last days pious- 
ly and tenderly attended by his son Carleton. Carleton was named 
after his uncle, a member of the New Orleans bar, many years dean 
of the law school of the University of Louisiana, now Tulane Uni- 
versity of Louisiana. The boyhood of young Carleton was spent in 
struggling with bad health, but was otherwise full of promise. 
When compelled by illness to lay down his studies, it was only to 
take them up again. He strove with every opportunity to improve 
himself at entering the medical college of Tulane university, was 
enabled by unremitting application to graduate there with the 
degree of doctor of medicine. Immediately after graduating, he 
made a trying voyage to Africa, pending the war between the 
British and Boers, as surgeon on board of a British steamship. 
Returning to Louisiana, he took a 2 years' course as interne in 
the Charity hospital at Shreveport, under Dr. Randell Hunt of 
that place. He had just completed this term of service when he 
was called to New Orleans by the illness of his mother. Upon her 
death, owing to the critical condition of his father's health, he 
remained to take care of him in Clarksville, at the cost of the 
professional prospects which were unfolding themselves to him 
in Shreveport, but with luifailing perseverance, combined with his 
devoted filial offices, undertook with good results, the duties of 
practicing medicine in Clarksville. Upon his father's decease. 
Dr. Cammack carfte to live in New Orleans and entered at once 
upon professional service in the Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat hospital, 
where he grew into marked notice as a member of the house staff 



86 LOUISIANA 

and afterwards as an assistant surgeon, intimately associating him- 
self in the ties of friendship and of devoted professional services, 
with the late Dr. Gordon King, then departmental chief in the hos- 
pital. On the conclusion of his hospital course here mentioned, 
Dr. Cammack opened an office in the Macheca building, as a special- 
ist in diseases of the eye, ear, nose and throat, and was proceeding 
with uncommon success to establish himself in practice when he 
was overtaken by the illness which caused his death. Dr. Cam- 
mack lectured for a time in connection with his services in the 
Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat hospital. Of a simple and loving nature, 
he followed his professional pursuits with ardor, out of sympathy 
for human suffering, as well as from the desire to excel. He had 
no enemies. He was certain, had it but pleased God to let him 
live a few years, to have been borne upward and onward by the 
support of good people wherever they discerned him. The words 
of Dr. Lynch written immediately after Dr. Cammack 's death 
speak so fittingly and feelingly of him, that they are copied here : 
"I wish to express to you the sorrow that prevails among our ranks 
by the reason of the seeming untimely removal from our midst of our 
late associate, Dr. Carleton Hunt Cammack, a man of strong per- 
sonal qualities, a friend of the highest type, a comrade whose 
absence we continually miss and mourn." 

Campbell, William, of Lafayette, La., judge of the 18th ju- 
dicial district, was born Oct. 27, 1854, in the town of Lafaj'ette, 
son of William and Alida (Guidry) Campbell. The family is of 
Scotch origin. John Campbell, grandfather of the Judge, emi- 
grated to the United States and settled in Pittsburg, Pa., where 
his son, William, was born. He removed to Lafayette parish, and 
followed the profession of civil engineer. Most of the land sur- 
veying for the United States government in southwestern Louisi- 
ana when that work was begi;n, was done by him with such skill 
and accuracy that the records on file in the public archives of 
the parish are regarded as the authority in settling questions of 
boundary lines. John Campbell, besides having been one of the 
pioneer surveyors in the parish of Lafayette, also taught the first 
school that was established in that part of Louisiana. He died in 
1855. William Campbell, the Judge's father, was 5 years of age 
when his parents came to Lafayette parish, and was a merchant 
from early manhood until the close of his life. During the Civil 
war he served in the Confederate army, enlisting in the 26th Louis- 
iana volunteer infantry as second lieutenant of Company A, and 
was later promoted to be captain, retaining command until the 
close of the great struggle between North and South. Company A, 
which was organized Aug. 31, 1862, was continuously in service in 
the South, and took part in the defense of Vicksburg, where Capt. 
Campbell was captured, but soon after was exchanged. The his- 
tory of the 2fith Louisiana volunteer infantry has been written 
by one of its officers, Capt. Winchester Hall. William Campbell's 
wife, who was Miss Alida Guidry, was born in St. Landry parish, 
a descendant of a family that emigrated from Nova Scotia to 
Louisiana with the large number of Aeadians seeking in the 
southern part of the United States a safe refuge from British 




Pail Cai'iikville 
Auditor of State 



BIOGRAPHICAL 8*^ 

tyranny in the year 1765. Onezime Guidry, grandfather of Uvs 
Campbell was known as one of the largest among the stock raisers 
nf^t Landry parish At the close of the Civil war, Mr. and Mrs. 
?impbell wie'^res^^^^^^^ of Lafayette, where Mr. Campbell con- 
tinued n the mercantile business and took an active part in 
nublic affairs serving as State senator, and subsequently as mem- 
r of th' city council. William Campbell, the subject of this 
sketch was the eldest of 2 sons. His brother, John died at the 
5f of' 19. After having been educated m tl^[, PJ-^^^.f ^^a les 
Trnfnvette parish, and later at the Jesuits college ot bt. Lhailes 
.t r™nd Coteau St Landry parish, William C^ampbell graduated 
?i-om t ^a? tei instk^ion with the'degree of bachelor of ai-ts in 
1876 On hi; return to Lafayette he was appointed deputy sheriff 
durinc. the incumbency of Hazard Eastin, and served as such 6 
years"' In 1886 he was elected sheriff of the parish, a position he 
filled du in- 8 years. While in office he studied law, and, declmmg 
a thiiS tei-m entered Tulane law school, attended 1 term and 
L 1890 reeled his diploma. Mr. Campbell soon became promi- 
nent in the politics of the parish. In 1900, after having sei-yed a 
mavo of L?fayette, he was elected district attorney, ^'f^ff}^^^, 
S4 and at the conclusion of the second term was elevated by 
popular vote to the office of district judge for the panshes oi 
LXvette and Acadia. Reelected in 1912, Judge Campbell is still 
aifrncumbent of the district bench, honored and respected by his 
?ell~ izens. He is a lifelong Democrat always ready to enter 
into and encourage all enterprises for the public good In the 
co^imercial and financial activities of the parish Judge Campbell 
L l™gely interested, mainly as owner of farm lands and as direc oi 
of the Bank of Lafayette, which he assisted in organizing. In fm- 
Jernal orders he is a member of the Elks. In 1875 occurred the 
marriage o William Campbell and Miss Ellen Eastin, who was 
?he dau-hter of C. H. Eastin, clerk of the court of Lafayette par- 
h (diid o? yellow fever in 1867). Mr. and Mrs Campbell had 
10 children whose order of birth was as follows: Nydia, now wife 
of J H Mouton; Alida B., now Mrs. T. J. Breanx; Laurence P. 
William D., Alice M., Eastin J., John H., Felix L., Milton G., and 

^'capdevieiir Paul.— One of the most distinguished citizens of 
L0S1TI Hon. Paul Capdevielle, of New Orleans, m ^v^iich city 
he was born and reared, and where he has always residecL The 
date of his birth was recorded Jan. 15, 1842, and he is of French 
lineage. His parents were Angustin and Virginia (Bertrand) Cap- 
devfelle. His father came from his nat ve ^^-^^^Z' ^ fj^, 
Orleans when he was a young man, at the age of 18, m the yeai 
1825 ad in that city became a merchant of V^'^^-'^'f^'^'-IZl Z 
years Angustin Capdevielle held conspicnoiis place among the 
leadhig business men and citizens of New Orleans. During the 
adn nrstrations of Presidents Pierce and Buchanan he held the 
position of appraiser general of custon« at New Orleans. He died 
fn 1876, at tVe age of 69 years. In 1836 he married ^ New Ox- 
leans Virginia Bertrand, who was born m that city. She died m 
1892 She bore her husband 3 sons and 2 daughters. They were 



88 LOUISIANA 

Dr. Auguste Capdevielle ; Paul Capdevielle ; Marie ; Virginia, who 
married Theodore Buddecke; Armand Capdevielle, who was one of 
the proprietors and the editor of the well-kxiown French news- 
paper, The Bee, of New Orleans. 

Hon. Paul Capdevielle was educated at the Jesuits' college, New 
Orleans, whence he was graduated in 1861. In Nov., 1861, he became 
a member of the New Orleans guard regiment of infantry, and in 
1862 he joined Boone's Louisiana battery. He was captured July 9, 
1863, at Port Hudson. Very soon afterward he was paroled, and 
later on joined Legardeur's battery, and served the Confederacy 
till the close of the war, when he was paroled. May 2, 1865, at 
Greensboro, N. C. He walked in return to his home, and there 
took up again the life of the civilian by applying himself to the 
first offered employment. Diligently employing his time and en- 
ergies and meanwhile took up the study of law. April 8, 1868, Mr. 
Capdevielle graduated in law from the Tulane university, and 
thereafter, until 1892, he was actively and successfully engaged 
in the practice of law at New Orleans. He rose rapidly in his pro- 
fession and in the business life and public affairs in New Orleans. 
In 1892 he gave up the practice of law to devote his time to in- 
creasing business affairs, especially to his duties as president of 
the Merchants' Insurance Co., which did a very large business for 
a number of years, but was finally sold and liquidated. He was 
its president for 13 years. In 1877 Mr. Capdevielle was appointed, 
by Gov. NichoUs, a member of the state school board, and while 
he was a member of this board the entire school system of the 
state was organized along lines of effectual work. Subsequently 
Mr. Capdevielle was appointed a member of the New Orleans levee 
board. In 1899 he was elected mayor of New Orleans. This position 
he held for 5 years, expiring in December of 1904. As mayor he 
was one of the most popular officials who had ever filled that ex- 
alted and responsible jjosition. His administration marked an im- 
portant epoch in the municipal history of New Orleans. Aside 
from labor and other troubles, which were satisfactorilj- adjusted, 
there devolved upon Mayor Capdevielle the difficult task of steer- 
ing the drainage and sewerage and water .system of the city 
through their most important constructive planning, which was 
performed with conservative and business like direction. He broke 
the ground for the first excavations for the sewerage and drainage 
system of the city. But there were many other important numicipal 
affairs which arose during his administration. Among these were 
the river front and belt railroad conservations, and all were han- 
dled in sagacious manner. While he was mayor he publiejy re- 
ceived President McKinley when the president visited the city at 
the time of the celebration of the 100th anniversary of the Louisi- 
ana purchase. 

In Nov., 1904, Mr. Capdevielle was appointed, by Gov. Blanch- 
ard, auditor of public accounts of the state of Louisiana, and in 
1908 he was elected to succeed liimsclf in this office, and again 
in 1912. He is now serving his third term in this position, in which 
he has distinguished himself for careful and painstaking attention 
to the affairs of the state. 



BIOGRAPHICAL 89 

Mr. Capdevielle was decorated, in 1902, by the French gov- 
ernment, with the Cross of the Legion of Honor, and in the same 
year another high honor came to him, when King Oscar of Nor- 
way and Sweden decorated him, as one of a very limited few, 
with the Cross of Commander of the Order of Saint Olaff, a dis- 
tinction rarely accorded an American citizen. Upon him was con- 
ferred, by the United Daughters of the Confederacy, the Cross of 
Honor, and in 1904 the St. Louis university conferred upon him 
the degree of LL. D. Mr. Capdevielle is a devout Christian. His 
religious faith is that of the Roman Catholic church. He is a 
member of the St. Vincent de Paul society, of the Sodality of the 
Virgin, of the Knights of Columbus, of the Benevolent & Protec- 
tive Order of Elks, and other fraternal organizations. He was at 
one time president of the Pickwick club. In 1878 he married Marie 
Emma Larue, and they are the parents of the following children: 
Paul, Auguste, Yvonne, Christian, Edith and James. 

Cappel, Joseph, J., D. D. S., New Orleans, was born in Avoyelles 
parish, La., Aug. 31, 1877 ; son of Samuel and Mattie (Thompson) 
Cappel, both natives of Louisiana, the former of the same parish 
in which the birth of the son occurred, and the latter of St. Landry 
parish. Samuel Cappel, the father, conducted a general merchan- 
dise store and did a contracting business in Avoyelles parish for 
many years. He is now retired, and resides at Evergreen, La. The 
mother's death occurred Dec. 23, 1912, at the age of 57 years. The 
paternal grandfather, Joseph Cappel, also was a native of Avoyelles 
parish, where he was a well-known merchant and planter. The 
paternal grandmother, Sarah Jane (Curry) Cappel, was born in 
Avoyelles parish, and survives at this time. The paternal great- 
grandfather, Charles Cappel, was a native of Diefendorf, German 
empire, and upon coming to America located in Avoyelles parish 
and became a large planter. He was the first sheriff of that par- 
ish. The paternal great-grandmother, Agnes (Permin) Cappel, was 
of French-Canadian parentage, but was born in Avoyelles parish. 
She attained the age of 92 years. Fourteen children, 13 of whom 
are now living, were born to Samuel Cappel and wife, these being : 
Joseph J., the subject of this sketch; John Ogden, druggist, at 
Bronson, Tex.; Stella, widow of D. P. Savant, Shreveport, La.; 
Samuel C, Jr., LL. D., at Elcampo, Tex.; Calvin D., with Wells 
Fargo Express Co., Bunkie, La. ; Sadie, wife of 0. 0. Latimer, Ben- 
ford, Tex. ; Marshall T., D. D. S., at Bogalusa, La. ; Marvin, M. D., 
Alexandria, La. ; Jack, a student in medical department of Tulane 
university; Thomas, of Fullerton, La.; Powell, at school; Leslie K., 
student ; Rodney, student ; Price, died in infancy. Joseph J. Cappel 
Attended the public schools of his home pari.sh, graduating from 
the high school, and shortly thereafter entered the New Orleans 
College of Dentistry, Tulane university, graduating with the de- 
gree of D. D. S. in the class of 1908. Dr. Cappel has been engaged 
in active practice of his profession since the latter year, and finds 
the growing requirements of his professional clientele demand his 
undivided attention. He is a member of the First and Second Dis- 
trict Dental society. Jan. 26, 1909, Dr. Cappel was married to Miss 



90 LOUISIANA 

Cecile Gautrcaux, and to them 2 children have been born, namely : 
Sterling Mary and Marvin B. 

Carpenter, Alvin C, 7800 Nelson street, New Orleans, La., 
was born at South Bend, St. Joseph county, Ind., Oct. 26, 1869 ; son 
of William Daily and Jennie (Brown) Cai-penter, the former of 
whom was born in 1842 and the latter 1843. Alvin C. received his 
earlier education in the schools of his native city, following which 
he was there engaged in industrial piirsuits for some years, and 
afterward passed over into the neighboring state of Ohio for the 
more advantageous exercise of his abilities. Later, however, he 
came South and located at the city of New Orleans, where for 
about 15 years past he has made his home. Since 1897 Mr. Car- 
penter has been in the responsible position of manager for the 
Gulf Bag Co. of New Orleans, and at this time also fills the post 
of president of the Credit Men's association. He is a republican, 
and is honored with the office of secretary-treasiirer of the Re- 
publican state central committee. He has been a candidate, on 
the Republican ticket, for state superintendent of public instruc- 
tion, but failed of election. He is a member of the Presbyterian 
church, and has the military record of second lieutenant, Indiana 
national guard ; battalion adjutant, 8th regiment, Ohio national 
guard; lieutenant, naval brigade. New Orleans, La. In June, 1896, 
Mr. Carpenter was married to Miss Helen Harding. They have 
no children. 

Carter, Henry Josiah, New Orleans, attorney and clerk of United 
States District coui't, was born at New Orleans, Orleans parish. La., 
April 1, 1861 ; son of John B. Carter, born at Portland, Me., and 
Mary S. (Whitney) Carter, born at Bennington, Vt. John B., the 
father, was the first superintendent of the public schools of the city 
of New Orleans. Henry Josiah, after passing through the public 
schools of New Orleans, and successively the Louisiana state uni- 
versity and agricultural and mechanical college, entered Tulane 
university, at New Orleans, and in the year 1886 graduated in law 
from that institution. May 27, the same year, he was admitted 
to practice before the supreme court of Louisiana. Much of Mr. 
Carter's experience has been in an official capacity and of such 
nature as to afford him exceptional advantages in acquiring a 
wide knowledge of men and affairs in Louisiana and throughout 
the country. Prior to his graduation in law he had for some 
years occupied the position of auditor at the New Orleans post- 
office, only leaving this place in May, 1885. In 1888, his abilities 
seeming to peculiarly qualify him for such a post, he was ap- 
pointed deputy clerk of the United States Circuit court at New 
Orleans, and he so remained until the time of his advancement to 
the more important position of clerk of the same court, which 
took place in 1902. In 1888 Mr. Carter enlisted as a private in 
Company C, Southern Athletic battalion, Louisiana state militia, 
and served the regulation 3 years term of enlistment. He is affili- 
ated with the Repiiblican party organization and with the Protest- 
ant Episcopal church, his membership being with the Church of 
the Annunciation, New Orleans. He is also a member of the Chess, 
Checkers & Whist club, the American Bar association, and St. 



BIOGRAPHICAL 91 

Andrew's brotherhood. Dec. 26, 1898, Mr. Carter was married to 
Miss Lillian M. Ferry (now deceased), daughter of Edward M. 
and Hattie (Morton) Ferrv, of East Hampton, Mass. Their only 
child, Ruth U., was born March 3, 1900, and died Feb. 24, 1914. 

Carter, Thaddeus A., well-known attorney and member of the 
state legislature from Alexandria, was born in Natchitoches parish. 
La., Sept. 5, 1876, the son of A. V. and Mary J. (Ponder) Carter. 
His father was born in Mississippi and came to Louisiana when a 
boy with his parents, Isaac F. and Margaret (Holden) Carter, 
who were planters. A. V. Carter was a prominent politican and 
held many offices in the state. He established the experimental sta- 
tion at Calhoun, La., and lived to be 64 years old. In reconstruc- 
tion days he took a leading part in public affairs. Mrs. Mary 
(Ponder) Carter was born and reared in Georgia and lived to be 
70 years old. Mr. and Mrs. A. V. Carter were the parents of 6 
children, as follows: Isaac F., deceased; Ponder S., attorney at 
Toyah, Tex. ; E. A., a planter at Calhoun, La. ; Lillian, the wife 
of James W. Mitchell, of Brownwood, Tex. ; Bessie, the wife of 
Joseph L. Barber, of Fort Jessup, La., and Thaddeus A., the sub- 
ject of this sketch. Mr. Carter is the sixth child of the family. 
His boyhood days were spent on the plantation and his early 
schooling was received at Fort Jessup, La., finishing at Tulane 
university. Following his graduation, 3 years were spent in west 
Texas, and upon returning to Louisiana he located at Alexandria, 
where he took up the fire insurance and real estate business. In 1905 
he entered the law offices of Robert P. Hunter & Sons as a law 
student, and was admitted to the bar May 13, 1907, and began 
practice on his own responsibility the same year at Alexandria, 
where he is still following the profession. He is a member of the 
House of Representatives from Rapides parish, a member of the 
Masonic order. Knights Templar, Eastern Star, Knights of Pythias 
and Woodmen of the World. He was married May 2, 1902, to Alma 
Jones, daughter of Frank and Mary Jones, of Atlanta, Ga., where 
Mrs. Carter was born, reared and edi;cated. Mr. and Mrs. Carter 
have 3 daughters, as follows : Dora, Lillian and Mary. 

Caruthers, Dr. J. Allen, M. D., specialist in diseases of the eye, 
ear, nose and throat. Baton Rouge, La., was born in Hill county, 
Texas, Nov. 4, 1874; son of Samuel and Lula (Cox) Canithers, the 
former of whom was a native of Texas and the latter of the state 
of Virginia. The father died at the age of 74 years and the mother 
at .55. J. Allen Caruthers was the sixth of 12 children born to 
his parents. Of these 12 children, 9 survive at this time. J. Allen 
received his eai'lier education in the locality in which he was born. 
Later he became a student in the medical department of the Uni- 
versity of Texas, from which he graduated with the degree of 
M. D., in the class of 1899. During the Spanish-American war he 
served as steward of the 1st United States volunteer infantry. In 
December, 1900, he located at Baton Rouge, and began practice 
as a specialist in diseases of the eye, ear, nose and throat, of which 
he had made a special study in hospitals at New Orleans. The 
doctor is a member of the American Medical association and the 
Southern Medical society, the Louisiana State Medical society, and 



92 LOUISIANA 

the Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks, being a past district 
deputy in the latter organization. In the year 1900 Dr. Caruthers 
was married to Miss Lula Heidingsfelder, a native of New Orleans 
and a daughter of Moses Heidingsfelder, of that city. Dr. and 
Mr.s. Caruthers have no children. The doctor enjoys a wide gen- 
eral acquaintance and much popularity, and has substantially built 
up an extensive and gratifying successful practice, but he does 
not allow his professional duties to debar him from taking an ac- 
tive interest and part, as a citizen, in all matters of a public nature 
that seem to afford opportunity for improving conditions surround- 
ing the daily lives of his fellow-citizens and himself — that is to say, 
he is a wide-awake, progressive and public-spirited member of the 
community in which he lives, as well as a successful physican and" 
specialist. Both as a doctor and as a citizen. Dr. Caruthers occu- 
pies a secure position among the people of Baton Roiige. 

Carver, E. S., commercial depai-tment, high school, Thibodaux, 
La., was born at Denison, Tex., March 9, 1877; son of W. G. T. 
and Cecilia (Sigur) Carver, the former of whom was born in 
Virginia and has been connected with newspaper work throughout 
the greater part of his life. The mother was born in Louisiana and 
her parents reside in New Orleans. E. S. Carver attended the pub- 
lic schools of New Orleans and the Holy Trinity private school. In 
1893 he entered Jefferson college. Convent, La., from which he 
graduated with the degree of A. B. in 1899. During the ensuing 5 
yeai's he was a teacher at Jefferson college, the greater part of this 
time in the commercial department. In 1904 he became principal 
of the graded school at Labadieville, La., where he remained until 
1908, when he was chosen as principal of Thibodaux college, Thilio- 
daux. La., and continued to be identified with this institution 
until 1912, at which time he accepted charge of the commercial 
department of the Thibodaux high school, with which he has 
since remained in the capacity indicated. In Oct., 1904, Prof. Car- 
ver was married to Miss Threse Capella, a daughter of M. Capella, 
of Thibodaux, and to them 3 sons have been born, namely: Ed- 
ward, Cecil and Preston. Prof. Carver is allied with the Demo- 
cratic party, and is a member of the Roman Catholic church. He 
is also affiliated with the Knights of Columbus and with the Louisi- 
ana State Teachers' association. As a teacher, his work has been 
almost entirely along the line of commercial instruction, and many 
of his pupils are now filling responsible and remunerative posi- 
tions, it is said, and are generally found to be so well grounded in 
the knowledge required of commercial usage in practical business 
as to reasonably insure their continual advance to success. 

Cazenavette, Lionel Louis, successful New Orleans physician, 
was born at Now Orleans, parish of Orleans, La., April 20, 1874; 
son of Henri Cazenavette, born at Bordeaux, France, 1830, and 
Anais (Pinac) Cazenavette, born at New Orleans, La., 1841. The 
paternal grandfather, Bernard Cazenavette, an educational pro- 
moter, was president of the "Lycee de Bordeaux," a position he 
held until his death, in 1860. One of his sons, Adi'ien Cazenavette, 
was also a director of the same institution. The maternal grand- 
mother, Clara Guillot, was a daughter of Joseph Guillot, a con- 



BIOGRAPHICAL ^^ 



married m 1860. Bejoie the »e^in « remained until 

tied as a dmggist at Thibodaux, ^^^ jv'^^ . ^^^.^^ the 

1866, when he returned t"/.^^^^^ nonditiins were such that 
"reconstruction period and 'l^^.^'^^J'''^^^^^^^ the remainder 

mmmmmm. 




tPmTn both the undergraduate and post-graduate medical depait- 

TvUaneluSveSity and clinical assistant to the chair ot diseases ot 
the skin Dr. Cazenavette has been associated in office practice with 
Dr Sdore Dyer, the dermatologist, and has been particulaib 
S'erested in research work in those branches of medicine dea ing 
with diseases of the nervous system, medical electricity, the X-raj, 
^nd dermatology. He is affiliated with the Roman Catholic church 
La member of the American Medical association, Louisiana State 
Med crsocietv, Orleans Parish Medical society, Alumm associa- 
SnSTulane university of Louisiana, St. Luke's guild, and the 
C^ss Check rs & Whist club. April 29, 1907, Dr. Cazenavette ^v-as 
married to Miss Amanda Marie DeGruy, daughter of James Ver- 
S DeGruy and Amanda (Sauton) DeGruy, of New Orleans. Two 
children-Lillian Marie and Claire Louise-have been born to 

lives ot Louisisiia. The former was bom Jan. ?1. If*, ""p"/"? 
Xo^^'SSSL^tfsddtr i^ihe war-oE 1812, and served under 



94 LOUISIANA 

Gen. Jackson at the battle of New Orleans. James Chalaron, the 
paternal grandfather, was born in Voiron, France, and in 1815 
came to the New World, first going to Mexico, whence, after sev- 
eral years, he came to New Orleans and engaged in the coffee 
trade. Col. Joseph Adolphe Chalaron, father of Dr. Chalaron, 
began commercial life as clerk in a ship chandlery store. His mili- 
tary services in the Confederate cause from 1861 to 1865 were 
noteworthy and brilliant. He enlisted as junior lieutenant of the 
5th company, Washington artillery, and with that immortal com- 
mand as part of the Army of Tennessee took part in many great 
battles of the Civil war. It acquired special distinction at Shiloh, 
Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, Resacca, Kenesaw ]\Iountain, At- 
lanta, Franklin, Nashville, Spanish Fort and Mobile Bay. He was 
at Meridian, Miss., at the time of the surrender, and was then 
senior first lieutenant, often having been in command of the com- 
pany; and at one time was chief of artillery for Gen. Bates' di- 
vision. After the war, from 1866 to 1876, he engaged in cotton 
planting, and next established himself in the insurance business. 
He was president of the Hope Insurance Co., and after the liquida- 
tion of that corporation was one of the founders and organizers 
of Confederate Memorial hall, and was its custodian from the 
date of its opening ^^ntil his death in 1909. He was president of 
the Confederate board of pensions for the state of Louisiana. Col. 
Chalaron was one of the organizers of the United Confederate 
Veterans, and in connection with this work obtained the title by 
which he was generally known. Dr. Frank J. Chalaron acquired 
his early education in the public schools of New Oi-leans, and in 
1887 graduated in the high school of the Univei-sity of Louisiana. 
He then entered the academic department of the Tulane university, 
and in 1888 matriculated in the medical department, from which 
he received the degree of M. D., April 6, 1892. In May of the 
same year he became connected with the Louisiana state boai'd of 
health as marine sanitary inspector of ships plying between New 
Orleans and Central American ports. In 1893 he was stationed at 
Bluefields, Nicaragua, as quarantine inspector for the Louisiana 
state board of health ; and in 1897 he was appointed inspector at 
Port Limon, Costa Rica, and Utilla, Ceiba, Honduras. Returning 
to New Orleans, the same year. Dr. Chalaron was appointed on 
the staff of the United States Marine hospital service as inspector 
of shipping for the port of New Orleans, during the yellow fever 
epidemic of that year. In 1899 he had charge of the Marine hos- 
pital office in the New Orleans custom house, and in 1904 Pres. 
Roosevelt appointed him United States pension examiner, in which 
capacity he is now acting. He is also surgeon of Camp No. 2, Army 
of Tennessee, United Confederate Veterans. Dr. Chalaron has an 
active military record. He joined the 4th battalion, Louisiana 
state national guard, in 1892, as a private, and later became its 
hospital steward. In 1896 he was made battalion surgeon with 
the rank of captain. At the outbreak of the Spanish-American war 
in 1898 Dr. Chalaron took part in the organization of the 2d Louisi- 
ana volunteer infantry, and became captain and first assistant 
surgeon, stationed at New Orleans, Mobile and Miami; at the 



BIOGRAPHICAL ^^ 



left JacksonviUe ^ °^ Javf nah f ^^nd on^^^ Leo, it was in 

sailed for Havana .Y^^^;^^;^^7/'occupation marched into Havana, 
the vanguard when the army 01 oc^^^ Savannah, where the 

March 23, 1899, Dr. Ct'^^f;°\" Hg 1899- He reentered the 
regiment was m^^^^^ered out April lo, ^^^^^ ^ ^^^ 

Louisiana national guard ^^1^;,^'^ continuing in service until the 
surgeon of the 1st Louisiana mfan^^^^^^^ .^ ^ ^ 

regiment wa^ mustered ^f- ^^If^^' April 30, 1903, he married 
Catholic, and m PoMics, a Demo^at. ^p ^.^ p^^^.,^^ of New 

Si;s'^^.t"i;eh^fa^S'c-is'tr:f^5 children: Claire, Henry. 

"-^^^^^^^^ S.S; 

in 1819, and came to Loiusiana "Vjf °' „^;;Jif ^f his grandfather, 
of Wesl Baton Rouge. Fo lowing the example JJ^ - ^^j^^ ^,^^^^,,. 

who fought in the ^f ^'"If ^^^^^^^ J^'^.^Scond Ueutenant of a 
teered for service m the Mexican wai, as seco ^^ ^^^^,^ 

Louisiana company. ^f^^lJ^^^Yo^.^Rouo-e for a number of years, 
of court in the parish of ^est Baton Kou^e^ioi ^^^ 

and later practiced law -^tj^^^^is pa tner CoL H. 3 ^.^^^^^ ^^.^^^^^ 
Chamberlin's success was ^^^^^^o mte iitj .^nfidence of all 

which gained for him the adrmra lo^i lesp^c a ^^ ^^^^ ^^^ 

who knew him He died m West Baton ^^^^^ ^ ^^ j„b Clark, 
of 67 years. He married Mary P. ^^^'^^'j^^^J^'^o Louisiana, and 
who came from his native stat^, ^j^'^^-^^Sm B- and Mary P. 
settled in West Feliciana parish^ Un^^^ ^ ^^^^^^ ,^i,^ in 

(Clark) Chamherlm 10 children f^^.^ ""'^/Jf 14 The following 
infancy and 1 in childliood, and 1 ^^ ^J^^f ^^^^^l . Mary Hester, 
grew to maturity WillmmB who ded^ ^^ 

rBi^^.^^garlt^lfe^off .j B.™- ^M Hugh Chamherlm, 
a well-known real estate clea lei- «4^;\°;,^^?^Sp,,ie health officer 
Chandler, Greene Croft M. °;' ^2,^7%°4\ j^^ss., Dec. 30, 1865. 
and able physician, was born at Ent^P^^^^Ver and judge of the 
His father, Greene C. Chandler, was a lawjei j .^^^^^ ^.^_ 

circuit court in Mississippi ^f.^^^^/^^r and lived to the age 
tHct attoimey. He was a Confe^e^^^^^^^ ^^^^^ ,f 

of 73 years. Dr Chandler «^ ™°Y;" ,,''S^,,'dler were natives of 
Martha Croft, ^n^. 1?"^^ f %f,"^.Sr ^as^ r^^ at Enterprise, 

Mississippi, in which sta e ^^^^f^^^^^J^^t.^^ in private schools 
Bay St. Louis and Corinth. He was emicatea 1 .^^^^.^j^ ^f 

the Agriculture and Mechanica ^^ f ^f.^^^ f f^'^, Tulane univer- 
Mississippi. In 1888 he Byf^^^^t^^\"^/"f ^"dicineat Natchitoches, 
sity, and at once began the P^f.^t^^^^^f/Z^p'to 1896, when he 
La., where he remained m active .P^'^Pj^^J "P^ ^^^^ eye, ear, nose 
located in Shreveport to «P,^cf i^, ^ 'Sgraduat w'ork at' New 
and throat, in which ^^^ ^ad taken postgraau ^^^^^^^^ 

Srs":^?^?/wS- h^e^h:s%:;^rasVresident, and has also 



96 LOUISIANA 

served as first vice-president of the Louisiana State Medical society, 
and is also a member of the Southern Medical society. June 15, 
1912, Dr. Chandler became a member of the board of health for 
the city of Shreveport, and as its president has made a record of 
which his many friends are proud. Upon assuming the duties of 
this office Dr. Chandler at once began with vigor to improve sani- 
tai-y conditions in the citj^ of Shreveport. A fight against the 
mosquito and the fly was inaugurated and carried on vigorously; 
but not only against the spreaders of disease did he labor with 
earnest and effectual purpose. The pure food and sanitary depart- 
ments of the city affairs did much to reduce the causes of disease, 
and from the beginning the death rate of the city began to lower. 
Shreveport is a city of rapid growth, but its board of health has 
meet the emergency, and under Dr. Chandler's presidency health 
conditions have greatly improved and the death rate in cases of 
preventable diseases has decreased, while the population has in- 
creased. Under the present administration of the Shreveport board 
of health there has not been one white resident death from typhoid 
fever and only 5 deaths from malaria in 23 mouths ending June 
30, 1914. And this board inaugurated a movement for fair Federal 
government mortality statistics, that is, rating the white and col- 
ored separately, so as to show the real health conditions of both 
races in various sections of the country. Dr. Chandler has been 
twice married. His first wife, Annie Hyneman, died 2 years after 
marriage, leaving a daughter, Eugenia, now Mrs. Ragan Striplin, 
of Corinth, Miss. In 1898 Dr. Chandler married Miss Herries Gray, 
the daughter of Dr. R. A. Gray, of Shreveport. Three sons and a 
daughter have been born to them, namely : Robert Gray, Greene 
Croft, Walter Bernard and Herries. 

Chappuis, Philip Jules, well-known attorney, and for 8 years 
mayor of the city of Crowley, La., was born near Thibodaux, La- 
fourche parish. La., Sept. 26, 1865 ; son of Jules and Josephine 
(Toups) Chappuis, both of whom were born in Lafourche parish, 
from which place they removed to Rayne, Acadia parish, where 
they have lived about 25 years. Jules Chappuis died June 29, 1914. 
The paternal grandparents, Etienne and Marie Louise (Sourd) 
Chappuis, both were born in France and came to America with 
their respective parents, who located in the state of Ohio. They 
were later married in that state, and, coming South, located in 
Lafourche parish. La., in the early part of the nineteenth century. 
The maternal grandparents, Thelesphor and Julienne (Bourgeois) 
Toups, both were born in Lafourche parish. La. The Toups and 
Bourgeois families are among the very oldest and most numerous 
in the state. Philip Jules Chappuis was the first of 3 children 
born to his parents, the other children being August L. and Celeste, 
now the widow of Romain Duhon, both of Rayne, La. The early 
education of Philip Jules Chappuis was acquired in public and 
private schools of Lafourche parish. In 1879 he entered Thibodaux 
cellege, and graduated from that institution in the year 1883, being 
now a member of the Thibodaux College Alumni association and 
vice-president of the organization. Following his graduation, he 
taught in the public schools of Lafourche parish during some 



BIOGRAPHICAL ^^ 



study of law m the "^^f^^^^f^Xn ^ffo^ the Louisiana supremo 
"""f • *°T,Jir\887 'k loXTh adSsion to the bar he opened 
court m July, 1887. ^ouo^iu,. OTeviouslv formed many acquamt- 
an office at Rayne where he had preMOU. > Crowlev at this 

ances, and began the practice of ^^y^; ^^^^'^XLveA to Crowley, 
time was in the embryonic *^tate. J^ 18^9 he le ^^^^^^ ^^ 

which had very recently ^'<^^^,^^"1\7,£*° It Crowley, Attorney 
the parish seat of the new parish "^ ^X ^itf E L Wells, which 
Chappuis formed a Partnership -^/^^ f,^, ^Chappuis prac- 
association contimied 6 '-JJ^^^^f ^^^^ ^vmcd his presei.t partner^ 
ticed alone untd Oct. 1^ ""^' ™ ^^^ f^,,^ name of Chappuis & 
ship with A. Percy Holt under ^ne a organization to 

Holt. This firm has ^-^^-^^^ ™f,^^'^frUap"uS h longer 

this time. With one f.^«^Pt>°^ °7^ ' f ^„,V oSr attorney now en- 
engaged in the practice of aw to ^J^^/ f ^.^y "n.^mbered 
gaged in practice m ^j^^dia pa ish ami I ^^ ^^^ 

among the most able and ""i*°' '"^^^i^i^'chappui'^ was married to 
state of Louisiana. May 19- l^Jl f i^ L N and Josephine (Le- 
Miss Eula M. Bourgeois, a dauglitero^^^^^ l^^^^ ^^^^ 

fort) Bourgeois of Lafourche Pf if?' ^^J^ ^,„^,, in 1892, a 
been born to their uiiion, hese be n^ . oau Georgetown 

graduate of Spring Hill ^^^ ^^;,S D C ' Guy, born in 1895. 
fmiversity school f l/-' ^^t^^^'^^Sle^V, nit nSV a student of 
formerly a student "^ ^^PV"^„ftL Louisiana State university, 
the agricultural department "/„„^'^%.7''ch,appuis is a member of 
Baton Rouge; Aline, \o™ "\1903_ ^J^^ [^appi ^ ^ ^^ 

the Roman Catho ic chm^cb and is aftUate^ ^^^^^^^^^ ^^ ^^^^^ 

Columbus. Benevolent & P™.^^^^^!^ ."^f 'he American Bar as.sociation. 
Louisiana State Bar f'^'''l]'''';''f'^^^^ the time he 

Mr. Chappuis has acted with ^^^e democratic par y ^^^^ ^^^_^^^ 

began to exercise ^^7--} %^°^,^^^^^^^^^^^ these terms having 

4 terms as mayor of the city ot Llo^v e> covered a period 

ended in 1906. His incumbency of the f ^ J "^^^J Congress from 
of 8 years. In 1912 Mr. Chappuis was V^^'^ p piiio and, while 
the 7th congressional district to --ed ^om^A^ P.^Pu,. ^^^^ ^^^ 

he was unsuccessful, did leceive a veiy ^ community m 

Chappuis stands very high among the people ot tne ..^^ 

which he lives, and is popular with a laige part ot tne 
citizenship of the 7th district. ^^^^^^ ^,^^^ 

J. Arthur Charbonnet lawyer IS a natue ot ^Ne ^^^^^^ 

was born Oct. 21, 1881, the son of ^ff "^^ A ,t rn hi Louisiana, as 
(Langlois) Charbonnet. Hi« Parents weie_^bmnm ^^^^^^^_ 

was also his paternal ff ^f '^^^^^r ^^J^^.^Slege fr^ which he 

;:;:f^::;art;SrTx:^^rS:^s;"=^^S^as smce pkcticed 



»8 LOUISIANA 

with pleasing success. In political affairs Mr. Charbonnet has been 
active in the support of the men and measures of the Democratic 
party. In fraternal circles he is a member of the Benevolent & 
Protective Order of Elks, and has served as commander of Lodge 
No. 16, Order of Benevolent Knights of America, and is now 
grand vice-commander of the grand lodge of this order. He is 
pi'ovost of the Aetna conclave of the Order of Heptasophs, and is 
president of the Thespians. Now assistant district attorney, and 
is engaged in the practice of civil law with Raymond Gauche, under 
firm name of Charbonnet & Gauche, with offices in the Citizens' 
Bank building. 

Charnley, John Thomas, postmaster, Alexandria, La., was born 
in Newport, R. I., March 7, 1854, the son of William and Sarah 
(McNiel) Charnley. The father was a native of England and was 
bound out as an apprentice to the stone cutter's trade for 7 years, 
and after serving 5 years and 11 months he ran away and came 
to America, about 1831. He first located in Massachusetts and 
worked as a stone mason on some of the first railroads in the 
country, building bridges. He m.arried in Connecticut Sarah Mc- 
Niel, who was born in Scotland, daughter of John McNiel, also of 
Scotland, a physician by profession, cotton manufacturer and for 
many years manager of large cotton factories at Johnson, Scotland. 
The parents removed from Rhode Island in the fall of 1854 to 
St. Lawrence county, N. Y., and in 1868 moved to Wisconsin, first 
settling in Milwaukee and then in Shawano, where they both died 
and were buried. They were the parents of 10 children, 3 of whom 
died in infancy and 7 grew to maturity; only 3 of whom are living 
at this time. John Thomas Charnley was the seventh child. His 
boyhood days were spent in St. Lawrence county, N. Y., where 
he attended the public schools. Becoming a mechanic at the age of 
17 he drew a man's wages. He was journeyman, foreman and later 
a contractor and spent 16 winters in northern Wisconsin driving 
logs on the rivers, 5 years of which he was foreman, and 1 year 
he and his brother, William Henry, logged on their own account. 
In the fall of 1889 he went to Texas and remained there until May, 
1890. On coming to Alexandria he started a bottling works, which 
he ran personally for 18 years and 3 years by active management. 
He was appointed postmaster in 1908 by Theodore Roosevelt and 
reappointed by William H. Taft, which position he still holds. He 
married in 1885 Eva L. Grimmer, who was born and reared in 
Shawano county. Wis., the daughter of Henr,v Grimmer. Mr. and 
Mrs. Charnley are the parents of 2 children; Euola, a teacher in 
the public schools of Alexandria, and John T., Jr., a student at the 
Gulfport Military academy, Gull'port. He is a Master Mason, a 
member of the chapter and council. Eastern Star, and of the com- 
mandery at Alexandria, and he is a Noble of the Mystic Shrine at 
New Orleans. He is also a member of the B. P. 0. E., and has 
held many offices in these different fraternities, and was worthy 
grand patron of the Eastern Star, Grand chapter, New Orleans. 
He has always taken an active ])art in public affairs and is well 
known. 

Chaplin, Chichester, Sr., of Natchitoches, parish of Natchitoches, 



BIOGRAPHICiSi ^^ 



return to the lY-^^^^.^.^^^? "^j^.^l^St^M^e H s father, also named 
Chichester Chaplm, Jr., ^o the picsem "' . ^. j^.^^iand, 

rviiplipster was the son ot Chichester Lhapiin, a nauvc oi x , 

Chichestei, was ui^ Orleans, La., m 1818. He 

was born Oct. 1, 1^00, and came to xvl , ^^^^^ ^.g_ 

studied law n.. «^«"«l«^^V4,{^^^a?/X his admittance to the 
tinguished jurists o± the st^^e J^^^^^^^^ Soon after 

bar, went to Texas, .N^here he ma^red^ Louisiana, and 

the death of his wite, Mi. ^^^^^P™^"''"^ ^^^^ place with 3kliss 
located in Natchitoches. ^ ^^^'^^^^J,^;! Removing from Natchi- 
Emily Palmer, f;^\f ^^er of Col. Palmei.^ 

in 1874 m the city of Natchitocues ^^^lo linden. La., the 

citizens elected him attorney toi J^ JtJ^ ^^^ ^^ ^1^^, .^ctice of 

aflairrTn the Masonic ovdor the judge » > "«'*'-•■»' ''«^'*™ 
S,.ca«dt"he pllic an<V Pnv.« «ch„o,^_«< ISiT^.JSr'at 

in farmmg, until the <J'«l»'-f''»" °' f" :;'\\\,^Ee of holtilities. 
a private soldier, Mr. Cha^p'-n serv <1 .mt.Mhe e »^^^^^ ^^ ^^^^ ^^^. 

and then entered a law office, ""<''"",„",?' state IcsislnWrc in 
The citizens of Natch.toches »nt him to *= "«« f ;,„, ,,„„d 

oTAtS^ie^ Ind ri'ot spTciaf alL-rtotslj the ,a. collector, 
-Sf ^tf ^B^Siirance Shrc,^^^^^^^ 
Sto-stfilrM^ >'h; Sr'f Uuca^d at west P^^^^^^^^^^ 
academy, and graduated ". he same «J»'-''g™„-'™Sdcrac,: 
?J: ."iTIffed'in'lM^^A? Sclme'cf-L death he .as in 



100 LOUISIANA 

charge of the United States forces at Pensacola, Fla. The paternal 
grandfather, Thomas Chase, was a native of the state of Massa- 
chusetts. The progenitor of the Chase family in America came 
from England in the early part of the 17th century and lo- 
cated in Massachusetts. He was accompanied by 2 brothers. The 
mother, Elizabeth (Flowers) Chase, was a native of New Orleans 
and a daughter of Col. William Flowers. Samuel Flowers, her 
brother, also attained the rank of colonel in military service. The 
Flowers family was among the early settlers at New Orleans and 
became prominent in the affairs of Louisiana at that time. The 
family ancestors were of Quaker stock and originally from Eng- 
land. James Flowers was the first representative of the family to 
locate in Louisiana, at a very early date. Thomas B. Chase, the 
subject of this sketch, was but a few months old when the death 
of his father occurred at Pensacola. Thereafter the mother re- 
turned to New Orleans with her 3 children, of whom Thomas 
E. was the youngest. His childhood and early youth were passed 
in the city of New Orleans, where at the age of 18 years he en- 
listed in the Confederate army as a member of Company C, Cres- 
cent regiment, under Col. Marshall J. Smith. He was wounded at 
the battle of Shiloh, and later was paroled at the city of New 
Orleans, remaining out of the service luitil 1863, when he returned 
to his regiment and served to the time of the surrender, being 
then at Shreveport. In July, 1865, he located at Shreveport and 
during the succeeding 17 years devoted his energies to the occu- 
pation of a bookkeeper in that city. He then became connected 
with the insurance business and has remained in that business 
since that time, an experience in insurance extending over 31 
years. Mr. Chase is without doubt one of the oldest men in his 
line of business in Louisiana. He has been twice married, the fii-st 
marriage having been to Miss Helen Kline, and the second to 
Miss Cornelia Spearman, of De Soto parish. No children have been 
born to either union. Mr. Chase took an active part in state, par- 
ish and city affairs in the days of reconstruction in Louisiana, and 
has at ail times since been actively identified with the public welfare. 
He is a Confederate veteran, a 32d degree Mason, and a past grand 
commander of the Knights Templar, and has for many years been 
prominently identified with Masonic affairs in Louisiana. 

Chavez, Prof. Francis 0., parish superintendent of public in- 
struction, St. Martinville, St. Martin parish, La., was born in 
Avoyelles parish. La., March 4, 1888. His father, Estevan Chavez, 
born at Havana, Cuba, of Spanish ancestrj-, came to Louisiana as 
a young man, and for many years was engaged in mercantile busi- 
ness at Marksville. His death occurred in the city of New Or- 
leans. The mother, Angela (Chaze) Chavez, was born at Marks- 
ville, La., and survives at this time. The maternal grandfather, 
Emile Chaze, was a native of Paris, France. He came to Louisiana 
when a young man and located at Marksville, Avoyelles parish, 
where he was actively engaged in mercantile business r;ntil the 
time of his death, in 1813, at the advanced age of 90 years. Francis 
0. Chavez, the subject of this sketch, in the course of his education, 
attended the public schools of Marksville, New Orleans, and 



BIOGRiVPHICAL 101 

Tampa, Fla. In 1904 he entcrpcl the Louisiana State normal school 
at Natchitoches, graduating in 1906, and in the same year began 
teaching a district school in Terrebonne parish, where he remained 
2 years, following which he became principal of Ponchatoula 
school. 'Beginning in the autumn of 1908, he was principal of a 
graded school at Hugo, Colo., after which he taught 2 j^ears in 
St. John the Baptist parish. In the autumn of 1911 he became 
principal of the high school at Roseland, La., but in Feb., 1912, 
was tendered the principalship of St. Mai'tinville high school, and 
preferring the latter place, he immediately accepted it and at 
once entered upon the duties of the position, which he continued 
occupying until July, 1913, when, having in the previous month 
been "elected superintendent of St. Martin parish schools for a 
term of 4 years, he assumed the duties of that office. In March 
of the year 1911 Prof. Chavez was married to Miss Katherine 
Chauvin, of Terrebonne parish, La., and 2 children have been 
born to their union, these being Francis 0., Jr., and Marjorie. Prof. 
Chavez votes the Democratic ticket and is a member of the 
Roman Catholic church and of the Louisiana State Teachers' asso- 
ciation. His position as superintendent of schools of St. Martin 
parish is one of large responsibilities, and the successful adminis- 
tration of its duties necessarily requires the services of a man of 
siiperior abilities and extensive educational equipment, and the 
fact of being selected to fill such an office, and among people who 
are thoroughly acquainted with his character and attainments, 
is manifestly a flattering compliment to the man so selected. Prof. 
Chavez has "the practical supervision of 28 schools, 2 of these being 
large high schools. 

Chenet, Henry S., A. M., the well-known educator of Louisiana, 
was boi-n in St. John the Baptist parish and is the son of J. Eugene 
and Myrthe (Poche) Chenet, both of the same parish. Myrthe 
Poche was a granddaughter of Perique Chenet, who originated the 
Perique tobacco, and although the name is the same, this Chenet 
was no relative of Henry S. Chenet 's ancestors. Henry S. Chenet 's 
grandfather was a member of the Louisiana legislature for several 
terms during the 40s and held a commission as captain in the 
United States army in the war with Mexico. Henry S. Chenet 
received his early education in his native parish, from which he 
went to the higii school at Troy, Mo., and from there to the 
Louisiana State university at Baton Rouge, graduating from there 
in the full classical course in 1884 with the degree of A. B. One 
year was spent in postgraduate work in the same institution, 
• studying Cxreek, Latin, chemistry and botany, for which the degree 
A. M. was conferred in 1885. "At that time Mr. Chenet intended 
to study medicine, but in 1887 he was invited to found an academy 
in Morgan City, La., which he did with such success that he was 
turned from the medical to the teaching profession. Mr. Chenet 
remained in Morgan City 2 years, when he accepted a position in 
St. John the Baptist parish, which he held for 3 years, and then, in 
Sept., 1892, he founded the Chenet institute in New Orleans. This 
institution is located at 3.507 Magazine street and ranks as one of 
the best college preparatory schools in the South. It is affiliated 



102 LOUISIANA 

with Tulane university and with the Louisiana State university at 
Baton Rouge, and througli these is practically accredited to all 
of the colleges and universities in the country. Students have gone 
from this school, without examination, into the Universities of 
Michigan, Pennsylvania, Cornell and Harvard. In this institution 
there are 6 teachers, and in addition to the grammar school stu- 
dents the course includes the English branches, Greek, Latin, 
French, Spanish, mathematics, natural sciences, history and litera- 
ture. Mr. Chenet believes in and practices in the best sense the 
principles of the golden rule and is liberal and tolerant in religious 
matters, but not a communicant of any church. He has always 
been interested in politics, but has never taken an active part in 
party management. As an evidence of his standing as a friend of 
higher education it may be noted that Mr. Chenet has been a mem- 
ber of the board of supei-visors of the Louisiana State iiniversity 
for 19 years, serving under Govs. Foster, Heard, Blanchard, San- 
ders and Hall. In 1892 Mr. Chenet was married to Miss Aline 
Romain, daughter of Mr. A. V. Romain, of New Orleans, and to 
Mr. and Mrs. Chenet the following children have been born : Mel- 
ville, James Elmore, Henry S., Jr., and Aline. 

Claiborne, Charles Ferdinand, 727 Common street, New Or- 
leans, La., was born at New Orleans, La., Feb. 2, 1848; son of 
William C. C. and Louise (De Balathier) Claiborne, the former of 
whom was born at New Orleans and the latter at Paris, France. In 
the course of his education Mr. Claiborne attended the Christian 
Brothers' school and the University of Louisiana. He was admitted 
to the bar in 1869 and has been engaged in practice as an attorney 
since that date, a period embracing very much of the important his- 
tory of New Orleans, La., and the South, with all of which Mr. 
Claiborne has been vitally concerned and identified. His youthful 
experiences, of course, were more or less affected by the stirring 
events preceding the Civil war, as was his early manhood shad- 
owed and darkened by the sanguinary conflicts, privations and 
hardships of that heroic struggle and the trying days of recon- 
struction that followed. In all of this Mr. Claiborne has partici- 
pated hand to hand, an actor in a drama of prodigious scale, and 
passing through those clouded years of internecine strife has seen 
the land of his nativity emerge not only from the devastating 
blight of civil war, but also from the almost equal harrowing 
scourge of yellow fever, and come out into the glorious light of 
liberty, peace, plenty, health, and boundless prosperity. It is, in- 
deed, a wealth of experience. Mr. Claiborne served as a member 
of Guibet battery, Sept. 14, 1874. In national politics Mr. Clai- 
borne affiliates with the Democratic party, biit his progressive 
tendencies and hearty cooperation with all movements having for 
their object the betterment of living conditions for the people, have 
led him to ally himself, in local political contests, without regard 
to party alignment, and in. accord with these principles he has 
been repeatedly elected as a member of the city council of New 
Orleans, serving in that capacity from the year 1888 to 1892, in- 
clusive, as a result of election upon a ticket put forward by the 
Yoiing Men's Democratic association, and again he was elected and 



BIOGRAPHICAL 103 

served in the city council from 1896 to 1900 as a candidate of the 
Citizens' league. He was a gold Democrat and favors tariff for 
protection as well as revenue. Mr. Claiborne is now and has for 
some years been serving as a member of three important commis- 
sions "in the city of New Orleans, namely, those of the New Or- 
leans public library. City park and Delgado Museum of Art. In 
Dec, 1913, he was appointed by Gov. Luther E. Hall one of the 
judges of the court of appeals for Orleans and other parishes. Dec. 
23, 1875, Mr. Claiborne was married to Miss Amelie Soniat du 
Fo'ssat, a daughter of Meloney Soniat du Possat, of New Orleans, 
and to' them the following children were born : Marie Louise, now 
the wife of Dr. Louis Perrilliat; Charles de Balathier, who married 
Miss Virginia Couturie; Amelie, who became the wife of Martin 
Levering Matthews ; Lucy, and Martin Duralde. 

Clayton, Charles Peach, general superintendent and manager of 
the 9th di-strict for the Producers' Oil Co., was born at Earhng- 
ton, Hopkins countv, Ky., July 23, 1872, and is a son of William 
Clayton, who was born in England. His mother bore the maiden 
name of Woods and died when her son was a mere boy. William 
Clayton came to America very early in life and after a brief resi- 
dence in Kentucky removed to Kansas. He has been interested in 
various forms of business, chief among which is that of the lumber 
industry, operating in several states. He has attained to the ripe 
old age of 81 years, and is now making his. home with the suli.ject 
of this sketch.' Charles P. Clayton obtained a common school edu- 
cation, and at the early age of 15 began the battle of life for him- 
self. For a while he did range work in western Kansas and in 
Colorado, and then was identified with the salt industry at Hutch- 
inson, Kan. Then began his career in the oil business, in which in- 
dustry he began as a common helper on the rig, from which he 
has steadily advanced in various positions until that of his present 
responsible station. He has forged to the front in the oil business 
by reason of diligently applying himself and by fidelity to his vari- 
ous employers. He has been identified with the oil industry in the 
fields of Kansas, Texas, Oklahoma and Louisiana, coming to the 
latter state in 1891 and to Shreveport in 1910. He has been with 
the Producers' Oil Company since its organization in 1902, and 
now holds one of the most responsible positions with the company. 
In 1894 Mr. Clayton and Miss Alice Tuttle were united in mar- 
riage, and unto this union were born 2 children, namely, Roy Earl 
and May Opal. Mr. Clayton is a Knight Templar Mason, and a 
Noble of the Mystic Shrine. He is also a member of the B. P. 0. E. 
Aside from other interests he is a director of the Continental Bank 
& Trust Co. 

Clerc, Rene Ferdinand, of New Orleans, was born in New Iberia, 
Nov. 14, 1875, the son of Charles Cfesar and Josaphine (Simon) 
Clerc. His father was born in Switzerland and his mother in 
France. The father came to this country when a young man, and 
the mother came with her parents when she was but a girl. They 
were married in Louisiana. For a while after their marriage they 
resided in New Orleans, and when the war of secession came on 
New Iberia was their home. At the latter place they continued to 



104 LOUISIANA 

reside until 1889, in which year they and their son, Rene Ferdi- 
nand, who is the youngest of 6 children, went to Europe, where 
they spent 18 months, and then returned to the United States and 
located in New Orleans, where the father died in 1892 at the age 
of 64 years, and where the mother, now aged 73, still resides. The 
father was a wholesale cattle dealer while residing at New Iberia, 
and was successful in business. The son was 14 years of age Avhen 
his parents located in New Orleans. His education was obtained 
in the schools of New Iberia and New Orleans and finished at 
Holy Cross college. At the age of 16 he began the battle of life 
for himself as a clerk in a wholesale grocery establishment at New 
Orleans. Finally he became a traveling salesman for groceries and 
was on the road for several years and, until .in company with 
others, he established the wholesale grocery concern of Clerc Co., 
Ltd., of New Orleans. Upon -withdrawing from that firm, which 
still later liquidated, IMr. Clerc became connected with the wholesale 
grocery company of Schmidt & Zeigler, Ltd., of which firm he was 
vice-president, and, disposing of his interest in the firm, Mr. Clerc 
became a manufacturer's agent, his present form of business. In 
August of 1912 he was appointed by President Taft United States 
appraiser of customs, port of New Orleans, a position he now holds. 
He is a 32d degree Scottish Rite Mason and a member of the Mystic 
Shrine, of the Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks and the 
United Conmiercial Travelers of America. In 1899 Mr. Clerc 
wedded Miss Florence, the daughter of E. J. and Emily (Ketty) 
Cai-stens, of New Iberia, La. In the main. Mr. Clerc 's business 
career has been that of a wholesale grocer. He has achieved grati- 
fying success, and in public affairs he has always taken a com- 
mendable interest. He is third vice-president of the New Or- 
leans board of trade, in which organization he has been an active 
member for several years. 

Cline, Daniel Davis, lawyer and resident of Baton Rouge, was 
born at Gi-eenwell Springs, East Baton Rouge parish. La., April 
29, 1877. He is a son of Orville H. and Mary Cornelia (Bearing) 
Cline. His father, a native also of East Baton Rouge parish, was 
a veteran of the Confederate army, and by occupation both a 
carpenter and merchant. He removed to East Feliciana parish 
about 1880, and there the subject of this sketch was reared. Or- 
ville H. Cline was a son of Hiram Cline, who was a native of Mis- 
sissippi. The Clines are of English origin.- The progenitor of the 
family in America, it is stated, was William Cline, who came with 
John Smith, and settled in Virginia. Dr. George W. Bearing, the 
maternal grandfather of Baniel Davis Cline, was a native of Ken- 
tucky, and for more than 35 years practiced medicine in Baton 
Rouge and vicinity. His parents emigi'ated from Wales to the 
United States. Unto Orville H. and ]Mary Cornelia (Bearing) Cline 
8 children were born. Of these, the subject of this sketch was the 
fourth. His early education was obtained in the public schools. In 
1898 he received his academic degree from the Centenary college, 
then located at Jackson, La., and in 1908 Mr. Cline obtained his 
degree of bacbelor of science from the Louisiana State university. 
By teaching he was enabled to secure funds wherewith to defray 



BIOGRAPHICAL 105 

ihe expense of gaining his education. For 4 years and until 
iqi9 he w?S instmctor in mathematics in the Louisiana State uni- 
versity Piev ously he had applied himself at intei^yals to other 
pursuits that he might be enabled to gam an education He had 
CS'e^asf carpenter and wheelwright had b^ 
n travelino- salesman, and for a while edited The Idea at ADoe 
ville In 1910 he began the practice of law at Baton Rouge, but 
drino- the following 2 years also continued to teach mathematics 
ti o Tmii.inna State uniyersitv. For one term, endmg m May 
S Sl4 Mr Se Sd tie position of city judge of Baton Rouge. 
Frateimally he is a Master Mason, a Knight of Pythias, and 
member ot^'thelmproyed Order of Red Men He is a member of 
S: Methodist Episcopal church, South -d - both profession^^^ 
1 „;„! i.ointimis sustains commendable station. Jan. -i, xojj, 
m aSf n fiS Tm " ilma Allen, the daughter of Thomas Day 
Ml. Inline "^'^';i,''> . .,1 ^^ ^^iito th s union were born the 
iiSclildmi^^Hilo'^'Da," Cornelia Lisha and OryiUe Helen 

^^roetievich Louis M., D. D. S., New Orleans, was born at Nairn 
La Jan 11 18^ son' of Marc and Mary (Pelas) Cogneyich, both 
mt'iyes of Louisiana. The paternal grandfather was a native o 
lus ria The father has been assessor, for a great many years a 
nSi Plaquemines parish. He is also a planter, and is interested 
hi the orange busincSs. Both parents are yet resident at Nairn at 
this time. To them were born 9 children, yiz. : Josephine wife of 
mitm- Chauyin; Joseph Marie, wife of George Lmcoln; Marc J 
nracticing dentistry at Lucy, La. ; Louis M., subject ot this sketch 
Mary Blfnche, wife of Maurice O'Brien, Austin, Tex^; Dewey at, 
coi?o.e and Gussie. The second, third, sixth, seyenth and eight 
?esid''e at Nairn, their birthplace. In the course of his|^ education 
Loids M Cogneyich attended Chenet institute, and haying fii- 
Tshe 1 at that institution entered the New Orleans College o Den- 
tistry Tulane university, from which he graduated with the de- 
oiee ^f D D. S., class of 1908. Since the completion of his pro- 
fessional studies Dr. Cognevich has been continuously engaged in 
t^e Stice of his profession at New Orleans. He is a member ot 
Z LoSu^a State%ental, New.Orleans College of Dent.s ry 
■ilumni and the Odontological societies. Oct. 20 1910, Di. Cogne 
vich waSmarried to Miss Antoinette Jaquet, dauglrter of Law- 
rence and Margaret (Schmitz) Jaquet, of New Orleans _ Mrs. 
Co-nevich's father is in the business ot manufacturing sugat. 

Cohn, Isidore, successful New Orleans Phy^^"/"^' His f'the ' 
was born at West Baton Rouge, La., April 9, l^^o^Kis a , 
Henry Cohn, Jr., was born at Alsace, France, m 1855; moth , 
?ophi> (Farrnbacher) Cohn, was horn at Nuremberg German 
in 1865 where her father, Jacob Farrnbacher, had gone with his 
family fi-om Louisiana during the Civil war. Henry Cohn Jr. came 
to the United States when 19 years old, at the time when Alsace 
came into the possession of Germany. He found employment as 
clerk in a mercantile establishment at Rodney, Miss., but later 
moved to Rosedale, La. In 1876 he established himself m West 
Baton Rouge and East Baton Rouge, and has continued so located, 



106 LOUISIANA 

being at this time the holder of extensive land interests. Jacob 
Farrnbachcr was born in Germany, came to the United States when 
a yonng man, and immediately engaged in business at Baton 
Rouge, where, with the exception of a short time during the Civil 
war, he has continued in business to the present time. Isidore 
Cohn received his earlier education at a private school conducted 
by the Misses Fowls and Barlow, at East Baton Rouge, followed 
by a course at St. Vincent's academy, from which he graduated in 
1899. In the fall of the same year he entered Louisiana State 
university, graduating in 1903 with the degree of B. S. He next 
entered the medical department of Tulane university, completed 
the 4-year course in 3 years, and graduated with the degree of 
M. D. in 1907. During 1905-6 he served as interne in the Shreve- 
port Charity hospital, and as interne at Touro infirmary, 1907-9. In 
the spring of 1909 he was appointed assistant demonstrator in 
minor surgery, medical department of Tulane university. In 1911 
he was elected clinical assistant in surgery, and in Jan., 1914, was 
elected junior surgeon on the staff of Touro infirmary. He was 
again further advanced on the teaching staff of Tulane university 
to the position of demonstrator and lecturer on minor surgery. 
Dr. Cohn is a member of the Orleans Parish Medical association, 
Louisiana State Medical association, American Medical association, 
Soixthern Medical association (of which he was secretary, 1913, and 
vice-chairman, 1914, of the surgical section), Touro Clinical so- 
ciety, St. James lodge, F. & A. M., No. 47, Baton Rouge, La. ; Grand 
Consistory of Louisiana, Jerusalem Temple, Shriners; Y. M. H. A. 
of Touro infirmar.y, and I. 0. B. B. Religiously, Dr. Cohn is affili- 
ated with the Jewish congregations. April 5, 1910, Dr. Cohn was 
married to Miss Alsie Waldhom, daughter of Moise and Albertine 
(Lob) Waldhom, of New Orleans. 

Cohn, Albert James, D. D. S., New Orleans, was born at Newell- 
ton, Tensas parish. La., Dec. 31, 1877 ; son of Alexander and Lena 
(Marks) Cohn, the former a native of Prussia, and the latter of 
Natchez, Miss. The father came to America in 1866 and located at 
the above named place. After a number of years he purchased a 
plantation in that locality and thereafter pas.sed the remainder of 
his life at the plantation home, where he died in the year 1906 at 
the age of 61 years. His widow survives at this time and resides in 
the city of New Orleans. To their union 5 children were born, 
namely : Florence, Stella, widow of Simon Abraham, Magnolia, 
Miss. ; Soloman L., a traveling salesman, who makes his home in' 
New Orleans ; Albert James, the subject of this sketch ; and Arnold 
E., in mercantile business at Magnolia, Miss. In the course of his 
education Albert James Cohn attended Chamberlain Hunter acad- 
emy, and after graduating fi'om that institution took a coui'se'at 
Louisiana State uiiiversity, following which he entered the Balti- 
more College of Dental Surgery and graduated from that institu- 
tion with the degree of D. D. S., in the class of 1899. Shortly after 
the completion of his professional studies, Dr. Cohn opened dental 
offices at the city of New Orleans, and since that time has devoted 
his abilities to the practice of his profession with increasing and 
gratifying success. The Doctor is a member of the First and Sec- 



BIOGRAPHICAL 107 

ond Disti'ict Dental, and the Louisiana State Dental societies, Psi 
Omega Dental fraternity of Baltimoi'e college, and the congrega- 
tion of Touro synagogue. Dec. 27, 1912, Dr. Cohn was married to 
Miss Rose Edna Germann, daughter of George and Katherine 
(Webber) Germann, both formerly residents of New Orleans but 
now deceased. 

Coignet, Joseph Alfred Octave, of Thibodaux, Lafourche parish, 
lawyer, was born in Lafourche, Sept. 28, 1878. His father, Guil- 
laume A. Coignet, a native of France, emigrated to Lafourche 
parish with Jean Baptiste Coignet, grandfather of the subject of 
this sketch. They located in Lafourche and engaged in the plant- 
ing business. Guillaume A. Coignet, who was 11 years of age 
when he came to this country, was reared and educated in the 
parish schools. At the death of his parent he succeeded him in 
the ownership of the Coignet plantation. During the Civil war 
(1861-1865), he was a member of the Louisiana State militia. He 
died at Thibodaux in 1895, aged 64 years. After receiving a 
primary and grammar education in private schools, and attending 
Thibodaux college, Joseph A. 0. Coignet entered Spring Hill col- 
lege, near Mobile, Ala., in 1893, graduating 5 years later with the 
degree of B. A. ; and in 1900 was honored with the degree of M. A. 
from Spring Hill college. Returning to Thibodaux after gradua- 
tion, Mr. Coignet was appointed deputy clerk of court of Lafourche 
parish, serving from 1898 to 1901, meanwhile studying law, and 
following the courses in the law department of Tulane university, 
from which he graduated in June, 1902. Since that time he has 
been practicing his profession in his native parish. A stanch Demo- 
crat, always taking active part in all political campaigns, Mr. Coig- 
net achieved deserved popularity, and was often given proof of the 
esteem and confidence of his fellow-citizens by being elected to 
public offices. At the age of 26 years, in 1904, he was elected to the 
state senate, and had the distinction of being the youngest member 
of that branch of the legislature, and the youngest ever sent from 
his senatorial district. Although serving but 1 term in the senate, 
Mr. Coignet was a member of several weighty committees — the 
health and quarantine, judiciary, railroads, elective qualifications, 
and constitutions. Until 1908 he was secretary of the Lafourche 
parish democratic committee, and was its chairman until July, 
1914, when he became chairman of the organization committee 
of the Progressive party for the parish of Lafourche. He is a mem- 
ber of the Elks and of the Knights of Columbus. In Dec, 1904, Mr. 
Coignet married Miss Marie Antoinette Ducrocq, a native of France 
who had come to Louisiana to visit her brother. Dr. H. L. Ducrocq, 
now residing in Lafayette parish. Mr. and Mrs. Coignet have 4 
children : Marie Antoinette, Alfred, Gerard, and Henry. The fam- 
ily is Roman Catholic. 

Colomb, John J,, D. D. S., New Orleans, was born in New Orleans, 
La., July 25, 1876 ; son of Henry C. and Melanie (Poursine) Colomb, 
the former born in St. James parish and the latter in New Orleans, 
both in Louisiana. The father was in business as a commission 
merchant at New Orleans many years, but is now retired. The 
mother died in 1880, and some time thereafter the father was mar- 



106 LOUISIANA 

ried to Miss Louise Reaud, a native of Orleans parish, La. The 
paternal grandfather, Christopher Colomb, was a practicing dentist 
of St. James parish. Five children, as follows, were born to the 
parents of the subject of this sketch : Anna, who became the wife 
of Robert A. Wilkinson, of New Orleans. She is now deceased, 
leaving 1 child; Henry C, New Orleans; John J., subject of this 
sketch ; Clara, wife of Martin Glockncr, Beaumont, Tex. They have 
2 children ; Mela, wife of G. P. Olivier, of New Orleans, and mother 
of 3 children. In the course of his education John J. Colomb at- 
tended the Jesuit Brothers' college at New Orleans, and after 
graduating from this institution a short time afterward entered 
the New Orleans College of Dentistry and in due course graduated 
with the class of 1902. After having secured his D. D. S. degree 
the young doctor entered the dental office of his uncle, George A. 
Colomb, himself a D. D. S., and there spent some time in associ- 
ate practice. About this time, however, the Spanish-American war 
began and the young dentist's patriotism demanded that he enlist 
in the service of his country, which he did in May, 1898, as second 
corporal, company L, 2d Louisiana regiment. His command went 
forward and did service in Cuba throughout the contest, during 
which he accumulated a very fair idea of the life of a soldier in the 
field, but came out of the experience without serious mishap and 
at the termination of hostilities returned to New Orleans. After 
a brief period of i-ecuperation he opened a suite of offices and put 
up his sign as a D. D. S. From that time the call for his pro- 
fessional service ha^ .engrossed the Doctor's undivided attention, 
with an ever-increasing list of patients. 

Cooper, Asahel Walker, the lawyer, is a son of Asahel "Walker 
Cooper, who was born in Lancaster coiinty. Pa., Sept. 5, 1806, and 
died in New Orleans, May 22, 1883, and who was a son of a Quaker 
and educated in the common schools of his native state, where he 
learned the carpenter's trade, being bound out at the age of 17 
to learn the trade in the city of Philadelphia, whence he came to 
New Orleans in 1830, coming by way of a sailing vessel. In New 
Orleans he applied himself to his trade, became a contracting archi- 
tect and builder, and grew prosperous, accumulating prior to the 
war of secession much real estate property in New Orleans. Many 
buildings stand today in New Orleans as monuments to his excel- 
lent craftship as a builder. He retired from business in 1870. One 
of the noted pieces of property owned by Mr. Cooper was the 
Cooper Cotton Press, which he acquired before the war and which 
remained in the possession of the family until 1912, when it was 
sold to the Texas & Pacific. Mr. Cooper was twice married. His 
first wife bore the maiden name of Ann Sullivan. She died in 1870, 
leaving 2 daughters, Sarah Jane and Margaret Ann. His second 
wife he married in 1872. Her maiden name was Eliza A. Loney 
and she was born in the province of Ontario, Canada, of French 
and Irish parents. She died in 1910, leaving 1 son, Asahel Walker 
Cooper, who' was born in New Orleans, Nov. 26, 1874, educated at 
Jesuit college, then took a preparatory course at Andover, Mass., 
and graduated from Yale college with the degree of A. B. in 1897, 
and in 1898 obtained his degree of LL. B. from Tulane universitv. 



BIOGRiVPHICAL 109 

He read law with the late Judge A. G. Brice and was associated 
with him iu the practice of law until the death of Judge Brice. 
He now holds rank among the lawyers of New Orleans. He comes 
of an excellent family of New Orleans. His father was a prom- 
i7ient citizen of this city for many years, and numbered among that 
class of citizens who constituted what was known as the American 
colony in New Orleans. The elder Jlr. Cooper was reared a Quaker, 
but in New Orleans was identified with the Presl)yterian church. 
The present Asahel W. Cooper adheres to the church faith of his 
mother — the Roman Catholic. 

Cormier, Charles E., of New Orleans, president of the Charles 
E. Cormier Rice Co., Ltd., was born in Pittsfield, Mass., Sept. 7, 
1865, son of Louis Cormier, a native of Louisiana, whose father, 
Louis Cormier, ran away from France at the age of 10 years, and 
came to Louisiana, where he was a seafaring man for many years, 
and was the owner of 5 ships at the time of his death, at the age of 
42. His son, Loiiis, was reared and educated in New Orleans, and 
was connected in early manhood with the Illinois Central R. R. 
Later on, he engaged in the cotton press business. When the Civil 
war broke out, he enlisted in the Confederate army and served to 
the end of hostilities. Charles E. Cormier's father married Miss 
Helen F. Backus, a native of Newark, N. J. She died at the age of 
42 years. The subject of this sketch is 1 of 3 children. The 
other 2 are, Louis Cormier, of New Orleans, and Mrs. Indianola 
Cormier Wilson, widow of Henrj^ F. Wilson, and now residing in 
Boston, Mass. After having received a preliminary education in 
the public schools of New Orleans, Mr. Charles E. Cormier studied 
at the University of Loiiisiana, now Tulane, and in 1896 went into 
business for himself, and is now head of one of the largest rice 
dealing firms in New Orleans. He married, in 1890, Miss Helen 
Castaing, daughter of Alex, and Gabrielle (Pascal) Castaing. Mr. 
and Mrs. Cormier had 6 children : Lillian, wife of Dr. H. AV. E. 
Walther, of New Orleans; Percy L., of New Orleans; Indianola; 
Helen; Harry W., and Charles E. Cormier; the latter died at the 
age of 5 years. Mr. Cormier is a member of the Chess, Checkers 
and Whist club, the St. John Rowing club, the Southern Yacht club, 
also a member of the Masonic order, the Knights Templar and the 
Shriners. 

Comelson, George Henry, Jr., First Presbyterian church, New 
Orleans, was born at Orangeburg, S. C, Nov. 2, 1869 ; son of George 
Henry Cornelson, Sr., born Jan. 8, 1843, in Hanover, Germany, and 
who was also educated in Germany and came to the United States 
in 1865. On arriving in this country he landed at New York and 
remained in that state about 2 years, following which he proceeded 
to Orangeburg and there engaged in mercantile business and cotton 
manufacturing. His business enterprises were successful, and he 
has continued to reside in the South Carolina city, though at this 
time has retired from active participation iu business. His wife, 
Angle (Holman) Cornelson, mother of George Henry, Jr., was born 
in 1851 in the same city at which the life of her son began. George 
Henry, Jr., received his early education in his home city, including 
Sheridan's Classical high school there, later attending the South 



110 LOUISIANA 

Carolina Military academy at Charleston, known as "The Old 
Citadel," where the course of instruction extended over 4 years, 
during which time he was advanced by the faculty to the position 
of cai^tain of the prize company of the school, a particularly cov- 
eted post awarded in recognition of merit. The military feature 
of this school was at that time under the supervision of "West Point 
graduates, oifieers of the regular army. Following his graduation 
young Cornelson became connected with his father's business, but 
after aboiit 18 months decided to enter the ministry, and in accord 
with this decision entered Davidson college, Davidson, N. C, from 
which institution, after 21/0 years, he graduated with the degree of 
A. M., in 1892. This was followed by a year of study at McCormiek 
Theological seminary, Chicago, and 2 years at Columbia Theo- 
logical seminary, Columbia, S. C, where he secured the degree 
of B. D., in 1895. Still pursuing the studies of preparation for his 
life work, he next took a 3 months' course at the University of 
Chicago, following this with a trip to Europe and a year of post- 
graduate work at the then Free Church, college and the University 
of Edinburg, Scotland. In 1896 Rev. Cornelson became pastor of 
the First Pi-esbyterian church, Malvern, Ark., where he remained 
3 years and then accepted a pastorate at Aiken, S. C, for 18 
months. These initial terms were followed by 6V2 years of pas- 
toral work at Concord, N. C, and it was while here that the degree 
of D. D. was conferred upon him by his Alma Mater, Davidson col- 
lege. In 1907 he was called to the Memorial Presbyterian church, 
of Nashville, Tenn., where he remained 2Y2 years. In Sept., 1909, 
he came to New Orleans to take charge of the First Presbyterian 
church, and has continued in this pastorate to the present time. 
At Concord, N. C, Rev. Cornelson 's work, apart from other achieve- 
ments in helpfulness, resulted in the building of 3 additional 
churches, 2 of these being missions and the third a regular house 
of \yorship. Since coming to New Orleans Rev. Cornelson has 
been instrumental in establishing the St. Charles Avenue branch 
of the First Presbyterian church, the branch house of worship 
under the care of the First Presbyterian congregation. Nov. 10, 
1897, Rev. Cornelson was married to Miss Emma F. Bailey, of 
Clinton, S. C, a daughter of N. S. Bailey, merchant, banker, and 
manufacturer and one of the foremost citizens in the upbuilding 
of that section of the country. Two children have been born to 
Rev. and Mrs. Cornelson, viz. : George Henry, Jr., II., and Rose 
Bailey. Rev. Cornelson is a Royal Arch Mason, member of the 
Knights of Pythias and Woodmen of the World. 

Crebbin, Dr. John Thompson, M. D., successful physician and 
president Louisiana State Board of Nurses Examiners, New Or- 
leans, was born near Lawrence, Kan., son of John Hays and Annie 
J. (Thomson) Crebbin, the former of whom was born at Liverpool, 
England, 1849, and the latter in Ireland in the year 1853. The 
mother is resident in the city of New Orleans at this time. The 
paternal grandparents, John and Ellen (Hays) Crebbin, were 
natives, respectively, of the Isle of Man and of Liverpool, England. 
John Crebbin removed from the Isle of Man to Liverpool while a 
young man, and was later married at the latter place. In 1851, 



BIOGRAPHICAL ^ 

witl, Tii« family he came to America, and shortly after his arrival 

msmmmm 

fhe'E'r »! Nose and'TCoit hospital. The Doctor also is pres. 
?o^,t o£ the'CTsiana State Board oi: Nurses Exammers, liavrng 
dent ot tne 'jouis Crebbm is a mearber of 

S.f : staMed .0 ^M;^, ^lise Ah..s ot New ^Orica,,^^^^^^^ 
daughter of Rev. J. B. A. Aniens u.iJ.,d^ ehurch South. One 

the former a prominent divine of the JVl.^. emu en, ooulu. 
dauah er Elise, has been born to Dr. and Mrs. Crebbm 
"'Sufp^pper, Hon. Robert Campbell, attorney and ex^state sen^t^i 
Alexandria La., was born in Jackson parish, La. ^f.^ ,^^^'/p' V 
^n of Robert Mallory and Martha Vii-gmia . Hawtho ne C^- 
pepper, the former of whom was born "^^eorgia a id the latte m 
Vir-inia The father came to Louisiana m the >eai l^^^;*' ^f ^j"?,^ 
at Mt Lebanon. His father, Joseph Culpepper, was a na ive of the 
state of Georgia and died while yet resident m that state The 

SHis'i,o5p''S.o„tl,wore^^^^^^ 



112 LOUISIANA 

some time previous to his graduation from the state normal, he had 
been engaged in teaching, and after graduating he continued in 
this employment about 4 years. In 1900 he was elected clerk of 
court in Jackson parish, remaining incumbent of this office until 
1908, when he was elected a member of the Louisiana state senate 
from the senatorial district composed of Jackson and Ouachita par- 
ishes, his term expiring in 1912. Also, he served as cashier of the 
Jackson Parish bank from 1909 to 1912, at Jonesboro. During 
some time past he had been studying law, in connection with other 
employments. He was admitted, to the bar in 1912, and in the same 
year removed from Jonesboro to Alexandria. Since then he has 
been engaged in the practice of law at Alexandria. Senator Cul- 
pepper is a Chapter Mason, and a member of the Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks. In 1909 Senator Culpepper was married 
to Miss Margaret D. Wyatt, a daughter of Peter Wyatt, of Jackson 
parish, La., and 2 children have been born to their union, namely : 
Lillian and Robert Wyatt. Within the comparatively short time 
that Senator Culpepper has been in the practice of law at Alexan- 
dria he has firmly established himself as a learned and able coun- 
selor-at-law, and has gained a substantial and desirable clientele. 
He takes an active part, as a citizen, in political and public affairs 
generally and is widely known as a man of sterling character and 
personal worth. 

Cunningham, Milton J., lawyer and distinguished citizen, was 
born in De Soto parish, then part of Caddo, La., March 10, 1842. 
His father, John Hamilton Cunningham, was a native of South 
Carolina, from which state he went to Mississippi and later to 
Louisiana, and settling in Caddo parish, lived there several years, 
then moved to Minden, thence to Mt. Lebanon, Bienville parish, 
later to Homer, Claiborne parish, for many years and where the 
subject of this sketch was educated, and then moved to Natchi- 
toches in 1860, where he died at an advanced age. He was a lawyer, 
merchant and planter. The mother of Milton J. Cunningham bore 
the maiden name of Buie and was a native of Mississippi, where 
they were married. IMilton J. Cunningham was reared in Claiborne 
parish and at the ago of 16 he began teaching school. When the 
Civil war came on he volunteered in the Confederate army, and 
after gallantly serving the cause of the Confederacy, and at the 
close of the war, Mr. Cunningham again resumed the study of law 
in Natchitoches, where he began his brilliant career as a lawyer. 
By close application to his profession he rose rapidly in public 
esteem. He took an active part in politics from an early period in 
life, was a prominent figure as a Democrat in the days of recon- 
struction, and was made chairman of his party in Natchitoches 
parish. He was elected district attorney, and in this office served 
with exceptional ability. He was a member of the Louisiana State 
Constitutional convention of 1879, prior to which time he served as 
a member of the legislature, and served with distinction as state 
senator. In 1884 he was elected attorney general of Louisiana. He 
filled this position 1 term, and after an interim of 1 term was again 
elected to that office in 1892, and again in 1896. For 12 years Mr. 
Cunningham acted as attorney-general of the state and won an 



BIOGRAPHICAL 113 

enviable reputation as being one of the ablest lawyers who had 
ever served the state in that capacity. From 1884 to the present 
time, excepting from 1888 to 1892, he has resided in the city of 
New Orleans. He has long held plantation interests in Natchi- 
toches parish, and also has been interested in stock raising. Mr. 
Cunningham has been married 4 times. His first wife was Miss 
Thalia Tharp, who died, leaving 3 children, namely: Milton J., 
who died 1909 ; John H., who was drowned at the age of 9 years, 
aJKl William Tharp Cunningham, now .judge of the 11th .iudicial 
district. For a second wife, Mr. Cunningham married Miss Annie 
Peyton, who bore him 2 children: Ida G., and Charles Milton. 
Ceeile Hertzog became Mr. Cunningham's third wife, and she bore 
him the following children: Sidney Ceeile, Ivy, Charlotte, and 
Laura. His present wife bore the maiden name of Emma Blouin, 
and by her he is the father of 2 children, Preston H. and G. Ham- 
ilton. Generous of heart, and unassuming, he was enabled to gain 
the confidence of his fcllowmen, and by reason of ability as a 
lawyer and public speaker he acquired not only rank among the 
ablest of lawyers, but as a well and favorably known man of public 
affairs. As a legislator he became the author of many splendid 
laws now on the statute books of Louisiana. His greatest achieve- 
ment, professionally, was in the office of attorney-general. He 
has espoused the movements that have fended to the public good, 
and has long been numbered among the distinguished citizens of 
Louisiana. 

Cunningham, William Tharp, .judge of the 11th judicial district, 
composed of Natchitoches and Red River parishes, was born in 
Natchitoches parish, Aug. 21, 1871, and is a son of Milton J. and 
Thalia (Tharp) Cunningham. He was reared in his native parish, 
and educated in the public schools, the preparatory department of 
Tulane university and the Louisiana State Normal school. For 14 
years he was engaged in farming and stock raising, and still re- 
tains his plantation interests. He studied law at Tulane university 
and was admitted to the bar in 1904 before the supreme court of 
Louisiana. He began practicing law at Natchitoches, and con- 
tinued until 1912, when he was elected district judge. In 1908 he 
was elected a member of the lower house of the state legislature, 
where he served 1 term with distinction. August 5, 1895, Judge 
Cunningham married Miss Emma Johnson, daughter of James J. 
and Elizal)eth (Campbell) Johnson. Mrs. Cunningham is an ac- 
complished lady, an active worker in the Methodist Episcopal 
church and is secretary of the home department of the church in 
Louisiana. 

Cushman, Willard Stevens, M. D., successful physician and cor- 
oner of East Baton Rouge parish, Baton Rouge, La., has won grati- 
fying success in the practice of medicine and surgery. He obtained 
his degree of M. D. from Tulane University of Louisiana in the year 
1900, and immediately began the practice of his profession at the 
town of Baker, in East Baton Rouge parish. There he remained 12 
years, engaged in an active general practice. In 1912 he was 
elected coroner of East Baton Rouge parish, and to better discharge 
the duties of this office removed to the city of Baton Rouge, his 
III— 8 



114 LOUISIANA 

present place of residence. He is a member of both the East Baton 
Rouge parish and the Louisiana State Medical societies, the Benev- 
olent and Protective Order of Elks, and various other fraternal 
organizations. In 1903 Dr. Cushman was married to Miss Lilah 
Merritt, of Baker, La., and 2 daughters, Mabel and Helen, born to 
this union, brighten the home of the parents. Dr. Cushman was 
born at Bayou Chicot, St. Landry parish. La., Feb. 9, 1876, and was 
reared in that parish up to the age of 16 years, when his parents 
removed to the city of New Orleans, where he gi-aduated in 1897 
from the Boys' high school, later entering the medical depart- 
ment of Tulane university, from which he graduated as previously 
stated. Dr. Cushman is a son of Bingham and Lucy (Heath) Cush- 
man, both of whom were born in the state of Louisiana. The father 
was a veteran of the Civil war. He enlisted in the Confederate 
army as a member of a Louisiana company. In the course of the 
war he was taken prisoner at the battle of Lookout Mountain, 
and during the succeeding 3 years was held as a prisoner of war 
at Rock Island prison. In early life Bingham Cushman, the father, 
was a school teacher, and for 19 years prior to his death, in 1912, 
at the age of 70 years, he held a clerical position in the office of 
the Federal surveyor of customs at New Orleans. He was a de- 
scendant of the New England family of Cushman that has fur- 
nished many distinguished characters, and of which family there 
has never been known any member who was a pauper or an adult 
who was illiterate, the members of this family having been distinguish- 
ed for thrift and intelligence throughout the family history. The 
founder of the Cushman family in America was the distinguished 
divine, Robert Cushman, who, though the charterer of the good 
ship Maj'flower, did not come over the waters to the New "World 
as a member of the party aboard that famous vessel, but did come 
aboard another vessel that shortly followed the Mayflower to the 
New England coast, and it is claimed that he preached the first 
sermon on American soil that was deemed worthy of publication in 
England. 

Daniels, Frank Andrew, ex-postmaster, bank president, frater- 
nalist, and one of the most widely known and most popular citizens 
of New Orleans, is a son of Francis Anthony and Mary (Leddy) 
Daniels, and was born in New Orleans, La., Dee. 1, 1858. The 
father was born at Paris, France, March 3, 183L He came to Amer- 
ica in the year 1837 and immediately located at New Orleans, 
where he afterward followed the trade of a machinist throughout 
the remainder of his life. He died Feb. 22, 1913. Mary Leddy, his 
wife, and mother of the subject of this sketch, was born in Ireland, 
Oct. 18, 1838. The parents were married Dec. 3, 1857, and to their 
union 4 sons, as follows, were born : Frank Andrew Daniels, sub- 
ject of this sketch ; Joseph "W., Albert Sidney, and Edward Hilton. 
Frank Andrew Daniels attended public and private schools in the 
City of New Orleans until his fifteenth year, when, in 1873, he 
became a clerk in the service of A. K. Miller & Co., steamship 
agents, where he remained until 1889 in the same capacity. In 
the latter year he became a partner in the business, and in 1905 
became head of the firm, which does an extensive business as agent 



BIOGRAPHICAL ^^ 



fnr. thP North German Lloyd, the Aiistro-American, and other 

Tran ItlaS s^ean.ship companies. Mr. Daniels has been and 

^ fi,L tiniP a man of many associations, large responsibilities, 

Ser a.New Orleans from 1894 «. 18'8. - « "'.^o" tl.uZ 

s:rr»=sf=naTi rc"r;,t^T; i^^f^"°"ft^ 

,„.nd.„es„„,n..el,: aryLo„.e«^^^ 

Ltr^k Albion D'iSirw'ho i, married ,o Miss Leunie B.rlo,, 

"^D^Seau,' hScS-, M. D., of T„i,»<,a,«, ^»J»SreS"«;: 

a retired practitioner, still retaining to a remarkable extent tiie 
exercise of Ms mental and physical faculties, at the Patnarchal 
age of 82 years. The blood of the pioneer ^-^^<^'\^'}Z''l^i ^Sat 
ada which flows through his veins has endowed him with tliat 
sttdTners orconstitution for which the early settlers were no ed. 
Peter Dansereau was the tirst of the name to come ^o Ame, ica, 
from France about the year 1700, locating near Montreal, Can- 
SwherTmrny of the 'family still reside Hercules Dansereau 
was born in province of Quebec, May 2, 1832 the son o^ 
Tosenh Dansereau, merchant, born at Vercheres, Canada in 
179?' died 1888; his wife, Rosalie (Chagnon) Dansereai. also a 
native of Vercheres (1800), died at Vercheres m 1875^ A^^^ the 
PPivinff his nrimary and grammar school education at home. Tiie 
S? of tlSs sketch entered Montreal college, -here he^re^name^i 
7 years. Next he studied for 3 years m the College of Phy/'f'^^^ 
& Surgeons, of Montreal, now Laval university, ^^^ th^^'J^^,"^^ 
year studied in the College of Medicine, Albany, N. ^^ f ?f"f '°^ 
fn 1853 During the latter year. Dr. Dansereau came o NeAv Or- 
leans followed flie clinics and lectures at the Charity hospital for 
a few monriit and went to the town of Po-^e-a-la-Hache in the 
mrisli of Plaquemines, where he practiced medicine until 1858 
wh n he mo ed to Thibodaux. The town was then ^^ ^ts infancy 
in the midst of a sparsely-settled region and sin-rounded b^ ^^oods^ 

sometimes traveling many miles in fair and in bad ^veather 



116 LOUISIANA 

hasten to the relief of his fellow-citizens. When the Civil war 
broke out, in 1861, Dr. Dansereau enlisted in the Southern army 
and was made lieutenant of the Lafourche Guards, 4th La. infan- 
try, which was stationed, successively, at Pascagoula, Miss. , Ship Is- 
land, Jackson, Tenn., and Corinth. The Lafourche Guards took 
part in the battle of Shiloh. In April, 1862, Dr. Dansereau re- 
signed from the army, returned to Thibodaux, where he resiimed 
tlie practice of medicine until 1906, retiring in that year and leav- 
ing his clientele to his son, Dr. Philip Dansereau. Although well 
past his 80th year. Dr. Hercules Dansereau keeps up his interest 
in matters pertaining to his profession and to the social life. He 
is a member of the Roman Catholic church, and in politics is a 
democrat, having served 2 terms as alderman of the town of Thibo- 
daux. In 1868 he married Miss Alida Aycock, daughter of One- 
zime Aycock, of Terrebonne parish. His wife died in 1910. Eight 
of their 11 children are living: Dr. Philip J. Dansereau, of Thibo- 
daux; Mathilde (Mrs. Richard McMahon), Anna, Pauline (ilrs. 
John McNamara), May (]Mrs. Albert Enguand), Marie (Mrs. Law- 
rence Menuet). Henrietta (]\Irs. Charles Gouaux), and Dr. Henry 
Dansereau. 

Dansereau, Philip J., M. D., of Thibodaux, Lafourche parish, is 
a descendant of a Frencli-Canadian family, that emigrated from 
France more than 200 years ago, and became prominently identi- 
fied with the life and the strenuous experiences of the early set- 
tlers of Canada — hardy men, and brave women, who, in spite of 
persecution and tyrannical treatment, remained faithful to the 
customs, language and traditions of the mother country. The 
Dansereaus of the province of Quebec, forbears of Dr. Dansereau, 
and of his father, Dr. Hercules Dansereau, distinguished them- 
selves in the social, political and professional activities of the 
community in which they lived. The subject of this sketch was 
born at Thibodaux, May 8, 1869, 11 years after Dr. Hercules Dan- 
sereau had located in that town. At the age of 13, he went to 
Canada and entered the Jesuits' college at Montreal, where he 
studied for four years; next continuing his education at the Ford- 
ham university, Fordham, N. Y., for 2 years. Having chosen med- 
icine for his profession, young Dansereau matriculated in the Col- 
lege of Physicians & Surgeons, Columbia university, in 1888, grad- 
uating 3 years after. Following the receipt of his diploma. Dr. 
Dansereau took a post-graduate course in the medical department 
of Tulane university and in the Charity liospital. New Orleans. 
In 1903, after having practiced his profession for a short time 
in the parish of Assumption, La., he returned to his native town. 
Dr. Hercules Dansereau, his father, having been actively engaged 
in his calling for more than half a century, retired in 1906, leav- 
ing his clientele to a worthy and able successor, Dr. Philip Dan- 
sereau, who soon won the esteem and confidence of the people of 
Lafourche parish, and now takes rank with the prominent phy- 
sicians of Louisiana. In 1901 he married ^liss Olive Conintment, 
of Thibodaux. They are the parents of 8 children, Jeanne, Philip, 
Claude, Marcelle, Edeard (deceased), Harold, Lucille, and Edward 
II, who are of tlu; eighth generation of Dansereaus in America, 



BIOGRiiPHICiyj 117 

and of the third generation in Louisiana. Dr. Dansereau takes 
active interest in public affairs, and is at the present time presi- 
dent of the Lafourche parish board of health; is member of the 
Lafourche parish, and of the Louisiana State Medical societies; 
also affiliated with the fraternal orders, Maccabees and the Wood- 
men of the World. Dr. Dansereau is a follower of the Roman 
Catholic faith. 

Darsam, Jacob, Sr., was born in Hesse, Darmstadt, Germany, in 
1840, and was one of a large family. When 4 years old he came to 
America with his father and settled in New Orleans. Owing to 
reverses and death in the family, he had small opportunity for an 
education and was thrown upon his own resources when quite 
young. When still a young man he took up cotton sampling and 
weighing, which he followed until he amassed a competency. He 
retired in 1901, since which time he has done no business, but is 
now living as a retired capitalist. Mary Eickle was born in Stutt- 
gart, Germany, in 1843, and in 1861 was married to Jacob Dar- 
sam, Sr. This couple were the parents of 10 children, as follow: 
Jacob, Jr., Amelia, Christopher, John Valentine, Louise Helena, 
Josephine Elizabeth, Joseph, Mary Georgiana, Frederick Emiel, 
and Frances Viola Virginia. Of these 10 children 2 attended a 
German-American school, the others went to public school and 
graduated from the high school. Frederick E. and Frances Viola 
V. took a commercial course in Soule college. The 5 brothers first 
began business in the cotton trade, but in Jan., 1907, they started 
as coal dealers, and from the start to the present time they have 
done well, and are now considered one of the largest coal firms in 
New Orleans. They have a large trade in Alabama soft coal for 
the city domestic use, a large anthracite trade, which reaches New 
Orleans via the Mississippi river, and a large trade in gas coke, 
which comes -from Mobile. Christopher was married to Lula Huse- 
man, in New Orleans, about 1890, and they have 1 daughter, Ruth. 
John Valentine is single. Joseph was married in 1906, to Caroline, 
daughter of Joseph W. Hirn, who has been called the governor- 
maker, and Mary S. Conley. They have 1 daughter, Mary Sophia. 
Frederick was married in 1909 to Edna, daughter of Ralph E. 
Dadey. Tliey have one son, Frederick Emiel, Jr. Amelia mar- 
ried John Fred Muller, president of the Muller Furniture IManvi- 
facturing Co. They have 7 children: Louise, Frederick, William 
Cornelius, Amelia, Leah, Lillian, Pauline. Louise Darsam mar- 
ried Charles Muller, secretary and treasurer of the Muller Furni- 
ture Manufacturing Co., and they have the following children : 
Chai'les, Morris, and John W. Mary Georgiana married George 
N. Templeman, secretary of the Consolidated Realty Manufactin*- 
ing Co., of New Orleans. They have 2 children, Marion and EdAvin. 
Mr. Eickle, the father of Mrs. Jacob Darsam, Sr., was a sculptor 
of some note in Germany. 

Daspit, Henry, well known public accountant and business man 
of New Orleans, was born July 16, 1855, in Terrebonne parish. La. 
His father, Robert Daspit, born in Louisiana in 1811, died in 1870 ; 
was a sugar planter and merchant in Terrebonne parish. Robert Das- 
pit's grandfather was Daspit de St. Amant. Henry Daspit 's mother 



118 LOUISIANA 

was Myrthe Chauvin of the same parish, and was a granddaughter of 
Chanvin de la Frenierre. One of these Chauvins was attorney gen- 
eral of France. Mr. and Mrs. Robert Daspit had 10 children named : 
Adele, Elvira, Charles M., Oscar B., Victoria, Arthur, Anbin, Henry, 
Ella, and Joseph R. Henry Daspit spent his youth in his native par- 
ish, attended private school until he was 15 years old. He then 
moved to New Orleans and entered Dolbear's Commercial college. In 
1874 he began the sugar business in the employ of Bush & Levert, 
■\\dth which firm he remained until 1893. Following this for 3 years 
he was in the commission business as a member of the firm of Daspit 
& Levert and then for a like period he engaged in the brokerage bus- 
iness. For 2, years he was chief deputy internal revenue collector and 
for 5 years was secretary and credit man for D. H. Holmes & Co. 
From 1904 to 1908, he was in a manufacturing enterprise in Mem- 
phis, Tenn., and since the latter year he has acted as public account- 
ant in addition to which lie has maintained an interest in the sugar 
business also. Since 1911, Mr. Daspit has been with 4 sugar com- 
panies ; is secretary of 2 of them and general auditor of all 4. For 
2 years, 1911 to 1913, he has been president of the Society of Louisi- 
ana public accountants and trustee and vice-president of the Amer- 
ican Association of Public Accountants. He is a member of the 
Episcopal church. In 1881, Mr. Daspit married Miss Lizzie C, 
daughter of Henry Winslow, who was formerly a Georgia planter, 
but later a merchant in New Orleans. During the Civil war Mr. 
Winslow was major on the staff of Gen. Leonidas Polk. Four chil- 
dren have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Daspit, namely : Bush, Henry, 
Walter, and Myrtle. 

Davey, John C, well known New Orleans attorney, was born at 
New Orleans, La., and is thirty-four years of age at this time (1913) ; 
son of John C. and Anna (McConnack) Davey, the birthplace of the 
father being the same as that of the son, where the father's life also 
ended at the age of 56 years in the year 1909. The paternal grand- 
father, whose name also was John C. Davey, was a native of Ireland, 
whence he came to America and located at New Orleans about the 
year 1846. He was a thorough master of the varied ramifications of 
the saddlery and harness trade and shortly after having become a 
resident of the southern metropolis engaged in the manufacture of 
that line of goods, founding a continuing business, now known as the 
John C. Davey Harness & Saddlery Co. He died in the city of New 
Orleans in 1885, at the age of 60 years. Anna (MeCormack) Davey, 
mother of the subject of this sketch, was born at New Orleans; a 
daughter of Martin MeCormack, who was a native of Ireland, though 
he lived many years at New Orleans, where his life ended in 1874. 
The present John C. Davey is the eldest of 9 children born to his par- 
ents. His childhood and youth were passed in the city of his nativ- 
ity, where he attended the public schools. Following his graduation 
from the Boys' High school the young man soon entered tlie law de- 
partment of Tulane university, and in due time graduated from that 
institution with the class of 1900. His practice as a member of the 
bar of New Orleans dates from the year succeeding his graduation, 
but in 1906 he became a member of the well-known law firm of Din- 
kelspiel, Hart & Davey, which association has continued to this time. 



BIOGRAPHICAL • 119 

Politically, Mr. Davey is affiliated with the Democratic party. Yield- 
ing to what he considered his duty as a citizen, in 1912. he became a 
candidate for the Louisiana State senate from the First Senatorial dis- 
trict, and was elected, being incumlbent of that position at this time. 
Senator Davey is a member of the Catholic church. He is also a mem- 
ber of the Louisiana Bar and American Bar associations, and the 
Chess, Checkers and Whist club of New Orleans. 

David, Francis E., of Alexandria, sheriff of Rapides parish, was 
born at Pineville, in the parish of Rapides, Sept. 11, 1874, son of 
John Edward and Marie (Poussin) David. Of French nationality, 
the David and Poussin families have been residents of Rapides 
parish since the early part of the nineteenth century. Jean David, 
the sheriff's paternal grandfather, and Frangois Poussin, his ma- 
ternal grandfather, came to Louisiana about the same time, the 
former locating for a few years in New Orleans, before settling in 
Rapides parish, and the latter emigrating directly to the town of 
Pineville, both engaging for many years in the mercantile busi- 
ness. John Edward David, whose occupation was that of planter, 
is still residing in Rapides parish. The eldest of 9 children, 7 of 
whom are living, Francis E. David was reared and educated in the 
parochial schools of the parish, and by private tutors. After 
occupying, from time to time, several clerical positions, ho was 
appointed a deputy sheriff, first under Gen. D. T. Stafford, and 
next rinder C. M. Kilpatrick, and was elected sheriff without oppo- 
sition in 1912. He is a member of the Knights of Columbus, coun- 
cil No. 1,134, and of the Woodmen of the World, Rapides camp No. 
17. A lifelong resident of Rapides, a descendant of the early set- 
tlers, and allied to the oldest and best families, a gentleman of 
courteous manners, a very able and popular public officer, Sheriff 
David is greatly esteemed and respected by the people of Rapides. 
He married in 1904, Mrs. Rose Lacaze, nee Cheney. They have 3 
children, Francis E. David, Jr., Thomas Cheney David, and John 
Edward David. 

Davis, Clifton Felix, attorney-at-law, Shreveport, La., was born 
near Brenham, Tex., Feb. 13, 1868, son of James Lewis and Sarah 
Roxana (Eppes) Davis, the former of whom was born in Virginia 
and the latter in Mississippi. The Davis family is one of the oldest 
Virginia families of English descent. James Lewis Davis, the 
father, came to Louisiana while yet quite a young man, and prior 
to the Civil war. The Eppes family is also of Virginia. Sarah 
Roxana Eppes was a daughter of John Wayles Eppes. The father 
of Clifton Felix Davis served as a surgeon in the Confederate army 
until the time of the surrender. He followed the profession of a 
practicing physician throughout life. After the war he lived a 
short time in Texas, but returned to Lake Providence, La., in 1870, 
and continued a resident of that place for many years. His death 
occurred at San Antonio, Tex., to which place he had gone a few 
years before. The son, Clifton Felix, passed his boyhood and youth 
"at the town of Lake Providence, where he attended the public 
schools. Later he took a classical course at an academy in Florida, 
and returning to Lake Providence became connected with a law 
office and began the study of law. He was admitted to the bar 



120 LOUISIANA 

at the latter place in the year 1892, and continued to reside and 
practice there until 1907, when he removed to Shreveport. In 
1900 he was appointed to fill the unexpired term of his father-in- 
law, Judge Field Farrar Montgomery, as district judge. In 1897 
Judge Davis was married to Miss Mary Walton Montgomery, a 
daughter of Judge Field Farrar Montgomery, prominent lawyer 
and jurist of north Louisiana. Three children have been born to 
their union. Judge Davis is a Master Mason, and a member of the 
Woodmen of the World. Though not at this time directly inter- 
ested in agriculture, he was for a number of years prominently 
identified with that pursuit in connection with the law, and is 
fully alive to the interests of the agricultural classes and loyal to 
them. He is a man of broad learning and liberal views, deeply 
appreciative of the obligations of the citizen in public affairs and 
at all times ready to ally himself with any really commendable 
movement looking toward the betterment of living cojiditions or 
the conservation of the people's interests. Judge Davis has come 
into prominence in Louisiana entirely through his own activities 
and few men are more highly esteemed by the people among whom 
they live and exert their talents. 

Dawkins, Bruton T., of the firm of Blackman, Overton & Daw- 
kins, attorneys-at-law, Alexandria, La., was born in Union parish. 
La., Oct. 1, 1887, son of Oliver Cromwell and Jessie T. (Thompson) 
Dawkins, the former of whom was born in the same locality as was 
the son, was a graduate of the University of Tennessee, at Knox- 
ville, and became a prominent attorney at Monroe, La. His wife 
also was a native of Union parish, and was a daughter of Dr. 
Thompson, whose wife's maiden name was Ann Bruton. The 
ancestors of the Dawkins family in Loiiisiana came to this state 
from South Carolina. Both parents of the subject of this sketch 
are living at this time. Bruton T. Dawkins is the eldest of 6 living 
children born to his parents. He graduated from the Loitisiana 
state university in 1909, with the degree of bachelor of laws. He 
had previously attended the law department of Tulane university. 
After graduating at the Louisiana state university he began the 
practice of law at Monroe, La., where he remained about 1 year. 
In Jan., 1911, he moved his law offices to Alexandria, where he has 
since practiced his profession. Mr. Dawkins is a Royal Arch 
Mason and a member of the Woodmen of the World and the Sigma 
Alpha Epsilon, and Theta Nu Epsilon fraternities. He enjoys 
large popularity, both professionally and as a citizen of Alexandria. 
In 1914 Mr. Dawkins married Miss Sarah Blackman, daughter of 
Wilbur W! and Sallie (Fisk) Blackman. 

DeBellevue, Cassius B., district attorney, 18th judicial district, 
composed of Acadia and Lafayette parishes, La. ; residence, Crow- 
ley, Acadia parish, was born at Marskville, Avoyelles parish. La., 
Sept. 10, 1877. His father, 0. B. DeBellevue, also was born at 
Marksville, Avoyelles parish, Api'il 21, 1853, and practically has 
devoted his life to newspaper work. He is now editor and owner of 
the Avoyelles Enterprise. Although a Democrat, and always active 
in upholding the principles of his party, even though this at times 
may work a hardship upon him personally, he has never been an 



BIOGRiVPHICAL 121 

officeholder, with the exception of 1 term during which he con- 
sented to serve as a justice of the peace because it appeared his 
duty under the circumstances. His wife, Angeline (Normand) De- 
Believue, mother of the subject of this sketch, is a native of Avoy- 
elles parish, La. Both parents are living at this time and going 
about their respective affairs with their accustomed zest and hearty 
goodwill to their neighbors and fellow-townspeople, among whom 
they have always enjoyed especial popularity and the highest 
esteem. The paternal grandfather, F. B. DeBellevue, was a native 
of the state of Louisiana, made his home in Avoyelles parish, in 
which locality his life ended peacefully after a career of active 
usefulness as a citizen of that region. During a number of years he 
filled the office of deputy clerk of court and served on the bench as 
parish judge. The family ancestors came from France. Cassius B. 
DeBellevue was fifth of 10 children born to his parents, these 
being, in order of their birth: Albert, now business manager of 
the Avoyelles Enterprise, his father's newspaper; Cecile and 
Blanche, twins, the latter of whom is now the wife of Charles 
Brown, of Marksville; Angelica, Cassius B., the subject of this 
sketch ; Ulyse, painter and paper hanger contractor, of Alexandria ; 
Sidney, a traveling salesman of New Iberia ; Etna, wife of Elie 
Guidroz, of Poiute Coiipee parish. La.; Leo B., a practicing attorney 
of Crowley ; and Cilton, a traveling salesman of Waco, Tex. Cas- 
sius B. DeBellevue received his earlier education at public and 
private schools in Avoyelles parish. After the completion of his 
academic education he became a traveling salesman, his territory 
lying in the Southern and middle Western states, remaining in 
this employment until the time of his marriage. Jan. 26, 1905, Mr. 
DeBellevue Avas married to Miss Belle Wilkinson, a daughter of 
H. B. Wilkinson, of Whitecastle, La. After his marriage Mr. De- 
Bellevue became identified with mercantile pursuits at the city of 
New Orleans and at Rayne, La., and while so engaged devoted his 
spare time to the study of law, making such good use of this spare 
time that on March 12, 1910, after examination before the supreme 
court of the state of Louisiana, he was licensed as a practicing 
attorney. Within a short time after having been admitted to the 
bar, he established himself in offices at Crowley, La., and there 
began the practice of his profession, at that time initiating what 
gives every promise of becoming a notable career as a Southern 
lawyer. The term "notable career as a Southern lawyer" is here 
used advisedly, and with a full appreciation of the many brilliant 
records and great names to be found among the annals of attorneys 
who have risen to positions of eminence and whom the South num- 
ber among her gifted sons. In 1912 Mr. DeBellevue became a can- 
didate for the office of district attorney, and so successful was his 
campaign that, in spite of the fact of opposition by two able attor- 
neys each seeking the office, he received almost half of the votes 
cast in the fii"st primary election, and his ultimate triumphant 
election was made so plain that the most successful of the two 
opposing candidates withdrew from the race and left Attorney 
DeBellevue to be elected without further opposition. In addition 
to his increasing popularity as a lawyer, and his jovial goodfel- 



122 LOUISIANA 

lowship among people of all classes, he is an exceptionally good 
campaigner, strong and forceful in his arguments, of splendid 
physique and commanding personality, sympathetic and highly ap- 
preciative of trusts reposed in him, cordial in his greeting, opti- 
mistic of temperament and always ready to lend a hand in aid of 
his fellow-citizen, and with all these fortunate endowments com- 
bining the student's love of his law books, it is easy to see that the 
pathway of this southern Louisiana lawyer is to lead ever upward 
to greater achievement. In his campaign for the office of district 
attorney he was opposed both by the political organization and the 
newspapers, and was comparatively new in the disti'ict. His elec- 
tion was a personal triumph in every way flattering. Three chil- 
dren have been born to Mr. and Mrs. DeBellevue, these being Mer- 
ritt. Fay, and Lyle. Mr. DeBellevue is a Roman Catholic and is a 
member of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks and of 
the Knights of Columbus, being past grand knight in the latter 
organization, of Crowley council No. 1318, and enjoying the dis- 
tinction of having been elected grand knight within less than 1 
year after having been admitted as a member. In Aug., 1913, he 
figured as one of the organizers of the Association of District At- 
torneys for Loiiisiana, and is a member of the executive board of 
that organization. In his manner of handling the prosecution of 
Dora Murff and James Duval, recently on trial for the murder of 
Delhaye, Mr. DeBellevue demonstrated marked ability as a prose- 
cutor in criminal eases, and the fact that he secured the conviction 
of both defendants seems to be generally accepted as largely due 
to his skill and ability as an attorney, and a striking proof that 
the 18th district made no mistake in the selection of its district 
attorney. This trial lasted 13 days, and afforded a remarkable dis- 
play of legal talent on both sides. Many thought the defendants 
would not be convicted. 

Denegre, Walter Denis. — Among those families of French descent 
which have settled in Louisiana and added to the lustre of the 
family name since coming here and which have been entitled to 
much credit for upright manhood in civil and political matters of 
the state, that of Denegre stands among the most prominent. John 
Denegre, a native of Montaubon, France, settled first in Santo 
Domingo, and later in Southampton county, Va., and is the first of 
the immediate family under consideration here who came to Amer- 
ica. In his adopted country he married Miss Mary Blow Cobb and 
became a member of the house of the Virginia Burgesses. His son 
was James Denis Denegre, who in 1838 left Virginia and located in 
New Orleans. Here as president of the Citizens' bank he became 
one of the best known financiers in the South. While in Paris in 
1864 the portfolio of minister of finance of Mexico was tendered to 
and declined by him under the Emperor Maximilian. His death 
occurred in Brussels, 1865. While living in New Orleans, he mar- 
ried Miss Sylvanie Blanc, daughter of Evariste Blanc, of that city 
Their son, Walter Denis Denegre, whose name is at the head of this 
sketch, was born June 17, 1858. He was educated at Jesuits' col- 
lege in New Orleans, and after 2 years at St. Johns' college, 
Fordham, New York, he entered Harvard, where he graduated in 




Col. Hugues de la Veugne 



BIOGRiVPinCAL 123 

1879. Succeeding this, he took a 2 years' course in law at Tulane 
imiversity and was admitted to the bar in 1881. He entered at once 
into the active practice of his profession, and was successively a 
member of the firms of Bayne, Denegre & Denegre ; Denegre & Den- 
egre ; Denegre, Blair & Denegre. Mr. Denegre became one of the most 
conspicuous members of the New Orleans bar and was chosen in 1881 
as a special counsel for the United States before the French and 
American claim commission. Mr. Denegre at once began to take an 
active interest in public questions, and following the footsteps of his 
family, aligned himself with the democratic party. In 1881 such 
were political conditions in this state, and such were abuses of the 
government of the city of New Orleans that it was necessary to 
devise some method of opposing the political machine in the city, 
which styled itself democratic, but in which the government was 
not I)y the consent of the governed, but by the dictation of a few 
ward "bosses, and so made possible by the false returns of their elec- 
tion commissioners. Under the plea of rejecting the negro vote, 
the machine was counting out the vote of every white man who dif- 
fered with its policy, perpetuating an organization whose chief 
object was to secure the spoils of office at the sacrifice of all honesty 
in election. "While willing to go to any extreme to prevent a return 
of the evils of reconstruction. Mr. Denegre rebelled against any 
attempt to count out the white man, and in 1884 began the assertion 
of independence as a democrat by joining a movement to rid New 
Orleans of the dictation of a machine responsible for this raisgov- 
ernment. The movement crystallized into the organization known 
as the "Independent Democi-atic Association,'' which put up a city 
ticket of its own, but endorsed the regular democratic state ticket. 
While the efforts of democrats of independence, in 1884, failed of 
election, so dishonest M'as the conduct of the election machine, so 
flagrant its falsification of the returns, that a healthier public senti- 
ment was aroused in New Orleans. This sentiment grew in force 
owing to the unsatisfactory administration of the city officers by 
those declared to be elected by this dishonest election, and in 
1888 the seed of 1884 bore fruit in the organization known as the 
"Young Men's Democratic Association," in which Mr. Denegre 
took a leading part and won a signal victory over the city ring 
and installed an administration more productive of good for the 
city and state than any in office up to that time. The emancipation 
of "the thoughtful men by the campaigns of 1884, 1888, and 1892, 
followed by tlie disgraceful administration of city affairs by the 
government imposed by the bosses, again aroused public sentiment, 
and pointed the necessity of again taking the city government^ out 
of the hands of the creatures of the ring. This was the l)irth of the 
"Citizens' League," which was dominated by democrats and whose 
active leaders were democrats. Mr. Denegre was one of these lead- 
ers. The members of the legislature who belongd to this league 
asked Mr. Denegre to become a candidate for a seat in the United 
States senate, an election to which was to take place in May, 1896 
Although having made other plans for his time, he consented to 
become a candidate. May 28, 1896, he received the 67 votes neces- 
sary for election, but the presiding officer declared that 'Slv. Denegre 



124 LOUISIANA 

had received only 66, when it was well known that Mr. Troselair 
had demanded a change of his vote prior to the votes being an- 
nounced. This change would have elected Mr. Denegre, and by this 
means he was unfairly deprived of a seat in the United States sen- 
ate. He was married in 1893 to Mrs. Bertha Armour, widow of 
William Armour, and daughter of Silas Cobb, of Chicago. Socially 
Mr. Denegre and his family have been very prominent in New 
Orleans, and in 1899 he was king of the carnival. He is a member 
of the Boston club (New Orleans), University, Racquet, Harvard, 
Brook clubs (New York), Myopia Hunt, Essex Countj^ (Massa- 
chusetts), and Metropolitan club, of Washington. He was also a 
member of the board of administrators of Tulane imiversity, and 
for some years a lieutenant-colonel in the Louisiana state national 
guard on the staff of Maj.-Gen. John Glynn, Jr. In 1889 he was 
among those who helped suppress the Mafia in New Orleans. 

de la Verg-ne, Col. Hugues Jules. — It is not often that the chron- 
icler of family history and genealogy in America is given the 
advantage of a long and carefully kept lineage coupled with per- 
sonal distinction and honorable achievement. Of all the descend 
ants from the sons of France who settled in the fair commonwealth 
of Louisiana, none can look back on an ancestry more creditable 
than that of Col. Hugues Jules de la Vergne, the well-known lawyer 
of New Orleans. The de la Vergne family is one of ancient chiv- 
alry, and their chateau is situated at St. Priestliguore, Haute 
Vienne, Limousin, France. The family arms and motto are as fol- 
lows : Arms — "D'or a la rose de gueules; surmounted bj^ a count's 
helmet and a coronet." Motto — "Honneiir et Vaillance." The first 
of this family to come to New Orleans was Count Pierre de la 
Vergne, Chevalier de St. Louis, who was born at Brive, France, a 
son of Seigneur Jean de la Vergne. In 1767 as an officer in the 
Royal IMilitary company. Count Pierre de la Vergne came to New 
Orleans, and here his death occurred in 1813. He had married 
Marie Isabel, daughter of Guillaume and Rose (du Busson) de 
Vergier. Their son was Col. Hugues de la Vergne, born 1792, died 
1843, who was major on the staff of Gen. Jackson at the battle of 
New Orleans, became secretary of state in 1820 and was colonel on 
the staff of Thomas B. Robertson, third governor of Louisiana. He 
was a prominent banker. He married Marie Adele, daughter of 
Ma.]. -Gen. Jacques Philippe de Villere, second governor of Louisi- 
ana, and by her was father of Col. Jules de la Vergne. Gov. Villere 
was born in St. James parish, April 28, 1761, his father, Joseph Roy 
Villere, having served as naval secretary in Louisiana under Loviis 
XV, and married Marguerite Louise de la Chaise, whose grandfather, 
Jacques de la Chaise, was treasurer of the Colonies during the 
French domination, and also a granddaughter of Chevalier Charles 
Frederic d'Arensbourg. A more extended notice of Gov. Villere 
and Ills administration will be found in volume II of this work. 
Col. Jules de la Vergne, born in 1818, died in 1887, was an active 
participant in the public affairs of Louisiana. He was a member of 
the lower liouse of the legislature in ]844, and of the senate in 1856. 
He served ;is an aide-de-camp on the staff' of Gov. Alexander Mouton 
and as Lieut. -Col. and aide-de-camp on the staff of Gov. Thomas 0. 




Cut., llica Es J. DE LA \'ergne 




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BIOGRAPHICAL 125 

Moore during the Confederate war. His wife was Emma Josephine, 
daughter of Judge Joaquin and Emma (Troxler) Bermudez 
^'S?l Hugues Jules de la Vergne .s the son of Col. J-l- and Emma 
ToseDhine Bermudez de la Vergne, and was born in New Oi leans, 
Ju y^ 1867 His education was acquired in t1.e schools of Ins 
na ive city and he graduated from the Jesuit college m 1885 ^ith 
Hie degree oTa B. His alma mater conferred the degrees of A. M. 
i'lSsf and Ph. B. in 1893. Having taken i^, the study of law, he 
graduated from Tulane with the degree of LL. B. in 1888. He 
bSan the practice of his profession in New Orleans where" he has 
bult UP a lucrative business with an ever widening circdeot chents. 
hJ^VS appointed major and aide-de-camp on the sta^S of Gov 
Blanehard July, 1904, and promoted Lieut.-Col., Alaich 1-, iJuo- 
T he f aiiiiy life of Col. de la Vergne is most happy. May 2 189o 
he nuirried Marie Louise, daughter of Charles Edouard and Leda 
(Hincks Schmidt, of New Orleans, the former of whom was a well- 
(HinckSj ocnmiui, u children are Marguerite, born 

known lawyer of this city, ilieir cnimieu pi,„,.i„s Edouard, 

Sept. 23, 1896; JuiUac Hugues Nov. 24, 1^97, ^hailes^aouara 
Aug 18 1904; Marie Louise Helene Leda, Aug. 7 1908, W- Priest 
UgSre Joaquin Jules K., Aug. 17 1911 ; Jaeqiies R V^illere Feb. 27 
1913 The summer home of the family is Villa de la v eigne on 
b' gue Falia, near Covington, La Hitherto the town Iious^b la 
been at 823 Esplanade avenue, but recently Col. de la Vergne lias 
nnrehased one of the finest homes in New Orleans, situated m St. 
Charies aveni'e, and here in the future their well-known hospitaliy 

^SSl^p in t^e B^i^JtiifSd and ^-^ Men.^nastic 
clubs Though not a seeker after public office he is always inter 
eSed in tlose movements that have for their object the moral uplift 
and civic welfare of the community. Being yet m the prime o 
Me much may be expected from him because his inclination lu 
high standing and his talent, all impel him to work in a practical 

^^¥c£draSif and Charles Edouaxd.-It is seldon^Mt a 
father and his sou achieve eminence m the practice ot law m tlie 
same court. The settled character of the population of New Or- 
ders contributes more toward this result than most other sections 
o'tlie UnSed States, where the tide of emigration is ever flowing 
and for this reason sons succeed fathers m eminence heie more 
often than in any other city of the nation. A conspicuous example 

ftliis was GustLus and Charles Edouard ^f^-^^^^^^^^^^^^^ 
and scholariy attorneys of the New Orieans bar^ ^^ustav^s Schnndt 
was born at Mariestad, Sweden June 16- l^i*^' ^"!^ Hs father 
Sweet Springs, Monroe county, W Va., Sept. 20 1877 "^^ tatliei 
Hans Christian Schmidt, born m the province of Scania ^v as seere 
farv of tie prefecture of Skaraborg and was afterwards .judge of 
HieVilic cour for the south of Sweden. His mother's name was 
S grfd Katharina Morck, of a family noted as owners of extens ve 

ron mines An elder brother of Gustavus Schmidt Karl Christian 
Schm Sr was the editor-in-chief of the leading law lournal ot 
Iweden fo730 years, and a distinguished member of that kingdom. 



126 LOUISIANA 

He also was private councilor to King Oscar. After receiving 
private instructions he attended the public classical school in Jon- 
koping until he reached his 16th year, when he entered the Swedish 
military na\'y, which he left at 20 years to try his fortune in 
America. In 1829 he settled in New Orleans and took up the prac- 
tice of law, in which he became one of the leaders in the Louisiana 
bar. In 1831 he married Miss Melaine Seghers, daughter of Domi- 
nique Seghers, of Briissels, a prominent lawyer. Mr. Schmidt was a 
linguist and also published many law books of great value. Charles 
Edouard Schmidt, son of Gustavus, was born in New Orleans, Feb. 
29, 1832, and died at Capon Springs, W. Va., Aug. 20, 1891. He 
was educated at Spring Hill college, Alabama, and later received a 
degree of LL. B. at the University of Louisiana in 1852. He at once 
began the study of law in the practice of which he rose rapidly and 
acquired a large and lucrative business. After a career of more 
than 30 years he died at the age of 59, full of honors and in high 
public regard as one of the most learned and profound lawyers of 
the New Orleans bar. His fidelity through a long life of profes- 
sional and social engagements and his kindly nature acquired for 
him a large circle of warm personal friends. May 10, 1869, he mar- 
ried Louise Helene Leda Hincks, daughter of the late Hon. John W. 
Hincks and Louise Helene Lambert. Mr. Schmidt left only 1 
child, a daughter, Marie Louise, born July 10, 1876, now the wife 
of Col. H. J. de la Vergne. Before the Schmidt family lived in 
Sweden, where they were for several generations, it is to be found 
in Silesia, and their coat of arms is "A shield, sable field, with a 
lion of gold holding in his front paws a sun of gold." 

Dicks, Arthur H, prominent in real estate and insurance circles 
in New Orleans, is a native of this city, born June 3, 1869. His 
parents were George W. and Josephine (Richards) Dicks, the 
former a native of Mississippi and the latter of the Danish West 
Indies. George W. Dicks was born in Natchez and educated in his 
native state. At the outbreak of the Civil war he joined Fenner's 
battery, one of the famous organizations taking part in that ever 
memorable conflict. At the close of the war he settled in New 
Orleans where he remained until his death, some years later, the 
remote cause of which was a wound received in battle. The Dicks 
are of Scotch-Irish ancestry and in Mr. Dicks' ancestry are the 
Huntingtons, who were prominent in Colonial and Revolutionary 
daj'S. Arthur H. Dicks is the elder of 2 children, the other being a 
sister, Ella, who now resides in New Orleans. Mr. Dicks began his 
business career at the age of 14 as a clerk in a commission house, 
where he remained about 7 years. He was for a considerable time 
with the firm of Sam Henderson & Co., general insurance agents, 
and filled successfully and to their satisfaction various positions 
in their office and for a time represented them in Louisiana, having 
exclusive charge of personal, accident and liability business. He 
began business for himself in 1889 as representative of the Georgia 
Life Insurance Co., of Macon, and the Maryland Casualty Co., of 
Baltimore, adding to this business some years later a real estate 
department. In this latter he has come to be one of the suc- 
cessful dealers in the city and is recognized authority on all 




GusTAVuy Schmidt 



BIOGRAPHICiVL 127 



ff «+,r Via ic 1 nipinliPT of the New Orleans Real 

£rerchtfe:Siia;foVo."c"»t^e:'.ie Stratford cl„b. and 

''BiSrs^i^^et^trtar^SnL'S:^^^ 

jJiCKSon, odiuuc , 1 ^j^ 1 Dickson, a native of New 

reSt^'N^v'?^8|\°SdK«.cnne (Klein, Bgs^^^^ 

bo n^o'Mr aM Mrs. Ctarles Dickson , Chester B "f" *f p^ug. 
9 T)13- Daniel Norman; Elvira, now Mrs. Lient. A. SleMUe rope, 
'iS'tl S Army, For,' Oglethorpe, Ga; K. Leo..; Jnamta, now 
Mrs. Lien.. Howell MaoonE.es,^t^^^^ Yis'lifeTNew"or?eans 
td'-wks^a meMbS'S'fte"B'r»k Tarpanlin Co manufacturers of 
S^^-hVStytlitTrn 'C'orirs-ndX^ 

" H Sperthr;e?r\?ol r^r'aas^^SLleh^o^a 
?tctN.\' Ste?acthJ«t«,rned.oNewOrleans^a^^^^^^^^^^^ 
business with his father and the late W^ H. D. Biook m '"« ™»" 
Tarpanlin Co. ™e <i«f ,f »»ol'w '"hT! Sk 'and Vhesrl 
?e!r eS'de^r"! a\Tats?mr o°f tSWss necessa^, so^^^^^^ 

rDXr.fdSror^pJr!!S u%t'th°'Sws"'of L^^la" X 

H=lfc.rliJkXsrta.^a?d?fTero^^^^^^^^^^^^ 
presment ana u. g Dickson the majority of his 

SrSfthe c'^^mpany pass^^ the hands of S. B. Dickson and 

No?man Dickson then became a member of the company and was 
plPoH its secretary and treasurer. When first incorporated the 
oS of the company was at the foot of Gravier street, but the 
Dock board wanted this place and gave the Tarpaulin company an , 
SSce at the loot of Iberville street. The business of the company 
L the manufacturing of tarpaulins for any purpose and m any 
sle They also manufacture a waterproofing Preparation for cot- 
fnnd„ok The company's factory is located at 429 Celeste street 
IndS St. James Teet"^ extending through from one street to the 
Xer Mr S B Dickson is a member of the Association of Com- 
merce Feb 7 1910, he married Mrs. T. F. Richardson a widow, 
whose mafden name 'was Corinne Toledano, daughter of Edgar J. 

^torn.";rnitu^tdean of the College of A^cuU^^^^ .id 

Talffornia in 1849 in search of gold. Returning m 1852 he^set- 
St "whrh'e^SalJeri?; ryr.Mren"rm?virt? Carroll 



128 LOUISIANA 

county, Ark., in which locality he remained resident until the 
time of his death. In Carroll county, Ark., and Barry county, Mo., 
William Rufus Dodson, the son, passed the days of his youth in 
the activities of farm life. His early education was obtained at the 
country schools of these localities. Later he attended Clark's acad- 
emy, at Bcrryville, Ark., and still later the high school at Columbia, 
Mo. In 1890 he received his degree of Bachelor of Science from the 
University of Missouri. During his senior year at the university 
he was employed as an assistant teacher, and for 3 years follow- 
ing his graduation he continued as an instructor in the University 
of Missouri. Following this, on leave of absence, he went to Har- 
vard University, where he specialized in botany, and in 1894 ob- 
tained the degree of bachelor of arts. He then came to Louisiana 
state university as professor of Botany and botanist of the experi- 
ment stations. In 1902 he was made assistant director of experi- 
ment stations, at which time he gave up the teaching of botany. 
In 1905 he was made director of experiment stations, and in 1910 
became dean of the College of Agriculture and director of experi- 
ment stations, Louisiana state university. Prof. Dodson is a mem- 
ber of the Knights of Pythias and of the Benevolent and Protective 
Order of Elks. He affiliates with the Christian church. In 1896 
Prof. Dodson was married to Miss Minnie Pettengill, of Centralia, 
Mo. Prof, and Mrs. Dodson have 4 living children, namely, Rogers, 
Joe, Alma, and William Rufus; Jr. The family resides at Baton 
Rouge, La. 

Dowden, Stephen Grant, assessor for the parish of Natchitoches, 
was born in that parish, Feb. 6, 1846 ; the son of Hugh Dowden, 
a native of Mississippi, who came to Louisiana at the age 
of 9, settled in Natchitoches parish, where he resided many years. 
He was engaged in stock-raising and farming and less than 6 
months before his death removed to Red River county, Texas, 
where he died. His father, James Dowden, was a native of Penn- 
sylvania, and came from Mississippi to Louisiana in 1818. The 
family of James Dowden was reared in the parish of Natchitoches ; 
both he and his wife, whose maiden name was Patsey Nash, were 
biiried in the old Natchitoches cemetery, now the site of Mink 
Postoffice. Sarah Jane (Berges) Dowden, mother of Stephen 
Grant Dowden, was the daughter of Andrew Bei'ges of Pennsyl- 
vania, of English parentage. The subject of this sketch is the 
seventh child in a family of 10 sons and 2 daughters, all but 3 
growing to maturity. Reared and educated in liis native parish, he 
led an uneventful life until his enlistment, during the Civil war, in 
the 11th Louisiana regiment of infantry, which eventually was 
consolidated with the Crescent regiment of New Orleans. At the 
battle of Mansfield he was wounded and sent to a military hospital 
and then removed to a private residence, where he completed his 
convalescence, and was able to go back to his regiment. To the 
last day of the war the gallant soldier was in the field, and when 
honoral)ly discharged, after the sui'render of Gen. Lee at Appo- 
matox, he had been promoted to sergeant. Returning to Natchito- 
ches, Mr. Dowden engaged in farming until 1892, when he removed 
from the farm to Natchitoches, where he became deputy sheriff. 



BIOGRAPHICAL 129 

In 1882 he was eleetod a member of the police jury and served 
as such from the eighth ward until he became deputy sheriff, serv- 
in-" in the latter office until elected to his present position m lauo. 
Mr Dowden is very influential in the politics of the parish and 
eniovs great popularitv. He is a member of the Masonic fraternity, 
council and Roval Arch, and is a Baptist in religion. In August, 
1865 occurred the marriage of Mr. Dowden and Miss Rosana L. 
Adlc who bore him 11 children, 6 of whom are living: Nancy Vic- 
toria' wife of B. E. Taylor; Sarah Jane, wife of Rufus Sanders; 
Melissa, wife of Allen Nash; Willis S., David P. and Julia, wife 
of Robert Alexander. From a second marriage with Miss Eliza 
J Rhodes, there were born 7 children— Edward G and Ediia M 
Dowden, twins; James A., Lees M., Bessie V., Maud K. and Hugh 

H. Dowden. • ,• .u • 4.1, 

Dyer, Isadore, M. D., of New Orleans, eminent specialist in the 
treatment of skin diseases, was born in Galveston, Tex., Nov. 2, 
1865 His parents were Isadore Dyer, native of Germany (Uct o, 
1814), and Amelia Ann (Lewis) Dyer, born at Harper s Ferry, Va 
Mav 6 1826 Dr. Over's father was a soldier in the war with 
Mekico' in 1836 and 1848, and an uncle, Col. Leon Dyer was iden- 
tified with the Baltimore riots. The subject of this sketch was edu- 
cated in the high schools of Galveston and of Virginia; entered 
Sheffield Scientific school, Yale university, in 1884 and graduated 
bachelor of philosophy in 1887 ; studied medicine at the University 
of Virginia and next matriculated in the medical department ot 
Tulane universitv, New Orleans, graduating in 1889. Was interne 
of the New York Skin and Cancer hospital 1890-92, and lecturer m 
the New York post-graduate medical school 1891-92; studied m 
Europe in the summer and fall of 1893 ; lecturer on skin diseases, 
Tulane universitv, 1892; professor of skin diseases, New Orleans 
polyclinic, 1893 ; delegate to international leprosy congress at Ber- 
lin" 1897- delegate to international congress on moral prophylaxis 
at Brussels, 1899 ; president of the board of control. Leper Home 
of Louisiana, 1894; editor New Orleans Medical and Surgical Jour- 
nal from 1896; collaborating editor of "Lepra" from 189/ ; pres- 
ident Orleans Parish Medical society, 1899; president Louisiana 
State Medical society, 1902; vice-president and chairman ot ar- 
rangements committee American Medical association, 1J(M ; re- 
signed as secretarv of the New Orleans polyclinic, 1905, after having 
served 10 years;' professor of diseases of the skm and associate 
dean medical department of Tulane university, 1907; dean ot the 
medical department, Tulane university, 1908; president Southern 
Medical association, 1911; president Americal Dermatolog cal asso- 
elation, 1912; president of New Orleans Academy ot Sciences, IJLi: 
president Association of American Medical colleges, 1914 In addi- 
tion to the associations just named, Dr. Dyer is a member ot the 
following : Berzelius society, Yale ; Sigma Nu fraternity, of which 
he was regent, 1904-1906; Yale club. New York; Arnij- and Navy 
club Washington city; Boston, Country, Louisiana, Round Table 
and French Opera clubs, New Orleans ; American Association tor 
the Advancement of Science; American Society of Tropical iMedi- 
cine; New York Medico-Legal society. Dr. Dyer is the author ot 

III— 9 



130 LOUISIANA 

many valuable publications on medical subjects, and is contributor 
to: '"'Wood's Reference Hand-book of Medical Sciences"; "Osier's 
Modern Medicine"; "Loomis' Encyclopedia of Modern Medicine"; 
"Morrow's System"; "Hardaway and Bangs' System." He is a 
Democrat in politics, has never sought any office and is affiliated 
with no religious body. July 31, 1905, he married Miss Mercedes 
Percival, daughter of Alfred and Rosalie (Schneidan) Percival of 
England. Their family consists of 6 children, named: Amelia, 
Mercedes, Isadore, Jr., Alfred, Donal and John Lewis. Dr. Dyer 
holds the rank of lieutenant in the medical reserve corps of the 
United States army, inactive list. 

Duchein, Charles F., M. D., of Baton Rouge, a prominent physi- 
cian and surgeon, was born in that city March 12, 1875; son of 
John B. and Dena (Brunot) Duchein. Dr. Duchein 's father was 
a native of France ; graduated in medicine and came to Louisiana 
and practiced his profession in Baton Rouge, where he died in 
1903, aged 73 years. Mrs. Duchein passed away in the same year, 
at the age of 69, and there were only 24 hours difference between 
her death and that of her husband. Their family consisted of 6 
children ; 2 died in infancy, and 4, of whom Dr. Charles F. Duchein 
is the youngest, grew to maturity. After receiving a primary and 
grammar education in the private schools of Baton Rouge, the sub- 
ject of this biography began higher studies iii the Louisiana State 
university and next entered the University of Nashville, Tenn., 
from which he graduated with the degree of M. D. in 1899. He 
practiced medicine in Le Compte, La., until his father's death, in 
1903, when he returned to Baton Rouge, where he has since resided. 
The doctor is a member of parish, state and American medical 
societies ; is assistant surgeon of the Louisiana Railway and Navi- 
gation company ; member of the Kappa Alpha fraternity ; affiliated 
with the Knights of Columbus, the Woodmen of the World, Baton 
Rouge lodge. No. 490; Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, 
and is physician for the Knights of Columbus. In politics he is a 
Democrat and is actively interested in public affairs. Dr. Duchein 
married Nov. 8, 1906, Miss Louisa Gordon Ogden, daughter of the 
late Hon. Harry Ogden, ex-speaker of the Louisiana House of Rep- 
resentatives and ex-member of Congress from the state. Two chil- 
dren, Mary Scott and Annette, were born to Doctor and Mrs. 
Duchein. 

Dunn,. J. Fred, M. D., New Orleans, was born in New Orleans, La., 
Nov. 25, 1882; son of James D. N. Dunn, Sr., and Elizabeth (Becker) 
Dunn, the former of whom Avas born in New Orleans in 1858 and 
still resides in the city of his nativity. The mother was also born 
in New Orleans, in 1862, and is now living. The paternal grand- 
father, James Dunn, was a native of England. He came to Amer- 
ica when about 21 years old, made his home in New York city 
and was later married there. Just prior to the Civil war he moved 
with his family to New Orleans, and some time later was drowned, 
6 days before the birth of his son, James D. N. He was a seaman 
and at the time of his death was captain of a sailing vessel. The 
maternal grandfather, Valentine Becker, was born in Germany, 
and came from Europe directly to New Orleans, where he 



BIOGRAPHICAL 131 

afterward maiTied, and for some time conducted a cooperage busi- 
ness, and died in New Orleans. James D. N. Dunn has lived in 
New Orleans from the time of his birth, and for 20 years past has 
been a contracting stevedore. J. Fred Dunn was educated in the 
public schools of New Orleans. After finishing at the boys' high 
school he was for 4 years employed as collector for the wholesale 
grocery firm of E. Feibleman & Son. In 1902 he matriculated in 
the medical department of Tulane university under the preceptor- 
ship of Dr. J. T. Scott. In 1904 he served as externe at the New 
Orleans Charitv hospital, and in 1906 as interne at the same insti- 
tution, graduating with the degree of M. D. in 1908, following 
which he entered upon general practice in the city, and has so 
continued to this time. During the years 1909-10-11 he was visit- 
ing physician to the Charity hospital, and during 1911-12 was 
visiting physician to the tubercular clinic, also local surgeon Illi- 
nois Central hospital department. Dr. Dunn is a member of the 
Orleans Parish and Louisiana State Medical associations, the Ma- 
sonic fraternity, Knights of Pythias, Woodmen of the World, Wood- 
men's Circle and Delta Omicron Alpha. He is a Democrat and a 
member of St. George Episcopal church. October 12, 1910, at 
Newcomb chapel, New Orleans, Dr. Dunn was married to Miss 
Grace Blethen of California. They have 2 children, viz. : J. Fred, 
Jr., and Henry Blethen. 

Duson, Hon. C. C, famous criminal-hunting peace officer of 
Southwest Louisiana, later state senator. United States marshal and 
large industrial promoter, was born in St. Landry (now Acadia) 
parish, La., August 31, 1846, and died at Crowley, Acadia parish, 
La., Oct. 20, 1910. His father, Cornelius C. Duson, was born at 
Point Levis, opposite Quebec, Canada, on the St. Lawrence river, 
June 8, 1819, and was the youngest of 6 sons. At the time of the 
outbreak of the French, in 1837, he was the only member of his 
family to join the French revolutionists, and he did so under 
the protests of the family. His brother, John, had been appointed 
to watch for all persons suspected of treasonable' designs and 
to report all such to the higher officials. In the face of this oppo- 
sition, however, he joined S. Lambert and 8 others and started 
on an expedition up the Ottawa river for the purpose of rais- 
ing forces among the woodsmen and trappers. Eight of this party 
were subsequently captured and confined in prison at Ottawa. 
Duson escaped capture and as soon as was possible made his way 
to the jail wherein his companions had been temporarily confined, 
with the object of attempting their release. He succeeded in get- 
ting into conversation with the jailer and tried to engage him in a 
drinking "bout," hoping to get the jailer intoxicated and then 
effect the release of the prisoners, but the jailer became suspicious 
and this plan failed, the jailer ordering him away. Previously 
Duson had thrown his hunter's cap upon a pile of wood near by, 
and when ordered to leave reached ostensibly for his cap, picked up 
a stick of wood and knocked the jailer down, secured the keys and 
released his comrades. The party immediately decided upon at- 
tempting to make their escape to the United States, and making 
their way to the river they cut loose a ferry boat and succeeded 



132 LOUISIANA 

in crossing the river to the United States, although they were 
hotly pursued by British soldiers and were repeatedly fired upon 
while on the river, several members of the little party being killed 
and others wounded, Duson, among the latter, receiving a musket 
ball shot through his thigh. He secreted himself in the hut of a 
woodsman until he had recovered from the effects of his wound 
sufficiently to travel, and then made his way to the City of Boston, 
Mass., where he found that the British government had offered 
a reward for his capture. Upon making this discover.y he deter- 
mined to travel south, and pursuant to this idea, ultimately landed 
on the banks of the Mermentau river in St. Landry parish. La., 
near Lake Arthur. Here he formed the acquaintance of a sea 
captain, John Webb, a native of Essex, England, and a pioneer 
in Southwest Louisiana. Remaining in this localitj', some time 
afterward Cornelius Duson was married to Sarah Ann Webb, the 
sea captain's daughter, when she was only 15 years old. Five 
children, of whom C. C. Duson was eldest, were born to this mar- 
riage. After his marriage Cornelius Duson settled down in the 
locality and devoted his energies to the occupation of a tanner 
and saddler. In later years he removed to St. Martin parish and 
there continued his trade. In 1884 C. C. Duson, with his brother, 
W. W. Duson, elsewhere referred to in this work, visited their 
father's old home in Canada, and were much surprised by the 
difficulty they experienced in finding anyone who had ever known 
or heard of their father, Cornelius Duson, but after extended and 
diligent inquiry finally located S. Lambert, with whom the father 
had been associated during the revolution, and through Lambert 
learned that their father's real name was Cornelius Duson Mc- 
Naughton, and that instead of being of French descent he was pure 
Scotch, his father, William McNaughton, having been a native 
of Scotland who settled in Canada. Cornelius Duson had dropped 
the use of his last name because of the reward offered for his 
capture, although, unknown to him, this had long been unneces- 
sary. C. C. Duson was reared on a farm, and received a common 
school education. At the beginning of the Civil war he enlisted in 
support of the cause of the Southern states under Capt. James 
G. Hayes, as a member of a body of home guards whose duties 
were confined to Southwest Louisiana. This company, together 
with Capt. Hayes, was ultimately captured and held at New 
Orleans until the close of the war, when they were released by 
order of Gen. N. P. Banks. Shortly afterward, in 1866, C. C. 
Duson began his remarkable career as a deputy sheriff of St. 
Landry i^aj'ish, under Sheriff Hayes, who had l)een captain of 
the company in which Duson served during the Civil war. He 
served as a deputy sheriff until 1873, when he was elected sheriff 
of St. Landry parish, and in the latter capacity served during 14 
consecutive years, when he resigned to accept the office of state 
senator, to which he had been elected. The men of his parish 
showed their appreciation of his valuable services in his last elec- 
tion to office, when he was ojjposed l)y a strong and popuhir can- 
' didate for the same office. In this election he received a majority 
of 1,843 votes out of a total of 6,209. It seems highly probable 



BIOGRAPHICAL 133 

that 110 other man ever gained the reputation as a sheriff, in Louis- 
iana or elsewhere, that was established by C. C. Duson during his 
nearly 20 years of service as a deputy, and later during 14 years as 
sheriff. His record shows conclusively that he was entirely fear- 
less, relentless and untiring in pursuit of criminal characters. One 
of his early accomplishments as a deputy sheriff was the break- 
ing up of organized bands of outlaws who had for years scourged 
the state and section in which his activities fell, baffling all at- 
tempts to execute the law and defying its representatives. He 
pursued criminals to the borders of Mexico, into the mountains 
of the Indian territory and north to Illinois. He engaged in des- 
perate fights ill his efforts to capture these outlaws, and was many 
times a target for the bullets of those whose only chance of escape 
lay in his removal from their path. While serving as a deputy 
under Sheriff Hayes in 1872 he, with two other deputies, tracked 
the Guilroy brothers, noted criminals who had long defied the 
law, to Catahoula parish, where a desperate fight of short dura- 
tion ensued. Three shots were fired by the Guilroys and five by 
the deputies, and the encounter terminated in the death of both 
the Guilroy brothers. August 3, 1875, Sheriff Duson captured 
Louis Rousseau, guilty of murder, in the Creek Nation. In the 
same year, after pursuing John Slade, wanted for a heinous crime, 
for 21 days, he was caught in Western Texas, near San Saba. In 
1879 he pursued 2 horse thieves 15 days and captured them at 
Bonham, Tex. One of these men was wanted for murder in 
Texas, and was under indictment in Arkansas for mail robbery. 
The other had just been tried in Rapides parish for the murder 
of a negro. IMany fniitless efforts at the capture of John Sonnier 
had been made by other officers. He was under indictment for 
murder in both St. Landry and Calcasieu parishes, and had long 
been a fugitive from justice, since July, 1871, in fact. In March, 
1880, a requisition was issued for his arrest. He was regarded as 
one of the most wily and dangerous criminals who had ever oper- 
ated in Southwest Louisiana. Sheriff Duson finally learned that 
John Sonnier was in Brazoria county, Tex., and at once started 
to capture him, dead or alive. In company with Sheriff Noble 
and Deputy Faunt of Harris county, Texas, he traced Sonnier to a 
convict camp, where he was guarding prisoners under the name 
of Miller. He was captured by being grappled before he could 
use his arms and afterward served a life sentence in the peni- 
tentiary at Baton Rouge. In March, 1881, a requisition was issued 
by Governor McEnery for the arrest of John Fahey, who had mur- 
dered and robbed a fellow workman on the Payne plantation. 
Sheriff Duson located Fahey in Illinois, went there and captured 
the man and returned him to Louisiana, where he was given a 
life sentence. In April, 1881, Governor McEnery issued a requisi- 
tion for the arrest of Rhett Clark, charged with murder, and within 
15 days Duson had Clark a prisoner at Fort Graham, Northwest 
Texas. The last important arrest made bj' Sheriff Duson was that 
of Lane and Brown, wanted for the murder of a man by the name 
of Nuby, on the Payne iilantation. This arrest involved a desper- 
ate fight, in which 32 shots were exchanged. Sheriff Duson re- 



134 LOUISIANA 

ceived 2 bullets from Lane's pistol and killed Lane in a hand-to- 
hand contest. Brown was captured and sentenced to life impris- 
onment. As previously stated, the famous sheriff resigned from 
that office, after having served about 5 years as a deputy, followed 
by 14 years as sheriff, to enter upon his duties as a member of 
the Louisiana state senate. He served in the senate with conspic- 
uous ability and when his term in that office had expired he volun- 
tarily retired from the field of politics and thereafter, in associa- 
tion with his brother, W. W. Duson, devoted his means and unusual 
abilities to the industrial development of Southwest Louisiana. 
One of his first large enterprises was the surveying of a railroad 
route from a point on the Southern Pacific main line at what is 
now Midland Junction, Acadia parish, passing through what are 
now the towns of Morse, Gueydan, Kaplin, Abbeville and New 
Iberia, and from Midland Junction north through what are now 
the towns of Egan, Iota, Frey, in Acadia parish; Eunice, in St. 
Landry parish, and Mammon, in Evangeline parish. He perse- 
vered in this great undertaking until it had been carried to suc- 
cessful fruition — the railroad built and operated, and all the towns 
mentioned, from Gueydan to Mammon, inclusive, made thriving 
and prosperous communities, and the development of a vast and 
rich section of country made possible and initiated. Senator Du- 
son was born 12 miles from the town of Crowley, and resided there 
until the time of his enlistment in the Confederate service. After 
his parole he took up residence in Opelousas, the parish seat of 
St. Landry, and remained resident there throughout his incum- 
bency as deputy sheriff, sheriff and senator. Following his retire- 
ment from the latter office he removed to Crowley and resided 
there during the earlier part of his railroad and town development 
activities. In 1894 he took up residence at Eunice, continuing 
there about 3 years pending the completion of his plans for the 
further extension of railroad lines. In 1897 he returned to Crow- 
ley, which was thereafter his home. Senator Duson was in all 
respects fully entitled to regard as one of the foremost and most 
valuable men who have ever lived within the bounds of the State 
of Louisiana. Among his many, varied, important and valuable 
activities, he was a prime mover in the organization of Acadia 
parish, and was one of the largest land owners and rice growers 
in Southwest Louisiana. In 1906 Senator Duson was appointed 
United States marshal by Pres. Theodore Roosevelt, and was in- 
cumbent of that office at the time of his death. In 1867 C. C. Duson 
was married to Miss Isora A. Andrus, who was born in what is 
now Acadia parish. La., and 8 children, as follows, were born to 
their union: Morton E. (deceased), "Walter W., Eodney R. (de- 
ceased), Clayton C. (deceased), Jesse (deceased), Meta, Lola (de- 
ceased) and George. His first wife died July 17, 1892. Some time 
after the death of his first wife Mr. Duson was married to Miss 
Eunice Pharr of Iberia parish, and 2 children were born to this 
union, these being Cornelius P. and Herbert W. The second Mrs. 
Duson died Sept. 2, 1907. 

Duson, W. W., referred to as "the man who made Crowley and 
Southwest Louisiana," was born at Beaux Bridge, St. Martin 



BIOGRAPHICAL 135 

parish, La., Oct. 5, 1853 ; son of Cornelius C. and Sarah Ann 
(Webb) Duson. The father was born at Point Levis, opposite Que- 
bec, Canada, on the St. Lawrence river, June 8, 1819, and was 
youngest of 6 sons born to liis parents. At the time of the out- 
break of the French in that region (1837) he, through sympathy, 
joined forces with the revolutionists, against the wishes of his 
family. Subsequently a small party with which he was oper- 
ating was captured and imprisoned, he escaping. After much diffi- 
culty he succeeded in effecting the release of his comrades, and, 
under the fire of British soldiers, they made their way across the 
river to United States territory, several members of the party being 
killed and others wounded in the effort to escape their pursuers. 
Duson received a severe wound in the thigh from a musket ball 
and was unable to travel further. However, he successfully se- 
creted himself in the hut of a woodsman until his wound had healed 
sufficiently to admit of travel, and then, making his way to Boston, 
there learned that the British government was offering a reward 
for his capture. He determined to get entirely out of that region 
and accordingly made his way south as rapidly as possible, ulti- 
mately reaching St. Landry parish. La., near Lake Arthur, on the 
Mermenton river, where he formed acquaintance with John Webb, 
a former sea captain, native of Essex, England, and a pioneer in 
Southwest Louisiana. Here the fugitive from the Canadian offi- 
cials located, and in time married Sarah Ami Webb, the sea cap- 
tain's daughter, when the latter was only 15 years old. Mr. 
Duson followed the trade of a tanner and saddler, and in the 
course of time 5 children were born to his union with Sarah Ann 
Webb, these children being, in order of their birth: Cornelius C, 
now deceased, elsewhere referred to in this work ; Mary A., de- 
ceased; Ellen N., now Mrs. C. W. Foreman: W. W. Duson, the 
subject of this sketch, and Laura, wife of R. T. Clark. The father 
died in April, 1856, and the mother Dec. 4, 1901. For other details 
as to parents and ancestry see sketch of Hon. C. C. Duson, else- 
where in this work. After the death of the father of the children 
above named, the mother was later married to William W. Bur- 
ton, formerly of Berry Lancashire, England, and 2 daughters were 
born to her second marriage, these being Rosa A., wife of Gus- 
tavus F. Fontenot, clerk of court, Acadia parish, and Olive V., 
wife of Thomas J. Toler. When the father died he left his family 
in destitute circumstances. During the first 10 years of his life 
W. W. Duson attended school only 6 months. After her husband's 
death the mother returned to St. Landry (now Acadia) parish, 
which was her birthplace, and there persevered in the struggle to 
provide for her children. From his earliest recollection the sub- 
ject of this sketch was obliged to work at any employment to be 
found in the vicinity of his home to contribute his mite toward 
the support of the family. During the war the family found it 
hard to get a living, and the sou recalls selling coffee, rice and 
other edibles, which his mother had prepared, among the soldiers. 
Later he was engaged as a driver, hauling contraband material 
from the Teche country to Texas. At 12 years of age he found 
employment at herding cattle in Southwest Louisiana, and con- 



136 LOUISIANA 

tinued in this work 2 years, receiving $7.50 per month as salary, 
and providing his own horse, saddle and boarding himself. Dur- 
ing 1868-69 he worked in saw mills and lumber camps and man- 
aged to attend a country school about 6 months. In 1870-71 he 
carried the United States mail from Opelousas to Branch and St. 
Martinville, a distance of 50 miles, making the trip 3 times each 
week, and during such spare time as could be found attending 
school. In 1871 he returned home, that he might better look after 
his mother and sisters, and was successively employed at herding 
wild stock, working in local sawmills and trading — anything to 
make an honest living. In 1874 he took a contract and subse- 
quently spent 8 months in camp, transporting logs by water and 
wagon to sawmills. In 1875 he was employed as clerk in the 
general store of Foreman & Webb, at Branch, La. By the end 
of the year 1875 he had saved $700, and leaving $300 for the care 
of his mother, he went to New Orleans and entered Blackman's 
school, corner Lafayette and Carondelet streets, where he remained 
7 months. During this time he progressed so rapidly with his 
studies that he was offered a position paying $125 per month, and 
had practically accepted this place when unforeseen circumstances 
compelled him to return home to care for his mother and sisters, 
and he again became a clerk in the same store as formerly, at 
Branch, receiving a salary of .$20 per month. In June, 1876, an 
opportunity was presented to buy a half interest in a general 
store at Plaquemine Bi'ule, La., and borrowing $1,250 from his 
brother, C. C. Duson, he purchased a half interest in the business 
of C. W. Foreman. During the succeeding 2 years the business 
prospered and he made money. The credit system of the time 
was carried on, and in the following 2 years equinoctial storms 
destroyed all crops, and with assets of more than $15,000 and lia- 
bilities of $6,000, the business was discontinued, and W. W. Duson 
gave his personal note, due 1, 2 and 3 years, to the firms to whom 
the business was indebted, these firms being in the city of New 
Orleans, and within 2 years paid every ^debt, with interest, in 
full. As soon as he gave up the store he embarked in the real 
estate business, for which, he says, nature intended him. At this 
time all of Southwest Louisiana was a wild, open stock range, and 
the only business to be had in this line was locating settlers on 
state or government homesteads. This task was a hard one, as 
the natives already resided on the lands, and these had to be con- 
vinced that the state or Federal government would some day 
claim the land. His remuneration was small, but constant and 
faithful work resulted in his being able to care for his mothei", 
sisters and self and pay off his indebtedness. About this time the 
Southern Pacific company was endeavoring to get right-of-way 
through this section for its railroad, and W. W. Duson, his brother, 
C. C, and Judge J. G. Parkerson of Lafayette were employed to 
secure right-of-way for the construction of the connecting link to 
complete the Sunset Route from New Oileans to California. In 1884 
W. W. Duson removed to Rayne, La., there continuing the real 
estate business. Appreciating the advantages and possibilities of 
this section of Louisiana, which was then entirely undeveloped, he 



BIOGRAPHICAL ^^'^ 

began advertising locally, and by the '^f "f «* lff„.onfin New 
creased the business that he was enabled to keep an agent in iNew 
oSns working- in connection with the cotton exposition of tbat 
Ui leans w 01 Kii^ ^^^^ j^ impossible to get any 

Tew pa? rt ShwS Louisiana to do justice to the possibilities 
ofthe com trv, he started what is now the Crowley Sig^^^l'.^ J 
fJll the succeeding 20 years conducted this paper as a daily 
duimg 7<^;^^ucceeain, broadcast throughout the United 

Itatel I f the 1. K pa t of 1885 he began advertising at a dis- 

Sr When once he succeeded in getting "^f lli^fnt tarmers to ook 
. ti!o nniintrv their own iudsinent made sales easy, the gieat- 

ut off f'm'st. Landry parish, and later the parish sea was located 
,«,v,orP the eitv of Crowlev now stands. At that time xneie wt^ii. 
not more than a ha ?-dozen houses in all of the western portion 
nf A^.^1^^ mHsl In the autumn of 1886 the town of Crowley was 

sSl^i hf M^s^s i^ J^s,;^;;;^^^- ?^iS 

S ^ a d ithe': ,,pen«es cmmected with maintenance _o± the depo 
foi a period of 6 months, even to the extent of paying $100 for 
em^o^ary installation of Western ^-"-telegn-aph servicj^^ A^^^^^^ 
overcoming all these difficulties, on Feb. 12, 1887 at the tiist auc 
?ion sa e of citv lots, with a barren, waste country sti-etchng m 
lU directions i^ound about, and local prejudice against improve- 
ments or as it was termed, the encroachments of strangers, the 
Ses ^mmin^ed to more than $30,000. At this time the town con- 
sLted of 2 iincompleted buildings, and within a radius of 5 miles 
'here were 8 or 10 families, none of whom had done anything to- 
ward the development of the country. Every dollar realized, above 
S cost of sale^was used in building roads, bridges, advertising 
Ind other m<>an; directed toward the development of the mimedi- 
Ste sectimi By 1890 the railroad's books showed that Crowley 
was the second Lrgest shipping point between Lafayette and Hous- 
on Tex From the date o'f the first sale Mr. Duson concentra ed 
h°s efforts upon the development of this immediate section, mak- 
h g rice the principal product. He bought the firs binders and 
tSeshino ma?hinerv, built the first irrigating canals assisted m 
SS&tie first ri^e mills, and along -i^hthe^ budding o im- 
mense canals developed the road system. So fast weie tne im 
pi-ovement and rapid the agricultural development that, regard- 
fess of the efforts of the Southern Pacific R. R., it becanie impos- 
sible to get outgoing and incoming transportation sufficient for 



138 LOUISIANA 

the section's immediate needs. The Opelousas, Gulf & Northeast- 
ern R. R. was induced to build a line to Crowley, which was shortly 
followed by the Frisco system. While Mr. Duson's principal ef- 
forts were directed toward building up Crowley, every possible aid 
and assistance was given his brother, C. C. Duson, in promoting 
and having built the New Iberia, Gueydan & Eunice branch of 
the Southern Pacific R. R., and the laying out and building of the 
towns of Gueydan, Morse, Midland, Egan, Iota, Eunice and Mam- 
mon. Early in 1887 there was not a school in the vicinity of Crow- 
ley, but in that year the first school was built — donated, furnished 
and teachers' salaries paid, by Mr. Duson. In 1889 he owned what 
is now the Crowley house, and occupied it as a residence. A high 
class of educators agreed to go to Crowley if they were furnished 
proper facilities for teaching, and upon receiving this proposition 
Mr. Duson moved out of his residence and donated its use for school 
purposes, himself maintaining the school for 3 years, at a 
cost of $15,000. This effort eventually resulted in the building of 
Acadia college at Crowley, which was later destroyed by fire and 
replaced by the present up-to-date and modern high school build- 
ing. Until 1906 Mr. Duson was actively engaged in the develop- 
ment of Crowley, Acadia parish and Southwest Louisiana, but 
since 1906 he has conducted a local real estate business and de- 
voted his time to the development of oil interests. In July, 1901, 
Mr. Duson was one of the organizers of the Crowley Oil & Min- 
eral Co. of Crowley, La., and was elected president and business 
manager of the company, of which position he has remained incum- 
bent to the present. The capital stock of this corporation, amount- 
ing to $200,000, was entirely consumed in prospecting before oil was 
found in Acadia parish, and when oil was found in paying quantities, 
in July, 1902, the comi^any had assiimed an additional debt of $25,- 
000. By July 1, 1904, the company had made its capital stock good 
and had paid its first 10 per cent, dividend. Since then the company 
has paid $1,100,000, or about 60 per cent, per year. No man in 
Louisiana has done more toward the development of the natural 
resources of the state than has W. W. Duson, and too much credit 
cannot be accorded him for the large part he has taken in the in- 
dustrial awakening and advancement of the South. Among cap- 
tains of industry ;Mr. Duson is entitled to consideration and rank 
as a general, and that of the Napoleonic type. He has achieved pro- 
nounced and eminent success where all of 999 men in 1,000 would 
certainly have failed, wresting glorious and glittering \'ictory 
from the very teeth of ignominious defeat, and this alone and un- 
aided or encouraged by anyone, guided solely by his own unerring 
judgment and confidence in himself, and upheld and impelled on- 
ward by his own indomitable will and determination. Such char- 
acters are the builders of empires. Jan. 2, 1879, \V. W. Duson was 
married to Miss Anna F. McClelland, who died Sept. 7, 1881, leav- 
ing 1 daughter, Mamie, now Mrs. P. L. Lawrence, of Crowley. April 
27, 1882, Mr. Duson was married to Miss Julia I. Clark, who died 
Jan. 20, 1892. Feb. 11, 1893, Mr. Duson was married to Miss Clara 
Thayer, and 4 children have been born to them, these being William 
W., Jr., Henry T., Maxwell M. and Mildred. Politically, Mr. Duson 



BIOGRiVPHICAL ^^^ 



CSS.- K=:-.B;':fs.-;;,;-.i.-.s-iS s 

wall. His father, Kichara fjym"j|'- ' no..nwall His mother was 

ing mill on Lord f ^-^^^^^^^f,*? fdreri of the Hawkens family, a 
Ann Hawkens, one of several ^h wren ^^ ^^^^^ 

sister having preceded her to ^^^^JJ^^^^ children, was reared 
to Ohio. John Dymond, one of 3 «^uvmn cti , ^^.^^ ^.^^ 

in ZanesviUe, 0., having been brought thex^^^^ ^^^^^. ,^^.^^^^^^ 

his 2 brothers, one o^^*^'' /^f^ ° Jf.X^t-chant in Cincinnati, and 
Richard Dymond, became a P™^"^'J^* °V^oJ,^^„er brother, William 
died in 1911 in his 80th year, ^he yo^"^ger ,^^^ g^^_ 

s '^^rc^sz's^^^^ ^Se^viL^^rs: 

preacher and was for .>--«,g^g/-f j^^^i.f ..far a^^^^^^^^^^ buried 
died in Cincinnati April 8, 1888 in^^^^ J^^.^ ^^^^^^^^^ ^^^ ^^^. 

in ZanesviUe. John Dymond lllpLille completing his course m 
cated in the public schools of ZanesviUe compiet g .^^ 

1854, at the ZanesviUe academy, which was a not^^^^^ _^^ 

those days. Later he g^'^'!^''^*^^^ J^°'^^^^\ fnd ^tSod high in all 
nati. As a boy he was an ^^T^n Ws father's Tercai^^^^ busi- 
his classes. He served ^«/\«\^^l^. ^^^^ J,.^ irco^^ manufactur- 
ness for several years, and m 1858 engaedm cor ^^ 

&Tf wet%?SewToi5 Se?w'ithS?ent\etters Sf intro 

^^^i;^^rmTri?rSS^^^^ 

- -V? C^H^%^^5±aris-: 

sugar and coffee broker ot tno&e aayb. '-^\'" „^ , ^^t. 

„;«>^ r^f tV,P Federal eovernment April 15, Ibbi, ana some di 

Ihis was done under the same &- "^-^^^VSy thT Iimx in LoiS- 



140 LOUISIANA 

the planting business which then, as now, demanded intense study- 
ing and untiring effort, Mr. Dymond gradually withdrew from 
active business in New Orleans. In 1870 the firm name was changed 
to Dymond & Edwards, and this continued until 1875, the firm doing 
a large business in New York and New Orleans in coffee and sugai-s. 
In 1875 the firm became Dymond & Gardes, continuing the same 
business, and in 1877 the New York business was discontinued. All 
this while the planting business was demanding increasing atten- 
tion. Mr. Dymond secured the signature of Duncan P. Kenner, 
John Burnside, S. H. Kemiedy, Thomas D. Miller and several 
other prominent sugar planters, calling the planters to effect an 
organization. This was done in the autumn of 1877. That organ- 
ization, the Louisiana Sugar Planters' association, revolutionized 
the sugar industry of Louisiana and, in fact, of the entire cane 
sugar world. Mr. Dymond builded better than he knew when 
the association was launched. In 1880 the firm of Dymond & 
Gardes was dissolved and Mr. Dymond discontinued his active 
city business and finally devoted himself entirely to his planting 
interests. Of a mechanical turn of mind, he was quick to grasp 
new ideas in labor-saving devices and to aid in their development. 
Conspicuous among these were the Mallon stubble digger and other 
machines, the use of the McDonald hydraulics and of double and 
triple milling. He patented a sulphur machine now in use every- 
where in the cane sugar world, the shelf 'or cascade machine. He 
was the first to weigh .sugar cane and to purchase sugar by weight 
in Louisiana. The redivivus of multiple effect evaporation was 
promoted by him. The so-called dry-vacuum in vacuum boiling 
was introduced on the sugar plantations by him. The experiments 
in diffusion were encouraged by him and he and Hon. Henry Mc- 
Call were placed in charge of the experiments making at Gov. War- 
moth's Magnolia plantation by Norman J. Colman, then commis- 
sioner of agriculture of the United States. When the Louisiana 
Sugar Planters' association was organized in 1S77, Mr. Dymond 
refused to accept the presidency, preferring Mr. Kenner as tho 
more influential man and capable of doing more good for the 
cause. When Mr. Kenner died in 1887, Mr. Dymond was made 
president and served until March, 1896, when he refused to con- 
tinue, believing, as he did, that some other man Mould mider all 
the circumstances be the better man for the position, and he aided 
in securing Judge Emile Host to accept the presidency. The Louis- 
iana Sugar Planters' association agitated for some time better 
methods of selling sugars, and in 1884 the Louisiana Sugar ex- 
change was organized and it has been in active operation ever 
since. Hon. Edward J. Gay was made its first president and Mr. 
Dymond and William Agar vice-presidents. In 1885, the year of 
our Cotton Centennial exposition, Dr. William Carter Stubbs, then 
state chemist of Alabama, and professor of agriculture in the uni- 
versity of that state, visited New Orleans and the exposition. On 
the suggestion of Mr. D. D. Colcoek, secretary of the Louisiana 
Sugar exchange, and with the approval of Mr. Kenner, the pres- 
ident, Mr. Dymond invited Dr. Stulibs to again visit New Orleans 
and to deliver an address to the Louisiana Sugar Planters' asso- 



BIOGRAPHICAL 141 

elation, in which he would urge ujion the sugar planters of Louis- 
iana the expediency of research work in the agriculture and manu- 
facture of sugar. Dr. Stubbs accepted the invitation, and in due 
course the present sugar experiment station, now at Audubon 
Park, was created, its corporate name being the Louisiana Scien- 
tific Agricultural association, and Mr. Dymond was made its first 
president and is such now, the work of the station, however, hav- 
ing passed under state control in conjunction with Federal con- 
trol. Mr. Dymond secured sul)scriptions to the extent of $60,000 
to guarantee and to pay for the expenses of the association during 
the first 5 years of its existence. The Louisiana Sugar Planters' 
association as an industrial student body in scientific research 
work and utilizing the best talent in the country, developed the 
need of a technical journal devoted to the sugar industry. A meet- 
ing was held at the St. Charles hotel, in 1888, into which many of 
the sugar planters were called. The scheme was launched under 
the title of "The Louisiana Planter and Sugar Mamxfacturer Co.," 
to carry on the publication, and Mr. Dymond was chosen editor and 
elected general manager and president of the corporation. He 
devoted himself to the work earnestly for many years without 
money compensation, the motive of the organization being not to 
make a profit, but to save the sugar industry from many prevent- 
able losses. This was done and the new venture marked an epoch 
in the histoi'y of the Louisiana sugar industry. The Louisiana 
Planter now circulates throughout the entire world wherever sugar 
is macle from cane or beet. The burning of Mr. Dymond 's Belair 
sugar house in 1907 with scarcely any insurance on it, and a loss 
of over $100^000 resulting, put him out of the manufacturing side 
of the sugar industry. He sold 2 of his large plantations, Monsecour 
and Fairview, retaining Belair and Fanny plantations, whereon 
he persists in his favorite cane culture, but is gradually taking up 
other industries. In New Orleans, where he resides much of the 
time, he devoted himself to his editorial and printing house work, 
which has assumed considerable proportions. While Mr. Dymond 
came to Louisiana in 1866 and estalilishea a branch business house 
here under the same style of his New York house of Dymond & 
Lally, he retained his citizenship in New York, where in a mild way 
he was one of the Democratic regulars. In 1877 he removed 
entirely to New Orleans, domiciling himself at Belair in the parish 
of Plaquemines, where his large plantation business lay, and still 
maintaining his city business and a city residence. This led him 
into active political life, more particularly in connection with 
the sugar industry, which seemed to be continually under fire in 
the halls of Congress. He co-opei-ated with the Hon. Duncan F. 
Kenner while the latter was pi-esident of the Louisiana Sugar 
Planters' association. Through the co-ooperatiou of United States 
Marshal Pitkin of Louisiana and of Senator William Pitt Kellogg 
in Washington Mr. Dymond secured the appointment of Mr. Ken- 
ner as a member of the famous tariff commission of 1882, whose 
tariff bill was finally adopted March 1, 1883. Mr. Kenner 's Louis- 
iana friends recognized his i^eculiar fitness for the position and 
Pres. Arthur made the appointment. With the death of Mr. Ken- 



142 LOUISIANA 

ner in 1887 Mr. Dymond became the political leader of the sugar 
planters for some years. He was elected a delegate to the national 
Democratic convention in St. Louis in 1888, when Grover Cleveland 
was nominated the second time. Mr. Dymond was a member of the 
platform committee and made a hard fight to hold down ultra 
free trade ideas, Mr. Dymond being a protectionist Democrat. The 
continued attacks on the sugar industry every year in Washing- 
ton finally led to the enactment of the Wilson bill of 1894, which 
became a law Aug. 28. That led to the meeting of the sugar plant- 
ers at the Hotel Royal Sept., 1894, when the Lily White move- 
ment was inaugurated, the sugar planters voting to go into a 
White Republican party with no dissenting vote but that of Mr. 
Dymond, who claimed that he was an old-fashioned Democrat and 
could not change. Owing to some ill feeling then engendered, Mr. 
Dymond afterward refused reelection as president of the Sugar 
Planters' association, but always co-operated with it most earnestly. 
He remained president of the Louisiana Scientific Agricultural asso- 
ciation (the experiment station corporation) and of the Louisiana 
State Agricultural society, later declining reelection to that posi- 
tion. In 1888, when Francis T. Nicholls was elected governor, Mr. 
Dymond was made president of the police jury in Plaquemines 
parish. In 1892 he was elected as state representative of Plaque- 
mines parish, which had been under negro control since the Civil 
war, being then under the control of colored men and a black man 
representing the parish in the legislature. Mr. Dymond under- 
took the rectification of all this and finally succeeded in establish- 
ing his own election and the colored man was dropped out. Plaque- 
mines parish in 1896 still had a colored sheriff and a colored clerk 
of the court and Mr. Dymond determined to unload them. They 
had been maintained in position by skillful white men. Threats 
were made of armed opposition, or of the capture of ballot boxes, 
etc., hence an adequate supply of AVinchester rifles was secured, 
tub boats for transports and more than 100 armed men were con- 
centrated in Pointe a la Hache. The votes were counted decently 
and properly and Frank C. Meyers was found to be elected sheriff 
and Mr. Dymond as representati'^e, and the white men of Plaque- 
mines parish had come into their own for the first time in a genera- 
tion. Mr. Dymond was elected by the votes of Plaquemines par- 
ish to represent them in the constitutional convention of 1898, and 
he was made chairman of the committee on agriculture. In the 
state Democratic convention in 1889 Mr. Dymond was nominated 
for governor of the state by the parishes of St. Bernard and 
Plaquemines. Mr. R. H. Snyder of Tensas was also nominated, but 
on the announcement of the candidacy of W. W. Heard of Union 
parish Messrs. Dymond and Snyder withdrew and W. W. Heard 
was unanimously chosen the candidate of the party. In 1900 Mr. 
Dymond was elected state senator from the Fourth district, com- 
prised of Plaquemines and St. Bernard parishes and the 8th and 
9th wards of New Orleans, and was reelected in 1904. He failed of 
election in 1908, was again elected in 1912 and is now serving. In 
1890 Mr. Dymond became seriously interested in the anti-lottery 
movement and was the business manager of the party's organ, the 



BIOGRAPHICAL 143 

"New Delta." He carried his parish against the lottery and as 
president of its police jury declined the proffered gift of $3,000 
of lottery money for the maintenance of the public levees during 
the high water season of 1891, and was active in the whole cam- 
paign that made Murphy J. Poster governor and our present chief 
justice of the United States supreme court, E. D. White, United 
States senator from Louisiana. Mr. Dymond was reared a Demo- 
crat of the old school and always adhered to the state rights doc- 
trine and home rule for the white race. These qualifications in- 
cluded a strict construction of the national constitution and local 
control of the smallest political division of the state. He has 
been a member of the Unitarian church since boyhood. He became 
a Mason in 1857 and has attained to the degree of royal and select 
master in the York rite. He is a member of the Boston and Round 
Table clubs of New Orleans, was formerly a member of the New 
York chamber of commerce and of the New Yoi-k Historical so- 
ciety, and is now and has been since its revival after the Civil 
war, a member of the Louisiana Historical society. In 1862 Mr. 
Dymond married Nancy Elizabeth Cassidy in Zanesville, 0. She 
was the daughter of Hon. Asa R. Cassidy, a Virginian, and one of 
the early settlers in Ohio, a representative in the state legislature 
and for many years mayor of Zanesville. Mrs. Cassidy was Miss 
Nancy Senter of Boscawen, N. H., who as a child walked by the 
side of her parents' emigrant wagon all the way from New Hamp- 
shire to Central Ohio. Mr. and Mrs. Dymond are the parents of 
6 children, all boi-n in New York City except the youngest, Rich- 
ard. Frederick Dymond, a Tulane medical student, died in 1894. 
Three sons and 2 daughters are now living, viz. : John, Jr., William, 
Richard, Helen, now Mrs. Benedict, and Florence. 

Eastham, John Henry, mayor of Shreveport, La., vice-president 
of the well-known wholesale hardware firm of Eastham Co., Ltd., was 
born Sept. 23, 1861, in De Soto parish. La. ; the son of J. H. and 
E. P. (Pegues) Eastham. His father, a native of Virginia, tiiiner 
by occupation, came to Louisiana about the year 1850, worked 
in various localities in that state and in Texas, and died at the age 
of 76 years. Mrs. Eastham was born in South Carolina. She moved 
to Louisiana during her girlhood and is still living, in her 78th 
year. John Henry Eastham is the 3rd child and 2nd son of the 
family, which consisted of 8 sons and 5 davighters. He attended 
the public schools of Hayes county, Tex., from his 12th to his 
22nd year, when he moved to Beaumont, Tex., and for 3 years 
was in partnership with his father in the tinware and hard- 
ware business. From Beaumont Mr. Eastham went to Lake Charles, 
La., to conduct a tin shop in association with one of his brothers. 
They were together 1 year, at the expiration of which he ac- 
cepted a position with the Murry, Brooks Hardware Co. After a 
residence of 8 years in Lake Charles, Mr. Eastham took up his 
domicile with the people of Shreveport and established the hard- 
ware firm of Vandenbumer & Eastham, which was absorbed in 
1907 by the Eastham Co., Limited. Mr. Eastham enjoys the dis- 
tinction of being the first mayor elected in the city of Shreveport 
under the commission form of government, and Shreveport was 



144 LOUISIANA 

the leader among the municipal bodies of the state of Louisiana to 
inaugurate that system of conducting public affairs. Elevated to 
the mayoralty by a large majority in 1910, Mr. Eastham is now 
sei-ving his 4th year. He is noted for the active interest he takes 
in public affairs, and it was through his efforts that Shreveport 
adopted the commission form of administration. In secret, frater- 
nal and social bodies Mr. Eastham is looked upon as a prominent 
member. He is affiliated with the Masons, the Knights of Pythias, 
the Travelers' Protective association, the Elks lodge No. 122 of 
Shreveport, honorary member of the Woodmen of the World, a 
liberal contributor to the work of the Young Men's Christian asso- 
ciation and member of the Golf and Country club, also of the 
Shreveport Athletic association. Married, in 1886, Miss Nellie 
Mayo, daughter of Thad. Mayo, a distinguished citizen of Lake 
Charles. Mr. and Mrs. Eastham had 4 children, 3 of whom are 
dead, but they are concentrating all their parental affection on 
the sole remaining child, William Merry Eastham, aged 15 years. 
Edrington, Prentice Ellis., Jr., well-known New Orleans attorney, 
was born at New Orleans, La., March 3, 1889 ; son of P. E. and 
Marguerite (Kuntz) Edrington, the former of whom was born in 
St. John-the-Baptist parish, La., Nov. 29, 1858 ; son of Morris and 
Marie Louise (De Marcy) Edrington, the former of whom was like- 
wise born in St. John-the-Baptist parish, and a son of Benjamin 
Franklin Edrington, born in Kentucky, a pioneer in Louisiana, and 
the only representative of the Edrington family in the state at 
that early time. The mother was a daughter of Nicholas Kuntz 
and of French ancestry. Prentice E. Edrington, Sr., has been a prac- 
ticing attorney in Louisiana since his graduation from Tulane uni- 
versity. In 1892 he was appointed by Gov. Nicholls as district at- 
torney of the judicial district composed of Jefferson, St. Chai'les 
and St. John-the-Baptist parishes, and following this appointment 
removed from New Orleans to Reserve, where the family has since 
resided. In 1906 he was elected district judge to fill the unex- 
pired term of Judge Jerome Gaudet of the 28th judicial District 
court, and has since continued as incumbent of that office, having 
been reelected in Sept., 1912, for another term of 4 years. Judge 
Edrington was the presiding jurist in the celebrated kidnaping 
case involving the Lamana child in 1907. Prentice Ellis Edrington, 
Jr., is the eldest of 7 children born to his parents. His boyhood 
days were passed at Reserve, in St. John-the-Baptist parish. In 
the course of his education he attended the Jesuit Brothers' col- 
lege, at New Orleans, and later Chenet Institute. Following this 
he received appointment to the United States Naval academy at 
Annapolis, Md., where he matriculated and spent 1 year in prep- 
aration for the life of a naval officer, but then returned to New 
Orleans and entered the law school of Tulane university. After 
2 years' study, in Feb., 1911, he passed examination and on March 
10 of the same year was admitted to the bar, since which time he 
has been engaged in practice in the city of New Orleans. Jiine 10, 
1911, Mr. Edrington was married to Miss Gladys M. Stewart, a 
daughter of Hunter and Armide (White) Stewart of New Or- 
leans. One child, Ethelyn Gladys, has been born to their union. 



BIOGRAPHICAL 145 

Mr. Edrington is affiliated with the Democratic party, a member 
of the Catholic church and a member of the national fraternity of 
Beta Theta Pi. 

Edwards, Judge Wakeman W., successful and well-known at- 
torney, Abbeville, Vermilion parish. La., was born at Charlton, 
Saratoga county, N. Y., Sept. 13, 1826 ; son of Henry and Elizabeth 
(Rogers) Edwards, the former of whom was a farmer in Saratoga 
county, N. Y., where he and his wife passed the greater part of 
their lives, with the exception of a shoi't stay in the state of 
Indiana. The paternal grandfather and great-grandfather were 
farmers, respectively, of Schenectady and Suffolk counties, N. Y., 
while the paternal great-great-grandfather was a seafaring man. 
Wakeman W. Edwards, the son, attended the public schools of 
Charlton, later high school and Schenectady lyceum, from which 
latter he graduated. In 1847 he entered Union college, at Schenec- 
tady, N. Y., graduating with the degree of A. B. in the class of 
1850. He then went to Indiana and there studied law during 
several months in. the office of L. & R. H. Rousseau, at Bloom- 
field. L. H. Rousseau later was a Federal officer at New Orleans 
during the Civil war. In the autumn of the year 1851 Wakeman W. 
Edwards came south and located at Camden, Miss., where he taught 
during several years as principal of Camden academy. During 
these years he applied his spare moments to the study of law. In 
1855, during an epidemic of yellow fever, he, with others, went 
to Sulphur Springs, near Canton, Miss., in an eiifort to escape the 
fever. Among the refugees on this occasion was a justice of the 
supreme court of Mississippi, Alex. H. Handy, who while at Sul- 
phur Springs, examined Wakeman W. Edwards in law, and shortly 
afterward, at Canton, Miss., in October, 1855, he was admitted 
to the bar and licensed to practice in the courts of Mississippi. 
In the following winter he removed to Springfield, Conway county. 
Ark., and there began the practice of law, with the intention of 
eventually taking up practice at Little Rock. He remained here 
until 1858, being in the meantime elected a member of the Ar- 
kansas legislature in 1857. In 1859 he '■emoved to Chicot county, 
Ark., and there entered practice with Judge William H. Sutton, 
under the firm name of Sutton & Edwards. Shortly following 
this move the Civil war began, and all business calculations were, 
of course, entirely upset. About 18 months previous to the close 
of the war Wakeman W. Edwards was conscripted into the Con- 
federate army, the company of which he became a member form- 
ing a part of Bell's regiment, Hawthorne's brigade, in which con- 
nection he served until the close of the war. Immediately after 
the surrender he went to New Orleans, on account of the condi- 
tion of general devastation then prevailing in Arkansas. He was 
admitted to the bar in Louisiana, and until 3875 practiced law in 
the city of New Orleans. In the latter year he removed to Abbe- 
ville, Vermilion parish, where he has since resided. During Gov. 
Nicholls' administration, when the "Regulators" were commit- 
ting many depredations, it is said that the judge then occupying the 
bench at Lafayette, 25th district, refused to sentence these wrong- 
doers and resigned. Attorney Edwards being appointed to serve 
III— 10 



146 LOUISIANA 

the unexpired term as judge of the court, which he did, but was not 
a candidate for the office after the expiration of the term for which 
he was appointed. He resumed the practice of law and remained 
in practice iintil 1905, when he was obliged to retire on account 
of defective heai-ing. In 1857 Judge Edwards was married, at 
Sulphur Springs, Miss., Madison county, to Miss Martha H. Hol- 
lingsworth, a daughter of Jeptha T. Hollingsworth. To this union 
3 children were born, these being at this time as follows: Dr. Clar- 
ence J. Edwards, practicing physician and editor of "Meridianal," 
at Abbeville, one of the oldest newspapers published in Southwest 
Louisiana, also a former state senator and now a member of the 
state leper board; Elizabeth, wife of George B. Petty, formerly 
of Abbeville but now a Chicago photographer and art dealer; 
Judge William Pierpont Edwards, born at New Orleans, and who, 
in 1904, was elected district judge at Abbeville, twice since re- 
elected to succeed himself, and whose present term will expire in 
1916. Judge Edwards is affiliated with the Democratic pai-ty. Dr. 
Clarence J. Edwards is elsewhere referred to in this work. Mrs. 
Wakeman W. Edwards died in 1908. 

Edwards, Dr. Clarence J., M. D., successful and well-known phy- 
sician, cx-state senator, long a member of the state leper board, 
residence Abbeville, Vermilion parish, La., was born at Spring- 
field, Ark., Oct. 3, 1858; son of Judge Wakeman W. and Martha 
(Hollingsworth) Edwards, the former of whom was a native of 
Charlton, Saratoga county, N. Y., and the latter of Sulphur Springs, 
Madison county, Miss. A detailed sketch of the parents appears 
elsewhere in this work, for which the reader should refer to ar- 
ticle: "Edwards, Judge Wakeman W. " Clarence J. Edwards, the 
subject of this sketch, came to New Orleans with his parents in 
the year 1865, just after the close of the Civil war, and the son 
attended the public schools of New Orleans, including the boys' 
high school. In 1875 the family removed to Abbeville, Vermilion 
parish, and there Clarence J. became a teacher in the public schools 
of Vermilion parish, and so continued until 1881, when he entered 
the medical department of the University of Louisville (Ky.), from 
which he graduated with the degree of M. D. in the class of 1883. 
Following the completion of his professional education, Dr. Ed- 
wards began medical practice in Chicot county. Ark. After 1 
year in this location he removed to New Iberia, and again, after 
1 year in practice there, in 1885, returned to Abbeville, where 
he has since been continuously engaged in practice. In 1887 Dr. 
Edwards was married to Miss Kate Young, and 6 children have 
been born to their union, namely : Harold C., a practicing physi- 
cian of Abbeville; Mark H., Mathilde, Floyd, Wakeman W. and 
Henry. Dr. Edwards has affiliated with the Democratic party 
since beginning the exercise of the elective franchise, and has 
served the people of the locality in which the activities of his life 
have been cast in various official capacities. His first official posi- 
tion was that of a member of the city council of Abbeville, follow- 
ing which he was elected parish coroner, and has at various times 
since filled that office. In 1894 he was elected a member of the 
Louisiana state senate from the 11th senatorial district, and served 



BIOGRAPHICAL 147 

the following 4-year term in the state senate. In 1898 he was 
again elected coroner, and has been repeatedly reelected to that 
office until 1912. During nearly 20 years past the Doctor has 
filled the position of chairman of the parish Democratic executive 
committee. While in the state senate he was instrumental in hav- 
ing a measure enacted providing that the state should assume 
charge of the lepers within its borders and establish a home for 
them. The bill became a law, and the home was established at its 
present location, near White Castle, La. Upon its organization 
Dr. Edwards was appointed a member of the board of control of 
the leper home, and has served continuously on this board during 
nearly 18 years past, until 1912. The Doctor also has served as 
president of the parish school board during 1 year. Dr. Edwards 
yet maintains his active interest and part in political and public 
affairs and wields a distinct influence among the people who have 
cooperated with him throughout so many useful and gratifyingly 
fruitful years. He is a member of the Free and Accepted Masons, 
Independent Order Odd Fellows, Knights of Pythias, Knights of 
Honor, Knights of the Maccabees, and Woodmen of the World. 
Also, he is a member of the Vermilion Parish Medical and Louisiana 
State Medical society, and the American Medical association. He 
served as chairman of the house of delegates in the state society 
during 2 years, and also has served as president of the Parish Medi- 
cal society. In 1883 he became identified with the Meridianal, one 
of the oldest newspapers published in southwest Louisiana, and 
since that time has remained connected with the paper, being sole 
owner of it since 1900. This publication has never been otherwise 
than strictly Democratic in politics. Dr. Edwards is at this time 
the oldest physician, and has been longer engaged in the practice 
of medicine than any other doctor within Vermilion parish. He is 
also an enthusiastic amateur horticulturist and enjoys the distinc- 
tion of owning the largest grove of giant bamboos east of the Rocky 
mountains, besides other rare trees and fruits. 

Edwards, Thomas Arthur, Jr., district attorney 15th judicial 
district. Lake CHiarles, La., was born at Platonia, Fayette county, 
Tex., Jan. 18, 1876, son of Thomas Arthur artd Sarah (Brooks) 
Edwards, the former of whom was born in the state of Kentucky 
and the latter at Nashville, Tenn. The father, when a boy, went 
to Texas with his widowed mother, in 1850. His mother purchased 
a ranch in the latter state and there reared her family. It so hap- 
pened that Sarah Brooks went to Texas with her parents in the 
same year as did the father with his mother. Thomas Arthur Ed- 
wards, Sr., began life on his own account at an early age. When 
the Civil war began, he was 16 years of age. He immediately 
enlisted and served until the close of the war. At successive 
periods he was attached to the commands of Quantrell, Gen. Price, 
and Capt. Ben McCullough, and participated in the last battle of 
the war, at Brownsville, Tex., under Capt. Rabb. After the sur- 
render he engaged in the stock business in western Texas. He was 
the first marshal of the town of Flatonia, and while occupying that 
office — about the year 1875 — was appointed deputy sheriff of Fay- 
ette county, and from that time until 1903 he served continuously 



148 LOUISIANA 

in that capacity, under succeeding chiefs, making a record of about 
28 years in the one office. He then moved to Bee county, Tex., 
where he owns a ranch and now resides. During his service 
throughout the Civil war he was wounded only once, but as a 
deputy sheriff, in dealing with the desperate characters of his 
section and time, he received many wounds. Thomas Arthur Ed- 
wards, Jr., was the first of 7 boys born to his parents, 5 of whom are 
living at this time. He received his earlier education in a private 
school taught by an aunt, after which he attended a graded school, 
at various times, at Flatonia. When he had attained his eighth 
year he became a cowboy, and from that time assisted his father 
and others in herding cattle, attending school at intei'vals until 
reaching his fifteenth year. In 1891 he entered the Temple & Ham- 
ilton Business college, at San Antonio, to take the stenographic 
course, and so well adapted to the work was he that he had com- 
pleted the course within 2 months. He then accepted a position 
as .stenographer for the law firm of Phelps & Willrich, Lagrange, 
Tex., and although it was 17 years later that he was admitted to the 
bar, he here began the study of law, pursuing his studies intermit- 
ently as circumstances afforded opportunity. He remained in this 
first stenographic position 1 year, following which he visited Colo- 
rado, Wyoming, Montana, Nevada, California, Arizona and New 
Mexico, working on ranches and following the occupation of a 
cowboy. After passing 2 years in this way, he went to San Fran- 
cisco and there again engaged in stenographic work with the law 
firm of McKnight & Coffer. Later he visited his uncle's ranch in 
the San Joachim valley, and afterward put in some time as an 
employee of the Macy Bros, ranch, from which place he returned 
to Texas by way of New Mexico, and at Flatonia began buying and 
shipping cattle to Northern points for his father. May 18, 1895, 
Mr. Edwards was married to Miss Minnie McKinney, of Lagrange, 
Tex., a daughter of Dr. R. A. McKinney, who has practiced medi- 
cine in that locality during many years. Following his marriage 
Mr. Edwards took a position as stenographer for the law firm of 
R. F. Blair, at San Antonio, and later was connected with other 
firms of that city in a similar capacity. In 1896 he went to the 
city of Porfirio Diaz, Mexico, as stenographer for C. K. Dunlap, 
general passenger agent of the Mexican Central R. R. Later ho 
returned to San Antonio, and was there employed in the general 
office of the San i^ntonio & Arkansas Pass R, R., until the early 
part of 1897, when he became connected with the maintenance of 
way department, remaining in that connection until the beginning 
of the SpanivSh-American war, when he joined Lane's rangers, 
which later became Troop H, 1st Texas U. S. Volunteer cavalry, 
under Col. Luther R. Hare. The command was mobilized at Camp 
Mabry, Austin, Tex., and from there sent to Fort Sam Houston and 
the Mexican border, at which place Mr. Edwards was transferred 
to Troop I of the same command. He was detailed as clerk to the 
colonel of the regiment and later made official reporter for court 
martials. While so connected he personally captured Wellington 
C. Lewellin, who had shot a lieutenant, and for this service was 
highly commended in a general order issued by the colonel. After- 



BIOGRAPHICAL 149 

ward he was placed on detached dixty and employed in searching 
out deserters. Later he was honorably discharged in order that he 
might accept the position of secretary to the chief musternig officer 
n connection with the work of mustering out the troops, and m 
Ihis capacity went to Cuba. In Jan., 1899, he returned to Lagrange, 
Tex and was appointed deputy sheriff. In the autumn of the 
same year he came to Louisiana and was employed by the himber 
firm of Lock, Moore & Co. as stenographer, remaining m that con- 
ueSion aboul 10 months. In Nov., 1900, he accepted a position with 
Harrv C Laws & Co., of New Orleans, with whom he remamed 1 
year after which he was employed by Judge Charles Parlange as 
T^rivate secretary and reporter of U. S. court, remammg m this 
?irectiorrSl905. He then went to Lake Charles as stenog- 
rapher for the law firm of Pujo & Moss, and later accompanied 
Hon. A. P. Pujo, then a member of congress, to Washington D. C 
as his private secretary. He was thus employed until Of- 1' l^OS 
when he appeared before the examining committee of the Bai 
Tssociation at Shreveport, La. Dec. 14, in the same year, he passed 
examination before the supreme court and was licensed t^ prac- 
tice. Immediately thereafter he established himself m offices at 
Lake Charles and there began the practice of law. At this time he 
has been in practice only a little more than 4 years, and has niade 
the phenomenal record of representing the defense m 12 murder 
cases without losing any one of them. At the Democratic primary 
on Sept 3 1912, he was nominated for district attorney, and on 
Dec 16 of the same year qualified in that office. His district is the 
largest in the state of Louisiana, comprising the parishes ot Allen, 
Beauregard, Calcasieu, Cameron, and Jefferson Davis, but up to 
this time he has been able to conduct the business of his ottice 
without assistance. He is a member of the Benevolent and Pro- 
tective Order of Elks and is affiliated with the Woodmen of the 
World Mr. and Mrs. Edwards have 5 children, namely: Frank 
McKinney, Thomas Arthur, Jr., Robert Alexander, Arsene Pujo, 

and Edine. • • , j^ t 

Elliott, Ralph William, city judge of Lafayette, parish ot La- 
fayette, La., was born November 25, 1857, in New Orleans. His 
father, Benjamin Christopher Elliott, the son of Beiyaniin Chris- 
topher Elliott, who was a native and lifelong resident of Columma, 
S C and engaged in the planting business, was reared and edu- 
cated in that state. In early manhood he removed to New Orleans, 
where he practiced law and married Miss Melinda Shaw, born in 
Avoyelles parish, whose great grandfather, Carapte, served on the 
staff of C4en. Lafayette during the Revolutionary war. Ihe mater- 
nal grandfather, Capt. Z. Shaw, served under Jackson at the battle 
of New Orleans. His commission is now in the possession ot lus 
descendants, together with other historic documents of early times. 
Benjamin Christopher Elliott was prominent in the legal profes- 
sion and in politics in New Orleans. Nearly three-quarters of a 
century ago, when there existed a number of "municipalities that 
were later on consolidated into the city ot New Orleans, Mr. Elliott 
was judge of Lafayette municipality, now the Fourth district of 
New Orleans. He was an incumbent of that office until a short 



150 LOUISIANA 

time before his death, in the year 1858. Mrs. Elliott died in 1865. 
Ralph William Elliott, who was 18 months old when his father 
died, and 8 years of age at the time of his mother's demise, was 
1 of a family of 11 children, 4 sons and 7 daughters. The sons 
were : Thornley H., Benjamin C, Thomas H., and Ralph William 
Elliott. Thornley H. enlisted in the Confederate army during the 
Civil war, served in Dreux's cavalry until taken prisoner and 
sent to military prison at Johnston's island, and later was paroled. 
Benjamin C. Elliott also was a soldier in the army of the South, 
from the beginning of the Civil war in 1861, iintil paroled at At- 
lanta, when he was. a trooper in Dreux's cavalry, to which corps 
he had been transferred from his original company, the Crescent 
rifles. After the war Mr. Elliott engaged for a short time in clerical 
pursuits in New Orleans, and then began the practice of law, hav- 
ing several years previously graduated, but not having had occasion 
to exercise his profession on account of his military service. He 
was actively identified with politics in Louisiana; was district 
attorney for the parish of Jefferson; member of the state legislature 
for 2 terms, and candidate for congress on the Democratic ticket 
against H. Dudley Coleman, who defeated him with the Republican 
votes. He died in 1891. Thomas H. Elliott, the third of the Elliott 
family to offer his services to the South during the Civil war, en- 
listed at the age of 16 years, and was with Dreux's cavalry until 
the end of the great struggle. He is a resident of New Orleans, at 
present connected with the mercantile firm of W. G. Coyle & Co. 
Ralph William Elliott, the subject of this sketch, was educated in 
private schools, and at St. Vincent's academy of the Christian 
Brothers ; later studying law in the office of his brother, Benjamin 
C. Elliott, and admitted to practice in July, 1891, after having 
passed an examination before the justices of the Louisiana state 
supreme court. He established himself in Lafayette, and has been 
a resident of that city ever since. In 1910 he was appointed city 
judge by Gov. J. Y. Sanders, and in 1912 was elected, without any 
opposition, for a 4 years' term. Judge Elliott's official position does 
not stand in the way of his continuing the practice of law in the 
disti'ict court. Although deeply interested in the political affairs 
of Louisiana, Judge Elliott never' sought office, but often has de- 
clined to be put forward as a candidate for a public position. In 
fraternal orders he is affiliated with the Elks, the Woodmen of the 
World, the Benevolent Knights of America, and the Loyal order 
of Moose lodge. 

Ellis, Crawford H., manager of the United Fruit Co., is one of 
the most prominent factors in the commercial life of the Southland. 
Mr. Ellis is a native Alabauiian, in which state he was born at 
Selma, Aug. 26, 1873, the son of Thomas Jefferson and Elizabeth 
(Hatcher) Ellis, both of whom came of English ancestry, and was 
reared at Orrville, Ala., where the father has merchandised for 
years and has also been actively engaged in cotton planting. His 
father was a Confederate soldier and served with gallantry in 
Company F, 5th Alabama regiment. At Mobile, Ala., he was cap- 
tured and was held prisoner at Ship island until the close of the war. 
Crawford II. Ellis received his prelin'inary education in the pub- 



BIOGR^VPHICAL 151 

lie schools of Selma, Ala., and later (1892) graduated with honors 
in a business course at the Kentucky university of Lexington. At 
the age of 19 Mr. Ellis went to Central America for the purpose ot 
associating himself with Orr & Laubenheimer Co., who were oper- 
ating steamers between Mobile and Nicaragua. This company was a 
roioneer in the banana trade and after 5 years in the southern re- 
public during which time the banana trade began taking more 
definite form, Mr. Ellis was transferred to Mobile to look after 
affairs of the company there. This transfer was made late m 1897 
and he had charge of the company's business at that place until 
1898, or until he became accountant for the Bluefield Steamship 
Co which was incorporated in the latter part of 1898. Mr. Wiis 
came to New Orleans to serve in the capacity of accountant, but 
it was not long before his merit won him a more important position 
In Dec 1899, he was made auditor for the United Fruit Co., and 
at the age of 27 he was manager of the entire Southern business ot 
this corporation. With headquarters at New Orleans, Mr. El is 
has remained in this position and his management also includes the 
direction of three separate lines of passenger and freight boats that 
ply between the fruit countries of Latin America and Mobile, New 
Orleans and Galveston. Through his intimate knowledge of condi- 
tions in Latin America, and the Spanish language, m which he is a 
fluent scholar, Mr. Ellis has been able to conduct the fruit busme^ss 
in such a way as to be of great assistance to the governments ot the 
republics where the products are grown. At present he is direct- 
ing the expenditure of $4,000,000 in building new towns on the 
Honduran coast and a railroad to connect it with Tegucigalpa, thus 
furnishing railroad connection to the sea for the only American 
capital citv not already enjoying that advantage. To be able to 
direct such a colossal undertaking and still find time for active 
work with a large number of outside enterprises is a gauge of 
Mr Ellis' commercial capacity. He is president of the Pan-Ameri- 
can Life Insurance Co. ; director and member of the executive com- 
mittee of the Whitney-Central National l^ank and Whitney-Centi-al 
Trust and Savings bank; director m the New Orleans & Pacific 
R R He is a trustee of the Louisiana state museum and was presi- 
dent of the board of trade of New Orleans during 1909 and 1910, 
being 36 vears old when first elected and after serving 2 terms 
declined reelection for a third term because of the press of^ other 
business. Mr. Ellis served as colonel on the staff of Gov. J. 1. San- 
ders of Louisiana, and is now serving with the same rank on the 
staff' of Gov. Luther E. Hall. His principal recreations are auto- 
mobiling, fishing and hunting. He is a member of the Boston, 1 ick- 
wick. Southern Yacht, Country, Delta Duck, Young Meii s Gym- 
nastic and Motor League clubs. Mr. Ellis married at belma, Ala., 
April 24 1895, Miss Inez MoUett Saffold, the marriage being blessed 
with 1 daughter, Inez Lucille Ellis. The family residence is at 
1912 Palmer avenue, New Orleans. 

Estopinal, Gen. Albert, member of Congress, representmg the 
First Congressional district of Louisiana, was born m St. Bernard 
parish, La., Jan. 30, 1845. He is a member of the honored and woll- 
known Estopinal family of St. Bernard parish, where he was reared 



152 LOUISIANA 

and educated in the public schools, later attending private schools 
in New Orleans. He left school at the outbreak of the Civil war 
and enlisted in the Confederate army, in which he served first in 
the 28th Louisiana Volunteer regiment, under Col. Allen Thomas, 
and after the siege of Vicksburg, in the 22d Louisiana regiment, 
under Col. I. W. Patton, surrendering to Gen. Canby at Meridian, 
Miss., in March, 1865. In 1872 he was elected sheriff of St. Bernard 
parish, and reelected in 1874. He was elected a representative in 
the lower house of the general assembly in 1876 and again in 1878 ; 
was a member of the Louisiana Constitutional convention in 1879 ; 
elected to state senate in 1880 and served until 1900, when he was 
elected lieutenant-governor of the state, serving 4 years. The next 
position of honor to which he was elected was that of congress- 
man. In 1868 Gen. Estopinal married Miss Eliska Legier, of New 
Orleans. He is the father of 9 sons. 

Estopinal, Albert, Jr., sheriff of St. Bernard parish, was born in 
New Orleans, La., Dec. 1, 1868, a son of Albei-t and Eliska (Legier) 
Estopinal, the former being a native of St. Bernard parish and the 
latter of New Orleans. For detailed information regarding the 
parents' ancestry, see sketch of Rene L. Estopinal, elsewhere in this 
work. Albert Estopinal, Jr., attended the public schools of his 
home city and later a private school, after which he entered the 
Louisiana state university, remaining for 4 years. Following this 
he matriculated in the law school of Tulane university, graduating 
with credit in the class of 1890. The young attorney embarked 
upon his professional career at New Orleans, practicing very suc- 
cessfully for sevei'al years in that city and St. Bernard and Pointe 
a la Haehe. In 1892 he was elected distinct attorney of the 24th 
judicial district, and remained incumbent of this office for 12 years. 
He was then appointed by the governor to fill an unexpired term of 
1 year as district judge, and following this was elected judge of the 
Court of Appeals at New Orleans, serving in this capacity for 5 
years. Upon the expiration of this term Mr. Estopinal became a 
candidate for the office of sheriff of St. Bernard parish, and was 
duly chosen to fill the remainder of an vmexpired term. His con- 
stituency was so well pleased with his able administration of the 
affairs of the office that he was again elected, and has sei-ved faith- 
fully in this capacity iip to the present time, proving himself an 
efficient and capable incumbent of the office. Judge Estopinal has 
been a lifelong advocate of the principles of Democracy, and is a 
devout member of the Roman Catholic church. Sept. 10, 1892, he 
was united in marriage to Berenice, a daughter of ^Michel and 
Azelie (Brignac) Cambre, natives of St. John the Baptist parish, 
but later residents of St. Bernard. Both parents are now deceased. 
No children have been born to Judge and Mrs. Estopinal. 

Estopinal, Adam, representative, state senator, and member of 
Constitutional convention of 1913, was born at St. Bernard, St. 
Bernard parish, La., June 19, 1872, son of Matthew and Josephine 
(Estopinal) Estopinal, both of whom were born in St. Bernni'd par- 
ish. The father followed the vocation of a farmer throughout life. 
His death occurred in the year 1875. The paternal grandfather, 
Joseph Estopinal, was a planter and sugar maker. He also was 



BIOGRAPHICAL ^^^ 



u •« a+ TiATrm-<1 narish and is now deceased. Adam Estopinal 

marked ability thjvt m 19U» ne w distinction and 

was not a candidate for reelection m 1912^ tife bonrfS commis- 
he is serving in the capacity of president of tlie boarci ot comim 
sfone "of Bayou Terre'aux Boeuf ^^-^rict and is ciairnian of he 
St. Bernard parish Democratic committee, ^e also seivecl as a 
member of the State Constitutional convention of 191/ Me is 

nnd has lono- been in business m that city as a turniture ae'iiei. 
His wife also was born in Louisiana. Two children have been born 
fo sTiitor and Mrs. Estopinal, these being Lydia Josephine and 

"^^SltLtr^'l" Alfred nlanter of St. Bernard, was born at St. Ber- 
f?fi;,,t" 1879 Ton of Alfred and Marie (Messa) Estopinal 
ESS^Vw/omVeVfbo^ratSt^Bernard, where the father foll^ 

th occupation of a planter throughout life. ^^ father died July 
d nnH the mother Nov. 11, both m the year 1897. ihe pateinai 

pntimi of a Dlanter He d ed m the month ot Nov., IJUJ. Aiiieti 
Sopinal w^ the first of 6 children born to his Pa-nts,1^he other 
chiXn in order of their birth, being: Adalmar Adarian OB 
Henrv Zeulma. Alfred Estopinal received a pub he ^chool educa^ 
tion and upon finishing this, became assistant to his father m 
rmSnagrnt of the %- J-^^as continuecl^m this oceupati^^^^ 

which has been very profitable at all tT^'- ,.f ? X c.nacitv of 
t^^ ?:• r ^S^li^Sl? S^^S^r^ |a SS^out 
Siis hicumbencv has exerted his influence toward the constant m - 
ntvemen of 5ie schools to which his neighbors send their chi- 
E and these schools have. shown great -P-^^^^Vfu^ 
vears The Estopinal farm is modern m all ^^^pe^ts, ana luuy 

Se avocation of a farmer, through which so much of the substan- 



154 LOUISIANA 

tial reward of a well spent life has come to him. March 19, 1892, 
Mr. Estopinal was married to Miss Antonia Serpas, a daughter of 
Francisco and Dolores (Elvas) Serpas, of St. Bernard. Both par- 
ents were natives of St. Bernard and both are now deceased. 
Seven children, as follows, have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Estop- 
inal: Agnes, Manriee, Dolores, Maude, William, Ernst, and Bertha. 

Estopinal, Fernando, lawyer by profession and secretary of Lake 
Borgne Levee board, was born in New Orleans, Oct. 5, 1870, and is 
a son of Albert and Eliska (Legier) Estopinal. His father is repre- 
sentative in Congress from the 1st Congressioiial district of Louisi- 
ana. Mr. Estopinal was educated in the public schools and the 
Tulane high school. After a plantation life of several years he 
became, in 1893, a clerk in the office of collector of customs. Dur- 
ing 1894-95 he was a law student in Tulane university, graduating 
in 1895. He then practiced law until appointed state live stock 
inspector by Gov. Foster, in 1898, which position he held until Dec. 
1, 1904, when he became secretary of Lake Borgiie Levee board, 
which he has since held. Mr. Estopinal is a resident of St. Bernard 
parish and Arabi is his resident postofRce address. In 1897 Mr. 
Estopinal was united in marriage with Miss Palmyre Legier, the 
daughter of John R. Legier, and unto this imion were born the fol- 
lowing children : Fernando, Jr., Inez, Lola, Elise, Renee, and Marie. 
Mr. Estopinal is Roman Catholic in church faith, is a member of 
the Knights of Columbus, and also the Phi Kappa Sigma fraternity. 
In politics he is a Democrat and has borne an active part in both 
political and public affairs. 

Estopinal Rene L., a prosperous planter, and president of the 
police jury of St. Bernard parish, was born in this parish, March 1, 
1866, a son of Albert and Eliska (Legier) Estopinal. The mother 
was born in New Orleans, while the father, Albert Estopinal, was 
born in St. Bernard parish, Jan. 30, 1845. He received his educa- 
tion in the pulilic schools of New Orleans and from private tutors. 
In Jan., 1862, he enlisted in the Confederate army, as a member of 
the 28th Louisiana infantry, under Col. Thomas. After the siege 
of A'^icksburg he became attached to the 22d Louisiana regiment, 
commanded by Col. S. W. Patton, and remained with this command 
throughout the war, proving himself a brave and gallant soldier. 
The command surrendered to Gen. Canby at Meridian, Miss., in 
March, 1865. In Feb., 1868, he was married to Miss Eliska Legier, 
of New Orleans. Four years later he was elected sheriff of St. Ber- 
nard parish and was reelected in 1874. In 1876-78 he represented 
his district in the Louisiana state legislature, and in 1879 served as 
a member of the Constitutional convention. He was a member of the 
Louisiana state senate from 1880 to 1900, and during this time 
served also as a member of the Constitutional convention of 1896. 
In 1900 Mr. Estopinal was elected lieutenant-governor of Louisiana, 
in which capacity he served for 4 years, and following this was 
elected a member of the 61st Congress, to fill an unexpired term. 
He was reelected to the 62d Congress, receiving 11,932 votes, while 
his opponent only got 1,408. Rene L. Estopinal was the fifth of 
10 children born to his parents. His academic education was fin- 
ished at Holy Cross college. New Orleans, following which he 



BIOGRAPHICAL 1^5 

entered the New Orleans College of Dentist.^ from whkh he ^ 
uated with signal honors m the class of 1908. , Shortly toiowm„ 
the oomnletion of his professional education he began the practice 
of deSry at New Orleans, but after 2 years retired from the pro- 
Session and took up the vocation of a farmer in St. Bemai-d parish 
to which occupation he has since given his entire attention. At 
this thne heTccupios the office of president of the^ parish police 

SmbuHheUtitc^Jy of .the New O^'Jean^ CoUege^of^D^^^^ 

ti«t,-v niiA the Xi Phi Ps fraternity. June 21, 1911, Mi ustopmai 

id i; he .Uar Emma, a daughter of Ho'iore and Alpliomeue 

Sulwme) pugas, ot A»J,,„p«ou parish m wh^chJocaUty^hoth 

iiS,rsr s4S= si^^^sser Sd s«|=- 

fi her were born in Louisiana. John Batist Dugas, fa her oi E. 
p H .^tended private schools in Assumption parish and later fin- 
fshecl'hs academic education at Bardstown college (Kentucky) 

rE» iisf.'«'i-h;:taS'-rt:TdS^» 

His command afterwards participated m many ot the '"ipo^ ^ant 

« gaoements of the war, including the ^^'-f'^^^'^^'Z^l'^ilt^l 
buro After the surrender he returned to Assumption pansh, but 
nstead of lisuming his pedagogical work, devoted his energies to 
■the occupaion of a planter, as this at the time appealed the greater 
need of the people. Since that time he has continued to devote his 
attention to'^planting, and now operates a plantation embracing 
i XL. lonnn aeres half of> which is under cultivation, in 
S^tUT& LeSa^Co. was formed w.hHono^.e Dugas, 

president; Felix Dugas, vice-president, and ^- J; f^ ^„;^;"':^J',^er- 
retary and treasurer. This company operates a la^89^f ""/^J '^^^^ 
chandise business. Mr. Dugas is also presiden of the P«lic; ^^^^ 
and a member of the Atchafalaya Levee board. He has se™ 
Hs district as a member of the state legislature, h';;;;"^ ^e^^ 
elected in 1896. In church faith. he is a member of the Roman 

Cathode church. Jan. 6, 1866 Mr. D^^f ^^-^^^^f^^^) 701^- 
to Alphoniene, a daughter of Villiar and Constant (Vella)Uummi 
ville, of Assumption parish, where both parents ^e e orm M 
Diimonville followed the vocation of a planter. Both he ana ms 
w fe a e ow de^ieased. To this union 7 children wei;e born name- 
h' Edoar now residing at home ; Lillia, now wife of Capt Alphege 
CWet ai'id mother of's children; Bertha, at the parent^^^^ 
Alnhonsiene at home; Armelise Louis, wite ot Mi iJaigie, ana 
moSo?i children; Emma, now Mi.. ^^-l^ZTtfm.S^^' 
at home. One child. Sella by name, has been born to J\lr. ana Mis. 
Rene L. Estopinal. 



156 LOUISIANA 

Eustis, Allan Chotard, eminent pliysician and writer on medical 
subjects, Avas born in New Orleans, La., Dec. 23, 1876. His parents 
were Cartwright and Laura (Buckner) Eustis, the former of whom 
was born at Natchez, Miss., Nov., 1842, and the latter, of a prom- 
inent Louisiana family, is still living. The father, a cousin of 
former Ambassador Eustis, was a son of Horatio Sprague and 
Catherine (Chotard) Eustis. His preliminary education was ac- 
quired in the common schools and in a preparatory school at Cam- 
bridge, Mass. In 1859 he entered Harvard university, but, visiting 
Mississippi in 1861, the outbreak of the Civil war prevented a 
return to his studies at Harvard. After some months spent at 
his home near Natchez, in 1862, he enlisted as a Confederate sol- 
dier, going to the front as a member of the Natchez Southerns under 
Capt. Inge, this command later becoming attached to the 10th Mis- 
sissippi regiment. Shortly after the battle of Shiloh, while engaged 
in a skirmish, he received a severe cannister wound in the leg and 
was subsequently confined in hospital qiaarters 4 months. He re- 
joined his command 3 days before the battle of Murfreesboro, at 
which he received a second wound in the same leg that had formerly 
been injured, and only 3 inches from the first wound. This again 
incapacitated him for a time, but on reporting for duty, he was 
promoted to sergeant, and following the battle of Chickamauga 
was assigned to the 20th Louisiana as a lieutenant, soon thereafter 
being made captain. Attached to the command of Gen. Randall L. 
Gibson, he participated in the noted operations of the army about 
Atlanta, and in July, 1864, became aide to that general, where he 
served until the surrender. Coming to New Orleans in Sept., 1865, 
he found employment as cashier for C. H. Slocum, later Slociim, 
Baldwin & Co. In 1873, after the death of Mr. Slocum, the firm 
became A. Baldwin & Co., to which Capt. Eustis was admitted to 
partnership, and in 1889 he became secretary and treasurer of the' 
corporation. Mr. Eustis served as one of the first members of the 
board of administration of Tulane university, the only public post 
he ever felt that his business activities would permit him to occupy. 
He left to his children the unsullied name of a gallant soldier and 
honorable business man. Allan Chotard Eustis received his early 
education in private schools in New Orleans. In 1896 he graduated 
from Tulane university with the degree of B. S., and in 1898 gradu- 
ated from Yale college with the degree of Ph. B. While at the 
latter school he made a special study of physiological chemistry, 
and following his graduation was appointed assistant in physiologi- 
cal chemistry at Columbia iniiversity, New York, for the school 
year of 1898-99. In Oct., 1899, he entered the medical department 
of Tidane university, and graduated in 1903, having served 2 years 
as interne in Charity hospital. Shortly thereafter he became assist- 
ant city chemist, and also a teacher in physiological chemistiy at 
Tulane, remaining in this connection until 1906, at the same time 
doing a general practice in the city. During the yellow fever epi- 
demic in New Orleans in 1905, he was acting assistant surgeon in 
the United States marine hospital and public health service, having 
charge of the Eighth ward. While busied with his later studies and 
tutorial duties at Tulane, Dr. Eustis also conducted a commercial 



BIOGRAPHICAL 157 

laboratory, in which he was associated with Prof. A. L. Mctz, under 
the firm name of Metz & Eustis. Dr. Eustis perfected and improved 
a process for extracting oil from cotton seed, by which both a 
larger percentage and better grade could be produced. As a result 
of this discovery, he organized in 1906, The Nutriline Feed & Od 
Co to engage in extracting oil from cotton seed under the im- 
proved method. This business promised large success, but during 
the financial disturbance of 1907-08, when numbers of corporations 
and individuals alike found their collateral unavailing for the 
needs of commerce, the company was forced into the hands ot a 
receiver and Dr. Eustis lost all he had previously made. He then 
moved to Abbeville, La., and there remained m the practice ot 
medicine until 1911, in which year he went to Vienna as assistant 
to Prof Von Noorden, specializing in dietetics and nutrition. He 
returned to New Orleans and resumed practice, being immediately 
called to the place of clinical assistant in medicines at Tulane uni- 
versity, and in June, 1913, he was appointed assistant professor ot 
dietetics Dr Eustis has been a frequent contributor to the techni- 
cal literature of his profession, and is the author of the following 
published works: "The Decomposition Products of Neurokeratin, 
''The Etiology of Pemphigus," "Rectal Alimentation, Volvulus 
of Intestines Complicating Typhoid Fever," "A New Method as an 
Aid to the Diagnosis of Renal Impairment, Based Upon the Nitro- 
gen Content of the Blood," "A Case of Pemphigus Vulgaris, with 
Some Observations on its Bacteriology," "Acute Spasmodic 
Asthma as Evidence of Autointoxication," "Distribution of Uncin- 
ariasis in Louisiana," "The Importance of Regulating the Diet m 
the Treatment of Diseases," "Splanchnoptosis," "Report of a Case 
of Traumatic Aneurism of Brachial Artery, Endoaneurismorrh- 
aphy " "The Dietetic Treatment of High Blood Pressure, 
"Further Evidence in Support of the Toxic Pathogenesis of Bron- 
chial Asthma, Based Upon Experimental Research," "The Deter- 
mination of the Functional Activity of the Liver as Indicated by 
the Presence of Urobilinogen in the Urine," "On the Toxicity of 
Guinea Pig Urine and its Relation to Anaphylaxis," "On the 
Physiological Action of some of the Amines produced by Intestinal 
Putrefaction," "Solubilities and Action of Betaimidazolylethyhamm 
and its Relation to Asthma and Anaphylaxis," "Biochemical Rea- 
sons Why Free Purgation is Necessary in Combating Acidosis ot 
Diabetes; Results of Clinicochemical Observations," "Acidosis: 
Two Types Demonstrable — An Ednogenous and an Exogenous, 
"The Proper Diet in the Tropics, With Some Pertinent Remarks on 
the Use of Alcohol," "Improved Technic for Blood-Counts: Rjipid 
Method for Securing Exact Amount of Suspension," "The Medical 
Aspects of Intestinal Stasis," "Diabetes Mellitus and its Differ- 
entiation from Alimentary Glycosuria," "Investigation of Louisi- 
ana Rice with Reference to the Etiology of Beriberi," "Malta Fever 
in Louisiana : Report of a Positive Case in a Series of Forty-six Ag- 
glutination Tests with Microbacillus Melitensis," "Report of a Case 
of Long-standing Amebic Abscess of Liver and Lung : Cured by the 
Intramuscular Injection of Emetine Hydrochloride." Dr. Eustis 
has been a member of the Alpha Tau Omega and Phi Chi fraterm- 



158 LOUISIANA 

ties. He is a Republican and a member of the Protestant Episcopal 
church. Oct. 27, 1903, Dr. Allan Enstis was married to Miss Adele 
Brittin. They have 2 children, Allan Chotard, Jr., born August 28, 
1904, and Brittin Cartright, born Nov. 30, 1905. Mrs. Eustis is a 
daughter of Abe and Emma (Shaw) Brittin, of New Orleans. 

Eubank, Dillard Price, notary public, and of D. P. Eulmnk 
Realty Co., 507-8 Commercial National Bank building, Shreveport, 
La., was born at Winchester, Clark county, Ky., Feb. 21, 1877, son 
of W. Z. and Miriam (Weaver) Dubank, the former of whom is a 
native of the locality in which the son was born and still resides at 
Winchester, Ky. The paternal grandfather, Achilles Eubank, also 
was born in Clark county, Ky., where his ancestors settled on com- 
ing from Virginia. The mother was a native of Clark county, Ky., 
and a daughter of John Weaver, of Irish ancestry. She died when 
the son, Dillard Price Eubank, was about 2 years old. Three sons 
were born to the parents, being, in order of birth, Achilles, Dillard 
Price, aiid Ambrose E. The first and thii-d sons are both practicing 
physicians of Kansas City, Mo. Dillard Price Eubank passed his 
boyhood and youth at the town of Winchester, wherein he was 
born, and there attended the public schools, later attended Ken- 
tucky Wesleyan college. On attaining his 21st year he went to 
Kansas City, Mo., and became connected with the Devoe & Rej^- 
nolds Paint Co., which connection was continued until the year 
1904, at which time he became associated with the Davidson & Wall 
Paper Co., of the same city, and remained with this house about 2 
years. March 20, 1907, he located at Shreveport, La., and became 
secretary and treasurer of the Caddo Abstract Co., remaining in- 
cumbent of this important position until the early part of the 
year 1910, when he resigned to accept the office of deputy clerk 
of the district court, criminal division, at Shreveport. In June, 
1911, he retired from this office to enter the real estate business as 
head of the firm of the D. P. Eubank Realty Co., and to this busi- 
ness he has since devoted his undivided attention, handling all 
kinds of real estate, oil lands, and leases. Mr. Eubank is president 
of the Shreveport Real Estate exchange, and is a stockholder and 
director in the Bank of Vivian, La. In 1910 Mr. Eubank was mar- 
ried to Miss Mabel Williams, a daughter of Capt. W. H. Williams, 
of Shreveport. Capt. Williams is a native of Wales. Mr. and Mrs. 
Eubank have 3 children, Letitia, Virginia, and William R. Mr. 
Eubank is affiliated with the Baptist church and the Masonic fra- 
ternity, being a Knight Templar and a Noble of the Mystic Shrine. 
He is also a member of the I. O. 0. F., all of his memberships being 
in the city of Shreveport. 

Favrot, Henry Louis, lawyer, author and statesman, is a native 
son of Louisiana. He was born in West Baton Rouge parish, July 
21, 1864, and is a son of Henry M. and Celestine (Dubroca) Favrot, 
who were born also in West Baton Rouge. Mr. Favrot 's paternal 
grandfather, Louis Favrot, was born in New Orleans in 1788 and 
died in West Baton Rouge in 1876. He was a son of Claude Joseph 
Favrot, who come from France to this country about 1727 as a 
lieutenant in the king's service. He went through a succession of 
promotions, and in 1765, when Louisiana passed from French to 



BIOGRAPHICAL 159 

Spanish control, he went ovei- to the Spanish military service and 
bore a prominent pai't in military affairs, served under Gov. Bar- 
nardo de Galvez and was in command of artillery at the siege of 
Fort Baton Rouge in 1779, which resulted in the defeat of the 
British, who surrendered the fort. Later when Prance transferred 
Louisiana to the United States, having acquired the territory from 
Spain, Claude Joseph Favrot was in command of the fort, at the 
Balize, or mouth of the river, and drew the transfer papers, the 
original copies of which are now in possession of Mr. Henry L. 
Favrot. He then became a citizen of the United States, became 
a member of the Louisiana legislature and while serving in that 
capacity was chosen, because of his military experience, as a mem- 
ber of the advisory committee on the defense of New Orleans in 
1814-15. He had a sister who married Gen. De Clouct. He was 
the father of 3 sons and 3 daughters. None of the daughters ever 
married. One of the sons, Phileogene Favrot, became judge of 
West Baton Rouge parish and was killed in a duel in 1819. He was 
succeeded on the bench by his brother, Louis Favrot, who after- 
ward resigned to enter the practice of medicine, which he had 
previously studied. The other son of Claude Joseph Favrot was 
Bouvier Favrot, who served with distinction as a captain in the 
Mexican war. Henry M. Favrot, the father of Henry L. Favrot, was 
born in West Baton Rouge parish, in 1826, and died there in 1887. 
He served as a member of the Louisiana legislature in the 50 's and 
was an ardent Union man. Although he opposed secession he cast 
his lot with the Confederacy and became captain of a company 
known as the Delta rifles, of the 4th Louisiana infantry, and served 
throughout the entire war. He participated in the battle_ of Sliiloh, 
was stricken with typhoid fever at Corinth and later returned to 
New Orleans to convalesce. Afterward he was sent to northern 
Virginia with rank of colonel to gather all the records of the army 
of northern Virginia. This he did and remained in active service 
till the close of hostilities, when he returned home on mule-back, 
bringing with him the army rec:.rds he was sent to compile. He 
was a graduate of the law department of the Louisiana univei'sity 
and after the war engaged in the practice of law. He was a mem- 
ber of the Louisiana Constitutional convention in 1879 and served 
as superintendent of education in his local community, in which 
latter capacity he was succeeded by his son, Henry L. Favrot. He 
was the father of 5 sons and 2 daughters. Henry Louis Favrot, the 
eldest son of Henry M. Favrot, was reared in West Baton Rouge 
and in 1884 graduated from the Louisiana state university. When 
the Spanish-American war came on he was a captain in the Louisi- 
ant militia, and into that war he went out as adjutant of the 
2d Louisiana infantry, and later became adjutant of the 2d brigade 
under the command of Gen. Gordon, still later adjutant of the 1st 
brigade under Gen. Wheaton and Col. Wood. He went with his 
command to Cuba; came back and was mustered out of the service 
in 1899. Mr. Favrot was admitted to the bar in 1889, and after 
the close of his military service in the Spanish-American war he 
resumed the practice of law at New Orleans. He was elected state 
senator in 1904, reelected in 1908 and again in 1912, as a Democrat. 



160 LOUISIANA 

Senator Favrot has won for himself an enviable record as a mem- 
ber of the state senate and is held in highest esteem as a public 
official. In his profession Mr. Favrot is specializing in the subjects 
of bonds and drainage. He is regarded as authority on drainage 
laws on which he has written and published several treatises. He 
has also contributed several historical productions of much literary 
value, which include hi.s "Acadian Sketches," published in Acadian 
dialect. In 1902 Mr. Favrot married Miss Marie L. Richmond, of 
Savannah, Ga. 

Feingold, Marcus, New Orleans, physician, born in Roumania, 
July 17, 1871, educated in the schools of Austria, later entered Uni- 
versity of Vienna, from which he graduated with the degree of 
M. D. in 1896. In 1897 came to America and located in New Or- 
leans, where he has since resided and engaged in the practice of his 
profession, limiting his practice to diseases of the eye ; is a member 
of the parish, state and national medical societies; a member of 
the staff of the Charity hospital and Touro infirmarj', and since 
1906 professor of ophthalmology in Tulane university. 

Ferrell, L. C, founder and present conductor of Ferrell's Pre- 
paratory school, New Orleans, La., is a son of Col. C. B. and INIis- 
souri (Wilkinson) Ferrell, of Lagrange, Ga., and easily traces his 
paternal ancestry back to the time of William the Conqueror, in 
the stirring and historic events of whose interesting career Baron 
Ferrell participated. The sword worn by L. C. Ferrell's paternal 
grandfather, and wielded with telling effect in the cause of Ameri- 
can independence, in the war of the Revolution, is now a cherished 
memento reposing in the Smithsonian institution at Washington, 
D. C. The paternal grandfather was a , large planter and slave 
owner. Col. C. B. Ferrell, the father, was representative of the 
best type of the gallant Confederate soldier. At the beginning of 
the Civil war he was one among the very first men to enli-st, and 
never did he entertain the most fleeting thought of returning home 
until his superior officers had .surrendered and there no longer 
was any chance of wielding his arms toward upholding the gov- 
ernment of the Southern confederacy. Throughout the term of the 
war he served with conspicuous gallantry under that dashing and 
unconquerable Confederate cavalry leader. Gen. Forrest. On the oc- 
casion of his last visit to the city of New Orleans, Gen. Stephen D. 
Lee spoke in the highest terms of Col. Ferrell, whom he personally 
knew. The Ferrell family in America emanates from the state of 
Georgia, from which commonwealth L. C. Ferrell removed to Mont- 
gomery, Ala., in the days of his youth and there resided until the 
time of taking up his residence in Louisiana. In his j'outh L. C. 
Ferrell determined to become a lawyer, and by vigorous application 
prepared himself for that profession, which he was ready to enter 
at a time when his years did not yet allow of his admis-sion to the 
bar. Being told that he was too young, the aspiring apostle 
of Blaekstone turned to teaching, and after a year passed in in- 
structing others, returned to the profession of his first choice and 
was admitted to practice before the supreme court. He at once 
launched into the practice of law, but his zeal in application to his 
law books was such that after 6 months his eyes failed, and physi- 



BIOGRAPHICAL 161 

cians advised him to abandon the legal profession. Being denied 
the law, he turned again to teaching, and going to Houma, La., he 
taught uninterruptedly during 5 years. This was a particularly 
trying field of endeavor, and one calling for the exercise of rare 
qilalities if success was to be realized. It is said that when Mr. 
Ferrell took charge of that school not one of the 60 boys in at- 
tendance could speak a word of English, properly related. That 
section was known generally as being distinctly French, but be- 
fore Mr. Ferrell left there English had become the language of the 
people, and the citizens, recognizing the wonderfully efficient influ- 
ence of the rising young teacher, made most flattering offers to him 
to remain with them, but his eyes were fixed upon other fields and 
his plans already made, and bidding adieu to the friends who had 
loyally cooperated with him in his faithful labors of the past 5 
years,' he went to Donaldsonville, where he established and became 
principal of the Donaldsonville academy, which he managed with 
the most gratifying success during several succeeding years. While 
at Donaldsonville Mr. Ferrell was married to Miss Jean Hanson, a 
daughter of R. T. Hanson, a prominent sugar planter, and 2 chil- 
dren have been born to their union, namely, Hanson D., and Miss 
Jean. Shortly following his marriage Mr. Ferrell removed to New 
Orleans and established his private school for boys. Again, within 
a brief time, the success of this institution became markedly evi- 
dent. Though he opened his school with 25 boys in attendance, 
he turned away applicants who could not be accommodated during 
the first term of the school, and within a short time it had become 
apparent to the patrons of the school — always increasing — that 
here was an instructor destined to play an important part in 
picking and preparing young men for the conquests of college years 
and the duties and obligations of citizenship and life. As the 
years have passed, the fame of Ferrell 's private school for boj's 
has grown and spread until it permeates all adjacent regions and 
has become coextensive with a large part of the country. As far 
as this unusual success can be explained, it seems due, in the main, 
to the application of common sense methods backed by Mr. Ferrell 's 
native ability to manage boys, together with his unfailing energy 
and push. The school is deeply loyal and patriotic, and always 
lends a willing hand in adding its quota to the importance of the 
general display on occasions calling for uniformed and disciplined 
bodies of young men, and on such occasions Ferrell 's school is never 
found wanting in the appearance of its student body of cadets. Mr. 
Ferrell personally typifies the loyal spirit of Ferrell boys; he is 
the center from which that spirit radiates, and through hi.s rugged 
honesty of purpose and his even handed administration of justice 
among his boys, he holds the unqualified confidence and esteem of 
all who attend his school. It very soon become a matter of pride 
with new students entering the school that they have the privilege 
of participating in maintaining the high standard of excellence 
long since accorded to this institution. Mr. Ferrell stands in the 
relation of an unfailing friend to his boys, and this they soon realize 
and appreciate. Politically Mr. Ferrell is affiliated with the Demo- 
cratic party, and while his professional duties are such as to pre- 
III— 11 



162 LOUISIANA 

elude any general political activity, he yet regards it as of vital 
importance that he afford the boys within his care a rational 
example of the patriotic discharge of the duties and obligations of 
American citizenship, and for this leading reason he feels it par- 
ticularly incumbent upon him to take part in the selection of the 
best men to whom the duty of administering the laws shall be con- 
fided. With these considerations in mind, he has served as vice- 
president of his ward and as president of his precinct. He is a 
member of the Baptist church. It should be stated here that Mr. 
Perrell was educated in the ^tate of Alabama. His preceptors in 
the law were the respective members of the famous law firm of 
Clopton, Herbert & Chambers. Clopton afterwards became chief 
justice of Alabama, Herbert became secretary of the navy under 
Pres. Cleveland, and Chambers became chief justice of Samoa. Mr. 
Ferrell is affiliated with the Sons of the American Revolution and 
the Sons of Veterans. 

Fisher, Hugh C, attorney-at-law, Shreveport, La., was born in 
Montgomery, Ala., Nov. 18, 1883, the son of James F. and Ora 
Pauline (Conniff) Fisher. Native of ilichigan, Mr. Fisher, Sr., 
came to reside in Alabama in his boyhood. During the year 1898 
he removed to Louisiana, and engaged in mercantile business. Both 
he and his wife arc living. Hugh C. Fisher, only child, was edu- 
cated in the public schools of Montgomery and of Shreveport; at 
the University of Missouri, and Georgetown university, Washing- 
ton, D. C, graduating from the latter institution with the degree 
of bachelor of laws, in 1906. His first practice was in Shreveport, 
where he quickly achieved success as a general practitioner. He is 
now general and special counsel for several corporations. Mr. 
Fisher is a member of the Missouri state as well as the Louisiana 
state bar. He is affiliated with Elks lodge No. 122, Shreveport, and 
takes a lively interest in all matters touching the welfare of the 
community in which he is a leading spirit. 

Fisher, Dr. W. L., M. D., well-known and successful physician, 
of Lake Charles, La., was born at Franklinton, Washington parish. 
La., IMay 21, 1865, son of Benjamin Tony and Mary Elizabeth 
(Magee) Fisher, the former of whom was born in Louisiana and the 
latter in Mississippi. The mother died when the son was 4 years 
old. Benjamin Tony Fisher devoted his abilities to the vocation 
of a planter in Washington parish during a long, active and useful 
life. He died in 1913, at the advanced age of 86 yeai-s. W. L. 
Fisher was the sixth of 7 children born to his parents, as follows : 
B. F., Jr., J. M., Mary Elizabeth, G. W., Sarah S., the subject of 
this sketch, and M. P., only 4 of whom are now living, and all 
married. After the completion of his academic education in the 
schools of the locality in which he was born, he matriculated in the 
medical department of Tulane university, from which institution 
he graduated with the degree of M. D. in the class of 1895. During 
the succeeding 5 years he was engaged in the practice of medicine 
at Franklinton, but at the expiration of that time he moved his 
offices to Lake Charles, where he has since resided and given his 
undivided attention to the requirements of his profession. The 
Doctor is extensively known and enjoys a large practice. He is 



BIOGRiVPHICAL 163 

now serving his third term as coroner of Calcasieu parish. He is 
a member of the Baptist church and is affiliated with the Knights 
of the Maccabees and Woodmen of the World. November 27, 1895, 
Dr. Fisher was mai-ried to Elma Godwin, daughter of W. E. 
and Mary (Erwin) Godwin, of Oakdale, La., both of whom were 
natives of the state of Louisiana. The father was a farmer and in- 
terested in timber. Both parents are now deceased. To Dr. and 
Mrs. Fisher 8 children h^ve been born, namely : Mary V., Vira Elma, 
Robert Benjamin, Bonnie Lee, William L., Jr. (deceased) ; Willie 
Godwin, Jennings Bryan, and Blanche, all of whom reside at the 
parental home. 

Fleming, Walter Lynwood, histoi-ian, author, editor. Baton 
Rouge, La., was born at Brundige, Ala., April 8, 1874, son of Wil- 
liam LeRoy and Mary Love (Edwards) Fleming. In 1901 he ma- 
triculated at Columbia university, from which he graduated with 
the degree of Ph. D. in 1904. He was married to Miss* Mary 
Wright Boyd, of Auburn, Ala., Sept. 17, 1902. In his earlier days 
he followed the avocation of a farmer, until the year 1894, fol- 
lowing which he taught a school during 1894-96, when not in col- 
lege ; was instructor in history, English, and mathematics, 1896-97 ; 
assistant librarian, 1897-98; during 1899-1900 was engaged at the 
Alabama Polytechnic institute ; lecturer in history at Columbia uni- 
versity, 1902-03; professor of history in West Virginia university 
from 1903 to 1907 ; since the latter date connected with the faculty 
of Louisiana state university. Prof. Fleming was an officer of the 
3d Alabama Volunteer infantry during 1898-99, and served with 
the troops during the Spanish-American war. During the latter 
part of this time he served as quartermaster of the field hospital 
corps, 2d division 4th army corps, 1899. The Professor is affiliated 
with the Democratic party. He is a member of the Alabama, Louis- 
iana, Mississippi, and Mississippi Valley Historical societies, Ameri- 
can Historical association, American Political Science association. 
National Geographical society, and various other similar organiza- 
tions. He is one of the editortj of the Historians' History of the 
World; editor Lester & Wilson's History of the Ku Klux Klan, 
1905; Documentary History of Reconstruction (2 volumes), 1906- 
07 ; editor-in-chief of section 5, The South in the Building of the 
Nation (12 volumes) ; contributor of historical articles to Encyclo- 
pedia Americana, Encyclopedia Brittannica, Nelson's Encyclo- 
pedia, Cyclopedia of American Government, Photograpliic History 
of the Civil War, and a contributor of historical papers and reviews 
to various publications. Prof. Fleming is now engaged in research 
work in connection with American social and economic history, 
especially in the Southern states, and has in course of preparation 
a biography of Jefferson Davis. He is author of Reconstruction of 
the Seceded States, 1905 ; Civil War and Reconstruction in Ala- 
bama, 1905; History of Louisiana State University, 1911; William 
Tecumseh Sherman as College President, 1912. Prof. Fleming 
resides at Baton Rouge, La. 

Ford, William Mason, one of Shreveport's progressive business 
men, engaged in the insurance business, was born in this city, Dec. 
30, 1875. He is a son of the late Richard W. Ford, who was a 



164 LOUISIANA 

native of Alabama, from which state he removed with his father 
to Gilmer, Tex., when he was a mere boy. He grew to manhood in 
the Lone Star state and with the coming on of the Civil war cast 
his lot with the Confederacy and served as a gallant soldier. Just 
after the close of the war, Richard W. Ford became a clerk in a 
mercantile house at Shreveijort. A while later he became a mem- 
ber of the firm of Gregg & Ford, general merchants and cotton 
factors, with which he was identified until his death, which oc- 
curred in 1880. He was a successful business man and a prominent 
factor in commercial life of Shreveport, where he was held in 
highest esteem as a citizen. He was an active member of the 
Masonic fraternity and in public measures manifested a spirit of 
progress. In Marshall, Tex., he married Josephine Mason, whose 
father was a prominent lawyer and planter in Texas, where his 
daughter was born. Five children were born unto Richard W. 
Ford and wife, namely, Hattie, the wife of J. D. Hereford, of Dal- 
las, Tex. ; James P., a prominent business man and citizen of New 
Orleans; Richard W., Jr., who died at the age of 26 years; William 
Mason, whose name introduces this personal sketch, and Josephine 
(Josie), wife of R. C. Townes, of Phillips, Miss. The Methodist 
Episcopal church was the faith of the parents. The mother is now 
residing in Shrevepoi't. William Mason Ford was reared in his 
native city, where he was educated in Thatcher's Military institute. 
Closing his school days, Mr. Ford spent the next 3 years of his life 
as a mercantile clerk in Shreveport. He then engaged, Jan. 1, 1896, 
in the fire insurance business with the fii'm of Jas. P. Ford & Co., 
now Penick & Ford Insurance Agency, of which W. S. Peniek is 
president ; J. P. Ford, vice-president, and William M. Ford, secre- 
tary, treasurer and manager. Mr. Ford, since becoming identified 
with this firm has been its general manager and under his manage- 
ment the company has experienced a rapid increase of business and 
today ranks among the leaders of northern Louisiana in the field of 
fire insurance. Mr. Ford is a member of the Shreveport Golf and 
Country club and the Presbyterian church. In 1905 he married 
Miss Cornelia Ahlum, a native of New Jersey. 

Pormento, William Joseph, lawyer and notary, was born in the 
city of New Orleans, Feb. 26, 1869, and is a son of the late distin- 
guished physician and surgeon, Felix Formento. His mother bore 
the maiden name of Celestine Voorhies. His father was born in 
New Orleans, March 16, 1837, and died here on the 4th of June, 1907, 
and was a son of Dr. Felix and Palmire (Lauve) Formento. The 
senior Dr. Formento was born in Turin, Italy, and graduated in 
Medicine at the Royal academy at Turin, and then came to this 
country in company with Jean Lafitte, a prominent character in 
early Louisiana history. He settled in New Orleans, where he 
practiced mi>dicine and surgery with success until just after the 
Civil war, then I'eturning to his native land, where he died at the 
age of 98 years. His son, the junior Dr. Felix Formento, also grad- 
uated in medicine from Royal academy of Turin, and was other- 
wise highly educated, being able to speak 6 languages. He served 
in the Austrian and Italian war on the medical corps of the Italian 
emperor; later took a postgraduate course in the University of 



BIOGRAPHICAL 165 

Paris, and then returned to New Orleans on the outbreak of the 
war of secession, in which lie served with distinction as a sur- 
geon. He aided in the organization of the Confederate hospital at 
Richmond, Va., and at the age of 24 was chief of staff for this hos- 
pital. The war closed, Dr. Formento located in New Orleans, where 
he rose to prominence in his profession. For 12 years he was vice- 
president of the Louisiana state board of health ; was the author of 
"School Hygiene," "Abuse of Alcoholic Drinks" and other valu- 
able publications. He was a recognized authority and expert in 
the treatment of yellow fever ; was a vice-president of the interna- 
tional medical congress held at Geneva, Italy, and was president 
of the American Public Health association at a meeting held in 
Mexico in 1894. He was a pioneer in the matter of skin-grafting, 
performing his first skin-grafting during the Civil war. His 
wife was a daughter of Bennett Pcmberton Voorhies and Aze- 
lia (Gradenigo) Voorhies. The Voorhies family is of Dutch 
origin, came from the state of New York to Louisiana, and 
is one of the most prominent of this state. The Gradenigo 
family is Venetian in origin, and has long been a prominent 
Louisiana family. Celestine (Voorhies) Formento was born in 
Louisiana. William Joseph Formento, who name introduces 
this sketch, was reared in New Orleans, where he received 
his preliminary education preparatory to entering the University 
of Louisiana. Later he attended for 2 years the University of New 
York, and then entered Springhill college (Alabama), from which 
he received his degree of A. B. in 1889, and his degree of A. M. in 
1891. From Tulane university Mr. Formento obtained the degree 
of bachelor of laws in 1892, since which date he has practiced law 
in New Orleans. Mr. Formento has never sought political prefer- 
ment. In politics he is a Democrat, but is not a partisan. He is 
a member of the Roman Catholic church and of the Chess, Check- 
ers and Whist club. In 1908 Mr. Formento and Miss Laurence 
Lange were united in marriage. 

Fort, Dr. Abbott K., D. D. S., Lake Charles, La., was born in 
Mobile county, Ala., Axig. 5, 1875; son of Almanza and Jane (Tip- 
pin) Fort, the former of whom was born in Alabama and the latter 
in Mississippi. In early life the father was interested in timber 
transactions, but later became a planter, to which vocation he is 
at this time devoting his abilities, living at Grand Bay, Ala. His 
wife died in 1906. The ancestors of the Fort family in Louisiana 
came originally from North Carolina. Abbott K. Fort was the 
last of 4 children born to his parents, these being, in order of their 
birth, as follows: L. L., merchant; M. A., physician; Dora, wife of 
J. F. Sellers of Macon, Ga., president of Mercer university of that 
place ; Abbott K. Fort, the subject of this sketch. The 2 first 
named reside at Grand Bay, Ala. The last-named attended the pub- 
lic schools of the locality in which he was born, following which 
he entered Mississippi college, Clinton, Miss., from which in due 
time he gi-aduated. Later he entered Atlanta (Ga.) Dental college, 
from which he graduated with the degree of D. D. S. in the class of 
1895. Following the completion of his education he passed 3 or 4 years 
as a teacher in the college, after which he practiced 1 year in Mis- 



166 LOUISIANA 

sissippi. Ill 1901 he located at Lake Charles and has been engaged 
in dental practice in that city since that time. Dr. Fort is a mem- 
ber of the Louisiana State Dental and the National Dental societies, 
the Southern Dental and the International Dental associations, 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks and the Baptist church 
at Lake Charles. Dr. Fort is not married at this time. 

Fortier, Edward Joseph, was born in New Orleans, La., on Dec. 
9, 1SS3, the son of the late distinguished professor and educator, 
Alcee Fortier, who for 35 years occupied the chair of romance lan- 
guages at Tulane universitj-, and of Marie Lanauze, daughter of a 
well-known New Orleans merchant. From this union were born 
4 other children : James J. A., a prominent young lawyer ; J. Frank 
and CTilbert J., Tulane university students, and 1 daughter, Jeanne. 
On Sept. 11, 1906, the subject of this sketch was mai-ried to Marie 
Tricou of an old Louisiana family. On March 3, 1912, in New York 
city, there was born to them a daughter, Alida-Marie, who is the 
8th generation in direct line from the St. Malo colonists born 
in the United States, and the first in that long line to be born out- 
side of Louisiana. After attending French private schools in New 
Orleans, Edward J. Fortier was prepared for college at L. C. Fer- 
rell's preparatory school and entered Tulane university in 1900, 
where he was graduated in 1904 with the degree of bachelor of arts. 
Immediately after he began bettering himself for his life's work, 
namely, that of teaching. Under the guidance, among others, of 
Profs. A. jM. Elliott and E. C. Armstrong, he pursued higher studies 
for 2 years in romance languages at the Johns Hopkins university, 
after which he formally entered into the career of an educator, fol- 
lowing in the footsteps of his distinguished father, by being called 
to Yale to teach French. Rising rapidly to a higher rank in his 
chosen profession, Mr. Fortier was called to the University of Illi- 
nois, where he taught French for 3 years and devoted some of his 
leisure time to further studies in old French with Prof. Raymond 
Weeks. He was then called again to the East and accepted a posi- 
tion of great importance at Columbia university, where he is now 
located and Avhere ho has done special research work under Profs. 
Cohn and Todd. His success there has been so marked that he 
has been offered numerous positions in vai-ious institutions of learn- 
ing, 2 of which are in the South. Mr. Fortier has taught French at 
Notre Dame of Maryland and in the Tulane Summer school, giving 
in both these institutions short courses of 6 and 9 weeks, respect- 
ively. He is a frequent lecturer in outside institutions and during 
the la.st summers of 1913 and 1914 he has lectured on French litera- 
ture at the Lake Champlain Summer assembly, which is better 
known as the Catholic Summer school of America. Besides his 
teaching and further research, he has held numerous positions of 
trust at the various miiversities with which he had been connected. 
At Yale he was secretary of the Modern Language club and mem- 
ber of the executive committee of the Connecticut Modern Lan- 
guage association. At Illinois he was secretary of the faculty of lit- 
erature and arts and secretary of the modern language department 
and faculty director of the French club and college adviser to stu- 
dents. At Columbia, college adviser of students and in charge of 



BIOGRAPHICAL 167 

honor work in the romance department, a member of the Romance 
Language club and a member of other literary societies. He has 
read papers at meetings of the Modern Language association of 
America held at the University of Ohio, also papers at the meetings 
held at the Universities of Chicago and Iowa. He has published in 
the transactions of the Illinois State Historical association a paper 
based ujjon hitherto unpublished French letters: "The Founding of 
the Tamanois Mission"; he presented a long monograph at the 
first congress of French lettei-s held in Quebec in 1912, at which 
memorable gathering there were delegates from all the French 
speaking sections of Amei-ica. This monograph, somewhat enlarged, 
is about to appear under the title, "French Letters in Louisiana," 
in the transactions "of the congress. He is now preparing a book 
on the French literature of Louisiana. He has read several papers 
at various special meetings of Romance Language clubs in various 
universities. Among various activities, he is reader in French for 
the college entrance examination board; contributing editor to the 
French review, "Le Pense de France"; official delegate to the 
"Federation de 1 'Alliance Franeaise" ; member of the Tulane Alumni 
association; Phi Delta Theta fraternitj^; Modern Language asso- 
ciation of America; Louisiana State Historical society; Columbia 
"University Faculty club, and a subscriber to a proposed American 
national biography, and to numerous reviews on literary and peda- 
gogical subjects. Now 31 years of age, Mr. Fortier occupies an 
enviable position among the members of his profession. His rise 
has been rapid and his reputation as a scholar is already firmly 
established in the literary world. 

Fortier, James Joseph Alcee, was born on July 15, 1890, in New 
Orleans, and is the second son of the late noted educator and his- 
torian, Alcee Fortier, and of Marie Lanauze, daughter of Adolph 
Lanauze, a prominent figure in the commercial activities of New 
Orleans in the sixties. After obtaining his early education at a 
private school and at the College of the Immaculate Conception the 
subject of this sketch entered the Tulane university of Louisiana 
and in 1909 obtained the degree of bachelor of arts. Having 
chosen the law as his profession, he entered the law department 
of Tulane, securing the degree of bachelor of laws in May, 1912, 
although he had already been admitted to the bar in December of 
1911. Prior to his graduation, during the recesses of Tulane, Mr. 
Fortier pursued courses in other universities, studying government 
and constitutional law at Harvard in the summer of 1908, and tak- 
ing special courses in bankruptcy and property at the Columbia 
university law school in 1910. As a student Mr. Fortier was very 
active in all matters appertaining to student activities and was one 
of the most prominent among his college mates. He began to practice 
his profession in the office of Congres.sman Dupre and of Mr. G. L. 
Dupre, Jr. (Dupre & Dupre), where he remained until March, 1913, 
when he formed a partnership with Mr. Abner C. Chappuis and Mr. 
J. C. Menefee under the name of Chappuis, Menefee & Fortier, with 
offices in the Weis building. Sept. 2, 1913, Mr. Fortier was mar- 
ried by Archbishop Blenk to Marie Rose Gelpi, a member of a 
very prominent old Creole family of New Orleans. Interested in 



168 LOUISIANA 

many fields of activity, Mr. Fortier has been a member of the fac- 
ulty of the Tulane university of Louisiana, where he taught for 
4 years, at the same time being one of the leaders in the athletic 
matters of the university and president of the Tulane Athletic asso- 
ciation and a member of the Tulane Alumni association, as well 
as a member of the Phi Delta Theta fraternity, of the Legal fra- 
ternit}'. Phi Delta Phi, and of the Theta Nu Epsilon society. Inter- 
ested also in literary matters, he is a member of the Athenee Louis- 
ianais, a society of which his father was president for many years, 
and which has rendered great services to the French cause, which 
Mr. James Fortier, like his father, has greatly at heart, belonging 
as he does to "L 'Union Franeaise" and "Le Souvenir Franeais. " 
Interested in history, he is a very active member of the Louisiana 
Historical society and is the secretary of the general committee of 
this society to celebrate the anniversary of the Battle of New Or- 
leans in Jan., 1915. In civic affairs he is now a member of the 
Association of Commerce and of the executive committee of the Pub- 
lic School alliance. In politics, Mr. Fortier was the secretary of the 
recent successful congressional campaign of Congressman Dupre. 
The duties of the legal profession and his membership in the Louis- 
iana Bar association, along with his political and other numerous 
activities in which he is interested, make Mr. Fortier one of the 
prominent young men of this community. 

Fortier, Amedee, of New Orleans and Jefferson pai-ish, rice 
planter, was born Dec. 1, 1851, at Waggaman, parish of Jefferson, 
Louisiana, the son of Eugene and Noelie (Drouet) Fortier, both 
natives of the parish of Jefferson and owners of the plantation 
which is still in the possession of their descendants. Eugene Fortier 
was a soldier in the Southern army during the Civil war of 1861-65, 
having served as a gunner in the Pelican battery, and having been 
in several battles, among which were those of Bisland, Mansfield 
and Pleasant Hill. His father, Eugene Fortier, and his wife's 
father, Edmond Drouet, were with the Louisiana troops that formed 
part of the army under Gen. Andrew Jackson at the battle of New 
Orleans in 1815, when the British invaders, commanded by Gen. 
Pakenham, were defeated by the American forces. Amedee Fortier 
completed his education at Jefferson college, Convent, parish of St. 
James, Louisiana. After leaving college he returned to Jefferson 
parish and engaged in rice planting. He has followed that occupa- 
tion ever since on the old homestead. Mr. Fortier married, Aug. 25, 
1875, Miss Louise Soniat, daughter of Theodore and Amenaide (La 
Branehe) Soniat of Jefferson parish. Some years after his mar- 
riage Mr. Fortier moved his family to New Orleans in order to 
attend to the ediication of his children, still continuing to attend 
to his rice planting. Mr. and Mrs. Fortier have 6 children — Louise' 
jM., wife of W. J. Nelson of iVIoliile, Ala. ; Noelie, Amenaide, Edvige; 
Eugene L., whose record is published in this volume, and Lucicn A., 
who is a physician, residing in New Orleans. Mr. Fortier has always 
been a nu^mber of the Democratic party, and in religion is a follower 
of the Roman Catholic faith. He is affiliated with the order of the 
Knights of Honor. 

Fortier, Eugene L., D. D. S., of New Orleans, was born in 



BIOGRAPHICAL 169 

Jefferson parish, La., Feb. 23, 1887, the son of Amedee and Louise 
(Soniat) Fortier, both natives of the parish of Jefferson. Amedee s 
father, Eugene Fortier, and mother, Noelie (Drouet) Fortun-, were 
descendants of the French colonial settlers of Louisiana. The sub- 
ject of this sketch after studying in private and public schools, 
including the University school of New Orleans, from which he 
graduated, entered the New Orleans College of Dentistry. He 
received his diploma and degree of D. D. S. in 1908, and immediately 
began the practice of his profession. Dr. Fortier is lecturer in the 
dental department of Tulane university. In politics he is a Demo- 
crat, and in religion a Roman Catholic. (For ample information 
about Dr. Fortier 's family, see the biography of'his father, Amedee, 

in this book.) ^ , , . , t 

Fortier, James P., D. D. S., of Thibodaux, Lafourche parish. La., 
was born in Donaldsonville, Ascension parish, Aug. 4, 1886, the son 
of James J. Fortier, a native of that town (Nov. 8, 1859), and 
Ludivine (Maillet) Fortier, who was born in Donaldsonville, Sept. 
15, 1860. Both are living at. the place of their birth. The Fortier 
family history in Louisiana begins with the early French colonial 
period of the state, only a few years after Bienville founded the city 
of New Orleans in the beginning of the 18th century. From 
pioneer days to the present time the Fortiers have been closely 
identified with the best interests of Louisiana, and have distin- 
guished themselves in the public, professional life of New Orleans 
and of the state. Lestang and Erma (Brand) Fortier, paternal 
grandparents of James P. Fortier, were natives of Donaldsonville ; 
and his maternal grandfather was born in Bordeaux, France. Les- 
tang Fortier was an officer in the Confederate army during the 
Civil war, 1861-1865, serving 3 years as lieutenant in a Louisi- 
ana regiment. He was, for many years, in mercantile business in 
Donaldsonville. The subject of this sketch having gone through 
his preliminary studies in his native town, attended St. Joseph's 
Commercial institute in Donaldsonville, and next studied at Je_f- 
ferson college, Convent, St. James parish, Louisiana, 1900-1905; 
the year following he entered Philadelphia Dental college, remain- 
ing there 2 years; then returning to Louisiana and mati'iculating 
in the New Orleans College of Dentistry, which now is part of 
Tulane university, and graduated with the degree of D. D. S. in 
1908. Dr. Fortier began practicing his profession in Donaldson- 
ville after his graduation, and in April, 1910, went to reside in 
Thibodaux. In professional and fraternal life the doctor is con- 
nected with the Louisiana State and the Third District Dental soci- 
eties, the Knights of Columbus, the Catholic Knights of America 
and with the dental fraternity. Gamma chapter, Xi Psi Phi. Fol- 
lowing modern methods in his professional work and having an 
office equipment strictly up to date. Dr. Fortier has taken rank 
with the able and distinguished dentists of the state of Louisiana. 
Feb. 1, 1912, he married Miss Nita Foret of Thibodaux, daughter of 
the late Justillan Foret and Eliska (Breaux) Foret, who were ex- 
tensively interested in sugar planting in Lafourche parish. Since 
the death of Mr. Foret the business has been conducted under the 
name of "Mrs. Justillan Foret and Sons." Dr. Fortier and wife 



170 LOUISIANA 

have one son, James P. Fortier, Jr., born Nov. 23, 1912. The family- 
are membere of the Roman Catholic church. 

Foster, James Martin, born in Monroe county, Ala., April 25, 
1831, was a son of Flaval and Mary (Hollingsworth) Poster, and 
when about 10 years of age was brought to Caddo parish. La., 
where his parents settled and the father engaged in planting. The 
son, James, completed his scholastic education at the Western Mili- 
tary institute, Drennon Springs, Ky., and after taking his diploma 
in civil engineering young Foster set about putting his theoretical 
knoM'ledge into practice hj entering the employ of a railroad, in 
the construction department. Not long after, yielding to the solici- 
tude of his parents, he returned to his home, where ho engaged in 
agricultural pursuits. Upon the death of his father in 1859, he 
assumed charge of the planting interests. When in 1861 the call 
to arms in defense of the South rang out through the land, his 
first impulse was to go to the front. His patriotism, his military 
training, his fitness for leadership, all pointed to a military career, 
but his brothers having joined the army, duty, ever the polar star 
of his conduct, bade him stay to look after the helpless and 
needy, the women and children, whose support had been taken from 
home. How faithfully he performed this duty is attested by the 
beneficiaries of his work. His plantation on the border line of 
Louisiana and Texas, was called the "New Egypt." Its bins and 
cribs were overflowing with corn, and the smokehouse bursting 
with bacon cured under his supervision. It was the Mecca of 
the poor and need}' for a circuit of many miles, and to them was 
given without money and without price. When Gen. Bank's army 
came up the Red river Mr. Foster was one of the foremost to 
shoulder a musket and go forward to meet the invaders. After 
the battle of Mansfield his home was a refuge for the sick and 
wounded soldiers, who were tenderly cared for until well enough 
to return to their homes. When the war ended, nothing daunted, 
he set about retrieving his fortunes. He became one^of the largest 
and mo.st successful cotton planters in the state of Louisiana. Asso- 
ciated with him in his plantation interests was his younger brother, 
the late Capt. C. J. Foster of Shreveport. They owned and oper- 
ated a vast tract of land in the rich Red River valley near Shreve- 
port, which embraced several fine plantations, and upon which 
they frequently made more than 3,000 bales of cotton in a single 
year. In private life he was a shrewd business man whose integ- 
rity, industry and thrift not only made him successful in every 
sense of the word, but also a man of great influence for good in 
his community. The name of Capt. James M. Foster, as he was 
familiarly known to all of his friends, will go down in the annals 
of Louisiana as one of the most powerful political factors who 
ever dwelt in tlie state, despite the fact that throughout his entire 
career he remained, out of choice, in practical retirement, accept- 
ing no public office of any kind, with the exception of a few minor 
trusts imposed on him by his fellow men, relating to the affairs 
of his parish and state, from the burden of which he had no desire 
to escape, believing it to be his duty as a citizen to assume and 
perform his full share of such responsibilities. He was one of the 




JaME!^ MaKTIN KilSTKK 




ELEANOR LONG FOSTER 



BIOGRAPHICAL 171 

best known men in Louisiana, wlio wielded an influence in the 
affairs of both the state and nation. He was a leader, who led 
men by wise counsel and with foresight and wisdom. He gave of 
his time and energies toward putting down the evils of the recon- 
struction davs following the Civil war; bore a prominent part in 
the long and bitter fight which resiilted in the downfall of the 
Louisiana Lottery company in 1892, in which he stood opposed to 
the lottery company. The story of his life, so strenuous m its en- 
deavor, so high in its ideals of right, so persistent in its loyalty 
to rectitude and country and to God, is a rich heritage to his fam- 
ily, his children and grandchildren. His life was diligent, many- 
sided in its activities, and never stopped growing and expanding 
until brought to an end by death, Dec. 11, 1900. In his domestic life 
Capt. Foster was equally fortunate and blessed. In 1859 he was 
married to Miss Eleanor Long. 

Foster, Mrs. James M., nee Eleanor Long, was one of the most 
distinguished and brilliant women of Louisiana. She was born 
at Natchitoches. Her father, Dr. William Long, was a native of 
Ireland and graduate of Trinity college, Dublin. Coming to Amer- 
ica before he had reached the age of 20, he graduated from a Phila- 
delphia medical college and, in early manhood, came to Louisiana 
and located in Natchitoches for the practice of medicine. Later 
he became extensively engaged in planting and merchandising at 
Natchitoches. He married there in 1840 Miss Emily C. Boggs, a 
native of Berkeley county, Va., and a member of a prominent 
Virginia family, being the daughter of the Rev. Dr. John Boggs, 
a distinguished Presbyterian divine and a graduate of Princeton 
university. On her maternal side, Mrs. Foster was a direct de- 
scendant" of Col. Ellis Cooke, who commanded a battalion in the 
Revolutionary war, and who was a warm personal friend of George 
Washington. Her mother died when she was a small child, and 
she and her only brother, John Long, were the tender charges, 
in their childhood, of a devoted aunt, who rendered valuable aid 
to Dr. Long in his care of his motherless children. When quite a 
young girl Mrs. Poster was sent to Mansfield college, then one of 
the leading institutions of the South. From this college she was 
graduated with distinguished honors. When barely 17 years of 
age she became the bride of the late James M. Foster, at that time 
a'^prominent young planter of Caddo parish. Mr. and Mrs. Foster 
lived for a number of years on the plantation, and 3 children were 
born unto them, and when the time came to think of their educa- 
tion the parents removed to Shreveport to live, and took up their 
abode at "Curraghmuir," the well-known Poster home, which was 
for years the center of delightful hospitality. Eleven children were 
borii unto Mr. and Mrs. Foster, and here at "Curraghmuir" Mrs. 
Poster "sang to her nest," devoting her time and wonderful tal- 
ents to the upbringing of her children, who were destined to be- 
come identified with the highest social and literary life of Louis- 
iana and other states. Mrs. Foster was a woman of many bril- 
liant accomplishments, whose keen wit and great social experience 
made her notable in any company. She was forceful and of a 
judicial temperament, yet not one of those unpleasantly aggres- 



172 LOUISIANA 

sive women. Her decision of character and modest insistence made 
it easy for her to accomplish her ends in her club work, at those 
periods of decided difference which sometimes arise. Hers was 
an influence always recognized in adjustment and pacification. 
Her services were not confined to local movements; she was well 
known in state and national assemblies. She addressed the Cxeorge 
Washington society as the president for Louisiana at its national 
meeting, and made a well remembered address in New York to 
the Sorosis club, of which she was a distinguished guest. She was 
the first president of Hypatia club, the first club established in 
North Louisiana, and the first president of the Federation of 
Women's clubs of Louisiana, the first regent of the Pelican chap- 
ter, D. A. R., of Shreveport, and she was the vice-state regent of the 
Daughters of the American Revolution. Mrs. Foster was an ardent 
Daughter of the Confederac}', and for a number of years she was 
president of the Home for the Homeless at Shreveport. Her great- 
est and proudest work was founding the Old Ladies ' home, and real- 
izing the crowning success of her efforts toward erecting the build- 
ing which now serves as their abiding place at Shreveport. It 
was at her request that generous donors made this home possible. 
She was closely connected with every literary, educational, civic 
and charitable enterpi-ise of her home city. She graced few social 
functions, as her charity and home work kept her wholly occupied, 
but whenever she did attend, no matter what the affair or its char- 
acter, she was always one of the accepted and honored guests. Like 
a grande dame of the olden times, she commanded attention with- 
out commanding it; she ruled without ruling. This remarkable 
woman and devoted mother of 11 children was an inspiration, a 
helper, broad in sympathy, optimistic in temperament, fair of 
face and mind and heart. In youth there stretched before her 
great promise which the fruitful years fulfilled. Hers was an 
urgent life, and she met its multitudinous demands with the cour- 
tesy of one to the manor born and the graciousness of the Christian 
gentlewoman. She died at her home, "Curraghmuir, " Nov. 16, 
1910. "She passed away like a beautiful flower, whose petals one 
by one drop at the touch of a summer zephyr." Like a tired child 
she crept into her Maker's arms. A bride at 17, a mother at 18, 
when she felt life slipping away from her she thought not of honor 
or glory or the passing show of this world; she said: "Let me 
have my children about me." When she had gathered them once 
again under her wings, the loving heart ceased its troubling and 
the spirit ascended up to the heights. Of her 11 children 4 died 
in childhood and 7 reached their majority and 5 .survive her. All 
of them have attained prominence in one or another walk of life, 
and all acknowledge their debt to her and the lessons they leanied 
at her knees. One of her sons, Claiborne Lee Foster, graduated at 
West Point in 1888 and died in 1890. He was one of 4 cadet cap- 
tains at the Academy of West Point. Another son, John Gray 
Foster, closely followed the death of his father in answering the 
summons of death. He was a brilliant young man of great promise. 
The elder of the 2 living sons is Hon. William Long Foster. He is 
the eldest of the 5 surviving children of Mrs. Foster. He is a 



BIOGRAPHICAL 173 

prominont cotton planter of Caddo parislr, and was formerly 
railroad commissioner for his district in Louisiana. A personal 
sketch of the younger son, now living — Hon. James M. Foster — 
immediately follows this of his mother. The three living daughters 
of Mrs. Poster are Lucille, the wife of former Governor Benton Mc- 
IMillin of Tennessee, who served for 20 years in Congress and was 
the author of the income tax law during President Cleveland's ad- 
ministration, and is now minister to Peru under the appointment 
of President Wilson; Mrs. M. E. Foster-Comegys, now residing in 
New York city, has 3 daughters who have histrionic talent; and 
T. Olive Foster, now living in Shreveport, and who looks after 
and manages a plantation which she inherited from her father. 

Foster, James M., a distinguished member of the Shreveport bar, 
and son of the late James M. and Eleanor (Long) Foster, was born 
in Shreveport, La., Jan. 28, 1871, and was educated in Thatcher's 
Militai'y academy at Shreveport, and after a 3 years' course in the 
academic department of the University of Virginia, entered the 
law department of Tulane university of Louisiana and graduated 
therefrom in 1893. Immediately after he began the practice of 
law at Shreveport. He served with credit as a member of the 
lower house of the Louisiana general assembly from 1900 to 1904, 
and in the latter year he was elected district attorney for the first 
judicial district, and held the position for 8 j-ears, his service in 
this office being such as to place him in the rank of the ablest 
of those who have served the state as a district attorney. In 1912 
he was a delegate to the national Democratic convention, and as 
the representative of Louisiana served as a member of the com- 
mittee that notified Woodrow Wilson of his nomination for Pres- 
ident. He was elected an alternate delegate to the national Demo- 
cratic convention in 1904, and in all the years of his manhood Mr. 
Foster has been active in behalf of the Democratic party. He is 
a member of the wholesale grocery firm of Foster-Glaswell of 
Shreveport and in the affairs, business, professional and public, in 
the city of Shreveport he is numbered among the progressive citi- 
zens. Fraternally Mr. Foster is a member of the Knights of Pyth- 
ias and the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, and his church 
faith is that of the Presbyterian. 

Friedrichs, Ephraim Deneufbourg, M. D., New Orleans, was 
born in New Orleans, La., March 3, 1877; of a family well known 
in Louisiana, his maternal ancestors being among the earliest resi- 
dents of the state. Son of the late George J. Friedrichs, M. D., 
D. D. S., and Louise Natalie Gaiennie ; the former practiced den- 
tistry and acquired an international reputation in his profession. 
Six children were born to their union, as follows : Andrew G., dean 
Tulane dental department; George G., real estate dealer; Carl C, 
an attorney; Ephraim D., Hickey and Camille, the 2 latter de- 
ceased. In the course of his education Ephraim D. Friedrichs at- 
tended the College of the Immaculate Conception, New Orleans, 
from which he graduated with the degree of A. B. Following 
the completion of his studies at this institution he entered the med- 
ical department of Tulane university, was an interne in the Touro 
infirmary, 1898-99, and graduated with the degree of M. D. in 



174 LOUISIANA 

the class of 1900, since which time the doctor has been actively- 
engaged in the practice of his profession in the city of New Orleans. 
Dr. Friedrichs was resident physician at the New Orleans sanitar- 
ium in 1904, resigned in 1907. He holds the position of clinical 
assistant to the chair of clinical surgery in the New Orleans poly- 
clinic (postgraduate medical school) ; is also an instructor in the 
department of obstetrics, Tulane university of Louisiana ; a member 
of the Louisiana State Medical society, Orleans parish, and Amer- 
ican Medical associations. Dr. P'riedrichs was married April 18, 
1912, to Miss Lillian Loeber, daughter of the late Dr. Frederick 
Loeber and Catherine Humbrect. Dr. Loeber was one of the most 
prominent surgeons of the state. 

FuUilove, Samford Christian, of Shreveport, is superintendent of 
public safety, and regarded as one of the leaders of the bar of 
North Louisiana. He was born Jan. 23, 1877, in Caddo pai-ish, the 
son of Thomas Pope and Elizabeth Jane (Samford) Fullilove. Since 
the year 1847 the Fullilove family has been established in Caddo 
parish, Thomas P. Fullilove and his father, James Greer Fulli- 
love, having emigrated from Georgia to engage in the planting busi- 
ness, in the Liberty Church neighborhood. The paternal grand- 
father of Samford C. was named John Fullilove, and was a native 
of Scotland, who came to the United States with a large number 
of his people to colonize Georgia. Mrs. Fullilove, mother of the 
subject of this sketch, was a native of the Eastern part of Alabama, 
daughter of "William F. Samford, of Irish descent. Six of the 10 
children that composed the family, of which Samford C. Fullilove 
was the 9th in order of birth, grew to maturity. His education 
was obtained in the public schools of Caddo parish and at the 
following institutions of learning: Centenary college, Jackson, La. 
(graduate, 1896) ; Columbian, now the George Washington univer- 
sity, Washington city (graduate in law, 1901) ; Tulane Law school 
(graduate, 1902) ; and after receiving his diploma from Tulane Mr. 
Fullilove retui'ned to Shreveport to practice his profession. The 
copartnership of Fullilove & Mills, attorneys, formed in 1902, was 
dissolved in 1907 when the senior member of the firm was elected 
city judge, a position he resigned in 1910 to accept his present office 
of superintendent of public safety, still continuing, however, his 
practice of law. Mr. Fullilove is knight commander of the Kappa 
Alpha order, a college fraternity, and is affiliated with the Wood- 
men of the World. He married, in 1905, Miss Amanda String- 
fellow, the daughter of T. L. Stringfellow, of Shreveport. Their 
familv consists of 3 children : Samford C, Jr., Levert S. and Howell 
H. Fullilove. 

Fyler, George H., of New Orleans, agent of the Pennsylvania 
R. R., was born at St. Louis, May 21, 1873, and is the son of James 
O'D. and Fannie E. (Mill)urn) Fyler. James O'D. Fyler was 
a native of St. Louis county, Mo., and his wife was born at Louis- 
ville, Ky. They were the parents of 1 son, George H. Fyler, the 
youngest of the family, and 2 daughters, one of whom, Lilly May, 
is the wife of Mr. LeRoy Hill of St. Louis. Mr. Fyler was reared 
and educated in his native city and after a 6 months' course in a 
commercial college began work as a messenger boy for the Penn- 



BIOGRAPHICAL 175 

svlvania R R. Co. After rising through various clerical positions, 
he was, in May, 1900, appointed solicitor. His next promotion in 
the service made him traveling freight solicitor out of fet. Louis. 
In March 1909, he went to Dallas, Tex., in the same capacity and 
remained there until Nov. 1, 1910, at which time he^came to New 
Orleans to be agent of the Pennsylvania R. R. Mr. Fyler has been 
in the railroad business 24 years and is considered an able and 
energetic business man. He is a member of the Louisiana Sugar 
Exchange and of the New Orleans Cotton exchange. Nov. 21, 1901, 
Mr. Fyler married Miss Sophie Kempff of St. Louis, Mo., a daughter 
of Frederick and Jeannette KempfE. 

Gallion, Zachary Taylor, M. D., the oldest living practitioner of 
medicine in the parish of Natchitoches, where he began 39 years 
ago, is one of the best-known and most popular among the physi- 
cians of North Louisiana. He was born Feb. IS, 1849 in Natchi- 
toches parish, the son of James Hawkins Gallion a native of Ken- 
tucky, who came to Louisiana in early manhood, about the year 
1828 settled in Natchitoches parish and engaged m the planting 
busiiiess. He rose to prominence in the public affairs of the com- 
munitv and in 1850 took the census of the parish. Between James 
Hawkins Gallion and Gen. Zachary Taylor, who was then located 
at Fort Jessup, there existed a close bond of friendship, and it 
was in remembrance of that fact that Mr. Gallion named his son 
Zachary Taylor Gallion. The elder Gallion passed away at the 
age of 52 years. Elijah Gallion, grandfather of Dr. Gallion was 
a citizen of Lexington, Ky . The doctor 's mother, Eliza Jane ( Wray ) 
Gallion, was born in Louisiana, of Irish parents, who had settled 
in Rapides parish, near Alexandria. She died at the age ot 4& 
years James Hawkins Gallion and wife were the parents of 4 sons 
and 4 daughters. Zachary Taylor Gallion passed his boyhood on 
his father's farm, and received the rudiments of an education m a 
log-cabin school. He lost his father in death when 11 years of 
ao-e and his mother when 14. From an early age he has fought his 
own battles in life and went forth into the world to earn a living 
when his mother died. He worked on farms meanwhile, applying 
himself with patience and determination to acquiring an education. 
In 1871 he graduated from the Louisiana State university and tor 3 
years was engaged in teaching and thereby earned funds to defray 
his expenses in 'securing a medical education. He entered the med- 
ical department of the University of Louisiana (now Tulane) and 
graduated in 1875. Returning to his native parish, Dr. Gallion 
has been in active practice of his profession ever since receiving 
his diploma. With a high reputation as physician, excellent citi- 
zen, successful business man. Dr. Gallion has been identifaed with 
public and professional life for many years, as ex-member ot the 
board of supervisors of the Louisiana State university ; ex-member 
of the board of administrators for the Louisiana State Normal 
school, a position he held for 25 years, and at the present time 
coroner of the parish of Natchitoches, which position he has held 
since 1892 He is affiliated with the Natchitoches Parish Medical 
society, the Louisiana State Medical society, the American Med- 
ical association and the Southern Medical society. Dr. Gallion 



176 LOUISIANA 

mari'ied, in 1876, Miss Mary Cornelia Somerindyke, by whom he 
had 10 children: Mary Eliza, Ida Louise, Lucy Nancy, Zachary 
Taylor, Jr., Annie Pearl, Joseph Warren, John Hawkins, Bryan 
Wrav (deceased), James Donald (deceased) and Myra Elise. Mrs. 
Galli'on died Sept. 28, 1899. Nearly 2 years after— June 1, 1901— 
Dr. Gallion wedded Mrs. Frances Cornelia Chambers, nee Blanch- 
ard. They have no children. Dr. Gallion is a communicant of Epis- 
copal church. 

Gamard, Edward Alphonse, D. D. S., 2941 Palmyra street. New 
Orleans, La., was born at New Orleans, Sept. 11, 1876; son of 
Alphonse and Marie (Couret) Gamard, both of whom were born in 
the same city as the son, the father in 1846 and the mother in 1848. 
In the course of his education Edward Alphonse Gamard attended 
the Jesuit college in the city of his nativity, and after completing 
his .studies at that institution entered the boys' high school in the 
same city, from which he graduated in 1895, following which he 
matriculated in the dental department of the University of Mary- 
land, graduating with the degree of D. D. S. in the class of 1899. 
Shortly following the completion of his professional studies Dr. 
Gamard established himself in offices at the city of New Orleans 
and began the practice of his profession, which has since engrossed 
his attention and been fruitful of gratifying results. The doctor 
is a member of the Roman Catholic church and affiliates with the 
Democratic party. He is also a member of the First and Second 
Districts Dental and the Louisiana State Dental societies. April 
21, 1903, Dr. Gamard was married to Miss Amy Croker, daughter of 
the late Martin and Mary (Staples) Croker of Morgan City, La. 
To Dr. and Mrs. Gamard 3 children have been born, namely: Lu- 
cille, Amy and Edward, Jr. 

Garcia, Joseph M., D. D. S., 1121 Maison Blanche building, New 
Orleans, was born in Camargo, Mexico, Dec. 10, 1877 ; son of Sixto 
and Dolores (Ramirez) Garcia, both of whom were born in America 
of Spanish parentage. The father is a stock-raiser and merchant 
and also fills the position of postmaster at Agua Nueva, Tex. Both 
parents are living at this time. Five children have been born to 
them, as follows : M. M. Garcia, superintendent of schools at San 
Antonio, Tex. ; Pilar, at home ; Sixto, merchant at Hebbronville, 
Tex.; Joseph M. Garcia, subject of this sketch; Cecile, wife of 
G. Frank Peebles, rice planter of Laurel Hill, La. In the course 
of his education Joseph M. Garcia graduated from the high school 
with distinguished honors. He next attended the Christian Broth- 
ers' school at Baton Rouge, La., and following his graduation from 
this institution entered the New Orleans College of Dentistrj', Tu- 
lane iiniversity, graduating with the class of 1911. Shortly follow- 
ing the time of his graduation Dr. Garcia established offices at New 
Orleans and began professional practice, which he has since fol- 
lowed. In addition to handling his private practice. Dr. Garcia 
fills the position of demonstrator of operative technic at Tulane 
university. Dr. Garcia is affiliated with the Catholic church, and 
is a member of the First and Second District Dental society, the 
Odontological society of New Orleans, of which he is secretary 
and treasurer; New Orleans lodge No. 30, Benevolent and Pro- 



BIOGRiVPHICAL 177 

tectivc Order of Elks; Knights of Pythias (Baton Rouge), and New 
Orleans lodge order of Moose. Oetobei' 23, 1912, Dr. Garcia was 
married to Miss Helen Hoffman, daughter of Frederick and Helen 
(Huber) Hoffman of New Orleans. INIrs. Garcia 's father is en- 
gaged in the business of a contractor and builder at New Orleans. 
He is a native of Germany. Dr. and Mrs. Garcia are the parents of 
1 child, a daughter, Helen Sylvia Garcia, born Sept. 10, 1913. 

Generelly, Joseph Edward, a criminal lawyer of an enviable repu- 
tation is a native son of Louisiana, born in the city of New Or- 
leans 'on the 29th dav of Dec, 1874, the son of Laurent E and 
Denise (Villere) Generelly. His father was born m New Orleans, 
in which city he died Oct.' 23, 1909, at the age of 58 years. He was 
a son of Fleury and Elizabeth (Monsier) Generelly, his father also 
being a native of New Orleans, and his father, Fleiiry Generelly, was 
born in France and was a soldier of the French army, servmg m 
the defense of Saint Domingo against the British, taken as a pris- 
oner of war to Charleston, S. C., where he was subsequently re- 
leased He located in New Orleans and became the progenitor ot 
his familv in America. The father of Joseph Edward Generelly was, 
for the greater part of his life, a federal government employe, the 
last 15 years being in the auditor's office in the custom house at 
New Orleans. His wife was a daughter of Denis Villere, a mem- 
ber of the distinguished Villere family of Louisiana, which fur- 
nished the second governor of the state. Laurent E. Generelly and 
wife had 2 sons and 6 daughters, all of whom were born and 
reared in New Orleans. Joseph Edward Generelly graduated from 
Jesuits college in 1890, and then while holding a clerical position 
attended lectures in law at evenings in the law school of Tulane uni- 
versity, from which he graduated in 1895, since when he has suc- 
eessfu'll'v practiced law in New Orleans, making a specialty of the 
criminal law and winning the reputation of an able criminal law- 
yer. Mr. Generelly has found time from the practice of his pro- 
fession for political and public service. From 1898 to 1900 he 
served as assistant district attorney ; from 1900 to 1902, and again 
from 1908 to 1912, as attorney for the New Orleans city board of 
health ; was elected to the house of representatives in 1908 and re- 
elected in 1912, and has served with distinction in the legislatiire 
where he became the floor leader of the regular Democrats. Mr. 
Generelly is a member of the Roman Catholic church, also of the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. In 1897 he married Miss 
Elise Sarpy, the daughter of Dr. Emile Sarpy of New Orleans. 
Mr. Generelly has forged his way to the front in his profession, 
holds a high "rank as a criminal lawyer and member of the Louis- 
iana state bar, and by his public service attained to rank among the 
leading men of his state. 

Gessner, Hermann Bertram, M. D., of New Orleans, was born m 
New Orleans, Feb. 19, 1872, son of George Gessner, a native ot 
Sondershofen, Bavaria (born Jan. 23, 1828), and Josephine Nicks, 
born at Bremen, Germany, Sept. 28, 1837. The father s parents 
were of a family engaged in farming and Mrs. Gessner s people 
were among the first manufacturers of umbrellas m Europe. Ihe 
elder Gessner, while a student of the University of Wurzburg, was 
III— 12 



178 LOUISIANA 

one of the leading spirits in a formidable uprising to demand a 
constitutional form of government in 1848. Five years later he 
came to the United States to practice medicine, which he had studied 
for 4 years, but being- offered a position as teacher, he accepted, and 
taught until shortly before his death in 1907. Mrs. Gessner had come 
to this country with her father, Karl Nicks, in 1850, and was edu- 
cated at the Ursuline convent. She became the wife of George Gess- 
ner on Sept. 20, 1857. Dr. Gessner 's father was a soldier in the 
Confederate army during the war between North and South, having 
enlisted as a private, in Oct., 1862, in Company B, Washington artil- 
lery. Was in engagements with his command in the Army of North- 
ern Virginia from 1862 to the suri'cnder in the spring of 1865. At 
Drury's Bluff, Va., he was wounded, and was sent to the military hos- 
pital in Richmond. Dr. Gessner was educated in private schools 
until 1883, and next attended Tulane high school and Tulane col- 
lege, receiving the degrees of A. B. (1889), A. M. (1891). Was 
medical student 1891-1895, and received his diploma of M. D. in 
1895. From 1893 to 1895 he was resident student and ambulance 
surgeon of the Charity hospital. Since his graduation as physi- 
cian Dr. Gessner has b§en in active practice in New Orleans, and 
in 1912 he withdrew from general practice to devote himself exclu- 
sively to surgery. During the years 1897 and 1905 Dr. Gessner 
served as acting assistant surgeon in the United States Public Health 
and Marine hospital service in combating oiitbreaks of yellow 
fever. In the epidemic of 1905 he worked under Dr. J. H. White, 
who conducted the memorable and mo.st successful campaign that 
freed New Orleans from the yellow plague ever since. When war 
was declared with Spain, Dr. Gessner entered the United States 
army in 1898, and was acting assistant surgeon. United States army, 
serving at Tampa, Fla.; Fernandina, Fla., and Montauk Point, L. I. 
He is member of Phi Delta Theta college fraternity, honorary mem- 
ber of Alpha Kappa Kappa and a Phi Beta Kappa. Was president 
and is member of the Orleans Parish Medical society, ex-vice-pres- 
ident and at present councillor of the Louisiana State IMedical so- 
ciety, is affiliated with the Southern Medical association, the Amer- 
ican Medical association, the Association of Military Surgeons, the 
Medical Reserve corps of the United States army with rank of 
first lieutenant, commissioned by Pres. W. H. Tat't in 1909. Dr. 
Gessner is professor of operative and clinical surgery in Tulane uni- 
versity of Louisiana, one of the chief visiting surgeons of the Char- 
ity hospital and chairman of the advisory medical committee of the 
visiting staff. Charity hospital, and jimior surgeon of the Touro 
infirmary. In politics, Dr. Ge.ssner is a Democrat. Through sev- 
eral campaigns he helped to build up a healthy opposition faction 
to make up for the lack of party antagonism in this community. 
Feb. 27, 1900, he married Miss Jessie Hayes, daus'hter of Ed- 
ward and Ann (Burnett) Hayes, both born in England, and who 
emigrated to the United States in 1881. Mr. Hayes, Sr., died in 
1902; his widow is still living, and resides at Lake Charles, La. 
Dr. and Mrs. Gessner have 4 children: Leonard Edward, aged 13; 
Josephine Hayes, 11 ; Barbara Jessie, 9, and Edward Heim, 7. 
Glover, George James. — Worthy citizenship in the United States 



BIOGRAPHICAL 179 

is made up from all the races and nations of the world, but it has 
remained for those who are commonly known as Scotch-Irish to ac- 
quire a distinction and leadership second to no othei-s. Aptly typi- 
fying this class of our people in Louisiana may be named George 
James Glover, one of the foremost business men of the city of 
New Orleans. His father, named William Rodgerson Glover, was 
born in Edinburgh, the far-famed capital of Scotland, and the 
mother was Katherine Gibson, born in County Meath, Ireland, Aug. 
15, 1837. George James Glover was born in New Orleans, Dec. 
9, 1868. In the schools of his native city he acquired a rudimentary 
education such as may be gained by a youth under 14 years of age. 
At that early period of life he was compelled to begin work for 
the purpose of assisting in obtaining a livelihood. This was in a 
large measiire due to his father's death, which had occurred sev- 
eral years previous to that age of the son. The meagre school- 
ing of his earlier years has been largely supplemented in the rig- 
orous school of experience, the most successful of all teachers, until 
now Mr. Glovei' is one of the best informed and one of the most 
up-to-date business men in New Orleans. When at the age of 14 
years he took up the serious duties of life, he began work in the 
employ of Thomas Carey as water boy, and after a few months he 
was adavnced to be an apprentice in the brick-layers trade. Hav- 
ing acquired the necessary skill in this calling, he was made fore- 
man in charge of some of his employer's building operations. Later 
he followed his trade in Birmingham and Bessemer, Ala., for about 
1 year, when he retui-ned to his native city. On arriving he was 
given a junior partnership in the firm of Thos. Carey & Co. At a 
later date he entered the general contracting business under the 
firm name of Glover & Carey, his partner being Albert Carey, son 
of his former employer. This continued for about 2 years and 
then, in 1899, Mr. Glover became associated with Mr. Chas. A. Sicard 
under the firm name of Glover & Sicard. Since 1901 Mr. Glover 
has carried on the business of general contracting alone. It is 
typical of his Scotch ancestry that he has kept continuously to the 
1 business until he has achieved the highest standing in his call- 
ing. It is this persistent application along a chosen course that 
has given the Scotch people their high and enviable reputation for 
success. In Mr. Glover's case these qualities have enabled him to 
reach an eminence in his life work such as no other in this city 
can justly claim and such as few in the nation can equal. Among 
some of his most conspicuous achievements in construction may be 
mentioned the Whitney-Central, the Ursuline convent. Central Boys' 
high school, Touro infirmary, Hotel Dieu, Canal-Louisiana bank and 
the Monteleone hotel buildings. This is only a small list of the fine 
things he has done, but it serves to illustrate the broad scope and 
high character of his business. Mr. Glover is a believer in the po- 
litical doctrines represented by the Democratic party, but has not 
sought political preferment at the hands of his fellow citizens. Un- 
der the administration of Gov. Foster he was a member of the 
state board of health. His religious affiliations are with the Roman 
Catholic church, and socially he belongs to the Knights of Colum- 
bus, the Elks, the American Society of Testing Materials, and also 



180 LOUISIANA 

belongs to the Contractors and Builders exchange. Jan. 9, 
1901, he was married to Katherine, daughter of Armand and Kath- 
erine (Rednour) Troescher of New Orleans, and they have 3 chil- 
dren: George Francis, born May 28, 1903; John Armand, born 
March 8, 1908, and Mildred Louise, born Sept. 13, 1909. As an indi- 
cation of the high standing in the business and financial circles of 
New Orleans, it may be noted that in 1910 Mr. Glover was chosen 
a director in the Hibernia Bank and Trust Co. and in 1911 was 
elected director in the Whitney-Central Trust and Savings bank, 
these being among the largest and strongest institutions of their 
kind in the country. 

Golsan, Joseph Lindsay, district judge of the 24th judicial dis- 
trict and resident of "West Feliciana parish. La., has an unusual 
record as a public servant. In Oct. of 1877, being then a young 
lawyer, he located at St. Francisville for the purpose of practicing 
his profession, and within an ususually short time had received just 
recognition as an able lawyer and a public-spirited citizen. As 
early as 1882 his fellow citizens gave him his first call to public 
service by electing him to the lower house of the Louisiana state 
legislature, where he served acceptably 1 term. Following this 
he was honored with an election to the office of district attorney, of 
which office he remained incumbent during 12 consecutive years, 
during which time he firmly established a reiDutation for able and 
conscientious service. He was then elevated to the higher office 
of district judge for 1 term, this being followed by an interim of 4 
years, during which he held no position of public trust. He was 
then again elected district attorney, served 1 term as such, and 
was then again elected to the office of district judge and after 
serving 1 term on the bench was yet again elected district at- 
torney, and following this term in that office was finally elected to 
the office of district judge and has remained incumbent of the lat- 
ter office to this time. It has previously been observed that his 
career in public office is unusual and his repeated reelection back 
and forth between these two offices would seem to indicate that his 
constituents were fully decided that they desired him to occupy 
one or the other of the offices permanently, and only experienced 
some difficulty in deciding which of the 2 they desired to have him 
fill regularly. It is indeed a high tribute to the personality and 
character of the man, coming as it does from the people who are 
his neighbors, and who Ivuow him well. Jixdge Golsan is a native 
of the state of Alabama, having been born in Autauga county, that 
state, Aug. 21, 1854. His parents were Jacob H. and Mary Belle 
(Broadnax) Golsan, the former of whom was born in South Caro- 
lina and the latter in Arkansas. Their marriage occurred in Ala- 
bama, in which state they passed the remainder of their lives. The 
father combined the avocations of a planter and general mci-chant, 
residing at Autaugaville, in which locality the lives of both par- 
ents ended. Five sons were born to their union, only 2 of whom 
survive at this time, one of the survivors being now a resident of 
the state of Virginia and the other the subject of this sketch. The 
father's death occurred in 1872, and in the same year the son, Joseph 
Lindsay Golsan, graduated from Auburn college, Ala., at the age of 



BIOGRAPHICAL 181 

18 years. Following this the young man took a course in interna- 
tional law and medical jurisprudence, at the University of Virginia, 
afterward continuing his legal studjes in the office of Hays & New, 
at New Orleans. He was admitted to practice law in the state of 
Louisiana by the supreme court in 1877, and located at St. Francis- 
ville, as previously stated, in the autumn of that same year. In 1881 
Judge Golsan was married to Miss Emma Bakewell of New Orleans, 
and 6 children have been born to their union. The family is num- 
bered among the most highly-esteemed residents of the parish, and 
enjoys an unusually wide circle of loyal friends and acquaintances. 
Judge Golsan is a communicant of the Episco])al church and a 
member of the order of the Knights of Pythias. In politics he has 
been affiliated with the Democratic party since he first began to 
exercise the elective franchise, and is an unfailing advocate of the 
principles of the party with which he is aligned. In public office 
his record is without blemish, and among the best-known lawj^ers 
and jurists of Louisiana he is worthy of favorable mention. 

Gordy, Judge Minos T., district attorney, district judge, justice 
of the Court of Appeals, member constitutional convention, member 
criminal code commission, Abbeville, Vermilion parish. La., was 
born in St. Mary pari.sh. La., Sept. 29, 1865 ; son of Minos T. and 
Betty Ann (Johnson) Gordy, the former of whom was born on the 
eastern shore of Maryland, and, in the year 1837, when 8 years old, 
came to Louisiana with his parents and located in St. Mary par- 
ish. He became an architect and builder, and, excepting a few 
years previous to his death, in Oct., 1911, made his home at Frank- 
lin. He died at Abbeville. Betty Ann (Johnson) Gordy, the 
mother, M^as born in Henderson county, Ky., and located in St. Mary 
parish. La., following her marriage, which took place in Texas. The 
paternal grandfather, John Collins Gordy, was a native of the state 
of Maryland. He was a practicing physician and a prominent 
Mason, and during many years oceupi'ed the office of state lecturer 
for the Masonic order. He was one of the earlier physicians of the 
vicinity of Franklin, and his practice was in and around that place. 
The paternal grandmother was a Miss Hern, and the maternal 
grandmother. Miss Young. Minos T. Gordy, the subject of this 
sketch, received his earlier education at the public schools of Frank- 
lin. Later he attended Rugby academy at Franklin and in 1880 
entered Louisiana State university, from which he graduated with 
the degree of B. S. in the class of 1883. Following his graduation he 
was employed as a clerk in stores at Franklin and Abbeville, and 
while so employed at the latter place began the study of law, under 
the direction of the law firm of White & O 'Bryan of Abbeville. In 
1888 he entered the law school of Tulane university, from which he 
graduated with his legal degree in the class of 1889, shortly there- 
after beginning practice at Abbeville, where he has since remained. 
In 1890 he was appointed district attorney by Gov. Nicholls, to suc- 
ceed R. C. Smedes, who had died in office. In 1892 he was elected 
to that office to succeed himself, and in 1896 was reelected, serv- 
ing until 1900. In 1898 he was elected and served as a member of 
the constitutional convention of that year. In 1900 he was elected 
district judge for a term of 4 years. By virtue of his office as district 



182 LOUISIANA 

judge he also served on the bench as a judge of the Court of Ap- 
peals. Since 1904 he has been engaged in the private practice of 
law. By Gov. J. Y. Sanders Judge Gordy was appointed a mem- 
ber of the criminal code commission, charged with the work of 
codifying the criminal laws of the state of Louisiana. April 28, 
1896,' Judge Gordy was married to Miss Laura Cage Haynes of Wil- 
kinson county, Miss., and 3 sons have been born to their union, 
namely : John Collins, Sept. 8, 1897 ; Walter Haynes, May 18, 1899 ; 
]\Iin()s T., Jr., Feb. 28, 1900. Judge Gordy has voted the Democratic 
ticket throughout the term of his political affiliation. He is a mem- 
ber of the Masonic fraternity and of the Episcopal church. Judge 
Gordy was leading assistant to the district attoriiey in the prose- 
cution of Dora Murff and James Duval at Crowley, Acadia parish, 
recently. This case attracted very wide attention during its pen- 
dency, and able council was engaged on both sides. Both defend- 
ants were convicted. 

Gore, Benjamin L., D. D. S., New Orleans, was born in East Fe- 
liciana parish. La., Nov. 3, 1882; son of S. D. and Catherine (Ryder) 
Gore, the former of whom was a native of West Feliciana parish and 
the latter of East Feliciana parish, both of Louisiana. The father 
is a planter and has devoted his energies to that occupation through- 
out life. The mother passed away in Sept., 1909. Ten children, 2 
of whom are now deceased, were born to the parents. Those living 
at this time are : Ada, wife of James McCabe of Vicksburg, Miss. ; 
Kathryn, wife of William 0. Hines of Baton Rouge, La. ; Benjamin 
L., subject of this sketch; Jacob L., in business of steam fitter. 
Baton Rouge; Leota, wife of Palmer Smith of East Feliciana par- 
ish, and residing at the old homestead: Ruth, Clifton, in school at 
Vicksburg, Miss., and Samuel D., in school. Benjamin L. Gore 
received his earlier education at the public schools of his home 
parish, followed by a course at Centenary college, Jackson, La. 
He next entered the New Orleans College of Dentistry and gradu- 
ated from that institution with the degree of D. D. S. in the class 
of 1908. Following his graduation he returned to his home parish 
and engaged in the practice of his profession about 1 year, after 
which he opened dental offices at New Orleans and began practice 
in that city in conjunction with his duties as an instructor in the 
dental school of Tulane university, which arrangement Dr. Gore 
has continued to this time, being now demonsti-ator of clinical den- 
tistry at the New Orleans College of Dentistry, which constitutes 
the dental department of Tulane university. Dr. Gore is a mem- 
ber of the Psi Omega fraternity, the New Orleans and Louisiana 
State Dental societies and the National Dental association. He 
affiliates with the Methodist church and at this time is not mar- 
ried. 

Goreau, Thomas W., of New Orleans, master plUmber, is a leader 
in his calling, always prepared to adopt and use the latest methods 
and appliances. He was born in New Orleans, Nov. 26, 1876, the 
son of Louis and Virginia (Torr) Goreau. Mobile, Ala., was the 
birthplace of the elder Goreau, and he was a painter by trade until 
his coming to reside in New Orleans, where he followed the occu- 
pation of news vendor and retail merchant for many yeai's. He 




Thomas W. Goreau 



BIOGRAPHICAL 183 

died ill his 48th year in 1889. Mrs. Virginia (Torr) Gorcau is a 
native of Virginia, one of the descendants of John Torr, who emi- 
grated to the United States from England in 1607, with the early 
settlers of Jamestown, led by Capt. John Smith. At the ripe old 
age of 84 years, she is residing in New Orleans. Thomas W. Goreau, 
to whom this biograph}^ refers, is the oldest of a family of 5 chil- 
dren, 2 of whom are dead — Louis, the 2d son, and Virginia, the 
4th in the order of birth. The three living are Thomas W. Go- 
reau, Nelson G. Goreau, manufacturer of modern plumbing ma- 
terial, and Mary, the wife of George Brostrom of New Orleans. 
Going through the usual primary and grammar grade courses of 
the public schools, then entered Soule college, New Orleans, and 
undecided, after completing his studies, as to the choice of a pro- 
fession or trade, Mr. Goreau elected to take a business course in a 
commercial college in Chicago, receiving in due time a diploma 
entitling him to seek a position in mercantile or financial life. But 
he chose along industrial and mechanical lines, and entered the 
plumbing establishment of his uncle, Thomas Torr, at Galveston, 
Tex., serving his apprenticeship for several years. After receiving 
his exequatur as a mechanic, Mr. Goreau became a journeyman 
plumber, traveling from place to place for 7 years, and finally lo- 
cating in New Orleans in 1901. Possessing an energetic and reso- 
lute disposition, Mr. Goreau soon took active interest in the civic 
life of New Orleans, identifying himself with all movements for the 
social and political betterment of the community. In politics he 
is thoroughly independent, supporting the men and measures that, 
in' his opinion, will best subserve the public weal. He is a mem- 
ber of the Merchants' and Manufacturers' bureau, of the New Or- 
leans Association of Commerce and of the Elks. The marriage of 
Mr. Goreau and Miss ]\Iargaret Marron of Waterproof, La., was 
solemnized Nov. 9, 1899. One son, Howard T. Goreau, was born of 
their union. Besides being one of the foremost men in the plumb- 
ing business, Mr. Goreau has made several important and useful 
inventions of a mechanical nature, among which is the well-known 
Goreau water filter. 

Gorman, Jacob A., D. D. S., New Orleans, was born at Raleigh, 
N. C, July 19, 1875, son of John C. and Emily J. (Bushall) Gorman, 
the former of whom was born at Greensboro, Ala., and the latter at 
Beaufort, N. C. The father was a printer and publisher and con- 
ducted a newspaper at Raleigh. He served in the Confederate army 
as captain of Company B, 2d North Carolina regiment, participating 
in the battle of the Wilderness, the battle of Gettysburg, and sev- 
eral other notable engagements. He received several wounds in 
the course of his long service, and was twice captured and im- 
prisoned. Capt. Gorman survived the horrors of the Civil war, 
however, and died at his home, Dec. 27, 1892. He conducted his 
newspapei- until the time of his death. Eight children were born 
to Capt. and Mrs. Gorman, as follows : Thomas M., Durham, N. C. ; 
Minnie, widow of W. A. Slater, Durham, N. C. ; John N., Richmond, 
Va. ; Seaton Gale, Bethlehem, Pa.; Patrick H., San Juan, Porto 
Rico ; Jacob A., subject of this sketch ; Annie L., wife of C. H. 
Pratt, Boston, Mass.; Garfield, in San Juan, Porto Rico. The 



184 LOUISIANA 

mother of these children is living at this time. Jacob A. Gorman 
graduated from high school at Washington, D. C, following which 
he entered the dental school of Columbia university (now George 
Washington university) and graduated from that institution with 
the degree of D. D. S. in the class of 1895. Soon after securing 
his professional degree the doctor went to Asheville, N. C, and 
there he engaged in dental iDractice for a period of 10 years. Pol- 
lowing this extended technical experience, he removed to New 
Orleans and opened a suite of offices in that city, where his practice 
has since been limited to the correction of irregularities of the teeth. 
In 1903 Dr. Gorman took a special course at the Angle School of 
Orthodontia, New London, Conn. He is a member of the Louisiana 
State Medical society. First and Second District Dental society, 
of which he is president ; life member of the North Carolina Dental 
society; member American Medical and National Dental associa- 
tions; Alumni society of the Angle School of Orthodontia, New 
London, Conn. ; Louisiana lodge No. 102, Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons ; Louisiana Chapter No. 25 ; Svrene Commanderv No. 5, Ashe- 
ville, N. C. ; Oasis Temple, North Carolina. Oct. 10, 1900, Dr. Gor- 
man was married to Miss Edith Peake, daughter of AVilliam C. and 
Emma (Sherwood) Peake, both natives of Baltimore, Md. Mrs. 
Gorman's father is a contractor and builder at Washington, D. C, 
where the daughter was bom. To Dr. and Mrs. Goi'man 2 children 
have been born, namely, Edith and Bertha. 

Grace, Frederic Jumel, register of the state land office at Baton 
Rouge, is one of the best-known and most popular men of the 
state. Mr. Grace was born at Plaquemine, Iberville parish, La., 
May 9, 1870, and is a member of one of the most influential fam- 
ilies of that parish. His parents were Thomas E. and Elizabeth 
Camilla (Laughlin) Grace. His father was born in 1835, in the 
state of New York, and when a boy came with his parents to 
Louisiana. The family resided for a short time in Jackson, East 
Feliciana parish, and then removed to Plaquemine. Thomas E. 
Grace was educated at Notre Dame imiversity. South Bend, Ind., 
and then studied law. He devoted the active years of his life to the 
practice of law in Plaquemine, and died there, in 1883, at the age 
of 48 years. He married Elizabeth Camilla Laughlin, who was 
born on "Grand River plantation," Iberville parish. La. Her 
father was a native of Ireland, her mother came of Revolutionary 
stock, she being the daughter of a patriot who fell at the battle of 
Brandywine. Unto Thomas E. and Elizabeth Camilla (Laughlin) 
Grace the following children were born : Thqmas E., who became 
a lawyer and died at the age of 31 years; Joseph A., now clerk 
Tbei'ville parish courts and president of the Iberville Bank & 
Trust Co. ; Dr. William L., a prominent physician of Plaquemine ; 
Charles E., a well-known real estate dealer of Plaquemine ; Fred- 
eric J., the immediate subject of this sketch ; Augustine K., an ac- 
tive fire and life insurance agent of Plaquemine; Rev. Michael A., 
a Jesuit priest and prominent educator, now president of St. 
Charles college, at Grand Coteau, which college celel)rated recently 
its 75th anniversary or diamond jubilee ; Henry G., who died aged 
20 years; Albert L., a well-known lawyer of Plaquemine, and 2 



BIOGRAPHICAL 185 

daughters, namely, Mary (Mrs. IMilos E. Davidson of Plaquo- 
mine) and Ruth (Mrs. Patrick Barry, also of Plaquemine). Fred J. 
Grace was reared at Plaquemine and educated there ni private 
schools and at St. Charles college, which institution, in 1912, con- 
ferred upon him the degree of LL. D. For 7 years after complet- 
ing his education, Mr. Grace was engaged in sugar planting. Then, 
for 10 years, he was a traveling salesman for mill supplies. In 
1908 Mr. Grace received the Democratic nomination for the im- 
portant position of register of the state land office, and at the 
followino- election received a handsome majority. As a testi- 
monial to his efficient services in this office he was, m 1912, a^gam 
elected to the office for a term of 4 years. Since Mr. Grace has been 
reo-ister of the state land office he has radically improved the serv- 
ice rendered in this important state office. When, on account of 
the considerably reduced acreage of United States land in Louis- 
iana the several United States land offices in the state were to be 
consolidated, several cities were considered as locations for the 
office and a heated contest ensued. When the United States sur- 
veyor's office at New Orleans was closed, valuable maps and docu- 
ments in its charge were sent to Baton Rouge, and placed m the 
custody of the state land office, and since this had been done, and 
owing to the fact that all state affairs in regard to the land office 
were looked after at and from Baton Rouge, all maps, plat and field 
notes were held there, Mr. Grace took the position that the United 
States land office should be at Baton Rouge, and to him is largely 
due the fact that Baton Rouge was selected as the location for 
the United States land office, which has since been maintained 
there. In 1898 Mr. Grace married Miss May Dardenne, a daughter 
of John L. Dardenne, who was, for several years, clerk of court 
of Iberville parish. Mr. and Mrs. Grace have 3 daughters and 1 
son, namely, Lucille May, Myrthe Elizabeth, Frederic J., Jr., and 
Aline. Mr. Grace belongs to several fraternal orders and among 
men is deservedly popular. He has forged his way to success by 
means of integrity, industry, energy and fair dealing with his 
fellow men. . . 

Gray, Robert Archibald, M. D., successful Shreveport physician, 
was born at Frankfort, Ky., Oct. 11, 1830 ; son of Joseph Gray, a 
native of Virginia. The father was a merchant in early life, but 
later became sergeant-at-arms of the house of representatives, Ken- 
tucky, and remained incumbent of this office about 30 years. The 
paternal grandfather was a native of Wales and had only 1 
brother. Robert Archibald Gray, the son, obtained his academic 
education at B. B. Sayre's institute, Frankfort, and when this 
had been completed matriculated in the medical department of the 
University of Louisville (Ky.), from which he graduated m due 
time with the degree of M. D. in the class of 1853, this being m the 
spring of that year. During some months following his graduation 
he engaged in practice at his home city, Frankfort, Ky., but m the 
month of December of the same year in which he graduated from 
the medical college the young doctor came south and located at the 
city of Shreveport, La., where he has since been continually engaged 
in the practice of medicine. Dr. Gray is at this time, it is said, de- 



186 LOUISIANA 

cidedly the oldest physician in practice in North Louisiana. He 
served in the Confederate army throughout the Civil war as sur- 
geon of Dreux's battalion, and has since served as a member of the 
hospital board of the city of Shreveport, as president of the board, 
in fact. He is a member of both the Louisiana State and Caddo 
Parish Medical societies, and affiliates with the Presbyterian 
church. April 9, 1861, Dr. Gray was married to Miss Amanda Hol- 
lingsworth, who is a native of the state of Alabama. Two sons and 
2 daughters have been born to Dr. and Mrs. Gray, these be- 
ing: Robert H., a graduate of the Bellevue hospital, New York 
city, and now associated with his father in practice at Shreveport ; 
De Graffenreid, engaged in the real estate business at Shreveport; 
Genevieve, now the wife of W. F. Taylor of Shreveport, and Her- 
ries, wife of Dr. G. C. Chanler of Shreveport. ' 

Grouchy, Alex., Jr., mayor of Baton Rouge, president and gen- 
eral manager of the Istrouma hotel, was born in New Orleans March 
23, 1870, of French parents. His father, Alex., and mother, Zoe 
(Dupuy) Grouchy, have a family of 4 children, of whom Mayor 
Grouchy is the eldest. The others are Julia, Frank and Emma. 
Since the age of 8 the subject of this sketch has been a resident 
of the capital of Louisiana, when his father and mother removed 
from the Crescent City, where they had won deserved reputation 
in the conduct of the restaurant business. After receiving pri- 
mary and grammar education in the schools of Baton Rouge, young 
Grouchy was sent to Spring Hill college, Alabama, where he 
studied for 3 years. Leaving college, he began his business career 
in New Orleans as clerk in the em^jloy of a lumber company, and 
next at the desk in the office of a firm of sugar merchants. In 
1893 he was united in wedlock to Miss Victoria Gass of Baton 
Rouge, and they took up their residence in that city the follow- 
ing year. Mr. Grouchy established, and conducted with much 
success, the Capital and the Grouchy hotel, and in 1908 ])ecame 
manager, and now is president and business head of the Istrouma, 
one of the finest and best-known establishments of its kind in 
that section of the state, and favorite headquarters of social and 
political gatherings. Always taking lively interest in public affairs 
and in civic activities, Mr. Grouchy enjoys great popularity. He 
was elected to the city council in 1910 and next received the votes 
of his fellow councilmen for the position of mayor, filling the un- 
expired term of Hon. Jules Roux. In April, 1914, he was elected 
as the first mayor under the commission form of government. Hav- 
ing joined the Order of Elks, Mr. Grouchy rose to the exalted 
office of district deputy for the state of Louisiana, during the year 
1912; he also is a member of the Faternal Order of Eagles and 
of the Order of Red Men. With his wife and 2 children Mr. 
Grouchy lives happily in Baton Rouge. The eldest of their family 
is Hazel, a charming young girl of 19, and the younger, Cyrill, is 
17 j'ears of age. 

Guerard, Robert G., real (-state dealer of New Orleans, La., and 
president of the board of commissioners for the port of New Or- 
leans; is a native of Savannah, Ga., where he was born Feb. 3, 
1865. He attended jirivate schools at Savannah, and later gradu- 



BIOGRAPHICAL 187 

ated from Mount Pleasant Militnry academy, Ossining, N. Y. As 
a young man he engaged in the rice business at the city of his 
birth, later removing to the city of New Orleans in 1893 and 
continuing in the same business up to the year 1906, at which 
time he transfei-red his activities to real estate. During the Span- 
ish-American war he volunteered and served as captain of Com- 
pany ]M, 2nd Louisiana regiment. 

Guilbault, Albert, son of Alfred Guilbault and Adeline Paquette. 
Alfred CTuilbault, his father, was born 45 miles outside of Montreal, 
Canada, on Aug. 2, 1836, the issue of Amable Guilbault and Cath- 
erine Telliea. Alfred Guilbault came to New Orleans from Mon- 
treal in 1866, on his way stopping in Chicago, 111., for 9 months. 
His mother, Adeline Paquette, was born of Pierre Paquette and 
IMarie Pourier, at Kecsville, Essex county, N. Y., on June 6, 1844. 
Her parents were born in Canada. Mrs. Guilbault came to New 
Orleans with her parents about 1860. Alfred has long been identi- 
fied with the car-building industry of the city of New Orleans. 
Albert Guilbault is one of 7 living children, 4 daughters and 3 
sons, born to his parents. He passed his childhood and yoiith in 
the city and there attended the public schools, but withdrew from 
school while yet in the 6th grade to begin work as an office boy. 
Later the lad attended night school, and forging his own way to 
better conditions and circumstances, matriculated in the law school 
of Tulane university, from which he graduated with the degree of 
LL. B. in the class of 1900. When 14 years of age he became an 
office boy in a law office, and from that time has virtually been 
identified with the legal profession, growing up in the calling, 
so to speak, in which he has, through determination, energy and 
native ability, attained a well-merited reputation as an earnest 
and conscientious counselor, learned and untiring in his loyalty 
to his clients, and deeply appreciative of his obligations as a citi- 
zen. Mr. Giiilbault is fully sustaining the usual record and repu- 
tation of self-educated men and steadily moving step by step to 
higher and broader fields of usefulness. He is affiliated with the 
Democratic party and in 1912 was elected a member of the Louis- 
iana legislature. He is a member of the Catholic church and of 
the Knights of Columbus. In 1903 Hon. Albei't Guilljault was mar- 
ried to Miss Marie Strack of New Orleans. Five children, as fol- 
lows, have been born to theii- union : Albert C, John D., "Walter S., 
Marie C. and Catherine C. Guilbault. 

Guiterrez, Alcide, merchant, secretary of the police jury and 
member of the drainage board of St. Bernard parish, was born April 
18, 1869, a son of Philip and Mary (Cantrelle) Guiterrez, of that 
parish. The father was also born here, where he lived all his 
life, and passed away in 1908, being a farmer by occupation, and 
also engaged in the mercantile business. The mother was born at 
Thibodaux, La., in 1842, and is still living. The paternal grand- 
father, Phillip Guiterrez, came from Spain and settled in Louisiana 
about 1770, locating in St. Bernard parish. Of the 8 children in 
the family, onh^ 2 are now living, these being Alcide, the subject 
of this biography, and Elmire, who is also a resident of the parish. 
In the course of acquiring his education Alcide Guiterrez attended 



188 LOUISIANA 

Holy Cross school, and when the course of study at this institu- 
tion had been completed entered Leche academy, at New Orleans, 
from which he graduated in due time. Following this he enrolled 
at the Louisiana State university, and received his diploma with 
the class with which he entered. After completing his schooling 
the young man returned to the family home and became assistant 
to his father in the management of the general merchandise busi- 
ness and supervision of the farm. In 1893 he was elected secretary 
of the police jury of his parish, and has remained incumbent of 
that office to this time — a period of more than 20 years. In 1904 
he came into ownership of his father's general merchandise busi- 
ness, which he has since conducted very successfully. Mr. Guiter- 
rez is also a member of the drainage board of St. Bernard parish 
and has served as president of the school board for 12 years. He 
is a member of the Roman Catholic church and is affiliated fra- 
ternally with the Woodmen of the World. In Feb., 1898, Mr. C4uit- 
errez was united in wedlock to Lydia, a daughter of Lorenski and 
Olivia (Estopinal) Nunez, both of whom were born in the parish. 
Mr. Nunez followed the occupation of a farmer, and for about 20 
years- also discharged the duties of a levee inspector. He passed 
away in August, 1912, and is at this time survived by his beloved 
wife. Two sons have Ijeen born to Mr. and Mrs. Guiterrez, namely, 
August, now at home, and Jerome, attending Rugby academy, at 
New Orleans. 

Hacker, Judge L. 0. — New Iberia, Iberia parish, La., was born 
in Iberia parish, La., in the year 1844, and to his earnest and unsel- 
fish efforts, perhaps more than to any other one force, is due the de- 
velopment of the present excellent and efficient public school sys- 
tem of Iberia parish. It was the wish of the publishers that an ex- 
tended review of Judge Hacker's life work be given here, but 
out of deference to his well-known native modesty, and by his 
request, this article is limited to a very brief statement as to his early 
connection with the public school system of his parish. Following 
the close of the Civil war, during which he served the Confederacy, 
and the almost equally dark period of reconstruction, Judge Hacker, 
with Col. E. B. Olivier, Dr. Alfred Duperier, James L. Burke, J. D. 
Broussard, and Adolph Segura, organized a public school system for 
Iberia parish. Their progress was very slow, because of the opposi- 
tion of those in power at the time, but when Francis Nichols became 
governor of Louisiana he appointed all of the above-named gen- 
tlemen, except Judge Hacker, as members of the school board for 
Iberia parish. The board tlien elected Judge Hacker as principal 
of the New Iberia City school, with supervisory powers over all 
the schools of the parish. From this time the progress of edu- 
cational work in the parish was rapid. In July, 1882, Judge 
Hacker was admitted to the bar, and resigned his official connec- 
tion with the schools, but his interest in them has continued una- 
bated. At the present time he frequently visits them, and can 
always be relied upon to give his fullest and most hearty coop- 
eration in any meritorious movement directed toward the better- 
ment of the seliools. Judge Hacker has been long identified with 
every good work that has gone forward in New Iberia and in 



BIOGRAPHICAL 189 

Iberia parish, and his name can not be disassociated with the sub- 
stantial upbuilding and material development of that section of 
Louisiana, but it is doubtful if the people, even of the locality in 
which he has passed the richly fruitful years of his useful life, 
fully appreciate the debt of gratitude they owe to him for his 
unselfish devotion to the broadening, upbuilding, purifying, and 
modernizing the educational interests of the community and of 
that portion of the State of Louisiana — indeed, of the State of 
Loiiisiana, and even beyond. We have said "the educational in- 
terests," but what does this mean other than all that can be im- 
plied in good citizenship — useful manhood and useful womanhood 
— the moral upbuilding of a section, involving, also, its spiritual 
development and expansion. Surely, a work in all respects wor- 
thy of the best among men. 

Hamilton, Fuller M., parish superintendent of education, Lake 
Charles, Calcasieu parish. La., was born near Sugartown, Cal- 
casieu (now Allen) parish. La., July 4, 1879; son of Rev. Isaac and 
Lydia E. (Simmons) Hamilton, the former of whom was born in 
St. Landry parish. La., Oct. 27, 1830, and the latter in Calcasieii 
parish, same state, Marcli 5, 1841. The paternal grandfather, Wil- 
liam Hamilton, was a native of London, England, and ran away 
from home when a boy, in company with a brother from whom 
he later became separated. The grandfather followed the business of 
a sailor in early life, and served in the English navy during the War 
of 1812. Afterward he located in St. Landry parish. La., where 
he lived during the remainder of his life, following agricultural 
pursuits. Isaac Hamilton, the father, was afforded limited edu- 
cational advantages in his youth, but by private study acquired 
a good academic education. While he was always a farmer, he was 
also an ordained minister of the Missionary Baptist church, and 
in addition to farming and stockraising, in what is now Allen par- 
ish, he preached regularly. During the Civil war he was detailed 
for home duty as a blacksmith. Puller M. Hamilton, the sou, at- 
tended the public schools of the locality in which he was born. 
Later, he attended high school at Georgetown, Tex., of which 
school his brother, D. L., was at that time superintendent, and 
where Fuller M. remained a student vmtil he had completed half 
of his senior year, following which he was engaged in teaching 
two years. In 1902 he entered the state normal school at Natchi- 
toches, La., from which he graduated 2 years later. During the 
succeeding year he filled the position of principal of the school at 
Pickering, La., and thereafter passed one year at the plantation 
home of the family. In 1906 he became principal of the Oakdale 
high school, where he remained three years, utilizing his vaca- 
tions during this time in taking special work at Louisiana State 
university. In 1909 he was elected assistant superintendent of 
the Calcasieu parish schools, imder Superintendent John Mc- 
Neese, in which capacity he served until July 1, 1913, when he 
was elected superintendent of education for Calcasieu parish, of 
which office he is incumbent at this time. Under his administra- 
tion, two bond issues, of $25,000 and $16,000, respectively, have 
been voted for high school purposes ; the school at De Quincy has 



190 LOUISIANA 

been added to the high school list; domestic science, commercial, 
and manual training departments have been established at the 
Sulphur school; principals of approved high schools have been 
placed on yearly salary, and a uniform term of 9 months for white 
and 8 months for colored pupils has been established. At the 
present time, the parish has under course of construction 3 high 
school and 2 graded brick school buildings ; 3 frame buildings 
of 2 and 3 rooms each to replace 1-room buildings, and has inaug- 
urated a general policy of larger school sites. One plot of 10 
acres and another of something more than 22 acres have been 
acquired for agricultural purposes in connection with the school 
work, and in every way a policy of expansion and iiuprovement 
of the parish schools is being vigorously pushed forward to an 
actual realization of larger, wider, more practical and more dem- 
onstrably modern and helpful educational advantages for the 
children of the people of Calcasieu parish, and in the forefront 
of this forward movement is Prof. Hamilton, tireless in his labors 
for the advancement of the interests of the parish schools. Sept. 
4, 1908, Fuller M. Hamilton was married to Miss Pearl Litton, a 
daughter of Alfred and Sally (Tatum) Litton, of Sabine parish, 
La., and 2 children have been born to their union, these being 
Versie and Herbert. Prof. Hamilton is affiliated with the Dem- 
ocratic party, and is a member of the Missionary Baptist church, 
teaching a class in the Sunday school of his local church. He is 
aiBliated, also, with the Louisiana Public School Teachers' asso- 
ciation, and is a member of the council of the latter organization. 
Hanna, Capt. J. Stonewall, secretary of the Orleans Aletal Bed 
Co., New Orleans, was born at New Orleans, La., Dec. 27, 1862; 
son of Capt. John Holmes and Elizabeth (Spires) Hanna, the for- 
mer of whom was of Irish, and the latter of English parentage. 
Capt. John Holmes Hanna, the father, was born in Londonderry, 
Ireland, May 24, 1835. His father owned and conducted a harness 
business at the place of the son's birth. The latter, through the 
days of his childhood, assisted his mother about the house, being 
the first-born of the children. His educational advantages were 
very limited, and when the lad had attained his 14th year, the 
father died, leaving the mother and 11 children. John Holmes 
was then apprenticed to a local grocer, but after 1 year he had 
fully decided that he did not like the grocery business, and fur- 
thermore, that he desired to -try his fortunes in the land across 
the sea, of which he had heard much. The mother, of course, was 
averse to parting with her first-born, but in the sincerity of her 
desire that the boy should not be hampered in availing himself of 
such slender opportunities as he might find, imaided and with but 
little education, she consented to his going, and kissing his mother 
good-bye, he set out for tlie United States, crossing the ocean on 
board a sailing vessel, the good ship Leviathan. After 21 days 
at sea, the young man landed at the great city of New York. After 
passing 1 month at the American metropolis, he started South, 
with the home of his uncle. Dr. John W. Hanna, Natchitoches, La., 
as his objective point. After an eventful trip, he reached New 
Orleans, by boat, and landed at Post 18, near the old triangle build- 



BIOGRAPHICAL 191 

ing, in front of the St. Mary market. This was in the month of April, 
1852, and upon counting his "cash on hand," the new arrival in the 
Crescent City found that he possessed just :i sovereigns. After a very 
brief look at the metropolis of the South, he made his way to Nat- 
chitoches, to pay his respects to his uncle, and while there found 
employment in the store of Creswell & Co., where he remained 
about 1 year. He then returned to New Orleans, better prepared 
for seeking work, and after a diligent search for a job at such 
work as he was then ciualified to do, secured a position as clerk 
on the levee with the firm of Sands Bros., receivers and agents for 
the largest produce house in New Orleans at that time. This work 
paid him a salary of $25 per month, but, guided by the habits 
of thrift inculcated by his mother across the sea, he was enabled 
to make this sum cover all of his expenses and yet leave some for 
savings, and after 2 years in this position he left his employers 
and boldly launched into business on his own account, as a whole- 
sale grain dealer. In the beginning he made a specialty of solicit- 
ino' business through the steamboats, plying the Red, Ouachita, 
an'd other rivers and making the port of New Orleans, and withm 
the incredibly short time of about 1 year, John Holmes Hanna 
had won the "distinction of being in control of the greater part of 
the grain busines entering tlie port of New Orleans. His business 
expanded with such rapidity that he soon became known through- 
out all the region as "The Corn King of New Orleans." However, 
the young corn operator from Londonderry, Ireland, went steadily 
ahead, and within a few years his name appeared among the list 
of directors of the New Orleans National bank. He also became 
a stockholder and a charter member of the Times-Democrat Pub- 
lishing Co., treasurer of the Orleans Metal Bed Co., and largely 
interested in the GuUett Gin Co., of Amite City, La. He continued 
active in the grain business until the year 1892, when, it is said, 
he was forced out of business by the railroads. j\Iarch 8, 1858, 
Capt. John Holmes Hanna was married to Miss Elizabeth Spires, 
who was born at Cheltenham, England, and came to America when 
14 years of age. She died in the year 1901. To their union 7 chil- 
dren were born, these being at this time: Ella Virginia, now de- 
ceased, who became the wife of Julius Hoerner, prominent in mer- 
cantile circles at Vicksburg, Miss. ; Capt. J. Stonewall Hanna, now 
vice-president of the Orleans Metal Bed Co., New Orleans; Rich- 
ard James Hanna, president of the Orleans Metal Bed Co., and 
elsewhere referred to in this work; Swinford Spires Hanna and 
Charles Holmes Hanna are now deceased; Elizabeth Lee Hanna, 
now residing at the family home on Louisiana avenue. New Or- 
leans; Robert Hanna, capitalist and stockholder in the Orleans 
Metal Bed Co., several banks and other large corporations of New 
Orleans, also elsewhere referred to in this work. J. Stonewall 
Hanna, the subject of this sketch, in the course of acquiring his edu- 
cation, attended Soule college, at New Orleans, and later the Uni- 
versity of Mississippi, at Oxford, from which he graduated with 
the class of 1879. When he had completed his education, he be- 
came assistant to his father in the grain business and remained so 
employed about 2 years, when he accepted a position as clerk on 



192 LOUISIANA 

a river boat. He remained in this latter connection imtil reaching 
his 21st year, when he received his papers as captain, authorizing 
him to navigate a river boat. From this time he continued on the 
river until 1909, in the course of this interesting experience oper- 
ating the following boats: Bart Able, Lacrona, John H. Hanua, 
Jesse K. Bell, James Wilson, John Howard, Steamboat St. John, 
Laura Lee, Maria Louise, Blanks Cornwell, H. Hanna Blanks, D. 
Stein, Clara S., Mabel Co. Mean, and the St. James, the latter 
being the last boat he operated on the river. In 1909 he retired 
from the river and became secretary and treasurer of the Or- 
leans Metal Bed Co. At this time, however, he occupies the posi- 
tion of vice-president of this corporation, of which the Hanna 
family purchased all the stock in the year 1910. This company 
owns and operates a large plant, manufacturing metal and brass 
beds and bed springs, and ships its product throughout the United 
States and Central and South America. Capt. J. Stonewall Hanna 
also is largely interested in several other important corporations 
and business enterprises in New Orleans and adjacent regions, and 
is a stockholder in the New Orleans National bank. The Gul- 
lett Gin Co., of Amite City, La.; the U. S. Trust & Savings bank, 
New Orleans ; The Times-Democrat Publisliing Co., New Orleans, 
and the Hibernia Savings bank, of New Orleans. Capt. Hanna 
is a member of Trinity Episcopal church, Jackson avenue. New 
Orleans. June 1, 1882, J. Stonewall Hanna was married to Miss 
Eloise Carey, a daughter of T. J. and Sarah (Bracken) Carey, the 
former of whom was born in Ireland, and the latter in New Or- 
leans. Five children have been born to Capt. and IMrs. Hanna, 
namely : Eloise Elizabeth, now Mrs. George W. Richardson, of 
Minneapolis, Minn. ; Ella Virginia, now Mrs. Joseph W. Dale, of 
New Orleans; Ruby Lee, John Holmes, and Ralph Stonewall, the 
latter three now residing at the parental home in New Orleans. 

Hargis, Levi M., of Tliibodaux, parish of Lafovirche, educator, 
was born Dec. 20, 1831, in Ascension parish, near Donaldsonville, 
La., the son of Thomas Hargis (native of Virginia ; died at Tliibo- 
daux), and Felonize (Cailloutte) Hargis (born in St. James parish; 
died at Thibodaux). Thomas Hargis was an architect. The sub- 
ject of this sketch was educated in private schools, finishing his 
studies under the tuition of Prof. Shipstein, with whom he sub- 
sef|iiently was associated in the conduct of a school in partner- 
ship with Drs. Moorehead and Hall. Mr. Hargis next taught in 
Thibodaux college, his special branch l)eing matheniatics ; and 
became principal of that institution, remaining in charge for 22 
years ; then taught in a private school for 3 years, when he was 
again called to fill the principalship of Thibodaux college. After 
8 years of service, he resigned in 1908, and established a private 
school, which he conducted until 1911, in which year he retired 
from Avork. With the exception of 5 years of service in the Con- 
federate army, in Company G, Lafourche Creoles, 18th La. regi- 
ment, first serving as 1st corporal, and next promoted to first lieu- 
tenant, and then to captain. Prof. Hargis was engaged in edu- 
cational work from his 18th to his 77th year. Jan. 23, 1867, Prof. 
Hargis married Miss Mary Aueoin, of Thibodaux, daughter of 



BIOGRAPHICAL 193 

Hubert Aucoin, a native of Lafourche parish, son of Hyacinthe 
Aucoin, who also was born in the parish of Lafourche. Mr. and 
Mrs. Hargis have only 1 daughter living, of 4 children. Her name 
is Lucille M. Hargis. The family are members of the Catholic 
church. In his long and useful career, devoted to education. Prof. 
Hargis had neither the time nor the inclination to belong to clubs 
and associations, but mindful of his duties as a citizen, he always 
showed an interest in public matters by affiliating with the Dem- 
ocratic party, and exercising liis right of suffrage. 

Harrell, Richard F., M. D., specialist in diseases of the eye, ear, 
nose and throat, Alexandria, La.; was born in Sparta, Bienville 
parish. La., Feb. 19, 1854; son of Rev. John A. and Eliza (Sim- 
mons) Harrell. The father was born at Twiggs, Ga. He was edu- 
cated at Pensacola, Fla., and later was married in that state. He 
located in Bienville parish. La., in 1848, and passed the remainder 
of his life in that parish, where he died at the age of 85 years. He 
was a minister of the Baptist church for many years. His father, 
Henry Harrell, was a native of Charleston, S. C, and throughout 
life followed the business of a manufacturer. The Harrell 
family in America is of English and Irish ancestry. Three broth- 
ers of the family came from England together. One of these lo- 
cated in North Carolina, one in South Carolina, and one in Ten- 
nessee, at a very early date in the history of the country. The 
mother was a native of North Carolina, and a daughter of Luke 
R. Simmons, who was long a prominent figure in political affairs 
in both North Carolina and Alabama. He served in the house of 
representatives in North Carolina, and removing to Alabama, 
served in both hovises of the Alabama legislature. Richard F. 
Harrell was the third of 7 sons born to his parents. There also 
were 3 daughters. Of these children, 5 sons and 1 daughter are 
now living. He was educated in the schools at Sparta and New 
Orleans, and then entered Tulane university, from which he grad- 
uated with the degree of i\r. D. in the class of 1879. Following 
his graduation, he located at Sparta, La., and there began the 
practice of medicine, but later removed to Mt. Lebanon, La., and 
after about 6 years at this latter location, removed to Denver, 
Colo., where he held a position during 1892-93 as an instructor in 
the Gross Medical college. At the expiration of the college term 
of the latter year, he returned to Louisiana and engaged in prac- 
tice at Ruston, where he remained 12 years. In March, 1906, he 
removed to Alexandria, La., and has since been in practice there. 
Dr. Harrell has done post-graduate work in New York, Chicago, 
London and Paris, and has visited and inspected hospitals and 
similar institutions in many parts of Europe, for purposes of ob- 
servation. He did special post-graduate work in New York City 
in 1912, and has at various times visited the city for similar pur- 
poses. Dr. Harrell is a member of the Louisiana State Medical 
society, the Rapides parish Medical society, the American Medical 
association, the Association of Railway surgeons of the Rock Is- 
land system, and is oculist and aurist for the Rock Island R. R. 
Co. and the JMissouri Pacific R. R. Co., and chairman of the sec- 
tion of eye, ear, nose and throat of the State Medical society. He 
III— 13 



194 LOUISIANA 

is also a Royal Arch Mason and a member of the "Woodmen of the 
World. Dr. Harrell has been twice married. Dee. 1, 1880, he 
was married to Miss Clara Tarver. Mrs. Harrell died in 1902, 
leaving 1 daughter, Ruth, now Mrs. C. H. Standifer, of Brady, Tex. 
Dr. Harrell 's second marriage was to ilrs. Sarah McKee, nee 
Perry, born at Montgomery, Ala., and reared in Southern Georgia. 
One daughter, Virginia, has been born to this union. The Doctor 
and his wife are members of the Baptist church, he being a deacon 
of the church. In politics he is a Democrat, and for 6 years served 
as coroner of Bienville parish. He has never sought political hon- 
ors. In public atfairs he takes a commendable interest, and is 
no less progressive as a citizen than as a physician and surgeon. 

Harrington, Eager Roy, M. D., president of the board of health 
of Natchitoches parish, member of the Natchitoches city board of 
health, is a prominent physician and surgeon in North Louisiana. 
He was born in Bastrop, parish of Morehouse, Sept. 30, 1874; the 
son of William Albert and Sarah Ann (Brown) Harrington. His 
father, a native of Ohio, came to Louisiana in 1860 and located at 
Mer Rouge, M^here he followed the profession of architect and 
builder. From his marriage Avith Miss Sarah Ann Brown, daugh- 
ter of Isaac Brown, 11 children were born, 10 of whom grew to 
maturity. Mr. Harrington died Nov. 6, 1912, aged 75 years ; his 
wife passed away in her 65th year. Dr. Harrington, the fifth child 
and second son in the family, was educated in the public schools 
of Bastrop ; studied medicine in the medical department of Tulane 
university, graduating in 1906. After practicing his profession 
at Minden, La., for 1 year, and at Trout, La., for 5 years, he came 
to Natcliitoches, where he now resides. The Doctor is a member 
of the Red River Bi-Parish Medical society, of which he is now 
president, and of the Louisiana State ]\Iedical society; the Ameri- 
can Medical association ; and of the Masonic order, the Blue Lodge, 
of which he is senior warden. Dr. Harrington married, in 1899, 
Miss Mary Carter, of Louisiana. They have 1 son, William Albert 
Harrington. 

Harris, William H., well-known New Orleans physician and 
specialist in bacteriology, was born in Chillicothe, 0., Oct. 6, 1885; 
son of Delbert and Elizabeth (Goeltz) Harris, born, respectively, in 
Virginia and Chillicothe, 0., where the mother also died in 1887. 
The father was a graduate of the University of Virginia, after- 
ward became a sculptor, and followed that profession throughout 
the remainder of his life. When 7 years old, William H. Harris was 
taken to New Orleans, La., where he afterward became a stu- 
dent at the Jesuits' college, from which institution he graduated 
in 1902 and in the same year entered the medical department of 
Tulane university, completing the course and taking his medical 
degree at Tulane in 1907, after having served 2 years — 1905-1907, 
inclusive — as interne in the New Orleans Charity hospital. For 
2 years following his graduation he engaged in private practice, 
in connection with laboratory work at Tuhine as assistant demon- 
strator in Pathology and Bacteriology. In 1909 lie gave up his 
general practice and began specializing in Patliology and Bac- 
teriology. Since 1910 lie lias been Pathologist for the Presbyterian 



BIOGRAPHICAL 195 

hospital at New Orleans, and since 1911 also instructor in Pathol- 
ogy and bacteriology in the medical department of Tulane uni- 
versity. Dr. Harris is a member of the Eoman Catholic church, and 
is also affiliated with the Orleans Parish Medical association, Lou- 
isiana State Medical association, American Medical association, 
and the Phi Chi medical fraternity. Recently Dr. Harris has come 
into national prominence through research connected with pel- 
lagra and experiments bearing upon infection of lower animals 
with that disease. The preliminary report of this work has al- 
ready been published. 

Hartson, Maurice J., of New Orleans, insurance agent, was liorn 
in Jefferson, Tex., Jan. 2, 1871, the son of Sigmund Hartson, a na- 
tive of Hamburg, Germany, who came to America when about 20 
years of age, and engaged in the wholesale dry goods business 
in New Orleans. He moved to Jefferson, Tex., "in 1870, opening 
a general merchandise store. In the midst of a successful career 
he died in Jefferson at the age of 29 years, July 19, 1871. His 
wife, Alida Freche, born in New Orleans, was the daughter of Mr. 
and Mrs. William Freche, both natives of France. Mr. Freche 
was engaged in the wholesale cooperage business, and was also 
widely-known as an. expert in champagne and wines, and in the 
blending of these products. He was for many years a resident of 
New Orleans, and was a successful man of affairs. Mrs. Hartson 
remarried after tlie death of her husband, and is still residing in 
New Orleans, the widow of Dr. J. F. Mojonnier. Maurice J. Hart- 
son is her second son by first marriage, the eldest having died when 
6 months of age. The subject of this sketcli was educated in the 
public schools, and the high school, of New Orleans. After work- 
ing as clerk for about 2 years on Mississippi river steamboats, he 
went to Orange, Tex., to take up a position with the firm of Lutcher 
& Moore, lumbermen; thence moved to Birmingham, Ala., return- 
ing to New Orleans, and securing employment with the American 
Sugar Refining Co.; next entering the service of the Southern 
Pacific R. R. Co. as manager of the Poydras warehouse. When 
that warehouse was absorbed by the N. O. Warehouse Co., Mr. 
Hart.son was made manager of the latter, and was in charge until 
June, 1913, on which date he had been manager for 20 years. Since 
1904 he has been in the general insurance business. He is vice- 
president of the Homeseekers' Building & Homestead association 
of New Orleans ; was twice elected vice-president of the Louisiana 
Homestead league. In 1904, Mr. Hartson was elected councilman- 
at-large for the third municipal district of NeAv Orleans, during 
one of the most heated of political campaigns in New Orleans. He 
was made chairman of the Public Order committee, serving 4 years. 
In 1908, he was re-elected without opposition, and again was "chair- 
man of the Public Order committee, until chosen chairman of the 
committee on Streets & Landings, to succeed Samuel T. Gately, 
deceased. He also served on the Police & Public Buildings com- 
mittee, and on the Finance committee. Many important measures, 
for the good of the community, and of the district he represented, 
were adopted by the city council, through tlie efforts of Mr. Hart- 
son. He is a member of the Woodmen of the World, and of the 



196 LOUISIANA 

Knights of Columbus. Married, Oct. 10, 1900, Miss Marguerite 
Anne Calonge, daughter of F. W. and Augusta Corinne (Bienvenu) 
Calonge, of New Orleans. Mr. and Mrs. Hartson have 7 children : 
Marguerite, Lillian, Maurice, Jr., James A., Mildred and Miriam 
(twins), and William J. The family resides in Mr. Hartson 's hand- 
some home, No. 2523 Columbus street. 

Hawthorn, John W., attorney, Alexandria, La., was born in Jack- 
son parisli. La., July 18, 1872, the son of Fred and Dorcas (Lewis) 
Hawthorn. His father was a native of Virginia and came to Lou- 
isiana in 1853, locating in Jackson parish, where he died at the 
age of 86 years. The grandfatlier, Boland, was a native of England. 
John W. Hawthoi'n's mother was born in Alabama, the daughter 
of Oliver Lewis, who was of Welsh origin. John W. Hawthorn's 
boyhood days were spent on the farm and he attended the public 
schools about 15 months. He started out at the age of 13, work- 
ing for !i!6 per month, and at the age of 19 began working in a 
saw mill, where he remained for about 1 year. He then taught 
country school 1 year, having kept i;p liis private study and thereby 
obtaining an education enabling him to teach. He then went to 
New Orleans, where he was employed for 9 years in the Federal 
custom service. W'hile in this service he studied law in Tulane 
university, from which he graduated in 1896. In 1902 he engaged 
in the practice of law at Ruston, La., where he remained until 
1909, when he located at Alexandria, forming the partnership with 
A. B. Hundley. In 1896 he married Miss IMabel Lewis, daughter of 
Robert M. and Eliza (Stinson) Lewis. To Mr. and Mrs. Haw- 
thorn 4 children have been born, as follows: Robert B., Mabel, 
Lillian and jMildred. ]\Ir. Hawthorn is a member of the B. P. O. E. 
and of the Unitarian church. He is a self-made man in every sense 
of the word. 

Heath, Arthur G., M. D., of Shreveport, La., prominent in his 
profession, was born Dee. 5, 1888, in Minden, Webster parish, La., 
the son of George L. and Callie (Kinnebrew) Heath. His father, a 
native of Georgia, emigrated to Louisiana, and engaged in general 
mercantile Imsiness at Homer, Clailiorne parish, where he is looked 
upon as one of the substantial citizens of the town. Mrs. Heath 
was born in Louisiana and is still living. The family is composed 
of 3 children: L. Eddie Heath, a business man residing in Homer; 
Annie K., professor of music in the Homer high school ; and Dr. 
Arthur G. Heath. The latter became a citizen of Homer when his 
parents removed from Minden, during his infancy. After going 
through the usual preliminary studies in private schools, he en- 
tered the Ouachita Baptist college, and leaving the latter institu- 
tion, matriculated in tlie medical department of the University of 
Nashville, from which he graduated May, 1910, afterwards passing 
an examination before the Louisiana state board of medical ex- 
aminers. Dr. Heath continued his medical studies at Homer, at 
the sanitarium, in association with Dr. Gibson, and in 1912 was 
elected the secretary of that ('stal)lishment. At intervals since the 
year ]910, Dr. Heath practiced at Colciuitt, and at Homer. In tlie 
latter part of the year 1912 lie accepted a position on the house 
staff of the Grace hospital at Detroit, Mich., resigning in 1913 to 




Alvin E. IIkbiort 
Secretary of State 



BIOGRAPHICAL 197 

occupy the place of surgeon for the Dodge Brothers' Automobile 
]\Ianufacturing Co., with which corporation he remained until the 
end of 1913. Dr. Heath then established himself in Shreveport. 

Hebert, Alvin Edward, attorney and secretary of state of Lou- 
isiana — Baton Rouge, La. — was born at the family farm home, 
near Plaquemine, La., Jan. 5, 1878 ; son of the late Alexander and 
Clarissa Elizabeth (Roth) Hebert. The son was reared on the 
plantation, and in the local parochial schools received his early 
scholastic training. In Sept., 1891, at the age of 13 years, he 
matriculated at Spring Hill college, IMobile, Ala., where he com- 
pleted a classical course, graduating in 1897 with the degree of 
bachelor of arts. From the same institution he received the degree 
of master of arts in 1898, and in 1912 the degree of doctor of laws 
was conferred upon liim by Spring Hill college. In the law school 
of Tulane university of Louisiana, Mr. Herbert studied for 
the legal profession, and in 1899 passed an examination before 
the supreme court of Louisiana and received his license to practice 
as an attorney. Shortly following this he began the practice of 
law in New Orleans, where his abilities soon won recognition, and 
the young attorney rose rapidly in the ranks of his profession. 
During a term of nearly 11 years he was associated with Mr. John 
Dymoud, Jr., in professional practice. Aug. 22, 1902, he was com- 
missioned a notary public. As a member of the Democratic party, 
ilr. Hebert has l)een active in politics since early manhood, and in 
1912 received the nomination of his party for the office of secre- 
tary of state, being thereafter successfully elected to that impor- 
tant station for a term of four years, which he is now serving with 
a manifest ability that is pleasing to the most sanguine of his 
numerous friends. Jan. 6, 1909, Mr. Hebert was married to Miss 
Beatrice Berthelot, a daughter of the late Victor Berthelot, a 
prominent sugar planter of Iberville parish, and they have 3 chil- 
dren, namely : Alvin Edward, Jr., Beatrice, and Dorothy, ilr. 
Hebert is an active member of the Louisiana bar associatiou. 

Hebert, Clarence Samuel, lawyer, is a native son of Louisiana, 
l)oru in Iberville parish, Aug. 1, 1875; the son of Alexander and 
Clarissa (Roth) Hebert. His parents were born in the parish of 
Iberville, and his paternal grandfather, Ribert Hebert, also was 
born in this same parish, and was a prominent planter, residing at 
St. Raphael's, opposite St. Gabriel, in Iberville parish. Alexander 
Hebert, born Jan. 13, 1840, served 4 years in the Confederate army, 
in which he enlisted as a private, but the major poi-tion of the 
time he served as captain under Col. William G. Vincent. He be- 
came a lawyer, and served with distinction for 16 years as dis- 
trict attorney of the district composed fu'st of Iberville, East and 
"West Baton Rouge parishes, and later of Iberville, West Baton 
Rouge and Pointe Coupee, and for years he was identitied with 
the educational interests of his locality, being a member of the 
public school board and also parish superintendent of public 
schools. jMr. Hebert 's mother died in 1881, and his father died 
in 1913. ilr. Hebert is a descendant of the Acadians, who came 
to Louisiana about the middle of the 18th century. Hon. Paul 
Octave Hebert, 12th governor of the State of Louisiana, was of the 



198 LOUISIANA 

same family. lu Plaqnemiue, Mr. Hebert was reared, and there 
given his pi-eliminary education. From Spring Hill college he re- 
ceived his degree of A. B., in 1894, and that of A. M., in 1895, and 
still later, in 1907, that institution conferred upon him the degree 
of LL.D. He took up the study of law in Tulane university after 
graduating at Spring Hill, and he received the degree of LL.B. in 
1895, in which year he was admitted to the bar. At his home city, 
Plaquemine, he began the practice of law in association with his 
father. In 1903, j\Ir. Hebert was appointed assistant treasurer of 
the United States at New Orleans, which position he held until 

1911, when he was appointed collector of customs. Mr. Hebert 
has been a resident of New Orleans since Sept., 1903, when he en- 
tered upon his duties as assistant U. S. treasurer. In politics he 
is a Republican ; in church faith, a Catholic ; fraternally, a mem- 
ber of the Knights of Columbus and the Benevolent & Protective 
Order of Elks. In the practice of law he is associated with the 
firm of Guion, Lambremout & Hebert, with offices at 412, 413 and 
414 Godchaux building. His partners are Judge Walter Guion, and 
former Lieut-Gov. P. M. Lambemont. Hon. Alvin E. Hebert, a brother, 
is now secretary of state, having been elected to that position in April, 

1912. In 1896, Mr. Hebert married Miss Ethel Ducote, daughter 
of Dr. C. J. Ducote, a prominent physician of Avoyelles parish, 
La., \Vho served 4 years as state senator and 1 term as president of 
of the state medical society. Six children have been born unto 
Mr. and Mrs. Hebert : They are by name as follows : C. J. Ducote, 
a student at the Louisiana State university; Zilpah, Mercia, Mollie 
Day, Elizabeth and Clarence Samuel Hebert 11. 

Henderson, James Alfred, M. D., New Orleans; was born in New 
York City, Feb. 11, 1881 ; son of William H. and Clara (Ulman) 
Henderson. The father was born in New York City, and is now a 
resident of New Orleans; mother was born in Bay St. Louis, Miss., 
and is living at this time. Members of the Henderson family have 
long been residents of New York state. The maternal grandfather, 
James Ulman, was a native of Boston, Mass. He located at New 
Orleans when cpite a young man, and shortly afterward was at- 
tacked with yellow fever. Following his recovery, he engaged in 
business as architect and builder, and some time afterward moved 
to Bay St. Louis, Miss.. He was soon elected mayor of Bay St. 
Louis, and took an important part in the growth and de- 
velopment of the town and its surroundings, in the course of which 
improvement he supervised tlie erection of many of the most im- 
portant biiildings. During the Civil war he served in the Confed- 
erate army, and was also engaged in the manufacture of gun- 
powder and cannon for the army. He died at Bay St. Louis, being 
at the time of his death mayor of the city. In 1897 William H. 
Henderson, with his family, located at Bay St. Louis, and has since 
that time conducted an insurance business there. James Alfred 
Henderson was educated in public and private schools at New 
York City. In 1889 he entered the medical department of Tulane 
university, graduating in 1903. Immediately afterward he was ap- 
pointed medical inspector for the Louisiana state board of health, 
and after serving in this position about 12 months was sent to 



BIOGRAPHICAL 199 

Beaumont, Tex., in the U. S. Marine hospital service, in connection 
with a yellow fever epidemic in Texas, remaining there until the 
epidemic conditions had passed. In 1904: he began the practice 
of medicine in the city of New Orleans, and has so continued. In 
1904 he was commissioned by Gov. Blanchard as assistant sur- 
geon of the Naval Jlilitia, and has since received a commission 
from Gov. Hall, as surgeon with the rank of lieutenant-commander. 
At the present time he is one of the senior assistants to Dr. Dana, 
at the New Orleans charity hospital. Dr. Henderson has been a 
member of the Commission board of health of New Orleans since 
1912, and was also a member of the City board of health previous 
to that time. The Doctor is a member of the Louisiana State and 
Orleans parish medical associations and of the Young Men's gym- 
nastic club. He is engaged in general practice and surgery. 

Henriques, Albert David, distinguished criminal lawyer and a 
prominent citizen of New Orleans, was born on the Island of St. 
Thomas, Jan. 26, 1842. His parents were Jacob and Rachael 
(Desola) Henriques. His father was a native of England and so 
was his paternal grandfather, but his paternal great-grandfather 
was born in Spain, and the name Henriques is of Spanish origin. 
The mother of Mr. Henriques was born on the Island of St. Thomas 
and was of Holland parentage. Mr. Henriques was sent to New 
Orleans to be educated in the year 1852. In 1854 his father re- 
moved to this city. In 185;:!, in order to escape the yellow fever 
then raging in New Orleans, he was sent to the city of New York 
where he attended a private school and later New York college. 
In 1856 he returned to New Orleans and became a law student in 
the office of Judge J. B. Cotton. In 1860 he graduated in the 
law from the University of Louisiana, and in March, 1861, he was 
admitted before the supreme court of Louisiana to practice law, 
but he did not then begin the practice of law, for the Civil war 
came on, and in April, 1861, he enlisted in the Confederate army as 
a private in Company A, New Orleans cadets, which was com- 
manded by Capt. Charles D. Dreux. He served in the army for 
4 years, 1 month and 1 day. During the first year, Mr. Henriques 
served in the infantry, and thereafter in the artillery, under Capt. 
Charles E. Penner. During the trying days of the reconstruction 
period following the Civil war, Mr. Henriques was active in re- 
gaining control of affairs from the "carpet-baggers," and by 
reason of his connection with an organized company at that time 
he has since borne among those who know him the title of cap- 
tain. Soon after the war, Capt. Henriques actively entered into 
the practice of law in New Orleans, and for a period of nearly a 
half-century he has been numbered among the leading lawyers of 
the New Orleans bar. For more than 20 years he has made a spe- 
cialty of the criminal law, and during this period has been con- 
nected with many of the most important criminal cases in New 
Orleans and other parts of the state. He lias won an enviable rep- 
utation as a criminal lawyer, being recognized as one of the ablest 
criminal lawyers of the South. Mr. Henriques has never sought 
political preferment, and aside from being for 4 years assistant 
district attorney and for 2 years attorney for the collector of in- 



200 ' LOUISIANA 

lieritance taxes, he has held no political positiou. In politics he 
has always been an ardent Democrat, and he is a communicant 
of the Episcopal church. In 1868 Capt. Henriques and Margaretta 
Elodia Clark were united in marriage. Mrs. Henriques was born 
in New Orleans, and her father was the late James S. Clark, who 
came from Kentucky to New Orleans, where he became a mer- 
chant. He was a Confederate veteran and served with gallantry 
in the war of secession. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Henriques were born 
the following children: James C. Henriques, a lawyer; Nellie 
Frederica; Albert D., a lawyer; Mai'garet B., and Joseph. The 
last named is deceased. 

Henriques, James C, lawyer and resident of New Orleans, was 
born in this city, April 17, 1870, and is a son of Albert David Hen- 
riques, a distinguished criminal lawyer, a personal sketch of whom 
appears elsewhere in this volume. Mr. Henriques was reared in 
New Orleans, where he attended the public schools. He entered 
Tulane university, and after becoming a member of the Junior 
class, he cjuite the university to learn the patternmaker's trade. 
His purpose was to become a mechanical engineer, but after 3 
years of experience in the machine shop, Mr. Henriques took up 
the study of law, and in 1893 graduated from Tulane university, 
and in association with the late Branch K. Miller, he began the 
practice of law. He remained with Mr. IMiller iintil the latter 's 
death in 1906, since when Mr. Henriques has been alone in the 
practice of law. For years he has been active in politics as a Dem- 
ocrat. In 1900 he was elected a member of the Louisiana legisla- 
ture, and for 12 years served in tlie lower house. He drafted the 
bill that became the present primary election law of the state; 
he introduced the bill providing for the issilance, by the Dock 
Board, of bonds for building wharves, and also the bill for the 
erection of the new courthouse in New Orleans, and in 1912 closed 
his last term in the legislature. For the last 17 years Mr. Henriques 
has been a member of the Orleans Parish Democratic commit- 
tee, of which he is the present chairman. 

Henry, Burt W., is a native son of Louisiana. He was born in 
the city of New Orleans, Feb. 5, 1878, as the youngest of 5 children 
born unto William and Sarah (IMcDonough) Henry. The parents 
were born in Ireland; the father in Belfast, and the mother in Dub- 
lin. They were brought to this country when young, by their par- 
ents, the Henry family settling at Thornton, Canada, and the Mc- 
Donough family located at New Orleans. William Henry, the 
father, grew to manhood in Canada and as a young man came to 
New Orleans, where he met and married Sarah McDonough. He 
was a veteran of the Jlexican war, in which he served with gal- 
lantry. In New Orleans he engaged in contracting business in the 
firm of Fayssoux & Henry, which were builders of railways and 
constructors of streets. The firm became prominent and success- 
ful, and Mr. Henry was held in high esteem as a business man and 
honored as a progressive citizen. He died at New Orleans, Feb. 
2, 1888, at the age of 66 years, and his wife survived him for 20 
years. Slic died in 1908 at the age of 72 years. They had the fol- 
lowing children: Wallace B., William A. (deceased), Burt W. 



BIOGRAPHICAL 201 

Sarali, Laura, and JIaiy. The children were reared in New Or- 
leans, and the family has long been numbered among the promi- 
nent of the city. Burt W. Henry, whose name forms the caption 
of this personal sketch, was prepared for college in Leche's school 
of New Orleans. He then took an academic course in Tulane uni- 
versity, from which institution he graduated in the law, receiving 
the degree of LL.B. in 1899. Since 1901, ]\Ir. Henry has been con- 
tinuously engaged in the practice of law in New Orleans, and dur- 
ing t'his period of time has built up a remunerative practice and 
won for himself an enviable reputation as a lawyer. He has never 
sought political preferment, his preference being to devote his 
time and energy to his professional work. Mr. Henry is prominent 
in fraternal and club relations. He is a thirty-second degree Scot- 
tish Rite Jlason and a member of the Ancient Arabic Order of No- 
bles of the Mystic Shrine, and is also a member of the Boston and 
Louisiana clubs, of New Orleans. 

Herndon, Edward B., of Slu-eveport, La., lawyer, was born Jlareh 
12, 1849, in Jlead County, Kentucky, the son of William and ilary 
(Woolfolk) Herndon, who were both natives of Virginia, and who 
emigrated to Texas in 1861 and owned a plantation. They removed to 
Louisiana in 1868, locating on a plantation 4 miles from Shreveport. 
Mr. Herndon was 56 years old, and his wife, 76, when death overtook 
them. Edward B. Herndon was the third son in the family of six. 
He was reared in Kentucky and in Texas, and was educated at Waco, 
Texas, university; also under private tutors, and at the University 
of Virginia, graduating with the degi-ee of Bachelor of Laws in 1870. 
He went, soon after receiving his diploma, to Shreveport, where he has 
been practising his profession during the last 44 years, an honorable, 
able and veteran practitioner. He has held public office but twice : as 
parish attorney for the Parish of Caddo, and as member of the city 
council. He is the owner of a large plantation, 7 miles from Shreve- 
port ; is a member of the order Knights of Pythias. Oct. 14, 1874, Mr. 
Herndon married Miss Mary F. Wise, daughter of Dr. Jacob S. Wise, 
of Greenwood, Caddo parish. They are the parents of 2 children, 
Mary S., ^vife of R. 0. Alexander, of Charlotte, N. C, and Edward 
B. Jr., in partnership with his father in the practice of law. 

Herold, Arthur A., M. D., suecesful physician and surgeon, Shreve- 
port, was born at Shreveport. La., Feb. 3, 1882; son of Simon and 
Rosa (Simmons) Herold, the former of whom was born in Germany 
and the latter in the state of New York. The father died in 1909, 
mother in 1914. Arthur A. Herold 's boyhood was passed in the city 
in which he was born, where, in the course of his education, he attended 
the public schools and in due time graduated from the high school. 
Following the completion of his academic education the young man 
accepted a position as bookkeeper for mercantile houses and remained 
in this position about 5 years, when he resigned to matriculate in the 
medical department of Tulane university, at New Orleans, from which 
institution of learning he graduated with the degree of M. D. in the 
class of 1907, having in the meantime served 2 yeai-s as an interne at 
the New Orleans charity hospital. Shortly following his graduation 
the doctor opened oiHces at the city of Shreveport and has since de- 
voted his abilities to the practice of his profession in that city, and 



202 LOUISIANA 

with most gratifying success. He is a member of the American 
Medical, Shreveport Medical, Tri-State Medical, and Railway Sur- 
geons associations; Shreveport Lodge No. 122, Benevolent and Pro- 
tective Order of Elks, and Shreveport Camp No. 571, Woodmen of the 
"World. The doctor served as health officer for the city of Shreve- 
port during the year 1912, but resigned to accept the office of coroner, 
to which he had been elected and of which position he is incumbent at 
this time. He also acts as surgeon for the Kansas City Southern & 
Texas & Pacific R. R., and as medical examiner for a number of in- 
surance companies doing business at Shreveport. Jan. 24, 1912, Dr. 
Herold was married to Miss Eda Loeb, a daughter of Mr. H. Loeb of 
Shreveport. Two sons, Simon and Herman, has been born to their 
union. 

Hester, Henry Garretson, world-famoi;s authority and cotton 
statistician, secretary and superintendent of the New Orleans cotton 
exchange, was born in the city of New Orleans, La., Nov. 18, 1846. 
His father, Charles Hester, was a British subject, and was very prom- 
inent in real estate circles of New Orleans and Louisiana years ago. 
Henry Garretson Hester, the son, was educated in the public schools 
of New Orleans and later studied law in the office of the late Judge 
H. P.. Eggleston for a considerable time, but did not prosecute his legal 
studies to a conclusion, being attracted, it appears, by the lure of the 
reportorial field, which, as the years have gone by, has been the school 
from which so many men of brilliant achievements have graduated 
He became a reporter for the Price Current, then a famous commer- 
cial and financial paper published at New Orleans, and in addition 
to his duties in connection with the Price Current soon also filled the 
position of financial editor of the Daily Picayune. Then, in this 
double capacity, seemingly content with the material at hand upon 
which to exercise his energies and apply his abilities, the young man 
settled down to the work of developing a career that has challenged the 
attention and compelled the admiration of the agricultural, commer- 
cial and financial world. His connection with a number of organiza- 
tions of importance rapidly developed his abilities as a man of figures, 
and upon the organization of the New Orleans cotton exchange in 1871 
young Hester was urged by its founders to accept the position of 
secretary of the exchange, though there were many applications for 
this place. He finallj' consented to take the seeretai-yship on condi- 
tion that it was not to be allowed to interfere with his other work. It 
is said that never for a moment since his installation as secretary of 
the New Orleans cotton exchange, even during the years through 
which he served as associate editor of the Cotton World, has he been 
out of touch with the workings of that institution, even though ab- 
sent from the city for longer or shorter periods. He originated and 
perfected the system of statistics that is used, and has made it prob- 
ably the most perfect system known. Throughout the world his statis- 
tics on the cotton crop have become famous and invaluable. Speaking 
of this early work some years ago, the famous secretary said: "I 
worked on the subject of telegrai)hie information and perfected the 
system to such an extent that men in the cotton trade found the ad- 
vantages so great that they could not well do business outside the ex- 
change. I organized a system of statistical information especially de- 



BIOGRAPHICAL 203 

signed for the business of the South that was afterward copied by the 
exchanges of Savannah, Mobile, Charleston, Galveston, Houston and 
other places, where they were subsequently organized. At that time 
we furnished merely daily information, but after a few years I made 
up my mind that a statement of the entire cotton crop movement was 
needed. We called a convention of the all the cotton exchanges in the 
country to arrange a perfect news system and other matters of com- 
mon interest to cotton centers. The result was an arrangement by 
which we took in hand and gave out figures monthly. This combina- 
tion was kept up for quite a number of years. The first national sec- 
retary was John S. Toof, of Memphis, and subsequently S. H. Buck, 
of New Orleans, but the statistics of the National Cotton exchange 
were made up by myself. Finally Mr. Toof retired, and I was per- 
suaded to take the national secretaryship, which I held for some time 
in conjunction with the secretaryship of the New Orleans Cotton ex- 
change. After some years I, too, retired from the position, being suc- 
ceeded for several yeai-s by C. Harrison Parker, and later the National 
exchange, having accomplished the work for which it was instituted, 
was abandoned." The secretary referred to the testimonial given him 
by the National exchange at the time of its meeting at Old Point Com- 
fort, which he has framed and hung upon the wall in his office. This 
represented the sentiment of the cotton business of the United States. 
Secretary Hester was one of the representatives of New Orleans at all 
of the conventions of the National Cotton exchange during its exis- 
tence. That organization, he says, did a great deal of good in the way 
of bringing about a cordial feeling among all branches of the trade 
throughout the country, and laid the groundwork for material im- 
provements in the system of gathering information about the growing 
crop. This noted citizen of New Orleans has held a great many im- 
portant commissions not directly connected with, but growing out of, 
his eminent standing in the cotton world. In the 70 's he was expert 
for the Bureau of Internal Commerce, Treasury Department, getting 
up reports on the commerce of New Orleans and the industries and 
agriculture of Louisiana. He held this commission eleven years. He 
was a delegate to the convention of cotton trades of the United States, 
a delegate to the Southern Postal convention at Old Point Comfort, 
and has represented the New Orleans Cotton exchange at many im- 
portant gatherings of those directly interested in the South 's great 
staple since the New Orleans Cotton exchange was organized. Gov. 
M. J. Poster made Sec. Hester a member of his staff, with the rank 
of colonel, and he held the same position on the staffs of Gov. W. W. 
Heard and Gov. J. Y. Sanders. Gov. Foster also appointed Col. Hes- 
ter a memlier of the state board of labor and arbitration. He was 
elected president of that board, and took am active part in efforts to 
settle labor troubles in the city of New Orleans, especiallj' in the case 
of the differences between the street railway company and its em- 
ployes. He was vice-chairman of the Merchants' Committee on Labor. 
He was a delegate-at-large to the State constitutional convention of 
1898, and during the sessions of that assembly filled the position of 
chairman to the committees on Agriculture and Immigration, on Cor- 
porations and Corporate Rights, and on Affairs of the city of New 
Orleans. When the question of the selection of a member of the 



204 LOUISIANA 

Panama Canal commission from the South was raised, Col. Hester 
was at once put forward by his friends. He was indorsed by the 
financial centers of the whole South, and his fitness recognized through- 
out the country, but it was decided that an engineer was required in 
this position, and therefore Maj. B. M. Harrod received the appoint- 
ment. Col. Hester's candidacy at that time demonstrated in a re- 
markable manner the confidence and esteem in which he is held by the 
imited commercial interests of the Nation. He has written a great 
deal for publication on financial and commercial subjects, at the same 
time never for a moment failing to keep thoroughly up with the in- 
tricate duties of his varied important commissions. Though a mem- 
ber of many clubs. Col. Hester is essentially a home-loving man, mark- 
edly fond of the society of his own fireside. He is a member of the 
Boston club, Choctaw club, the Democratic Central club of the city, 
a Mason and an Elk : was a member of the city sewerage and water 
board, when it handled the great problems involved in the proper 
sewerage and drainage of the city of New Orleans, and quite probably 
•at least half a dozen other really important commissions that might be 
enumerated here. This will suffice, however, to convey something like 
an adequate idea as to what a busy man the secretary of the New 
Orleans Cotton exchange is. The exchange has had many succeed- 
ing presidents, but each of these, in turn, has had the benefit of the 
ability and conscientious faithfulness of the secretary without a peer, 
to guide the new executive in the administration of his office. One 
of the marked characteristics of Col. Hester has always been his un- 
failing good humor and his ready accessibility to newspaper repre- 
sentatives and others having legitimate claims to his attention. He 
has never forgotten, it appears, that reporters have a mission, and 
that it is for the public that they are working when they seek infor- 
mation about the exchange or about other matters with which he may 
be for the time connected. As pertinent to this characteristic, it is 
interesting to briefly note here some expressions from a newspaper- 
man in a city distant from New Orleans after having interviewed Col. 
Hester for his paper. Said this knight of the pencil: "The greatest 
of the world's cotton experts is a remarkable man. Per.sonally, See. 
Hester is one of the frankest, happiest, and most engaging of men. 
He has the open smile of a manly boy, and possesses that greatest of 
all blessings to bus}' men, that of leaving his business in his place of 
business, ban-ed in and locked, when he goes home or away for recre- 
ation. He is the easiest, most gracious, and most helpful man in giv- 
ing an interview whom I have met during more than 20 years of 
newspaper work. What he has to say he says in a direct and logical 
way that makes it easy to follow him accurately, and all the time he 
is the cultured gentleman of sweet civility. How happy and charm- 
ing is all this, and how strikingly in contrast with the bad manners 
and vulgar patronage of the horde of rude upstarts in politics and 
business who conceive it to be the part of their poor little greatness 
to be rude to reporters, and who will then sneak around and try to 
get themselves into the new.spa.pers. * * » He is a small, thick-set, 
agile man, with hair and mustache almost white, clear blue eyes, and 
a round and rosy face that does not indicate he was born in the year 
1846. He received me as cordially as if I had been an old friend, and 



BIOGRAPHICAL 205 

when I began the generally unpleasant task of interviewing him, I ex- 
perienced the sensation of having known him long and well. Such 
ease and grace and abundant good nature I do not remember to have 
observed in a great man more than once before in my experience. He 
made my 'assignment' a delightful recreation. Not only was my old- 
time admiration of him, whom personally I had merely seen once be- 
fore, heightened, but I left him with a feeling on my part of affection- 
ate friendship." Newspaper men throughout the civilized world have 
written about Col. Hester, of the New Orleans Cotton exchange, and 
the above quotation from one of these writers affords an apt expres- 
sion of the universal esteem in which he is held by the newspaper 
fraternity. Volumes could be made from articles published in news- 
papers and magazines throughout Europe and America reviewing the 
work of Col. Hester and commending the able secretary, but as space 
in this work is necessarily limited it is obligatory that only a few very 
brief extracts be made from the many available. Prom a lengthy 
article published in a distant city the following small portion is taken : 
"Sec. Hester was chosen for the secretaryship of the New Orleans ex- 
change, the most responsible and the most confidential business posi- 
tion in the entire South, when the exchange was first organized, and 
when he was then but 22 years old, early in the year 1871, and from 
the day he assumed that great trust down to this hour he has com- 
manded, and, best of all, fully deserved, the entire confidence of all 
the cotten men of the- South. At times when other experts were 
justly or unjui^tly brought under suspicion, and when disappointed 
speculators went so far as to reflect upon the integrity of even the 
Agricultural Department of the Government, See. Hester stood upon 
a proud plane above all clouds of doubt and mistrust, and only words 
of honor and confidence were spoken of him. He stood a 'still strong 
man in a blatant land, ' one who was calm in the confusion of tongues 
that made bedlam about the tower of Mammon." The following few 
words are taken from an extended article published in the Daily Picay- 
une, of New Orleans: "Henry Garretson Hester, wtIio is so well- 
known to everybody in New Orleans, not only cotton exchange people, 
but citizens in every walk of life, has been so familiarly associated 
with the daily life of the city that most people have overlooked the 
fact that he is quite as well-known in commercial circles North, and 
in Europe as he is here. They think of him mainly as 'Col. Hester 
of the cotton exohange,' member of the clubs, member of the Sewerage 
and Water Board, and a good-humored and friendly neighbor. Of 
course, everybody knows about 'Hester's Report' on cotton, but that 
is as a matter-of-fact here, when thi-oughout the cotton world it is a 
great business agency." 

Hester, John Gilmer, extensive real estate operator, Shreveport, 
La., was born at Homer, La., July 4, 1881 ; son of William Davies and 
Sallie (Christian) Hester, the former of whom was a native of the 
state of Georgia and came to Louisiana with his parents about the 
year 1846. His active life was devoted to the avocation of a Louisiana 
planter, in which he was successful. He died at about the age of 60 
years. The mother was a native of the state of Louisiana, and a 
daughter of John Gilmer and Susan Christian, whose ancestors were 
among the early settlers in Louisiana. John Gilmer Hester was the 



206 LOUISIANA 

seventh of 8 children born to his parents. After attendance at the 
public schools he matriculated at Keatchie college, which institution 
he attended until within 1 year of graduation. Shortly following the 
completion of his education he became associated with W. C. Perrin 
in the real estate business at Shreveport, and continued in this con- 
nection until the death of Mr. Perrin some time later, when he suc- 
ceeded to the business of the firm, which has since been conducted in 
the name of J. G. Hester, real estate operator, and has grown to the 
proportions of one of the largest pi-ivate entei-prises in Louisiana. At 
this time Mr. Hester is handling an addition to the city of Shreveport 
known as "Exposition Heights," in which he is selling lots. He has 
built more than 500 homes in the city of Shreveport, and for some 
.years past has been one of the most active and potent factors in the 
rapid development and upliuilding of that handsome and progressive 
city. He is a member of Shreveport Lodge No. 122, Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks, a.nd is a member of the board of directors 
of the Louisiana State fair, that has been of almost incalculable value 
to North Louisiana and adjoining states in recent years. He is a 
remarkably active, progressive and sagacious public-spirited citizen 
who believes in building a town on such model plans that the whole 
community may participate in the practical and enduring results. In 
1903 Mr. Hester was married to Miss Julia Stoer, daughter of Charles 
Stoer, a native of the city of Bayou Sara, La. Mr. and Mrs. Hester 
have 2 daughters, viz. : Julia Grace and Virginia Ruth. As affording 
the rarest kind of a tribute to the integrity of an individual member 
of a business community, espeeiall,y Avhen the age of the subject is 
taken into consideration, the following extract is made from a recent 
issue of the Shreveport Times, referring to Mr. Hester, the subject 
of this sketch: "The popular idea that the world shuns a troubled 
man must be discarded since a meeting held yesterda.v afternoon of 
the creditors of J. G. Hester, real estate operator. The gathering, 
called for the purpose of arranging some form of settlement of Mr. 
Hester's financial difficulties, was attended by about 50 of the leading 
bankers, business men, and attorneys of Shreveport. The meeting 
was held at 4 o'clock, and resolved itself almost immediatel.y into a 
remarkable expression of confidence in the business capacity of Mr. 
Hester and a generous tribute to the splendid part he has played in 
the development of Shreveport. Speaker after speaker declared Mr. 
Hester was worthy of all confidence. Some expressed their willingness 
to waive their claims; others said their financial resources were at the 
disposal of Mr. Hester. The original proposition of Mr. Hester and 
his attorney, Mr. John D. Wilkinson, was to put the business of Mr. 
Hester in bankruptcy, but his creditors would not hear of it. In the 
end it was decided to have the business conducted by three trustees — 
L. E. Thomas, president of the Continental bank; S. W. Smith, presi- 
dent of the American National bank, and Robert R. Emery, real estate 
and insiu'ance man. A committee of 3 lawyers: Leon R. Smith. E. 
B. Herndon, Sr., and E. Wayles Browne, was appointed to di-aw up 
the necessary documents putting the trustee plan into effect. An 
agreement was reached unanimously by the creditors to have the trus- 
tees employ Mr. Hester, at a good salary, as sales agent. It was origi- 
nally proposed to have Mr. Hestea* named as one of the trustees, but 



BIOGRAPHICAL 207 

as he will have to transfer his property to the trustees, and would thus 
be placed in the attitude of transferring it to himself, this idea had 
to be abandoned. A rough statement of the liabilities of Mr. Hester 
showed them to be $140,000. His assets, consisting of property, have 
an aggregate value of .$180,000, or thereabout, if they are not disposed 
of at forced sale. Among those who paid tribute to Mr. Hester's great 
work as a progressive developer of Shreveport, and to his well-recog- 
nized business acumen, were Lieut.-Gov. Barret, Hon. William Win- 
ter E B. Herndon, Sr., S. W. Smith and Gabe Leadmann. There 
were numerous others. Not a single discordant note was heard at the 
meeting Not a creditor expressed a desire to secure or collect his 
claim. ^ It was altogether one of the most remarkable tributes ever 
paid to a business man of Shreveport or anywhere else. 

HofiFpauer, Ma,nasseh L., M. D., well-known physician of Crowley 
Louisiana, was born April 15, 1871, in St. Landry (now Acadia) 
pari.sh His father, Manasseh Hoffpauer, a native of Lafayette par- 
ish (May 25, 1825), was a stock-raiser and planter. At the outbreak 
of the civil war of 1861-65, be enlisted in a Louisiana regiment, served 
until peace was restored, then returned to Acadia parish, where he 
died Nov 23, 1906. His widow, Octavia McClelland Hoft'pauer, born 
in St. Landry parish, in 1830, died in Acadia parish in 1908. The 
Hoffpauer family ranks with the pioneer settlers of southern and 
southwestern Louisiana. Dr. HofPpauer's paternal great-grand- 
father emigrated from Germany to Louisiana, and his son was born 
in that state. Benjamin McClelland, father of Mrs. Octavia McClel- 
land Hofifpauer, came from Kentucky to southwestern Louisiana when 
he was a young man. The subject of this sketch is the youngest of 8 
children, 5 of whom are living: Archibald, residing in Shreveport; 
Abner, a citizen of Acadia parish ; Erath, Raymond and Manasseh L , 
residents of Acadia. Dr. Hoffi^auer was educated in the public schools 
of his native place and at Acadia college. In 1890 and 1891 he at- 
tended the commercial college of Kentucky xmiversity; and in the 
Fall of 1891 matriculated in the medical department of Tulane uni- 
versity, served 1 year as extern at the Charity hospital. New Orleans, 
and graduated in 1894. Soon after receiving his diploma. Dr. Hoff- 
pauer opened an office at Crowley. In 1899 he took a course at the 
New York post-graduate school and hospital ; and on 3 different occas- 
ions did post-graduate work at Tulane medical department. Besides 
his extensive medical practice. Dr. Hoffpauer is interested in politics 
and business. He served 1 term as deputy-coroner of Acadia parish, 
and is 1 of 3 citizens owning and conducting the Pelican drug-store 
of Crowley. He is a member of the Louisiana State Medical society; 
the American Medical association ; and in secret and fraternal orders 
is affiliated with the Masons (32d degree), the Shriners, the Knights 
of Pythias, and the Odd Fellows. Nov. 7, 1900, there took place the 
marriage of Dr. Hoffpauer and Miss Estelle Clark, the daughter of 
Raymond T. Clark who was clerk of court of Acadia parish, and oc- 
cupied that office during 17 years; also was .supervisor of census for 
the 7th congressional district. Two children, Sterling Clark, and Lil- 
lian Clark Hoffpauer, have been born of that union. Dr. Hoffiiauer 
is a member of the Methodist Episcopal church, and in politics is a 
firm supporter of the Democratic party. 



208 LOUISIANA 

Holcombe, Charles A., district attorney, Baton Rouge, La., was 
born in East Feliciana parish, La., Sept. 6, 1884; son of Dr. A. R. 
and Lula (G-ardon) Holeombe, both of whom were born in the State 
of Louisiana. The father is at this time a practicing physician at 
Jackson, La. The mother died at the age of about 32 years. Five 
sons and 1 daughter were born to their union, of whom Charles A. 
Holcomlie was the 3rd son. He attended the public schools of the local- 
ity in which he was born, later graduating from Centenai-y college, 
Jackson, La. After the completion of his academic education he en- 
tered the law school of Tulane university, from which in due time he 
graduated with the class of 1905. Shortly following his graduation 
he opened law offices at Baton Rouge and there began a legal practice 
that soon brought him into note as a learned and able counselor-at- 
law. In the year 1910 he was elected district attorney to fill an un- 
expired term, and so well were his constituents pleased with his ad- 
ministration of the duties of that important office that in 1912 he was 
re-elected to succeed himself as district attorney for a term of 4 j'ears, 
being at this time incumbent of that position. Mr. Holcombe is a mem- 
ber of the Masonic fraternity, being a Royal Arch Mason and a Knight 
Templar. He is a member, also, of the Knights of Pythias, Woodmen 
of the World, and Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. In 1907 
Ml'. Holcombe was married to Miss Ray Jones, a daughter of S. B. 
and Margaret (Kent) Jones, and two daughters have been born to 
their union, these being Margaret and Ray. Within the compara- 
tively few years that Mr. Holcombe has been in practice at Baton 
Rouge, he has firmly established a reputation as a pains-taking, dili- 
gent and loyal attorney, in all respects fully capable of safeguarding 
the interests of his clients and vigorously prosecuting infractions of 
the law. He holds the esteem of both bench and bar, and as a citizen 
is regarded as a man of sterling character holding an exalted sense of 
the obligations of American citizenship and the requirements of in- 
tegrity and personal lionor. 

Holmes, William Shields, superintendent of the Louisiana State 
school for the deaf, Baton Rouge, La., was born in Jefferson county, 
Miss., August 14, 1866; son of Joseph R. and Lucy (Shields) Holmes, 
the former of whom was liorn in Jelferson county. Miss., July 26, 
1844, and was a .son of William Holmes, a native of Kentucky. The 
paternal ancestors of the family came to the South from New York 
state. The mother was a native of the state of Georgia, but was reared 
in Louisiana. Joseph R. Holmes was a veteran of the Civil war, hav- 
ing served in an artillery company of the Confederate army. After 
the war, in 1865, he located in Jefferson county. Miss., where he fol- 
lowed the avocation of a farmer during a number of years. In 1881 
he removed to New Orleans, and there became a clerk in the office of 
the Lousiana state superintendent of public instruction, and assisted 
in the removal of that office to Baton Rouge, when the State Capital 
was changed from New Orleans to the former city. He remained a 
resident of Baton Rouge from that time on. and died there Nov. 19, 
1913. His widow resides in Baton Rouge. The subject of this sketch 
is their onl.y child. In the course of his education William Shields 
Holmes attended Louisiana State university. After the completion 
of his education he engaged in the grocery business, and is now a 




WiLLiAJF S. Holmes 




Uroveu L'. Ill tkauv 



BIOGRAPHICAL 209 

ineiiilx'i- of the \rholesale grocery firm of Holmes & Barnes, Ltd., of 
Baton Rouge, which was organized in 1801. Mr. Holmes is a mem- 
ber, by election, of the Louisiana State University alumni, and has 
at all times kept up an active interest in educational affairs generally. 
His appointment to his pre.sent responsible and important office, as 
superintendent of the Louisiana State School for the Deaf, Dec. 26, 
1912, came entirely without his solicitation. He is a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal church, South, and has taken an active part in 
church and Sundav-sohool work for 30 years or more. He is also a 
member of the Knights of Pythias. Mr. Holmes married Miss Caroline 
Bilger, of Clinton, La. . 

Huckaby, Grover C. (also spelled Huckabay), superintendent ot 
the Louisiana State School for the Blind, at Baton Rouge, is a native 
of Louisiana. He was born on a farm in Red River parish, July 3, 
1884, and is a son of Morgan Pinckney C. and Martha Ellen (Turn- 
bow)' Huckaby. His father was born in Florida, from which state he 
came with his parents to Louisiana when he was but 6 years of age. 
His father, Jackson Huckaby, settled in Red River parish and there 
Morgan Pinckney Huckaby grew to manhood, and there he has al- 
ways resided, devoting his'life to the pursuit of farming. He is now- 
past 67 years of age. He married Martha Ellen Turnbow, who was 
born in Arkansas, and was the daughter of William Marion Turnbow, 
a native of Georgia. She died in 1910. The name Huckaby is of 
Danish origin, but the progenitor of the family in America was En- 
glish born, and came to this country many years ago, and settled in 
South Carolina. Representatives of the family removed to Georgia 
and thence to Florida. There were born unto the parents of Grover 
C. Huckaby 15 children, of whom 11 grew to maturity and the fol- 
lowing survive : Mrs. Ida Huckaby Loftin, Charles Clement, Grover 
C, Glendon T., and Marion C. Grover C. Huckaby was reared on the 
farm in his native parish, and there learned the lessons of industry 
and resourcefulness, which have influenced his course in life, and 
characterized his endeavors both as a student and a teacher. He re- 
ceived his early scholastic training in the public schools. As bene- 
ficiary cadet from Red River parish, he entered the Louisiana State 
university, from which institution he graduated in 1907 with the de- 
gree of bachelor of arts. A short time previous to his graduation Mr. 
Huckaby became a member of the faculty of the Louisiana State uni- 
versity, and for 1 year taught mathematics. The winning of a Rhodes 
scholarship in Oxford university, England, enabled him to realize his 
ambition for a higher education. He left for England in Sept., 1908, 
and spent three years abroad. In Oxford university he specialized in 
social sciences making original studies of the race problem. During 
vacations he toured European and Oriental countries studying social 
problems and visiting historical places of note. Returning to the 
United States in 1911, Mr. Huckaby accepted the position of assistant 
principal of the Baton Rouge high school. A year later he became 
principal of the high school of Shreveport, La. This position he re- 
signed to accept the superintendency of the Louisiana State School 
for the Blind, to which he was elected in the summer of 1913. As 
superintendent of this school, Mr. Huckaby has inaugurated many 
changes which have resulted in needed repairs and remodeling of the 
III— 14 



210 LOUISIANA 

different buildings, making the institution thoroughly sanitary, and 
the surroundings conducive to the health, comfort and pleasure of 
the pupils. In addition to these material improvements resulting un- 
der his direction, the standard of educational work has been raised, 
the institution in general taking on new life, form and energy. Mr. 
Huckaby has also been identified with sociological movements and is 
a leader of thought and progress. He is one of the organizers of the 
Southern Sociological congress, and is a member of the race problem 
committee of this organization. He is a member of the International 
Congress of Hygiene and Demography, of the International Congress 
of School Hygiene, of the London Geological association, and of the 
Royal Anthix)pologieal Institute of Great Britain and Ireland. Fra- 
ternally he is a Royal Arch Mason. In 1911 Mr. Huckaby married 
Miss Anita Daltou Jones, the daughter of Dr. Philip H. Jones, of 
Baton Rouge. 

Jones, John Welch, M. D., was born in South Carolina, Oct. 18, 
1826. He is a descendant of revolutionary ancestors, both of his 
grand-fathers having fought under Gen. Francis Marion. He came 
to Louisiana in 1848, and was graduated in medicine from the Tulane 
university of Louisiana, New Orleans, in 1852. He quickly estab- 
lished a large and lucrative practice in the parishes of East Feliciana 
and East Baton Rouge and engaged actively in the yellow fever epi- 
demics of 1853, 1855 and 1857. At the beginning of the Civil war he 
raised a company (the plains cavalry) of 115 men, who elected him 
captain. He was in actual service as such until after the battle of 
Baton Rouge. In 1865 he was one of the victims of a steamboat 
boiler explosion on the Tombigbee river and of 39 men he alone 
escaped instant death, but received injuries from which he did not 
recover for more than 2 yeara. The close of the war found him re- 
duced in fortune and broken in health ; a failure in eyesight caused 
by the boiler explosion barred him from the active practice of medi- 
cine, but with unshaken fortitude he embarked in the drug business. 
In 1869 he resumed the practice of his profession and was continu- 
ously engaged therein until 1874 when he was elected superintendent 
of the Insane Asylum of Louisiana. At his official inception he found 
that institution in a sad state of demoralization and want. The at- 
tendants had not been paid for many months ; no funds were found in 
the treasury ; the patients were without clothing and the necessities of 
life, and none would credit the asylum for $1. It was here that the 
character and energy of this remarkable man shone forth brilliantly. 
He at once bought supplies and absolutely furnished the asylum for 
3 months out of his own pocket with no certainty of being remuner- 
ated. His next step was to organize the strongest of the patients into 
farm hands for the i)urpose of raising vegetable and field products, 
which was an abundant success. Having relieved the institution from 
its pressing necessities, his energetic mind conceived the idea of mak- 
ing brick on the grounds of the asylum with the view of expanding 
its capacity, for even in those trying days Dr. Jones di'eamed of a 
time when Louisiana would be in a position to care for every insane 
man and woman in the state instead of leaving them in jails to parch 
from summer's heat and freeze from bitter cold. After purchasing 
a cheap brick machine he engaged in this enterprise with character- 



BIOGRiSPHICAL 211 

istic vigor and soon had 3,000,000 bricks of excellent quality. This 
put him in a position to virtually force the legislature to appropriate 
sufficient funds for the construction of a magnificent building which 
was rapidly followed by the construction of 4 other fine buildings, 
thus increasing the capacity of the State Insane Asylum from 166 to 
over 600. Having now fairly launched this institution on its career 
of pride and usefulness he admitted all applicants, receiving 130 from 
New Orleans in one day and thereby clo.sing the doors of that notorious 
bedlum known as the Marine hospital. After having devoted 14 years 
to the care and welfare of these sorrow-laden wards of the state, he 
resigned his position in 1888 and retired to the management of his 
estate. Dr. Jones now resides at Jackson, La. Though nearly 88 
years of age he is still engaged in the management of his plantation 
and takes an active interest in everything that makes for progress 
and the common welfare. Dr. Jones is a Master Mason. Dr. Jones 
married Amaryntha Huff, a native of Mississippi, whose parents had 
also come from South Carolina, with one of the earliest Mississippi 
colonies and settled in Wilkinson county. Of this union 10 children 
were born. Those surviving are: Dr. Philip Huff Jones, of Baton 
Rouge, Dr. George Hilton Jones, of Lutcher, Mrs. George Keller, of 
Jackson, Miss Lily Jones, of Jackson, and W. Carruth Jones, of Baton 
Rouge. 

Jones, Lieut. Junius Wallace, U. S. A., was born April 3, 1890, in 
Jackson, La., where he spent his childhood. He is the eldest son of 
Dr. Philip H. Jones and Annabelle Smith Jones, of Baton Rouge, La. 
He was educated in Mississippi, North Carolina, Virginia and Louisi- 
ana. While a student at the Louisiana State university he was ap- 
pointed from the 6th district to the United States Military Academy 
at West Point Which he entered March 1, 1909. He was graduated 
June 1, 1913, and entered the coast artilleiy at Portress Monroe, 
Virginia. He is at present (1914) assistant quartermaster of Portress 
Monroe. Lieut. Jones is a dii-ect descendant of 3 soldiers of the Revo- 
lutionary war who were members of Marion's band in South Carolina, 
Samuel Jones, Samuel Hilton, and Thomas Jackson. His grandfather, 
Dr. John Welch Jones, of Jackson, La., enlisted for the Mexican war 
and was also a captain in the Confederate army. Lieut. Jones' mater- 
nal great-grandfather, Jared Richardson, fought under Jackson in the 
battle of New Orleans. 

Jones, Philip Huff, M. D., president of the city board of health, 
Baton Rouge, La., was born Nov. 8, 1855 near Jackson, La. He is a 
son of Dr. John Welch Jones, formerly superintendent of the Louis- 
iana State Insane Asylum, and Anaaryntha Huff Jones. His father 
came to Louisiana in 1848 from South Carolina, where his forefathers 
who came from England, Ireland and Wales had settled before the 
Revolutionary war. Both Dr. Jones' father's grandfathers, Samuel 
Jones, and Samuel Hilton, and his mother's grandfather, Thomas 
Jackson, were soldiers in Marion's band in the war of the Revolu- 
tion. Dr. Jones was a student at the Louisiana State university, 
was graduated from Centenary college at Jackson, La., and received 
the M. D. degree from Tulane university in 1878. He began the prac- 
tice of medicine in East Peliciana parish and 4 years later was ap- 
pointed assistant superintendent of the Louisiana State Insane Asylum 



212 LOUISIANA 

at Jackson, La. He held this position for 6 years during which time 
he took an active part in the remodeling and upbuilding of the institu- 
tion which placed it abreast with the leading institutions for the insane 
in the United States. Later he resumed the practice of medicine, re- 
moving from Jackson to Lutcher and thence to Baton Rouge. Not only 
has Dr. Jones achieved success in his profession but he has maintained 
an ujiblemished reputation as a man of honor and integrity to whom 
the advancement of ideals and the pursuit of scholarly knowledge 
are of prime importance. He has lived up to the standard of his 
forefathers who have been good soldiers in war and good citizens in 
time of peace. As a youth Dr. Jones participated in the stormy events 
of 1876, when a few brave men rescued civilization by restoring white 
supremacy. Dr. Jones is a Master Mason. Dr. Jones was married in 
1882 to Annabelle Smith, daughter of John Scott Smith and Tullia 
Richardson Smith, of West Feliciana parish. Of this union 5 children 
were born of whom the 3 surviving are : Mrs. Anita Jones Huckaby, 
of Baton Rouge, Lieut. Junius Wallace Jones, U. S. A., and Philip 
Harold Jones. 

Hunt, Randell, M. D., of Shreveport, was born in this city, Nov. 
20, 1865, and is a son of Theodore Gaillard and Cornelia Virginia 
(Nicholson) Hunt. His father was a native of South Carolina and 
his mother of Mississippi. The name Hunt is of English origin and 
of prominence in the annals of Louisiana. The great-great-grand- 
father of Dr. Hunt, Richard Hunt, was born in Kent, England, and 
his wife was a niece of the Duke of Manchester, who settled upon her 
a dowry when she was married. Her maiden name was Sarah Grim- 
shaw. Richard Hunt was made governor of the Bermuda Islands, 
and his son Robert subsequently became also governor of the Bahama 
Islands, and Queen's Counsel at Nassau, and still later came to the 
United States and located in South Carolina where he married into 
the well-known Huguenot family — Gaillard. His descendants have 
been prominent in the history of the southern states. He was the 
father of Theodore Gaillard, Randell, Thomas, William H.. and Cope- 
land Hunt. Theodore Gaillard Hunt removed from South Carolina 
to New Orleans prior to the Mexican war in which he served as lieu- 
tenant-colonel. He was a lawyer by profession and served as district- 
attorney at New Orleans and later as attorney-general of Louisiana. 
For 14 years he was judge of the criminal courts of New Orleans and 
subsequently elected to congress, where he participated in many of 
the vital issues including that of the Missouri compromise. He served 
with distinction in the Confederate army as colonel of the 5th La. reg., 
known as "Tigers." He died in New Orleans at the age of 89 years. 
His wife, Cornelia Virginia Nicholson, was a daughter of a distin- 
gui.shed Mississippi jurist. Dr. Randell Hunt is the only child of his 
parents and was reared in the cities of New Orleans and Shreveport. 
After becoming a sophomore in the Louisiana State university he en- 
tered the Medical Department of Tulane university, graduating there- 
from in 1889. Immediately after, he took up the practice of his pro- 
fession at Shreveport. He is a member of the Charity Hospital 
Alumni association; was for 8 years chief surgeon at the State hospi- 
tal, Shi'eveport, in which city he was a member of the board of health 
and of the parish school board for a number of years. Dr. Hunt is a 



BIOGRAPHICAL 213 

1st lieutenant in the medical reserve corps, United States Army. He 
is a member of the Shreveport City, Louisiana State and the American 
Medical association. He has taken post-graduate work in London and 
is one of the ablest operating surgeons in the South, and has won dis- 
tinction in this line. In New Orleans Dr. Hunt married Miss Emily 
Halsey, daughter of Maj. Halsey, and unto the marriage the issue 
has been 4 children. Mrs. Hunt for several years has been prominent 
in social and club life. She is a colonial dame and has taken an active 
part in civic improvements, in the cause of temperance, and has been 
a tine factor in many movements which have tended for the moral up- 
lift in the city of Shreveport. She is an accomplished and 'cultured 
lady, and held in highest esteem. 

Hunter, Edwin Gardner, attorney, jurist, orator, was born in Rap- 
ides parish, Sept. 16, 1852. His grandfather, Pleasance Hunter, was 
of Scotch-Irish descent, but was a native of Virginia. He removed to 
Mississippi, and his son, Robert A., father of the subject of this sketch, 
was born at Natchez, in the latter state. In 1812, when Robert A. was 
only a small boy, the family came to Louisiana, where Pleasance Hun- 
ter became a large land owner and one of the earliest merchants, at 
Alexandria. On completing his education, Robert A. became an at- 
torney and planter, and in the course of his public career occupied 
the position of treasurer of the State of Louisiana. He served through- 
out the Mexican war, enlisting as a private and by gallant conduct 
winning promotion to the rank of colonel before the end of the war. 
He also served as a Confederate soldier, commanding a company until 
he was wounded a few days pi'ior to the battle of Baton Rouge. His 
first engagement was at the battle of Shiloh. He died at the age oif 
72 years. Sarah Jane (Ford) Hunter, mother of the subject of this 
sketch, was born in Kentucky, but her parents removed southward 
when she was small and were among the early settlers of Louisiana, 
the family name having since become intimately identified with the 
affairs of this state. She died when E. G. Hunter was about 3 weeks 
old, having been the mother of 13 children, only 4 of whom grew to 
maturity. These are all living at this writing. Edwin Gardner Hun- 
ter was reared by an aunt until he was large enough to attend school. 
After attending a private school at home, he was sent to Baton Rouge, 
later to Louisiana State university, and finally to the Louisiana State 
Law school (now a department of Tulane university), from which 
institution he graduated in 1874. In the same year he began the prac- 
tice of law at Alexandi'ia. He served as district attorney continu- 
ously for 10 years, and on the bench of the district court from 1896 to 
1900. Being a staunch democrat and gifted as a public speaker, 
Judge Hunter's sei'vices have been in demand during most state cam- 
paigns since his early manhood, and he has always responded to these 
calls as liberally as his pei'sonal affairs would admit. In 1875 Judge 
Hunter was married to Miss Lucy, daughter of Lewis Texada, a 
prominent politician of that time. Mrs. Hunter was born and edu- 
cated in Louisiana. Eight children were born to them, 7 of whom are 
living at this writing. Edwin Ford, commissioner of finance of the 
city of Alexandria; Allen T., at this writing representative of Rapides 
parish in the state legislature and law partner of his father ; Thomas 
Frith, employed at the office of the conservation commission. New Or- 



214 LOUISIANA 

leans; Lewis Hall, real estate dealer, Alexandria; Sarah Jane, wife 
of Dr. Henry Irion, New Orleans; Mary Martha, wife of Morase 
Tooraen, drnggist, Colfax, La., and Lucy. Judge Hunter is a mem- 
ber of the Knights of Pythias. 

Hunter, Dr. John D., M. D., mayor of Rayne, Acadia parish, La., 
was born in Red River parish. La., August 15, 1876 ; son of John A. 
and Catherine (McKinney) Hunter, both of whom were born in the 
same locality as was the son. John A. Hunter in early life devoted his 
energies to the avocation of a planter. He later served as sheriff of 
Red River parish during a term of 4 years, and has always taken an 
active part in political and public affairs. He located at Rayne in the 
year 1889, and during a number of years following served as president 
of the Acadia parish school board. At the beginning of the Civil war 
he enlisted as a member of the 19th La. volunteer infantry, attached to 
the army of the Tennessee, and served throughout the term of the war. 
The mother is now deceased, but is survived by her hixsband, who is 
at this time living in retirement at Rayne. The paternal grandfather, 
James Hunter, was a native of South Carolina. Both he and the ma- 
ternal grandfather. McKinney, came to Louisiana as young men, and 
were afterward married in the latter state. John D. Hunter was tifth 
of 7 children born to his parents, as follows in the order of their birth : 
Alice, now Mrs. Thomas Woodside; Annie, now Mrs. J. D. Groesbeck; 
Martha, deceased wife of Dr. Thomas Ragan; Katharine, John D., 
the sub.ject of this sketch; Grace, wife of Dr. R. E. Cunningham, and 
Margaret. John D. Hunter attended the public schools of Rayne, fol- 
lowing which he was a student at the State Normal school, Natchi- 
toches, La., during 2 terms. He then taiight in Lafayette and Iberia 
parishes until 1900, when he entered the Medical Department of the 
University of the South, Sewanee, Tenn. After passing 2 years as a 
medical student in this latter institution, he entered the Memphis 
hospital Medical college, (Tenn.) from which he gi'aduated in 1902. 
Following the completion of his professional education, he located at 
Lafayette, La., and there began medical practice, btit after about 18 
months in this location removed to Rayne, where he has since been con- 
tinuously engaged in general practice. Feb. 7, 1910. Dr. Hunter was 
married to Miss Orra Kelley, of Galveston, Tex., and 2 children have 
been born to their union, namely: Margaret and John D., Jr. Dr. 
Hunter is a member of the Methodist Episcopal church. South, and is 
affiliated with the Masonic fraternity. Knights of Pythias, Woodmen 
of the World, Independent Order Odd Fellows, the Acadia parish, 
Louisiana State Medical, and the Attakapas Clinical society, of which 
latter organization he served as president from June, 1912, to June, 
1913. Also, he is president of "Acadia's Cash Emporium, Ltd," a 
mercantile corporation operating one of the largest general stores in 
Acadia pari.sh, the business being conducted at Rayne. Dr. Hunter is 
afSliated with the democratic party, and has served the people of his 
locality in various official capacities. He filled the position of pi-esi- 
dent of the board of health during 4 years. In 1910 he was elected 
Mayor of the city of Rayne, and his administration of the affairs of 
the city proved so satisfactory to his constituents that he has since 
been twice re-elected to succeed himself in that important office, and 
is at this time serving his third term. During his incumbency of the 



BIOGRAPHICAL 215 

Mayor's office a $20,000 school building has been erected, the service 
of both the water and electric light systems has been doubled, and an 
internal-combustion oil engine of the latest model has been installed 
in the electric light and water plant. 

Hunter; John Ransdell, of Alexandria, Rapides parish, district 
attorney, was born in Alexandria, Nov. 2, 1880. His father, Robert 
P. Hunter, whose biography is published in this volume, was promi- 
nent in public life in Rapides. After going through the primai-y and 
grammar studies in the schools of his native town, John Ransdell 
Himter completed his education at Spring-Hill college, near Mobile, 
Ala. Choosing the profession of law, he passed an examination before 
the state supreme court and was admitted to practice Nov. .5, 1902. 
Mr. Hunter formed a partnership with his father and with his brother, 
R. A. Hunter, achieving considerable success and ranking among the 
ablest lawyers in that part of the state oif Louisiana. Hardly 1 year 
after beginning the practice of the legal profession, Mr. Hunter was 
elected district attorney, the youngest, at that time, of any state prose- 
cuting officer in Louisiana. He is now serving his 3d term, having 
twice been re-elected without opposition. He is a member of the 
Knights of Columbus, Alexandi-ia Council; and is largely interested 
in the lumber business, and in real estate. On the occasion of the cel- 
ebration of the Diamond Jubilee of St. Charles college, at Grand 
Coteau, parish of St. Landry, La., Mr. Hunter received the de- 
gree of LL. D. In 1904, there took place the marriage of Mr. Hunter 
and Miss Catherine Stafford, daughter of Gov. D. T., and Amy (Gra- 
ham) Stafford, and grand-daughter of Gen. LeRoy Stafford who was 
killed at the battle of the Wilderness, during the Civil war of 1861- 
65. Mrs. Hunter was born in Rapides parish, and was educated in 
Alexandria. The family consists of 5 children, Eleanor, David, John, 
Catherine, and Elizabeth. 

Hunter, Robert P., attorney of Alexandria, La., was born in Rap- 
ides parish. May 18, 1847, the son of Robert A. Hunter, a native 
of Natchez, Miss., who was born Dec. 20, 1812. His grandfather 
was Pleasant Henderson Hunter, who was born in Kentucky and 
married at Natchez, Miss., Miss Kitchen, daughter of Benjamin 
Kitchen, and moved with his son to Rapides parish, La., in 1813. 
Robert A. Hunter was a planter until 1858, when he was elected 
treasurer of the state and moved with his family to Baton Rouge, 
where he resided during 1858 and 1859. He then moved to New 
Orleans, where he was president of the board of ciirrency. It is 
a matter of history that prior to the war Louisiana had the best 
monetary system in the United States and its currency was taken 
at par all over the country. He was a Confederate soldier and 
was in the Battle of Shiloh, April 6, 1862. On the way to the 
Battle of Baton Rouge he was wounded and incapacitated for 
further service. After the war he obtained a license to practice 
law, and located at Alexandria. He died in July, 1882, in his 70th 
year. The grandfather, Pleasant H. Hunter, was a planter and 
merchant and lived on the plantation now known as Eden, 18 miles 
above Alexandria. He was the son of James Madison Hunter, who 
served in tlie Revolutionary war and was a descendant of one of 
two brothers, who moved from the north of Ireland to Kentucky 



216 LOUISIANA 

previous to that war. Robert A. Hunter and Sarah Jane Ford 
Avere married when he was 18 and she was 16 years of age. She 
Avas a daughter of William P. Ford and died in 1853. The father 
served in the Mexican war and was adjutant in the regiment with 
Col. ilarks. They were the parents of 12 children, of whom 5 grew 
to maturity. Robert P. is the 7th son of the 7th son; was edu- 
cated in the State university, then at Pineville, La., and at Wash- 
ington and Lee university, at Lexington, Va. Gen. Lee was presi- 
dent of the college at the time subject attended school there. He 
knew Gen. Lee personally and visited at his house. Returned 
from college in 1868 and studied law, and Aug. 9, 1869, was 
admitted to the bar and located at Alexandria, where he has been 
in practice 44 years, being one of the oldest practicing attorneys 
in the state. He was married July 7, 1870, to Miss Martha L. Rans- 
dell, a sister of United States Senator Joseph E. Ransdell. Five 
children have been born to them, as follows : Robert A., attorney, 
who has been appointed assistant United States attorney for the 
Western District of Louisiana, and now resides at Shreveport ; John 
R., attorney, state district attorney for the 13th Judicial District 
of Louisiana ; Sarah, who is the wife of Ambrose J. Hertzog, living 
on a plantation near Deary, La. ; ^Martha, the wife of Dr. Clarence 
Pierson, superintendent of the state insane asylum, at Jackson, 
La., and Mary, at home. For 10 years during reconstruction days 
he took an active part in freeing Louisiana from negro domina- 
tion, and in 1874, started and edited a newspaper called the "Cau- 
casian," which was the beginning of the movement which was 
afterwards called the "White League." From 1884 to 1886 he 
served in the state legislature, representing Rapides parish, and 
took an active and prominent part in the fight against the Louisi- 
ana Lottery Co., in 1892. He is a member of the Knights of Pythias. 
Hjnnel, Raoul S., D.D.S. — New Orleans. — Was born in St. James 
parish. La., Feb. 11, 1884; son of John F. Hymel and Zelia (Le- 
boeuf) Hymel, both of whom are natives of the parish in which 
the son was born, the father being in mercantile business there. 
George Dupreville Hymel, the paternal grandfather, was a Louisi- 
ana planter. He married Miss Elena Theriot, of St. James, La. 
The doctor's maternal grandmother was Miss Augustine Voisin, 
a native of Paris, France, who came to America in the year 1852 
at the age of 7. She married Mr. August Leboeuf, a well-known 
Louisiana planter, in the early '70s. Raoul S. Hymel attended Jef- 
ferson college, in St. James parish, and after completing his studies 
there, became a student at the New Orleans College of Dentistry, 
from which institution, he graduated with the class of 1908. Fol- 
lowing his graduation, he immediately took up the practice of his 
profession at New Orleans, and his patients have received his best 
professional attention since that time. In addition to attending the 
requirements of his private practice, the doctor is demonstrator in 
Prosthetic Technic at the New Orleans College of Dentistry, branch 
of Tulane university. Sept. 7, 1909, Dr. Hymel was married to 
Miss Nellie May Brunswick, daughter of James and Annie (Dodds) 
Brunswick, of Baton Rouge, La. Three children have been born 



BIOGRAPHICAL 217 

to Dr. and Mrs. Hymel, viz.: Nellie May, Mary Claire, and Lu- 
cille Dolores. 

Irion, Valentine King— New Orleans, La.,— Was born at Marks- 
ville, Avoyelles parish, La., July 31, 1862; son of Judge Alfred 
Briggs and Caroline (King) Irion, the former of whom was born 
Feb. 18, 1833, in the parish in which the birth of the son occurred, 
and the latter in 1836 at Opelousas, La. The founder of the Irion 
family in America was Phillip Jacob Irion, Jr. He came from 
Karlesruhe, Germany, where he served as secretary of commerce 
under Charles Frederic II, having resigned said office at the time 
he emigrated. His father, Phillip Jacob, Sr., had served the same 
Prince as Councellor of Commerce and Director of the Mines, Mints, 
and J\Ianufactures, and a short time before his death (1754) he 
was created Councellor of the Chamber. Phillip Jacob Irion, Jr., 
settled in Culpepper county, Va., 1760, and there married Sarah 
Poindexter (1765), daughter of Justice John Poindexter and Chris- 
tian (Anderson) Poindexter, of Louisa county, Va. ; granddaughter 
of Thomas Poindexter, and great-granddaughter of George Poin- 
dexter of Middle plantation, the founder of his family m America 
(1650)'. Phillip Jacob Irion and his wife, Sarah (Poindexter) Irion, 
had 7 sons, of whom George Anderson was the youngest. He mar- 
ried Rebecca Hunt, daughter of Elijah Hunt, who was a justice of 
Halifax county, Va., and sheriff of the same county at the time of 
his death (1797). He was the son of James Hunt, of Charlotte 
county, Va., and a nephew of Memucan Hunt. George Anderson 
Irion "and Rebecca Hunt, his wife, had 3 children, of whom Robert 
Richardson Irion was the youngest. He was born in Halifax county, 
Va., 1808. He came to Louisiana with his parents in 1814, and 
settled at Cheneyville, and later, with his father, opened up the 
old Irion plantation, where the thriving little town of Bunkie is 
now located. The spot was then an unbroken wilderness, but at 
the time of the Civil war was one of the finest sugar estates in 
Middle Louisiana. Robert Richard Irion married Ann Audebert, 
daughter of John Audebert and Henrietta Polhill, who came to 
Louisiana from Georgia in 1814. John Audebert was the son of 
Jobn Hiram Audebert, a Huguenot and member of the Charleston 
colony, and Henrietta Polhill was a daughter of Maj. Thomas Pol- 
hill, of Burke county, Ga., and granddaughter of Rev. Natlianiel 
Polhill of Savannah, Ga., and Bedfordshire, England, the founder 
of his family in America. Robert Ricliardson Irion and Ann Aude- 
bert, his wife, had 4 sons and a daughter, of whom Judge A. B. 
Irion was the eldest. Alfred Briggs Irion married Caroline King 
(1858), daughter of Valentine King and Nancy King, and grand- 
daughter of Gen. Jobn Edwards King and Sallie Clifton ; and great- 
granddaughter of William King and Elizabeth Edwards, of Vir- 
ginia; also, a great-great-granddaughter of Richard Bland of Vir- 
ginia. Her grandmother, Letitia Bland, was a sister of Theodoric 
Bland, "The Cato of the Revolution." Ancestors who participated 
in the Revolution: Phillip Jacob Irion, Elijah Hunt, John Aude- 
bert, Thomas Polhill, John Edwards King, William King, and Rich- 
ard Bland. Gen. John Edwards King and William King, wbo were 
brothers, served under Gen. Shelby during the Revolution. Both 



218 LOUISIANA 

were present and fought in the Battle of King's Mountain. Gen. 
John Edwards King commanded the Kentucky troops during tlie 
"War of 1812. Judge George King of St. Landry parish (formerly 
of Kentucky) served under Gen. Wayne in his campaign against 
the Indians in 1794, and was lieutenant of a company of volun- 
teers at the Battle of New Orleans, 1815. He was appointed judge 
of the Attakapas district by Gov. Claiborne, and served in that 
capacity for 30 years. He was the father of Nancy King, who 
was the mother of Caroline (King) Irion. He was also the father 
of George R. King, who was an associate justice of the supreme 
court of Louisiana, and grandfather of Judge John E. King of 
Opelousas, La., a distinguished lawyer and scholar. George Ander- 
son Irion was an officer in the War of 1812, having risen from the 
ranks to the commission of major for bravery and general gallantry 
in the service. Maj. Thomas Polhill (Ga.) was also an ofScer in 
the War of 1812. Judge Alfred Briggs Irion served under Gen. 
Richard Taylor in the Civil war. He was attached to Randal's 
Tex. cavalry brigade — Walker's division — and participated in the 
battles of Mansfield and Pleasant Hill. His 2 brothers, George and 
Charles, were in active service. He was elected to the legislature 
from Avoyelles parish in 1864, and left the army to perform the 
duties of that office. He opposed secession with all the energy and 
ability he could exert, but surrendered gracefiilly to the will of 
the majority, and cast his lot with his native state. He was a 
member of the constitutional convention of 1879. He was created 
a circuit judge by that body, and was siibsequently elected to the 
49th Congress from the 6th congressional district of Louisiana. He 
was author of the act donating the old Federal garrison at Baton 
Rouge to the Louisiana State university, being the site where that 
institution now stands. Judge Alfred Briggs Irion died at New 
Orleans in 1903. Valentine King Irion, the subject of this sketch, 
received his earlier education in the common schools of Avoyelles 
parish, following which he attended Louisiana State university and 
graduated from that institution in 1884. The succeeding 2 years 
were spent in travel and study in Europe, and upon his return to 
America he entered the College of Dentistry, University of Mary- 
land, completing his professional studies in the class of 1887. 
Shortly following, he opened offices at Opelousas, La., and began 
the practice of dentistry, so continuing until 1897, when he re- 
moved to New Orleans, in which city he has since practiced. He 
is a member of the Louisiana State Dental society and the Odon- 
tological society. Dr. Irion is a progressive Democrat, and has 
been honored with the positions of superintendent of public in- 
btruction for the parish of St. Landry, and member board of admin- 
istrators of the state normal school at Natchitoches, La. He is at 
this time secretary and treasurer of the Louisiana State Board of 
Dentistr.y. He was the organizer and president of the "White 
Supremacy league," of St. Landry (1896), which declared for the 
"elimination of the Negro from politics — peaceably, if possible, but 
forcibly, if necessary;" and brought about the constitutional 
convention of 1898, called for the pui-pose, accomplishing the 
league's aims by legal means. He was a charter member, and one 



BIOGRAPHICAL 219 

of the organizers of the N. 0. Progressive Union, and remained an 
active member until it was reorganized (1912) and the name 
changed to Association of Commerce. He is a "Son of the 
American Revolution," and "Son of Confederate Veteran." 
Sept. 18, 1889, Dr. Irion was married to Miss Helen Las- 
trapes, daughter of Leonce F. and IMary (King) Lastrapes, 
of Opelousas, La. Four children have been born to Dr. 
and ]Mrs. Irion, these being: Mary Caroline, Alfred King, Alice, 
and Albert Moore. It is claimed that every one of Dr. Irion's an- 
tecedents, both paternal and maternal, antedate the Revolution in 
this country — in other words, not a drop of foreign blood has been 
injected into the family since tlie Revolution. 

Isaacs, Marks, merchant prince of New Orleans, large real estate 
owner, philanthropist, and well-beloved citizen, was born at Eden- 
koben, Germany, in the year 1851, and died suddenly of heart dis- 
ease, at his home on St. Cliarles avenue. New Orleans, La., at 8:45 
o'clock p. m., Thursday, April 21, 1910. His death was a great 
shock to a large number of friends, and as these became aware of 
the sudden death of their beloved friend, they hastened to the 
palatial residence, where the grief-stricken family bemoaned the 
loss of a model husband and father, while the community at large 
prepared to mourn the final departure of a worthy citizen patriot, 
colossal character, and widely-known philanthropist, whose integ- 
rity was above reproach. Mr. Isaacs, had been down town attend- 
ing to business as usual during the day, and while his health had 
not for some time been of the best, because of his close application 
to business, he had not complained of feeling badly, and after din- 
ner he and Mrs. Isaacs started out for a stroll along the avenue. 
"While walking, he suddenly became ill, and they returned home. 
Soon after entering the doorway, he became unconscioiis, and within 
15 miniites had passed quietly into the sleep which knows no wak- 
ing. Mrs. Isaacs and their daughters were at his side, but their 2 
sons could not be reached immediately and did not arrive until a few 
minutes after their fatlier's death. When a baby of 2 years, Marks 
Isaacs was brought to America by his parents. The family lived at 
New York until 1870, in which year the son went to New Orleans 
and there entered the service of his uncle, Simon Kaufman, who then 
conducted a dry goods store at the corner of Poydras and Baronne 
streets. From this establishment he later went to the firm of A. 
Shwartz & Son, on Canal street, and after some years there, 
launched out into business on his own account, opening a store 
on Dryades street, which became the foundation for his later busi- 
ness successes. This was in the year 1877, and after operating this 
store alone for a time, he took into partnership Charles A. Kauf- 
man, and the firm name of Kaufman & Isaacs, which later became 
so well and favorably known, was then born. This establishment 
developed into one of the largest in the city, much to the surprise 
of those who predicted that a large store could not flourish else- 
where than on Canal street, in New Orleans. In 1901, Mr. Isaacs 
withdrew from this firm and became associated with S. J. Shwartz 
& Co., the firm name l)eing changed to the Shwartz-Isaacs Co., and 
they built up the ^Maison-Blanche into, a gigantic establishment. 



222 LOUISIANA 

of president, whicli lie held until the bank was merged with the 
German-American National bank in 1914. Mr. Janvier was state 
senator from the 6th senatorial district, and served 1 session only, 
when he resigned. He was chairman of the Democratic state cen- 
tral committee in 1906. At present he holds, in addition to the 
offices mentioned: Second vice-president of board of administra- 
tors of Tulane educational fund, and director in the following: 
The Sun Insurance Co., the Louisiana National Life Assurance so- 
ciety, the Title & Mortgage Guarantee Co., and the American Cit- 
ies Co. He is a member of the Boston, the Pickwick and of the 
Country clubs, and of the Carnival Royal Host. He was a mem- 
ber of the White League in 1874, president of the Citizens' League 
in 1896, chairman of the Yellow Fever fund committee in 1905 
(and rendered service for which he received the "Picayune" lov- 
ing cup for 1905). He was First Grand Knight of the first council 
of Knights of Columbus, organized in Louisiana. He has always 
taken a prominent part in the arrangements for the annual Mardi 
Gras celebrations, and was King of the Carnival, 1896. Mr. Jan- 
vier was married, Oct. 3, 1883, to Josephine Celeste Bush (who de- 
parted this life Jan. 8, 1889), leaving 8 children: John, Celeste, 
George, Lois, Carmelite, Josephine, Katharine and Regina. Miss 
Lois Janvier had the distinction of being Queen of the Mardi Gras 
Carnival, 1912. 

Janvier, John, lawyer of New Orleans, was born in New Orleans, 
July 24, 1884, and is a son of Charles and Josephine Celeste (Bush) 
Janvier. (Personal mention of his father is made elsewhere in this 
work.) Mr. Janvier was educated in private schools, and then com- 
pleted the academic course in Tulane university, afterward began 
the study of law in the University of Virginia. In 1905 he graduated 
from the law school of Tulane university, and in 1906 he was ap- 
pointed notary public. He is a member of the law firm of Mooney 
& Janvier, and is numbered among the leading young members of 
the New Orleans bar. Oct. 3, 1906, Mr. Janvier and Miss Martha 
Newell were united in marriage. Mrs. Janvier is a daughter of Mv. 
Robert H. Newell, of JMaysville, Ky. 

Jastremski, Leon, was born 1843, in France, of Polish extraction. 
At the age of 5 years he came to the United States witli his parents, 
who located in Lafayette parish. La., where his father practiced 
medicine, and died when his son, Leon, was about 13 years of age. 
Leon Jastremski gained a fair literary education, and was a youth 
when the war between the states came on. In that civil conflict, he 
served from the beginning to the close in the Confederate army, 
rising to the rank of captain. In 1865, Leon Jastremski engaged, 
with a brother, in the drug business at Baton Rouge. He took an 
active part for the next 10 years in overthrowing the republican 
regime in the piiblic aifairs of the state, and in 1876 he was elected, 
on the democratic ticket, mayor of Baton Rouge, and as such served 
for 8 years. In 1879, to assist the movement to restore the state 
capitol to Baton Rouge, where it had been before the Civil war, 
Leon Jastremski established in Baton Rouge a newspaper, and 
thus began what was to be a long and successful career as a jour- 
nalist. He held several prominent positions, among which were the 



BIOGRAPHICAL 223 

following: Commissioner of agriculture, private secretary to Gov. 
Heard, United States consul general to Callao, Peru, and brigadier- 
general of the Louisiana state militia. He also served as a member 
of the state constitutional convention of 1879, and for 8 years as 
state printer. For several years Gen. Jastremski served as chair- 
man of the Democratic state central committee. He was twice a 
candidate for the high office of governor of Louisiana, and died 
in 1911, during his second candidacy, just before the primary elec- 
tion. For 20 years he was president of the Louisiana State Press 
association, and he was also elected commander-in-chief of the 
United Confederate Veterans, of Louisiana. He was a prominent 
member of the Knights of Pythias fraternity, and was elected Grand 
Chancellor Commander of the order in Louisiana. Gen. Jastremski 
married Rosa Larguier, who was born in Baton Rouge. Of their 
2 surviving children the eldest, Eugene, is secretary of the state 
board of agriculture, and Henry is secretary of the state R. R. 
commission. 

Jastremski, Henry, secretary of the Louisiana State R. R. com- 
mission, was born at Baton Rouge, La., Aug. 7, 1871, and is a son 
of the late Gen. Leon Jastremski. He was reared in Baton Rouge, 
and was educated in the public schools, at the Louisiana State uni- 
versity, Jeiferson college, of St. James parish, and the University 
of Alabama, at Tuscaloosa. He is a member of the Sigma Nu fra- 
ternity, and of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. He has 
long been active in politics as a democrat, and has served as sec- 
retary of the State School for the Deaf, and as vice-president of 
the board of trustees for that institution. He has also served as 
secretary of the State Board of Appraisers, which position he re- 
signed to accept his present office as secretary of the State R. R. 
commission. In 1905, Mr. Jastremski was married to Miss Frances 
Holloway, of Georgetown, Ky. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Jastremski, 1 
daughter has been born, namely, Sarah Land Jastremski. 

Johnson, Warren, consulting engineer, and one of the prominent 
figures in professional circles of his native city, was born in New 
Orleans, Dec. 5, 1875, the son of Lewis and Rosena (Smith) John- 
son. The father was born in New Orleans in 1836; was for many 
years conspicuous in the industrial life of the city, was president 
of the Johnson Iron Works, president pro tem. of the sewerage and 
water board, and chairman of its executive committee from its in- 
auguration until his death in 1910. He was also president of the 
Audubon Park board. Rosena Smith was born in Derbyshire, Eng- 
land, in 1839, and was married to Lewis Johnson in 1859. The fol- 
lowing children were born to them: Shirley, wife of Henry D. 
Stearns, president of the Johnson Iron Works; Wilmer Holmes, 
secretary and treasurer of the Jolmson Iron Works ; Lew, now Mrs. 
Lew Jolinson Richardson; Warren, the subject of this sketch; Eads, 
of New York City, and Rosena, who died in 1888, at 7 years of age. 
Mr. Warren Johnson was reared in New Orleans, and his tirst edu- 
cation was obtained at T. W. Dwyer's school, where he prepared 
for Tulane university. In 1896 he graduated from the architec- 
tural department of Tulane university, and going thence to Cornell 
university, at Ithaca, N. Y., he graduated from that institution in 



224 LOUISIANA 

iireliitectural engineering in 1897, and tlien spent 1 year in New 
York in engineering work, after which he returned to his New 
Orleans home, where he has since remained. Upon his return, lie 
was made superintendent of the ship-building department of the 
Johnson Iron Works, ltd. In 1905, he opened an ofSce as consult- 
ing engineer, and since then has acted in that capacity for the 
Johnson Iron Works and other companies. Mr. Johnson is a mem- 
ber of the following organizations : The Delta Tau Delta frater- 
nity, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Louisiana En- 
gineering society, Louisiana club, of which he is president; New 
Orleans, Chess, Checkers & Whist club, Audubon Golf club, Rig- 
olets Pishing club, and is chairman of the Grounds Committee of 
the Audubon Park commission. In religion, he adheres to the 
principles of the Episcopal church, and is a member of the Annun- 
ciation congregation. He is a democrat in politics. Mr. Johnson 
was married in 1901 to ]Miss Elizabeth Merrick, daughter of Capt. 
David T. and Lulu (Dowdell) Merrick. In 1903 Mr. Johnson's 
wife died and left 1 daughter, Elizabeth, who is now (1913) 10 
years old. 

Johnston, Hon. Joseph Egelston, Jr. — By earnest and persistent 
labor, Hon. Joseph Egelston Johnston, Jr., of Shreveport, has suc- 
ceeded in the business world, and has gained the confidence of his 
fellowraen and the honor of an election as a representative of his 
parish in the lower house of the General Assembly. He is a native 
of Louisiana, born in Monroe, Ouachita parish, March 27, 1878, the 
second of 9 children born unto Joseph Egelston and Annie (Me- 
Clendou) Johnston. The father was born in Alabama, in 1847, and 
died in Louisiana, in 1910. He was a son of Silas B. Johnston, of 
English descent. He obtained a good education, graduating at Tu- 
lane university. Joseph E. Johnston, Sr., was prominently identi- 
fied with educational work in this state, and although the last 10 
j'eares of his life were devoted to the successful practice of law, he 
was better known as an educator. In Claiborne parish he was asso- 
ciated in educational work with Col. J. W. Nicholson, now pro- 
fessor of mathematics in the Louisiana State university. For sev- 
eral years he taught in the schools of Monroe, and later removed to 
Bossier parish, where he served with ability as superintendent of 
the parish schools, and afterward engaged in the practice of law. 
The early scholastic training of Joseph E. Johnston, Jr., was re- 
ceived under the instruction of his father, and at the age of 14 
he began clerking in a store on the Red river, north of Shreveport, 
and there remained during 3 years, gaining his first I business ex- 
perience. Succeeding tliis, lie attended and taught school alter- 
nately, and thereby was enabled to graduate from tlie normal de- 
partment of the University of Arkansas, with the class of 1900. 
Returning to Caddo parish, he secured a position with Glassell 
Bros., general merchants at Belcher, La., beginning on the small 
salaiy of $35.00 per month. He remained 1 year, and then resigned 
to become manager of a plantation store, a position Mr. Johnston 
accei)tably held for 2 years, and was then induced to go with the 
New York Life Insurance Co. For 3 years he was with this com- 
pany, and in 1904 he was the vice-president of the "one hundred 



BIOGRAPHICAL 225 

thousand dollar club." Mr. Jolinston is a thorough believer in 
life insurance and carries one hundred thousand on liis own life 
In 1906, Mr. Johnston moved to Shreveport, and soon became iden- 
tified with the business life of the city. His remarkably successful 
career in the real estate business began as agent for the Queens- 
borough Land Co., of which he is now vice-president and manager, 
and in which he is the largest stockholder. He is a builder in the 
broadest sense of the term and the success which has come to him 
indicates genius in that direction. In Shreveport he is known as 
the "builder of Queensborough," a suburban residence section, 
which has been transformed in 7 years from a virgin forest to a 
thickly populated suburb. When he took hold of Queensborough, 
in 1906, there were perhaps 5 houses in the entire subdivision — 
today there are more than 500, of which he has directed the building 
of about 300, and it is still growing rapidly. In 1912, Mr. John- 
ston was elected to- the lower house of the General Assembly. It 
was the first time he had ever been a candidate for a political honor 
of any sort, but he was chosen over a number of contestants. His 
election was an expression of the confidence of the people of his 
adopted parish. During the 6 years of his residence in the parish, 
he had earned a reputation as a man of ability and energy. His 
record as a, legislator is one of which his many friends have every 
reason to be proud, for he has met their most sanguine hopes. March 
26, 1902, Mr. Johnston M'as married to Lillian Virginia, daughter of 
John Hardy IMarshall, of Shreveport. Unto them have been born 
3 children : Sadie Vasti, Joseph, and Jack Marshall. Fraternally, 
Mr. Johnston is a Knight Templar and Scottish Rite Mason, a 
Shriner, an Elk and a Woodman of the World, and also a member of 
the Shreveport Golf and Country club. He has taken a commen- 
dable interest in all public movements, and is one of the foremost 
citizens of his parish. His business transactions manifest sagacity 
and a strict regard for probity. He has forged his way to the 
front from the station of a poor young man to that of a prosperous 
and well-to-do man of large and extended interests. 

Joyner, Henry Augustin, president of the Bank of Boyce, parish 
of Rapides, and extensively engaged in general mercantile business, 
was born in Warren county, N. C, Dec. 22, 1863, son of Dr. Wil- 
liam Henry, and Sarah Ann (Clanton) Joyner. The family is of 
Englisli descent. Robert Joyner, grandfather, and William Henry 
Joyner, father of Henry Augustin Joyner, were ofScers of high 
rank in the United States army and navy during the Florida war, 
the former having been colonel, and the latter lieutenant in the 
navy. Col. Joyner died in Florida, and was buried in the United 
States cemetery at Pensacola. The Clantons, of English lineage, 
are pioneer settlers of North Carolina, and several of its members 
served with gallantry and distinction in the Revolutionary war. 
Henry Augustin Joyner was the ninth child in a family of ten, of 
whom seven are living. His parents moved to Canton, Miss., when 
he was 2 years old, and he was reared and educated in that town 
until his 18th year, when he went to Bunkie, and next to Nansfield, 
La., being employed as traveling salesman. Locating in Boyce, in 
1892, Mr. Joyner continued on the road for about 7 years, and then, 
III— 15 



226 LOUISIANA 

with his brother, Andrew, he opened a general merchandise store, 
under the partnership title of A. & H. A. Joyner, the firm even- 
tually becoming one of the largest mercantile establishments in the 
parish of Rapides. When the Bank of Boyce was organized in 1902, 
with a capital of $15,000, Mr. Joyner was elected president, and 
'he is still at the head of that prosperous institution, of which J. 
Dawson Johnson is cashier, and H. L. Thompson, vice-president. 
Mr. Joyner is a prominent and wealthy citizen of Boyce, identified 
with the best interests of that town, in commerce, finance and pol- 
itics. He was vice-chairman for 4 years of the democratic executive 
committee, and then chairman for the same length of time in Rap- 
ides parish, also 7 years a member of the school board, tilling an 
unexpired term of 3 and a full term of 4 years. He is a JIason in 
high standing, affiliated with the Blue Lodge, and having occupied 
many offices in the lodge. Was for 1 term the Consul Commander 
of the Order Woodmen of the World, in Boyce, and is at present an 
active member of the Camp. The marriage of Henry Augustin 
Joyner and of Jliss Elizabeth Frances Hoss, a daughter of James 
and Catherine (Tharp) Hoss, of Louisiana, took place Nov. 14, 1906. 
They have one son, Henry Hallam Joyner. 

Jung, J. Charles. — In the coal business in the city of New Or- 
leans since the year 1895. — Is a son of L. A. and Azelie (d 'Hebe- 
court) Jung, and was born in the year 1869 at New Orleans, La., 
where he has lived from infancy to the present. His earlier edu- 
cation was obtained at a private school, conducted by Mrs. Vatinel, 
afterward entering the public schools. When the eoiirse of instruc- 
tion liad been completed at the latter, in 1883, he matriculated at 
Louisiana state university, in which institution be remained a stu- 
dent during 3 years. Following the completion of his studies, he en- 
tered business in the service of bis uncle, L. E. Jung, continuing in 
this connection until tlie year 1895, when he became associated with 
liis father in the coal Inisiness, their enterprise prospering and con- 
tiniially growing unto the present time under the same manage- 
ment. ]\Ir. Jung is a member, respectively, of tlie Chess, Checkers 
& Whist club, and the Stratford club. In 1893, Jlr. Jung was mar- 
ried at New Orleans to Miss Rita Buisson, a daughter' of A. Buisson, 
and niece of Judge Th. Buisson. To Mr. and Mrs. Jung 8 children, 
as follows, liave been born : Inez, Emily, Rita, Lydia, Mildred, 
Odette, J. Charles, Jr., and Solange. Rita and Lydia are deceased. 
The other ehildrefi reside at the parental home. It cannot be 
doubted that Mr. Jung's years of experience as a coal merchant in 
the same locality, the city of New Orleans, this experience now em- 
bracing a period near 20 years, has placed liim in a position of 
preeminence in that line of trade and enables him to afford his 
patrons advantages well-nigh impossible to one less experienced. 
He has witnessed many and varied changes affecting the coal sup- 
ply and facilities for handling the great needs of the city in his field 
of activity, and naturally has become a leading authority on all 
matters affecting the supply, the methods of handling and distribu- 
tion, and the fluctuating prices of coal of various grades. ^Ir. Jung 
has long l)een intimately associated with the commercial and in- 
dustrial life of the city, and is widely and generally known through- 




Tjoiis a. .liNc; 



BIOGRAPHICAL 227 

out its varied circles, taking an active interest in all things that 
vitally concern the welfare of the people among whom he lives and 
conducts a firmly-established commercial enterprise. 

Jung, Louis A., a leading figure in the commercial life of New 
Orleans, and son of Alexander A. Jung, was born on the Island 
of Martinique, in 1845. His fatlier was a native of the same island, 
and was born in 1817. In Martinique he had a place called Plateau 
Jung, on which he cultivated coffee. He finished his education in 
France, where he graduated at the College of Louis le Grand. In 
1848, when 31 years of age, he came to New Orleans and made his 
home here the remainder of his life. When he first came to this 
city he began to write for newspapers, but not finding it sufficiently 
remunerative, he engaged as a bookkeeper, at which he was an 
expert. Because of his unfavorable experience at newspaper cor- 
respondence, he got the idea that in America an education was not 
worth wliile. Shortly before the Civil war, J\Ir. Jung bought sev- 
eral slaves and gave a mortgage on them and when afterwards the 
slaves were freed, Mr. Jung considered that he was morally bound 
to pay off the mortgage, and so worked for several years at his 
bookkeeping to accomplish tliis end. He died in New Orleans in 
1897, at the age of 80 years. Tlie Jungs who remained on the Island 
of ^Martinique were prominent people there, but unfortunately half 
the family were killed by a tornado about 1898, and most of the 
remainder lost their lives by the eruption of Mt. Pelee. An uncle 
of L. A. Jung lost all of his children, who took refuge in a barn at 
the time of the tornado. One aunt of Mr. Jung, sister of his father, 
Madame Capra, who escaped these catastrophies, afterwards went 
to France, is now deceased. Her granddaughter, ]\Iiss Capplen, was 
at one time Damoiselle d'Honneur at the Court of Sweden, is now 
deceased. The children of Alexander Jung now in New Orleans 
are : Louis A., L. E., living on Jackson avenue, and 1 sister, 
who is now Sister Angele of St. Joseph 's convent, in New Orleans. 
Louis A. Jung came to New Orleans when 3 years old. He attended 
McCauley's school, which was then on Camp street, but on account 
of the father's idea that in America an education was not valuable, 
he was taken out of school wlu^n but little more than 13 years old 
and put to work. He began as clerk in a wholesale flour store, but 
afterwards went with Cambon & Avee, where he remained until he 
was 24 years old, when he went with Godchaux as confidential clerk 
and held this position for 12 years. In 1881, at the age of 36, Mr. 
Jung went into the coal business on his own account. In 1895 he 
took his sons into partnership with him and the firm became known 
as Jung & Sons. It was later formed into a corporation, of which 
L. A. Jung is president. Mr. Jung is also in the oil business, being 
vice-president of the Texas Oil Co., to which concern he devotes 
most of his time. In 1865 Mr. Jung was married to Miss Marie Azelie 
Ledossu d'Hebecourt, daughter of Francis Napoleon Ledossu d'He- 
becourt, of New Orleans. Mrs. Jung's great-grandfather founded 
the city of Gallipolis, 0., and the Portsmouth (0.) Republican of 
July 4, 1867, contained some sketches of French residents of Gal- 
lipolis and the following is copied from that paper: "Francois An- 
aclet d'Hebecourt was some 30 years of age at the time of the land- 



228 LOUISIANA 

ing of the French immigrants at this place. He was of commanding 
appearance, graceful in his manners, of finely cultivated mind and 
had been reared in luxury and ease ; but few men among the immi- 
grants possessed as much intelligence and acquaintance with life 
as d'Hebecourt. At the very outset his counsel was relied upon, 
and the immigrants on completing their voyage and route to the 
banks of "La Belle Rivier, " being compelled to form a military 
company in order to defend themselves against the attacks of In- 
dians, Gov. St. Clair was petitioned and asked to issue a commis- 
sion to d'Hebecourt as captain. A commission Avas promptly for- 
warded and during the Indian war, from 1790 until peace was made 
in 1794, Capt. d'Hebecourt commanded the garrison, containing 
some 500 French immigrants, to wliom rations and provisiou.s were 
furnished the greater part of the time by tlie United States com- 
missaries. Wliile Captain d'Hebecourt was in command of the 
military force, he required a rigid adherence to military orders. 
He had been an officer in the French army and was a perfect mas- 
ter of military tactics and garrison duties. His company was di- 
vided into classes of 10 men to each class, who took turns in patrol- 
ling the country daily, so that every class would be called out 1 
day in 12 to mal^e a circuit, starting out and going up or down the 
Ohio some 10 miles, then .spreading apart and marching in a cau- 
tious and stealthy manner around the country so as to get to the 
river, above or below, as the case might be, and then to the garrison 
to report the day's operations. This line of conduct prescribed by 
Capt. d'Hebecourt was so successfully carried out that the Indians 
never approached without due notice to the garrison. Indeed, the 
tact and military ability displayed by Capt. Hebecourt drew forth 
flattering testimonials from Col. Elbenzer Sproat, who was in com- 
mand of tlie 6 garrisons of Washington county." To j\Ir. and Jlrs. 
L. A. Jung, the following children have been born: Ambroisine, 
now Mrs. Ernest Develle ; Charles and Theodore, members of Jung 
& Sons, and Rita, now Mrs. Stewart. 

Kahle, P. Jorda, prominent New Orleans physician and specialist, 
was born in New Orleans, La., Nov. 25, 1882; son of Herman and 
Nisida (Jorda) Kahle, born respectively in Goettingen, Germany, 
1853, and New Orleans, La., 1858. The maternal grandfather, P. 
Jorda, was born in New Orleans, and during the Civil war served 
4 years as a Confederate soldier, his command being attached to 
the Army of the Tennessee. He died in 1904, at the age of 83 years. 
The Jorda family has for several generations lived in New Orleans. 
Hermann Kahle graduated from Goettingen university, and came 
to New Orleans from the fatherland, in 1870, with the ob.ject of 
engaging in the cotton business with his uncle, Gen. Carl. Reich- 
ard. He has from that time continued a resident of New Orleans, 
being now assistant cashier of the Metropolitan bank. P. Jorda 
Kahle attended the public schools of New Orleans, and in 1898 
entered the academic department of Tulane university, taking a 
scientific course, and graduated with the degree of B. S., in 1902. 
At this time he was elected teaclier of French and Spanish under 
^rof. Fortier, and continued in this capacity for 9 years, being so 
engaged while taking a medical course at the university. He grad- 



BIOGRAPHICAL 229 

ijated from Tulaue, witli liis medical degree, in 1905, with distinction, 
liaving done original work, set forth in an ai'tiele on agglutintum 
tests for tuberculosis, which was recommended for publication. 
Shortly following his graduation, he spent some time in Panama, 
under the direction of the Louisiana state board of health, with the 
object of preventing yellow fever being brought to New Orleans. 
His labors in Panama being successfully concluded, he returned to 
the city of his birth and engaged in the practice of medicine, but 
after about 1 year he accepted a position as acting assistant sur- 
geon in the ilarine Hospital service, and was stationed in Honduras 
during an epidemic of yellow fever there. While so engaged he 
was asked by the Honduran government to undertake the sanitation 
of Puerto Cortez, the main port of entry on the Atlantic coast, and 
also to devise means and to supervise the work of placing all the 
towns along the Intra-Oceanic R. R. in sanitary condition. This 
work was undertaken and successfully completed, with the result 
that the quarantine was raised and no epidemic of yellow fever 
followed. Returning to the United States, Dr. Kahle, in 1907, took 
a special course at Rush IMedical college, Chicago, in genito-urinary 
and venereal diseases, following which he returned to New Orleans 
and resumed practice in the specialties for which he had fitted him- 
self. In 1911 he resigned as a teacher in the academic department 
of Tulane imiver^ity, and in 1913 was elected assistant in surgery 
of" the genito-urinary organs and rectum, which position he tills 
at this time. Dr. Kahle is a member of the Orleans Parish Medical 
association, Louisiana State Medical association, American Medical 
association, and the American Urological association. He is now 
clinical assistant in genito-urinary and venereal and rectal diseases 
at Tulane Post-Graduate Medical school, and also visiting surgeon 
at the New Orleans Charity hospital. Dr. Kahle has 1 son, Henry 
Reichard, born 1910. 

Kaufman, Charles A., president of the Charles A. Kaufman Co., 
Ltd., New Orleans, was born in Germany, June 15, 1845 ; a son of 
Jonathan and Helen (Firnberg) Kaufman, both natives of Ger- 
many. Jonathan Kaufman, the father, followed the avocation of a 
merchant in Germany, and after having removed to the United 
States, in the year 1850, lived in retirement until the end of his life. 
His death occurred in 1851. His wife survived him until 1890. To 
their union, 12 children were born, only three of whom are living at 
this time. Charles A. Kaufman, the subject of this sketch, was the 
youngest of the 3 children. He attended a private school at Ope- 
lousas. La., and later in New Orleans, being prepared in the latter 
for entering Harvard university, but was deterred from going there 
by the begininng of hostilities of the Civil war. Instead of going 
north to the university, he entered the service of a wholesale dry 
goods house at New Orleans, and there continued about 3 years, 
following which he became a salesnian in a retail store, and con- 
tinued in this latter connection for 4 years. Following these 7 
years in the dry goods business, wholesale and retail, he formed a 
partnership with the late Marks Isaacs, under the firm name of 
Kaufman & Isaacs, and launched into l)usiness on Dryades street, 
in New Orleans, this being in the year 1878. The business pros- 



230 LOUISIANA 

pered from the beginning, and this finu name remained unchanged 
throughout about 22 years of successful merchandising. In 1900 
the long-standing partnership was dissolved, and the firm of Charles 
A. Kaufman Co., Ltd., was organized, with Charles A. Kaufman, 
president ; Arthur I. Kaufman, vice-president, B. Kiam, treasurer, 
and Claude M. Kaufman, secretary. Along with the above officers 
of the corporation, the board of directors also include the name 
of Percy S. Kaufman, who is a stockholder in the organization. 
There has been no change in the personnel of the officers and direc- 
tors since the original selection of these at the time of the incorpor- 
ation of the business at its beginning, and under their direction and 
management the business of this firm has prospered from its start, 
and continues its healthy growth and expansion. Chas. A. Kauf- 
man's interests and activities are by no means confined to this big 
mercantile business. He is also a member, respectively, of the board 
of directors of the Commercial-Germania Trust & Savings bank, 
and of the Stern Foundry & Machine Co. ; also a member of the 
sewerage and water board of the city of New Orleans, his commis- 
sion in the latter capacity expiring in the year 1921. ilr. Kaufman 
was married in April, 1869, and is the father of 6 children, namely: 
Arthur, Cora, wife of B. Kiam ; Bertha, now Mrs. N. S. Stern, of 
New Orleans ; Claud M., Percy S., and Viola, wife of Stanford M. 
Beers, of New Orleans, commission broker. I\Ir. Kaufman has long 
been widely known throughout the commercial and financial cir- 
cles of New Orleans, and contiguous and tributary regions, and his 
connections and associations are very extensive. His long and suc- 
cessful record as identified with the community of New Orleans 
conclusively .siiows him as a public-spirited citizen, at all times fully 
alive to the best interests of the people among whom he lives, and 
readily co-operating in any movement directed toward conserving 
those interests. He is a man of the highest sense of personal in- 
tegrity and unswerving loyalty, and upon those sterling cjualities 
his successful career is founded and has endured through many 
adverse conditions and discouraging situations under the weight 
of which a less stable character could not have survived. He is fit- 
tingly numbered among the city's most successful and dependable 
men of large affairs and complex business activities. 

Kemp, Robert Christie, M. D. — Baton Kouge, La. — Is a graduate 
of the medical department of Tiilane university of Louisiana, where 
he received his degree of ]\I. D., with the class of 1900. During 1 
year thereafter he served as an interne in the New Orleans Charity 
hospital, this being followed by 2V2 years' service as resident physi- 
cian at the Louisiana Insane hospital, Jackson, La. He then located 
at Echo, La., where he reniMiued in active general practice about 
5 years. At the expiration of this period, in 1908, he located at 
Baton Rouge, in which city the doctor has liuilt up a large and 
lucrative general practice and has gained the reputation of an able 
surgeon. He fills the position of surgeon for the Standard Oil Co., 
of Baton Rouge, and is surgeon for the Louisiana State university. 
Dr. Kemp is a member of the East Baton Rouge Parish Medical so- 
ciety, the Louisiana State Medical society, the American Medical 
association, the Medical Congress of Surgeons of North America, 



BIOGRAPHICAL 231 

the Charity Hospital Alumni, the Masonic fraternity, being a Knight 
Templar Mason. In 1904, Dr. Kemp was married to Mrs. IMargaret 
Wilson, nee Bonnet, and 3 children have been born to their union. 
Dr. Kemp was born in Yazoo county, Miss., Dec. 15, 1873, but was 
reared in the state of Louisiana and educated at Amite collegiate 
institute. After leaving school he obtained employment in a gen- 
eral store, where he gained valuable experience as a druggist, mean- 
while studying medicine. His father, Dr. Jonathan Joseph Kemp, 
now located at Independence, La., has been a very .successful prac- 
titioner for many year,5. The father is a veteran of the Civil war, in 
which he served as a private in Confederate cavalry, and as a pris- 
oner of war was confined at Chicago for a portion of the time during 
the war. Dr. Jonathan Joseph Kemp, the father, was married to Jliss 
Susan Richardson. Both the mother and father were born in Lou- 
isiana. Dr. Robert Christie Kemp enjoys a large popularity, both 
with his professional brethren and anu)ug tho.se who come under 
his care as patients. As a citizen he is held in high esteem by the 
people among wliom he lives and does the work of his life avocation. 
The doctor has taken no active part in politics further than to dis- 
charge the obligations of citizenship and aid in the selection of 
those delegated to administer the laws of the land in which his lot 
is cast. He is always found ready to do his part in any movement 
which is to carry the people forward to better things in their daily 
lives. 

Kemper, James Parkerson, civil engineer, was born in St. Mary 
parish, Aug. 5, 1868, the son of William P. Kemper, a native of St. 
Mary parish, who was born June 26, 1826, who lived all his life in 
St. Mary parish and died there Nov. 26, 1890; and Monica (Rogers) 
Kemper, who was born in Boston, Ma.ss., in Nov., 1835, the daugh- 
ter of John and Margaret (Reynolds) Rogers. Monica Rogers came 
to St. Mary parish as a governess in 1857 and in 1 year married Mr. 
W. P. Kemper. To Mr. and Mrs. W. P. Kemper, 8 children were 
born, as follows: Steplien Young, who died in infancy; Eliza 
Blanche, afterwards ilrs. Carroll Barton of Assumption parish, and 
who died in 1892 ; William Byrne, now of Wharton, Tex. ; Kate Gil- 
man, now Mrs. Dr. W. P. Simmons, of Terre Bonne parish ; Mary 
Jane, now Mrs. Wallace Trowbridge, of Evmice, La. ; James Parker- 
son, the subject of this sketch ; Walter Young, of Franklin, St. Mary 
parish, now internal revenue collector at New Orleans, and Cliarles 
Delaware, of Franklin, St. ]\Iary parish, who is superintendent of 
the Sterling Sugar & R. R. Co. J. P. Kemper's great-grandfather 
was Nathan Kemper, who moved to St. Mary parish in 1807. He 
and Gov. Johnson were partners in a sugar plantation on Bayou 
Sale. This Nathan Kemper was prominent in the early history of 
this country. Reuben Kemper, a bachelor, and a brother of Nathan 
Kemper, served under Jackson at the Battle of New Orleans in the 
War of 1812. This battle occurred in Jan., 1815, after peace had 
been proclaimed, but they did not know it. This same Reuben Kem- 
per served under Sam Houston wlien Texas fought for freedom from 
Mexico. He was deeded large land grants for his services, but he 
did not care for it, and went of¥ and let it alone. The Kempers 
were brought to this country from Germany in 1712 or 1717, by 



232 LOUISIANA 

Gov.-Gen. Spottiswood, to operate mines in Virginia. They settled 
the little colony of Germania in Virginia. J. P. Kemper spent his 
youth in St. Mary parish and was taught by a governess until 14 
years old, when he went to the Maryland agricultural college in 
Prince George county, IMd. From there he went to the University 
of Alabama in 1884, and graduated from the school of engineering 
with the degree Bachelor of Engineering, in 1887, and for post- 
graduate work obtained the degree C. E. in 1891 from the same 
university. After obtaining his first degree he started in R. R. 
engineering in Alabama, but in 1890 he changed into electrical en- 
gineering, and that year, 1890, he spent in what was then the 
Thompson-Houston works, in Lynn, Mass., which is now part of 
the General Electric Co. The year 1891 was spent in electrical bus- 
iness in St. Paul, Minn., and the years 1892 and 1893 in the same 
line in Chicago. In 1894 he returned to Louisiana and continued in 
electrical engineering until 1896, when he returned to the practice 
of civil engineering in St. Mary parish, which consisted mostly of 
drainage work. In 1908 he moved to New Orleans, and has since had 
a general engineering practice which, however, is nearly all country 
work. In addition to this engineering work, he has always had 
sugar plantations and some of the time timber interests. He now 
has a timber interest in Pointe Coupee parish. i\Ir. Kemper is a 
member of the Louisiana Engineering society and also a member of 
the Episcopal chui-ch. In 1896 he married Cordelle, daughter of 
T. S. Alexander, of St. Mary parish. To Mr. and Mrs. Kemper 3 
children have been born, as follows: Cordelle, James Lawson and 
Richard l\ogers Kemper. 

Kemper, Walter Y., civil engineer and resident of Franklin, La., 
was born on Cote Blanche Island. Saint Mary parish. La., Sept. 13, 
1871, the son of William P. and Monica (Rogers) Kemper. His 
father was southern born, Saint ^Mary parish being his native place, 
and his mother was born in Maine. The Kempers came from Vir- 
ginian to Louisiana. They were of German origin. The great- 
great-grandfather of Mr. Kemper was the first to come to 
Louisiana. He settled in Saint Mary parish, and there the family 
has lived for 5 generations, and its members for the greater part 
have been sugar planters. ~Mr. Kemper's father was a veteran of 
the Civil war, in which he served 4 years as a private in a Louisiana 
regiment of the Confederate army. He died in 1890 at the age of 
65 years, and his wife survived him 19 years and died at the age 
of 74. They had 7 children, of which Walter Y. is the youngest 
but one. Only one of the children are deceased. All of them were 
reared on the plantation. Walter Y. Kemper was prepared for 
college by his sisters and private governesses, and in 1890 he grad- 
iiated in mining engineering from the University of Alabama. While 
in this university, Mr. Kemper took a course in sugar chemistry, 
and after graduating was for 3 years a sugar chemist,' then lie be- 
came manager of the parental plantation, and later of other plan- 
tations, his last experience being in Cuba for one year. He then 
returned to Louisiana and located at Franklin, where he has since 
been engaged in civil engineering, but in the meantime he has had 
time for politics, as a Republican, and in 1910 he was appointed 



BIOGRAPHICAL 233 

supervisor of United States census for the second Louisiana cen- 
sus district. In Oct., 1911, Mr. Kemper l)ecame collector of United 
States internal revenue for the State of Louisiana, a position he 
now liolds. In 1894, Mr. Kemper and Miss Leonora Barton were 
united in marriage. Mrs. Kemper is a daughter of Jlr. E. D. Bar- 
ton, a prominent sugar planter of Saint James parish, where she 
was born. Five children have been born unto ilr. and Mrs. Kem- 
per. They are: Leonora Barton Kemper (Mrs. Robert H. Collins), 
Walter Y. Kemper, Jr., William P. Kemper, Clarence Barton Kem- 
per, and Donald Barton Kemper. 

Kerr, Frank Montgomery, chief state engineer of Louisiana, was 
born in New Orleans, La., Feb. 28, 1851, the son of Richard Hulton 
Kerr, a native of Nassau, Babanm Islands, and Priseilla (McCarthy) 
Kerr, a native of Cork, Ireland. Mr. Richard Hulton Kerr was 
l)orn in 1820 and came to America when a young man and settled 
in New Orleans, identifying himself with the business interests of 
Louisiana until his death in 1906 at the age of 86 years. For some 
time Mr. R. H. Kerr was a railroad man in the employ of the New 
Orleans, Opelousas & Great Northern R. R., which is now a part 
of the Southern Pacific. The remainder of his business career was 
spent in connection with the Sun Mutual Insurance company. Jlr. 
F. M. Kerr's mother, Priseilla (IMcCarthy) Kerr came to this coun- 
try wiien a child and lived here until her death in 1886 at the age 
of 60 years. Mr. Frank JI. Kerr is the only living child of his 
parents. His early education was received in the public schools 
and from there he went to the Louisiana state university in 1867, 
graduating from that institution in 1871 with the degree of C. E. 
After graduation he returned to New Orleans and found employ- 
ment as private secretary to the chief engineer of the Louisiana 
levee company, then under contract witli the state of Louisiaua for 
the construction of all the levee work in the state. The chief en- 
gineer under whom Mv. Kerr served was Col. Caleb G. Forshey, a 
civil engineer of great note at that time. Mr. Kerr served in "this 
capacity from 1871 to 1876 when the contract with the Louisiana 
levee company was abrogated and the construction of all levee work 
was resumed liy the state direct tlirough the board of state engineers 
of Louisiana, with which board Mr. Kerr obtained employment as 
chief draughtsman under ]Maj. B. M. Ilarrod, then chief state en- 
gineer. "Sir. Kerr occupied this place until 1882, when he was pro- 
moted to the position of secretary to the board of state engineers, 
which he held until 1888, when he was appointed by Gov. Francis 
T. Nichols as assistant state engineer and member of the board of 
state engineers. In this capacity he served under different admin- 
istrations until 1902 when he was appointed by Gov. W. W. Heard 
as chief state engineer, an office he has continuously held until the 
present time, liaving acquired a wide reputation for eiiSciency and 
skill in his profession. Mr. Kerr is a menil)er of the American soci- 
ety of civil engineers and of the Louisiana engineering society; he 
is also a member of the Boston club. In 1878 he married Miss 
Almaide Kate Bonnabel of New Orleans, daughter of Henry and 
Jvdia (McCarthy) Bonnabel, the latter being a sister of Mr. Kerr's 
mother. To Mr. and Mrs. Kerr the following children have been 



234 LOUISIANA 

born : Frank JI., Jr. ; Gertrude, now IMrs. A. W. Jackman ; Alma, 
now Jlrs. B. U. Sims, of Bryan, Tex., and Chas. j\I., a civil engineer, 
and now assistant liighway engineer of Louisiana. 

Kimbell, John Lamar, M. D., of Shreveport, was born near Homer, 
La., January 12, 1862, and is a sou of John and Mary Jane (Lewis) 
Kimbell. His father was born Aug. 13, 1806, in South Carolina, but 
was reared in Georgia. He was a son of Benjamin Kimbell, a na- 
tive of South Carolina and a sou of David Kimltell, who was a na- 
tive of Massachusetts and of English lineage. This family of Kim- 
bells in America is related to the same English family to wliich be- 
longed the celebrated Euglisli actress, Fannie Kimbell, and actors, 
John and Philip Kimbell. Johu Kimbell came to Louisiana about 
1848, and settled in Claiborne parish, and there established "Kim- 
bell Hall" plantation, and became one of the largest iiplaud plant- 
ers of the state. In the fifties he served in the legislature from 
Claiborne parish, of which parish he afterward served as sheriff. 
He was often referred to as "Honest" John Kimbell. In all of his 
private and public relations he maintained a strict regard for 
probity and was highly respected by all who knew him. He was 
twice married, his first wife bore the maiden name of Nancy Mc- 
Gowan, who died in Georgia, just before he came to Louisiana, and 
it was in the latter state that he married Mrs. Mary Jane Hobdy, 
nee Lewis. His second wife was born in Alabama, the daughter of 
John Lewis who was a direct descendant of an early family of 
Baltimore. Johu Kimbell died at "Kimbell Hall," his plantation, 
in 1888, and the mother of Dr. Kimbell died in 1897. She was pos- 
sessed of strong force of character, with sterling qualities of heart 
and mind. Dr. Kimbell was reared at "Kimbell Hall" and edu- 
cated in the schools and colleges of his native parish. Col. J. W. 
Nicholson was one of his teachers at Homer college, and after com- 
pleting his literary education he took up the study of medicine 
under Dr. Joseph Atkinson, of Arcadia, and later graduated from 
the Hospital College of Medicine, Louisville, Ky., in 1884. He grad- 
uated in medicine with distinction aud high honors, and began the 
practice of his profession in Caddo parish, at Bayou La Chute, where 
he remained several years, and thence removed to Howard, in the 
same parish, and a few years later he practiced and resided for 
2 years at Homer, La. In 1907, Dr. Kimbell located in Shreveport, 
where he has built iip a large and remunerative practice. In 1906 
he was the first to call attention to the breath as being a diagnostic 
feature in all cases of appendicitis, which has attracted widespread 
interest in the medical profession. He is a member of the Shreve- 
port City, the Louisiana State I\ledical societies and of the Ameri- 
can Medical association. Fraternally, he is a Master Mason and 
a Knight of Pythias. In church faith, he is a Baptist. In 1891 
Dr. Kimbell married Miss Ada Lety Mercer, daughter of William 
Judson Mercer, a lieutenant of the Confederate army. Mrs. Kim- 
bell was born in Texas, and is a descendant of the Rev. Jesse ]Mer- 
eer, a Baptist divine and founder of Mercer college, Georgia. Her 
mother by maiden name was Clara Adelaide Prescott, a daughter 
of Dr. Prescott, of Lake Providence, La. Mrs. Kimbell is a Colon- 
ial dame and a Daughter of the Confederate States of America. 



BIOGRAPHICAL 235 

Unto Dr. and Mrs. Kirabell were born the following children : John 
Lamar, Jr., Lewi.s Mercer, and Mary Jewell Kimbell. Dr. Kimbell 
has borne a prominent part in the promotion and organization of 
several industrial concerns, prominent among which is the Caddo 
Rock Drill Bit Co., and takes a commendable interest in movements 
which tend towards the betterment of the public weal. 

Knighton, Joseph E., M. D. — Specialist in Digestive Disorders, 
Shreveport, La. — Was born at the farm home of his parents in 
Claiborne parish. La., Dec. 15, 1870 ; son of Joseph 0. and Martha 
J. (Harvey) Knighton, the former of whom was born in Yazoo 
county. Miss., and died in Claiborne parish, La., in the year 1822, 
at the age of 49 years. He was a planter and a veteran of the Con- 
federate army, having served the cause of the Southern states from 
beginning to end of the Civil war. The mother was born near 
Rome, Ga., and survives at this time. Pour sons and two daughters 
were born to their union. The mother had previously been mar- 
ried to a Mr. Hamiter, and 1 son was born to this marriage. Mr. 
Hamiter served as a Confederate soldier, and was killed in battle 
during the Civil war. Joseph E. Knighton, the son, was reared 
on the farm, and was 12 years old when the death of his father 
occurred. He attended the parish schools, and later graduated 
from the high school at Sunset, Tex. Following this, he returned 
to Claiborne parish. La., and there taught a school about 2 years, 
afterward beginning the study of medicine at Louisville Medical 
college. Later he graduated from the medical department of the 
University of Nashville, with the degree of M. D. in the class of 
1899. Shortly thereafter he began the practice of medicine in 
Claiborne parish, but later removed to Homer, La., where he con- 
tinued as a practicing physician until the year 1909, at which time 
he removed to Shreveport and began practice as a specialist in 
digestive diseases. Dr. Knighton has taken post-graduate courses 
at New Orleans, Chicago, New York, and Baltimore. The doctor 
is a member of the Shreveport, Louisiana State, and Tri-State Med- 
ical societies, and the American Medical association. He is a thirty- 
second degree Scottish-Rite Mason and a member of the Baptist 
church. In 1899 Dr. Knighton was married to Miss Mattie Fay 
Duke, of Atlanta, Ark. Dr. and I\Irs. Knighton have 4 living chil- 
dren. 

Koelle, J. Marcus, M. D., of New Orleans, born in that city, March 
12, 1877, the son of Rev. P. 0. Koelle, native of Elberfield, Germany, 
(1839; died in New Orleans, Oct. 28, 1904), and Anna (Lotz) 
Koelle, (born at Hesse-Cassell, Germany in 1839 ; died in New 
Orleans.) The subject of this biography was educated in a parochial 
school, next, in a school conducted by his father, later in Boothby's 
private school, and entered the high school of Tulane, which he left 
to attend Port Gibson academy. "While at the latter institution, 
the yoiing student, thinking he was called to the ministry, went to 
the Soutliwestern Presbyterian university, but after studying for 
1 year, experienced a change of idea, and in 1897 matriculated in 
the medical department of Tulane university, from wliich he grad- 
uated in 1901. An epidemic of smallpox among the students at 
Tulane, during the time Dr. Koelle was following the courses, 



236 LOUISIANA 

caused a panic ; and he was the only one who volunteered to nurse 
the sick; faithfully and courageously fulfilling that altruistic serv- 
ice until the last patient had recovered. Since graduating, the doc- 
tor has been in continuous practice in New Orleans, and is a special- 
ist in anesthesia, which he had studied at the Skin Cancer hospital 
in New York City, under Dr. Gwathniey, in 1910. Before leaving 
Tulane, and until 1911, he was the house physician at Bethany Home 
sanitarium, founded by his father in 1889. At one time he was lec- 
turer iu the Orleans Dental college ; and is now visiting special anes- 
theist to the Presbyterian hospital, the Hotel Dieu, and the French 
hospital. Is a member of the Democratic party ; and in religion, a 
Presbyterian; and is affiliated with the Orleans Parish and State 
Medical societies; the Pan-American Medical and Surgical and the 
American Medical associations, and editor-in-chief of the Depart- 
ment of Anesthesia of the Pan-American Medical & Surgical Jour- 
nal, the new official organ of the State Medical society; Past Master 
in the Masonic order, member of the Knights of Pythias, the Odd 
Fellows, the Druids, and the Red Men. Jan. 18, 1905, Dr. Koelle 
married ]\Iiss Mary Henderson, a daughter of Zachary Taylor Hen- 
derson, of Pointe Coupee parish, La. 

Kohlmann, William, M. D., New Orleans, was born in Reinpfalz, 
Germany, June 6, 1863 ; son of L. and Regina Kohlmann. He was 
educated in the public schools of his native country, including high 
school, graduated from the medical department of the University 
of Heidelberg in 1889, and from the medical department of the 
University of Wuerzburg, in 1890, having served as interne in 
hospitals in the meantime. In 1891 he came to America and located 
at New Orleans, where he has since been engaged in practice, with 
the exception of brief absences. In 1897 he took post-graduate 
work in Berlin. In 1897-98 he was resident surgeon at Touro in- 
firmary, and following this term was surgeon-in-chief to the same 
institution until 1906. He is now visiting gynecologist to both 
Touro infirmary and the New Orleans Charity hospital. Dr. Kohl- 
mann specializes in gynecology and abdominal surgery. He is a 
member of Touro Synagogue and of the Orleans Parish, Louisiana 
State and American Medical associations. Southern Medical asso- 
ciation, and the Southern Surgical and Gynecological society. 

Kostmayer, Hiram Watkins, successful physician, surgeon and 
medical educator, was born at New Orleans, La., Sept. 25, 1883 ; 
son of John G. and Catherine (Eichborn) Kostmayer, born, respec- 
tively, in New Orleans, La., and in Germany. His paternal grand- 
father was the first representative of the family to come to America, 
and located at New Orleans. His son, John G., was for 40 years 
a member of the firm of J. H. Keller, soap manufacturer, and the 
oldest soap manufacturing establishment in the South. He is at 
this time engaged in the real estate business. During the "Recon- 
struction Period" in Louisiana, following the Civil war, he was 
allied with the forces of the "White League," and participated in 
the battle against the "carpet-bag" regime in 1874. Catherine 
Eicliborn came from Germany willi her motlier wlien about 7 years 
old. Hiram Watkins Kostmayer was educated in the public schools 
of New Orleans. After graduating from the Boys' Central high 



BIOGRAPHICAL 237 

school, he entered Tulane university, and took the degree of A. B. 
at that institution in 1904. He then entered tlie medical depart- 
ment of Tulane university, and in 1909 graduated with the de- 
gree of M. D., having meantime spent 2 years as interne, or ambu- 
lance surgeon, at the New Orleans Charity hospital. Following his 
graduation, he entered upon the practice of medicine at New Or- 
leans and has so continued. Immediately after having taken his 
medical degree at Tulane university, he was appointed clinical as- 
sistant to the chair of gynecology. Later he was made instructor 
in gynecology and chief of clinic to Prof. Clark, medical depart- 
ment, Tulane university. From the time of his graduation he has 
been a visiting surgeon to the Charity hospital. He has been dis- 
trict surgeon for the Illinois Central R. R. since 1911, and is asso- 
ciate abstract editor of the magazine, "Surgery, Gynecology, and 
Obstetrics." Dr. Kostmayer is a member of the Orleans Parish 
Medical association, Louisiana State Medical association, American 
I\Iedical association. Phi Chi Medical fraternity, in which he has 
been active, representing the orgi^uization at one time as delegate 
to the national convention at Atlanta. Dr. Kostmayer is also a 
Mason — Blue Lodge — and at this time occupies the post of Wor- 
sliipful master. 

Kramer, Wilbur H., clerk of court, Franklin, St. Mary parish. 
La., was born at Rome, Ga., Nov. 6, 1871 ; son of Rev. William P. 
and Jean (Mobley) Kramer, the former of whom was a native of 
the State of Maryland, and the latter of Georgia. The father was 
for some years rector of Christ Cathedral, in New Orleans. He be- 
came an Episcopal clergyman early in life, and some of his earlier 
charges were at Augusta, Ga., and Louisville, Ky. In the '70s he 
succeeded to the rectorship of Christ Cathedral, at New Orleans, and 
was one of the clergymen to remain in New Orleans during the 
yellow fever epidemic of 1878. He survived the fever epidemic, 
but died 2 years later, 1880. His widow is living at this time. In 
the course of his education, Wilbur H. Kramer attended Selwin Hall 
Military academy, Reading, Pa., graduating from the academy in 
1888. Following this, he attended Lehigh university 2 years, taking 
the classical course. During the succeeding 2 yeai's, he traveled in 
Europe and South America, and in 1892 located at Patterson, St. 
JMai-y parish. La. Shortly thereafter he became secretary of the 
St. Mary Building association, and remained incumbent of that po- 
sition for 8 years. In 1900 he was apponted superintendent of pub- 
lie instruction for the parish of St. IMary, and occupied tliat office 
3 years. In 1903 he was appointed by Gov. Heard to till an unex- 
pired term as clerk of the district court, and has been elected for 
3 successive terms in that capacity since the expiration of the term 
of the original appointment, the last election having been in 1912. 
]Mr. Kramer is vice-president, respectively, of the Bank of Berwick, 
and the People's State & Savings bank of Morgan City; also, vice- 
president of the St. Mary Building association. He is a member 
of the Episcopal church and treasurer of his church parish ; mem- 
ber of the Masonic fraternity. Woodmen of the World, Knights 
of Pythias, Ancient United Order of Druids, State Historical so- 
ciety. In 1897, j\Ir. Kramer was married to iliss Annie Parkei'son, 



238 LOUISIANA 

a daughter of Gen. Parkerson, of Franklin, La. Their children, 
in order of birth, are Wilbur Parkerson, Mildred Parkerson, and 
Stirling Parkerson. 

Labbe, Dr. D. C, successful dentist, member of Louisiana house 
of representatives, member state tax commission, St. Martinville, 
La., was born at St. Martinville, St. Martin parish. La., Dec. 17, 
1875; son of Arthur and Stephanie (Duchamp) Labbe, the former 
of whom was born in the same locality as was the son, and the lat- 
ter in the Island of Martinique. For further details as to parents 
and ancestry, see sketch of Hon. Theobald J. Labbe, elsewhere in 
this work. In the course of his earlier education, D. C. Labbe at- 
tended private schools at St. Martinville and at Grand Coteau, in 
St. Landry parish, and after having been thoroughly prepared at 
these, matriculated at Spring Hill college. Mobile, Ala., from which 
in due time he graduated. When his academic education had been 
completed, in 1893, he entered the dental department of North- 
western university, Chicago, 111., from which he graduated with 
the class of 1896. Shortly following the completion of his pro- 
fessional education, he opened dental offices at St. Martinville, and 
there began the practice of dentistry, which was continued until 
the year 1900, when he purchased the Vida sugar refinery, formerly 
owned by his father-in-law, in Iberia parish. To the operation of 
this property he gave his attention for 1 year, when, on account 
of threatened ill health, he removed to New Mexico, where he passed 
about 7 years. In 1908 he returned to St. Martinville and engaged 
in the real estate business, which has claimed his chief attention 
from that time to the present. Dr. Labbe is actively affiliated with 
the Democratic party, the principles of which he has at all times 
supported; nor has he allowed his profession to deter him from 
the activities of a public-spirited and progressive citizen loyal to 
the best interests of the people among whom he lives. He has 
served as a member of the St. Martinville city council, and as mayor 
pro tern. In 1912, Dr. Labbe was elected a member of the Louisiana 
state legislature from St. Martin parish for a term of -t years, and 
during the ensuing session of the legislature was appointed by the 
speaker of the house of representatives as a member of the state 
tax commission. In 1913 he was elected a delegate to the state con- 
stitutional convention at Baton Rouge. He is a member of the 
Roman Catholic church. In 1897 Dr. Labbe was married to Miss 
Vida Martin, a daughter of James F. and Sara (Whit) Martin, of 
Iberia parish, La. Sara (Whit), wife of James F. Martin, was for- 
merly of New Orleans. Four children, as follows, have been liorn 
to Dr. and Mrs. Labbe: Harry James, born 1898; Owen J., 1900; 
Lucille M., 1902 ; Arthur J., 1904. 

Labbe, Hon. Theobald J. — Farmer, druggist, banker, legislator, 
and Educator ; St. Jilartinville, St. Martin parish. La., was born at 
St. Martinville, Nov. 6, 1867. His father, Arthur Labbe, was born 
in the same locality as was the son, and died at the place of his 
birth, in the year 1901, at the age of 60 years. At the age of 17 he 
enlisted in the 18th La. volunteer infantry and served as a Confed- 
erate soldier throughout the years of the Civil war. After the 
war he returned home, collected such resources as remained to him, 



BIOGRAPHICAL 239 

and began business as a merchant at St. Martinville. Subsequently 
he began farming, and continued the latter occupation until the 
time of his death. He lived the life of an active, public-spirited 
citizen, and in the course of his services to the public during 8 years 
filled the position of president of the police jury of St. Martin par- 
ish. His wife, Stephanie (Duchamp) Labbe, was a native of the 
Island of Martinique, and came to Louisiana with her father, Eu- 
gene Duchamp, when a child. Eugene Duchamp also was a native 
of the Island of Martinique. On locating at St. Martinville he es- 
tablished a drug business, and to this his energies were devoted 
unitl about 3 years prior to his death, covering a period of 40 years. 
His store stood upon the ground now occupied by the new store 
owned and operated by the subject of this sketch, the latter build- 
ing having been erected in 1897. The paternal grandfather, Ce- 
saire Labbe, and his father, Vincent Labbe, were natives of St. Mar- 
tin parish, and devoted their respective lives to the avocation of 
farming. The founder of the Labbe family in Louisiana came to 
this country as captain of a French sailing vessel, and having lost 
his ship, after some preliminary prospecting, located at Lafayette, 
where he opened a provate school. At that time the country in the 
region of Lafayette and thereabouts was known as the Attakapas, 
and St. Martin parish then included a part of Lafayette and Iberia 
parishes. Theobald J. Labbe was the first of 7 children born to 
his parents, 6 of these surviving at this time. He was educated in 
private schools at St. Martinville, later entering Louisiana State 
university, in 1879, where he remained until 1882, following which 
he studied pharmacy at St. Martinville, passed an examination, and 
was licensed as a pharmacist in the State of Alabama, there being 
no laws regulating such matters in Louisiana at that time, 1886. 
In 1881 he assumed charge of a stock of drugs his father had pur- 
chased, and since that year has been continually engaged in the 
drug business. In 1897 he erected the building in which the drug 
store is now housed, and in 1910 built the store adjoining, now oc- 
cupied as a hardware, house-furnishing and specialty establishment, 
the dimensions of the building being 85x65 feet, 2 stories high, the 
largest store building in the parish, and carrying the largest retail 
stock. In 1889, through the State Pharmaceutical association, Mr. 
Labl)e was appointed by Gov. Murphy J. Foster as a member of 
the Louisiana pharmaceutical examining board, and was later re- 
appointed successively by Gov. Blanchard and Gov. Heard, serving 
12 years as a member of this important board, 4 years of which time 
he occupied the office of president. In 1896 he was elected mayor of 
St. Martinville, and without opposition reelected in 1898. In 1900 
he became a candidate, on the reform ticket, for the Louisiana state 
senate, and was duly elected to that body from the 13th senatorial 
district, comprising St. Martin, Iberia and Lafayette parishes. In 
the same year he became president of the St. Martin parish school 
board. In the succeeding term of the Louisiana state senate. Sen. 
Labbe was one of the most active and aggressive workers for much- 
needed reforms throughout the stae, by no means confining his 
efforts at bettering conditions to his own district. He led the fight 
in the senate for the institution of civil service in the admiuistra- 



240 LOUISIANA 

tive affairs of the city of New Orleans, and is credited with having 
saved that measure for the city. In 1904 he was not a candidate 
for the senate, but in 1908 was again elected to that body. It was 
during this session of the legislature that the measure directed to- 
ward putting an end to race track gambling was introduced, and 
in the upper house Sen. Labbe made a strong and successful fight 
for the law. He also introduced a measure known as the medical 
bill, which also became a law and in its operation did away with 
medical practice by those not qualified. This bill was especially 
aimed at qviack practitioners. As president of the St. Martin par- 
ish school board, 1900 to 1908, inclusive, the first tax for school 
purposes was levied. In the year 1900 tliere was only 1 school 
building in the parish that was owned by the parish. During the 
8 years of Sen. Labbe 's incumbency as president of the board, 30 
school buildings were erected in the parish, these ranging in cost 
from $1500 to $20,000, and this 1 item alone furnishes an eloquent 
commentary upon the efficient labors of the president of the parish 
school board, but in addition to this, the standard of eificiency of 
the teachers was put upon a much higher plane than it pre- 
viously had been. These school buildings are constructed 3 miles 
apart, so that no child in the parish is more than ly^ miles from a 
school. In the year 1900 there were only 900 pupils attending the 
public schools of the parish. At the end of Sen. Labbe 's incum- 
bency as president of the board, 3,000 children were attending the 
public schools of the parish. At the time he became identified with 
the parish school board, the parish was paying $500 per year to- 
ward the support of the schools, and is now paying about $14,000 
per year for that purpose, while even a larger sum is received from 
the state. Previous to the year 1912 Sen. Labbe acted with the dem- 
ocratic party, biit he is now a Progressive. He is a member of the 
Masonic fraternity, and in church affiliation is a Roman Catholic. 
In 1912 he organized the Commercial bank of St. ilartinville, was 
elected president of the institution, and has remained its executive 
head since its organization. Sen. Labbe is also practically inter- 
ested in farming. In April of 1889 he was married to JMiss Corinne 
Flemming, a daughter of August Flemming of St. Martinville, who 
for a number of years occupied the office of clerk of court of St. 
Martin parish. Ten children have been born to Sen. and Mrs. Labbe, 
these being, in order of birth, as follows : Alan, who was 2 years 
a student at the University of Michigan and 2 years at Annapolis 
ililitary academy, and now a teacher in the Jeanerette high school ; 
May, now the wife of Francis Fournet, an electrical engineer and 
teacher in the state normal school at Natchitoches, La. ; Hilda, wife 
of L. J. Voorhies, civil engineer in charge of city improvements at 
Lafayette, La. ; Waldo, in the electrical department of the Southern 
Pacific shops at Houston, Tex. ; Lorena, Bessie, Alice, Stephanie, 
Ethel, and Elliot, all living, and all except those otherwise men- 
tioned, now living at the parental home. 

Lafaye, Edward E., city coniiuissioner of public property. New 
Orleans, was born in the city of New Orleans, La., June 27, 1880, 
and is a sou of John Albert and Laura (Leefe) Lafaye, the former 
of whom was born 4n Charleston, S. C, and located at New Orleans 



BIOGRAPHICAL 241 

when 14 years of age. He has resided in the city coutiuually since 
that time and has attained the age of 74 years. The mother was 
born in New Orleans and her life ended at the age of 52. To their 
union S children were born, 5 of whom are now deceased. Dui'ing 
a period of about 20 years the father, John Albert Lafaye, operated 
as a sugar planter and broker, and for about 26 years following 
this he was a traveling commercial agent in the service of the Illi- 
nois Central R. R., being now on the retired list of that corporation 
because of old age. Mr.* Lafaye, Sr., is a veteran of the Civil war, 
in which he served throughout the conflict as a member of Watson's 
Battery. Edward E. Lafaye passed his childhood and boyhood in 
the city of New Orleans, where he received his education in the 
public schools. At the age of 15 years he left school to begiu the 
battle of life for himself, and the indications are that in this battle 
the young man has "fought a good fight"— in fact, a very good 
fight. From the time of departure from school he was identified 
with the wholesale grocery business in New Orleans — covering a 
term of approximately 20 years— and in 1912, at the time of his 
election to his present position as a member of the commission gov- 
ernment of the city of New Orleans, he was assistant manager of 
the Albert Mackie Grocery Co., a very responsible and important 
position. In 1902 Commissioner Lafaye was married to i\Iiss Julia 
Berkery of New Orleans. Four children have been born to their 
union. 

Land, Alfred Dillingham, associate justice of the Supreme Court 
of Louisiana, was born in Holmes county. Miss., Jan. 15, 1842. His 
parents were Thomas Thompson and Mary Eliza (Dillingham) 
Land. His father was born in Tennessee in 1815, reared in Holmes 
county, Miss., educated in part at the University of Virginia; and 
licensed to practice law in Mississippi in the legislature of which 
state he served 1 term. He removed to Caddo parish. La., in 1846, 
and in 1847 commenced practicing law in the town of Shreveport. 
He was twice elected judge of his district; twice elected associate 
justice of the Supreme Court of Louisiana; was a member of the 
constitutional convention of 1879, and served as chairman of the 
Judiciary Committee of the convention. He died in July, 1893. 
Mary Eliza (Dillingham) Land was born in ilississippi in 1822 and 
died" in Shreveport in 1902. She was a granddaughter of i\Iaj. Al- 
fred David Smith, officer in the Revolutionary war and the War 
of 1812, and a friend of Andrew Jackson, as well as a prominent 
character of his day. Mrs. Land was related to the Runnels, Hum- 
phries and other prominent families of Mississippi. On the Land 
side the family descended from Capt. John Land of Land's Ford 
on the Catawba river, S. C, who was killed l)y the Tories during 
the Revolutionary war. Alfred Dillingham Land, after attending 
local schools in Shreveport, spent 2 terms at Centennary college, 
and 2 terms at the University of Virginia. He received his diploma 
from the law school of the University of Louisiana, now Tulane 
university, in May, 1861. A short time thereafter he enlisted in 
Company H, 7th La. volunteer infantry, C. S. A., and served with 
his command at the fir.st battle of j\Ianassas, July 21, 1861, and 
in minor engagements during the same year. In 1862 he enlisted 
III— 16 



242 LOUISIANA 

in Company A, 28tli Miss, cavalry, and in 1863 was assigned to Har- 
vey's Scouts, in which he served until badly wounded and hon- 
orably discharged in Jan., 1864. Judge Land was admitted to the 
bar in Nov., 1865, and after practicing his profession in the city 
of New Orleans about a year and a half, returned to Shreveport 
where he continually and successfully practiced law until his ele- 
vation to the bench. In 1893 and 1894 he served as a member of 
the committee on constitutional amendments, whose recommenda- 
tions as to suffrage and several other provisions were incorporated 
in whole or in part in the constitution of 1898. In Sept., 1894, Judge 
Land was elected as additional judge of the First Judicial District 
in and for the Parish of Caddo. In 1896 and again in 1900 he was 
elected sole judge of his district, without opposition. In Oct., 1903, 
Judge Land was appointed by Gov. W. W. Heard as associate jus- 
tice of the supreme court from the Second Supreme Court District, 
vice Justice N. C. Blanchard, resigned. In 1910, Ju.stice Land was 
defeated for the Democratic nomination for justice by Judge Luther 
E. Hall, who was elected to succeed Justice Land at the expiration 
of his term in June, 1912. Judge Hall resigned to become a candi- 
date for governor, and in Nov., 1912, Justice Land was elected to 
succeed himself for a term of 12 years. In November, 1869, Alfred 
D. Land and Miss Sarah Virginia Lister were united in marriage. 
]\Irs. Land was a native of Harrison county, Tex., and died in Feb., 
1884, leaving 5 children, namely : Mrs. Florence L. May, Boston, 
Mass. ; IMrs. Tilly H. Scovall, Shreveport, La. ; Mrs. James Ashtou 
Blanchard, Shreveport, La. ; Alfred D. Land, Jr., lawyer, of Shreve- 
port, La. ; and Vivian L. Land, New Orleans, La. 

Land, John R., district judge for Caddo parish, was born at Lex- 
ington, Miss., July 9, 1862, and is a son of Thomas T. and Mary 
Eliza (Dillingham) Land. His father, a native of Tennessee, was 
reared in Mississippi and later settled in Caddo parish, La., where 
he was twice elected district judge, and twice elevated to the su- 
preme bench of Louisiana. His mother was a native of Mississippi. 
The subject of this personal sketch is a brother of Judge Alfred D. 
Land, the present associate justice of the Supreme Court of Louisi- 
ana, and in whose personal sketch, appearing in this volume, a 
more extended mention of paretnal history is made. John R. Land 
was reared in Shreveport and educated in Wasliington and Lee uni- 
versity, Lexington, Va. He studied law in the office of his father 
and was admitted to the bar in 1884. In 1888 he was elected to 
represent Caddo parish in the legislature, and in the same year 
was a member of the state convention to nominate delegates to the 
national Democratic convention. In 1892 he was elected district 
attorney for Caddo parish with marked and exceptional ability in 
that office until 1904. March 25, 1913, he was elected district 
judge. Fraternally, he is a member of the I. 0. 0. F., the Knights 
of Pythias, the B. P. 0. E., and other fraternal bodies. He is a 
member of the First Church of Christ Scientist, Shreveport. In 
1896 he married Miss "Willie Armstead. To Judge and Mrs. Land 
2 children have been born, namely: John R., Jr., and Mary Eliz- 
abeth. Judge Land is regarded as an able lawyer and jurist and 
is held in highest esteem by all who know him. 



BIOGRAPHICAL 243 

Landry, Arthur, attorney and notary public, New Orleans, was 
born at New Orleans, La., April 24, 1875 ; son of Ernest and Hen- 
riette (Juge) Landry, the former of whom, now retired, was for 
many years prominently identified with banking interests of the 
city of New Orleans. He, the father, was born in St. James parish. 
La., and is a son of Silver Landry, who married a Miss Reber, of 
German descent, while he was of French lineage and a member of 
an Arcadian family which early settled in Louisiana. Ernest Lan- 
dry was yet very young when his father died. He attended Cape 
Girardeau college (Mo.) up to the age of 15 years, when, returning 
to New Orleans, he finally drifted into the banking business. When 
the Civil war came on he enlisted in the Confederate army as a 
member of Bridge's battery and served with gallantry throughout 
the war. After the surrender he returned to New Orleans and re- 
sumed his banking connections, from which he finally retired in 
1900. His wife was born at Donaldsonville, La., and was of French 
lineage. Arthur Landry is one of 8 children born to his parents. 
He was reared in New Orleans and graduated from the Jesuit col- 
lege in 1892 with the degree of A. B. In 1893 he received the de- 
gree of A. M. from the same institution. Following this, he en- 
tered the law school of Tulane university and in due time grad- 
uated from that institution of learning with the degree of LL.B. 
For several years after obtaining his legal degree he was associated 
in practice with the firm of Louque & McGloin, but later began 
practice alone, and has so continued to this time, enjoying a lucra- 
tive and highly gratifying clientele. Mr. Landry is afSliated with 
the Catholic church and is a member of the Knights of Columbus 
and the Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks. In 1909 Mr. Lan- 
dry was married to Miss Honora Newman, a daughter of the late 
Thomas Newman of New Orleans. One son, Arthur Francis, has 
been born to their union. It should be stated that during the time 
of the Spanish-American war Mr. Landry served 6 months as a 
member of Battery A, La. light artillery. 

Lapeyre, George F., son of Jean Martial Lapeyre, a biographical 
sketch of whom appears elsewhere in this work, was born at New 
Orleans, La., Oct. 18, 1864. He obtained the degree of bachelor of 
arts at Spring Hill college. Mobile, Ala., graduating with the class 
of 1882, and 4 years later the same degree was conferred upon the 
young man at Harvard university. He began the study of law 
at Harvard, where he attended 2 full sessions, but in 1888, he en- 
tered Columbia college law school in the city of New York, and 
there obtained the degree of bachelor of laws in 1889, and soon 
thereafter began the practice of his profession in New York City. 
In April, 1890, he married, in New Orleans, La., Miss Jeanette 
"Waugh, daughter of Arthur and Isabelle (Harris) "Waugh, of that 
city. Upon his return from an extended wedding trip through 
Europe, Mr. Lapeyre returned to his old home in New Orleans, 
where he began tlie practice of law, limiting his efforts almost ex- 
clusively to consulting and advisory work. Large demands upon 
his time are made by the administration and management of the 
varied property interests of several members of his immediate fam- 
ily and his own. Mr. Lapeyre has travelled extensively in almost 



2H LOUISIANA 

every country upon the globe, traveling constituting his one hobby. 
He has never aspired to elective or appointive office, or political 
honors of any description, having neither time nor inclination for 
these, but is always found ready and willing to give of both his 
time and means and lend his earnest personal cooperation in sup- 
port of measures for the public or common welfare. 

Lapeyre, James Martial, well-known New Orleans attorney, was 
born in New Orleans, La., Oct. 28, 1868, and is a son of Jean Mar- 
tial Lapeyre, concerning whom a biographical sketch appears else- 
where in this work, and which the reader should examine. James 
Martial Lapeyre, the son, subject of this sketch, graduated from 
Spring Hill college, Mobile, Ala., in 1886, following which he com- 
pleted a course in civil engineering at the Eensselaer polytechnic 
institute. For some time after having taken his engineering de- 
gree, Mr. Lapeyre was engaged in business as a contracting civil 
engineer, but after considerable practical experience in this line of 
endeavor he became convinced that such a pursuit could not satisfy 
his requirements as a profes.sion, and therefore the civil engineer 
became a student in the law school of Tulane university, from which 
institution he obtained his legal degree in 1901. Shortly thereafter 
he established himself in offices at New Orleans, where he has since 
devoted his abilities to the practice of his profession. In 1893 Mr. 
Lapeyre was married to Miss Louise Minor, a daughter of Frank 
0. ]\Iinor, of New Orleans. Mr. Lapeyre is a member, respectively, 
of the Boston club, the new Century club, and the Chess, Checkers 
and Whist club of New Orleans. 

Lapeyre, Jean Martial, New Orleans, La., was prominently iden- 
tified with Southern finances for many years. He was born at As- 
cain, in the southern part of France, July 5, 1801, and died at Pau, 
France, Aug. 30, 1871. Mr. Lapeyre came of one of the oldest and 
most prominent of French families, and was afforded every possible 
educational advantage. As a result of this, coupled with his natural 
tastes and studious habits, he was a man of great scholarly attain- 
ments, particularly in the field of the linguist, for which he mani- 
fested the greatest liking. He spoke several languages with the 
utmost fluency and grace, and so marked was his inclination in this 
direction that he early became a teacher of languages and it was 
though for a time the young man intended to devote his life to this 
branch of learning. However, through some reason not definitely 
known, perhaps an inclination for foreign travel and investigation, 
he turned away from what had previously appeared as his life- 
profession, and Ijecame private secretary to an English nobleman. 
For some years following this change, he resided chiefly in England, 
but later made a tour of the West Indies, in which a considerable 
time was spent. Wlien his investigation of the islands had been 
completed, he came to America and finally, in the year 1835, located 
at New Orleans. From the first it was evident that the new country 
appealed powerfully to his ideals and had taken strong hold upon 
his fancy. Shortly following his location at the soutlicrn metrop- 
olis, he engaged in business as a broker in stocks and lionds, and 
at once met with flattering success, that brought him into prom- 
inence in financial and business circles and caused many to seek 



BIOGRAPHICAL 245 

his advice and association. He became one of the founders of the 
private banking house of Pike, Lapeyre & Brother, which after- 
ward played so prominent a part in the financial history of the 
South. He was long connected with this institution, which pros- 
pered, expanded, and grew in importance and influence throughout 
the history of his association with it. He became president of the 
Louisiana State bank in 1855, and occupied that position until 1866, 
when his connection with Pike, Lapeyre & Bro. demanding his un- 
divided time and attention, he resigned. In accepting his resigna- 
tion, the bank's board of directors, wishing to testify to his past 
valuable services to the bank, tendered him a directorship in the 
institution for as long as he cared to retain it. For a time he was 
also interested in the Pontchartrain R. R., being one of the pro- 
moters of that pioneer enterprise, and served as president of the 
company, which, like other business organizations with which his 
name became associated, was successful throughout the period of 
his administration. His genius for finance, and for the mastery of 
details of management was unusuaj. in that time, and from a small 
beginning he rapidly progressed to a position of commanding emi- 
nence in the financial and industrial afifairs of the South, through- 
out which he became known as an able and sagacious financier and 
a man of the strictest ideals of integrity and personal honor. He 
manifested the utmost punctiliousness in keeping all engagements 
and meeting all appointments, even though these at times might 
appear trivial to others, and required that his subordinates should 
have a corresponding regard for their time and that of others, as 
well as a due sense of appreciation of their obligations. Interwoven 
with these sterling attributes of character that brought him well- 
merited success and honor, was a rare spirit of human kindliness 
and toleration for the shortcomings of others and a hand whose 
benevolences extended to all in need. During the long term of his 
residence at New Orleans, he not only accomplished many things 
that to others were difficult, but made the way easier for others to 
follow, while always being in the foremost rank of any movement 
for the relief of distress or the advancement of any worthy or char- 
itable cause. While enthusiastic in the support of those he deemed 
worthy, he never sought public office or political lionors, which 
doubtless could have been his, merely by their acceptance. His 
conscientious regard for the varied interests having claim upon 
him at length undermined what was formerly a robust constitution, 
and as his health began to fail, physicians advised that he retire 
from business. P^inally yielding to this admonition, he severed all 
business relations and returned to his native land in search of 
proper treatment, but the tax upon his vitality had been too great 
and long-continued, and his physical infirmities rapidly increased, 
resulting in his death shortly following his retirement from busi- 
ness. ]\rr. Lapeyre 's social and home-loving qiialities were largely 
developed. He had a host of the most loyal of friends, and his 
happiest hours were those passed in the circle of his own fireside, 
where he was revered and loved as the sympathetic and dependable 
head of a family remarkable for its fealty to ideals of the most un- 
selfish devotion. Mr. Lapeyre was married to Miss Angeline Aveg- 



246 LOUISIANA 

no, a daughter of one of the oldest and most prominent families in 
the city of New Orleans, where their wedding took place, the par- 
ents being Philippe Avegno and Catherine Genois. Mrs. Lapeyre was 
born in the city in which her marriage was solemnized. She sur- 
vived her husband several years, her death occurring in the year 
1884. Thirteen children were born to their union, of whom the 
following survive at this time : George F., elsewhere referred to 
in this work, which see ; James Martial, likewise mentioned at length 
in this volume; Corinne, widow of the late Charles W. Miltenber- 
ger ; Louise, who became the wife of the late F. J. Gasquet, died in 
November of the year 1913. 

Larose, J. Browne, M. D., was born in St. Gabriel, La., July 12, 
1886 ; son of James 0. and Adele (Dupuy) Larose, the father hav- 
ing been born in New Orleans, where he died aged 72 years, in 1907. 
The mother was born in St. Gabriel, La., and is living in New Or- 
leans at this time. Her father, Joseph Gideon Dupuy, was also born 
in St. Gabriel, in 1785, where he continued to reside throughout his 
life. He was a sugar planter, a large slave owner and a veteran of 
the war of 1812. His father, great-great-grandfather of the sub- 
ject of this sketch, was a French-Canadian, and came with a colony 
from Canada to Louisiana in the early part of the 19th century. 
Her mother, Telcide Babin, was born in St. Gabriel in 1807, and 
died there in 1898. The paternal grandfather, Jacques Larose Mi- 
mard, was born in Rouen, France, in 1793, and came to America 
while a young man. Immediately following his arrival in this coun- 
try, he located in New Orleans, and resided in that city until his 
death in 1846. He married Marie Louise Giraud, who was born 
in Plaquemines parish. La., in 1805, and died in New Orleans in 
1871. He owned and operated a line of vessels plying between New 
Orleans and Vera Cruz, then being chiefly employed in the trans- 
portation of fruit. James 0. Larose was a merchant of New Or- 
leans, and had retired from business some time previous to his 
death. He served 2 years in the Confederate army, as did four of 
his brothers, and his wife's only brother, who lost his life in the 
service of the Confederacy. He was a volunteer in the 8th regiment 
of the Louisiana reserves. Company B, under his brother, Capt. 
Augustin Larose. In the latter part of his service, he was a recruit- 
ing sergeant and conveyed recruits to the army at Gordonville, Va. 
He was honorably discharged on account of illness. Dr. Larose has 
3 living brothers and 1 sister. The sister is married to John A. Wag- 
ner, a merchant of New Orleans, and is the mother of 4 children. 
Louis G. Larose, the eldest brother, married Ludivine Badeaux. 
Alfred A. Larose married Noelie Larguier and has 3 children. J. 
Henry Larose married Margaret Macheca, and has 3 children. The 
brothers are engaged in commercial puruits. J. Browne Larose 
was educated at the College of the Immaculate Conception, from 
which lie graduated with the degree of A. B. in 1906. He then en- 
tered tlie medical department of Tulane university, and graduated 
in 1911 with the degree of M. D., having in the meantime served 
2 years as interne in the New Orleans charity hospital, to which 
he was appointed through competitive examination. Following his 
graduation, he was appointed resident house physician at the Hotel 



BIOGRAPHICAL 247 

Dieu hospital, serving in that connection about 1 year ; since that 
time, he has been engaged in general practice in the city. At this 
time. Dr. Larose is a specialist in the treatment of diseases of the 
eye, 'and is associated with Dr. Theodore J. Dimitry, M. D. It 
should be stated here, too, that young Larose was honored with the 
position of valedictorian of his class at the time of his graduation 
from the College of the Immaculate Conception, and that while at 
Tulane university, he occupied the post of student demonstrator in 
histology and anatomy. Dr. Larose is now visiting surgeon at the 
New Orleans charity hospital. He is a member of the Orleans par- 
ish, Louisiana State, and Americal Medical associations; also, Phi 
Beta Pi Medical fraternity. He affiliates with the Roman Catholic 
church. Dr. Larose 's offices occupy 729 Maison Blanche building. 
New Orleans. 

Lawrason, Samuel McCutchon, successful lawyer, jurist, and fi- 
nancier, of St. Francisville, West Feliciana parish. La., was born in 
the city of New Orleans, July 31, 1852 ; son of George C. and Zeha 
(McCutchon) Lawrason. The father was a native of the State 
of Virginia, born at Alexandria, that state, and when a young man 
of fair education, came to New Orleans, where he became a suc- 
cessful merchant, broker, and prominent citizen. During Pres. Fil- 
more's administration he served as collector of the port of New 
Orleans. He was of Englisli and Irish lineage, and came of an old 
and highly-esteemed Virginia family. He married, in Louisiana, 
Miss Zelia McCutchon, and 2 sons were born to their union, the 
eldest of these being the subject of this sketch, and the younger 
being Dr. George B. Lawrason, of Shreveport, La. The mother was 
of Scotch-Irish descent. Just prior to the coming-on of the Civil 
war, the father and mother, with their 2 sons, went to Europe, but 
when the war began, the father returned to New Orleans, leaving 
the wife and sons in Europe. At New Orleans, during the war, he 
was a member of the committee of pulilic safety, and wlien the 
city fell into the hands of Gen. Butler, the father was made a pris- 
oner of war by Butler and held as such during more than a year, 
being confined at Ship Island and Fort Pickens. He died at New 
Orleans, in 1874, at the age of 57 years. He was a modest and re- 
tiring man, unostentatious, plain and unassuming, and rarely talked 
of himself, possessing none of the attributes of an "ego." It was 
in 1858 that he went with his family to Europe, returning plone at 
the beginning of hostilities. The wife and sons spent 6 years in 
France, and 1 year in Spain, and during their sojourn in the latter 
country the wife died, and was buried at Barcelona, Spain, her 
death occurring in 1865, when the subject of this sketch was about 
13 years of age. He had been given splendid educatioual advan- 
tages in both France and Spain, but to brush up in English, he went 
to the Isle of Jersey, and afterward returned to his native land late 
in the year of 1865. After the return to America the young man 
matriciilated at Virginia Military institute, Lexington, Va., from 
which he graduated, in 1872, receiving the degree of C. E. In 1874 
he graduated in law from the old Louisiana university (now Tulane 
university of Louisiana), and at once entered upon the practice 
of law at the city of New Orleans. In March of 1875 he married 



248 LOUISIANA 

Miss Harriet Matthews, of West Feliciana parish, La., and at that 
time located at St. Franeisville, where he has since resided. Mrs. 
Lawrason is a granddaughter of the distinguish jurist, George 
Matthews, who was the first presiding justice of the Louisiana su- 
preme court. Eight children have lieen born to Judge and j\Irs. 
Lawrason, and they have 7 grand children. Under the old system 
of parish judges. Judge Lawrason was twice elected judge of the 
court of West Feliciana parish, and was incumbent of this position 
when the office was abolished by state constitution of 1879. Judge 
Lawrason 's professional career has brought him into a position of 
eminent success and prominence as a lawyer. He has been con- 
nected with much of the important litigation in his own and ad- 
joining parishes, and before the Louisiana supreme court. He is an 
active member of both the Louisiana State Bar and the American 
Bar associations. He is affiliated with the Democratic party, and 
since first beginning to exercise the right of the elective franchise 
has been a potent force in upholding the principles for which his 
party contends. In 1894 he was elected a member of the Louisiana 
state senate, and discharged the duties of the office with conspic- 
uous ability and credit to his constituents. He was a member, and 
served as vice-president, of the Louisiana State Constitutional con- 
vention of 1898, and in this capacity, as in all other commissions 
entrusted to him, acquitted himself with distinguished honor. To 
the cause of education he has rendered invaluable service. For 10 
years or more he was a member of the parish school board, and for 
6 years was a member of the state board of education, representing 
the sixth district. Aside from these commissions, however, he has 
rendered his greatest service to education as a member of the board 
of supervisors of Louisiana state imiversity, on which board he has 
served continually for more than 25 years, throughout which un- 
usual period of service he has at all times sought the best interests 
of the institution and of the people who support and patronize it. 
He lias been largely instrumental in securing legislative appropria- 
tions that have from time to time made possible the greater effi- 
ciency of the university. Judge Lawrason is a financier, too, of 
extended experience and ability. Upon the organization of the 
Bank of West Feliciana, in 1895, he was made president, and in 
1904 was chosen president of the Louisiana State Bankers' associa- 
tion. Judge Lawrason is a man of modest and retiring manner, and 
bears the reputation, among the people with whom he fcomes in 
daily contact, of being a man of unquestioned integrity and the 
highest ideals of personal honor. He is deservingly a popular and 
esteemed citizen. 

Lea, Allen C, postmaster of Shreveport, La., is one of the best- 
known men in business, political and social life in the northern sec- 
tion of the state. Born Aug. 8, 1876, in McNairy county, Tenn., and 
reared in his native locality, he received a primary and grammar 
school education at home ; then entered the southern Tennessee nor- 
mal school, from which he graduated in 1895. Continuing his stud- 
ies, Mr. Lea matriculated in the law department of Cmuherland uni- 
vesity, at Lebanon, Tenn., and in 1897 was awarded his diploma. 
The same year of his graduation as a lawyer was marked by Ids 



BIOGRAPHICAL 249 

election, at the age of 21, as the mayor of Selmer, Tenn., a public 
trust which he ably filled during 2 years. In 1899 Mr. Lea was ap- 
pointed postmaster of Selmer, serving in that official capacity to 
the year 1902, when he was appointed office deputy United States 
marshal, and to fill this position, he removed to Memphis, Tenn. 
The following year he came to Shreveport, La., as chief deputy. 
United States marshal, which position he held about 6 years, and in 
1910 he was appointed United States marshal for the western dis- 
trict of Louisiana, which position he resigned in Dec, 1910, to ac- 
cept the place of postmaster of Shreveport. Mr. Lea is a member of 
the Shreveport Chamber of Commerce, of the Genevieve Orphanage 
board, and member of the Shreveport golf and country club. 

Le Beau, Vic, ^iresident, director and manager of the De Soto 
hotel, was born in New Orleans, Feb. 21, 1861, a descendant of a 
prominent French family of that city. He was reared and edu- 
cated at home, but at the completion of his college course, Mr. Le 
Beau supplemented it with several years of extensive travel, visiting 
many of the larger cities of the country. In a business way, he is 
connected with several large enterprises in New Orleans, among 
which are some of the leading hotels and restaurants of the city. 
He is at this time vice-president of the Dixie Brewing Co., which 
he helped to launch into business life, at one time acting as its 
president, and is one of the largest stockholders in the concern. 
He was also president of the Cosmopolitan Hotel Co., for more than 
•two years. The splendid Hotel De Soto, of which Mr. Le Beau 
is now president and manager, was erected in 1907, and is one of 
the most modern and up-to-date hostelries of its kind in the South. 
He is the organizer of the Young Men's Gymnastic club, in which 
he takes a lively interest, and of which he is now vice-president.- 
He is also a charter member of the Benevolent and Protective Order 
of Elks, -of New Orleans. Mr. Le Beau is a representative citizen, 
taking a deep interest in the welfare of his community, and is 
greatly esteemed for his excellent business qualifications, executive 
ability, and his courteous and genial nature. 

Ledbetter, Benjamin Alfred, M. D., one of the prominent physi- 
cians of New Orleans, was born in Claiborne parish. La., Sept. 15, 
1868, and is the son of Benjamin Thomas and Mary (Vanderhurst) 
Ledbetter. The father, a prominent citizen of Claiborne parish, 
was born in 1833, at Rome, Ga., and with his father, the grandfather 
of Benjamin Alfred, moved to Scott county, IMiss., while yet a boy. 
He was educated at the University of Virginia, from which he grad- 
uated with the degree of A. B. He served during the 4 years of 
the Civil war, enlisting at the outbreak in 1861 under Gen. Forest, 
and became in succession lieutenant and captain. After the war he 
was one of the pioneers of Claiborne parish. He built the public 
school at Summerfield, which is yet standing; he also erected the 
Baptist church there. Although active in local and state politics, 
he refused public office until after Cleveland's election, when he was 
appointed United States surveyor general, the second in importance 
in the government service, and for which he was notably qualified. 
He had served only a few months, however, when he died in New 
Orleans, in 1887. 'Although on many occasions asked to run for 



250 LOUISIANA 

Congress, he had invariably refused, declining in favor of his 
friends. He was a warm friend of Sen. Randall Lee Gibson. In 
addition to being a pioneer in the field of education in his com- 
munity, he served as general superintendent of schools for his 
parish. He not only built schools out of his personal funds, but lie 
even paid the teachers out of his own pocket. His wife, who is still 
living at Homer, La., is a native of Scott county, Miss., born in 1834. 
The issue of this union was 8 children, namely : Mrs. Emma Talbot 
of Bernice, La. ; W. M., one of the pioneer planters of North Louisi- 
ana ; Sirs. Alma Kerlin, of Homer, La. ; Mrs. Rhoda Knighton, of 
Homer, La. ; Benjamin A., Mrs. Theresa Martin, of Homer, La. ; 
Douglas S., of Goldendale, Wash. ; and Black, partner of Douglas 
S. Benjamin A. Ledbetter was educated in the schools of North 
Louisiana, in Keatchie, in De Soto parish, and Tulane university, 
graduating from the latter named school with the degree of M. D., 
in 1891. He was employed, previous to his graduation, as draughts- 
man in the office of the United States surveyor general, holding this 
position for 8 years, under both democratic and republican admin- 
istrations. Like his father, he has always been a democrat. After 
graduation, he immediately took up the practice of medicine at New 
Orleans, where he has been located ever since. His marriage to 
Amie Seawell, of New Orleans, the daughter of B. W. and Victoria 
(Isaacson) Seawell, was celebrated Oct. 29, 1897. Mrs. Ledbetter 
was well-known as a talented vocalist, and is a woman of rare ac- 
complishments and agreeable personality. Five children were born 
to them: Karl, Gretchen, Ben and Walter (twins), and Victor. B. 
W. Seawell was the confidential and general manager of the E. J. 
Hart & Co. wholesale drug house. Mrs. Seawell's brother, Harry, 
has been captain of Rex, and held an important position in the local 
sub-treasury. Alfred Isaacson, another of Mrs. Seawell's brothers, 
held the position of comptroller of New Orleans under the commis- 
sion government first adopted many years ago. Dr. Ledbetter has 
been a member of the Orleans parish medical society since his grad- 
uation at Tulane and has been its president twice. This society, 
during his membership, erected, a new $30,000 home. In 1912 he 
was president of the Louisiana State Medical society, of wliich also 
he has been a member since graduation, and he also belongs to the 
American and Southern medical associations. Gov. Sanders ap- 
pointed him a member of the Louisiana state board of health, a po- 
sition he now holds under Gov. Hall. 

Legendre, Joseph Amilcar, well-known New Orleans pharmacist 
and proprietor of one of that city's popular drug hoiises, is a son 
of Joseph and Celestine (Riviere) Legendre, and was born Feb. 18, 
1866, at the town of Thibodaux, Lafourche parish. La., where his 
father, who was also born in that locality, was in mercantile busi- 
ness until the time of his death, in 1879. The father was born in 
1828. The mother was born in the same locality as were the hus- 
band and son, in the year 1830. The marriage of the parents took 
place in 1849. Of children born to their union, eight lived to ma- 
turity, viz. : Octave, now deceased ; Josephine, widow of E. N. 
Braud ; Emile J., now living at Thibodaux ; Oscar J., deceased ; 
Louisiana, now Mrs. P. L. Brand; Phillip F., living at Thibodaux; 



BIOGRAPHICAL 251 

Joseph A., the subject of this sketch ; Veronica, now Mrs. Gomez, 
of New Orleans. Joseph A. Legendre attended school at Thibodaux 
college, and after the completion of his academic education, matric- 
ulated in the pharmacy department of Tulane university, from 
which, in due time, he graduated with the degree of master of phar- 
macy. When his professional education had been completed, he 
entered the service of W. T. Cluverius, on Canal street, and re- 
mained in that position until July 1, 1889, when he purchased a drug 
business at the corner of Dauphine and what is now Iberville street. 
In 1895 he bought a second drug store, at the corner of Dauphine 
street and Lafayette avenue, but in 1902 sold this latter store and 
purchased that "of Alexander Finley, located at 124 Baronne street. 
In 1908 he moved the first store to the corner of Carrollton avenue 
and Jeanette street, and finally sold this store in Dec., 1912 leaving 
him, since that date, with the one store, at 124 Baronne street. Mr. 
Legendre is a member of the New Orleans Association of Commerce, 
the American Pharmaceutical, Louisiana State Pharmaceutical and 
the Orleans Pharmaceutical associations ; also of the Chess, Check- 
ers and Whist club, the Knights of Columbus, some carnival organ- 
izations, and other fraternal association. Nov. 25, 1895, Mr. Le- 
gendre was married to Miss Louise Marie LeGendre, a daughter 
of Pierre H. LeGendre, of New Orleans. One son, Marion Joseph 
Legendre, has been born to them. 

Leonhardt, Alexander F., merchant and postmaster at New Or- 
leans, was born in St. Louis, Mo., Dec. 3, 1860, of German parentage. 
His father, Ernest W. Leonhardt, came to this country from Ger- 
many in 1834, and died in St. Louis in 1896, at the age of 75 years. 
He was a mere boy when he came to America. In St. Louis he fol- 
lowed, for more than 60 years, the business of a tlour miller, be- 
coming a prominent miller of St. Louis. His wife, and the mother 
of the sub.iect of this personal sketch, bore the maiden naine of 
Frederica Odendahl, and was born in Germany. In St. Louis Mr. 
Leonhardt was reared, and in the parochial and public schools of 
that city received his education. He was a high school student in 
1878, when he left St. Louis and came to New Orleans to accept a 
clerical position witli the flour and grain commission firm of Glover 
& Odendahl, which firm was succeeded by Glover & Son. Mr. Leon- 
hardt remained with this firm nearly 25 years, and then, 1902, em- 
barked in the grain and hay business on his own account. In the 
business he has continued, the present firm name being A. P. Leon- 
hardt & Co. Mr. Leonhardt 's business career has been marked with 
success, and for years he has held a prominent place among leading 
business men of" New Orleans. For several years, Mr. Leonhardt 
served as a director of the New Orleans Board of Trade ; was sev- 
eral times vice-president of the board and once president, declining 
a re-election to the presidency, because of his appointment as post- 
master of New Orleans, which appointment he did receive July 31, 
1911. He assumed his duties as postmaster Oct. 2, 1911, and his 
administration of the office has been distinguished for fairness and 
efficiency. Mr. Leonhardt has been twice married. In 1884, Miss 
Mary Maguire became his first wife. She died, leaving him 3 ehil- 



252 LOUISIANA 

dren, and in 1909 he married Mrs. Marion Hill Dodge of Baltimore, 
IMd. Residence, 3405 St. Oharles avenue, New Orleans. 

Leucht, I. L., well-known Rabbi of New Orleans, was born at 
Darmstadt, capital of the Grand Duchy of Hesse, Germany, Jan. 
25, 1844, son of Nehemiah H. and Johanna (Rosenbaum) Leucht, 
the latter of whom was born at Zell, near Wiirzburg, Germany. 
The mother was a daughter of the noted Rabbi, Mendel Rosenbaum, 
to whose great energy and untiring efforts in behalf of his people 
is ascribed the emancipation of the Jews in Bavaria. When he had 
his firi5t interview with King Ludwig I, to whom he represented 
that on account of the harshness of the laws in their bearing upon 
the Jewish people hundreds and thousands of them were immigrat- 
ing to the L^nited States, the king made the historic reply: "I am 
not Pharoah, to run after them to the sea." However, the Rabbi 
lived long enough to witness the complete emancipation of his breth- 
ren in Bavaria. I. L. Leucht received his early education in the 
schools of his native city, and upon the completion of his academic 
studies, entered the Rabbinical school at Wiirzburg, where he com- 
pleted the 4-year course of preparation for his life work. In 1864 
he came to the United States and shortly thereafter was installed 
as assistant to Rabbi Hochheimer of the Eden Street synagogue, 
Baltimore, Md. July 2, 1868, he came to New Orleans, as assistant 
to Rabbi James K. Gutheim, whose successor he became 6 months 
later. In 1882 his congregation in Rampart street joined the Por- 
tuguese synagogue, called the "Dispersed of Judah," and Rabbi 
Leucht was appointed to minister to the united congregation wor- 
shipping at Touro synagogue, in Carondelet street, which had been 
founded by the noted philanthropist, Judah Toui'o. Ten years later 
Rabbi Leucht was largely instrumental in building the splendid 
edifice in which the congregation of Touro synagogue is now housed 
at St. Charles and Berlin streets, and where he continued to preside 
as Rabbi. Politically, he was independent, lending his inflixence and 
activities to the support of the progressive and reform faction in 
any movement for the betterment of conditions. In the course of 
his labors in Louisiana, Rabbi Leucht filled several important and 
responsible public positions, having been a member of the state 
school board through 2 terms, president of the prisons and asylums 
commission several years, and president of the Red Cross associa- 
tion. Throughout the term of his residence in New Orleans, em- 
bracing a period of about 45 years, he was always found ready to 
give aid, encouragement, and hearty cooperation in all charitable 
undertakings and to every commendable enterprise, and through his 
beneficent work in this direction, as much as by reason of his pro- 
fessional abilities, he grew into prominent recognition and esteem 
among the people with whom his lot was cast. He was president 
of the Kingsley House organization, first vice-president, respec- 
tively, of Touro infirmary and the Jewish orphans' home, and of- 
ficially connected with many other of the city's most useful and 
active organizations. April 20, 1869, Rabbi Leucht was married 
to Miss i\Iathilde Kahn, whose parents formerly resided at Paris, 
France. To them were born three children, namely : Mrs. Melvil 
Israel, Mrs. Charles Rosen, and Emile Leucht. 



BIOGRAPHICAL 253 

Note. — Since the above was written, Rabbi Leucht lias passed on 
to his eternal reward. His death caused real sorrow in very many 
homes of his adopted city, where he was universally mourned by all 
classes of citizens. 

Leverich, Watts Kearny, practicing attorney. New Orleans, was 
born at the city of New Orleans, La., Oct. 13, 1880 ; son of Henry 
and JIargaret Priestley (Richardson) Leverich, both of whom were 
born at New Orleans. The paternal grandparents were William 
Edward, a native of Long Island, and Fanny Hampton (Inskeep) 
Leverich, a native of New York. The paternal grandfather was 
accompanied by a brother when he came south. They located at 
New Orleans about 1830 (in the early days) and continued to reside 
there, where they became business men of varied interests. They 
came of an old American family, the progenitor of which was a min- 
ister who landed at Salem in 1633. The Rev. William Leverich was 
a coteraporary of Roger Williams and devoted his efforts largely 
to missionary work among the American Indians. The paternal 
grandfather,"joseph Priestley, (the celebrated scientist and discov- 
erer of oxygen) was of English ancestry, but was persecuted and 
driven from England, and settled in Pennsylvania and became a 
Avarm personal friend of Benjamin Franklin. Henry Leverich, 
father of the subject of this sketch, was long connected with the 
dry goods business in New Orleans. He was first associated with 
W. H. Letchford & Co., which firm was later succeeded by A. Leh- 
man & Co., Mr. Leverich thereafter becoming superintendent of 
the Bradstreet offices at New Orleans. He died in 1895, at the age 
of 47 years. His wife survives at this time. Five sons and 2 daugh- 
ters were born to their union. Watts Kearny Leverich, the 4th son, 
was reared and educated in New Orleans, where he attended the 
public schools. Later he entered Prof, L. C. Ferrell's select school 
for boys, where he was prepared for college. Following this, he 
entered the academic department of Tulane university, from which 
he graduated with the degree of A. B., iu the class of 1901. During 
the succeeding 5 years he filled the position of a teacher in Prof. 
Ferrell's select school for boys, after which he returned to Tulane 
university and graduated from the law school of that institution 
with the degree of LL. B. in the class of 1907. Since the latter date 
Attorney Leverich has been engaged in the practice of his profes- 
sion at the city of New Orleans, and, like most men whose rec- 
ords show that they earned the money with which to pay their way 
through college, is surely building up a substantial and dependable 
legal clientele, whose circle widens as the years go by, being based 
upon a reputation for fealty and loyalty to the interests of those 
represented and an abiding sense of uncompromising integrity. Mr. 
Leverich is a member of the Vestry of Christ Episcopal Cathedral. 
Lewis, John C, ex-mayor, Franklin, St. Mary parish. La., was 
born at Harrisonburg, Catahoula parish, La., Nov. 29, 1861; the 
only child; son of John C. and Eliza E. (Mayo) Lewis, the father's 
life coming to a tragic end when the son was only 1 year old. and 
the bereaved mother dying 1 year later. In regard to the father, 
the following article, written by Hon. Thomas H. Lewis of Ope- 
lousas, was addressed to Dr. T. F. Frere concerning the life of John 



254 LOUISIANA 

C. Lewis, Sr., whose son is an ex-mayor and a beloved citizen of 
Franklin. It needs no introduction ; the contents are self-explan- 
atory concerning the life of a great man who gave all in the serv- 
ice of his country. It may also be said, too, that the son is a wor- 
thy descendant of a noble sire, and inherits many of the sterling 
qualities of his illustrious father. ' ' Opelousas, La., Feb. 17, 1913. 
Dr. T. F. Frere, Franklin, La. My Dear Cousin : I enclose here- 
with copies of a sketch which I wrote during the war concerning 
the personality of my coiisin and foster-brother, John C. Lewis, the 
father of your John C. Lewis. He was killed in the latter part of 
the year 1862, in a skirmish with the Federal troops, as narrated in 
the sketch. He left the town of Harrisonburg, in Catahoula parish, 
at the beginning of the war, for the army, being at that time asso- 
ciated with me in the practice of law. A short time before leaving 
Harrisonburg for the front, he married a Miss Eliza Mayo, Avhose 
father had been judge of the district, and who was a member of the 
most prominent family residing in that section. He never saw his 
wife after leaving for the army. His son being born thereafter, 
father and son never met. The child, at its birth, was given a dif- 
ferent name, but after his father's death his name was changed to 
that of his father. Though I had several brothers, John and I 
were closer to each other than was I and any of my own brothers. 
We slept together from childhood, and were inseparable compan- 
ions up to manhood. "When I settled in the parish of Catahoula to 
practice law at Harrisonburg, he followed me and became associ- 
ated with me, because of the strong bonds of affection between us. 
I think he was as tine a specimen of physical manhood as I ever 
saw. Over six feet in height, erect, of commanding bearing, with 
a noble head and strong features, he attracted attention wherever 
he went. During the brief period that he practiced his profession 
he evinced such ability that it was predicted by his brother mem- 
bers of the bar that he wonld attain great prominence in his chosen 
profession. He was high-spirited and fearless, and warmly espoused 
tlie cause of the South. Among the thousands of valuable lives 
which the South offered up in vindication of what our people be- 
lieved to be a just cause, there was no nobler sacrifice offered upon 
the altar of our country than the life which .John C. Lewis freely 
gave in her defense. His surviving son has just cause to cherish 
the memory of his noble father. Very sincerely yours, Thomas H. 
Lewis, Sr." From the sketches to which this letter refers, the fol- 
lowing brief extracts are made: "Alexandria, La., 1862 Killed 
in battle near Denmark, Tenn., on tlie 1st of Sept., 1862, John C. 
Lewis, aged 27 years and 11 months. Tlie subject of this brief 
notice met his death in the guise in which he had often been heard 
to say that he most coveted — there was no mangling of limbs, no 
lingering bed of suffering; the missile of death went straight to 
the seat of vitality, and the instant he was struck his spirit fled to 
his maker. Let us make as fitting a tribute as we may to the dead, 
for his manly form, his strong arm, and his courageous heart, he 
voluntarily held up as a barrier between us and the merciless in- 
vader, and now, alas, he lies moldering in the grave — the grave of 
the soldier, the patriot, and the hero. * * * jje sought the front 



BIOGRAPHICAL 255 

of the battle, and there he fell, within reach of the enemy, his horse 
in full career and his sword uplifted to strike down the foe. Let 
us respect his memory ; let us cherish the name and deeds of the 
brave man, the devoted patriot who fell prematurely, striking to 
hurl back the tide of invasion that has marked its progress with so 
much of blood and suffering. With this noble purpose he faced 
the danger and exposure of warfare uncomplainingly, and when 
the time came he offered up his life courageously, unflinchingly. 
Among his fellow men he was full of the impulses of generosity, 
fidelity and truth, and to his relatives and friends he was bound 
as with hooks of steel." The following extracts are taken from a 
letter written by a comrade of the deceased, and afford an eloquent 
and truthful tribute to his memory: "I saw on yesterday, B., 1 
of the 6 men of the Tensas cavalry who were at first reported to 
have been killed in the late battle near Denmark, Tenn. Imstead of 
being killed, B. was captured by the enemy. He was with Dr. 
Lithman, our surgon, burying the dead on the 2nd of September, 
the day after the fight. They found 4 of the Tensas cavalry dead 
on the field. They were buried and their graves marked. They 
were Lieut. Montgomery and privates Lewis, Briscoe, and Swayze. 
Private John C. Lewis "had been struck by a grapeshot above the 
right eye. His horse was killed at the same instant, so that horse 
and rider fell dead together. In communicating to you this melan- 
choly fact, I cannot let the occasion pass without- speaking of Mr. 
Lewis, who was a cavalier without fear or reproach. Every man 
who has ever been in the Tensas cavalry can testify that his deport- 
ment on all occasions was that of the high-toned gentleman, the 
devoted patriot, and the intrepid soldier. * * * On one occasion 
I have in mind the enemy came upon us unawares — surprised us 
completely, and were within thirty yards of us, opening fire, be- 
fore we were aware of their presence. The officers, seeing that it 
would be difficult, if not impossible, to form the men in line under 
fire, ordered a charge, but all remained immovable, no one stirring, 
until John C. Lewis, driving his spurs into his horse's flanks, and 
dashing off at the enemy, cried out 'Charge them, boys!' His gal- 
lantry had the happiest effect — it was contagious. The entire reg- 
iment charged with him, routed the foe and drove him back, with 
considerable loss to the main body of the Federal army. He was 
regarded by his whole company as one of the best soldiers in the 
Confederate army. He served for more than a year, and was never 
absent from duty but once, arid on that one occasion he was eon- 
fined with camp fever. During the period of his sei-vice he was a 
participant in twelve skirmishes and two battles, and had two 
horses killed under him, one at Corinth and one at Denmark. He 
fell within ten feet of the cannon's mouth, and the last words he 
was heard to utter were 'Charge them, boys!' The South had no 
braver soldier to die in her behalf. T. H. L." Following the death 
of his mother, the two-year-old son, John C. Lewis, Jr., was taken 
by an uncle, Spencer Mayo, to Vidalia. where he -remained until 
eight years old, when he was taken to Franklin to live with his 
grandmother, Mrs. Mary H. Anderson, formerly Mrs. Lewis, at her 
sugar plantation home near Franklin. This continued to be the 



256 LOUISIANA 

home of the boy throughout the years of his youth. He attended 
private schools at the town of Franklin, and later entered Louisi- 
ana State university, then under the presidency of Col. D. F. Boyd, 
where he remained until the senior year. Returning to Franklin 
in 1879, he was for a time overseer on the Anderson plantation. In 
1893 he became established in general insurance business at Frank- 
lin, and since that time has successfully conducted that business, 
under the tirm name of J. C. Lewis & Co., Miss Ella M. Johnson, a 
cousin, being tlie silent member of the firm. Mr. Lewis affiliated 
with the democratic party. In 1900 he was elected nmyor of the 
city of Franklin, and for 4 succeeding terms has been reelected 
without opposition, his incumbency of the office at this time extend- 
ing over a period of ten years. Mr. Lewis is unmarried. 

The Lewis Family. — There were many first settlers of the Lewis 
family in America, but it is said that they all originally came from 
the same Welsh stock, showing their descent from Howell, Lord of 
Nannan, Wales, wlio in turn descended from Cynfyn, who died in 
972, and was prince of Po\vys and king of Wales, whose ancestor 
was Howell Dha, king of all Wales, who married Isabel, daughter 
of Picot de Say, a Norman Baron. The southern Lewis family — 
the family from which sprang the Lewises of Virginia, is one of the 
largest American branches, and their genealogies begin with the 
first settlement in Virginia of the five distinct heads of the Lewis 
family: first, Robert Lewis, a native of Wales, who sailed from 
England in 1635, and settled in Gloucester county, Va. ; second, 
Jolm Lewis, of Henrico county, whose name first appears on the 
records of that county in 1660; third, John Lewis, who settled in 
Hanover county, Va., in 1675. fourth, Zachary Lewis, who came to 
Virginia in 1692 and obtained a grant of land in King and Queen 
county in 1694; fifth, John Lewis, born in Donegal county, Ireland, 
in 1678, a grandson of William Lewis, of Wales, married Margaret, 
the daughter of the Laird of Lynne, of Scotland, and with seven 
children born in Ireland, were the first white settlers in Augusta 
County, Va., in 1732. They had eight children who were as fol- 
lows : Samuel, Thomas, Andrew, Alice, William, Margaret, Anne, 
and Charles — all save Charles were born in Ireland. Samuel was 
a captain in the French and Indian war, and his brothers, Andrew, 
William, and Charles fought under him. Andrew served as a 
ma.ior in Washington's Virginia regiment prior to the Revolution, 
and was with him at Braddock's defeat in 1755. He was taken a 
prisoner at Fort Duquesne, and carried to Montreal. Later he was 
exchanged. He was witli the future head of the American nation 
at tlie surrender of Fort Necessity, and Commanded the Sandy 
Creek expedition in 1756. He was a member of the House of Bur- 
gesses for years, and a delegate to the Virginia convention in 1775, 
his statue occupying one of the pedestals surrounding the eques- 
trian statue of Washington, in Riclimond, Va. Charles Lewis was 
killed at the battle of Point Pleasant, W. Va., 1774. Joshua Lewis, 
grandson of pioneer John Lewis, known as the first settler of Au- 
gusta county, Va., was born in the Valley of Virginia in 1772. and 
married America Lawson in 1797, a daughter of Gen. Robert Law- 
son. Her mother was a daughter of Sir John Pierce. Gen. Law- 




Joshua Lewis, LL. D. 




IIa.mi'Den Lewis, JI. D. 



BIOGRAPHICAL 257 

son was with Gen. Greene in his memorable southern campaign, and 
commanded the Virginia contingent with Gen. Stephens. Later he 
was under the immediate command of Lafayette. His military ser- 
vice terminated at Yorktown. Pres. Thomas Jelferson, l)eeause of 
his personal acquaintance with the different branches of the Lewis 
family, sent Meriwether Lewis, born in 177-4, to the Northwest, and 
Joshua Lewis to New Orleans. This gentleman, a lawyer by pro- 
fession, and a graduate of Washington college, had first located 
at Richmond, Va., whence he had removed to Lexington, Ky., prac- 
ticing his profession. He was elected to the state legislature of 
Kentucky. Six children were born to them in Lexington, Ky., as 
follows: Sidonia Pierce, who married Peter Knight Wagner, a cel- 
ebrated journalist, personal friend and political advisor of Andrew 
Jackson ; John Lawson, sherit¥ of Orleans parish, La., mayor of the 
city of New Orleans, and major general of the state militia at the 
opening of the Civil war, colonel and brigadier general in the Con- 
federate army ; Theodore, major in the Mexican war of 1847, and 
served in the Confederate army ; Eliza Cornelia ; Louisa Maria, and 
Alfred Jefferson. When Louisiana was purchased in 1803, Joshua 
Lewis was sent to New Orleans by President Jefferson, together 
with Edward Livingston, and James Brown to receive the pur- 
chased territory from the French. In 1806 he was appointed judge 
of the superior court of the Territory of Orleans, and when the 
state was admitted into the Union, was made judge of the first judi- 
cial district, which position he retained, filling it with distinguished 
ability, until his death in 1833. He served under Andrew Jackson 
in the second war with Great Britain, and participated in the night 
attack on the British, Dec. 23, 1814, as the captain of an organized 
military company composed of Americans. His brother-in-law, 
Columbus Lawson, at the head of a troup of mounted men, was mor- 
tally wounded at the battle of New Orleans. So prominent a cit- 
izen was Judge Lewis that at the second election after the admis- 
sion of Louisiana to the Union, he was placed in the gubernatorial 
field against Jacques Villere, who owing to the intense rivalry be- 
tween the Creole and American elements defeated him, by a small 
majority. Upon his death in 1833, the members of the bar desired 
to erect a monument to his memory, but his children declined the 
honor, because their father had requested that he should rest in 
the same spot with his wife, who had preceded him to the grave 
some 3 years, and he was entombed with her in the cemetery just 
above Madisonville, on the west bank of the Tchefuncta river. The 
lake front of his country seat in St. Tammany was then sold in town 
lots, and named Lewisburg, in his honor. John Hampden Lewis, 
B. A., B. S., M. D., A. M., 4th son and 7th child of tlie union of 
Judge Joshua Lewis and America Lawson, was born in New Or- 
leans, Sept. 14, 1810. His twin brother was Algernon Sidney, father 
of the eminent physician and specialist. Earnest Sidney Lewis. 
John Hampden Lewis as a boy was a student, and received an edu- 
cation befitting the rank and intelligence of his ancestors, and 
matriculated in Yale college, where he distinguished himself by 
his strong mental power, and force of character. He was a leader 
in the famous Conic section revolt, which prevented him from re- 
III— 17 



258 LOUISIANA 

ceiving a degree. On the death of liis mother, in 1830, he left Yale 
college, and in obedience to the wishes of his father, decided to 
study medicine. Following a winter course at Cincinnati, he re- 
turned to New Orleans to prosecute his studies in the Charity hos- 
pital, and was appointed assistant surgeon. In 18.32 he went to 
Paris to complete his studies. After spending 18 months abroad, 
he returned to this city, and graduated in the first class from the 
Louisiana Medical college. In the meantime he was in charge of a 
private infirmary. He returned to Paris with the view of pros- 
ecuting the study of medicine as far as the science of the day would 
permit. He could not enter the Paris School of Medicine, however, 
without a diploma as bachelor of arts and sciences, so he entered 
the Sarbonne, received liis degrees, and then matriculated in the 
medical school, from which he graduated in 1839. He then en- 
tered into active practice in New Orleans, which was \iuinterrupted 
except by the Civil war, until he retired in 1889. As a physician 
he was honored, as a scholar he was admired, as a man he was 
esteemed and loved, not alone for his accomplishments and learn- 
ing, but for his nobility of character and his thorough manliness. 
During the Civil war, Dr. Lewis was surgeon of Col. Skymauski's 
La. regiment, which was detailed at the quarantine station near 
Fort St. Philip and Fort Jackson, on the ]\Iississippi river, and 
when Admiral Parragut captured these forts, he was made a pris- 
oner, but was shortly afterwards paroled. There are 4 children 
living from the marriage of Dr. John Hampden Lewis and his wife, 
Annie E. L. DeBritton, nee Von Yettendahl, a native of the island 
of St. Thomas, viz. : Sidney Francis Lewis, Wranie P. Lewis, who 
married Gabriel Villere, deceased, the grandson of Gov. Jaeciues Vil- 
lere ; America Lawson, who married Benjamin Joseph Simms, and 
Ernestine, who married Edgar Wliite. Sidney Francis Lewis, son 
of Dr. John Hampden Lewis, and grandson of Judge Joshua Lewis, 
is descended on his father's side from the Southern branch of the 
Lewis family, the early settlers in Virginia, all of whom originally 
came from the same Welsh stock. His mother was of Danish and 
English parentage. He was born in New Orleans, Jan. 28, 1854. 
He first attended school, at the opening of the Civil war, at Mrs. 
Vatinel's, a Frencli school .still in existence on South Esplanade 
avenue, near Chartres street. At the age of 10 he entered the 
'higher class of the public grammar school, on St. Philip street, 
and was graduated, at the age of 15, at the boy's high school in 1869, 
with distinction. At times, he had private instructors Edward 
Rapier, Dr. John I. Meylor, and Ulric Bettison, all prominent edu- 
cators. In the fall of 1870 he matriculated at the University of 
Virginia, one of the youngest students who ever entered the por- 
tals of this famous institution. He was taken desperately ill in 
June, 1874, after his final examination in astronomy, in the Nat- 
ural Science course. He was given up by 4 eminent physicians of 
the university, and Charlottesville. On the second day of his ill- 
ness his father was telegraphed that his son could not possibly live, 
whereupon his father immediately left for Charlottesville, and 
after 3 months of ceaseless nursing and care, his father saved his 
life, but he was a living skeleton on crutches for many months 




Sidney F. Lewis 



BIOGRAPHICAL 259 

afterward. The faculty of the university voted him the permission 
to return and take the last of his examinations when his health 
would permit. lie returned in ilay, 1875, and passed the final 
examination on applied chemistry, under Dr. J. W. jMallet, and 
received his titled degree, dated in his honor June, 1874, having 
received diplomas in all the branches of the prescribed course of 
Science and Engineering, as well as certificates of distinction in 
Latin, Greek, German, and French. Returning to New Orleans 
during the final troubles of the Reconstruction period, he prac- 
ticed his chosen profession under difficulties. In 1877, when the 
Democratic party overthrew the "Carpet-Bag" government, and 
Gen. Francis T. Nichols became governor of the state, he was em- 
ployed as draftsman and assistant engineer in the state' engineer- 
ing department. He was appointed assistant state engineer in 
1880, by Gov. L. A. Wiltz. From 1880 to 1908 he was a member 
of the board of state engineers, and in the fall of 1908, he \yas 
elected chief engineer of the Orleans levee board, which position 
lie now holds. In 1877 he joined the state militia as a private in 
Battery C, La. field artillery, and rose to the captaincy of Battery 
A, of the same regiment, and was then transferred to the staff of 
Gov. S. D. McEnery, and served as colonel of engineers to 1888. 
He became a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers 
in 1881. The first president of the Louisiana Engineering society, 
in 1898. President of the Alumni society of the Boys' high school, 
for the years 1900 and 1901. Member of the Knights of Honor 
since 1881. New Orleans Lodge, No. 30, Benevolent and Protec- 
tive Order of Elks since 1910 ; member of Camp Beauregard Sons 
of Confederate Veterans; member of St. Vincent DePaul Society 
of St. Louis Cathedral; President of the Holy Name society of the 
St. Louis Cathedral; member of the Young Men's Gymnastic club; 
member of carnival organizations. In 1880 he married Clara Davis, 
who died in 1889, leaving 4 children, 2 boys and 2 girls, as follows : 
Sidney Francis Lewis, Jr., who married Alice Villere, who have 
5 children; Lillian, professor at Sophie Newcomb high school; 
John Hampden, U. S. assistant engineer; Clara Rose, married Al- 
fred F. Landry. In 1892 he married Evelina Nicaud, by whom he 
has 5 children'living, viz. : Evelyn Marie, Edna Lee, Mildred Fran- 
ces, Enid Frances, and Thelma Frances. He has traveled exten- 
sively throughout the United States, visiting the principal cities 
on the Atlantic ocean, the interior, and those on the Pacific ocean ; 
through the south of Canada from ocean to ocean, visiting the prin- 
cipal cities in Canada, and the Republic of Mexico. 

L'Hote, Jules C, vice-president of the A. H. Page Co., steamship 
agents of the Crescent City, is a son of Jules and Zedina (Bril- 
lault) L'Hote, and was born in New Orleaens, in 1884. He grew 
to manhood in his native city and acquired his education in the 
public schools. This was supplemented by a course in Soule's 
business college. Thus equipped for the business of life, he started 
in 1899 with George W. Kelley, the predecessor of Arthur H. Page 
Co., steamship agents and ship brokers. After 8 years of close 
application to his duties, Mr. L'Hote, in Feb., 1907, was elected 
vice-president of the Page company. This is the only large steam- 



260 LOUISIANA 

ship firm in New Orleans which confines itself exclusively to full 
cargo chartering in trans-Atlantic and West India trade. Socially, 
Mr. L'Hote is a member of the Boston, the Louisiana, the Country 
and the Gymnastic clubs. In forwarding the general good of New 
Orleans, he has identified himself with the Chamber of Commerce 
and is an associate member of the cotton exchange. Mr. L'Hote 's 
grandfather was George L'Hote. who was born at Petit Crois, near 
Belfort, Alsace, Prance, in 1812, and died in New Orleans, Dec. 
28, 1868. He came to Louisiana when a young man and established 
the first steam sash, door and blind manufactory in New Orleans, 
in the year of 1847 at Canal and Carondelet streets, which con- 
cern continued in operation until it was absorbed by the L'Hote 
Lumber ilanufacture Co. George L'Hote married Octavie ]\[aillot, 
who was born at IMontanbon, Department of Doubs, France, in 
1825, and came to Louisiana at the age of 8 years. Her father, 
Pune Jean Babtist Maillot, was a wealthy planter in St. Domingo 
when the negroes revolted and drove the white planters out. He 
came to Louisiana with his family and a large number of faithful 
slaves, who assisted him to make his escape from the island, thus 
saving the lives of all his family. The French government allowed 
him an indemnity, which was paid until his death. Mr. and Mrs. 
George L'Hote had 6 children: Augustine L'Hote, married Ger- 
maine Leroy; Jules L'Hote, married Zedina Brillault ; Emma 
L'Hote, wife of Joseph Roca; Louise L'Hote, wife of Frederick 
Tilber; George L'Hote, married Amande Roca, and Katherine 
L'Hote, wife of George W. Kelley. Jules L'Hote, who married 
Zedina Brillault, left 2 children ; Edna R. and Jules C, both of 
New Orleans. 

Livaudais, Oliver Stanley, well-known New Orleans attorney, 
was born in Plaquemines parish. La., May 7, 1873 ; son of Albert 
Enoul and Octavie (Toca) Livaudais, the former of whom was a 
native of the city of New Orleans, where he also died in the year 
1911, at the age of 67 years. He was a son of Francois Baltazar 
Livaudais and Estelle (Mortimer) Livaudais, both of whom were 
natives of Louisiana. The paternal great-grandfather, and his wife, 
Jean Baltazar and Anne (Miltoner) Livaudais, were natives of 
Louisiana. The paternal great-great-grandfather, Francois Enoul 
Livaudais, was a sou of Jacques Enoul De Livaudais, whose father 
was a native of France and an officer in the French army in the 
early part of the 18th century. The Livaudais family has several 
branches and many members in Louisiana. Octavie (De Toca) 
Livaiidais, the mother of Oliver Stanley Livaudais, was a daughter 
of Philip De Toca, who was born in Spain and became the first rep- 
resentative of the family in America. Albert Enoul Livaudais, the 
father, was educated in New Orleans, wliere he graduated from the 
Jesuit college and later took up the study of law. He was admitted 
to the bar before the supreme court of Louisiana, and thereafter 
practiced law in the city of New Orleans, following which he re- 
moved to Plaquemines parish, where he was later elected judge of 
the district court, reelected ujion the expiration of his term, and 
continued incumbent of that office through 16 years. In 1898 he 
returned to New Orleans and resumed the practice of law in that 



BIOGRAPHICAL 261 

city. In national politics, Mr. Livaudais was affiliated with tlie 
Republican party, but in local contests generally voted the Demo- 
cratic ticket in cooperation with his friends toward selecting the 
best available men -for the service to be rendered. He was a mem- 
ber of the Catholic church, a planter, and largely interested in 
orange-growing. There are at this time 5 living children who were 
born to Mr. Livaudais' first marriage, the subject of this sketch 
being one of these. He was later married to Miss Alonzine Toca, 
and to this marriage 4 children were born, the mother of these 
latter children surviving at this time. Oliver Stanley Livaudais 
attended the Jesuit college at New Orleans. Later he entered the 
law school of Tulane university, from which he graduated with 
the degree of LL.B. in the class of 1896. Since the latter year he 
has been engaged in the practice of law, in which profession it 
wo.uld seem that his success has been all that could be desired. 
Mr. Livaudais at this time maintains offices in the city of New Or- 
leans, in St. Bernard, and in Plaquemines parish. He is also largely 
interested in planting and orange-growing. He is a member of 
the Catholic church. In 1896 Mr. Livaudais was married to Miss 
Barbara Castell, a daughter of the late William J. Castell of New 
Orleans. 

Lockett, Andrew Moore, well-known and representative business 
man, was born in Marion, Ala., Sept. 4, 1865, and son of Powhatan 
and Martha (Moore) Lockett. His father was born in Powhatan 
county, Va., about 1832, removed to Marion, Ala., when about 7 
years' old, grew up there and became a lawyer. Upon the break- 
ing out of the Civil war, he wanted to have a part in it, Wut, being 
lame, he could not enlist, so he went to the war as a staff officer, 
paying his own expenses, and doing what he could. He died at 
Montgomery, Ala., in 1880, where he had lived only 2 years. Mar- 
tha Moore was born in Marion, Ala., and was a daughter of An- 
drew Barry Moore, who was governor of Alabama when that state 
seceded from the tfnion. Before secession Gov. Moore had seized 
the munitions of war within the borders of the state and for this 
offense, after the war was over, he was imprisoned by the Federal 
government at Fort Pulaski, in the same prison in which Alexander 
H. Stevens and other prominent Southerners were confined. In a 
few mouths, however, he was released from prison and practiced 
law in Alabama until he died in 1873. S. H. Lockett, an uncle of 
Andrew M., graduated at West Point, and at the beginning of the 
war was captain of engineers in the Federal army, which position 
he resigned and reported to Gov. Moore. He was first engaged in 
military operations in the state of Alabama, but afterwards was an 
engineering staff officer under General Beauregard. As chief en- 
gineer for Gen. Pemberton at Vicksburg, he designed and con- 
structed the fortifications there. After the war, this S. H. Lockett 
became professor of engineering at the Louisiana state university, 
and was recommended by Gen. Sherman to the Khedive of Egypt. 
He served in the Egyptian army for several years as an engineer- 
ing officer, after which he returned to America and was assistant 
to Gen. Stone in the erection of the Bartholdi statue in the New 
York harbor. Subsequently he went to the United States of Co- 



262, LOUISIANA 

lumbia and engaged in engineering M'ork there until his death in 
Bogota, abont 1895. A. M. Lockett lived in Marion, Ala., until he 
was 13 years old; attended private school, also Howard college, 
and after his father's death in 1880, attended" the University of 
Tennessee at Knoxville for 1 year. Following this he went to Texas 
and worked for a railroad company for 4 years, after which he 
attended Stevens institute at Hoboken, N. J., 1 year. In 1887, he 
entered the service of Henry R. Worthington Co., manufacturers 
of hydraulic machinery, in New York City. Mr. Lockett served an 
apprenticeship with that company and afterwards engaged in en- 
gineering work for them up to 1893, when he was transferred to 
the commercial end of the business and put in charge of the St. 
Louis oiBce. In 1898 he was made assistant sales manager. In 
1899 he came to New Orleans and went into business on his own 
account with some New York people, under the name of A. M. 
Lockett & Co., which firm was subsequently incorporated under 
the laws of Louisiana. Mr. Lockett is now president, and active in 
the business of the company, which is that of machinery merchants 
and contractors for mechanical installations. This concern has 
grown from 5 employees in 1899 to about 40, and now has a branch 
in Houston, Tex. It is still representing the Henry R. Worthing- 
ton Co., also the Babeock & Wilcox Co. of New York, as well as 
several others. Mr. Lockett is a member of the American Society 
of Mechanical Engineers and of the Louisiana Engineering society, 
having been vice-president of the latter organization. He is a 
member of the Boston, Chess, Checkers and Whist, Audubon Golf, 
and the Country clubs, the Auto league, the Association of Com- 
merce, the Hoo Hoos, and the Jovians (an electrical organization). 
He is also a member of the New Orleans Board of Port Commis- 
sioners, the Contractors and Dealers' Exchange, and the campaign 
committee of the Good Government league. He is president of the 
New Orleans Well Drilling Co. In 1895, at Little Rock, Ark., Mr. 
Lockett was married to Miss Anna, daughter of B. B. Waddell, of 
Memphis, Tenn. To them, 2 children have been born, 1 son, An- 
drew Moore, Jr., and 1 daughter, Elizabeth. Mr. Lockett is one 
of the energetic and prosperous business men of his adopted city, 
and is highly esteemed in both business and social circles. 

Loisel, Victor, planter and United States marshal, was born in 
Thibodaux, Lafourche parish. La., Dec. 28, 1865, the son of Victor 
and Eliza (Chauffe) Loisel. His father was born in Normand.v, 
France, and died in St. James parish. La., in 1895, at the age of 
74 years. He came to this country when abo\it 30 years of age, 
and married Eliza Chauffe, wlio was born of German parents in 
Assumption parish. La. He served in the French army with gal- 
lantry in the African campaigns. The sub.iect of this personal 
sketch was reared in Lafourche and Assumption parishes and edu- 
cated in private and public schools. He then took up field labor, 
later becoming overseer and manager of plantations. By reason of 
his success in this field of endeavor, Mr. Loisel became a planter 
on his own account in St. James parish, where he now owns and 
operates a valuable plantation. In 1904 he was appointed United 
States marshal, a position he has since held, being twice (1908 and 




Hon. CiiAui.ES Louque 



BIOGRAPHICAL 263 

1912) reappointed, which reappointments indicate the acceptabil- 
ity with which he has served in this office. In politics Mr. Loisel 
is a Republican, and fraternally a 32nd degree Mason. He has 
been twice married. His first wife, whom he married in 1885, bore 
the maiden name of Emma Chanffe. She died in 1887, leaving 1 
son, Henry J. Loisel, now deputy clerk of the United States district 
court. In 1893 Mr. Loisel married a second time, Miss Alice Le 
Deoux becoming his wife. Nine children were born unto this mar- 
riage, three of whom died in infancy. The 6 living children are 
Eve, Sophie, Noelie, Marcel, Le Deoux and Alice Loisel. 

Looney, Frank J., a prominent lawyer and resident of Shreve- 
port, in which city he was born June 4, 1873, is a son of Jeremiah 
F. and Isabelle (O'Neill) Looney. His father was born in Ireland, 
and came to the United States an orphan boy. He lived in Phila- 
delphia for a number of years and then in St. Louis. From the 
latter city he came to Shreveport, where he engaged in the sad- 
dlery, harness and wagon business. He was a prosperous business 
man, and highly esteemed by the people in the community in which 
he lived. He passed away in 1904, aged 64 years. Soon after com- 
ing to Shreveport 'he married Isabelle O'Neill, who was a native 
of Alabama. She bore him 3 children that grew to maturity, and 
died when the subject of this sketch was a mere boy. The father 
afterwards married a second time, and by this marriage became 
the father of 4 children. Frank J. Looney was reared in Shreve- 
port and educated at Thatcher's military institute, after which he 
he entered the law department of Tulane university, remaining 
there for 1 year. After this he enrolled at Washington and Lee uni- 
versity, at Lexington, Va., from which he graduated in law in 1894, 
and at once began the practice of his profession, in which he has 
achieved gratifying success. Mr. Looney has long been active in 
the political affairs of his community, and is a staunch advocate 
of the principles of Democracy. He was a delegate to the national 
Democratic convention in 1908, and alternate delegate in 1912 at 
Baltimore. During the Spanish-American war Mr. Looney served 
as a captain of Company D, Hood's Immunes, which reached Cuba, 
and after the close of hostilities, he returned to the practice of law. 
Mr. Looney is a Roman Catholic, in church faith, and in public af- 
fairs manifests a commendable public spirit. In 1903, ilr. Looney 
married Miss Adeline Leonard, of Shreveport. Four children have 
blessed this union, namely: Josephine, Francis, Frederick and 
William E. 

Louque, Hon. Charles, one of the ablest members of the New Or- 
leans Bar and a well and favorably known citizen, is a native of 
Louisiana. He was born in the parish of St. John the Baptist, in 
1845, Nov. 29, on the plantation of his father, Norbert Louque, who 
was born in St. James parish. La., in 1808, and was a son of Juan 
Louque, a native of Venice, Italy, who came to the United States 
when a boy of 11 years, and located in New Orleans, where he 
grew to manhood and married a German lady and later became a 
planter. The name Louque (pronounced L-u-k-e), if spelled as it 
was in Italy, should be Luca, but its present spelling was given it 
by a French schoolmaster, a Mr. DeLaneville, in the parish of St. 



264 LOUISIANA 

John the Baptist, a teacher of Norbert Louqiie. Norbert Louqtie 
was thrice married. By his first wife he was the father of 1 child ; 
by his second wife, the father of 7 children ; and of 9 by his third 
wife. The mother of Charles Loiique was his second wife. She 
bore the maiden name of Candide Delhommer, and was a member 
of an old, highly-respected French family of Louisiana. Charles 
Louque was reared on his father's plantation, in the parish of St. 
John the Baptist, nntil he was 12 years of age. His early educa- 
tion was receivecl under the direction of private tutors, and then, 
after attending private schools in New Orleans and spending 1 
year in Spring Hill college (Alabama), he entered Jefferson col- 
lege, where he had spent 3 years Avhen the Civil war came on and 
interrupted his college work. Immediately after the war, Mr. 
Louque took up the study of law in the Louisiana university, from 
which he was graduated April 2, 1866, since when he has been in 
the active practice of the law. For 3 years he was with Edward 
D. "White, now chief justice of the United States supreme court, in 
the law office of Edward Bermudez, who afterward became chief 
justice of the supreme court of Louisiana. In 1878, Mr. Louque 
compiled and published a digest of the decisions of the Louisiana 
supreme court, which is recognized a necessary work to the prac- 
tice of law in our state. In politics, ilr. Louque is a Democrat, 
and for 4 years, from 1892 to 1896, he served as a member of the 
New Orleans city covmcil, and during Mayor Fitzpatrick's admin- 
istration he was chairman of the public order committee. He is 
now serving his third term as state senator, having been consecu- 
tively elected to this position, which he has tilled with great inde- 
pendence, and as chairman of the city affairs committee of the 
senate he has won an enviable reputation as senator. New Or- 
leans will ever be under great gratitude to Mr. Loucjue for the ac- 
tive part he has taken in the matter of reclaiming the swamps sur- 
rounding the city and converting an uninhabitable section into 
tillable lands and property fitted for resident purposes. This was a 
movement in which Mr. Louque took the initiative as a pioneer 
and ardent advocate, in 1887, and to which he devoted much time, 
energy and money. In 1871, Mr. Louque was married to Miss Edna 
Stewart, and they have 6 children. Esteemed as a public-spirited 
citizen, and held in highest regard by a large acquaintance, ad- 
judged fair and just in every relation to his fellow man, Charles 
Louque is truly one of the foremost men of New Orleans. As a 
lawyer, he has long enjoyed an extensive and lucrative practice. 
In addition to the several courts of Louisiana, he has successfully 
practiced before the supreme court of the United States. 

Louque, George A., D. D. S., New Orleans, was born in St. John 
the Baptist parish. La., Sept. 21, 1866; son of Norbert and Odile 
(Boudehan) Louque, the former a native of the parish in which 
the son was born, and the latter of Ilierville parish, La. The father 
was a sugar planter throughout his life. Both father and mother 
are now deceased, the father having died in 1899, and the mother 
in the summer of 1886. The paternal grandfather was born in 
Venice, Italy, and came to America at an early date, now more 
than 140 years ago. The paternal grandmother was of German 



BIOGRAPHICAL 265 

parentage. They were married in Louisiana. Norbert Louque 
was married 3 times. By his first marriage, 1 son was born, Louis, 
by name. By his second marriage, 7 children were born, three of 
whom are living at this time, namely: Charles, who is mentioned 
elsewhere in this worlv ; Amelia, now Jlrs. Dupuy ; Amice, now ilrs. 
Roth. By the third marriage, 9 children were born, three of whom 
are living, viz.: John, of New Orleans; George, the subject of this 
sketch, and Arthur, a traveling salesman, now employed in Can- 
ada. George A. Louque attended Jefferson college, and after grad- 
uating from that institution, entered Vanderbilt university, Nash- 
ville, Tenn., from which he graduated with the class of 1886, de- 
gree' of D. D. S. In 1888 he went to Central America, and there 
practiced dentistry 1 year. Returning to New Orleans, he estab- 
lished offices there and began the practice of his profession in that 
city, where his professional abilities have received such recogni- 
tion as to bring him a constantly-increasing clientele and demand 
his undivided attention to this time. Dr. Louque affiliates with the 
Catholic church, and is a member of the Louisiana State Dental 
society. Oct. 25, 1890, Dr. Louque was married to Miss Carmelit 
Pons, a daughter of Antonio and Madlane (Carcagni) Pons, both 
of whom were natives of Spain, and now deceased. To Dr. and 
Mrs. Louque, 3 children have been born, these being: Odile, de- 
ceased: George A., Jr., and Robert E. 

Lovejoy, William Cotter, 6725 "West End boulevard. New Or- 
leans, was born at Grantville, Coweta county, Ga., Oct. 2, 1877; 
son of John Fletcher and Mary (Cotter) Lovejoy, both of whom 
were born in Georgia, the father in Merriwether county, and the 
mother in Cobb county. The paternal great-great-grandfather, 
Lovejoy, was born in England about 1640, and emigrated about 
1660 to Maryland, with 3 brothers, and later settled in North Car- 
olina. The maternal ancestors were from County Down, Ireland, 
the family first being represented in this country by John Cotter, 
one of the king's soldiers in the war of the Revolution, who became 
a continental soldier and received a grant of land from the U. S. 
government in North Carolina for services. Wm. C. Lovejoy received 
his earlier education in the public schools of Grantville and New- 
man, Ga., including the high school course. For several years fol- 
lowing his graduation, he was in the service of the Bradstreet 
Mercantile Agency at Birmingham, Ala., but came to New Orleans 
in 1904, and during the succeeding 5 years was in the service of 
the Fairbanks Co. Mr. Lovejoy was one of the organizers of the 
Credit Men's association of New Orleans, with which he has been 
actively engaged as superintendent. This organization has been 
active in prosecuting commercial fraud and striving for the better- 
ment of business conditions. He is a member of the Benevolent 
and Protective Ordei- of Elks, a democrat, and affiliates with the 
Presbyterian church. Dee. 27, 1904, Mr. Lovejoy was married to 
Miss Antoinette Bert, a daughter of Frederick and Victoria (Gra- 
bert) Bert, of Canada. Her father was a Huguenot, native of the 
"Waldersee valley, France, and a son of the mayor of Mi. St. Denis, 
and her mother an Alsatian. They came to Cape Breton, Nova 
Scotia, Canada, where the original name of De Bert was changed 



266 • LOUISIANA 

to Bert. Three children have been born to them, namely : Helen 
Louise, Sept. 19, 1906 ; John Fletcher, Oct. 20, 1907 ; William Cot- 
ter. Jr.. Nov. 14, 1911. 

Lynch, Robert Clyde, M. D., of New Orleans, was born at Car- 
son City, Nev., in 1880, the son of William Mercer, and Minerva 
(j\Iaitland) Lynch. Dr. Lynch 's father was born at Connersville, 
Ind., April 23, 1855, son of Isaac and Margaret (Ulen) Lynch. Isaac, 
a native of Georgetown, 0., (1811) was the son of John Lynch, 
who spent his life in Ohio, where Isaac was reared and became a 
teacher, self-educated. He had for a pupil, in Georgetown, Ulysses 
S. Grant, who aftei-wards was general-in-chief of the United States 
army during the Civil war, and after the war, president of the 
United States. After his marriage in Ohio with the daughter of a 
Methodist Episcopal minister, Isaac Lynch moved to Indiana, and 
engaged in business in the town of Dunkirk, where, in 1870, he 
was remembered by his former pupil, then president of the LTnited 
States, who appointed lum to a position in the LTnited States comp- 
troller's office, at Washington, D. C, and he was thus employed 
until 2 years before his death. William Mercer Lynch received his 
early ediication in private schools and in tlie higli school of Ham- 
ilton, 0., graduating in 1879. He continued his higher studies in 
Washington City, and at Wesleyan university, Delaware, 0. ; tak- 
ing a special course in chemistry, physics and mineralogy. In 
April, 1875, he entered the service of the United States govern- 
ment at the mint in Carson City, and in 1884 was appointed assist- 
ant assayer io the mint. New Orleans. He studied medicine at Tu- 
lane university, graduating in 1896. In June. 1899. was promoted 
to be assayer in the mint at New Orleans. He is affilated with the 
Order of Knights of Pythias. In 1879. he married ]\Iiss Minerva 
]Maitland. a native of Muncie, Ind. They had 1 child, the subject 
of this sketch, who came to New Orleans with his parents when 
4 years of age, and Avas educated in the public schools, graduating 
from the Boys' high school in 1898. The same year he entered 
tlie medical department of Tulane university, and graduated in 
1902. During his term at Tulane he served 2 years as interne of 
the charity hospital, having won that position in a competitive ex- 
amination. After spending 2 years and 8 months in Natchitoches, 
La., where he established the Natchitoches sanitarium. Dr. Lynch 
returned to New Orleans, and took a post-graduate course in the 
stiidy of eye, ear, nose and throat diseases ; then went abroad and 
for 7 months was a student in London and in Vienna, returning to 
New Orleans and beginning the practice of medicine as a special- 
ist. At the eye, ear, nose and throat hospital he was clinical as- 
sistant, and after the death of Dr. Gordon King, was given full 
charge of the hospital. Since iMay, 1910, he has been associated 
witli the eminent physician, Dr. A. W. de Roaldes, founder of the 
eye, ear, nose and throat hospital. Oct., 1910, he was appointed 
acting professor of oto-laryngology at Tulane, and just 1 year 
after, was head of that department, a position he still holds. Dr. 
Lynch is a member of the American Laryngological, Otological, 
Rinologieal societies ; the American Academy of Ophthalmology 
and Oto-Laryngology ; Fellow of the American College of Sur- 



BIOGRAPHICAL 267 

geons ; the American Medical association, and the Louisiana State 
and Orleans Parish Medical societies. In 1906, Dr. Lynch married 
Amanda Genin of New Orleans, and they have 2 children, Mercer 
Genin and Robert Clyde, Jr. 

Lyons, Dr. Erastus J., M. D., successful and prominent physician 
of Lake Charles, La., now retired, was born in Calcasieu parish. 
La., March 17, 1849; son of John and Amanda (Stanton) Lyons, 
both of whom were natives of St. Landry parish ; born near Eunice, 
on Bayou Plaquemine. John Lyons, the father, followed the voca- 
tion of a farmer and stock raiser throughout life. He was married 
in the later '20s, and moved to Calcasieu parish in the early '30s, 
locating near the Sabine river. His wife, Amanda Stanton, was a 
daughter of Malicry Stanton, whose wife's maiden name was Mc- 
Manus. The first-named parent was a native of South Carolina, 
and the latter of Georgia. They became residents of St. Landry 
parish, where the father followed the business of farming and 
stock raising. Later they moved to Calcasieu parish, where the 
same business was continued. John Lyons acquired much repute 
as a stock' raiser, and drove his cattle to cities along the Gulf coast, 
including New Orleans. He lived an active and busy life in the 
open, and attained the age of 82 years. His wife survived him 
until 1907, and died at the age of 92. Erastus J. Lyons, the son, 
received the iisual public school education common to the time of 
his youth, and following this, he entered a school at Jasper, Tex., 
where he passed 3 years as a student. His academic education then 
being deemed complete, he matriculated in the New Orleans school 
of medicine, from which excellent institution he graduated with 
the degree of M. D. in the class of 1861. Immediately following 
the completion of his professional education he returned to his 
home in Calcasieu parish and there began the practice of medicine, 
which he continued until 1863, when he enlisted in the service of 
the Confederacy, as a member of a company attached to the 28th 
La. volunteer infantry, remaining with this command 11 months. 
He was then recalled to Calcasieu parish by petition of the people 
of the parish to the Confederate government, asking for his release 
from service in the army upon the ground that he was at that time 
the only practicing physician resident in the parish, and that con- 
seqiiently his services were more urgently needed by the people 
of that locality than were they needed in the army. It is a fact 
that Dr. Lyons was the first regular physician holding a diploma, 
to practice in Calcasieu parish. In the army he was an assistant 
surgeon, with the rank of captain. The chief surgeon wanted him 
to remain in the army, but he felt that the people of the vicinity 
of his home needed hini more than did the army, where there were 
a number of other surgeons, and accordingly he ret^irned to Cal- 
casieu parish, locating at that time in the Big Woods settlement, 
which was so situated as to be within easy access of three other 
settlements, forming a triangle. Thus situated, he continued his 
practice until 1879, when he moved into the city of Lake Charles. 
In this more central location he continued ministering to the re- 
quirements of a very large and always increasing practice, until 
the year 1911, and with most notably successful and pleasing re- 



268 LOUISIANA 

suits from every point of consideration. In the latter year, hav- 
ing completed a term of 50 years and 4 months in constant prac- 
tice, the doctor felt at liberty to retire from further active work, 
which he did. At this time he is living in the city of Lake Charles 
and enjoying a well-earned restj together with the fruits of many 
years of conscientioiis professional endeavor. Dr. Lyons is inter- 
ested in some oil wells, at Jennings, Vinton, and Toomy, but so 
far, these have not been at all profitable. The doctor is a member 
of the Louisiana state and the Calcasieu parish medical societies. 
He is afSliated, also, with the Confederate Veterans and with the 
Free and Accepted Masons, Commandery, Council and Chapter. 
He is a member of the First Baptist church of Lake Charles. May 
9, 1861, Dr. Lyons was married to jMiss Tobiathia Jane Robertson, 
a daughter of Ralph and Elizabeth (Lyons) Robertson, of St. Lan- 
dry parish. Ralph Robertson was a farmer and stock raiser through- 
out his active life. Both he and his wife are now deceased. Ten 
children, of whom seven are living at this time, were born to Dr. 
Erastus J. Lyons and wife, as follows : Lillian 0., died at the age 
of 16 years ; Da\ad E., IM. D., now a prominent physieiaA of Lake 
Charles, and elsewhere referred to in this work ; John C, also an 
M. D., but now deceased ; Anna, wife of C. B. Richard, prominent 
insurance representative and ex-mayor of the cit.y of Lake Charles 
(Mr. and Mrs. Richard liave one child) ; Albert and Ralph H., both 
resident at Lake Charles ; Jerousa, wife of Harry W. Nelson, of 
Goosport, and mother of 2 children ; Charles B., a Lake Charles 
electrician; Grace, now resident at the parental home; Maude, died 
at the age of 4 years. Mrs. Erastus J. Lyons died June 16, 1914, at 
the family home. 

McCaleb, E. Howard, eminent attorney and southern patriot, was 
one of the most distinguished lawyers of his time. He was a native 
of Mississippi, and a son of Edwin Harred McCaleb, who was also 
a native of Mississippi, and a son of David IMcCaleb, whose father, 
William McCaleb, came from Scotland to America and located in 
Soiith Carolina, participated with gallantry in the War of the 
Revolution and subsequently became a pioneer of Claiborne county, 
Miss. Through 4 years of severe trial the subject of this sketch 
followed the fortunes of the flag of the Southern Confederacy, serv- 
ing with distinction in the Confederate army and winning promo- 
tion to the rank of captain, in which capacity for much of the time 
he headed a company honored with a position as part of the escort 
of Confederacy President Jefferson Davis. At the close of the 
war, E. Howard McCaleb was one among the last to lay down his 
arms, when his command finally surrendered at Washington, Ga. 
When hostilities had ended, however, and it seemed that nothing 
further could be done in the service of the lost cause, Mr. McCaleb 
located at New Orleans and at once turned his attention toward 
the rehabilitation of the land he loved and in the service of wliicli 
he had fought. He was a graduate of Oakland college (IMiss.), 
his preceptor in the law being T. Wharton CoUens, of New Or- 
leans, whose daughter, IMarie Idealie, became Mrs. E. Howard IMc- 
Caleb. He was admitted to the bar before the Supreme Court 
of Louisiana, and devoted his exceptional abilities to the practice 



BIOGRAPHICAL 269 

of law in New Orleans throughout the remaining active portion 
of his long and useful life, this period extending from 1866 prac- 
tically until his death in 1908, at the age of 66 years. In obedience 
to liis high conception of public duty, j\Ir. JlcCaleb consented at 
one time to accept the office of city attorney for the city of New 
Orleans, but after 2 years in this position, the requirements of his 
constantly increasing private practice had grown to such an extent 
that it became evident he must devote his undivided attention to 
the interests of his clients, and in accord with this, he resigned 
the office of city attorney. In political affiliation, Mr. McCaleb 
was a Democrat, but his active participation in politics extended 
no further than his public spirit and high sense of the obligations 
of citizenship led him, and though political honors might easily 
have been his, he preferred to devote his eminent attainments to 
the practice of his chosen profession, in which his success was 
markedly great. While himself shunning official honors, he was al- 
ways especially gratified when these fell upon men obviously fitted 
to bear them. He was a staunch friend and cotemporary of Chief 
Justice White of the United States Supreme Court, and enjoyed 
an extended acciuaintance among men of note throughout the na- 
tion and beyond its borders. During the dark da.ys of the "recon- 
struction period" in the South, when duty called true men to the 
front, E. Howard JlcCaleb responded and bore a prominent part. 
As a member of the "White League," he participated in the mem- 
orable struggle of Sept. 14, 1874, in New Orleans. Seven children 
were born to Mr and Mrs. McCaleb, as follows : James F., physi- 
cian, Insmore, jNIiss. ; E. Howard, of whom brief mention is made 
in this work ; Thomas, of Los Angeles, Cal. ; Louis Jonathan, of 
New Orleans; Francis L., of Indianapolis, Ind. ; Joseph A., of San 
Antonio, Tex., and ]\Iarie Idelie, wife of Walter F. ^McCaleb, of 
San Antonio, Tex. The mother of these children has reached the 
72nd milestone in the journey of life, and is possessed of sterling 
qualities of heart and mind. 

McCaleb, E. Howard, Jr., well-known attorney of New Orleans, 
was born in New Orleans, Dec. 23, 1868; a son of the late E. Howard 
McCaleb, elsewhere mentioned in this work. In 1885 he graduated 
from Spring Hill college (Alabama), then took a special literary 
course at the University of Virginia, and in 1891 graduated in law 
from Tulane university. New Orleans. Following his graduation, 
Mr. McCaleb served as minute clerk of the civil district court, and 
from 1892 to 1900 occupied the important position of attorney to 
the tax collector of the city of New Orleans, but on account of in- 
creasing demands for his professional advice, he found himself 
obliged to retire from this position and become associated with 
his father in the practice of law several years before the death of 
the latter, this partnership continuing uninterruptedly unto the 
end of the life of the father, since which time he had handled the 
large legal business of this firm. In 1891 Mr. McCaleb was married 
to ]\riss Elodie Louise Barriere. 

McClelland, William Allen, of Crowley, La., a planter and legis- 
lator, was born in Acadia (late St. Landry) parish, Feb. 4, 1854, son 
of Joseph and Louisa Abele McClelland. Both parents were natives 



270 LOUISIANA 

of St. Landry parish; tlie elder McClelland, born in 1817 was a 
farmer, and died in 1905 ; his wife, born in 1827, passed away in 
1892. John McClelland, paternal grandfather of the subject of this 
sketch removed to St. Landry parish from Kentucky, married I\Iiss 
Rachel Andrus, of St. Landry, and of their 9 children, not one is 
living. The maternal grandparents of William Allen McClelland 
were John, and Rachel (Foreman) Abele. In pioneer times, Mr. 
Abele came to St. Landry parish from Ohio. The McClellands and 
the Abeles have been identified with the agricultural interests of 
St. Landry parish since the beginning of the nineteenth century. 
William Allen McClelland was the fifth child in a family of eleven 
children in order of birth as follows: Melissa Ann, died; Tilford, 
died ; lanah, died ; Susan Louisa, died ; William Allen ; James, died ; 
Joseph and Eharah, twins, the second-named is the wife of Joseph 
Auding, residing in Acadia parish; Archie, died, and Lawson and 
John, twins, both dead. Educational advantages being very lim- 
ited in the country districts 50 or 60 years ago, except such as 
could be obtained in the few public and private schools, William 
Allen McClelland went through the primary and grammar studies 
then oifered, meanwhile working on his father's farm. At 20 years 
of age he was employed in a saw-mill, and after a few years was 
clerk in a general store. During those years the young man per- 
severed in acquiring knowledge, attending school and studying at 
home. About 31 years ago, Mr. McClelland made a homestead 
entry of 160 acres, 6 miles north of where now is the town of Crow- 
ley, and later on he added 140 acres, mostly cultivated in rice, but 
also, on a limited scale in corn, oats, and other cereals. A few 
acres are utilized for stock-raising. In politics, Mr. McClelland 
has always shown active- interest. He has been a justice of the 
peace, notary, member of the Acadia parish police jury; member 
of the state legislature in 1908, re-elected in 1912. Mr. McClelland 
served on the game commission ; also on the committees on agri- 
culture and on claims ; and introduced in the house of representa- 
tives several laws of general interest, one of wliich was a bill to 
prohibit persons interested in oil wells, from pumping salt water 
into fresh water streams ; another was a bill to allow the city judge 
of Crowley to try minor criminal cases ; and a third measure 
amending section 5 of the "grandfather's clause" so as to permit 
illiterate white men to vote. He was instrumental in having estab- 
lished an experimental station for rice and all other agricultural 
products of his district. Mr. McClelland is affiliated witli the 
secret Order of Odd Fellows, and is a member of the Metliodist 
Episcopal church. He is a thrifty, painstaking farmer, highly es- 
teemed for his integrity and civic qualities and the interest he 
takes in the public welfare. Oct. 9, 1879, he married Miss Amelia 
Laughlin, of St. Landry parish, a daughter of Milton, and Delied 
(Mache) Laughlin. Her father was a farmer; her paternal grand- 
father, John Laughlin, was a native of St. Landry parish. The 
Mache family, of French descent, have been residents of St. Landry 
parish for several generations, ilrs. William Allen McClelland 
was the fifth child in a family of 9 children, as follows: Jesse; 
Sarah, wife of William Davis, residing in Acadia parish ; Joseph, 



BIOGRAPHICAL 271 

a citizen of Rapides parish; John; Amelia (Mrs. W. A. McClell- 
and) ; Mary, wife of Odibert Welch; Vina, now Mrs. Jacob Stew- 
art ; Andrew, and Georgie, wife of Oscar Thibedoux, of Acadia 
parish. Mr. and Mrs. W. A. McClelland were the parents of 9 
children, of whom three died in infancy. The others are, Rufns, 
Luther, Bessie (now Mrs. Jack Castile), Lillie (wife of Robert 
Gowe), Nancy (wife of Ellis Welch), and Blanche. 

McCloskey, George T., secretary Hibernia insurance company, 
305 Camp street. New Orleans, was born in New Orleans, La., Jan. 
18, 1880 ; son of the late George McCloskey. The father was a na- 
tive of Dublin, Ireland, and came to New Orleans direct from his 
native land. He engaged in business as a commission merchant and 
became one of the leading business men of the Crescent City. He 
died at the age of 42 years. The mother of George T., Kate (Mar- 
key) McCloskey, was born in New Orleans, a daughter of Thomas 
E. Markey, of New Orleans, who came from Cork, Ireland, located 
at New Orleans early in life and became one of the city's promi- 
nent business men. Mrs. IMcCloskey, his daughter, died when 
about 25 years old. George T. is the youngest of 3 children born to 
his parents, these being, in order : Kate, deceased ; Virginia, who 
became the wife of Dr. A. B. Russ, of New Orleans ; and George T. 
His childhood and youth were passed in the city of his birth, where, 
in the course of his education, he attended the Jesuits' college. 
Later he graduated from the St. Stanislaus college at Bay St. Louis, 
Miss., in 1897. Following this he entered the University of Vir- 
ginia, and after completing a 2-year course at that institution re- 
turned to New Orleans and began a business career that has proved 
most interesting, instructive to those who have been privileged to 
observe, and eminently successful. The first employment of the 
young man on his return from college was in the capacity of a cot- 
ton sampler. He next advanced to the position of a clerk in the 
Provident Bank, where he later won promotion to the post of pay- 
ing teller, serving in that responsible position about four years, 
after which term the Provident was merged with the Canal bank, 
he remaining in the service of the consolidated institution as be- 
fore. Some time after this change, however, he resigned to accept 
a position with the New Orleans railway & light company, as book- 
keeper. After about one year with the latter company, in 1910 he 
was elected secretary of the Hibernia insurance company and has 
continued the incumbent of that station to this time. Oct. 5, 1909, 
Mr. McCloskey was married to Miss Iska Murf, daughter of the 
late E. Murf, of Hot Springs, Ark. One child, Iska, has been born 
to Mr. and Mrs. McCloskey. Mr. McCloskey is a member of the 
New Orleans country club and of tlie Carnival organizations, and 
has long been numbered among the best-known and most success- 
ful of New Orleans business men. Now with tlic Hibernia depart- 
ment of the Home insurance company, of New York, which recently 
purchased the Hibernia insurance company. 

McCloud, Charles C, D. D. S., of Shreveport, La., proprietor of 
the Colonial apartments; ex-president of the Louisiana state fair, 
is extensively interested in the civic and commercial life of Caddo 
parish. He was born at Raymond, Miss., July 18, 1859. His father, 



272 LOUISIANA 

the Rev. C. S. McCloud, a Baptist minister, was a native of Ver- 
mont, and at the age of 15 came to Kentucky, studied for the min- 
istry at Georgetown college ; was pastor of Baptist congregations 
at Versailles, Ky., and at Vicksburg, Columbus, Jackson and Ray- 
mond, Miss. In that state, he married Miss Anna Covington, who 
was born in South Carolina, the daughter of John W. Covington, 
a native of Tennessee. One of her sisters was the wife of Patriek 
Tompkins, a prominent politician of Vicksburg, Miss., before the 
Civil war, and a member of Congress and a colleague of Jeii'erson 
Davis and Abraham Lincoln; in the latter part of the '60 's remov- 
ing to San Francisco, Cal., where he attained prominence in poli- 
tics and was a member of the United States Senate, a colleague of 
Sen. Sharon. Dr. Charles C. McCloud was educated in the public 
schools of Raymond, Miss., and when his parents removed to Jeff- 
erson, Tex., he was sent to Jlississippi college, at Clinton, Miss., 
graduating after 4 years of study, in 1878. His father died in 
Shreveport, La., during an epidemic of yellow fever in 1873. Hav- 
ing decided to be a dentist. Dr. McCloiid matriculated, at the age of 
27, in the dental department of the College of Physicians and Sur- 
geons in Baltimore, Md., and graduated in 1890, third in a class of 
125. For 20 years he practiced his profession in Shreveport (1890- 
1910), and retired, to devote himself to the real estate business. 
In 1909 he erected the Colonial apartments, of which he is the man- 
ager and owner. The Louisiana State Fair association honored 
him with tlie presidency in 1910, a position he resigned in 1913, 
after having placed the association \ipon a firm financial basis, free 
from all debts, and with improvements worth $250,000. For 5 years 
the doctor was president of the Shreveport Progressive union (now 
Chamber of commerce). He is honorary member of the New Or- 
leans Progressive union (now the New Orleans Association of Com- 
merce) ; a director in the Louisiana State fair ; director in the Amer- 
ican National bank of Shreveport, and vice-president American 
Bank & Trust Co., and in several other corporations; a member of 
the Elks order, and of the Knights of Pythias (of which he was 
Chancellor Commander for several years) ; and a trustee in the Bap- 
tist church. In 1885 Dr. ilcCloud married ]\Iiss Beulah Ward, at 
Waco, Tex., daughter of Artemus Ward, a well-known planter, of 
Louisiana. Mr. and Mrs. McCloud have no children. 

McGinnis, Irvin, contractor, and member of the commission coun- 
cil of the city of Alexandria, La., was born in the state of Texas, 
Dec. 17, 1868; son of J. I and Sallie (Rivers) McGinnis, the former 
of whom was born in Tennessee and the latter in Georgia. Irvin 
McGinnis was the first of 6 children born to his parents. He passed 
his boyhood and youth in Texas. In 1887 he moved to the coun- 
try in the vicinity of Alexandria, La., and there devoted his ener- 
gies to the vocation of a planter until 1896, when he moved into 
the city of Alexandria and took charge of the Exchange hotel, 
which he successfully conducted during the succeeding two years, 
since which time he has been engaged, mainly, in the business of 
a contractor, building railroad work, levees, etc. Mr. McGinnis 
has served as secretary and treasurer of the board of control of the 
Louisiana State Hospital for the Insane, and 2 terms as a member 



BIOGRAPHICAL 273 

of the board of aldermen of the city of Alexandria. He was elected 
a member of the first commission council of the latter city under 
the commission form of government, and is incumbent of that of- 
fice at this time. Mr. MeGinnis is a 32nd degree I\Iason, member 
of the Order of the Mystic Shrine, and of the Benevolent and Pro- 
tective Order of Elks. 

McGuire, Marion Herbert, New Orleans physician and medical 
instructor, was born at the family home on "Crescent Place" plan- 
tation, in Madison parish, La. ; son of Joseph Edward and Henri- 
etta (Madden) McGuire, the father having been born near Hans- 
boro, Miss. The mother's death accurred at Trenton, La., in 1877, 
at the age of 28 years, and that of the father at Monroe, La., in 
1891, at the age of 49 years. The paternal grandparents, Nimrod 
and Elizabeth (Toomer) McGuire, were natives of South Carolina, 
and moved to Mississippi about 1835, later removing to Trenton, 
La., where they resided until the death of the grandfather, his wife 
surviving him for a period and her death occurred at Monroe, in 
the same state. At the beginning of the Civil war the father, 
Joseph Edward McGuire, enlisted in the 17th Louisiana infantry 
as regimental adjutant and served until the close of hostilities. He 
took part in the battle of Shiloh, was with Gen. Stephen D. Lee at 
the siege of Vicksburg, and in the vicinity of Forrest's fighting. 
He received his only wound at Shiloh. After the surrender he 
returned to Louisiana and took charge of his father's sawmill and 
mercantile business at Trenton. Following his father's death he 
removed to Richland parish, and later to Madison parish, and there 
acted in the capacity of overseer on plantations. Later he was 
elected sheriff of Ouachita parish and continued to serve in that 
capacity for 12 years, his death occurring shortly after the termi- 
nation of this long incumbeijcy of the sheriff's office. He was affili- 
ated with the democratic party. The early education of Marion 
Herbert McGuire was obtained in the public and private schools 
of Monroe. Later he entered Tulane university, through a schol- 
arship, taking a 2-years academic course. Following the death of 
his father he obtained employment as clerk in a drug store at Mon- 
roe, and was thus engaged about 3 years. In the fall of 1894 he 
entered the medical department of Tulane university and gradu- 
ated in May, 1898, having in the meantime served 2 years as interne 
in the New Orleans Charity hospital. At the beginning of hostili- 
ties of the Spanish-American war he enlisted and was commis- 
sioned assistant surgeon of the 1st Louisiana volunteer infantry. 
He served with this command at New Orleans, Mobile, Miami, and 
Jacksonville, and after about 6 months of service was mustered 
out. Following his return he was engaged in the general practice 
of medicine in the city of New Orleans aliout 18 months, after 
which time he entered the New Orleans sanitarium (now the Pres- 
byterian liospital) as resident physician for a term of 4 years. At 
the expiration of this term he resumed general practice in the city. 
Since 1905 Dr. McGuire has been clinical assistant to the chair of 
general surgery in the New Orleans polyclinic, which is now the 
post-graduate "department of the Tulane school of medicine. In 
1907 he also became junior assistant demonstrator of anatomy, and 
III— 18 



274 LOUISIANA 

served in this post to the end of the term 1911-12. During the yel- 
low fever epidemic in New Irleans in 1905 he was placed in charge 
of the 11th ward of the city under the direction of Dr. J. H. White. 
Feb. 1, 1905, Dr. SIcGuire was married to Miss .Josephine j\Iay 
Wooten, daughter of William L. and Josephine (Blanks) Wooten 
of New Orleans. They have 2 son.s — Cyril and Russell. Dr. Mc- 
Guire is a member of the Orleans parish, Louisiana state, and 
American medical associations ; also, the New Orleans charity hos- 
pital alumni association, Kappa Sigma fraternity, Woodmen of 
the World, and Knights of the Maccabees. 

McHardy, George Gordon, superintendent Metropolitan insur- 
ance company, ofiices 701 to 710 Jlaison Blanche building. New 
Orleans, was born in Scotland, Nov. 22, 1858 ; son of Alexander and 
Helen (Forbes) McHardy, both of whom were natives of Scotland, 
where they lived and died. George Gordon is the seventh child 
and eldest son of 10 children born to his parents, 8 of whom were 
daughters and 2 sons. He was reared in his native land and edu- 
cated in the country schools of Scotland, but at the age of 11 years 
he was put to work on the farm. After one season at this, however, 
'he was apprenticed in the baking business, and remained in this 
employment until 17 years old. At this time, in the year 1875, he 
went to the south of Scotland and there found employment as an 
office boy with a firm of timber merchants and sawmillers. He re- 
mained with this firm something more than seven years, advancing 
in the business from time to time until he had reached the position 
of traveling salesman. Shortly after this, however, lie was at- 
tracted to the insurance business, and after some investigation 
decided to enter that business as an agent, whicli he did at Alloa, 
Scotland. After one year in the insurance business at that loca- 
tion he decided to go to America, and as a sequence to that decision 
landed at New York in 1884. Shortly thereafter he entered the 
service of the Metropolitan insurance company, being stationed in 
New Jersey as an assistant superintendent. From the latter date 
to the present time, embracing a period of about 30 years, he has 
been continually in the service of the same corporation, advancing 
and being transferred from one location to another from time to 
time but always moving up. He became located at New Orleans in 
1893 as superintendent of the business of the iMetropolitan insur- 
ance company in that city, and retains tliat position at this time. 
Mr. McHardy is well-known in all circles throughout the city and 
ad.iacent regions and has long since become thoroughly identified 
with the best interests of the locality that has for so many years 
been his home. He is a member of the Yoimg men's gymnastic 
club, and the Knights of Columbus. In 1881 Mr. McHardy was 
married to Miss Margaret Cunningham of Alloa, Scotland. To 
Mr. and Mrs. iMcHardy 12 sons have been born, 9 of whom are 
living, viz.: Alexander, George Gordon, Jr., William, Joseph, 
James, Norman, Colin, Donald, and Robert. 

McHugh, Thomas E., clerk of the District court. East Baton 
Rouge parish, was born Dec. 1, 1861, in East Baton Rouge parish; 
son of John A. and Amanda (Bridges) McHugh. His father, native 
of East Baton Rouge parish, died at the age of 60 ; and his mother, 



BIOGRAPHICAL 275 

wlio was born in St. Helena parish, passed away in her 78th year. 
They had 6 children, i now living, of whom Thomas E. is the 
youngest son. He was educated in private schools, and farming 
and mercantile business engaged his attention until the year 1900, 
when he became deputy clerk, and filled that position for 4 years. 
In 1904 Mr. McHugh was elected to his present ofSce, and was re- 
elected two successive times, the last time witho\it opposition. 
Among the progressive citizens who organized the town of Zachary, 
none showed more energy and public spirit than I\Ir. McHugh, 
whose reward for patriotic assistance in that civic improvement 
was his election as the first mayor of Zachary. In 1889, occurred 
his marriage to i\liss Nettie Brown, daughter of Thomas B. and 
Sarah (Wilkins) Brown, of East Baton Rouge parish. One son, 
Thomas J., and one daughter, Doris, have been born to them. The 
son is a graduate of Tulane university, medical department, class 
of 1914. Mr. McHugh is a master and royal arch JIason, a member 
of the B. P. 0. E., and the Woodmen of the World. Philip McHugh, 
great-grandfather, and John McHugh, grandfather, of the subject 
of this sketcli, settled in the northern part of East Baton Rouge 
parish in tlie early days of Louisiana. Mr. McHugli is a staunch 
member of the democratic party and is always foremost in all 
movements affecting the public welfare. 

McNeese, John, of Lake Charles, was born in New York City, 
July 4, 1843, a son of William and Maiy (Beechum) McNeese, both 
natives of Scotland. His mother died when he was an infant, and 
his father when he was 9 years of age. He was reared at Balti- 
more, J\Id., by relatives. At the age of 18 he enlisted in the Union 
army, in answer to the first call for voluuteers. He served to the 
close of the war, and then went to Texas, and located in Menard 
county, where he merchandized, and served as county clerk, and 
about 1870 came to Louisiana. He had received a good literary 
education, and on coming to Louisiana engaged in school teaching, 
and about 1885 gradiiated in law from Tidane university, and was 
engaged in practicing law at Lake Charles, when lie was appointed 
superintendent of public schools in Calcasieu parish, wliicli posi- 
tion he held for many years, retiring about one year before his 
death, which occurred June 2, 1914. His life work was that of an 
educator, and he' accomplished much for the cause of education. 
He married Susan Bilbo, a daughter of William Bilbo, a pioneer of 
southwest Louisiana. Unto the marriage were born 5 sons and 2 
daughters. Of the family, the second oldest is Oswald W. IMcNeese, 
ad.jutant-geni'ral of Louisiana. 

McNeese, Oswald W., of Baton Rouge, adjutant-general of the 
state of Louisiana, was born Oct. 18, 1880, in Lake Charles, La.; 
son of John and Susan (Bill)o) McNeese, the former luiving been 
reared in Maryland, and the latter, in Lake Charles, daughter of 
William Bilbo, one of the pioneer settlers of that section of the 
State. Gen. McNeese 's father came to Louisiana about 1870, lo- 
cated in Calcasieu parish, in the practice of law, was appointed 
superintendent of pviblic education. His wife is still living in the 
city of Lake Cliarles. Two daughters and 5 sons were born to their 
union. , The subject of this sketch is the second of the family, and 



276 LOUISMNA ' 

was edneated in the high seliool of his native city, and at Louisi- 
ana state iinivei'sity. In 1902 he engaged in the banking business, 
and was assistant cashier of the Lake Charles National bank nntil 
appointed adjutant-general of Louisiana, by the governor. That 
change in profession necessitated a removal of residence to Baton 
Rouge. In early manhood Gen. McNeese showed a lively interest 
in military matters, for which he had a natural aptitude. He served 
as 1st lieutenant of Company K, 1st infantry; was promoted to 
captain and next major, serving till June 3, 1912. In the year 1910, 
he married ]\Iiss Grover Cleveland Dupre, daughter of Laurent 
Dupre of Opelousas, La. Gen. McNeese is a member of the Sigma 
Alpha Epsilon; also of the Knights of Pythias; and is affiliated 
with the democratic party of which he is a stanch and loyal sup- 
porter, always taking the greatest interest in public affairs. 

McShane, Augustus, M. D., New Orleans, was born in New Or- 
leans, La., Jan. 31, 1861. In the course of his education he first 
attended a private school, then St. Mary's college, and later the 
Boys' high school. His medical education began in 1879, when he 
entered the medical department of the University of Louisiana 
(now Tulane). He graduated with the degree of M. D. in 1882, 
after having served 2 years as interne in the New Orleans charity 
hospital. For 10 years he served as assistant demonstrator of anat- 
omy at Tulane iiuiversity, and was cjuarantine officer for the Lou- 
isiana state board of health, at Port Eads in 1884, and at Pass al' 
Outre for the following 2 summers. He was connected with the 
New Orleans Medical and Surgical Journal (the oldest in the 
South) for a number of years, during 5 of which he was sole ed- 
itor and publisher. He was for 3 years secretary of the New Or- 
leans parish medical society, and by reason of his connection with 
the journal and with the medical society, was able to greatly in- 
crease the membership of the latter. Among his professional activ- 
ities may be mentioned; 12 years as first assistant surgeon at the 
Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat hospital, established by Dr. A. W. de 
Roaldes. For the past 6 years he has been visiting laryngologist at 
the New Orleans charit.v hospital. He is at this time demonstrator 
in the laboratory of hygiene, tropical medicine, and preventive 
medicine at Tulane university. He was one of the creators, and 
took an active part in upbuilding, of the New Orleans polyclinic, 
organized in 1888, which now constitutes the post-graduate depart- 
ment of the school of medicine of Tulane university. Dr. McShane 
is a member of the Orleans parish, the Louisiana state, and the 
American medical associations. Politically, the doctor says he is 
independent. He has enthusiastically entered into every reform 
movement organized, and always worked for clean politics. He 
and his family are members of the Episcopal church. July 28, 
1903, Dr. McShane was married to Miss Harriet Kenney Butler, of 
New Orleans, a daughter of James Taylor Butler and Mary Den- 
nis. To Dr. and Mrs. McShane, four children have been born, 
namely Edward James, Editli Prances, Rudolph Matas, and Nell 
Keitz. On his father's side of the family. Dr. McShane descends 
from Shane O'Neill of Shane's Castle (Edenduffcarriek), County 
Antrim, Ireland. Jeremiah Chapman (1813) the maternal grand- 



BIOGRAPHICAL 277 

father, was born and educated in Boston, Mass., where he was at 
one time editor of "The Investigator." He was also a lecturer. 
His father, also named Jeremiah, the maternal great-grandfather, 
died when the son Jeremiah was only 8 mouths old, and the death 
of the maternal great-grandmother occurred wheu Jeremiah was 
13. At 19, however, Nov. 29, 1832, the young man was married 
to Miss Mary Ann Provost, and to them were born 2 daughters. 
He was widowed in 1836, and in 1837, with these daughters, re- 
moved to New Orleans. The stay at the new location was of short 
duration, and the family removed to Texas, there acquiring a large 
tract of laud on Buffalo bayou— 1 mile s<iuare— where the city of 
Houston now stands. Jeremiah again returned to New Orleans 
and was stricken with smallpox, as was the younger of the daugh- 
ters also, both dying June 4, 1838, the eldest daughter, Lydia Ann 
(1833-1875), who became Dr. McShane's mother, surviving. She 
was cared for by lifelong Boston friends of the family, Jlr. and 
Mrs. Adnah James, who had also moved to New Orleans. Mrs. 
James was widowed in 1838, and she became Lydia Ann Chap- 
man's guardian the same year. Lydia Ann was educated at St. 
Mary-of-the-Woods convent, Terra Haute, Ind. Following her 
graduation, she returned to New Orleans, and in 1856 married Ed- 
ward McShane, a native of Liverpool, England, born in 1824, who 
tirst came to America in 1847, but returned to England the same 
year. In 1848, he returned to this country and became a perma- 
nent resident of New Orleans, where he passed the remainder of 
his life. He became a naturalized citizen in 1853, and was em- 
ployed for a period of about 5 years in the U. S. custom house. 
He afterward became a contractor and real estate dealer. At the 
close of the Civil war, he was appointed one of the appraisers of 
the N. 0., J. & 6. N. K. R., which was afterward merged with the 
Illinois Central. He entered the service of the last-named road 
and so continued until his death in 1886. To Mr. and Mrs. Mc- 
Shane were born 7 children. i\Irs. Lydia Ann McShane died May 
1, 1875. Edward McShane later married Rosa Bianca Fick, and 
to them were born 2 children. The first representative of the Chap- 
man family to come to America was Edward C. (1639), who mar- 
ried Mary Symonds. The generations from which Dr. jMcShane 
is descended were, in order, as follows: Simon Chapman, 1643- 

1735; Edward Chapman, 1669-1740; Dauiel Chapman, ; 

Daniel Chapman, Jr., 1740-1779; Jeremiah Chapman, 1770-1814; 
Jeremiah Chapman, Jr., 1813-1838 ; Lydia Ann Chapman (Dr. Mc- 
Shane's mother), 1833-1875— married Edward McShane— 1824- 
1886. Jeremiah Chapman (1770-1814) was a soldier, a captain in 
the 21st U. S. infantry, and died in camp at French's mill, in 1814. 
The original site of the Chapman family was at Hull, England. 
After coming to America, they became identified with the New 
England states, and since that time, the family name has been in- 
timately associated with the history of that region, principally the 
State of Massachusetts. Daniel Chapman (1740-1779) served as 
a soldier in the Revolutionary army. He located at Boxford, Mass., 
in 1764, and resided there until the time of his death. He served 
the municipality as a member of the school board, and twice rep- 



278 LOUISIANA 

resented his district in the Massachusetts legislature. Several 
members of the Chapman family served in the Revolutionary army. 
Dr. McShaue is a member of the Sons of the American Revolution. 
McVea, Charles, M. D., prominent physician and surgeon, and 
former state senator, residing at Baton Rouge, was born at Clin- 
ton, East Feliciana parish, La., Feb. 2, 1869. His parents were 
Charles and Robert Lucy (Hilliard) McVea. His father was born 
at Bayou Sara, La., March 4, 1832, and was a son of John McVea, 
a native of Ireland, who came to Ajnerica, in 1820, and located 
at Bayou Sara, La., where he became a prominent merchant. His 
son, Charles McVea, graduated from Centenary college, then lo- 
cated at Jackson, La., and then he took up the study of law at 
Clinton, La., where he practiced law with success, followed by an 
election to the district court as judge. He served several years, 
with distinction, as district judge, and then for 16 years as judge 
of the state colirt of appeals. He was serving in this latter posi- 
tion when he died in 1886. He won the reputation of an able jur- 
ist, and was highly esteemed as a citizen. Judge McVea married 
Miss Robert Lucy Hilliard, who was born in Petersburg, Va., and 
moved with her parents to Louisiana, when she was a mere girl. 
Her father, Dr. Robert Cargill Hilliard, was of English and Irish 
lineage, and a native of Nash county, N. C. He came to Louisiana 
about 1845, and settled at New Iberia. Unto Judge Charles McVea 
and wife were born 4 children, one of whom died in infancy. Those 
living are : Dr. Charles McVea, the subject of this sketch ; Mary, 
the wife of Dr. Edward Dunbar Newell, a prominent physician of 
Chattanooga, Tenn., and Dr. William Walker McVea, a dentist, of 
Baton Rouge. The mother died, in 1875, at the age of 34 years. 
The home of the family was in Clinton, La., and there Dr. Charles 
McVea was reared. At the age of 13 he entered IMagruder's insti- 
tute. Baton Rouge, and was a student there till 1885, in which year 
he became a student in the Webb school, Culleoka, Tenn., where he 
spent 1 year. In 1886 he entered the Louisiana State university, 
whence he was graduated in 1890 with the degree of bachelor of 
science. Predilection led him to the study of medicine, and enter- 
ing Tulane university, he completed the medical course there, grad- 
uating in 1893, with the degree of M. D. Dr. McVea began his 
professional career as a practitioner in Baton Rouge. He rose very 
rapidly in his profession and soon gained a large and remunerative 
practice. As a physician and surgeon. Dr. McVea has held the 
following positions : Assistant superintendent of the state insane 
asylum at Jackson ; surgeon for the Louisiana state university. 
Baton Rouge; surgeon for tlie state school for the deaf, and sur- 
geon, for 10 years, for the state school for the blind. He has been 
honored by an election to the presidency of the East Baton Rouge 
parish medical society, and also to that of the Louisiana State med- 
ical society. Besides being a iiieml)er of these medical societies, 
he is also a member of the American Medical association, of the 
Southern medical society, of the Mississippi Valley medical so- 
ciety, and tlie association of Military Surgeons of the United States. 
In politics. Dr. McVea has Ix'cn liouored l)y election to both 
branches of the Louisiana legislature. From 1900 to 1904 he served 



BIOGRAPHICAL 279 

in the lower house, and from 1908 to 1912 in the state senate. His 
record in the legishiture met the most sanquine hopes of his many 
friends, and gave him ranlv among the ablest legislators, who have 
served the state. As a staunch Democrat, Dr. i\leVea has long 
been closely identified with the interests of his political party. In 
fraternal relations, he is a Master Mason, being a Past Master of 
the "Blue Lodge;" he is also a member of the Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks, of the Knights of Pythias, the Woodmen 
of the World, and the United Workmen. Feb. 5, 1894, Dr. McVea 
married Miss Pearl W. Lobdell, of Lobdell, La. Unto the marriage 
were born 3 children, namely: Pearl, Charles, Jr., and Bena. 

Maher, Thomas Francis, editor, attorney, jurist, humanitarian, 
was born in the city of New Orleans, La. ; and is a son of Thomas P. 
and Catherine (Bride) Maher, both parents having been born in 
Ireland, but not united in marriage until after their arrival in 
America. His father served as a soldier throughout the Mexican 
war, and again enlisted in the Confederate army at the beginning 
of the Civil war, doing valiantly the duties of a southern citizen 
and finally laying down his life in the cause of the Southern states. 
Young Thomas Francis was thus early thrown upon his own re- 
sources, and how well he utilized those resources with whudi na- 
ture alone endowed him can only be properly appreciated by those 
whose privilege and pleasure it has been to watch his steady prog- 
ress upward to a position of exceptional security in the esteem 
and affections of his cotemporaries and his fellow man. Typically 
representative of the best among those hardy and sterling char- 
acters comonly denominated "self-made" men, "Tom Mahel-," 
as he is popularly known to most of those with whom he comes in 
contact, has persistently refused to allow self-interest to doiiiiuate 
'his actions toward his fellow man. Large of heart and generous 
in thought, the milk of human kindliness so permeates the fiber 
of his being that it appears his chief concern has always been to 
see that justice is served and that the needy, the weak, and the de- 
fenseless are nurtured, sheltered and protected against the cruel 
blasts that assail the less fortunate on life's pilgrimage. It is al- 
ways interesting and profitable to observe the progress and de- 
velopment of such characters, though within the space avadable 
in a work such as this it must necessarily be more or less unsatis- 
factory. In his early boyhood days young Maher was a protege 
of Gayarre and Dimitry, the Louisiana historians. He was reared 
in New Orleans and graduated from the Brothers' college, follow- 
ing this with a course in stenography, in which he rapidly devel- 
oped unusual proficiency and soon opened a school for instruction 
in shorthand. Prom this institution were graduated many of the 
most proficient stenographic writers of that time. Finduig his in- 
clinations to lead in other directions, the young teacher secured a 
position as a newspaper reporter, where his expert knowledge ot 
shorthand writing could be utilized to large advantage, and in 
this capacity he successively served on the staff of various New 
Orleans newspapers, later becoming editor of the Algiers Press, 
and still later founding the Southern Economist, the latter piib- 
lication being especially designed to aim at redressing tlie wrongs 



280 LOUISIANA 

of the laborer. During the period of his editorial incumbency he 
became a leading spirit in the memorable fight of that time against 
the Louisiana state lottery, emerging from this contest a winner as 
usual. In spite of the varied activities of his newspaper life, "Tom" 
yet found time for further preparation for advancement toward 
the goal he sought, having taken up the study of law in connec- 
tion with his editorial work, and in 1886 he was admitted to the 
bar before the supreme court of tlie United States. His law prac- 
tice has been eminently successful, and in the course of his inter- 
esting experience lie has handled alone some of the most important 
civil and criminal cases that have come before the supreme court 
of Louisiana. An important feature of his life as a lawyer, how- 
ever, and which it is highly prol)able he considers tlie most im- 
portant feature, is tlie fact that it is commonly said that he has 
never refused to give his professional advice, without pay, to any 
person, male or female, of any color, faith, or creed, who might be 
in need of his services and unable to pay. It is said that he lias 
assisted practically every fraternal order and railroad man in 
Algiers (now a part of New Orleans, where he re.sides) in making 
up the proof of death so as to assist the beneficiaries — widows and 
orphans — in the collection of insurance policies. In these cases 
no charge was made nor has there been any in the Y>i'eparation of 
pension papers for Federal and Confederate veterans, or civil serv- 
ice papers for any citizen in need of help. He has also served as 
attorney for the society for the prevention of cruelty to children 
and the society for the prevention of cruelty to animals, and has 
been a liberal contributor to all charities and to churches, without 
regard to creed. The sum of the benefactions of this man will 
never be known. Thomas Francis ]\Iaher is at this writing serving 
his fourth term as judge of the second city court, Algiers, but 
"Tom" is still ready, as ever, to step into any breach where the 
services of a man or councilor are needed among liis neighbors, 
believing firmly in the golden rule, and "practicing Avhat he 
preaches." In political affiliation Judge Maher is independent, or, 
in other words, in the middle of the road. In 1889 he was married 
to Miss Annie Ruperts. At this writing he is about 60 years of 
age. 

Mainegra, Robert James, Jr., M. D., New Orleans, was born at New 
Orleans, La., Dec. 8, 1S82 ; son of Robert James and Caroline IMary 
(Broderiek) Mainegra, the former of whom was born at Castle De 
Aro, Spain, 1842, and the latter at New Orleans, and now deceased. 
The father came to America when a young man, and located at 
New Orleans. His literary or academic education had been com- 
pleted in Spain before his departure from that country. Shortly 
tplloM'ing his arrival in New Orleans, he entered the New Orleans 
school of medicine, now the medical department of Tulaue uni- 
versity, and graduated from that institution in 1870. From that 
date until the time of his retirement from general activities he 
was engaged in practice in New Orleans, this period embracing 
more than 40 years of professional service. He was employed by 
the U. S. government in the work of stamping out yellow fever at 
Vera Cruz, Mexico. Robert James, Jr., received his early educa- 



BIOGRAPHICAL 281 

tion in the public schools of New Orleans, later entering Dyer 
Sary academy, from which he graduated in 1900. The same 
year Centered the medical department of Tulane university and 
in the course of his medical education served 1 year as externe at 
the New Orleans charity hospital and 1 year as interne at the 
mireveport charity liospital— 1903-04-graduating in 1906. Fol- 
io vLg'^^S. graduafion he visited the hospitals of Washington, Chi- 
cago New York, Boston and Cambridge. After completing this 
Lt!r observation and study he returned to New Orleans, where 
he has since been continuously engaged in practice. He has be n 
visiting surgeon at the chanty hospital since 1910, and \^omJhe 
W of the reorganization of the institution has been assistant to 
D'chassagnac in the genito-urinary departmcn be.ng a so c^on^ 
nected with the genito-urinary service of the oi tdooi clmK. the 
work done in the genito-urinary department of the charity hospital 
Ts under the auspices of the polyclinic of Tulane university. Dr. 
Sdneg'a'i" a member of the'orleans Pansl. the Louisiana^ ^at^ 
and the American medical associations. Politically, he is affiiiatea 
Tifh the Democratic party. Nov. 2-1, 1908 Dr. /Ia"-f- ^^^ 
married to Miss Louise Merz, daughter of Va entine and Anna 
Merz of New Orleans. They have 1 child-Cyril Merz Mamegra. 
Manson James J., of Manson Brothers, salt importers, was born 
in^e'Sl-lers Oct. 19, 1859, the son of Cl-rles Manson^ a nat^ 
of Ballymena, Ireland, who came to America, first locating in PhU 
«dplnhia and removed to the Crescent City about 184b. At T lie 
?fme of loca tng" ere, he took up the salt business and remained 

are living He «a. ed„catea at Belleview co lege near Lyuct 

Upon he death of his father in 1880, he severed this eonnec on 
and entered the employ of Jackson & Manson, uncle and brother 
?n ih? salt business,'as'cashier and bookkeeper e-tinuing m this 
capacity until 1887. In that year he bought out Mr. Jackson s in 
tere't an formed a partnership with his brother Kobcrt, under 
he firm name of Manson Bros. Upon.the death of Robert in 892 
another brother, David J., was taken m as a P^rt^^vf" ^^'i'^'i^';;',' 
ness continued as before under the same name of M<'"-on Bros., 
which today is one of our oldest and best-known salt firms. i\li. 
Man on has come to be one of the influential figures in the com- 
meSu'of the city and among the many act.vitie^ ^ .f^rsW^ 
his attention, besides that already mentioned are, a direetorslnp 
fn the New Orleans National bank, and large interest in real estate 
companies. He married, in 1893, Miss Adrian Campbell dauglr 
of Mr William Campbell, of New Orleans. Mr. and Mi-s Man- 
son have 1 son, James J. Manson, Jr., and 1 daughter, Lucille. Mr. 



282 LOUISIANA 

MaBson is a member of the Country eliil), the Southern Yacht club, 
and the I\Iystic organizations. 

Louis H. Marrero, of Amesville, La., the present efficient sheriff 
of Jefferson parish, was born near Kingston, Adams county, Miss., 
July 17, 18-17, and is a son of Bastian A. and Lydia Ann (Swayze) 
]\Iarrero, who were born in St. Bernard parish, La., and Adams 
county, Miss., respectively. Bastian A. Marrero was reared on a 
farm and educated in the common schools, after which he followed 
overseeing for some years in St. Bernard and Plaquemines par- 
ishes. While yet a single man, about 25 or 26 years of age, he 
went to Adams county. Miss., where he married a Miss Phipps, who 
bore him 1 child, a girl, both mother and child dying in less than 
2 years. He engaged in merchandizing in Natchez until 1855 when 
he removed to Concordia parish. La., and followed cotton plant- 
ing until 1862, when he removed to Franklin parish ; later to Oua- 
chita parish, near Monroe, and finally, in 1867, to his native par- 
ish. He removed to the parisli of Jefferson in 1881 with his son, 
the subject of this sketch, where he died in 1884, at the age of 76 
years. His parents were Spaniards, who many years ago came 
to America and settled in St. Bernard parish, La., where they spent 
the remainder of their lives. The mother of the subject of this 
sketch died in Concordia parish, in 1857. She was the eldest daugh- 
ter of Lewis H. Swayze, a cotton planter of Adams county. Miss. 
The union of Mr. Marrero and Miss Swayze, which took place in 
1816. resulted in the birth of 5 sons : Louis H., Alonzo, William F., 
who died in childhood; Eugene C, Dr. Frank G. Louis H. Mar- 
rero received the principal part of his education in Potter's pri- 
vate school and the preparatory department of Centenary college 
at Jackson, La. In 1862, when but 15 years of age, he joined Com- 
pany C, 25th La. infantry, and fought at Farmington, Corinth, 
was with Bragg 's army in Kentucky and Tennessee, Murfreesboro 
(where he was wounded), Jackson, Miss.; Perryville, Chickamauga, 
]\Iissionary 'Ridge, being captured in the last-named engagement 
on the 25th of November, 1863, and until March, 1865, was impris- 
oned at Rock Island, 111., when he was taken to Richmond and pa- 
roled. In 1867, he came to St. Bernard parish, and in 1869 was 
married to Miss Elodie, daughter of Antonio and Eugenia (Serpas) 
Marrero, natives of St. Bernard parish. They have 3 sons, named 
Leo A., William Felix, and Louis H., Jr. They have given their 
sons every advantage and have the satisfaction of knowing that 
these advantages have been appreciated and improved. Mrs. Mar- 
rero 's father, Antonio Marrero, was a prominent planter at the 
time of his death, in 1878. He was sheriff of St. Bernard parish 
for some years, and was a member of the Secession convention. 
Upon the opening of the war he organized a regiment, of which 
he was made colonel, but did not enter the service. Since the war, 
Louis II. IMarrero has devoted his attention to planting and mer- 
chandising and since 1881 lias followed this calling in Jefferson 
parish. Always a faithful and consistent Democrat, he has been 
active in helialf of his party, and as a reward of merit has been 
chosen by those who know liim best to the following offices : I\Iem- 
ber Jefferson parish police jury, 1883-1896 ; president from 1884- 



BIOGRAPHICAL 283 

1896, with exception of year and a half; member of state senate, 
1892-1896; member Lafourche levee board, 1892-1896; elected sher- 
iff in 1896, and now serving fifth term of 4 years each, wliieh ex- 
pires in 1916 ; member of constitutional convention of 1898. In 
addition to his many other activities, he is president of the Jeffer- 
son Commercial & Savings bank, Gretna, La., and president of the 
Marrero Land & Improvement association, limited, which has done 
great work in the upbuilding of Jefferson parish. He is a Catholic 
in his religious faith, and is a member of the soldiers' organization 
known as the "Army of Tennessee." Mr. Marrero has long been 
one of the conspicuous»aud dominant figures in the pul)lic life, not 
only of his parish, but also of the state, and his counsel is sought 
on matters of importance by those who know the value of his ad- 
vice and appreciate th equality of his judgment. 

Martin, Edmund Denegre, M. D., F. A. C. S., the son of the Hon. 
John Massie and Emma (Deuegre) ]\Iartin was born March 2:3, 1863, 
at the old family plantation home in St. Landry parish. La. With 
the exception of a few years in Missouri and in Europe while a 
child, and 6 years at college, his early life was spent on the plan- 
tation. There were no schools in his district and he had no edu- 
cational advantages until he was 12 years of age. While a boy he 
learned the blacksmith and carpenter trades from the mechanics 
on the plantation, and at cellege ecpiipped himself as well as possi- 
ble for the profession of mechanical engineer. His education was 
received at St. Charles college. Grand Coteau; Spring Hill college, 
and the University of Louisiana, now Tulane university. From 
1881 to 1885 he assisted his father on the plantation, not having 
the means to continue his studies. In the spring of 1885 he secured 
a position in the railroad shops at Meridian, Miss., where he served 
his apprenticeship as a machinist. This was a mere form, for Avith 
his previous training and college education, he was soon raised to 
the rank of journeyman, and at the end of 6 months was made as- 
sistant to the foreman in the machinery department. This pro- 
motion was of short duration, as he was called home to take charge 
of the plantation owing to the ill health of his father. The old 
home now lost its attractions on account of overflows, which had 
ruined the country and rendered it imhealthy, and in 1887 the 
family removed to Lafayette. While there he formed the acquain- 
tance of the late Dr. Francis S. ]\Iudd and began the study of med- 
icine. In Oct., 1887, he matriculated in the medical department of 
the University of Louisiana. In Nov., 1888, lie was appointed to 
fill a vacancy for 2 montlis on the interne staff of the charity hos- 
pital. He entered the competitive examinations in Feb., 1889, and 
was one of the successful candidates, serving until April, 1891. In 
January of that year he was offered the position of resident physi- 
cian of the Women and Children's Hospital and Training School 
for Nurses. This institution had just been organized for the pur- 
pose of training young women in the profession of nursing. The 
position of resident physician was created at the suggestion of Dr. 
F. W. Parhara and tlirough his influence, Denegre Jfartin, not yet 
a graduate, was appointed to fill it. Through the courtesy of Dr. 
Miles, house surgeon of the charity hospital, he was allowed to 



284 LOUISIANA 

perform such duties as were required of him at the new institution 
until he graduated in April. The Women's hospital was short- 
lived. In 1892 it failed and was bought in by a stock company of 
physicians organized by Dr. Martin and the medical staff of the 
Women's hospital. It then became the New Orleans Sanitarium 
and Training School for Nurses. Jan. 11, 189-4, Dr. Martin married 
iliss Emma Butts, granddaughter of Dr. Warren Stone, and the 
daughter of the. late John F. Butts, to whom 7 children were born. 
Through the friendship of Dr. Parham, he was appointed to the 
chair of minor and clinical surgery in the New Orleans Polyclinic, 
and in 1906, on the resignation of Dr. Parham, was elected to the 
chair of general surgery. In 1906 a partnership was formed be- 
tween Dr. Parham and Dr. Martin, and since that time their prac- 
tice has been confined exclusively to surgery and gynecology. Dr. 
IMartin is also chief surgeon for the Queen & Crescent lines south, 
including the New Orleans & Nortlieastern, the Vicksburg, Shreve- 
povt & Pacific, and the Alabama & Vicksburg R. R. He has al- 
ways taken an active part in the advancement of his profession. In 
1901 he was elected president of the Orleans parish medical so-^ 
ciety, in 1908 president of the state medical society, and is also a 
member of the charity hospital alumni association, the association 
of railroad chief surgeons, the American medical association, the 
Southern surgical and gynecological association, the Southern med- 
ical association, and the Louisiana railway surgeons' association. 
He is also one of the charter members of the American college of 
surgeons. June 21, 1913, the degree of LL.D. was conferred on 
Dr. ilartin by St. Charles college. 

Martin, George Armand, M. D., mayor of the city of Lafayette, 
parish of Lafayette, La., is a distinguished member of a family 
that has been identified with the best interests of the parishes of 
Lafayette and of St. Martin, since the latter part of the 18th cen- 
tury, when Claude Martin, paternal great-great-grandfather of 
Hon. George Armand Martin, emigrated with a large company of 
Acadians from Nova Scotia to southwestern Louisiana, and set- 
tled on the Bayou Teche. He married Marie Babin, in St. ^lartin 
parish, and they were the forbears of a long and honorable line 
of descendants who have made their mark as farmers and planters, 
many of whom occupied public positions of trust and prominence. 
The records of the Martin family show that an ancestor, great- 
great-great-grandfather of Hon. G. A. Martin, emigrated from 
France to Acadia, Nova Scotia, in 1632, with 40 families; that be- 
cause of eminent services rendered the French government, he was 
given a title of nobility, and large concessions of land, and was 
thereafter known under the name of Mathieu de St. Martin, and 
died in Acadia. It was his son, Claude, who came to St. Martin 
parish with the Acadian exiles. Valery, son of Claude, was the 
father of Plaeide, whose son, Omer, was the father of Hon. George 
Armand IMartin, the subject of tliis sketch, who was the fourth of 
9 children, six of wliom are living: 6. W. Martin, M. D., of Ar- 
naudville. La. ; Dr. F. R. Martin, a physician, of Crowley, La. ; 
Mrs. Eva Horace, Mrs. Theolinde Gillard, Dr. J. A. Martin, a den- 
tist, all three residing at Lafayette ; and lion. George Armand Mar- 



BIOGRAPHICAL 285 

tin, who was born in St. Martin parish, April 23, 1861, the son of 
Oraer, and Elise (Estilette) Martin, botli natives of St. Martin par- 
ish. He was educated in tlie private and public schools of his na- 
tive parish, and at Hiawassee college, Tenn., (1879-1881) gradu- 
ating with the degree of bachelor of science. In 1885, he entered. 
Tnlane university, as a student in the medical department, and 
graduated in 1887. Immediately after receiving his diploma. Dr. 
]\Iartin began the practice of his profession at Aruaudville, parish 
of St. Landry. He was a member of the Louisiana state legislature 
of 1888, that provided for the abolition of the Louisiana lottery, 
reduced passenger railroad fares from 5 cents to .S cents, and en- 
acted the law compelling separate accommodations for negroes 
on railroad trains. In 1891, Dr. Martin took a course in pharmacy 
at Tnlane, and returning to Arnaudville, practiced medicine, and 
operated a drug store in partnership with his brother. Dr. G. W. 
Martin. He removed to Lafayette City in 1893, where he has ever 
since been engaged in general practice, but devoting himself more 
particularly to olistetrics. Dr. Martin soon acquired a reputation 
in his profession in Lafayette parish, and won the esteem and confi- 
dence of the people through the active interest he took in public 
affairs. Always a Democrat, he was often elected to prominent 
public offices — 3 times a member of the city council, 3 years on the 
parish school board, and in 1909, elected mayor of Lafayette City 
by the largest majority ever received by any candidate for that 
.office. Dr. Martin was a candidate for the legislature in 1908 
against Maj. Paul de Clouet, the vote resulting in a tie, in the 
primaries, but the contest did not go beyond, as Dr. Martin with- 
drew in favor of the election of Maj. de Clouet. In 1913 the election 
for mayor terminated in the unanimous popular selection by the peo- 
ple of Hon. George Armand Martin to succeed himself in a public 
office which he had so ably tilled. During his administration 
(1909-1913) many important public improvements were made in 
the city of Lafayette, such as the laying of cement sidewalks, and 
it was while he was a member of the city council tliat the high 
school, the industrial school and the municipal power house were 
constructed, and that the main street of Lafayette was widened. 
In religion. Dr. Martin is a Catholic, and in fraternal orders he is 
a member of the Knights of Columbus and of the Elks. Jvily 16, 
1892, occurred the marriage of Hon. George Armand Martin and 
Miss Eliza IVIartin, of Lafayette parish, the daughter of Valsin 
Martin, a cousin of Omer Martin. From that matrimonial alliance 
3 children were born, Michael, Dora and Stanley. 

Martin, Dr. John G., M. D., successful physician and president 
of the Louisiana state board of medical examiners, was born at 
Toronto, Canada, Dec. 12, 1863; son of Prof. John W. and Grace 
(Morgan) Martin, both of whom were natives of Ireland and were 
there married. Prof. Martin, the father, went from Ireland to Can- 
ada as professor of mathematics at the University of Toronto, in 
the year 1858, and there remained in that capacity until the time 
of his death in 1865. He was a graduate of the University of Dub- 
lin, from which institution he received the degree of LL. D. After 
the death of the father the mother returned to Ireland, where she 



286 LOUISIANA 

passed the remainder of her life. She died in 1907. To Prof, and 
Mrs. Martin 8 children were born, namely : Dorothy, who now 
makes her home in Kome, Italy; William J., resident at Lake 
Charles, La. ; Thomas Morgan, M. D., a practicing physician of 
Sidney, Australia ; James A., died in West Australia ; Ann, now the 
wife of Frank Leet, assistant secretary of the Bank of Dublin, Ire- 
land; Grace, wife of W. H. Yeates, district inspector in the Royal 
Irish Constabvilary stationed at Athlone, Ireland; John G., the 
subject of this sketch, and Charles, who died in Hong Kong, China, 
where he was engaged in the practice of medicine. John G. ilar- 
tin received his earlier instruction in private educational institu- 
tions of the locality in which he was born. After the death of his 
father, he returned with liis mother to Ireland, in 1865, where he 
attended the University of Dublin during 3 years. He then re- 
turned to America, but after about 6 months' residence went to 
Australia with a brother, remaining in that country until 1886, 
when he again returned to America and became a student at Dart- 
mouth college, from which he graduated with the degree of il. D. 
in the class of 1890. Shortly thereafter he came south and located 
at Lake Charles, La., where he has since resided and devoted his 
abilities to the practice of medicinCj and with results in every way 
most pleasing. The doctor is a member of the Calca.sieu parish 
and the Louisiana state medical societies, the American medical 
association, Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, and Knights 
of Honor. He is affiliated with the Episcopal church at Lake 
Charles, is president of the Louisiana state board of medical exam- 
iners, and holds a commission as first lieutenant Medical Reserve 
Corps, IT. S. A. Aug. 6, 1887, Dr. Martin was married to Miss 
Lydia Smith, a nativt5 of Australia and a daughter of Lieut. Smith 
of the 99th regiment of the British army. Lieut. Smith was a native 
of England. His wife's maiden name was Letitia Ross. Both are 
now deceased. The father died in New Zealand of typhoid fever 
contracted in the course of the operations of his command. To 
Dr. and ^Mrs. Martin 6 children liave been horn, namely : Thomas 
William, a student of Tulane university ; Allen, now a student of 
the medical department of Tulane university; Charles, Grace, Sarah 
and John G., Jr. The four last-named are now resident at the 
parental home. 

Martin, Wade 0.. sheriff of St. Mai'tin parish. La., was born at 
Arnaudville, St. Landry parish. La., March 4, 1885. His father, 
Dr. Gregory William Martin, was born at Breaux Bridge, St. Mar- 
tin parish. La., in the year 1856, and was educated at the parish 
public schools. Later he took an academic course at Louisiana 
state university, and following his graduation from that institu- 
tion, entered the medical department of Tulane university, from 
which, in due time, he graduated with the degree of M. D. After 
the completion of his medical education he began practice at Ar- 
naudville, and has continued in that locality throughout the activ- 
ities of his professional life. He has, however, not allowed his 
professional duties to obscure his vision as to his duties as a citizen. 
He was a member of the state constitutional convention of 1898, 
and previous to this, in 1896, served as captain of one of the com- 



BIOGRAPHICAL 287 

panies of "Regulators," organized for the purpose of purifying 
the suffrage, preventing unintelligent misuse of the ballot, and 
wholesale voting of negroes. The doctor also served for a number 
of years as president of the St. Landry parish medical association. 
The subiect of this sketch was the third of 30 children born to his 
parents,' these, in order of their birth, being as follows : Ilermine 
C, William G., Wade 0., Jeanne E., who died in 1909; Edwin J., 
Frank T., Eveline J., Ida, Georgia and Lennard. The mother of 
these children, Ida (Guilbeau) Martin, was a native of the locality 
in which her husband was born. Her father, Honore Guillx'au, 
was born in Lafavette parish, La., while his father, great-grand- 
father of the subject of this sketch, Adolph Guilbeau, also was 
born in Lafayette parish. The Guilbeau family was Acadian. The 
family ancestors came to Southwest Louisiana from Nova Scotia 
at the time they were exiled, and have been intimately identified 
with the agricu'ltural interests of that part of the state m which 
they live, ever since. Honore Guilbeau has only recently retired 
from a life-long practice as a physician. Ida Thomas, maternal 
great-grandmother of the subject of this sketch, was the grand- 
mother of Margaret Miller, who was captured by the Indians at the 
time of the Jamestown massacre and brought to New Orleans, where 
she was sold to a hotel proprietor. Later she married a Mr. Guidry, 
of St. Martin. She was the first child born at Jamestown, and later 
owned most of the land upon which the town of Jamestown was 
ultimately built. Wealthy relatives in England left the heirs of 
Margaret Miller seventeen millions of dollars, but the family has 
been unable to establish positive relationship through records. 
Wade 0. ]\Iartin, the subject of this sketch, received his earlier 
education at the public schools of St. ^Martin parish. In 1900 he 
matriculated at Louisiana state university. Baton Rouge, and grad- 
uated with the degree of B. S. in the class of 1905. Following this 
he entered the agricultural department of the university, and upon 
graduating from this, entered the service of the Federal govern- 
ment as an entomologist, and during the succeeding year was en- 
gaged in this work in Louisiana and Texas as special field agent. 
At the termination of that period he resigned to accept a position 
with the Louisiana industrial institute, at Lafayette, as professor 
of agriculture and chemistry and commandant of the military de- 
partment. After 1 year in this connection, he resigned to accept 
the management of a large cotton, cane and rice plantation in 
upper St. iMartin parish, where he remained until 1912. in which 
latter year he was elected sheriff of St. Martin parish for a term 
of 4 years, being at this time incumbent of that office. In April of 
1907'siieriff Martin was married to Miss Alice Jfills, a daughter 
of Patrick L. Mills, of Lafayette, and 3 children have been born 
to their union, tlie children being: Leona Alice, Wade 0., Jr., and 
Virgil Murphy Martin. Sheriff Martin is an active member of the 
Democratic party, and has been so since he first began voting on 
election davs. He is also a member of the state Democratic cen- 
tral committee, and of the executive committee. He affiliates with 
the Roman Catholic church, and fraternally, is identified with the 
Woodmen of the World, Columbian Woodmen, Kappa Sigma fra- 



288 LOUISIANA ^ 

ternity and Knights of Columbus. For more complete details as 
to ancestry, see reference to Dr. G. A. Martin, elsewhere in this 
work. 

Martin, Whitmell P., of Thibodaux, Lafourche parish, judge of 
the 20th judicial district court, was born in t)ie parish of Assump- 
tion, Aug. 12, 1867 ; the son of Robert Campbell and ilargaret 
(Littlejohn) Martin. The judge's father, a native of Assumption 
parish, was the son of Roliert Campbell Martin, who came from 
North Carolina to Assumption when a young man and engaged in 
sugar planting. His son enlisted in the Confederate army at the 
outbreak of the Civil war, in 1861, as lieutenant in the 26th La. 
volunteers ; and at the end of the struggle between North and 
South, studied law, practiced his profession for a few years, then 
took up sugar planting, in which he is still engaged. Margaret Lit- 
tlejohn, his wife, a native of Texas, died several years ago. Whit- 
mell P. Martin studied in public schools and under private tutors 
until he entered the Louisiana state university at Baton Rouge, 
from which he graduated in 1888, with the degree of B. S. After 
taking a special course in sugar chemistry for 3 years, and filling 
the position of professor of chemistry (1892-93) in the Kentucky 
military institute, under Col. D. F. Boyd, and studying law in the 
University of Virginia for 1 year, he passed an examination before 
the courts of Virginia and Louisiana, and was admitted to the bar. 
In Assumption parish, Judge IMartin practiced his profession for 
a few months, and then took up his residence in Thibodaux. From 
1894 to tlie present time, Judge Martin has been prominently iden- 
tified with the public affairs of Lafourche parish and of the town 
of Tliibodaux. He was superintendent of schools (1894-1900), dis- 
trict attorney (1900-1904) ; was reelected and still occupying that 
office ; became candidate for the district judgeship made vacant 
by the resignation of Judge L. P. Caillouet, who had been elected 
judge of the circuit court of appeals. By the unanimous votes of 
his fellow-citizens of the district. Judge ilartin secured his elec- 
tion as presiding magistrate, and was reelected in 1908 and 1912. 
When the people of Louisiana went to the polls in Oct., 1913, to 
vote for members of the constitutional convention that was to sit 
at Baton Rouge in November of that year. Judge Martin was the 
choice of his constituents for the important trust of directing the 
framing of the laws of the state. That the people of Lafourche 
are inclined to bestow higher honors upon the distinguished magis- 
trate, it is made evident by their attitude and their high endorse- 
ment of the judge's candidacy, should he enter as candidate for 
the T^. S. house of representatives. One of the leading newspapers 
of Thibodaux, the "Comet," supporting Judge ilartin as a suit- 
able and popular candidate, said: "Conservative thought is grad- 
ually centering upon the possibility of Judge Whitmell P. Martin 
becoming a candidate for the nomination, believing that if he can 
be induced to give up the office of judge of the 20th judicial dis- 
trict, which he has held with marked distinction during the last 
6 years, and enter the arena of politics, he would easily win the 
nomination. A careful analysis of tlie political situation in the 
3d district shows that Martin would be an easy winner, should he 




Id hi II, I'll M ATAS, ,M. I ). 



BIOGRAPHICAL 289 

choose to enter the race for the Democratic nomination. He wonld 
be the only candidate with the solid support of a senatorial dis- 
trict behind him." In 1896 Judge Martin married Miss Amy Wil- 
liamson, of De Soto parish. They have 4 children: Amy William- 
son, Whitmell P., Jr., Marshall Leigh and Robert Campbell. The 
judge is a member of the Episcopal chiirch and vestryman in Thibo- 
daux, and is affiliated with the Masons (32nd degree), the Shriners, 
the Elks, the Order of Eagles and the Louisiana state bar associa- 
tion. 

Mason, Sam W., prominent abstractor of land titles, real estate 
operator and civic leader, Shreveport, La., was born in Fulton, 
Mo., Feb. 2, 1883, and is a son of W. W. Mason and Elizabeth 
Wherritt ]\Iason, both of whom are members of prominent Kentucky 
and Virginia families. The subject of this sketch is the eldest of 
6 children, all of wliom reside in Shreveport with their parents, 
except 1 son in Texas. Mr. IMason received his education in Har- 
risonville and Kansas City, Mo., and shortly after completing same, 
became interested in the land title business. He studied law in 
Independence, Mo., specializing on real property and abstracts 
of land titles, later becoming connected with the title department 
of the Fidelity Trust Co. of Kansas City, where he remained until 
June, 1907, resigning to become secretary and manager of the 
Caddo Abstract Co., Ltd., of Shreveport, being advanced to the 
presideucey of the same company in the spring of 1909, which 
position he" still holds. He is also president of the Bossier Abstract 
Co. and the Hanszen Mason Realty Co., and is secretary-treasurer 
of the Shreveport Country Home association, and has large inter- 
ests in the Caddo oil field. Mr. Mason also takes an active part 
in the civic affairs of his adopted city, being a director and mem- 
ber of the executive committee of the chamber of commerce._ He 
is vice-president of the Shreveport golf and country club, president 
of the Rotary club, and of the State Line fishing and hunting club 
and an active worker in Masonic circles, being a member of both 
York and Scottish Rites and the Shrine, and Avhile primarily a 
business man, he is always willing to lend his siipport to any wor- 
thy movement looking to the upbuilding of his state and city. 

Matas, Rudolph, eminent physician, surgeon, and author profes- 
sor of surgerj^ of the Tulaue university of Louisiana, was born at 
Bonnet Carre, St. John the Baptist parish, 28 miles from New Or- 
leans, La., Sept. 12, 1860. He is the son of Dr. N. Hereu and The- 
resa Jorda (Ponsjoan) Matas, both natives of the province of Ge- 
rona, Spain, and descendants of old Cataloniau families. Dr. N. 
Hereu Matas was a graduate of the University of Barcelona, a licen- 
tiate of Madrid and of the New Orleans School of Medicine. He 
devoted himself to ophthalmology, and studied this specialty in 
Paris, where he was a pupil of De Wecker and Galezowski. When 
about 4 years of age, the son accompanied his parents to Spain and 
France, " and in this way obtained his elementary education in 
Europe. Returning with his parents to America, his English edu- 
cation began in 1868 in the public schools of Brownsville, Tex., 
where his father had established himself in practice. Subsequently 
he took a 3 years' course in the literary department of Soule col- 
III— 19 



290 LOUISIANA 

lege, New Orleans, returning again to the ^lexican frontier, where 
he was graduated with honors from the Institute of St. John, Mat- 
amoros, Mexico, in 1876. He matriculated in the medical depart- 
ment of Louisiana ' state university (now Tulane university) in 
1877, and was graduated M. D. in 1880. He served 2 years (1878- 
80) as an interne in the charity hospital of New Orleans. While 
an undergraduate he was appointed medical clerk to the Yellow 
Fever Commission appointed by the National Board of Health to 
investigate yellow fever in Cuba in 1879, this commission consist- 
ing of Dr. Stanford E. Chaille, George il. Sternberg, John Guiteras 
and Col. W. J. Hardee. In 1882 he was called by the city authori- 
ties of Brownsville, Tex., and Mier, Mexico, to aid in suppressing 
the yellow fever epidemics that prevailed on their frontier. Dr. 
Matas was appointed medical inspector for the National Board of 
Health in 1881 and was given charge of the quarantine station at 
Vicksburg, iliss. He since has held the following commissions: 
Visiting surgeon to the Charity hospital of New Orleans since 1880, 
demonstrator of anatomy in the medical department of Tulane uni- 
versity from 1885 to 1894, professor of surgery in the same institu- 
tion since 1894, professor of operative surgery and applied anat- 
omy in the New Orleans polyclinic (now the graduate department 
of Tulane imi versify) from 1888 to 1895, and subsequently Emer- 
itus professor in the same school, professor of anatomy in the New 
Orleans training school for niirses from 1889 to 1894, lecturer at 
the post-graduate school and hospital in Chicago in 1893, senior 
surgeon to the Touro infirmary. New Orleans, since Dec. 9, 1906 ; 
consulting surgeon to the eye, ear, nose and throat hospital since 
1895. He is a member of the New Orleans medical and surgical 
association (president in 1886), merged since into the Orleans 
parish medical society; Louisiana state medical society (president 
1894-5) ; American medical association (chairman of the section 
of surgery and anatomy 1907-8) ; association of American Anat- 
omists; Fellow of the American surgical association (vice-president 
1901, president 1910) ; Fellow of the American society of clinical 
surgery (vice-president 1909) ; Fellow of the Southern surgical and 
gynecological association (president 1911) ; association of I\lilitary 
Surgeons; Societe Internationale de Chirurgie (Brussels); hon- 
orary president surgical section of the first Pan-American medical 
congress, held in "Washington, D. C, 1893 ; vice-president for Lou- 
isiana second Pan-American medical congress, Mexico, 1896 ; mem- 
l)er and director of the national association for the Study and Pre- 
vention of Tuberculosis (chairman of the section of surgery, Wash- 
ington, D. C, 1909) ; member American society of Tropical iledi- 
cine (vice-president 1908 to 1911, inclusive,) ; editor New Orleans 
Medical and Surgical Journal, 1883 to 1895 ; Jerome Cochran lec- 
turer, Alabama state medical association, 1911 ; first lieutenant 
U. S. army reserve corps since 1909. In New Orleans he is a mem- 
ber of the New Orleans Academy of Sciences, Boston and Round 
Table clubs, the Art association, the Louisiana Historical associa- 
tion, etc., etc. Dr. IMatas is at this time vice-president of the Amer- 
ican College of Surgeons, which was organized in 1913 at Wash- 
ington, D. C, and was one of the speakers (by invitation of the 



BIOGRAPHICxVL 291 

surgical section) at the session of the International Medical Con- 
gress held in London, England, in Aug., 1913, at which he also 
submitted a special report on tlie "Surgery of the Vascular Sys- 
. tern. " Dr. Matas is an extensive contributor to medical and sur- 
gical literature, his articles appearing in such standard works as 
"Buck's Reference Handbook of the Medical Sciences," "Sajous' 
Annual of the Medical Sciences," Keating 's "Cyclopedia of the Dis- 
eases of Children," Hare's "System of Therapeutics," Morrow's 
"System of Genito-Urinary Surgery and Dermatology," Dennis' 
"System of Surgery," Park's "Test -Book of Surgery," Warren & 
Gould's "International Text-Book of Surgery," "Keen's Surgery" 
(vol. v., Vascular Surgery), etc. Among the exhaustive monographs 
that liave been written by Dr. Matas, the following may be men- 
tioned: "Traumatisms and Aneurlisms of the Vertebral Artery," 
"The Surgical Peculiarities of the American Negro," "The Surgi- 
cal Treatment of Congenital Ano-Rectal Imperf orations," "Sur- 
gery of the Chest," "Artificial Respiration by Intralaryngeal In- 
sufflation, with Special Apparatus" (the IMatas-Smyth Positive 
Pressure Pump), "Methods of Local and Regional Anesthesia," 
"Studies in Fractures, Comparative and Statistical," "The Rad- 
ical Cure of Aneurism (by the method of Intrasaccular -Suture— 
Endoaneurismoraphy)," "The Suture in the Surgery of the Vas- 
cular System," "Testing the Efficiency of the Collateral Circula- 
tion as "a Preliminary to the Occlusion of the Great Surgical Arter- 
ies," "Occlusion of Large Surgical Arteries, with Removable JMe- 
taliic Bands to Test the Efficiency of the Collateral Circulation" 
(in collaboration with Dr. C. W. Allen), which have been contrib- 
uted to the transaction of various societies of which he is a mem- 
ber. Apart from his earlier studies in yellow fever and other trop- 
ical diseases, in anatomy, and in experimental surgery. Dr. Matas 
has devoted his best energies to the teaching and practice of sur- 
gery, which he has expounded continuously since 1894 in the med- 
ical department of Tulane university. In recent years he has de- 
voted special attention to the problems related to the surgery of 
the vascular system, more particularly the radical cure of aneur- 
ism, with which his name is especially identified, and to the methods 
of testing the efficiency of the collateral circulation. His original 
procedures and methods in this field are now familiar to students 
of surgery. 

Mathews, Charles S., planter, ^Mathews P. 0. or New Orleans, 
La., was born in West Feliciana parish. La., May 5, 1852; sou of 
Charles Lewis Mathews, who was born in New Orleans, and whose 
father, George Mathews, was a native of Virginia, born near Staun- 
ton. He came to Louisiana under commission of Thomas Jefferson 
as a judge of the Territorial Court of Orleans. After the admis- 
sion of Louisiana to the Union of States, he became a justice of the 
supreme court. His father. Gen. George IMathews, of Revolutionary 
fame, was liorn near Staunton, Va., and died at Augusta, Ga., while 
en route to Wasliingtou on official business. He was governor of 
the State of Georgia after the Revolutionary war, and also served 
2 terms as a representative from Georgia in the national congress. 
The Mathews family is of Irish and Welsh origin. Cluirles Lewis 



292 LOUISIANA 

Matliews, father of the subject of this sketch, was married to Miss 
Penelope Stewart, a daughter of T. J. Stewart, of Wilkinson county. 
Miss., who was a prominent man in the affairs of IMississippi at 
that time, having served as a member of the state senate. The* 
Stewart family is of Scotch ancestry. Mr. and Mrs. Charles Lewis 
Mathews became the parents of 5 children, who grew to maturity, 
three of whom survive at this time, and of whom Charles S. was 
the second born. His boyhood days, of course, were passed at the 
plantation home of the family. In the course of his education he 
attended the Virginia military institute, at Lexington, and after 
leaving that institution returned home to assist in the management 
of his father's large estate, known as the Georgia plantation, and 
upon which Mathews postoffice is located. This plantation, em- 
bracing about 10,000 acres of land and affording residence and 
employment to about 1,300 people, has been the home of the Math- 
ews family about 100 years. These fertile acres are devoted to the 
growth of sugar cane and the conversion of that product into 
sugar, of which many cars are shipped from the Georgia plantation 
with each recurring year. Charles S. ilathews is now the owner 
of this great estate, is also vice-president of the George S. Kausler 
Insurance Co., Ltd., and has various other business connections and 
associations — a man of large aft'airs and extensive operations. It 
should be stated here that Justice George Mathews, grandfather 
of the subject of this sketch, was the first chief justice of the Lou- 
isiana supreme court, and a cotemporai-y of Justice Hall of that 
time. Afterwards his associates were Judges Martin and Porter. 
Judge Mathews was born in Augusta county, Ga., Sept. 21, 1774, 
and died at his home in West Feliciana parish. La., in 1836. 

Mayo, Augustus Mixer, U. S. commissioner and abstractor of 
titles. Lake Charles, La., was born in St. Landry parish. La., Nov. 
4, 1859; son of Claudius and Susan A. (Mixer) Mayo, both of 
whom were born in the same locality as was the son. The father 
followed the profession of a pharmacist. At the beginning of the 
Civil war he enlisted in the 18th La. volunteer infantry, and served 
throughout the war. After the surrender he returned home and 
operated a drug business at Opelousas imtil 1892. While living in 
St. Landry parish, too, he served for a time as minute clerk of court. 
In the latter year he located at Lake Charles and there engaged in 
the fire insurance business. In 1897, he was appointed U. S. com- 
missioner, by Judge Alexander Boardman, ancl served in that ca- 
pacity until the- time of his death, April 17, 1905. His wife died 
in 1877. The paternal grandfather, William Jlayo, was born at 
Norwich, Conn., and came to Louisiana when a young man. He 
married Eliza Smith, at Washington, La., and afterwards engaged 
in the service of the LT. S. government in dredging Bayoii Lafourche, 
making his headquarters at Donaldsonville. He later operated a 
steamboat. His wife was a daughter of John Smith, of Pennsyl- 
vania, who moved from that state to Louisiana and married Eliz- 
abeth Lee, of Washington, the latter state. The maternal grand- 
father, Ezekiel ]\Iixer, was born in the vicinity of Franklin, La., 
and was a son of Ezekiel ]\Iixcr, a native of Chertershire, N. H., 
whence he moved to Cincinnati, 0., and from there went by 



BIOGRAPHICAL 293 

barge to Frankliu, La., wliere he married Celeste Prudhomme, 
whose ancestors were Acadians. The maternal great-grandfather, 
Ezekiel ]\Iixer, served as a soldier in the Kevolutionary army. Au- 
gustus ilixer Mayo is the only survivor of 6 children born to his 
parents. He received his earlier education at a private school con- 
ducted by Calvin A. Frazer at Opelousas. Later he passed i years 
as a student in the Polytechnic school of St. Louis, Mo. While in 
the latter city he also studied pharmacy, with the idea of follow- 
ing that profession. March 1, 1880, he went to Lake "Charles, La., 
looking for a business opening. Here he accepted a position under 
his uncle, Thaddeus JMayo, then clerk of court and recorder of 
deeds and mortgages, as deputy, and went into the oiBce with the 
idea of remaining only a short time. However, he remained incum- 
bent of that position until Sept., 1887, in which year he founded 
his present business — Mayo Title Co. — doing abstract business, and 
which has been successful from the start to the present time. In 
April, 1910 there was a conflagration in Lake Charles, which de- 
stroyed the parish court house with almost all of the public real 
estate records. Mr. Mayo had copies of all of the records in his 
vault at his home, having taken them oft" in the course of business ; 
most of the abstract records having been taken by rectigraph pro- 
cess, which is a photographic reproduction of the original records, 
thereby having a verbatim copy of the court house records. The 
confidence of the public in the records of the Mayo Title Co. has 
been universal and many of the largest financial transactions have 
been passed since the fire and the title came from the Mayo title 
abstract records. Dec. 15, 1887, Mr. Mayo was married to Miss 
Maria Knapp, who was born in the State of New York, but had been 
resident at Lake Charles 3 years at the time of her marriage. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Mayo 3 children have been born, namely : Seman 
A., Claudius H. and Helen. Mr. Mayo is a member of the Masonic 
fraternity and of the Sons of the American Revolution. He affil- 
iates ^wiWi the Democratic party. From 1898 to 1901 he served as 
a member of the Lake Charles school board, and while serving in 
that capacity, he, with his co-director, L. W. Kinney, planted the 
live oaks about the school grounds that have since grown to be 
very ornamental, and for whicli j\Ir. Mayo has continued to care, 
keeping the trees properly trimmed and pruned. In 1905 he was 
appointed by Judge Aleck Boardman as deputy clerk of U. S. 
court for tlie western district of Louisiana, and has remained in- 
cumbent of that office to the present time. At the time of his fa- 
ther's death, in the last-mentioned year, he was appointed by Judge 
Boardman to succeed his father as U. S. commissioner, and he has 
discharged the duties of that commission to the present. He is a 
member of the Lake Charles chamber of commerce, and was the 
first secretary of the Lake Charles board of trade (now defunct), 
serving 10 years in that capacity. He is a stockholder in the Lake 
Charles building and loan association, and in the Lake Charles 
Trust & Savings 1)ank, and is the owner of a rice farm at Lake Ar- 
thyr. In March, 1907, Mr. Mayo was appointed by District Judge 
Miller as probation oificer of the juvenile court, and in June, 1908, 
he was appointed to the same office by the city court of Lake 



294 LOUISIANA 

Charles. In Aug., 1907, with representatives from 16 states, he 
assisted in the organization of the American Association of Title 
Men. In May, 1909, he participated in the organization of the 
abstractors of Louisiana into the Louisiana Association of Title 
Men, and' was elected president of the association at the time of its 
organization, remaining incumlient of the office to this time. Mr. 
Mayo is an active member of the Methodist Episcopal church, 
South, and counts his greatest work that done in connec- 
tion with his church and Sunday school. He has occupied the po- 
sition of a steward and trustee of his church at Lake Charles con- 
tinuously since 1883, and during all of that time has been officially 
connected with the Sunday school work. Since 1892 he has filled 
the position of superintendent of the Sunday school. In 1898-99 
he was president of the Louisiana state Sunday school association, 
and did active field work during that time in visiting Sunday 
schools and holding conventions in different parts of the state. In 
1904 he was delegate from Louisiana to the World's Sunday school 
convention, held in Jerusalem, and while abroad made a tour of 
Palestine and of Europe. At the annual conference of the M. E. 
church, Soiith, in Dec, 1907, he was elected delegate to the first 
conference under the Laymen's Missionary IMovement, held at Chat- 
tanooga, Tenn., in April, 1908. In Dec, 1913, he was elected del- 
egate to the general conference held in Oklahoma in 1914. 
He is vice-president of the State Prison Eeform Association, the 
purpose of which is to assist freed convicts and improve conditions 
in prisons. He is councilor of the national committee on Prison 
Labor. 

Medlenka, Joseph George, attorney-at-law, Crowley, Acadia par- 
ish, La., was born at Houston, Tex., Jan. 11, 1870; son of Anton 
W. and Christina (Bohn) Medlenka, natives, respectively, of Aus- 
tria and Germany. Joseph George Medlenka attended the pub- 
lic schools of Houston, Tex., until 12 years of age, when he en- 
tered the service of the Western Union Telegraph Co., at Houston, 
as a messenger boy. At the age of 15 years he became a telegraph 
operator, and 1 year later was made operator at the station of 
Rayne, La. In the following year he was sent to Crowley, La., as 
agent at that station, for Louisiana Western R. R., remaining at 
this latter post about 5 years. From 1892 to 1896 he was engaged 
in merchandise business at Crowley, and in the latter year was 
elected a justice of the peace. During his business career he had 
applied his spare moments to the study of law, and later studied 
under the direction of P. J. Chappuis. March 23, 1899, he took 
an examination before the Louisiana supreme court, and passed 
very satisfactorily. Immediately following his admission to the 
bar he began the practice of law at Crowley, where he has 
since remained in legal practice. Mr. Medlenka is a member 
of the Roman Catholic ';'hurch and is affilated with the Democratic 
party, in which connection it may be mentioned that he has served 
the people of Crowley as a member of the city council. In 1893 
he took an active part in the organization of the Crowley building 
and loan association, and since 1895 has occupied the office of sec- 
retary of the association. In 1899 he also participated in the or- 



BIOGRAPHICAL 295 

ganization of the Bank of Acadia, at Crowley, and has been a mem- 
ber of the board of directors of this bank from the time of its or- 
ganization. At this time he also is second vice-president of the 
Bank of Acadia. Mr. Medlenka has taken a very active interest in 
all matters concerning the public welfare of Acadia parish, and 
Crowley in particular, and is now president of the Crowley board 
of trade, which office he has held since 1907. In addition to the.se 
various connections, Mr. Medlenka is interested in farmiuK. He is a 
member of the Louisiana State Bar association, and of the Commercial 
Law League of America; also, a member of Louisiana Council of 
American Judicature society for Louisiana, being one of 7 attor- 
neys selected to represent the state of Louisiana in this important 
connection. Nov. 12, 1889, Mr. Medlenka was married to Miss 
Leonie Fremaux, of Acadia parish, and 2 children have been l)orn 
to their union, these being Leonie and Leon. Mr. Medlenka may 
properly be termed a self-made man, and very distinctly so. All 
he has accomplished — and his achievements are by no means small 
— has come about as the logical result of his own unaided efforts, 
and this, 1x)0, with the serious handicap of meager educational ad- 
vantages in his youth. He is a worthy member of that splendid 
and dependable fraternity of American citizens who have blazed 
their way through the wilderness of the multitudinous distractions 
of youth and early manhood with their faces determinedly set to- 
ward the goal of honorable achievement. Mr. Medlenka is now- 
senior member of the law firm of Medlenka & Bruner, IMr. Howard 
E. Bruner, elsewhere referred to in this work, being the junior 
member of the firm, which is generally accorded recognition as 
one among the most able in that part of Louisiana. The firm has 
offices at Crowley, La. 

Bruner, Howard Edwin, attorney-at-law, Crowley, Acadia parish, 
La., was born in Acadia (then St. Landry) parish. La., Aug. 4, 
1881; son of Edwin 0. and Lena (Hampton) Bruner, the former 
of whom was born in St. Landry (now Acadia) pari.sh. La., Sept. 
23, 1859, and the latter in Greenville, Ala. Both parents are now- 
living and the father occupies the position of Louisiana state com- 
missioner of agriculture. The paternal grandfather, Francis J. 
Bruner, was a native of the state of Virginia, and came to Louisi- 
ana previous to the Civil war, while yet a young man. He located 
in what is now Acadia parish, and followed the vocation of a 
planter. His wife's maiden name w-as Lyons, and they were mar- 
ried while living in that part of the state of Louisiana. The wife 
died during the Civil war. Edwin O. Bruner, father of the subject 
of this sketch, was educated at Pontiac, 111., and following his 
graduation returned to Louisiana and was shortly afterward mar- 
ried. He was long engaged in agricultural and mercantile pursuits 
at Rayne, Acadia parish, and is at this time interested in these 
properties. He served the people of his locality during 21 years 
as a justice of the peace and 6 years as a representative in the 
Louisiana state legislature. Following the death of Col. Schuler, 
in 1911, he was appointed to fill the vacancy thus occasioned as 
commissioner of agriculture and immigration, and upon the ex- 
piration of the term for which he was appointed, in April, 1912, 
he was elected to succeed himself for a term of 4 years, and is now 



296 LOUISIANA 

incumbent of that ofBee. Howard Edwin Brunei- was the only 
child born to his parents. In boyhood he attended the schools of 
Convent and Rayne, and later Acadia college, at Crowley. In 1899 
he matricidated at Louisiana state university, and graduated with 
the degree of B. A. in the class of 1903. In the autumn of the same 
year he entered the law department of Columbia university, New 
York City, and did post-graduate work in political science. He 
received his M. A. degree in 1905 and LL. B. degree in 1906. Pre- 
vious to his graduation, in IMay, 1906, he took the bar examination 
before the New York State bar examiners, and was admitted to 
practice in the State of New York. Following his graduation and 
return home, he was examined by 2 district judges and admitted 
to practice in Louisiana. Shortly following this, he began the 
practice of law at Crowley, in 1906, in partnership with Judge Rob- 
ert Montgomery. This first professional association continued dur- 
ing 2 years, and was terminated only because of the removal of 
Judge Montgomery to Virginia. ^Ir. Bruner then formed a part- 
nership with Shelby Taylor, but this continued only a few months, 
following which he practiced alone until Oct., 1912. when the pres- 
ent law firm of Medlenka & Bruner was formed. This firm repre- 
sents some banks, and other important clients, and enjoys a sub- 
stantial and thriving legal practice. Mr. Bruner is affiliated with 
the democratic party, and has filled the position of district attor- 
ney through appointment by Gov. Sanders. He has served the 
municipality of Rayne, where he resides, as a member of the city 
council during some years, and as city attorney since the time of 
his admission to the bar. Though living at Rayne, Mr. Bruner 's 
law firm has offices at Crowley. He is a member of the JI. E, 
church, South, and is affiliated with the JLasonic order and the 
Woodmen of the World. In 1905 Howard Edwin Bruner was mar- 
ried to Miss Elizabeth Stewart, of Greenville, Ala. Mr. and Mrs. 
Bruner have 1 daughter, Elizabeth, born 1906. 

Meraiix, Dr. L. A., M. D., suecesful and well-known practicing 
physician, now health officer of St. Bernard parish, was born in 
Plaquemines parish. La., March 27, 1881 ; son of Jules and Valentine 
(Come) Meraux, the former of whom was a native of Salin Jura, 
France, and the latter of Plaquemines parish, La. Jules Meraux 
came to America in the year 1854, and at once located in Plaque- 
mines parish, where he became engaged in mercantile business. He 
later removed to St. Bernard parish, but there continued in the 
same lines of business until his death in 1909. He is at this time 
survived by his wife, who resides at Merauxville, St. Bernard par- 
ish, La. To their union the following children were born, these 
being, in order of their birth, as follows: L. A., the subject of this 
sketch; Phillip, of the city of New Orleans; Charles, Julia, Emilie, 
xYntoinette, now the wife of Henry Percy Yates ; Claude Jules, now 
a member of the senior class, academic department of Tulane imi- 
versity, and Anatole, deceased. With the exception of the first 
and second-named, all are now resident at Merauxville, St. Ber- 
nard parish. La. L. A. Meraux attended the public schools of his 
birthplace and later entered the Boy's high school (Tulane) at 
New Orleans, from which in due time he graduated. Upon the 





^j 









Jldge Edwin T. ^Iekiuck 



BIOGRAPHICAIj 297 

completiou of his academic education at the latter insjit^ltion, 
he voune man became a student in the medical depar ment ot Tu- 
lane xmivei^ity, from which he later graduated w. li the degree of 
MD After some length of service as visiting physician at New 
Orieansdiarity hospital, he went to London, England, and there 
Sutin 1 yea of work iA the Guy hospital of that city Upon Ins 
?etum to New Orleans he became resident physician at the Hotel 
^•1 l.r. tnl hnt after 1 vear in that capacity, he removed to 
?rabi S?^B rna d ^Z was appointed health officer of that 
palish of which office he has remained incumbent to this time Dr. 
Merea^x is a member of the Catholic church and is affiliated with 
tie Orleans parish medical society and Acorn Camp New Orleans, 
Woodme^ of'^the World. In Feb., 1912 Dr. Meraiix became a mem- 
hpv of the medical reserve corps, U. S. army, and May, iJl-i, av as 
broul into the active list, with rank of first lieutenant, hospital 
.i:'TLT.U ILn. that he is in active service now, and subject to 



; rrt^e witrMrAnUa Ma'umus,'a daughter of Joseph and 
Marv rSoidf) Maumus, of St. Bernard parish, La. Mrs. Meraux s 
Sr is pre ident of the Bank of St. Bernard and is largely inter- 
ested in r^eal estate. No children haVe been born to Dr. and Mrs. 

^^Merrick Edwin Thomas, lawyer and jurist, was born at Wilbra- 
ham Mass Jul V 9, 1808, and died at New Orleans, La., Jan^ 12, 
1897 He wa one of 3 sons of Thomas and Ann Brewer) Mer- 
rick His brothers were William W. MeVrick, who l}ved to an ad- 
vanced a 'e on his farm at Wilbrabam, and Dr. Daniel D^ Merrick, 
who aft^r a brilliant professional career in the State of Louisiana 
S m New Orleans of yellow fever during the fearful epidem c 
of 1853 In tracing the ancestry of Judge Merrick, we find that 
lis earliest American ancestor was Thomas Merrick, who was born 
n Walesl 1620 and came to America in 1636 «f became one o 
he original settlers and proprietors of Springfield, Mass. He c ec 
n 1704 and was buried in the cemetery at Springfield. He was 
wice married, his second wife bearing the --/- ^^^^^f^^^^t 
nbeth Tillev by whom he became the father ot Thomas i\ierrick, 
bn in 1663 and dying in 1690, who married Hannah Dumbleton 
and became the father of David Merrick, who married Mary Col- 
ton who bore him among other children a son whom tl-y namcKl 
Jonathan Jonathan ^lerrick became a lieutenant m the KeAOlu- 
Honarrwar and assisted in the capture of t""" -^"'IThLren 
his army. He married Mary Merrick, who bore him 6 children 
mong whom was Thomas Merrick, the father of Judge Em 
TlomL Merrick. Judge Merrick's fathe. died AAdien he --«^™^j'_ 
child and he was reared by his uncle, Samue Brewer, o ^pnng 
field New York, where he received his preliminary education. He 
graduated from Wesleyan academy at Wilbrabam, Mass in 1832. 
He studied law at New Lisbon, Obio, and was admitted to the bai 
S 1833 He practiced law in Ohio until 1838 when he came o Loo- 
Isiana, and established himself at Clinton whence be cam New 

Orleans. In 1854 he was elected judge " ^J'^ 'J Vw^'f^Vtl e ex' 
and in the following year was nominated by the Whigs tor tne ex 



298 LOUISIANA 

alted position of chief justice of the supreme court. He ivas 
elected for a term of eight years, and was serving on tlie supreme 
bench when the war of secession came on. He opposed secession, 
but when Louisiana seceded he recognized the right of the people 
so to decide, and cast his lot with the state of his adoption. He 
was anxious to leave the judiciary and enter the field as a Con- 
federate soldier, but yielding to the views of the bar that he was 
needed on the bench as much as in the field he continued in the 
discharge of his duties as chief justice and was re-elected in 1863. 
On tlie close of the war Judge jMerriek was admitted to member- 
ship in the firm of Race & Foster, of New Orleans, the firm name 
becoming Race, Foster & E. T. ilerrick. A few years later the 
firm name was changed to Merrick, Race & Foster, as a tribute to 
Judge ilerrick, and subsequently became in turn Merrick, Foster 
& Merrick, on the death of Col. Race, and finally Merrick & Mer- 
rick in 1886, Judge Merrick being in partnership with his son, 
Edwin T. Merrick, Jr. In 1871 Judge Merrick published a trea- 
tise on the "Laws of Louisiana and their Sources," which was 
extensively copied and favorabl.y commented in the United 
States and Europe. As chief justice of Louisiana Judge Merrick 
has been ranked as the equal of the great Louisiana historian and 
jurist, Francois Xavier Mai-tin, the first chief justice of the state. 
His was a singular career, illustrious alike for its spotlessness, its 
lofty idealism, its great activity and its masterly learning, both 
literary and legal. His work is more than the lesson of a beau- 
tiful life scanned for a moment and then forgotten. Within vol- 
umes 10 to 16 inclusive of Louisiana annual reports he has be- 
queathed to the bar of this state a permanent and priceless legacy. 
In 1840 Judge Edwin T. Merrick married Miss Caroline E. 
Thomas. _ Unto them were born four children, namely, David 
Thomas, Laura Ellen, Clara and Edwin Thomas Merrick. 

Merrick, Caroline E., was a daughter of Capt. David and Eliza- 
beth (Patillo) Thomas. She was born at Cottage Hall, parish of 
East Feliciana. La., Nov. 24, 1825, and died in New Orleans, 
]\Iarch 29, 1908. Her father was a native of South Carolina and 
a soldier of the war of 1812, settling afterward in Louisiana 
where he became a prominent planter. Mrs. ]\Ierrick was secre- 
tary of the board of St. Ann's Asylum for "Widows for 12 years, 
anci in the constitutional convention of 1879 she with Mrs. Saxon 
petitioned the convention to remove those disabilities which re- 
stricted the independent action of women, and to grant them a 
vote in educational matters, since many were large tax-payers. 
The convention gave them a public hearing, at which I\Irs. Harriett 
Keating, of New York, and ^Irs. Saxon spoke, and Mrs. Merrick 
made the concluding address. Her husband encouraged her to the 
undertaking which resulted in the concession which enabled 
women of 21 years and older to hold any managerial position 
under the school laws of the state. Another constitutional conven- 
tion was held in 1899 and another opportunity was afforded SL-s. 
Merrick and her associates to plead their cause. They begged for 
power to sign notarial acts, to witness wills, to own their own 
wardrobes, to draw their own money from banks without writ- 




(^^^2i^^-i^t,<^ S. ..^^^^^^-v^' 




Edwin T. jMekkick, Jr. 



BIOGRAPHICAL 299 

ten authorization from their husbands, and to exercise municipal 
suffrage. But the convention revoked the concessions granted 
in 1879, and gave in its place only the small privilege of voting 
when a question of imposing taxes came up, a privilege restricted 
to tax-paying women. Mrs. Merrick continued to work for the 
enfranchisement of women in her own state and elsewhere. She 
was made honorary vice-president for life of the Woman's Suff- 
rage association of Louisiana when she resigned the presidency 
iu 1900. For 10 years she was president of the Woman's Chris- 
tian Temperance Union of Louisiana, and was one of the fir.st South- 
ern women to enter the general society of which she became hon- 
orary vice-president. She was the author of published stories of 
pronounced literary merit and of a volume of recollections of her 
own times entitled "Old Times in Dixie Land." She was a notable 
example of what a woman may do when actively interested in 
public and private benevolence, and at the same time maintain 
her position as a leader in domestic circles. 

Merrick, Edwin Thomas, son of the late Judge Edwin Tliomas 
Merrick, was born Oct. 27, 1859, at Merrick, La., and was reared 
in New Orleans. He was educated at Vanderbilt university and 
studied law in the office of his father. He was admitted to prac- 
tice in 1882 and became a member of the firm of Merrick, Foster 
& Merrick, which continued until 1886 -when it was changed to 
Merrick & Merrick, the firm name now being Merrick, Lewis, 
Gensler & Schwarz. Mr. IMerrick is author of Merrick's Civil 
Code and is one of the most prominent attorneys of the South, 
having lately been made chairman of the committee of Southern 
lawyers appointed by the United States circuit court of appeals 
for "the 5th district to undertake a revision of the equity laws. 
He was twice elected president of the Louisiana bar association, 
first in 1905 and again in 1906. In politics Mr. Merrick is an inde- 
pendent democrat, but has never taken any prominent part in 
politics except in the anti-lottery campaign in 1890, when, with 
a number of other earnest citizens he was instrumental in help- 
ing to free Louisiana from that octopus. May 13, 1889, Mr. Mer- 
rick married Miss Katherine, daughter of Col. E. H. Lombard, of 
New Orleans, and they have had four children born unto tliem, 
namely, Laura, Edwin Thomas, Susan and Katherine. 

Mieily, Edmond Francis, C. P. A., educator and proprietor of 
Mielly's business college, was born in New Orleans, La., Dec. 3, 
1872. His father, Vincent Mieily, was born near Lyons, France, 
in 1841 and came to America at the age of 9 years, remaining in 
New York a short time and then removing to New Orleans where 
he continued to reside until the time of his death in January, 
1890. Mr. Vincent ]Mielly taught in the public schools of New 
Orleans for 25 years, studied law and was admitted to practice 
before the supreme court of Louisiana; was a highly educated 
man, proficient in Greek, Latin, French, German, Italian, Spanish, 
and Portugese and had the reputation of being unusually well in- 
formed. He was a member of the Masonic order. His wife's 
maiden name was Anna E. Ferguson, daughter of Charles Fergu- 
son a prominent architect in New Orleans before the Civil war. 



300 LOUISIANA 

From this parentage Mr. lEdmond F. Mielly, the subject of this 
sketch, was born. His youth was spent iu New Orhi-ans and his 
instruction was received from his father until he entered Tulane 
high school in 1886, from which he graduated in 3 years. He 
soon entered commercial life in accounting work, in which capac- 
ity he served as chief accountant and otifice manager for a number 
of large concerns in New Orleans. An interim of 5 years 1895- 
1900 was spent in business college work, afterward returning to 
commercial life, in which he continued until he organized the 
present Mielly 's business college about Jan. 1, 1909. He is now 
(1914) president of the corporation known as Mielly 's business 
college, and is a certified public accountant holding a certificate 
from the Louisiana state board of accountants. Also he is a mem- 
ber and fellow of the American Association of Public Accountants 
and a member and fellow of the Society of Louisiana Certified Pub- 
lie Accountants and was 1st secretary of the latter. He organized 
the Associated Accountants of New Orleans, of which he is past pres- 
ident and past secretary. As to Mr. Jlielly's school, it has grown 
from the first until it now has an attendance of 300 students a 
year. A course in this school will average about six months. Mr. 
Mielly is a member of the Coliseum Place Baptist church ; a dem- 
ocrat in local, but independent in national politics. 

Miller, Capt. Charles Sumner, commanding officer of Second 
Separate Troop, Cavalry, Louisiana National Guard ; also city attor- 
ney of Jennings, Jefferson Davis parish. La. ; was born April 16, 
1886; son of Nelson L. and Katherine (Schmidt) Miller, who 
moved to Cameron parish in 1891. During some time after hav- 
ing located in Cameron parish. Nelson L. Miller, the father, pub- 
lished the "Lakeside Review," a weekly newspaper. In 1896 the 
lather removed to Jennings, La., and there began the publication 
of the "Jennings Record," which later became, and is now, "The 
Jennings Times-Record," a daily and weekly newspaper, and 
the only paper published at Jennings, and of which Nelson L. 
Miller is now editor and publisher. At the age of 5 years Charles 
Sumner Miller located with his parents at Lakeside, Cameroin 
parish, but later removed to Jennings. He received his earlier 
education in the public schools of Lakeside, and later of Jennings, 
La. After graduating from the high school he passed one year 
in the preparatory department of the Louisiana State university, 
following which he matriculated in the College of Arts and Sci- 
ences, Louisiana state university, from which he graduated with 
the degree of bachelor of arts in the class of 1909. Having sub- 
stituted many law subjects during the junior and senior years in 
the academic department, he received from the law department 
of the same university the degree of bachelor of laws about one 
year following his graduation from the academic department, 
June 1, 1910. June 7, of the same year he was licensed and ad- 
mitted to practice as attorney and counselor at law in the courts 
of Louisiana. During his senior year in the College of arts and 
sciences of the university, he was president of his class and editor- 
in-chief of the university weekly. The Reveille. He also was 
senior captain and ranking cadet officer of the corps of cadets at 



BIOGRAPHICAL 301 

the university during that year. He was a member of the Garig 
literary society, of the traclc team, and of the board of publishers of 
The Gumbo, the university annual. With the exception of some 
few months' teaching at Louisiana state universitv, where he 
held a fellowship during the terms of 1909-1910, Capt. Miller's 
only employment prior to taking up the practice of law was on 
his father's newspaper. The Jennings Times-Record, above re- 
ferred to, where he learned all departments of practical news- 
paper work, serving in the capacity of editor during 2 years prior 
to entering the State university — that is, from June 10, 1903, 
until Sept. 15, 1905. In June, 1909, he was commissioned a 2nd 
lieutenant in the Louisiana National Guards, and on June 14, 1910, 
was commissioned captain commanding troop B, 1st squadron cav- 
alry, Louisiana national guard, which organization is now known 
as the 2nd separate troop of cavalry of the Louisiana national 
guard. Capt. JHller practiced law at Jennings, La., prior to Dec. 
14, 1911, at which time he removed to Lake Charles, which was at 
lliat time the parish site. He then practiced at Lake Charles un- 
til the new parish of Jefferson Davis was formed and Jennings 
made its parish site, when he returned to Jennings, Jan. 1, 1913, 
where he has since been in practice. May 6, 1913, he was elected city 
attorney of the city of Jennings. The election being by the Commis- 
sion Council. He is at this time incumbent of the office of City At- 
torney. Capt. Miller enjoys a wide acquaintance and general per- 
sonal popularity, and is regarded as one of the rapidly-rising young 
attorneys of that part of Louisiana. 

Miller. William Hugh, principal Lockport high school, Lockport, 
Lafourche parish. La. ; was born at Woodville. Miss., Nov. 27, 1888 ; 
son of J. D. and Martha (Newman) Miller, the former of whom was 
born in Loiiisiana and the latter in Mississippi. The father was a 
planter. He served in the Confederate army, Longstreet's division. 
Twenty-first Mississippi infantry, from the beginning to the close of 
the war. After the surrender he returned home and resumed the 
supervision of his plantation. Some years later he removed with his 
family to Pointe Coupee parish. La., where he now resides. William 
Hugh was the youngest of 5 children born to his parents, all of whom 
are living at this time. He was educated at Jefferson college. Convent, 
La., graduating in 1909 with the degree of A. B. Sept. 1 of that year 
he became assistant principal of the Thibodaux high school and in- 
structor in mathematics in that institution, in which capacity he con- 
tinued until 1911. Being familiar with the French people and their 
customs, he was in 1911 elected principal of the Lockport high school 
and assumed the diities of that position in September of the same year. 
At that time the school building was a frame structure with only 
3 rooms, 3 assistant teachers, and an attendance of about 150 pupils. 
Immediately following his installation as principal at Lockport he 
began advocating the erection of a new school building, and in Jan.. 
1912, the tax was voted for a new high school building to cost $17,000. 
The erection of the building was begun in J\Iay, 1912, and the struc- 
ture was completed and occupied in Jan., 1913. There are 12 class 
rooms and an auditorium, besides ample provision for a commercial 
department. Formerly the institution was a grammar school. It is 



302 LOUISIANA 

now a high school, with 9 instructors, including the principal, and an 
attendance of about 250. The new building is modern in every detail, 
having steam heat and lighting equipment. In the arrangement of 
this building particular care was exerted to give as much light as pos- 
sible to each room. The auditorium has a seating capacity of 250. 
July 27, 1910, Prof. Miller was married to Miss Annie Roberta Evans, 
of Peoria, III, a graduate of the Peoria conservatory of music. They 
have 2 children, William H., Jr., and Annie Roberta. Prof. Miller is 
a member of the Louisiana State Teachers association and of the 
Roman Catholic church. He is entitled to much credit in connection 
with voting the tax for the Loekport high school building, and also 
with the planning and erection of the structure, which is in every way 
most admirably adapted to the purposes for which it was designed, 
and will so serve for many years. 

Mims, Samuel S., lawyer and resident of Alexandria, was born 
in "Webster parish, La., July 30, 1885, the son of David Samuel and 
Eleanor (Stewart) Mims. His father is a native of South Carolina, 
and joined the Confederate army as a private when but 15 years old. 
After the war he came with his father to Louisiana and became a 
planter. He is now retired and resides at Minden. The grandfather, 
David Mims, was also a native of South Carolina, and a planter of 
Louisiana. The Mims are of English descent, and Fort Mims in South 
Carolina is named in lionor of the family. The mother of the subject 
of this .sketch was born in Alabama, the daughter of Douglas Stewart, 
a native of Scotland, and is living at this time. She bore lier husband 
8 children, all of whom grew to matiirity, and one is now deceased. 
Samuel S. Mims is the sixth child of the family, and was reared in 
his native parish. His first schooling was obtained in the country 
schools, and was supplemented by a course at the Louisiana industrial 
institute, Ruston, La., where he graduated, in 1904, in the commercial 
course. From there he went to the Louisiana state university, and 
there graduated in the law department, in 1908, and immediately 
after located in Alexandria and began the practice of his profession. 
He married May 14, 1913, Miss Rita Lisso, daughter of the late Paul 
Lisso, who was president of the First National P)ank of Alexandria, 
and died Nov. 9th, 1911. Mr. Mims is a member of the Knights of 
Pythias, and Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. 

Mioton, Sidney Fitzhugh, M. D., leading ophthalmologist and 
well known citizen of New Orleans, was born Feb. 25, 1874, son of 
John Stevens Mioton, and Georgiana Laiiaux, born Oct. 3, 1846, both 
natives of New Orleans. The Mioton family is of French nationality 
and has been in Louisiana since the year 1742. Pierre Mioton, the 
first of the name to come to America, was a native of Viers, France. 
He married Miss Jeanne Auclaire, of Rochelle, Prance, and they had 
four sons, Jean Baptiste, Aug. 13, 1754; Jean, July 15, 1755; Gene- 
vieve, 1756 ; Jean Pierre, Jan. 3; 1759. Jean Pierre married Catherine 
Bernard Jan.. 23, 1785, and one of their children, Nicholas, born 
Dec. 15, 1791, married Marie Emilie Daram, Jan. 4, 1810. Nicholas 
Mioton served as brigadier of foot dragons, at the battle of New Or- 
leans, in 1815, when the British invaders were defeated by Gen. Jack- 
son. A son of Nicholas and Marie Emilie Mioton was Eugene Fran- 
cois Mioton, born Feb. 14, 1824, who married Odile Malochee, and their 



BIOGRAPHICAL 303 

eldest child was John Stevens Miotou, born Dee. 10, 1845, who married 
Geoi-giana Marie Lanaux, June 3, 1867. The latter are the parents 
of Dr. Sidney P"'itzhugh Mioton. The doctor's father served in tlie 
army of tlie Confederacy. He enlisted June 3, 1863, in the Donaldson- 
ville artillery, commanded by Capt. Victor Maurin. He was at Get- 
tysburg, with Henderson's brigade, and A. P. .Hill's division. At the 
battle of Fort Gregg, near Petersburg, Va., April 2, 1865, he was made 
prisoner and sent to Point Lookout, Md., from which he was released 
June 24, 1865. Dr. Mioton is the fourth of the 6 children. The others 
are, Albert J. ; John Stevens, Jr., Odile M., James C, and Georgiana. 
Dr. Mioton was educated at the Jesuit's college and Durel's college, 
New Orleans; entered Tulane university in 1890, and graduated in 
medicine in 1895. He became first assistant paithologist at the 
Charity hospital in 1895-1901, and was assistant and acting coroner 
of the "Pari.sh of Orleans, 1901-1909. He took special courses in 1897, 
in ophthalmology, at Philadelphia, and after post-graduate studies, 
went to Paris, Prance, for additional instruction in that subject, at 
the Eeole de Medicine. Since finishing his studies in Prance, Dr. 
Motion has been devoting himself to the exclusive practice of ophthal- 
mology. In his chosen calling Dr. Mioton has achieved a pronounced 
success, due to his broad professional attainments and to his agreeable 
personalit.y. He is a member of the Orleans parish, and the Louisiana 
state medical societies and the American Medical association. 

Mire, George J., D. D. S., of New Orleans, was born in St. Mary 
parish, March 13, 1880,, the son of John B., and Emily (Bourgeois^ 
Mire, who wei-e both natives of the parish of St. James. John B. 
Mire is a sugar planter, in which business he has been engaged since 
early manhood. Mrs. Mire died in 1898. Dr. George J. Mire is the 
youngest of the family of 3, namely, Henriette, wife of Edward Feitel, 
living in Harvey, La. ; Emile, a planter, residing at McCall Ascension 
parish, La. ; and George, J., the subject of this sketch. Dr. Mire is 
a graduate of Jefferson college Convent, St. James parish, La., of the 
class of 1899. He began the practice of his profession of dentistry 
after having followed the courses of study at the New Orleans college 
of dentistry in 1902. The doctor is a member of the First and Second 
Districts Dental society; the Stomatological society of the New Orleans 
College of Dentistry, and he is affiliated with the Roman Catholic 
church. November 5, 1902, occurred the marriage of Dr. Mire and 
Miss Alice Annie Rouyer, daughter of August P. and Marie (Bar- 
thelemie) Rouyer. Mr. Rouyer began his business life as a carpenter 
and later engaged in boat building and cistern manufacturing, in 
which he did a considerable trade. Dr. Mire and wife have 2 children, 
Lucile and George J. Mire, Jr. 

Modisette, James 0., successful and prominent attorney, Jennings, 
Jefferson Davis parish, La. — Was boni at the farm home of his parents 
in Webster parish. La., July 27, 1881 ; son of Henry Harrison and 
Anne Eliza (Vaughan) Modisette, both of whom are natives of Geor- 
gia, which state they left at an early age with their respective parents, 
the Modisette family at that time locating in northern Louisiana and 
the Vaughan family in southern Arkansas, the families being only a 
short distance apart. Henry Harrison Modisette, the father, has 
followed the vocation of a planter in Webster parish throughout his 



304 LOUISIANA 

active life. The paternal grandparents, were Judge Samuel and Eliza- 
beth (Harrison) Modisette. Judge Modisette was a successful lawyer 
and served as county judge of Franklin county, Ga. After locating 
in Webster parish. La., however, he devoted his energies to the vocation 
of a planter, and, previous to the Civil war, in which his fortune 
was depleted, was a large land and slave owner. The maternal grand- 
father, William Henry Vaughan, followed the business of a planter 
in Georgia and so continued after having located in southern Arkansas. 
James 0. Modisrtte was sixth of 12 children born to his parents, 9 of 
whom survive at this time, and his education and success in life have 
been brought about entirely through his own unaided efforts. He for 
a brief time attended a country school in Webster parish. La., and 
again, in Columbia county. Ark., he for a similar time attended a 
like school, but so small was the aggregate result of these transitory 
terms of instruction that at the age of 14 years the boy was not able 
to read or WTite with practicable facility. At this time he made 
resolutions to get an education, and studied at home unaided and at- 
tended short terms of country schools taught by Jerome Taylor, Jesse 
Barnard, Bonnie Davis, and Dr. J. C. Walker, until he reached the 
age of 18, when he began, after a time, to sell books, and made some 
money, and soon thereafter he went to Oklahoma to work in his uncle's 
store in Wynnewood, Okla., where he remained but a few weeks. 
Later he managed to enter the high school at Ravia. Okla., and there 
eagerly pursued his studies until he had graduated from that insti- 
tution, following wjiich he became a missionary teacher to the Indians 
in Oklahoma, in the service of the U. S. government. After some 
time in this work he became an instructor in a public school in A)-- 
kansas during one year, and then entered the state normal school at 
Natchitoches, La., from which he graduated in 1905. Following his 
graduation from the normal school, during the school term of 1905-06, 
he occupied the position of principal of the high school at Cheney- 
ville. La., and during the succeeding term, 1906-07, was principal of 
the Campti, La., high school. During the time he was engaged in 
teaching he was also taking a correspondence course with the Univer- 
sity Extension law school and studying law iinder a private tutor as op- 
portunity was afforded. In 1907 he entered the third year senior class 
of the Illinois college of law at Chicago, from which he graduated in 
1908 with the LL. B. and LL. M. degrees. In 1909 this last mentioned 
institution conferred on Mr. Modisette the degree of D. C. L., a distinc- 
tion which he may properly highly appreciate. In 1908 he began the 
practice of law at Little Rock, Ark., but after two months in that lo- 
cation removed to Shreveport, La., and was admitted to practice in the 
latter state. After a few months at Shreveport, in the summer of 
1908 he removed to Jennings, La., where he has since been continuous- 
ly engaged in legal practice, with the exception of eight months passed 
in Los Angeles, Cal., 1912-13, where he was admitted to practice in 
the courts of California. During the time of this stay in California 
he maintained his office at Jennings, La., to which he returned in June, 
1913. Mr. Modisette is married to Miss Zada McDowell, a daughter 
of M. J. McDowell of New Orleans, and one son has been born to their 
union, namely, Marion Harrison Modisette, born Dee. 27, 1911. Mr. 
Modisette is affiliated with the Democratic party, but has never sought 



BIOGRAPHICAL 305 

or desired i^ublic office. He is a memlHT of the Unitarian church. 
During .some time past he has been serving as a member of the Jen- 
nings school board. He is affiliated with the Benevolent and Protec- 
tive Order of Elks, the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, being a 
member also of the Rebekah degree ; the Masonic fraternity — Blue 
lodge and Royal Arch, and the Order of the Eastern Star, of which 
latter he has been Worthy Patron during the past three years. Also, 
he is a member of the Jennings chamber of commerce, the civic league, 
and the Men's Fellowship society of Jeimings. Mr. Modiseite has taken 
post-graduate work at Louisiana state university. He has a large and 
constantly increasing legal practice, and enjoys a most substantial 
and desirable clientele, being generally recognized as a leading and 
able member of the bar of the new parish of Jefferson Davis. As has 
already been stated in different words. Mr. Modisette is distinctly a 
self-made man, having acffuired not only his professional education 
without aid, but even his academic knowledge. Among the people 
of the locality in which he lives he is regarded as a man of sterling 
traits of character — as being not only a capable lawyer, but also a 
citizen both able and willing to ac(|uit himself with conspicuous fidelity 
in every eventuality involving integrity and a sane pei'spectve of the 
obligations of manhood. 

Moise, Hon. Harold A., successful attorney and representative of 
the twelfth district in the Louisiana state legislature — was born at 
Natchitoches, La., Aug. 23, 1879; .son of Judge James Campbell Moise, 
an eminently successful lawyer and jurist of the criminal district 
court of Orleans pari.sh, who was born in the same locality as was 
the son, and who was a son of Theodore S. Moise, a talented portrait 
painter whose work was known throughout the south. Judge James 
Campbell Moise is elsewhere referred to in this work. Harold A. 
Moise, the son, received his earlier education in the schools of New 
Orleans, where his father was at that time a practicing attorney. 
Later he attended St. Louis (Mo.) iiniversity, from which institution 
he graduated with the degree of B. A. in the class of 1899. Following 
the completion of his ■academic education, in the year 1900 he matrii-- 
ulated in the law school of Tulane university, from which he graduated 
with the degree of LL.B. in the class of 1902, and with the honor 
of president and salutatorian of his ela.ss. Shortly after the com- 
pletion of his professional education he established himself in offices 
at New Orleans and there began the practice of law, to which he has 
since devoted his undivided attention, and with well-merited success. 
During some time Mr. Moise occupied the position of assistant dis- 
trict attorney, but found it desirable to resign from this connection 
in order that he might more adequately serve the interests of his con- 
stantly-increasing clientele in private practice. In 1908 he was elected 
a member of the lower house of the Louisiana state legislature, as rep- 
representative of the twelfth district, and served his constituents with 
distinguished ability. In 1903 Mr. Moise was married to Miss Leigh 
Bres, a daughter of Edward Bres. 

Moise, Judge James Campbell, eminently successful attorney and 

jurist, now deceased ; late residence : 1825 Berlin street. New Orleans. 

La. — was born in Natchitoches, La., Jan. 20, 1849 ; and was a son ot 

Theodore S. Moise, a talented portrait painter whose work made him 

III— 20 



306 LOUISIANA 

known throughout the south. The son inherited the father's artistic 
temperament, and was himself an amateur portrait painter of no mean 
ability. James Campbell Moise, the son, was educated at the Christian 
Brothers' colleges in New Orleans and at Pass Christian, Miss. The 
outbreak of the Civil war seriously interfered with the progress of 
his studies, and during four years his pupilage was of the most desul- 
tory nature. During the progress of the civil strife, however, he mada 
use of his time by taking up the study of law, in the oiBce of Judge 
Campbell. At the age of 15 years he entered the service of the Con- 
federacy as a draughtsman in the engineering department, under the 
supervision of Capt. John L. Randolph. After the surrender he re- 
sumed his studies at the Christian Brothers' college, from which in due 
time thereafter he graduated. In 1866 he began commercial life in 
the auctioneer and real estate agency of Nelligan & Nash, at New 
Orleans. During the interim between the latter date and 1875, he 
.successively served in various capacities connected with mercantile 
business, but in the latter year ill health compelled his retirement to 
the country. He then took up his residence in the parish of his na- 
tivity, devoting his time to the study of law and to painting. Whily 
in Natchitoches he became identified with local political activities, and 
from 1876 to 1880 occupied several minor public positions. In 1880 
he was appointed by Gov. Wiltz as assistant adjutant general of the 
fifth district of the state of Louisiana, with the rank of lieutenant 
colonel. In 1884 he was made a clerk in the office of the attorney gen- 
eral of Louisiana, his superior being Hon. M. J. Cunningham. In this 
connection he conducted several important suits in behalf of the 
state, and was brought prominently to the notice of leading attorneys. 
When his term in this office had expired he engaged in the private 
practice of law at New Orleans, and during this period was associated 
in partnership practice with some of the most brilliant attorneys of the 
time. He served as one of the referees appointed during the historic 
contest between Governors McEnery and Foster, in 1891-92, represent-, 
ing the Poster faction on the committee of seven which canvassed the 
returns of that noted primary election and declared the result. Soon 
after the inauguration of Gov. Poster he appointed James Campbell 
Moise to the bench of the criminal district court of Orleans par- 
ish, vice Judge Joshua G. Baker, whose term had expired. The term 
for which Judge Moise was appointed expired in 1900, and in the 
meantime a new constitution had been adopted, by which the office 
was made an elective one. Judge Moise was unanimously nominated, 
on the democratic ticket, to succeed himself, in the state election of 
April, 1900; he was elected as a judge of the criminal district court 
for a term of twelve years, this term beginning in Nov., 1900. While 
incumbent of this office. Judge Moise died very suddenly, at his home, 
1825 Berlin street, Feb. 11, 1901. He was taken suddenly ill while 
at breakfast, about 7 o'clock in the morning, and died a few minuter 
later. During his service on the bench. Judge Moise presided at the 
trial of a number of cases of absorbing interest, and rendered many 
decisions of far-reaching effect. He was one of the judges commis- 
sioned to collaborate a criminal code for Louisiana. In addition to 
his distinguished attainments as a la\\'^-er and jurist. Judge Moise 
was a man of literary talents, a student and scholar, and his decisions 



BIOGRAPHICAL 307 

were exceptionally strong and clear. His reasoning was sound, and 
he was gifted with the facility, somewhat rare among members of his 
profession, of clothing his logic in strong, clear, and terse language. 
He was a finished Shakespearean critic, and especially admired the 
play of "Hamlet," which he had committed to memory so perfectly 
that he could ((uote it from beginning to end. "With all the plays of 
the great dramatist he was thoroughly familiar, his cultivated mind 
tui-ning to the fountain head of English literature for stimulation 
and recreation. In the year 1873 Judge Moise was married to Miss 
Aline Sompayrac, of Natchitoches, La., and 6 children born to their 
union survive the father, these being, in order^ of tlieir birth, as follow : 
Marie, James, Allyn, Harold, (elsewhere referred to in this work), 
Garner, and Mathilde. Judge Moise was a devout Catholic, and a 
regular commiuiicant at the Jesuit's church in New Orleans. His 
sudden and untimely death was a distinct shock to the people of the 
city, of all classes, but especially to the most intellectual element 
of the population, among which he was held in peculiarly high esteem 
as a man possessed of the rarest gifts of mind and heart. 

Montagne, Hon. R. J., member Louisiana state legislature, mem- 
ber tax commission, 1913, member of the contracting firm of Mon- 
tague Bros., Abbeville, Vermilion parish, La. — was born in Vermilion 
parish. La., July 22, 1881; son of Ernest and Sarah (Creswell) Mon- 
tague, the former of whom was born in Iberia parish. La., and the 
latter in Woodville, Miss. The paternal grandfather, Eli Montague, 
was a native of France, and came to America as a young man. He 
located in Iberia parish and there engaged in mercantile business, 
later marrying Miss LeBlanc, a descendant of Acadian ancestors who 
came from Nova Scotia in 1765. The paternal gi'andfather was a 
resident of Il)eria parish throughout the active portion of his life, 
and died in that locality. Two of the father's brothei-s, Hypolite and 
Eli, Jr., were engaged in the service of the Confederacy during the 
Civil war. The former was killed and the latter wounded. Ernest 
Montagne, the father, en.joyed exceptional educational advantages for 
the time of his youth, and when his education had been completed he 
engaged in farming in Vermilion parish. Later he took up the pro- 
fession of civil engineering, and is at this time surveyor for Vermil- 
ion parish. R. J. Montague attended the public schools of Vermilion 
parish. In 1901 he began business as a general contractor, and has so 
continued to the present time. He took a prominent part in the or- 
ganization of the People's Bank and Trust Co., Jan. 1, 1912, and be- 
came a member of the board of directors of the bank, so i-emaining 
to this time. In Dec, 1912, Mr. Montagne took one of his brothers 
into partnership in his contracting business and since that time the 
firm name has been Montague Bros., general contractors. Hon. R. J. 
Montagne also is extensively interested in farming. Oct. 28, 1901, Mr. 
Montagne was married to Miss Elodo Broussard. a daughter of Alex- 
ander Broussard, and 4 children have been born to their union, name- 
ly: Evelyn. Marion, Emily, and Ernest. Mr. Montagne is a member 
of the Woodmen of the World and Knights of Pythias. He is affiliated 
with the democratic party, and has served the people of his part of 
the state in various official capacities. During 1908-09 he filled the 
position of a member of the Abbeville city council. In Nov., 1912, he 



308 LOUISIANA 

was elected a member of the Louisiana state legislature, and at the 
succeeding session of the legislature was appointed on the following 
committees: Appropriations, health and quarantine, and railroads. 
He also is serving as a member of the state tax commission. At this 
session of the general assembly Mr. Moutagne introduced a measure 
to prohibit parish officials dealing in parish claims, and this became 
a law. Representative Montague is a member of the Good Governmeui 
league and is a strong supporter of the present state administration. 
Mr. Moutagne believes in good government for Louisiana because he 
believes that Louisiana is one of the very best places on earth in which 
to live — that the resourcjes and natural and acquired advantages of 
Louisiana are such as to afford greater opportunities for the proper 
exercise of the talents and endowments of honest and industrious 
men and women than any other section of country on the globe, and 
this being so, it is a sacred duty of those having the power to provide 
such governmental machinery as to enable the people to exercise their 
talents in industry in a free and untrammeled manner. Representative 
Montague himself has given and is giving a most profitable exhibition 
of the doctrines he advocates. He has, entirely through his own efforts, 
always, of course, allowing full credit to the mother for her import- 
ant part in shaping the life of her son, risen fi'om a position of prac- 
tical obscurity to one of prominence and large influence among the 
{jeople who have known him from childhood. He may be properlj^ 
denominated among those valuable characters commonly classed as 
■self-made men — verily and truly, the salt of the earth. These men 
believe in intelligently applied industry and utilization of the ad- 
vantages the creator has placed within their reach, and the fruits 
of their labors are the substantially good and desirable things of this 
Ufe. 

Montgomery, George, of New Orleans, was born in this city, Dec. 
3, 1870. His parents were Charles Augustus Montgomery and Elea- 
nor (Fitzgerald) Montgomery. His father was born also in New Or- 
leans and died at the age of 35 years. He was a son of a Virginian, 
who was the first of his family to come to New Orleans and who was 
a captain of Confederate infantry and killed at the battle of Manas- 
sas. The mother of the subject of this ]H»rsonal sketch was boi*n in 
New Orleans and she died here in 1909 at the age of 65 years. She 
bore her husband three children, namely, George, James T., and Jos- 
eph C. Montgomery. George Montgomery was reared in New Or- 
leans, educated in the public schools, and quit the school room at the 
death of his father to begin the battle of life in earnest. For about 
three years he was employed by a druggist, and at the age of 14 he 
became an office boy for Mr. Benjamin Ory, one of the leading law- 
yers of New Orleans, with whom he remained until he became a clerk 
in the law office of Mr. Felix J. Dreyfous, with whom he remained 
ten years, or till about 1901, since when he has been alone in business. 
He was commissioned a notary public in 1895, and in 1896 graduated 
from the law school of Tulane university. During the administi-ation 
of Gov. Sanders Mr. Montgomery was a member of the state board of 
education, from the first congressional district, and he is at present 
attorney for the recorder of mortgages of the parish of Orleans. Mr 
Montgomery has been active in polities as a democrat since early 



BIOGRAPHICAL 309 

manhood. He is a member of the Roman Catholic church. Beside 
enjoying a constantly increasing practice in the civil law, he has a 
large business as a notary public. He was married in 1899 to Miss 
Alice Gertrude Donovan, a daughter of James H. and Catherine Dono- 
van, of New Orleans. Mr. and Mrs. Montgomery have 4 children as 
follows: George, Jr., Milton James Henry, Charles Nicholas, and 
Alvin Gerard Montgomery. 

Mooney, Henry, lawyer, was born at Hammond, La., Nov. 2, 
187-4, and is a sou of the late Henry Clay Mooney and Harriet V. A. 
Waterman. He was educated in private and public schools at Ham- 
mond, and Tulane univei-sity, New Orleans, graduating from the law 
department of Tulane in the class of '98. He recruited a company for 
service in the Spanish-American war, and this company being con-soli- 
dated with Co. C. of the seventh battalion, afterwards Co. P., second 
Louisiana volunteers, he was commissioned a first lieutenant, serving 
in this country and in Cuba until his regiment was mastered out of 
service at the close of the war. In January 1900 he was appointed 
assistant district attorney for the parish oi' Orleans, resigning that 
office March 1, 1908 to take up the general practice of law. He was 
elected and served as a member of the state constitutional convention 
of 1913. In polities, he is an iinswerving democrat. Following the 
teachings of a devoutly religious mother, Mr. Mooney is a member 
of the Episcopal church aud deeply interested in its work. In Nov., 
190.5, he married Miss Clara Keppler, daughter of Christian L. Kep- 
pler of New Orleans, and they rejoice in 3 splendid children, 2 daugh- 
ters and a son. 

Mooney, Henry Clay, was born in Gilmanton, N. H., April 16, 
1835, and died at Hammond, La., Aug. 19, 1890. Coming south in the 
early 50 's he made New Orleans his home, aud when the Civil war 
came on, he went to the front as a member of the gallant Crescent regi- 
ment, as a private non-commissioned officer, and finally as a commis- 
sioned officer, he fought in every important battle in which his 
regiment took part, including Shiloh, and that series of brilliajit 
skirmishes in north Louisiana under General Dick Taylor. He was 
parolled at Shreveport, La., in the summer of 1865. As a staunch 
democrat he stood shoulder to shoulder with the white men of his 
state during the periloiis days of reconstniction. Shortly after the 
close of the war, he establislied a general merchandise business at 
Hammond, La., which he conducted up to a short time before his 
death. He was also postmaster at Hammond for more than 20 years. 
No more public spirited citizen lived in thait community than he, and 
when the prosperous and growing little city was incorporated, he was 
unanimously chosen as its first mayor. Mr. Mooney was a son of 
Judge Ira Mooney of Belknap county, N. H., and a direct descendant 
of Col. Hercules Mooney, who served conspicuously with Gen. Gates 
at the battle of Saratoga in the War of the Revolution. In 1868 Mr. 
Mooney was united in marriage to Miss Harriet V. A. Waterman, a 
daughter of one of the oldest New England families, the Perrys, and 
a lineal descendant of Miles Standish. She died at Hammond. La., 
Jan. 19, 1913. Of this union 3 children were born, Susan Waterman, 
now Mrs. George C. Neelis, of Hammond ; Caroline, now Mrs. Frank 
E. Neelis, of Hammond, and Henry Mooney, of New Orleans. 



310 LOUISIANA 

Morgan, Henry Gibbes, well-known attorney of New Orleans, 
was born at Baton Kouge, La., in 1843 ; son of Morris Morgan and 
Caroline Hickey, the former of whom was born and raised in the 
state of Pennsylvania, and who, when a young man, came with his 
brother Thomas Gibbes Morgan, to Louisiana, and located at Baton 
Rouge, where they practiced law, both becoming distinguished in that 
profession. Morris Morgan died when his son, Henry Gibbes, was 
only 1 week old, leaving the following children: Morris B., Aurora 
Hortense, Mary, and Henry Gibbes. The wife, and mother of these 
children, was a daughter of Col. Philip Hickey, who married Ann 
Mather, of English descent. Col. Hickey was a pioneer in the sugar 
industry of Louisiana in the first decade of the eighteenth century, 
and bore a prominent part in the affairs of his state at that time. At 
his death, which occurred in 1859, he left two large sugar estates in 
the parishes of East and West Baton Rouge. Upon the death of her 
husband, in the year 1843, Mrs. Morgan returned to her parental 
home, Hope Estate, situated about 5 miles below the cit.y of Barton 
Rouge, where her son, Henry Gibbes Morgan was reared. In the 
eoui-se of his education he attended Springhill college near Mobile, 
Ala., but left before the end of his collegiate course, and returned to 
his home in time to take part in the battle of Baton Rouge, under 
Gen. John C. Breckinridge, and was one of the 5 who carried the 
shattered frame of General, afterwards Governor William Henry 
Allen, from the liattlefield ; thereafter he enlisted in Fenner's Louisiana 
battery of field artillery, and served to the close of the war. After the 
surrender, Mr. Morgan studied law in New Orleans under the pre- 
ceptorship of his cousin, the late Judge Philip Hickey Morgan, and 
was admitted to the bar in the year 1866. Immediately following his 
admission, he began to practice as an attorney at New Orleans, and 
has so continued to this time, standing high in his profession. In 1883, 
he was admitted to practice before the Supreme Court of the United 
States. For many years Mr. Morgan was engaged in sugar planting 
in the parish of St. Charles on the Fairview plantation, where he 
manufactured sugar until the year 1908. In 1871 Mr. Morgan mar- 
ried Laura Frellsen, a daughter of Henry Frellsen, a leading mer- 
chant of New Orleans, in which city their wedding was solemnized. 
Two children were born of this union. Henry Gibbes Morgan and 
Marie Louise Morgan. 

Academy of the Sisters of Our Lady of Mount Carmel, Thibodaux 
Lafourche parish. La. — The school was organized and erected by 
Father Charles Menard, who for more than 55 years had charge of' 
this parish. Mother St. Bernard was the first Superior, and remained 
in charge of the institution for more than 30 years. The school first 
opened Oct. 2, 1857, as a day and boarding school. Unlike many 
other similar institutions, it continued in operation througliout the 
Civil war. The original beU is still in use. During the war Union 
soldiers on one occasion encamped near the school, and shortly follow- 
ing their arrival the strokes of the academy bell resounded through- 
out the vicinity. The officers of the Federal troops su.specting that 
this was done to warn the citizens of the presence of the enemy, de- 
manded an explanation, and were told that the ringing of the bell at 
that hour was customary, but the Sisters were obliged to furnish a 



BIOGRAPHICAL 311 

statement indicating the hours at whicli the bell would ring, and for 
what purpose. Thereafter during the stay of the Union troops the 
academy bell was not allowed to ring except according to the state- 
ment rendered. In those days the Sisters made their own bread, and 
one evening, just as they had completed this task, a regiment of 
Texas troops appeared, tired and Imngry, on their way to the battle- 
field at Lafourche Crossing, and the entire day's baking was turned 
over to the grateful soldiers. Throughout the days of the war the 
Sisters of Mount Carmel cared for the sick soldiers, and during yellow 
fever epidemics they have always volunteered as nurses. The new 
portion of the school building was erected about 1903, but a portion 
of the original old structure is still in use, having been added to and 
modernized. The academy is still conducted as a day and boarding 
parochial school, the attendance usually being about 350 pupils, boys 
and girls, with a corps of Sister teachers numbering from 12 to 15. 
Prof. E. Choi, a graduate of the Paris Conservatory of Music, has 
been the musical instructor, as well as organist in the church, since 
the opening of the institution in 1857. The school has a fine auditor- 
i^im, and is provided with hot air heating apparatus throughout. The 
institution is modern in every respect. The educational course com- 
prises every useful and ornamental branch suitable for young ladies, 
and is similai* to that pursued in the select female schools of Louisuina, 
viz. : Reading, writing, grammar, literature, history, geography, arith- 
metic, the elements of geometry and natural philosophy, botany, chem- 
istry, algebra, book-keeping, and stenography. Music, singing, paint- 
ing, wax flowers and fruits, paper flowers, fish-scale flowers, plain and 
fancy needlework, embroidery, lace-making, crochet work, and tapes- 
try are also taught. Differences of religious faith are not regarded 
in the admission of pupils who are willing to conform to the general 
regulations. Mother Superior Aloysia is in charge. 

Mouton, Felix H., secretary of the Lafayette Building associa- 
tion, city of Lafa.yette, Louisiana, was born in that city, April 6, 
1873, son of Edward Eugene, and Athenais (Vavasseur) Mouton, 
the former a native of the parish of Lafayette, and the latter born 
in Convent, parish of St. James, Louisiana. The Moutons were 
Aeadians, from Nova Scotia, who emigrated to Louisiana in 1765, 
fleeing from British persecution, and settled in Lafayette parish. Ed- 
mond Jlouton, paternal grandfather of Felix H. Mouton, was born in 
Lafayette parish, and was a resident during his whole life; and Eu- 
lalie Voorhies, paternal grandmother of the subject of this sketch, 
was also a native, and life-long inhabitant of the same parish. The 
Vavasseur family have been dwellers in St. James parish for many 
generations. Edward Eugene Mouton was educated at Kentucky col- 
lege. He enlisted in the Confederate army during the Civil war in 
the 18th Louisiana volunteer infantry; was wounded and made pris- 
oner at the battle of Gettysburg, released after 12 days of captivity 
and sent home. The invalid soldier studied law, and was admitted 
to the bar. In 1879 he was appointed to the district judgeship compris- 
ing the parishes of Lafayette and Vermilion, and was occupying the 
bench at the time of his death in 1881, aged 44 years. His widow 
is living at the present time in Lafayette parish with her son. Feli-K 
H. Mouton, whose biogi-aphy is here presented, and who was the 



312 LOUISIANA 

fourth iu a family of 8 children, of whom 5 are living: Francis V., 
Edward E., Adolph A., Rose Irma, now Mrs. W. J. Bienvenu. of St. 
Martinsville, La., and Felix H. Mouton. The latter was educated 
at Mount Carmel convent, in Lafayette parish, and in Sept., 1890 
was employed by the Texas Pacific railroad Co. as car checker in 
various cities, New Orleans, Plaquemiue, Lafayette and Alexandria, 
remaining with the railroad company 6 years. "When he left the 
service he had worked his way up to the responsible position of joint 
ticket agent at Alexandria for 3 railroads. Mr. Mouton had begun 
work in New Orleans with the disadvantage of insufficient knowledge 
of the English language, either in speaking or writing, but he perse- 
vered in studying until he was able to acquire and hold good positions. 
Returning to Lafayette in 1896, he busied himself in looking about 
for some occupation, and in Aug., 1897, formed a copartnership -n-ith 
S. R. Parkersou. in the general insurance business under the name 
of Pai-kerson & Mouton, doing a large amount of underwi'iting and 
being considered one of the most reliable and prosperous iu their line 
at the present time. When, on Feb. 12, 1900 the Lafayette Building 
association was organized, Mr. Mouton, one of its promotere, sub- 
scribed largely to the stock and aided in the expansion of its business, 
and in Sept., 1912, was elected secretary, a place he is still filling 
with much ability. In politics he has always supported the demo- 
cratic party, and from July, 1905 to July 1910 served as secretary 
of the police .jury; from 1910 to 1912, was member of the city 
council. The Knights of Columbus, the Elks, the Woodmen of the 
World, claim him as one of their prominent members. With the 
Knights of Columbus, Mr. Mouton is affiliated as a member of the 
Fourth Assembly degree. New Orleans council. In Nov., 1900, took 
place the marriage of Mr. Mouton and Miss Adele Young, the daugh- 
ter of M. P. Young, a former druggist of Lafayette. 

Mouton, Hon. Fernand, member Louisiana state senate from 13th 
senatorial district, director and vice-president People 'sBank and Trust 
Co., Lafayette: Pres. and Gen. Mgr. Con.sumers' Cold Storage and 
Canning Co., Lafayette, director Home Building and Loan association, 
Lafayette; member of the military staff of tlie governor of Louisiana, 
with rank of major ; lai-gely interested in the planting industry in La- 
fayette parish ; distinguished in connection with the insurance business, 
and prominently mentioned as a candidate for congress: residence, 
Lafayette, Lafayette parish. La. — was born at Breaux Bridge, St. 
Martin parish. La., Oct. 18, 1878; son of Thomas and Anais (Babin; 
Mouton, the father a native of Lafayette parish and the mother of St. 
Martin parish. The father served as a Confederate soldier through- 
out the period of the Civil war, and after the surrender returned to 
his farm home in Lafayette parish, La., where his death occui'red 
Aug. 15, 1910, at the age of 68 years. The mother died in 1884. The 
paternal grandfather, Louis Mouton,, was a native of Lafayette parish, 
a planter and a large land and slave owner previous to the Civil war, 
In 1765 tlie ancestors of the Mouton family in Louisiana came with 
the Aeadians from Nova Scotia and located in Lafayette parish. La. 
The family lias been identified with agricultural pursuits and interests 
throughout its history in Louisiana. On account of straightened cir- 
cumstances resulting from the depredations of the Civil war, Fernand 



BIOGRAPHICAL 313 

Moiiton was deprived of early educational advantages, and when he 
attained his 20th year he was unable to speak English and was em- 
ployed as a farm laborer. At that time the young man awoke to a 
realization of his situation, and determined to make use of his native 
abilities m improving his station in life. He went to the town of La- 
fayette and there found emplojrment as a clerk in a mercantile estab- 
lishment at a very modest salary, but he gladly accepted the place, and 
after some time in this position, during which his slender income was 
handled with the utmost frugality, he was enabled to enter Draughn's 
Business college, at Nashville, Tenn., from which he later graduated 
in the complete commercial course. He then accepted a position as a 
fruit tree salesman, and to this business devoted his best endeavora 
during the succeeding two years, followiug which he located in Lafay- 
ette and there engaged in the life insurance business. From the time 
of his embarkation in this business his progi'ess was phenomenal, and 
within a brief time his sales of life insurance were exceeding those 
of any other agent in the South, and his unusual success had centered 
upon him the attention of the heads of the insurance business. In 
1903 he was selected by the New York Life Insurance Co. as superin- 
tendent of agents at Paris, France. He immediately assumed the 
duties of this responsible position, and after 1 year at Paris returned 
home and was married to Miss Sadie Mouton. In 1904 he went back 
to Paris, France, as agency director at a very handsome salary, but 1 
year later he was obliged to give up this position, which held such 
brilliant future possibilities and return to Lafayette, La., on account 
of his wife's health. In the latter part of that year he resumed resi- 
dence at Lafayette and there reentered the general insurance agency 
business, in which he has since continued to the present time, his 
business growing and expanding constantly at a most surprising rate. 
In 1910 he, with others, organized the People's Bank and Trust Co., at 
Lafayette, Fernand Mouton becoming a member of the board of direc- 
tors of the bank. In 1912 he was elected vice-president of the bank, 
and has remained incumbent of that position to this time. In the 
meantime Mr. Mouton alone organized the Consumei-s' Cold Storage 
and Canning Co., at Lafayette and was elected president of that cor- 
poration, the purpose of which is to manufacture and sell ice, to can 
fruit and vegetables, to maintain and operate a cold storage plant, 
and to engage in general mercantile business; capital stock .$50,000. 
Senator Mouton is the largest stockholder in this company and has 
filled the position of president since its organization. Also, he took 
a leading part in the organization of the Home Building & Loan asso- 
ciation at Lafayette, and is a member of the board of directors. In 
addition to these various important connections. Senator Mouton is 
largely interested in planting. Politically he has been affiliated with 
the democratic pai"ty since the time of casting bis first ballot, and al- 
ready has served the people of his locality and of the state of Louis- 
iana in various capacities, the first of these having been as a member 
of the city council of Lafayette. In 1912 he was elected a member 
of the Louisiana state .senate, and during the ensuing session of the 
senate ; served on the following committees : Finance ; agriculture, 
commerce, and levees; health, quarantine, drainage, and charitable 
institutions ; public roads and highways ; state banks and banking; aud- 



314 LOUISIANA 

iting and supervising expenses of the senate ; Old Basin and Carondelet 
canal. He has the distinction of having served on a larger number of 
committees than did any other member of the senate. During the ses- 
sion Senator Mouton introduced and succeeded in having enacted into 
law the following measures: Bill No. 161, proposing an amendment 
to the Constitution relative to taxes and maintenance of public roads; 
Bill No. 79, to regulate the manufacture, storage and sale of matches, 
a.nd to provide penalties for violations. Bill No. 179, to prevent fire 
insurance companies, and associations and partnerships doing business 
in this state as agencies of said companies, associations, or partnerships, 
from entering into combinations to control or make I'ates for fire in- 
surance on property situated in this state, and providing punishment 
for the violation of this act, provided, that nothing herein contained 
shall be construed as repealing Act 189 of 1901. Senate Bill No. 57. to 
repeal Act 219 of the general assembly of the state of Louisiana for 
the year 1910, entitled, an Act to provide conditions, additional to 
those now imposed by law, upon which insurance companies issuing 
policies of fire, tornado, or windstorm insurance on property located 
in this state shall transact business in this state ; to create a state in- 
surance rating board, provide for their appointment, and to fix their 
qualifications, powers and compensation ; to make the fire marshal a 
member of and secretary of said board, etc., etc. Senator Mouton 
succeeded in having each and all of these bills enacted into law. In 
1913 he was appointed a member of Gov. Hall's military staff, with the 
rank of major, and is at this time the only member of either the 
house or senate holding such a position. In this capacity he accom- 
panied Grov. Hall to Washington, D. C, and participated in the 
ceremonies attandant upon the inauguration of President Wilson. 
Three children have been born to Senator and Mrs. Mouton, namely : 
Welton Paul, born in 1905 ; Maurice Thomas, 1906 ; and Heloise, 1909. 
Senator Mouton is a member of the Roman Catholic church, and is 
affiliated with the Knights of Columbus, Benevolent and Protective 
Order of Elks, and Woodmen of the World. Senator Mouton is being 
urged by the newspapers of his district, as well as by others all over 
the state of Louisiana, and by citizens of all classes, including tho.S3 
in highest stations and commanding largest influence, as the logical 
candidate to succeed Hon. R. F. Broussard, senator elect, as a member 
of the national house of representatives. As an evidence of this gen- 
eral appreciation of the availability of Senator Mouton, the following 
extracts are made from articles appearing in New Orleans news- 
papers: From the New Orleans Item: "Senator Fernand Mouton, 
of Lafayette, was a strong administration man in the recent legis- 
lature, the Louisiana stateman having voted on all the reform meas- 
ures promi.sed by Gov. Hall. Sen Mouton is a colleague of Sen. 
Walter Burke, one of the strongest men, politically speaking, in Louis- 
iana. When Sen. Mouton went before the people of his district he 
told them that if elected to office he would uphold his platform pledges. 
So great was the faith the voters of his district had in him that he 
was elected over all the candidates in the field for his office by an 
overwhelming majority. He kept his promises. He proved to be a 
strong foe to the state rating board. Mr. Mouton is one of the sub- 
stantial business men of his district. The Mouton family has taken a 



BIOGRAPHICAL 315 

leading part in the affairs of Louisiana, and the senator gives pioiaisa 
of keeping up the family traditions." Prom the New Orleans Times- 
Democrat : ' ' Sen. Mouton 's fight to abolish the fire rating board and 
reform the fire prevention bureau was one of the biggest things of the 
session, although obscured by events of greater political importance. 
The effort was entirely successful; the rating board is no more; the 
bureau is restricted to promulgating a cost rate, and the statute books 
are given an act forbidding rate agreements or combinations of any 
sort. Sen. Mouton is one of the admini